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121. Laboratory Notes From Behavioral Pharmacologists and Trainees: Considerations for the Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Laboratory Notes From Behavioral Pharmacologists and Trainees: Considerations for the Discipline In several laboratory meetings, we discussed the challenges that face trainees in behavioral pharmacology. Major concerns, such as a difficult funding climate and limited academic job prospects were discussed at first. However, we decided to concentrate on ways to meet these challenges; versus focusing on negatives and listing gripes. Within this more constructive framework, we identified

2016 Behavior analysis (Washington, D.C.)

122. The evolution of research collaboration within and across disciplines in Italian Academia Full Text available with Trip Pro

The evolution of research collaboration within and across disciplines in Italian Academia In sociology of science much attention is dedicated to the study of scientific networks, especially to co-authorship and citations in publications. Other trends of research have investigated the advantages, limits, performances and difficulties of interdisciplinary research, which is increasingly advocated by the main lines of public research funding. This paper explores the dynamics of interdisciplinary (...) might have affected disciplinary and interdisciplinary collaboration. We also want to cluster the similarities and differences of the amount of disciplinary and interdisciplinary collaboration across scientific disciplines, and see if it changes over time. Finally, we want to see if interdisciplinary projects receive an increasing share of funding compared to their disciplinary bounded counterparts. Our results indicate that while interdisciplinary research diminishes along the years, potentially

2016 Scientometrics

123. Computational Cardiology — A New Discipline of Translational Research Full Text available with Trip Pro

Computational Cardiology — A New Discipline of Translational Research 27497711 2017 07 19 2018 12 02 2210-3244 14 4 2016 08 Genomics, proteomics & bioinformatics Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics Computational Cardiology - A New Discipline of Translational Research. 177-8 10.1016/j.gpb.2016.08.001 S1672-0229(16)30108-5 Meder Benjamin B Institute for Cardiomyopathies, Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; German Centre for Cardiovascular

2016 Genomics, proteomics & bioinformatics

124. An analysis of the titles of papers submitted to the UK REF in 2014: authors, disciplines, and stylistic details Full Text available with Trip Pro

An analysis of the titles of papers submitted to the UK REF in 2014: authors, disciplines, and stylistic details In 2014 over 52,000 academics submitted >155,500 journal articles in 36 different disciplines for assessment in the UK's four-year Research Evaluation Framework (the REF). In this paper the characteristics of the titles of these papers are assessed. Although these varied considerably between the disciplines, the main findings were that: (i) the lengths of the titles increased (...) with the number of authors in almost all disciplines, (ii) the use of colons and question marks tended to decline with increasing author numbers-although there were a few disciplines, such as economics, where the reverse was evident, (iii) papers published later on in the 4-year period tended to have more authors than those published earlier, and (iv), in some disciplines, the numbers of subsequent citations to papers were higher when the titles were shorter and when they employed colons but lower when

2016 Scientometrics

125. Correction: Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002501.].

2016 PLoS biology

126. Medical student knowledge of oncology and related disciplines: A targeted needs assessment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medical student knowledge of oncology and related disciplines: A targeted needs assessment Despite increasing numbers of cancer survivors, non-oncology physicians report discomfort and little training regarding oncologic and survivorship care. This pilot study assesses medical student comfort with medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiation oncology, hospice/palliative medicine, and survivorship care. A survey was developed with input from specialists in various fields of oncologic care

2016 Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education

127. Population, Reproductive, and Sexual Health: Data Are Essential Where Disciplines Meet and Ideologies Conflict Full Text available with Trip Pro

Population, Reproductive, and Sexual Health: Data Are Essential Where Disciplines Meet and Ideologies Conflict 27014671 2016 03 25 2018 11 13 2296-2565 4 2016 Frontiers in public health Front Public Health Population, Reproductive, and Sexual Health: Data Are Essential Where Disciplines Meet and Ideologies Conflict. 27 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00027 Stanford Joseph B JB Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; Department

