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121. Persistence and adherence in multiple sclerosis patients starting glatiramer acetate treatment: assessment of relationship with care received from multiple disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Persistence and adherence in multiple sclerosis patients starting glatiramer acetate treatment: assessment of relationship with care received from multiple disciplines In multiple sclerosis patients, the persistence of, and adherence to, disease-modifying treatment are often insufficient. The degree of persistence and adherence may relate to the care received from various disciplines.In an observational study of 203 patients treated with glatiramer acetate 20 mg subcutaneous daily, we assess (...) the persistence and adherence in relation to the amount of care received in various disciplines. The frequencies and durations of care per discipline were reported by patients online, as were missed doses and eventual treatment discontinuation. The associations between the care provided by neurologists, nurses, psychologists, pharmacists, and rehabilitative doctors and persistence and adherence were the primary outcomes; the associations between care received from general practitioners, occupational

2016 Patient preference and adherence

122. To Educate or To Incarcerate: Factors in Disproportionality in School Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

To Educate or To Incarcerate: Factors in Disproportionality in School Discipline The school-to-prison pipeline describes the process by which school suspension/expulsion may push adolescents into the justice system disproportionately based on race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and gender. The current study moves the field forward by analyzing a survey of a diverse sample of 2,539 students in 10th to 12th grade in Southern California to examine how demographic, individual, and family factors (...) contribute to disparities in office referral and suspension/expulsion. African Americans, boys, and students whose parents had less education were more likely to be suspended/expelled. Higher levels of student academic preparation for class, hours spent on homework, and academic aspiration were associated with less school discipline. Findings suggest that helping students engage in school may be protective against disproportionate school discipline.

2016 Children and youth services review

123. Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines Many fields face an increasing prevalence of multi-authorship, and this poses challenges in assessing citation metrics. Here, we explore multiple citation indicators that address total impact (number of citations, Hirsch H index [H]), co-authorship adjustment (Schreiber Hm index [Hm]), and author order (total citations to papers as single; single or first; or single, first, or last author). We demonstrate

2016 PLoS biology

124. Upper Respiratory Tract Diseases in Athletes in Different Sports Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Upper Respiratory Tract Diseases in Athletes in Different Sports Disciplines Upper respiratory tract diseases in athletes are a very common medical problem. Training conditions in different sports disciplines increase the risk of upper respiratory disease. Epidemiological evidence suggests that heavy acute or chronic exercise is related to an increased incidence of upper respiratory tract infections in athletes. Regular physical exercise at high intensity may lead to transient immunosuppression (...) due to high prevalence of allergic diseases in athletes. Regardless of the cause they can exclude athletes from the training program and significantly impair their performance. In the present work, the most common upper respiratory tract diseases in athletes taking into account the disciplines in which they most often occur were presented. The focus was laid on symptoms, diagnostic methods and pharmacotherapy. Moreover, preventive procedures which can help reduce the occurrence of upper

2016 Journal of human kinetics

125. Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India Human rights and mental health care of vulnerable population need supportive legislations and policies. Both "hard" and "soft" laws relevant to mental health care have been devised internationally and locally. Amendments in laws and the formulation of new laws are often required and have been seen to occur in the area of mental health care in India. So far, reform in mental

2016 Indian journal of psychiatry

126. Phytogeographic and genetic variation in Sorbus, a traditional antidiabetic medicine—adaptation in action in both a plant and a discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Phytogeographic and genetic variation in Sorbus, a traditional antidiabetic medicine—adaptation in action in both a plant and a discipline Mountain ash (Sorbus decora and S. americana) is used by the Cree Nation of the James Bay region of Quebec (Eeyou Istchee) as traditional medicine. Its potential as an antidiabetic medicine is thought to vary across its geographical range, yet little is known about the factors that affect its antioxidant capacity. Here, we examined metabolite gene

2016 PeerJ

127. Differences in Collaboration Patterns across Discipline, Career Stage, and Gender Full Text available with Trip Pro

Differences in Collaboration Patterns across Discipline, Career Stage, and Gender Collaboration plays an increasingly important role in promoting research productivity and impact. What remains unclear is whether female and male researchers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) disciplines differ in their collaboration propensity. Here, we report on an empirical analysis of the complete publication records of 3,980 faculty members in six STEM disciplines at select U.S (...) for gender segregation in some sub-disciplines in molecular biology, in particular in genomics where we find female faculty to be clearly under-represented.

