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141. Multimodality Imaging in the Context of Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement: Establishing Consensus Among Modalities and Disciplines. (PubMed)

Multimodality Imaging in the Context of Transcatheter Mitral Valve Replacement: Establishing Consensus Among Modalities and Disciplines. Transcatheter mitral valve implantation (TMVI) represents a promising approach to treating mitral valve regurgitation in patients at increased risk of perioperative mortality. Similar to transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), TMVI relies on pre- and periprocedural noninvasive imaging. Although these imaging modalities, namely echocardiography, computed (...) tomography, and fluoroscopy, are well established in TAVR, TMVI has entirely different requirements. Approaches and nomenclature need to be standardized given the multiple disciplines involved. Herein we provide an overview of anatomical principles and definitions, a methodology for anatomical quantification, and perioperative guidance. Copyright © 2015 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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2015 JACC. Cardiovascular imaging

142. Improving control of antibiotic resistant gonorrhea by integrating research agendas across disciplines: key questions arising from mathematical modeling. (PubMed)

Improving control of antibiotic resistant gonorrhea by integrating research agendas across disciplines: key questions arising from mathematical modeling. The rise in gonococcal antibiotic resistance and the threat of untreatable infection are focusing attention on strategies to limit the spread of drug-resistant gonorrhea. Mathematical models provide a framework to link the natural history of infection and patient behavior to epidemiological outcomes and can be used to guide research

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2015 Journal of Infectious Diseases

143. The need to balance merits and limitations from different disciplines when considering the stepped wedge cluster randomized trial design. (PubMed)

The need to balance merits and limitations from different disciplines when considering the stepped wedge cluster randomized trial design. Various papers have addressed pros and cons of the stepped wedge cluster randomized trial design (SWD). However, some issues have not or only limitedly been addressed. Our aim was to provide a comprehensive overview of all merits and limitations of the SWD to assist researchers, reviewers and medical ethics committees when deciding on the appropriateness (...) of the SWD to distinct phases in the design and conduct of such studies, highlighting that their impact may vary depending on the context of the study or that benefits may be offset by drawbacks across study phases. Furthermore, a real-life illustration is provided.New aspects are identified within all disciplines. Examples of newly identified aspects of an SWD are: the possibility to measure a treatment effect in each cluster to examine the (in)consistency in effects across clusters, the detrimental

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2015 BMC medical research methodology

144. Comparative Psychology: A Perspective Rather than a Discipline. Commentary: A Crisis in Comparative Psychology: Where Have All the Undergraduates Gone? (PubMed)

Comparative Psychology: A Perspective Rather than a Discipline. Commentary: A Crisis in Comparative Psychology: Where Have All the Undergraduates Gone? 26635711 2015 12 04 2018 11 13 1664-1078 6 2015 Frontiers in psychology Front Psychol Comparative Psychology: A Perspective Rather than a Discipline. Commentary: A Crisis in Comparative Psychology: Where Have All the Undergraduates Gone? 1828 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01828 Chiandetti Cinzia C Psychology Unit, Department of Life Sciences, University (...) of Trieste Trieste, Italy. Gerbino Walter W Psychology Unit, Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste Trieste, Italy. eng Journal Article 2015 11 25 Switzerland Front Psychol 101550902 1664-1078 cognition-emotion comparative cognition comparative psychology discipline mind-brain perspective recruitment undergraduates 2015 10 14 2015 11 11 2015 12 5 6 0 2015 12 5 6 0 2015 12 5 6 1 epublish 26635711 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01828 PMC4658579 Am Psychol. 1988 Mar;43(3):151-60 3364852 Comp Cogn Behav Rev

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2015 Frontiers in psychology

