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12521. Sperm pathology: a step beyond descriptive morphology. Origin, characterization and fertility potential of abnormal sperm phenotypes in infertile men. (Abstract)

Sperm pathology: a step beyond descriptive morphology. Origin, characterization and fertility potential of abnormal sperm phenotypes in infertile men. Sperm pathology is presented as the discipline of characterizing structural and functional deficiencies in abnormal spermatozoa. This concept complements that of sperm morphology mainly concerned with the appearance of spermatozoa. These two notions collaborate in providing correlations of prognostic value with sperm fertilizing capacity

2003 Human Reproduction Update

12522. Understanding the limitations of the journal impact factor. (Abstract)

or individual authors is inappropriate. Extension of the impact factor to cross-discipline journal comparison is also inappropriate. Those who choose to use the impact factor as a comparative tool should be aware of the nature and premise of its derivation and also of its inherent flaws and practical limitations.

2003 The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume

12523. Publication rates of abstracts presented at annual musculoskeletal tumor society meetings. (Abstract)

percent of these abstracts eventually were published in a peer-reviewed journal. It was determined that 137 abstracts were published for a publication rate of 41%. The average time between presentation at the meeting and publication was 21.8 plus or minus 13.5 months. The published articles appeared in 48 peer-reviewed journals. The rate of publication and time until publication was similar to other orthopaedic meetings and to other medical disciplines. Changes to the cohort, title, or authors

2003 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

12524. Curricular reform in musculoskeletal medicine: needs, opportunities, and solutions. Full Text available with Trip Pro

inadequate education is neither new nor necessarily unique among disciplines, the coming year or two, the beginning of the Bone and Joint decade, was seen to be a particularly auspicious time for attempting curricular reform.

2003 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

12525. Xerostomia: etiology, recognition and treatment. (Abstract)

and medical literature during the past 20 years. The literature pertaining to xerostomia represented the disciplines of oral medicine, pathology, pharmacology, epidemiology, gerodontology, dental oncology, immunology and rheumatology. Additional topics included the physiology of salivary function and the management of xerostomia and its complications.Xerostomia often develops when the amount of saliva that bathes the oral mucous membranes is reduced. However, symptoms may occur without a measurable

2003 Journal of the American Dental Association

12526. A prescription for the rogue doctor: part I--begin with diagnosis. (Abstract)

educate, train, and supervise professionals in the healthcare industry. Counseling, coaching, training, supervising, transfers to less critical disciplines, disciplinary warnings, and offering opportunities to resign have been the typical protocols. Traditionally, outright firing of residents and doctors has been relatively taboo and too radical for the medical profession. Why has this been the case? Reasons may include unwillingness to get involved or to deal with the stress of disciplining

2003 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

12527. A prescription for the rogue doctor: part II ready, aim, fire. (Abstract)

A prescription for the rogue doctor: part II ready, aim, fire. As discussed in Part I of this series, rogue doctors have serious sociopathic behavioral deficiencies which may be the result of a defect of character or a flaw in ethics. Under these circumstances, unacceptable behavior patterns will arise. For years, counseling, coaching, training, supervising, transfers to less critical disciplines, disciplinary warnings, and offering opportunities to resign have been the typical approaches

2003 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

12528. Ethical guidelines for orthopaedists and industry. (Abstract)

. Physicians must renew observance of professionalism and improve oversight and discipline. Medicine cannot impose restrictions on the pharmaceutical and manufacturing industries but can appeal to industry's leadership. Oversight and discipline also must govern marketing and sales representatives of industry. There must be an ethical common ground if a new physician and industry relationship is to succeed in producing a climate of mutual respect and higher ethics; patients will benefit and physicians

2003 Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

12529. Denny-Brown, Wilson's disease, and BAL (British antilewisite [2,3-dimercaptopropanol]). (Abstract)

Denny-Brown, Wilson's disease, and BAL (British antilewisite [2,3-dimercaptopropanol]). In 1951 Denny-Brown and Porter described the successful treatment of Wilson's disease using the chelating agent British antilewisite. The presentation of their results both at meetings and in print changed the traditional view of neurology from a descriptive to an interventional discipline using treatments based on the underlying biochemical disorder. The authors review the importance of these reports

2002 Neurology

12530. Escher and the ophthalmologist. (Abstract)

disciplines such as mathematics, crystallography, and psychology. One of these contacts was with an ophthalmologist, Johan W. Wagenaar (1911-), who had been using Escher's designs to illustrate lectures about vision during night driving. A correspondence began that extended for almost a decade and altered Escher's concept of his own work. It is an intriguing footnote to the career of this extraordinary artist.

