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12461. Sports after hip resurfacing arthroplasty. Full Text available with Trip Pro

patients and women and men, respectively.Of 112 patients, 110 participated in an average of 4.6 sport disciplines after surgery, compared with 105 patients pre-operatively engaged in an average of 4.8 disciplines. About 26% performed sports 4 times per week or more--almost 60% for longer than 60 min at each session. A high proportion of our patients were still engaged in downhill skiing (51%) and in high-impact disciplines such as tennis (12%) or contact sports (22%). More than 50% of the patients (...) commenced sports within the first 3 months after surgery. During activities, 70% were completely pain-free. The group of older patients (mean age, 60.2 years) participated in more different disciplines with a higher weekly frequency and longer session length than younger patients (mean age, 46.4 years).The present study reports for the first time on the detailed sports activity and activity extent after hip resurfacing arthroplasty. Our patients could return to a high level of sports participation after

2007 American Journal of Sports Medicine

12462. Special attention to the weight-control strategies employed by Olympic athletes striving for leanness is required. (Abstract)

of the Swedish teams participating in the Olympic Games of 2002 and 2004.Self-reported body weight and height, from which BMI was calculated, variation in weight during the year prior to Olympic competition, and self-reported weight control strategies by questionnaire. The athletes were divided into two groups on the basis of whether their sporting discipline emphasized leanness or not.The athletes participating in disciplines that emphasize leanness demonstrated a lower mean BMI (22.7 +/- 2.7 vs 3.7 +/- 2.3 (...) for nonlean athletes, P < 0.05), greater variation in weight (5.3% vs 4.7%, P < 0.05), more frequent attempts to lose weight (P < 0.001), longer total training time (P < 0.001), a higher training load yet weighed more than they desired at the time of competition. These differences were most evident in male athletes. Furthermore, 9.4% of lean athletes reported previously suffering from an eating disorder, in comparison to 2.7% of the nonlean athletes (P < 0.05). More athletes in disciplines emphasizing

2008 Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine

12463. Incidence and characteristics of time-loss injuries in competitive fencing: a prospective, 5-year study of national competitions. (Abstract)

and discipline, the predominant characteristics (sprain/strain in the lower extremities) are similar to other sports with ballistic action in stop-start, rapid change-of-direction activity.

2008 Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine

12464. Effects of high-intensity isokinetic exercise on salivary cortisol in athletes with different training schedules: relationships to serum cortisol and lactate. (Abstract)

. The interindividual differences in cortisol changes are likely to be related to the training status and mode as well as to the correspondence between the evaluation protocol and the discipline individually performed.

2005 International Journal of Sports Medicine

12465. Bone mineral density and degenerative changes of the lumbar spine in former elite athletes. (Abstract)

Bone mineral density and degenerative changes of the lumbar spine in former elite athletes. The aim of this study was to assess bone mineral density (BMD) and degenerative changes in the lumbar spine in male former elite athletes participating in different track and field disciplines and to determine the influence of body composition and degenerative changes on BMD. One hundred and fifty-nine former male elite athletes (40 throwers, 97 jumpers, 22 endurance athletes) were studied

2005 International Journal of Sports Medicine

12466. The use of nutritional supplements among master athletes. (Abstract)

-tests were computed to reveal meaningful associations between basic information (age, gender, family status, children, education, country of origin, disciplines, training years, smoking, and the use of alcohol, illicit drugs, and doping) and the intake of nutritional supplements. Descriptive information on the history of their use of nutritional supplements was also provided. 60.5 % of all participants reported the actual use of nutritional supplements. We found no significant differences between

2006 International Journal of Sports Medicine

12467. Injuries in synchronized skating. (Abstract)

Injuries in synchronized skating. Synchronized skating is a relatively new competitive sport and data about injuries in this discipline are lacking. Therefore the purpose of this study was to investigate the frequency and pattern of acute and overuse injuries in synchronized skaters. Before and during the World Synchronized Skating Championship 2004, a questionnaire inquiring about the frequency of injuries in this skating discipline was given to 23 participating teams. A total of 514 women

2006 International Journal of Sports Medicine

12468. Loss of motor control and/or loss of consciousness during breath-hold competitions. (Abstract)

Loss of motor control and/or loss of consciousness during breath-hold competitions. Since the first official world championships in breath-hold diving (1996), a sport has developed where the athletes compete in various disciplines of breath-hold diving. One of the rules is that the diver should surface from a dive without showing any signs of hypoxia. Depending on the severity of hypoxia, a diver may suffer disqualifying signs such as loss of consciousness (LOC) or loss of motor control (LMC

2007 International Journal of Sports Medicine

12469. Elite athletes: is survival shortened in boxers? (Abstract)

in boxers (73.0 yrs) and higher in tennis players (79.0 yrs). Sports of different physiological demand were similar in respect to LE. No differences in LE were found related to occurrence and kind of impact. Similar LE was found in boxers of different weight or career records. In conclusion, this study indicates that LE in top-level athletes is unaffected by the type of discipline, and not related to physiological demand and intentional contact.

