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141. Efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline in Twin Families (VIPP-Twins): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline in Twin Families (VIPP-Twins): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Intervention programs with the aim of enhancing parenting quality have been found to be differentially effective in decreasing negative child outcomes such as externalizing behavioral problems, resulting in modest overall effect sizes. Here we present the protocol for a randomized controlled trial to examine (...) the efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline for Twin Families (VIPP-Twins) on parenting quality and children's behavioral control and social competence. In addition, we aim to test the differential susceptibility theory; we examine differential efficacy of the intervention based on genetic make-up or temperament for both parents and children. Lastly, we explore neurobiological mechanisms underlying intervention effects on children's developmental

2016 BMC psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

142. To Educate or To Incarcerate: Factors in Disproportionality in School Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

To Educate or To Incarcerate: Factors in Disproportionality in School Discipline The school-to-prison pipeline describes the process by which school suspension/expulsion may push adolescents into the justice system disproportionately based on race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and gender. The current study moves the field forward by analyzing a survey of a diverse sample of 2,539 students in 10th to 12th grade in Southern California to examine how demographic, individual, and family factors (...) contribute to disparities in office referral and suspension/expulsion. African Americans, boys, and students whose parents had less education were more likely to be suspended/expelled. Higher levels of student academic preparation for class, hours spent on homework, and academic aspiration were associated with less school discipline. Findings suggest that helping students engage in school may be protective against disproportionate school discipline.

2016 Children and youth services review

143. Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India Human rights and mental health care of vulnerable population need supportive legislations and policies. Both "hard" and "soft" laws relevant to mental health care have been devised internationally and locally. Amendments in laws and the formulation of new laws are often required and have been seen to occur in the area of mental health care in India. So far, reform in mental

2016 Indian journal of psychiatry

144. Environmental Adversity and Children’s Early Trajectories of Problem Behavior: The Role of Harsh Parental Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Environmental Adversity and Children’s Early Trajectories of Problem Behavior: The Role of Harsh Parental Discipline This study was performed to examine the role of harsh parental discipline in mediating and moderating the effects of environmental adversity (family socioeconomic disadvantage and adverse life events) on emotional and behavioral problems across early-to-middle childhood. The sample included 16,916 children (48% female; 24% non-White) from the U.K.'s Millennium Cohort Study. We (...) analyzed trajectories of conduct, hyperactivity, and emotional problems, measured at ages 3, 5, and 7 years, using growth curve models. Harsh parental discipline was measured at these ages with parent-reported items on the frequency of using the physical and verbal discipline tactics of smacking, shouting at, and "telling off" the child. As expected, family socioeconomic disadvantage and adverse life events were significantly associated with emotional and behavioral problems. Harsh parental discipline

2016 Journal of Family Psychology

145. Hotspotting sepsis: applying analytic tools from other disciplines to eliminate disparities Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hotspotting sepsis: applying analytic tools from other disciplines to eliminate disparities 27569126 2016 08 29 2018 11 13 2305-5839 4 15 2016 Aug Annals of translational medicine Ann Transl Med Hotspotting sepsis: applying analytic tools from other disciplines to eliminate disparities. 295 10.21037/atm.2016.07.19 Holder Andre L AL Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA ; Wallace David J DJ Department

2016 Annals of Translational Medicine

146. Closing the Racial Discipline Gap in Classrooms by Changing Teacher Practice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Closing the Racial Discipline Gap in Classrooms by Changing Teacher Practice Black students are issued school discipline sanctions at rates higher than members of other racial and ethnic groups, underscoring the need for professional development that addresses this gap. In 86 secondary classrooms, a randomized controlled trial examined the effects of a 2-year teacher coaching program, My Teaching Partner Secondary (MTP-S). Results from the second year of coaching and the year after coaching (...) was discontinued replicated previous findings from the first year of coaching-intervention teachers had no significant disparities in discipline referral between Black students and their classmates, compared to teachers in the control condition, for whom racial discipline gaps remained. Thus, MTP-S effects were replicated in the second year of coaching and maintained when coaching was withdrawn. Mediational analyses identified mechanisms for these effects; Black students had a low probability of receiving

2016 School psychology review Controlled trial quality: uncertain

147. This month in the journal: cardiology and other disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

This month in the journal: cardiology and other disciplines 27282670 2018 08 07 2018 10 23 2149-2271 16 6 2016 06 Anatolian journal of cardiology Anatol J Cardiol This month in the journal: cardiology and other disciplines. 369 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.06 Öngen Zeki Z Department of Cardiology, İstanbul University, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul-Turkey. z_ongen@yahoo.com.tr. eng Editorial Comment Turkey Anatol J Cardiol 101652981 2149-2263 Anatol J Cardiol. 2016 Sep;16(9):647

