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12741. The Canadian Urology Fair: a model for minimizing the financial and academic costs of the residency selection process (PubMed)

time away from medical training for applicants and faculty.Both candidates and Canadian urology training programs were surveyed regarding the financial and academic costs (days absent) of attending the 2001 Urology Fair. Data from the 2001 Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) was used to compare the financial and academic costs of attending personal interviews incurred by candidates declaring urology as their first-choice discipline to candidates interviewing with other surgical specialties (...) throughout Canada.Financial costs incurred by candidates to attend the Urology Fair (mean Can dollar 367) were significantly lower than candidates' estimated costs of attending on-site interviews at the individual programs (mean Can dollar 2065). The financial costs of attending personal interviews by CaRMS applicants declaring urology as their first-choice discipline (mean Can dollar 2002) were significantly lower than the costs incurred by applicants interviewing with other surgical disciplines (mean

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2003 Canadian Journal of Surgery

12742. Effectiveness of an Applied Microbiology Course Specifically Designed for Chemical Engineering Majors (PubMed)

Effectiveness of an Applied Microbiology Course Specifically Designed for Chemical Engineering Majors In recent years, the disciplines of microbiology and chemical engineering have developed an increasing convergence. To meet the needs of their future employers, today's chemical engineering students must receive some background in microbiology. This report describes the development and content of "Biological Systems and Applications," a novel course specifically designed to provide basic

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2003 Microbiology Education

12743. The immediate psychological and occupational impact of the 2003 SARS outbreak in a teaching hospital (PubMed)

workers as patients and colleagues was emotionally difficult. Uncertainty and stigmatization were prominent themes for both staff and patients.The hospital's response required clear communication, sensitivity to individual responses to stress, collaboration between disciplines, authoritative leadership and provision of relevant support. The emotional and behavioural reactions of patients and staff are understood to be a normal, adaptive response to stress in the face of an overwhelming event.

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2003 CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal

12744. What New Knowledge Would Help Policymakers Better Balance Investments for Optimal Health Outcomes? (PubMed)

What New Knowledge Would Help Policymakers Better Balance Investments for Optimal Health Outcomes? Review the limitations in cross-sectoral health outcomes research and suggest a future research agenda. DATA SOURCES, STUDY DESIGN, DATA COLLECTION: Literature review and workshop discussion.The research evidence that would aid public and private policy makers in answering the question the title poses is quite limited.Much more evidence from diverse disciplines is needed, and key areas

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2003 Health Services Research

12745. A Social-Medical Approach to Violence in Colombia (PubMed)

A Social-Medical Approach to Violence in Colombia Violence is the main public health problem in Colombia. Many theoretical and methodological approaches to solving this problem have been attempted from different disciplines. My past work has focused on homicide violence from the perspective of social medicine. In this article I present the main conceptual and methodological aspects and the chief findings of my research over the past 15 years. Findings include a quantitative description

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2003 American Journal of Public Health

12747. Medical audit data: counting is not enough. (PubMed)

records and prompted a re-examination of everyone's role in collecting data. After the year's audit there was still a 17% shortfall compared with the district's patient administration system, though some of this was accounted for by a backlog of work.It is difficult to ensure adequate data collection and entails everyone in an unfamiliar discipline. Connecting the audit system to the patient administration system would help. Despite the limitations of crude analyses of workload and complications rates

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1990 BMJ : British Medical Journal

12748. Short Course in Psychiatric Emergencies and Crisis Intervention (PubMed)

Short Course in Psychiatric Emergencies and Crisis Intervention Faculty of the Discipline of Family Medicine at Memorial University of Newfoundland saw a need to improve the teaching to residents in the management of psychiatric emergencies and in crisis intervention. A short course, entitled "Psychiatric Emergencies and Crisis Intervention" (PEACI), was developed around the common psychiatric emergencies that family physicians encounter. The elements of this course included a pre-test and post

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1990 Canadian Family Physician

12749. Continuous assessment of performance in External Quality Assessment Schemes. (PubMed)

. Although most results are recorded as Deviation Indices, the system is flexible and can be used to present other performance variables, such as Percentage Deviations and relevant textual information relating to interpretative assessments. It is therefore readily adaptable for use by other pathology disciplines.