2003 Survey of Ophthalmology

12532. The INTERMED: a screening instrument to identify multiple sclerosis patients in need of multidisciplinary treatment. Full Text available with Trip Pro

assessed by a multidisciplinary team and a goal oriented treatment plan was defined. Correlations between INTERMED, individual INTERMED domains, EDSS, GNDS sum score, and total number of proposed disciplines involved in the treatment plan were studied.Mean (SD) age was 40.6 (10.1) years. Median scores were 14.0 for the INTERMED, 4.0 for the EDSS, and 13.5 for the GNDS sum score. Moderate correlations were found between the INTERMED sum score and EDSS (r=0.59) and GNDS sum score (r=0.60). The number (...) of disciplines as proposed by the multidisciplinary team showed the highest statistically significant correlation with the INTERMED sum score (r=0.41) compared with EDSS (r=0.32) and GNDS sum score (r=0.34). No significant or only weak correlations were found between the psychological domain of the INTERMED and EDSS or GNDS.The findings in this study show that there is an additional value of the INTERMED compared with the EDSS and GNDS in identifying MS patients in need of multidisciplinary treatment

2003 Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

12533. Neurovirological methods and their applications. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neurovirological methods and their applications. Over the last 30 years neurovirology has emerged as a major discipline which has much relevance to both human disease and many aspects of neuroscience. This overview of the field aims to define briefly most of the major neurovirological techniques, both "classical" and more recent, and to indicate how these have been used to gain knowledge about the pathogenesis, clinical investigation, and treatment of viral infections of the central nervous

2003 Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

12534. Translating emotion theory and research into preventive interventions. (Abstract)

Translating emotion theory and research into preventive interventions. Scientific advances in the field of emotions suggest a framework for conceptualizing the emotion-related aspects of prevention programs that aim to enhance children's socioemotional competence and prevent the emergence of behavior problems and psychopathology. A conception of emotions as inherently adaptive and motivational and the related empirical evidence from several disciplines and specialities suggest 7 principles

2002 Psychological Bulletin

12535. The psychology of doing nothing: forms of decision avoidance result from reason and emotion. (Abstract)

The psychology of doing nothing: forms of decision avoidance result from reason and emotion. Several independent lines of research bear on the question of why individuals avoid decisions by postponing them, failing to act, or accepting the status quo. This review relates findings across several different disciplines and uncovers 4 decision avoidance effects that offer insight into this common but troubling behavior: choice deferral, status quo bias, omission bias, and inaction inertia

2003 Psychological Bulletin

12536. Limb salvage in musculoskeletal oncology. (Abstract)

, but whether the quality of life of these patients is superior to that of those who undergo amputation is unclear. The non-oncological complication rate is much higher after limb salvage than after amputation, and consequently additional surgery is necessary. In the future, the co-operating disciplines should strive for better survival of these patients, for which the development of new chemotherapeutic drugs is especially needed.

2003 Lancet Oncology

12537. What can oncologists learn from HIV? (Abstract)

What can oncologists learn from HIV? Developments in HIV-related medicine have significant implications for the practice of oncology. Although HIV is a relatively new discipline within medicine, the identification and therapeutic targeting of HIV has been rapid. Furthermore, political lobbying has sculpted scientific research and patient care. Rational drug design has reduced morbidity and mortality to such an extent that the development of predictive surrogate endpoints has been necessary

2003 Lancet Oncology

12538. Ovarian cancer and high-risk women-implications for prevention, screening, and early detection. (Abstract)

. Nineteen leading scientists representing disciplines such as epidemiology, molecular biology, pathology, genetics, bioinformatics, and psychology presented the latest data on ovarian cancer prevention, screening, and early detection.Ovarian cancer is the most common cause of death from a gynecologic malignancy in the United States. Because survival depends on stage of diagnosis, early detection is critical in improving clinical outcome. However, existing screening techniques (CA125, transvaginal

2003 Gynecologic Oncology

12539. Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast carcinoma: multidisciplinary considerations of benefits and risks. (Abstract)

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast carcinoma: multidisciplinary considerations of benefits and risks. The majority of patients with breast carcinoma receive chemotherapy as a component of multimodality treatment. Over the past decade, it has become increasingly more common to deliver chemotherapy first, but this has raised new questions within all disciplines of cancer management.The authors reviewed published studies on the effect of neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast carcinoma

2003 Cancer

12540. Outcome measurement in complementary and alternative medicine: unpicking the effects. (Abstract)

to conventional medicine and discussions over the nature of the placebo effect. Measurement of all three types of effect is essential, in research and in practice, if the full effect of a CAM discipline is to be recognized. Further work is needed to develop and validate measures that address the multiple effects of CAM and to explore the nature and form of the three types of effect within different CAM disciplines.

2002 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine

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