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121. What can we learn on public accountability from non-health disciplines: a meta-narrative review. (PubMed)

What can we learn on public accountability from non-health disciplines: a meta-narrative review. In health, accountability has since long been acknowledged as a central issue, but it remains an elusive concept. The literature on accountability spans various disciplines and research traditions, with differing interpretations. There has been little transfer of ideas and concepts from other disciplines to public health and global health. In the frame of a study of accountability of (international

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2016 BMJ open

122. Phytogeographic and genetic variation in Sorbus, a traditional antidiabetic medicine—adaptation in action in both a plant and a discipline (PubMed)

Phytogeographic and genetic variation in Sorbus, a traditional antidiabetic medicine—adaptation in action in both a plant and a discipline Mountain ash (Sorbus decora and S. americana) is used by the Cree Nation of the James Bay region of Quebec (Eeyou Istchee) as traditional medicine. Its potential as an antidiabetic medicine is thought to vary across its geographical range, yet little is known about the factors that affect its antioxidant capacity. Here, we examined metabolite gene

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2016 PeerJ

123. Differences in Collaboration Patterns across Discipline, Career Stage, and Gender (PubMed)

Differences in Collaboration Patterns across Discipline, Career Stage, and Gender Collaboration plays an increasingly important role in promoting research productivity and impact. What remains unclear is whether female and male researchers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) disciplines differ in their collaboration propensity. Here, we report on an empirical analysis of the complete publication records of 3,980 faculty members in six STEM disciplines at select U.S (...) for gender segregation in some sub-disciplines in molecular biology, in particular in genomics where we find female faculty to be clearly under-represented.

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2016 PLoS biology

124. Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India (PubMed)

Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India Human rights and mental health care of vulnerable population need supportive legislations and policies. Both "hard" and "soft" laws relevant to mental health care have been devised internationally and locally. Amendments in laws and the formulation of new laws are often required and have been seen to occur in the area of mental health care in India. So far, reform in mental

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2016 Indian journal of psychiatry

125. Environmental Adversity and Children’s Early Trajectories of Problem Behavior: The Role of Harsh Parental Discipline (PubMed)

Environmental Adversity and Children’s Early Trajectories of Problem Behavior: The Role of Harsh Parental Discipline This study was performed to examine the role of harsh parental discipline in mediating and moderating the effects of environmental adversity (family socioeconomic disadvantage and adverse life events) on emotional and behavioral problems across early-to-middle childhood. The sample included 16,916 children (48% female; 24% non-White) from the U.K.'s Millennium Cohort Study. We (...) analyzed trajectories of conduct, hyperactivity, and emotional problems, measured at ages 3, 5, and 7 years, using growth curve models. Harsh parental discipline was measured at these ages with parent-reported items on the frequency of using the physical and verbal discipline tactics of smacking, shouting at, and "telling off" the child. As expected, family socioeconomic disadvantage and adverse life events were significantly associated with emotional and behavioral problems. Harsh parental discipline

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2016 Journal of Family Psychology

126. Viral immunology: reunion of the conjoined twins disciplines (PubMed)

Viral immunology: reunion of the conjoined twins disciplines 26658640 2016 09 27 2018 11 13 2042-0226 13 1 2016 Jan Cellular & molecular immunology Cell. Mol. Immunol. Viral immunology: reunion of the conjoined twins disciplines. 1-2 10.1038/cmi.2015.94 Yang Chi-Chiang CC Department of Clinical Laboratory, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40201. School of Medical Laboratory and Biotechnology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201. Email: cyang@csmu.edu.tw. eng Editorial

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2016 Cellular and Molecular Immunology

127. Variation in Acceptable Child Discipline Practices by Child Age: Perceptions of Community Norms by Medical and Legal Professionals (PubMed)

Variation in Acceptable Child Discipline Practices by Child Age: Perceptions of Community Norms by Medical and Legal Professionals Mandated child abuse reporters may judge specific disciplinary practices as unacceptable for young children, whereas child law professionals arbitrating allegations may be less inclusive. Do the views of these groups diverge, by child age, regarding discipline? Judgments of community norms across a wide range of children's ages were obtained from 380 medical

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2016 Behavioral sciences & the law