2016 Anatolian journal of cardiology

148. Upper Respiratory Tract Diseases in Athletes in Different Sports Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Upper Respiratory Tract Diseases in Athletes in Different Sports Disciplines Upper respiratory tract diseases in athletes are a very common medical problem. Training conditions in different sports disciplines increase the risk of upper respiratory disease. Epidemiological evidence suggests that heavy acute or chronic exercise is related to an increased incidence of upper respiratory tract infections in athletes. Regular physical exercise at high intensity may lead to transient immunosuppression (...) due to high prevalence of allergic diseases in athletes. Regardless of the cause they can exclude athletes from the training program and significantly impair their performance. In the present work, the most common upper respiratory tract diseases in athletes taking into account the disciplines in which they most often occur were presented. The focus was laid on symptoms, diagnostic methods and pharmacotherapy. Moreover, preventive procedures which can help reduce the occurrence of upper

2016 Journal of human kinetics

149. Phytogeographic and genetic variation in Sorbus, a traditional antidiabetic medicine—adaptation in action in both a plant and a discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Phytogeographic and genetic variation in Sorbus, a traditional antidiabetic medicine—adaptation in action in both a plant and a discipline Mountain ash (Sorbus decora and S. americana) is used by the Cree Nation of the James Bay region of Quebec (Eeyou Istchee) as traditional medicine. Its potential as an antidiabetic medicine is thought to vary across its geographical range, yet little is known about the factors that affect its antioxidant capacity. Here, we examined metabolite gene

2016 PeerJ

150. Differences in Collaboration Patterns across Discipline, Career Stage, and Gender Full Text available with Trip Pro

Differences in Collaboration Patterns across Discipline, Career Stage, and Gender Collaboration plays an increasingly important role in promoting research productivity and impact. What remains unclear is whether female and male researchers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) disciplines differ in their collaboration propensity. Here, we report on an empirical analysis of the complete publication records of 3,980 faculty members in six STEM disciplines at select U.S (...) for gender segregation in some sub-disciplines in molecular biology, in particular in genomics where we find female faculty to be clearly under-represented.

2016 PLoS biology

151. Is Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadomasochism Recreational Leisure? A Descriptive Exploratory Investigation. (Abstract)

Is Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadomasochism Recreational Leisure? A Descriptive Exploratory Investigation. Recent studies have suggested that, in contrast to traditional psychopathologic explanations, bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, and sadomasochism (BDSM) could be understood as recreational leisure. However, the theoretical framing of BDSM as potential leisure has not been empirically explored.To conduct an initial empirical exploration

2016 Journal Of Sexual Medicine

152. Integrating Care Across Disciplines. (Abstract)

Integrating Care Across Disciplines. Interdisciplinary care teams are important in managing older patients. Geriatric patients with cardiovascular problems represent a unique paradigm for interdisciplinary teams, and patients benefit from the assistance of physicians, nurses, social workers, pharmacists, and therapists collaborating on treatment plans. Teams work on the inpatient and outpatient sides and at patients' homes to maximize function and prevent readmissions to the hospital. Copyright

2016 Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

153. Harsh discipline relates to internalizing problems and cognitive functioning: findings from a cross-sectional study with school children in Tanzania. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Harsh discipline relates to internalizing problems and cognitive functioning: findings from a cross-sectional study with school children in Tanzania. Child maltreatment poses a risk to children and adolescents' mental health and may also affect cognitive functioning. Also harsh discipline has been frequently associated with mental health problems. However, within societies in which harsh disciplinary methods are culturally normed and highly prevalent less is known about the association between (...) harsh punishment, mental health problems, and cognitive functioning.In a cross-sectional study, we conducted structured clinical interviews with a sample of Tanzanian primary school students assessing exposure to harsh discipline (Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure), internalizing problems (Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire, Children's Depression Inventory), and working memory (Corsi Blocktapping Task). School performance was measured by using the exam grades in 4 core subjects

2016 BMC Psychiatry

154. Rethinking the role and impact of health information technology: informatics as an interventional discipline. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rethinking the role and impact of health information technology: informatics as an interventional discipline. Recent advances in the adoption and use of health information technology (HIT) have had a dramatic impact on the practice of medicine. In many environments, this has led to the ability to achieve new efficiencies and levels of safety. In others, the impact has been less positive, and is associated with both: 1) workflow and user experience dissatisfaction; and 2) perceptions of missed

