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12601. International perspectives on general internal medicine and the case for "globalization" of a discipline. Full Text available with Trip Pro

International perspectives on general internal medicine and the case for "globalization" of a discipline. General internal medicine (GIM) has flourished in the United States (U.S.). Unlike other subspecialties of internal medicine, however, GIM's evolution has not been global in scope, but rather appears to have occurred in isolation within countries. Here, we describe international models of GIM from Canada, Switzerland, Australia/New Zealand, Argentina, and Japan, and compare

2006 Journal of General Internal Medicine

12602. Disciplinary action against physicians: who is likely to get disciplined? (Abstract)

Disciplinary action against physicians: who is likely to get disciplined? We sought to determine the characteristics of disciplined physicians at-large and the risk of disciplinary action over time and to report the type and frequency of complaints and the nature of disciplinary actions against allopathic physicians in Oklahoma.Descriptive statistics, Kaplan-Meier analysis, and Cox proportional hazards modeling of publicly available data on physicians licensed by the Oklahoma Board of Medical (...) Licensure and Supervision.Among 14,314 currently or previously licensed physicians, 396 (2.8%) had been disciplined. Using univariate proportional hazards analysis, men (P <0.04), non-whites (P < 0.001), non-board-certified physicians (P < 0.001), and those in family medicine (P < 0.001), psychiatry (P < 0.001), general practice (P < 0.001), obstetrics-gynecology (P < 0.03) and emergency medicine (P < 0.001) were found to be at greater risk of being disciplined than other medical specialty groups

2005 American Journal of Medicine

12603. Disciplining the feminine: the reproduction of gender contradictions in the mental health care of women with eating disorders. (Abstract)

Disciplining the feminine: the reproduction of gender contradictions in the mental health care of women with eating disorders. This paper provides insights into the way gendered assumptions operate within health care interventions for women with eating disorders. A multidisciplinary sample of Australian health care workers were interviewed about their approaches to treatment, and discourse analysis was used to uncover the discursive dynamics and power relations characterising their accounts

2006 Social Science & Medicine

12604. Ethnic differences in the link between physical discipline and later adolescent externalizing behaviors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ethnic differences in the link between physical discipline and later adolescent externalizing behaviors. Parents' use of physical discipline has generated controversy related to concerns that its use is associated with adjustment problems such as aggression and delinquency in children. However, recent evidence suggests that there are ethnic differences in associations between physical discipline and children's adjustment. This study examined race as a moderator of the link between physical (...) discipline and adolescent externalizing behavior problems, extending previous research beyond childhood into adolescence and considering physical discipline at multiple points in time.A representative community sample of 585 children was followed from pre-kindergarten (age 5) through grade 11 (age 16). Mothers reported on their use of physical discipline in the child's first five years of life and again during grades 6 (age 11) and 8 (age 13). Mothers and adolescents reported on a variety

2004 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

12605. Discipline and resistance: order and disorder in a cardiac rehabilitation clinic. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Discipline and resistance: order and disorder in a cardiac rehabilitation clinic. The author of this article offers an analysis of cardiac rehabilitation based on fieldwork conducted in two cardiac rehabilitation clinics. Disciplinary power is exercised through confessional, disciplinary, and surveillance technologies of cardiac rehabilitation. Through her analysis, the author shows how clients adhere to but also challenge agendas of rehabilitation. Transgressing, complaining about

2005 Qualitative Health Research

12606. Observations of shipboard illness behavior: work discipline and the sick role in a residential work setting. (Abstract)

Observations of shipboard illness behavior: work discipline and the sick role in a residential work setting. In this article, the author reports on a small-scale ethnographic study of illness behavior in a residential work setting, a large merchant cargo ship with a multinational crew. Although parallels with previous observational work on illness behavior in residential settings (where illnesses result in treatment only if there is a break in accommodation to symptoms) exist, it is clear

2005 Qualitative Health Research

12607. To discipline a "dog": the essential structure of mastering diabetes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

To discipline a "dog": the essential structure of mastering diabetes. In this article we describe the findings of a study in which the essential structure of mastering diabetes was explored from the patient's viewpoint, emphasizing the lived experience of adhering and not adhering to a complex treatment regimen for diabetes.