128. Persistence and adherence in multiple sclerosis patients starting glatiramer acetate treatment: assessment of relationship with care received from multiple disciplines (PubMed)

Persistence and adherence in multiple sclerosis patients starting glatiramer acetate treatment: assessment of relationship with care received from multiple disciplines In multiple sclerosis patients, the persistence of, and adherence to, disease-modifying treatment are often insufficient. The degree of persistence and adherence may relate to the care received from various disciplines.In an observational study of 203 patients treated with glatiramer acetate 20 mg subcutaneous daily, we assess (...) the persistence and adherence in relation to the amount of care received in various disciplines. The frequencies and durations of care per discipline were reported by patients online, as were missed doses and eventual treatment discontinuation. The associations between the care provided by neurologists, nurses, psychologists, pharmacists, and rehabilitative doctors and persistence and adherence were the primary outcomes; the associations between care received from general practitioners, occupational

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2016 Patient preference and adherence

129. Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines (PubMed)

Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines Many fields face an increasing prevalence of multi-authorship, and this poses challenges in assessing citation metrics. Here, we explore multiple citation indicators that address total impact (number of citations, Hirsch H index [H]), co-authorship adjustment (Schreiber Hm index [Hm]), and author order (total citations to papers as single; single or first; or single, first, or last author). We demonstrate

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2016 PLoS biology

130. This month in the journal: cardiology and other disciplines (PubMed)

This month in the journal: cardiology and other disciplines 27282670 2018 08 07 2018 10 23 2149-2271 16 6 2016 06 Anatolian journal of cardiology Anatol J Cardiol This month in the journal: cardiology and other disciplines. 369 10.14744/AnatolJCardiol.2016.06 Öngen Zeki Z Department of Cardiology, İstanbul University, Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul-Turkey. z_ongen@yahoo.com.tr. eng Editorial Comment Turkey Anatol J Cardiol 101652981 2149-2263 Anatol J Cardiol. 2016 Sep;16(9):647

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2016 Anatolian journal of cardiology

131. Hotspotting sepsis: applying analytic tools from other disciplines to eliminate disparities (PubMed)

Hotspotting sepsis: applying analytic tools from other disciplines to eliminate disparities 27569126 2016 08 29 2018 11 13 2305-5839 4 15 2016 Aug Annals of translational medicine Ann Transl Med Hotspotting sepsis: applying analytic tools from other disciplines to eliminate disparities. 295 10.21037/atm.2016.07.19 Holder Andre L AL Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30307, USA ; Wallace David J DJ Department

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2016 Annals of Translational Medicine

132. Learner : preceptor ratios for practice-based learning across health disciplines: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Learner : preceptor ratios for practice-based learning across health disciplines: a systematic review. Practice-based learning is a cornerstone of developing clinical and professional competence in health disciplines. Practice-based learning systems have many interacting components, but a key facet is the number of learners per preceptor. Different learner : preceptor ratios may have unique benefits and pose unique challenges for participants. This is the first comprehensive systematic review

2016 Medical education

133. Harsh discipline relates to internalizing problems and cognitive functioning: findings from a cross-sectional study with school children in Tanzania. (PubMed)

Harsh discipline relates to internalizing problems and cognitive functioning: findings from a cross-sectional study with school children in Tanzania. Child maltreatment poses a risk to children and adolescents' mental health and may also affect cognitive functioning. Also harsh discipline has been frequently associated with mental health problems. However, within societies in which harsh disciplinary methods are culturally normed and highly prevalent less is known about the association between (...) harsh punishment, mental health problems, and cognitive functioning.In a cross-sectional study, we conducted structured clinical interviews with a sample of Tanzanian primary school students assessing exposure to harsh discipline (Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure), internalizing problems (Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire, Children's Depression Inventory), and working memory (Corsi Blocktapping Task). School performance was measured by using the exam grades in 4 core subjects

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2016 BMC Psychiatry

134. Rethinking the role and impact of health information technology: informatics as an interventional discipline. (PubMed)

Rethinking the role and impact of health information technology: informatics as an interventional discipline. Recent advances in the adoption and use of health information technology (HIT) have had a dramatic impact on the practice of medicine. In many environments, this has led to the ability to achieve new efficiencies and levels of safety. In others, the impact has been less positive, and is associated with both: 1) workflow and user experience dissatisfaction; and 2) perceptions of missed