2016 Medical Informatics and Decision Making

155. Interviews with Irish healthcare workers from different disciplines about palliative care for people with Parkinson's disease: a definite role but uncertainty around terminology and timing. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interviews with Irish healthcare workers from different disciplines about palliative care for people with Parkinson's disease: a definite role but uncertainty around terminology and timing. An integrated palliative care approach is recommended in all life-limiting diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD). However research shows that people with PD have unmet palliative care needs. The study aimed to explore multidisciplinary healthcare workers' (HCWs) views on palliative care for people (...) , and patients and carers weren't equipped with information to seek palliative care. A lack of communication between PD and palliative care specialists was seen to impede collaboration between the disciplines. Uncertainty about the timing of palliative care meant that it was often not introduced until a crisis point, despite the recognised need for early planning due to increased prevalence of dementia.Most HCWs recognised a need for palliative care for people with PD; however several barriers

2016 BMC Palliative Care

156. Establishing cross-discipline consensus on contraception, pregnancy and breast feeding-related educational messages and clinical practices to support women with rheumatoid arthritis: an Australian Delphi study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Establishing cross-discipline consensus on contraception, pregnancy and breast feeding-related educational messages and clinical practices to support women with rheumatoid arthritis: an Australian Delphi study. Recognising the need for a best-practice and consistent approach in providing care to women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to (1) general health, (2) contraception, (3) conception and pregnancy, (4) breast feeding and (5) early parenting, we sought to achieve cross-discipline

2016 BMJ open

157. Attitudes towards and personal use of complementary and alternative medicine amongst clinicians working in audiovestibular disciplines. (Abstract)

Attitudes towards and personal use of complementary and alternative medicine amongst clinicians working in audiovestibular disciplines. Literature indicates that complementary and alternative medicine is used by patients with auditory and vestibular symptoms. This study sought to determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine uptake, and examine attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicine in clinicians working with audiovestibular disorder patients.The Holistic

2016 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

158. Health Behavior Change Support Systems as a research discipline; A viewpoint. (Abstract)

Health Behavior Change Support Systems as a research discipline; A viewpoint. As research on Health Behavior Change Support Systems (HBCSS) proliferates, meaningful management of the different findings is becoming a challenge. We argue that for the field to evolve, it is important to establish the study of HBCSSs as an independent research area, which means that instead of only applying theories from related disciplines to HBCSSs, we need to significantly extend and adapt these theories (...) , or develop new theories, to explain the phenomena that are encountered. Current research in HBCSSs is carried out in different disciplines, with a different approach in each of these disciplines. However, both the CeHRes roadmap and the Persuasive System Design Model show that HBCSSs are complex and the development and evaluation of these systems need to deal with this complexity to be successful. Therefore, an integrative approach is needed to study the combination of content, system, and context

2016 International journal of medical informatics

159. Opening to the otherwise: The discipline of listening and the necessity of free-association for psychoanalytic praxis. (Abstract)

Opening to the otherwise: The discipline of listening and the necessity of free-association for psychoanalytic praxis. It is argued that only free-association methodically opens the discourse of self-consciousness (the representations available to reflective awareness) to the voicing of the repressed. The method is key to Freud's originality and the sine qua non of any genuinely psychoanalytic process. Clinical procedures which do not prioritize a steadfast and ongoing commitment to this method

2016 International Journal of Psycho-Analysis

160. Comparative Psychology: A Perspective Rather than a Discipline. Commentary: A Crisis in Comparative Psychology: Where Have All the Undergraduates Gone? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Comparative Psychology: A Perspective Rather than a Discipline. Commentary: A Crisis in Comparative Psychology: Where Have All the Undergraduates Gone? 26635711 2015 12 04 2018 11 13 1664-1078 6 2015 Frontiers in psychology Front Psychol Comparative Psychology: A Perspective Rather than a Discipline. Commentary: A Crisis in Comparative Psychology: Where Have All the Undergraduates Gone? 1828 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01828 Chiandetti Cinzia C Psychology Unit, Department of Life Sciences, University (...) of Trieste Trieste, Italy. Gerbino Walter W Psychology Unit, Department of Life Sciences, University of Trieste Trieste, Italy. eng Journal Article 2015 11 25 Switzerland Front Psychol 101550902 1664-1078 cognition-emotion comparative cognition comparative psychology discipline mind-brain perspective recruitment undergraduates 2015 10 14 2015 11 11 2015 12 5 6 0 2015 12 5 6 0 2015 12 5 6 1 epublish 26635711 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.01828 PMC4658579 Am Psychol. 1988 Mar;43(3):151-60 3364852 Comp Cogn Behav Rev

2015 Frontiers in psychology

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