2008 Qualitative Health Research

12608. Trauma Surgery: Discipline in Crisis. (Abstract)

Trauma Surgery: Discipline in Crisis. Throughout the past quarter century, there have been slow but dramatic changes in the nature and practice of trauma surgery, and this field increasingly faces potent economic, logistic, political, and workforce challenges. Patients and emergency physicians have much to lose by this budding crisis in our partner discipline. This article reviews the specific issues confronting trauma surgery, their historical context, and the potential directions available (...) to this discipline. Implications of these issues for emergency physicians and for trauma care overall are discussed.

2008 Annals of Emergency Medicine

12609. Anesthesia and its allied disciplines in the developing world: a nationwide survey of the Republic of Zambia. (Abstract)

Anesthesia and its allied disciplines in the developing world: a nationwide survey of the Republic of Zambia. Many surgical interventions worldwide are performed in developing countries. To improve survival of acutely and critically ill patients in these countries, basic problems and demands of anesthesia care need to be identified. Using this survey, we evaluated the current status of anesthesia and its allied disciplines (intensive care medicine, emergency medicine, and pain therapy

2008 Anesthesia and Analgesia

12610. Report of working group 3: specialist training and continuing medical education/professional development in the infection disciplines. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Report of working group 3: specialist training and continuing medical education/professional development in the infection disciplines. The European Union of Medical Specialists (UEMS) core curricula for training in infectious diseases and medical microbiology are adequate with the exception of one deficiency which is the absence of training in epidemiology, public health and infection control. Infectious disease curricula should include training in HIV, tuberculosis, hepatitis and sexually

2005 Clinical Microbiology and Infection

12611. Effect of the sporting discipline on the right and left ventricular morphology and function of elite male track runners: a magnetic resonance imaging and phosphorus 31 spectroscopy study. (Abstract)

Effect of the sporting discipline on the right and left ventricular morphology and function of elite male track runners: a magnetic resonance imaging and phosphorus 31 spectroscopy study. Professional, long-term physical training is often associated with morphological and metabolic changes in the heart. This study was undertaken to assess the left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) morphology and function and the LV high-energy phosphates of athletes trained to a sustained power

2007 American Heart Journal

12612. Parental punitive discipline, negative life events and gene-environment interplay in the development of externalizing behavior. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Parental punitive discipline, negative life events and gene-environment interplay in the development of externalizing behavior. To investigate the extent to which three putative 'environmental' risk factors, maternal punitive discipline (MPD), paternal punitive discipline (PPD) and negative life events (NLEs), share genetic influences with, and moderate the heritability of, externalizing behavior.The sample consisted of 2647 participants, aged 12-19 years, from the G1219 and G1219Twins

2007 Psychological Medicine

12613. Predicting inept discipline: The role of parental depressive symptoms, anger, and attributions. (Abstract)

Predicting inept discipline: The role of parental depressive symptoms, anger, and attributions. Relations among parents' psychological difficulties (i.e., depressive symptoms, overt anger), dysfunctional attributions for child misbehavior, and inept discipline were investigated in a representative community sample of 451 mothers and 449 fathers. Depressive symptoms and anger were hypothesized to relate to discipline via their link with parents' attributions. Path analyses revealed

2006 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

12614. Mediated paths to over-reactive discipline: mothers' experienced emotion, appraisals, and physiological responses. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mediated paths to over-reactive discipline: mothers' experienced emotion, appraisals, and physiological responses. The present investigation was designed to evaluate whether mothers' emotion experience, autonomic reactivity, and negatively biased appraisals of their toddlers' behavior and toddlers' rates of misbehavior predicted over-reactive discipline in a mediated fashion. Ninety-three community mother-toddler dyads were observed in a laboratory interaction, after which mothers' emotion (...) experience and appraisals of their toddler's behavior were measured via a video-recall procedure. Autonomic physiology and over-reactive discipline were measured during the interactions. Mothers' negatively biased appraisals mediated the relation between emotion experience and over-reactive discipline. Heart rate reactivity predicted discipline independent of this mediation. Toddler misbehavior appeared to be an entry point into the above process. Interventions that more actively target physiological