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2016 Medical Informatics and Decision Making

135. Efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline in Twin Families (VIPP-Twins): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline in Twin Families (VIPP-Twins): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Intervention programs with the aim of enhancing parenting quality have been found to be differentially effective in decreasing negative child outcomes such as externalizing behavioral problems, resulting in modest overall effect sizes. Here we present the protocol for a randomized controlled trial to examine (...) the efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline for Twin Families (VIPP-Twins) on parenting quality and children's behavioral control and social competence. In addition, we aim to test the differential susceptibility theory; we examine differential efficacy of the intervention based on genetic make-up or temperament for both parents and children. Lastly, we explore neurobiological mechanisms underlying intervention effects on children's developmental

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2016 BMC psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

136. Closing the Racial Discipline Gap in Classrooms by Changing Teacher Practice (PubMed)

Closing the Racial Discipline Gap in Classrooms by Changing Teacher Practice Black students are issued school discipline sanctions at rates higher than members of other racial and ethnic groups, underscoring the need for professional development that addresses this gap. In 86 secondary classrooms, a randomized controlled trial examined the effects of a 2-year teacher coaching program, My Teaching Partner Secondary (MTP-S). Results from the second year of coaching and the year after coaching (...) was discontinued replicated previous findings from the first year of coaching-intervention teachers had no significant disparities in discipline referral between Black students and their classmates, compared to teachers in the control condition, for whom racial discipline gaps remained. Thus, MTP-S effects were replicated in the second year of coaching and maintained when coaching was withdrawn. Mediational analyses identified mechanisms for these effects; Black students had a low probability of receiving

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2016 School psychology review Controlled trial quality: uncertain

137. Indirect Effects of the Fast Track Intervention on Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Distinct Pathways Involving Discipline and Warmth. (PubMed)

Indirect Effects of the Fast Track Intervention on Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Distinct Pathways Involving Discipline and Warmth. Little is known about intervening processes that explain how prevention programs improve particular youth antisocial outcomes. We examined whether parental harsh discipline and warmth in childhood differentially account for Fast Track intervention effects on conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and callous-unemotional (CU) traits in early (...) adolescence. Participants included 891 high-risk kindergarteners (69% male; 51% African American) from urban and rural United States communities who were randomized into either the Fast Track intervention (n = 445) or non-intervention control (n = 446) groups. The 10-year intervention included parent management training and other services (e.g., social skills training, universal classroom curriculum) targeting various risk factors for the development of conduct problems. Harsh discipline (Grades 1 to 3

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2016 Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

138. Laboratory Notes From Behavioral Pharmacologists and Trainees: Considerations for the Discipline (PubMed)

Laboratory Notes From Behavioral Pharmacologists and Trainees: Considerations for the Discipline In several laboratory meetings, we discussed the challenges that face trainees in behavioral pharmacology. Major concerns, such as a difficult funding climate and limited academic job prospects were discussed at first. However, we decided to concentrate on ways to meet these challenges; versus focusing on negatives and listing gripes. Within this more constructive framework, we identified

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2016 Behavior analysis (Washington, D.C.)

139. Completeness of main outcomes across randomized trials in entire discipline: survey of chronic lung disease outcomes in preterm infants. (PubMed)

Completeness of main outcomes across randomized trials in entire discipline: survey of chronic lung disease outcomes in preterm infants. To map the availability of information on a major clinical outcome--chronic lung disease--across the randomized controlled trials in systematic reviews of an entire specialty, specifically interventions in preterm infants.Survey of systematic reviews.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.All Cochrane systematic reviews (as of November 2013) that had

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2015 BMJ

140. Innovation as Discipline, Not Fad. (PubMed)

Innovation as Discipline, Not Fad. 26267619 2015 08 20 2015 08 13 1533-4406 373 7 2015 Aug 13 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Innovation as Discipline, Not Fad. 592-4 10.1056/NEJMp1506311 Asch David A DA From the Center for Health Care Innovation, University of Pennsylvania (D.A.A., R.R.), and the Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center (D.A.A.) - both in Philadelphia. Rosin Roy R eng Journal Article United States N Engl

2015 NEJM

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