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1991 Journal of Clinical Pathology

12750. Survey of state public health departments on procedures for reporting elder abuse. (PubMed)

in the reporting process, and (c) the development of procedures, such as written materials or training curriculum, to assist health personnel with the reporting responsibilities. The study was carried out between April and October 1989. A brief questionnaire was mailed to State health department directors. All 50 States responded, although the respondents represented varying disciplines and staff responsibilities within the health departments or were from agencies that the State had designated to investigate

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1991 Public Health Reports

12751. Medical informatics and clinical decision making: the science and the pragmatics. (PubMed)

Medical informatics and clinical decision making: the science and the pragmatics. There are important scientific and pragmatic synergies between the medical decision making field and the emerging discipline of medical informatics. In the 1970s, the field of medicine forced clinically oriented artificial intelligence (AI) researchers to develop ways to manage explicit statements of uncertainty in expert systems. Classic probability theory was considered and discussed, but it tended

1992 Medical Decision Making

12752. Pain interventions with children: a meta-analysis of research. (PubMed)

Pain interventions with children: a meta-analysis of research. A meta-analysis of 27 studies on pain management interventions with children was conducted using two decades of research reported in five disciplines. One-fifth of these studies were in the nursing literature and 78% were published since 1979. Two complementary methods of calculating the effectiveness of pain management interventions were used for each of three outcome categories. Fisher's Combined test procedure was used to combine

1989 Nursing research

12753. Systems analysis of schools of allied health using Leavitt's Organizational Model: a meta-analysis. (PubMed)

Systems analysis of schools of allied health using Leavitt's Organizational Model: a meta-analysis. Schools of allied health are relative newcomers to the formal academic setting. Consequently, these new academic units are particularly vulnerable to external threats to survival as they struggle to achieve acceptance by faculty and administrators in the traditional disciplines. This paper describes an application of Leavitt's Organizational Model for systems analysis of schools of allied health

1986 Journal of allied health

12754. Decision points in the integrative research review process: a flow-chart approach. (PubMed)

Decision points in the integrative research review process: a flow-chart approach. With the ever increasing volume of research information appearing in the literature, research syntheses are becoming more popular among researchers in various disciplines. This phenomenon demands application of rigorous and systematic review methodologies. Using Cooper's five-stage process for conducting an integrative research review, the authors have constructed a flow chart for health sciences librarians

1991 Medical reference services quarterly

12755. Efficacy of multidisciplinary pain treatment centers: a meta-analytic review. (PubMed)

Efficacy of multidisciplinary pain treatment centers: a meta-analytic review. Sixty-five studies that evaluated the efficacy of multidisciplinary treatments for chronic back pain were included in a meta-analysis. Within- and between-group effect sizes revealed that multidisciplinary treatments for chronic pain are superior to no treatment, waiting list, as well as single-discipline treatments such as medical treatment or physical therapy. Moreover, the effects appeared to be stable over time

1992 Pain

12756. The proof of the pudding: an illustration of the relative strengths of null hypothesis, meta-analysis, and Bayesian analysis. (PubMed)

The proof of the pudding: an illustration of the relative strengths of null hypothesis, meta-analysis, and Bayesian analysis. Some methodologists have recently suggested that scientific psychology's over-reliance on null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) impedes the progress of the discipline. In response, a number of defenders have maintained that NHST continues to play a vital role in psychological research. Both sides of the argument to date have been presented abstractly. The authors

2000 Psychological methods

12757. Motivation for health behaviours: a systematic review of the nursing literature. (PubMed)

be verified until psychometric research advances current measurement of motivation to a higher level. LIMITATIONS; The literature for this review was accessed through the Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) database. Databases for other disciplines were not included in this search. This work represents a first step towards understanding motivation for health behaviour as it is currently defined in the literature. Future studies are necessary to broaden this understanding

2002 Journal of advanced nursing

12758. A comprehensive meta-analysis of the predictive validity of the graduate record examinations: implications for graduate student selection and performance. (PubMed)

A comprehensive meta-analysis of the predictive validity of the graduate record examinations: implications for graduate student selection and performance. This meta-analysis examined the validity of the Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) and undergraduate grade point average (UGPA) as predictors of graduate school performance. The study included samples from multiple disciplines, considered different criterion measures, and corrected for statistical artifacts. Data from 1,753 independent

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2001 Psychological Bulletin

12759. Psycho-spiritual well-being in patients with advanced cancer: an integrative review of the literature. (PubMed)

was read, critiqued and systematically assessed for purpose statement or research questions, study design, sample size, characteristics of the subjects, measurement of independent and dependent variables, sample attrition, method of data analysis and results. Major themes and findings were identified for each of the studies.Psycho-spiritual well-being is an area of interest to researchers all over the world. Retrieved studies had been conducted in 14 countries by researchers in a variety of disciplines

2003 Journal of advanced nursing

12760. Corporal punishment by parents and associated child behaviors and experiences: a meta-analytic and theoretical review. (PubMed)

Corporal punishment by parents and associated child behaviors and experiences: a meta-analytic and theoretical review. Although the merits of parents using corporal punishment to discipline children have been argued for decades, a thorough understanding of whether and how corporal punishment affects children has not been reached. Toward this end, the author first presents the results of meta-analyses of the association between parental corporal punishment and 11 child behaviors and experiences

2002 Psychological Bulletin

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