145. Nutritional biology: a neglected basic discipline of nutritional science (PubMed)

Nutritional biology: a neglected basic discipline of nutritional science On the basis of a scientific-philosophical analysis, this paper tries to show that the approaches in current nutritional science-including its subdisciplines which focus on molecular aspects-are predominantly application-oriented. This becomes particularly evident through a number of conceptual problems characterized by the triad of 'dearth of theoretical foundation,' 'particularist research questions,' and 'reductionist (...) understanding of nutrition.' The thesis presented here is that an interpretive framework based on nutritional biology is able to shed constructive light on the fundamental problems of nutritional science. In this context, the establishment of 'nutritional biology' as a basic discipline in research and education would be a first step toward recognizing the phenomenon of 'nutrition' as an oecic process as a special case of an organism-environment interaction. Modern nutritional science should be substantively

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2015 Genes & nutrition

146. Choosing wisely in Allergology: a Slow Medicine approach to the discipline promoted by the Italian Society of Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology (SIAAIC) (PubMed)

Choosing wisely in Allergology: a Slow Medicine approach to the discipline promoted by the Italian Society of Allergy, Asthma and Clinical Immunology (SIAAIC) One of the main problem health care systems are facis is the mis-use and over-use of medical resources (including useless exams, surgical interventions, medical treatments, screening procedures…) which may lead to high health care related costs without increased patients' benefit and possible harm to the patients themselves. The "Choosing

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2015 Clinical and molecular allergy : CMA

147. Data discipline in electronic medical records: Improving smoking status documentation with a standardized intake tool and process (PubMed)

Data discipline in electronic medical records: Improving smoking status documentation with a standardized intake tool and process To evaluate the transformation in smoking status documentation after implementing a standardized intake tool as part of a primary care smoking cessation program.A before-and-after evaluation of smoking status documentation was conducted following implementation of a smoking assessment tool. To evaluate the effect of the intervention, the Canadian Primary Care

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2015 Canadian Family Physician

148. Palliative Care: A Holistic Discipline (PubMed)

Palliative Care: A Holistic Discipline Although mind and body are inextricably interwoven, psychological factors have received insufficient attention within medicine. The biomedical model though necessary is not sufficient. In medicine and particularly in palliative care, a holistic biopsychosocial approach is required. A number of examples from clinical practice in a hospice setting are presented. © The Author(s) 2015.

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2015 Integrative cancer therapies

149. The disciplined healthcare professional: a qualitative interview study on the impact of the disciplinary process and imposed measures in the Netherlands. (PubMed)

The disciplined healthcare professional: a qualitative interview study on the impact of the disciplinary process and imposed measures in the Netherlands. It is known that doctors who receive complaints may have feelings of anger, guilt, shame and depression, both in the short and in the long term. This might lead to functional impairment. Less is known about the impact of the disciplinary process and imposed measures. Previous studies of disciplinary proceedings have mainly focused (...) on identifying characteristics of disciplined doctors and on sentencing policies. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore what impact the disciplinary process and imposed measures have on healthcare professionals.Semistructured interview study, with purposive sampling and inductive qualitative content analysis.16 healthcare professionals (9 medical specialists, 3 general practitioners, 2 physiotherapists and 2 psychologists) that were sanctioned by the disciplinary tribunal.The

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2015 BMJ open

150. Performance Development in Adolescent Track and Field Athletes According to Age, Sex and Sport Discipline (PubMed)

Performance Development in Adolescent Track and Field Athletes According to Age, Sex and Sport Discipline Sex-specific differences that arise during puberty have a pronounced effect on the training process. However, the consequences this should have for goal-setting, planning and implementation of training for boys and girls of different ages remains poorly understood. The aim of this study was to quantify performance developments in athletic running and jumping disciplines in the age range 11 (...) -18 and identify progression differences as a function of age, discipline and sex.The 100 all-time best Norwegian male and female 60-m, 800-m, long jump and high jump athletes in each age category from 11 to 18 years were analysed using mixed models with random intercept according to athlete.Male and female athletes perform almost equally in running and jumping events up to the age of 12. Beyond this age, males outperform females. Relative annual performance development in females gradually

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2015 PloS one

151. Increasing awareness of Myology: it's time for its recognition as an independent discipline within the Medical Sciences (PubMed)