2016 PLoS biology

128. Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science Full Text available with Trip Pro

Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science 26959265 2016 07 26 2018 11 13 1541-0048 106 4 2016 Apr American journal of public health Am J Public Health Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science. 633-4 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303101 Keyes Katherine M KM Katherine M. Keyes is with the Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, NY. Sandro Galea is Dean and Professor, School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA. Galea Sandro S

2016 American Journal of Public Health

129. Psychological Literacy Weakly Differentiates Students by Discipline and Year of Enrolment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Psychological Literacy Weakly Differentiates Students by Discipline and Year of Enrolment Psychological literacy, a construct developed to reflect the types of skills graduates of a psychology degree should possess and be capable of demonstrating, has recently been scrutinized in terms of its measurement adequacy. The recent development of a multi-item measure encompassing the facets of psychological literacy has provided the potential for improved validity in measuring the construct. We

2016 Frontiers in psychology

130. Geriatric Cardiology: An Emerging Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Geriatric Cardiology: An Emerging Discipline Given changing demographics, patients with cardiovascular (CV) disease in developed countries are now older and more complex than even a decade ago. This trend is expected to continue into the foreseeable future; accordingly, cardiologists are encountering patients with a greater number of comorbid illnesses as well as "geriatric conditions," such as cognitive impairment and frailty, which complicate management and influence outcomes. Simultaneously (...) , technological advances have widened the therapeutic options available for patients, including those with the most advanced CV disease. In the setting of these changes, geriatric cardiology has recently emerged as a discipline that aims to adapt principles from geriatric medicine to everyday cardiology practice. Accordingly, the tasks of a "geriatric cardiologist" may include both traditional evidence-based CV management plus comprehensive geriatric assessment, medication reduction, team-based coordination

2016 The Canadian journal of cardiology

131. Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare Full Text available with Trip Pro

Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare 27077827 2016 12 26 2018 11 13 2045-7723 39 2 2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine J Spinal Cord Med Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare. 126 10.1080/10790268.2016.1156302 Hough Sigmund S a Department of Psychiatry , Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA. eng Editorial 2016 03 24 England J Spinal Cord Med 9504452

2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine

132. Norwegian Priority Setting in Practice – an Analysis of Waiting Time Patterns Across Medical Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Norwegian Priority Setting in Practice – an Analysis of Waiting Time Patterns Across Medical Disciplines Different strategies for addressing the challenge of prioritizing elective patients efficiently and fairly have been introduced in Norway. In the time period studied, there were three possible outcomes for elective patients that had been through the process of priority setting: (i) high priority with assigned individual maximum waiting time; (ii) low priority without a maximum waiting time (...) waiting times and the actual ones were analyzed using standard Kernel density estimation. The perspective of the planning process was studied by measuring the time interval between the actual start of healthcare and the maximum waiting time.Considerable variation was found across medical specialties concerning proportion of priority patients and their maximum waiting times. The degree of differentiation in terms of maximum waiting times also varied by medical discipline. We found that the actual

2016 International journal of health policy and management

133. “One Health” or Three? Publication Silos Among the One Health Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

“One Health” or Three? Publication Silos Among the One Health Disciplines The One Health initiative is a global effort fostering interdisciplinary collaborations to address challenges in human, animal, and environmental health. While One Health has received considerable press, its benefits remain unclear because its effects have not been quantitatively described. We systematically surveyed the published literature and used social network analysis to measure interdisciplinarity in One Health (...) these communities increased through time in terms of author number, diversity of co-author affiliations, and diversity of citations. However, communities continue to differ in the systems studied, questions asked, and methods employed. While the infectious disease research community has made significant progress toward integrating its participating disciplines, some segregation--especially along the veterinary/ecological research interface--remains.

2016 PLoS biology

134. Closing the Racial Discipline Gap in Classrooms by Changing Teacher Practice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Closing the Racial Discipline Gap in Classrooms by Changing Teacher Practice Black students are issued school discipline sanctions at rates higher than members of other racial and ethnic groups, underscoring the need for professional development that addresses this gap. In 86 secondary classrooms, a randomized controlled trial examined the effects of a 2-year teacher coaching program, My Teaching Partner Secondary (MTP-S). Results from the second year of coaching and the year after coaching (...) was discontinued replicated previous findings from the first year of coaching-intervention teachers had no significant disparities in discipline referral between Black students and their classmates, compared to teachers in the control condition, for whom racial discipline gaps remained. Thus, MTP-S effects were replicated in the second year of coaching and maintained when coaching was withdrawn. Mediational analyses identified mechanisms for these effects; Black students had a low probability of receiving