2007 International Journal of Sports Medicine

12470. How important is research-based practice to chiropractors and massage therapists? (Abstract)

found between the 2 professional groups, with chiropractors reporting more research skills and evidence-based practice. Primary discipline, frequent referral to peer-reviewed journals, and strong agreement with the statement that "research adds credibility to my discipline" were predictors of research application in practice.It appears that in Canada neither chiropractors nor massage therapists consistently apply research in practice, which may result from a lack of research education and research

2007 Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

12471. The 2005 conference on the biology of manual therapies. (Abstract)

, which can be described as "manual therapies." Leading scientific experts from North America and Europe presented their latest findings and theories related to 5 different areas of science relevant to manual therapies: neuroscience, biomechanics, endocrinology, imaging, and immunology. During the conference, breakout groups composed of scientists, physicians and therapists, and patient advocates were formed in the relevant disciplines. These groups developed consensus statements on key unanswered

2006 Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics

12473. Effectiveness of interventions to promote continuing professional development for dentists. (Abstract)

and techniques of the discipline of Quality Improvement.A self-assessment instrument (a manual) for quality dental practice was developed using the Delphi technique. A randomized, controlled trial of the interventions was conducted under field conditions for dental practice in Victoria, Australia. Dentists in Test Groups 1 and 2 completed the self-assessment manual, and received relevant references and their own scores for the manual in comparison with empirical standards. Dentists in Test Group 1 also

2003 European journal of dental education : official journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12474. The effect of vitamin-mineral supplementation on juvenile delinquency among American schoolchildren: a randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. (Abstract)

school disciplinary records.Of the 468 students randomly assigned to active or placebo tablets, the 80 who were disciplined at least once between September 1st and May 1st served as the research sample. During intervention, the 40 children who received active tablets were disciplined, on average, 1 time each, a 47% lower mean rate of antisocial behavior than the 1.875 times each for the 40 children who received placebos (95% confidence interval, 29% to 65%, < 5 .020). The children who took active

2000 Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine Controlled trial quality: predicted high

12475. Social skills and problem-solving training for children with early-onset conduct problems: who benefits? (Abstract)

behavior with peers, and more positive conflict management strategies than CON children. Significantly more CT than CON children showed clinically significantly improvements on reports and independent observations of aggressive and noncompliant behavior. The differential treatment response was evaluated according to child comorbidity with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), parenting discipline practices. and family risk factors. The only risk factor related to failure to make improvements

2001 Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12476. Preventing problems with boys' noncompliance: effects of a parent training intervention for divorcing mothers. (Abstract)

Preventing problems with boys' noncompliance: effects of a parent training intervention for divorcing mothers. This study provided a randomized, experimental test of the efficacy of a parent training intervention on coercive discipline, positive parenting practices, and child noncompliance in a sample of 238 divorcing mothers and their sons in Grades 1-3. Intervention effects were evaluated 5 times from baseline to 30 months. The intervention produced enduring benefits to coercive discipline (...) , positive parenting, and boys' noncompliance. These benefits followed a classic prevention effect: Mothers and sons in the experimental group maintained stable outcome trajectories, whereas those in the control group deteriorated. The intervention's impact on boys' noncompliance was mediated independently by its impact on coercive discipline and positive parenting. Change in positive parenting was more strongly associated with change in noncompliance than was change in coercive discipline, although each

2001 Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12477. Efficacy of calcium dobesilate in treating acute attacks of hemorrhoidal disease. (Abstract)

dobesilate treatment were also significantly better than those with diet only (P = 0.0017 and P = 0.0013, respectively).Together with recommendations about diet and bowel discipline, oral calcium dobesilate treatment provides an efficient, fast, and safe symptomatic relief from acute symptoms of hemorrhoidal disease. This symptomatic healing is associated with a significant improvement in the anoscopically observed inflammation.

2001 Diseases of the colon and rectum Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12478. Parent training in head start: a comparison of program response among African American, Asian American, Caucasian, and Hispanic mothers. (Abstract)

reports of parenting style and discipline strategies and child behavior problems in the fall (baseline) and spring (postintervention) of the children's Head Start year. Families were reassessed 1 year later. Following treatment, intervention mothers were observed to be more positive, less critical, more consistent, and more competent in their parenting than were control mothers. Additionally, children of intervention parents were observed to exhibit fewer behavior problems than were control children

2001 Prevention science : the official journal of the Society for Prevention Research Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12479. Lake Superior Rural Cancer Care Project, part II: provider knowledge. (Abstract)

for rural providers with a number of approaches, including the use of clinical opinion leaders. The main outcome of the intervention was knowledge scoring on discipline-specific cancer management tests.Knowledge scores for providers in the experimental group significantly increased from pretest to post-test: 66 to 79 for physicians (and physician assistants) (P=.02); 58 to 71 for nurses (P=.01); and 54 to 64 for pharmacists (P=.01). At post-test, participating providers in the experimental group

2002 Cancer practice Controlled trial quality: uncertain

12480. Prediction of five-year survival for patients admitted to a department of internal medicine. (Abstract)

Prediction of five-year survival for patients admitted to a department of internal medicine. The effect of many common forms of therapy, as medication for mild hypertension or hypercholesterolaemia, only reaches clinical significance after years of treatment. The meaningful application of such therapy presupposes that physicians can, at least to some extent, predict the remaining lifetime of patients. We investigated whether clinicians from different disciplines were able to predict the 5-year

2001 Journal of internal medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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