Increasing awareness of Myology: it's time for its recognition as an independent discipline within the Medical Sciences 26155062 2016 09 21 2018 11 13 2532-1900 34 1 2015 May Acta myologica : myopathies and cardiomyopathies : official journal of the Mediterranean Society of Myology Acta Myol Increasing awareness of Myology: it's time for its recognition as an independent discipline within the Medical Sciences. 1-2 Nigro Giovanni G President of Mediterranean Society of Myology. Politano Luisa L (...) Cardiomyology and Medical Genetics Second Naples University. eng Editorial Italy Acta Myol 9811169 1128-2460 IM Biological Science Disciplines trends Humans Internal Medicine trends Muscles Muscular Diseases 2015 7 9 6 0 2015 7 15 6 0 2016 9 23 6 0 ppublish 26155062 PMC4478771 Rev Neurol (Paris). 1982;138(12):887-92 6763292 Hist Sci Med. 1994;28(4):307-12 11640483

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2015 Acta Myologica

152. Editorial: The emerging discipline of quantitative systems pharmacology (PubMed)

Editorial: The emerging discipline of quantitative systems pharmacology 26175687 2015 07 16 2018 11 13 1663-9812 6 2015 Frontiers in pharmacology Front Pharmacol Editorial: The emerging discipline of quantitative systems pharmacology. 129 10.3389/fphar.2015.00129 Leil Tarek A TA Bristol-Myers Squibb, Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacometrics/Exploratory Clinical and Translational Research Princeton, NJ, USA. Ermakov Sergey S Bristol-Myers Squibb, Clinical Pharmacology and Pharmacometrics

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2015 Frontiers in pharmacology

153. INTERACTING DISCIPLINES: Cardiac natriuretic peptides and obesity: perspectives from an endocrinologist and a cardiologist (PubMed)

INTERACTING DISCIPLINES: Cardiac natriuretic peptides and obesity: perspectives from an endocrinologist and a cardiologist Since their discovery in 1981, the cardiac natriuretic peptides (cNP) atrial natriuretic peptide (also referred to as atrial natriuretic factor) and brain natriuretic peptide have been well characterised in terms of their renal and cardiovascular actions. In addition, it has been shown that cNP plasma levels are strong predictors of cardiovascular events and mortality

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2015 Endocrine connections

154. Effects of Stability Balls on Children's On-Task Behavior, Academic Achievement, and Discipline Referrals: A Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

Effects of Stability Balls on Children's On-Task Behavior, Academic Achievement, and Discipline Referrals: A Randomized Controlled Trial. We used a randomized controlled design to investigate whether using stability balls during the school day was associated with higher levels of on-task behavior and academic achievement and fewer discipline referrals.Over 9 mo, students in 2 second-grade classrooms in a southeastern rural elementary school used stability balls as chairs while students in 2 (...) control classrooms used chairs as usual. We collected measures of on-task behavior, standardized measures of literacy and mathematics achievement, and discipline referrals.We found similar levels of on-task behavior and achievement in treatment and control classrooms and a downward trend in disruptive behaviors in treatment classrooms.This study did not find use of stability balls for entire general education classrooms to be a practical use of resources for schools. More research with rigorous

2015 The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association

155. Prevalence and characteristics of asthma in the aquatic disciplines. (PubMed)

Prevalence and characteristics of asthma in the aquatic disciplines. Despite the health benefits of swimming as a form of exercise, evidence exists that both the swimming pool environment and endurance exercise are etiologic factors in the development of asthma. The prevalence of asthma in swimmers is high compared with that in participants in other Olympic sport disciplines. There are no publications comparing the prevalence of asthma in the 5 aquatic disciplines.The purpose of this study (...) is to examine and compare the prevalence of asthma in the aquatic disciplines and in contrast with other Olympic sports.Therapeutic Use Exemptions containing objective evidence of athlete asthma/airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR) were collected for all aquatic athletes participating in swimming, diving, synchronized swimming, water polo, and open water swimming for major events during the time period from 2004-2009. The prevalence of asthma/AHR in the aquatic disciplines was analyzed for statistical