2016 School psychology review Controlled trial quality: uncertain

135. This month in the journal: cardiology and other disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

This month in the journal: cardiology and other disciplines 27282670 2018 08 07 2018 10 23 2149-2271 16 6 2016 06 Anatolian journal of cardiology Anatol J Cardiol This month in the journal: cardiology and other disciplines. 369 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.06 Öngen Zeki Z Department of Cardiology, İstanbul University, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul-Turkey. z_ongen@yahoo.com.tr. eng Editorial Comment Turkey Anatol J Cardiol 101652981 2149-2263 Anatol J Cardiol. 2016 Sep;16(9):647

2016 Anatolian journal of cardiology

136. Hotspotting sepsis: applying analytic tools from other disciplines to eliminate disparities Full Text available with Trip Pro

Hotspotting sepsis: applying analytic tools from other disciplines to eliminate disparities 27569126 2016 08 29 2018 11 13 2305-5839 4 15 2016 Aug Annals of translational medicine Ann Transl Med Hotspotting sepsis: applying analytic tools from other disciplines to eliminate disparities. 295 10.21037/atm.2016.07.19 Holder Andre L AL Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA ; Wallace David J DJ Department

2016 Annals of Translational Medicine

137. Environmental Adversity and Children’s Early Trajectories of Problem Behavior: The Role of Harsh Parental Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Environmental Adversity and Children’s Early Trajectories of Problem Behavior: The Role of Harsh Parental Discipline This study was performed to examine the role of harsh parental discipline in mediating and moderating the effects of environmental adversity (family socioeconomic disadvantage and adverse life events) on emotional and behavioral problems across early-to-middle childhood. The sample included 16,916 children (48% female; 24% non-White) from the U.K.'s Millennium Cohort Study. We (...) analyzed trajectories of conduct, hyperactivity, and emotional problems, measured at ages 3, 5, and 7 years, using growth curve models. Harsh parental discipline was measured at these ages with parent-reported items on the frequency of using the physical and verbal discipline tactics of smacking, shouting at, and "telling off" the child. As expected, family socioeconomic disadvantage and adverse life events were significantly associated with emotional and behavioral problems. Harsh parental discipline

2016 Journal of Family Psychology

138. The evolution of research collaboration within and across disciplines in Italian Academia Full Text available with Trip Pro

The evolution of research collaboration within and across disciplines in Italian Academia In sociology of science much attention is dedicated to the study of scientific networks, especially to co-authorship and citations in publications. Other trends of research have investigated the advantages, limits, performances and difficulties of interdisciplinary research, which is increasingly advocated by the main lines of public research funding. This paper explores the dynamics of interdisciplinary (...) might have affected disciplinary and interdisciplinary collaboration. We also want to cluster the similarities and differences of the amount of disciplinary and interdisciplinary collaboration across scientific disciplines, and see if it changes over time. Finally, we want to see if interdisciplinary projects receive an increasing share of funding compared to their disciplinary bounded counterparts. Our results indicate that while interdisciplinary research diminishes along the years, potentially

2016 Scientometrics

139. An analysis of the titles of papers submitted to the UK REF in 2014: authors, disciplines, and stylistic details Full Text available with Trip Pro

An analysis of the titles of papers submitted to the UK REF in 2014: authors, disciplines, and stylistic details In 2014 over 52,000 academics submitted >155,500 journal articles in 36 different disciplines for assessment in the UK's four-year Research Evaluation Framework (the REF). In this paper the characteristics of the titles of these papers are assessed. Although these varied considerably between the disciplines, the main findings were that: (i) the lengths of the titles increased (...) with the number of authors in almost all disciplines, (ii) the use of colons and question marks tended to decline with increasing author numbers-although there were a few disciplines, such as economics, where the reverse was evident, (iii) papers published later on in the 4-year period tended to have more authors than those published earlier, and (iv), in some disciplines, the numbers of subsequent citations to papers were higher when the titles were shorter and when they employed colons but lower when

2016 Scientometrics

140. Laboratory Notes From Behavioral Pharmacologists and Trainees: Considerations for the Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Laboratory Notes From Behavioral Pharmacologists and Trainees: Considerations for the Discipline In several laboratory meetings, we discussed the challenges that face trainees in behavioral pharmacology. Major concerns, such as a difficult funding climate and limited academic job prospects were discussed at first. However, we decided to concentrate on ways to meet these challenges; versus focusing on negatives and listing gripes. Within this more constructive framework, we identified

2016 Behavior analysis (Washington, D.C.)

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