2005 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

12615. Discipline in the African American community: the impact of socioeconomic status on beliefs and practices. (Abstract)

Discipline in the African American community: the impact of socioeconomic status on beliefs and practices. To describe and compare disciplinary beliefs and practices among African American parents from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds.A cross-sectional survey was conducted of self-identified African American parents of children <48 months of age at 2 ambulatory teaching clinics, 2 community health centers, and 3 private practices in Washington, DC, and the surrounding metropolitan area

2004 Pediatrics

12616. Parents' discipline of young children: results from the National Survey of Early Childhood Health. (Abstract)

Parents' discipline of young children: results from the National Survey of Early Childhood Health. To examine the use and predictors of different discipline practices by parents of very young children using data from the 2000 National Survey of Early Childhood Health (NSECH).NSECH is a nationally representative telephone survey of 2068 parents of young children between the ages of 4 and 35 months conducted by the National Center for Health Statistics. The survey includes questions about parents (...) ' use of 5 discipline practices: yelling, spanking, time out, toy removal, and explanations. chi2 analyses and logistic multivariate regression were used to examine associations between discipline practices and child, parent, and demographic factors.Among young children aged 19 to 35 months, frequent parental use of discipline strategies ranged from 26% (spanking) to 65% (taking away toy or treat), 67% (yelling), 70% (using time out), and 90% (providing explanations). In multivariate analyses, child

2004 Pediatrics

12617. Development of risk-based guidelines for pediatric cancer survivors: the Children's Oncology Group Long-Term Follow-Up Guidelines from the Children's Oncology Group Late Effects Committee and Nursing Discipline. (Abstract)

Development of risk-based guidelines for pediatric cancer survivors: the Children's Oncology Group Long-Term Follow-Up Guidelines from the Children's Oncology Group Late Effects Committee and Nursing Discipline. The Children's Oncology Group Long-Term Follow-Up Guidelines for Survivors of Childhood, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancers are risk-based, exposure-related clinical practice guidelines intended to promote earlier detection of and intervention for complications that may potentially (...) arise as a result of treatment for pediatric malignancies. Developed through the collaborative efforts of the Children's Oncology Group Late Effects Committee, Nursing Discipline, and Patient Advocacy Committee, these guidelines represent a statement of consensus from a multidisciplinary panel of experts in the late effects of pediatric cancer treatment. The guidelines are both evidence-based (utilizing established associations between therapeutic exposures and late effects to identify high-risk

2004 Journal of Clinical Oncology

12618. Complementary medicine and genetic medicine: polar disciplines or dynamic partners? (Abstract)

Complementary medicine and genetic medicine: polar disciplines or dynamic partners? For more than a decade, a powerful movement promoting the integration of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) and conventional medicine has evolved. Throughout the same period, there has been a monumental shift in the biologic sciences, and in perspectives on disease, resulting from advances in genetics. It is noteworthy, and perhaps not coincidental, that these "movements" have been occurring

2005 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

12619. The safety of office-based surgery: review of recent literature from several disciplines. (Abstract)

The safety of office-based surgery: review of recent literature from several disciplines. To review recent literature pertaining to adverse outcomes and mortality associated with office-based surgery.Representative articles from the general and plastic surgery, medical, health regulatory, and dermatology literature.Information regarding which surgical treatments should be performed, which specialties should perform them, what level of anesthesia is appropriate, and who should administer

2004 Archives of Dermatology

12620. Médecine familiale: la discipline de qui? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Médecine familiale: la discipline de qui? 21283307 2015 10 15 2011 02 01 0008-350X 29 1983 Feb Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician [Not Available]. 202 Christie R J RJ fre Journal Article Médecine familiale: la discipline de qui? Canada Can Fam Physician 0120300 0008-350X 2011 2 2 6 0 1983 2 1 0 0 1983 2 1 0 1 ppublish 21283307 PMC2153770

1983 Canadian Family Physician

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