2015 Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology

156. Failing to Focus on Healthy Aging: A Frailty of Our Discipline? (PubMed)

Failing to Focus on Healthy Aging: A Frailty of Our Discipline? The academic geriatrics community has provided outstanding leadership in addressing frailty and complexity in older adults, but a minority of older adults are frail. Although resources to treat older adults are limited, and it is appropriate to focus clinical efforts on those with frailty and multimorbidity, there is also important expertise that can be brought to bear on the health of ALL older adults. A review of the literature

2015 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

157. What kind of discipline is psychoanalysis? (PubMed)

What kind of discipline is psychoanalysis? Current controversies involving clinical, conceptual and empirical research shed light on how psychoanalysis confronts its nature and its future. Some relevant debates in which Wallerstein, Green, Hoffman, Eagle and Wolitzky, Safran, Stern, Blass and Carmeli, and Panksepp have participated are examined regarding the characteristics of their argumentation. Agreements and disagreements are explored to find ways that could have allowed the discussion (...) of triangulation and consilience is brought to bear regarding their contribution to the robustness of psychoanalysis. So as to strengthen a critical perspective that enhances the discipline's argumentative field, psychoanalysis should take into account arguments from different sources according to their specific merits. By doing this, psychoanalysis increases its relevance within the current interdisciplinary dialogue. Copyright © 2015 Institute of Psychoanalysis.

2015 International Journal of Psycho-Analysis

158. Characteristics of Internal Medicine Physicians Disciplined by Professional Colleges in Canada. (PubMed)

Characteristics of Internal Medicine Physicians Disciplined by Professional Colleges in Canada. Physician misconduct is of serious concern to patient safety and quality of care. Currently, there are limited data on disciplinary proceedings involving internal medicine (IM) physicians.The aim of this study was to investigate the number and nature of disciplinary cases among IM physicians compared with those of other disciplined physicians.Our retrospective study reviewed information from all (...) provincial Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons (CPS) and compiled a database of all disciplined physicians from 2000 to 2013 in Canada. Disciplinary rate differences (RDs) were calculated for IM physicians and compared with other physicians.From 2000 to 2013, overall disciplinary rates were low (9.6 cases per 10,000 physician years). There were 899 disciplinary cases, 49 of which involved 45 different IM physicians. IM physicians comprised 10.8% of all disciplined physicians and were disciplined

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2015 Medicine

159. Decreasing harsh discipline in mothers at risk for maltreatment: a randomized control trial. (PubMed)

Decreasing harsh discipline in mothers at risk for maltreatment: a randomized control trial. This study tested the effectiveness of the attachment-based program Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline (VIPP-SD; F. Juffer, M.J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, & M.H. van IJzendoorn, 2008) in decreasing harsh discipline of 43 mothers and their 1- to 4-year-old-children from severely deprived families. Based on previous studies, parenting stress was tested (...) as a potential moderator of intervention effects on harsh discipline. Using a randomized control design, maternal harsh discipline was observed during home visits at the pretest and posttest, and mothers filled in questionnaires at both assessments. The VIPP-SD proved to be effective in decreasing maternal harsh discipline, but only for mothers who experienced higher levels of parenting stress at intake. These findings provide support for the program's ability to improve parenting in families who are most

2015 Infant mental health journal

160. Disciplined doctors: does the sex of a doctor matter? A cross-sectional study examining the association between a doctor's sex and receiving sanctions against their medical registration. (PubMed)

Disciplined doctors: does the sex of a doctor matter? A cross-sectional study examining the association between a doctor's sex and receiving sanctions against their medical registration. To examine the association between doctors' sex and receiving sanctions on their medical registration, while controlling for other potentially confounding variables.Cross-sectional study.The General Medical Council (GMC)'s List of Registered Medical Practitioners (LRMP) database of doctors practising

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2014 BMJ open

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