2016 Frontiers in public health

128. Norwegian Priority Setting in Practice – an Analysis of Waiting Time Patterns Across Medical Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Norwegian Priority Setting in Practice – an Analysis of Waiting Time Patterns Across Medical Disciplines Different strategies for addressing the challenge of prioritizing elective patients efficiently and fairly have been introduced in Norway. In the time period studied, there were three possible outcomes for elective patients that had been through the process of priority setting: (i) high priority with assigned individual maximum waiting time; (ii) low priority without a maximum waiting time (...) waiting times and the actual ones were analyzed using standard Kernel density estimation. The perspective of the planning process was studied by measuring the time interval between the actual start of healthcare and the maximum waiting time.Considerable variation was found across medical specialties concerning proportion of priority patients and their maximum waiting times. The degree of differentiation in terms of maximum waiting times also varied by medical discipline. We found that the actual

2016 International journal of health policy and management

129. Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare Full Text available with Trip Pro

Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare 27077827 2016 12 26 2018 11 13 2045-7723 39 2 2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine J Spinal Cord Med Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare. 126 10.1080/10790268.2016.1156302 Hough Sigmund S a Department of Psychiatry , Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA. eng Editorial 2016 03 24 England J Spinal Cord Med 9504452

2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine

130. Is the use of physical discipline associated with aggressive behaviors in young children? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Is the use of physical discipline associated with aggressive behaviors in young children? To determine the association between use of physical discipline and parental report of physically aggressive child behaviors in a cohort of young children who were without indicators of current or past physical abuse.The data for this study were analyzed from an initial cohort of patients enrolled in a prospective, observational, multicenter pediatric emergency department-based study investigating bruising (...) in the data. Inter-rater reliability of the coding process was evaluated using the kappa statistic. Descriptive statistics were calculated and multiple logistic regression modeling was performed.Three hundred seventy-two parental interviews were conducted. Parents who reported using physical discipline were 2.8 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7-4.5) times more likely to report aggressive child behaviors of hitting/kicking and throwing. Physical discipline was used on 38% of children overall, and was 2.4

2016 Academic pediatrics

131. Geriatric Cardiology: An Emerging Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Geriatric Cardiology: An Emerging Discipline Given changing demographics, patients with cardiovascular (CV) disease in developed countries are now older and more complex than even a decade ago. This trend is expected to continue into the foreseeable future; accordingly, cardiologists are encountering patients with a greater number of comorbid illnesses as well as "geriatric conditions," such as cognitive impairment and frailty, which complicate management and influence outcomes. Simultaneously (...) , technological advances have widened the therapeutic options available for patients, including those with the most advanced CV disease. In the setting of these changes, geriatric cardiology has recently emerged as a discipline that aims to adapt principles from geriatric medicine to everyday cardiology practice. Accordingly, the tasks of a "geriatric cardiologist" may include both traditional evidence-based CV management plus comprehensive geriatric assessment, medication reduction, team-based coordination

2016 The Canadian journal of cardiology

132. Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science Full Text available with Trip Pro

Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science 26959265 2016 07 26 2018 11 13 1541-0048 106 4 2016 Apr American journal of public health Am J Public Health Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science. 633-4 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303101 Keyes Katherine M KM Katherine M. Keyes is with the Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, NY. Sandro Galea is Dean and Professor, School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA. Galea Sandro S

2016 American Journal of Public Health

133. Effect of Sex and Sporting Discipline on LV Adaptation to Exercise. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Sex and Sporting Discipline on LV Adaptation to Exercise. This study sought to investigate the effect of different types of exercise on left ventricular (LV) geometry in a large group of female and male athletes.Studies assessing cardiac adaptation in female and male athletes indicate that female athletes reveal smaller increases in LV wall thickness and cavity size compared with male athletes. However, data on sex-specific changes in LV geometry in athletes are scarce.A total (...) /increased RWT).Athletes were engaged in 40 different sporting disciplines with similar participation rates with respect to the type of exercise between females and males. Females exhibited lower LVM (83 ± 17 g/m2 vs. 101 ± 21 g/m2; p < 0.001) and RWT (0.35 ± 0.05 vs. 0.36 ± 0.05; p < 0.001) compared with male athletes. Females also demonstrated lower absolute LV dimensions (49 ± 4 mm vs. 54 ± 5 mm; p < 0.001) but following correction for body surface area, the indexed LV dimensions were greater

2016 JACC. Cardiovascular imaging

134. Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral Training in Global Health Through a Novel Joint Project for Trainees from Diverse Disciplines: Benefits, Risks, and Observations. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral Training in Global Health Through a Novel Joint Project for Trainees from Diverse Disciplines: Benefits, Risks, and Observations. Postdoctoral training programs are usually highly individualized arrangements between trainees and a limited number of senior mentors in their field, an approach that contrasts with current trends in public health education that promote interdisciplinary training to spur innovation. Herein, we describe an alternative model (...) for postdoctoral training for a group of fellows from distinct disciplines. Fellows work with mentors from diverse fields to create a joint research project or a group of complementary projects, with the goal of developing a new device, intervention, or innovation to address a global health problem. The perceived benefits, challenges, and limitations of this team approach to interdisciplinary postdoctoral training are presented.

2016 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

135. Socioeconomic Gaps in Parents' Discipline Strategies From 1988 to 2011. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Socioeconomic Gaps in Parents' Discipline Strategies From 1988 to 2011. The prevalence of corporal punishment is high in the United States despite a 1998 American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement urging against its use. The current study tests whether the socioeconomic difference in its use by parents has changed over the past quarter century. It goes on to test whether socioeconomic differences in the use of nonphysical discipline have also changed over time.Data are drawn from 4 (...) national studies conducted between 1988 and 2011. Each asked how often a kindergarten-aged child was spanked in the past week and what the parents would do if the child misbehaved, with physical discipline, time-out, and talking to child as possible responses. We use regression models to estimate parents' responses to these questions at the 90th, 50th, and 10th percentiles of the income and education distributions and t tests to compare estimates across cohorts.The proportion of mothers at the 50th

2016 Pediatrics

136. Asthma prevalence in German Olympic athletes: A comparison of winter and summer sport disciplines. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Asthma prevalence in German Olympic athletes: A comparison of winter and summer sport disciplines. Prevalence of asthma in elite athletes shows very wide ranges. It remains unclear to what extent this is influenced by the competition season (winter vs. summer) or the ventilation rate achieved during competition. The aim of this study was to evaluate prevalence of asthma in German elite winter and summer athletes from a wide range of sport disciplines and to identify high risk groups.In total

2016 Respiratory medicine

137. Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents. Growing suspension rates predict major negative life outcomes, including adult incarceration and unemployment. Experiment 1 tested whether teachers (n = 39) could be encouraged to adopt an empathic rather than punitive mindset about discipline-to value students' perspectives and sustain positive relationships while encouraging better behavior. Experiment 2 tested whether an empathic response (...) to misbehavior would sustain students' (n = 302) respect for teachers and motivation to behave well in class. These hypotheses were confirmed. Finally, a randomized field experiment tested a brief, online intervention to encourage teachers to adopt an empathic mindset about discipline. Evaluated at five middle schools in three districts (Nteachers = 31; Nstudents = 1,682), this intervention halved year-long student suspension rates from 9.6% to 4.8%. It also bolstered respect the most at-risk students

2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

138. Indirect Effects of the Fast Track Intervention on Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Distinct Pathways Involving Discipline and Warmth. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Indirect Effects of the Fast Track Intervention on Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Distinct Pathways Involving Discipline and Warmth. Little is known about intervening processes that explain how prevention programs improve particular youth antisocial outcomes. We examined whether parental harsh discipline and warmth in childhood differentially account for Fast Track intervention effects on conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and callous-unemotional (CU) traits in early (...) adolescence. Participants included 891 high-risk kindergarteners (69% male; 51% African American) from urban and rural United States communities who were randomized into either the Fast Track intervention (n = 445) or non-intervention control (n = 446) groups. The 10-year intervention included parent management training and other services (e.g., social skills training, universal classroom curriculum) targeting various risk factors for the development of conduct problems. Harsh discipline (Grades 1 to 3

2016 Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

139. What can we learn on public accountability from non-health disciplines: a meta-narrative review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

What can we learn on public accountability from non-health disciplines: a meta-narrative review. In health, accountability has since long been acknowledged as a central issue, but it remains an elusive concept. The literature on accountability spans various disciplines and research traditions, with differing interpretations. There has been little transfer of ideas and concepts from other disciplines to public health and global health. In the frame of a study of accountability of (international

2016 BMJ open

140. Health informatics and analytics - building a program to integrate business analytics across clinical and administrative disciplines. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Health informatics and analytics - building a program to integrate business analytics across clinical and administrative disciplines. Health care organizations must develop integrated health information systems to respond to the numerous government mandates driving the movement toward reimbursement models emphasizing value-based and accountable care. Success in this transition requires integrated data analytics, supported by the combination of health informatics, interoperability, business

2016 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

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