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101. Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools

Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools | RAND Objective Analysis. Effective Solutions. Site-wide navigation Trending Topics Featured Research Activities Spotlight Commentary: Commentary: By Research Area Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. Who We Work (...) an with the subtitle, “Are America's teachers a bunch of racists? Democrats seem to think so.” At the heart of this dispute is whether racial discipline disparities reflect discriminatory discipline practices by educators. On one hand, discriminatory school discipline practices—punishing different groups differently for similar behaviors—certainly could contribute to the disparities we see. Researchers have found evidence of both implicit and intentional forms of bias in many parts of American life, and that bias

2017 The RAND blog

102. A cross-discipline review and synthesis of factors affecting medical help-seeking for physical symptoms among migrant populations

A cross-discipline review and synthesis of factors affecting medical help-seeking for physical symptoms among migrant populations Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2015 PROSPERO

103. Variation in Acceptable Child Discipline Practices by Child Age: Perceptions of Community Norms by Medical and Legal Professionals (PubMed)

Variation in Acceptable Child Discipline Practices by Child Age: Perceptions of Community Norms by Medical and Legal Professionals Mandated child abuse reporters may judge specific disciplinary practices as unacceptable for young children, whereas child law professionals arbitrating allegations may be less inclusive. Do the views of these groups diverge, by child age, regarding discipline? Judgments of community norms across a wide range of children's ages were obtained from 380 medical

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2016 Behavioral sciences & the law

104. Viral immunology: reunion of the conjoined twins disciplines (PubMed)

Viral immunology: reunion of the conjoined twins disciplines 26658640 2016 09 27 2018 11 13 2042-0226 13 1 2016 Jan Cellular & molecular immunology Cell. Mol. Immunol. Viral immunology: reunion of the conjoined twins disciplines. 1-2 10.1038/cmi.2015.94 Yang Chi-Chiang CC Department of Clinical Laboratory, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40201. School of Medical Laboratory and Biotechnology, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung 40201. Email: cyang@csmu.edu.tw. eng Editorial

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2016 Cellular and Molecular Immunology

105. Professional discipline and support recommendations for family caregivers of persons with dementia (PubMed)

Professional discipline and support recommendations for family caregivers of persons with dementia Family caregivers of persons with dementia often require support services to help ease the challenges of providing care. Although the efficacy of some dementia caregiver interventions seems apparent, evidence indicating which types of protocols can best meet the diverse needs of individual families is not yet available. Because of this gap, families must often turn to professionals (...) for such guidance, but it remains unknown whether professionals from different disciplines are more inclined to recommend particular types of services than others. This study assessed whether recommendations of supportive interventions to hypothetical dementia family caregivers differed by professional discipline.In a cross-sectional survey design, a convenience sample of 422 dementia care professionals across the USA viewed up to 24 randomly selected, hypothetical scenarios that systematically varied

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2016 International Psychogeriatrics

106. Psychological Literacy Weakly Differentiates Students by Discipline and Year of Enrolment (PubMed)

Psychological Literacy Weakly Differentiates Students by Discipline and Year of Enrolment Psychological literacy, a construct developed to reflect the types of skills graduates of a psychology degree should possess and be capable of demonstrating, has recently been scrutinized in terms of its measurement adequacy. The recent development of a multi-item measure encompassing the facets of psychological literacy has provided the potential for improved validity in measuring the construct. We

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2016 Frontiers in psychology

107. Is the use of physical discipline associated with aggressive behaviors in young children? (PubMed)

Is the use of physical discipline associated with aggressive behaviors in young children? To determine the association between use of physical discipline and parental report of physically aggressive child behaviors in a cohort of young children who were without indicators of current or past physical abuse.The data for this study were analyzed from an initial cohort of patients enrolled in a prospective, observational, multicenter pediatric emergency department-based study investigating bruising (...) in the data. Inter-rater reliability of the coding process was evaluated using the kappa statistic. Descriptive statistics were calculated and multiple logistic regression modeling was performed.Three hundred seventy-two parental interviews were conducted. Parents who reported using physical discipline were 2.8 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7-4.5) times more likely to report aggressive child behaviors of hitting/kicking and throwing. Physical discipline was used on 38% of children overall, and was 2.4

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2016 Academic pediatrics

108. Population, Reproductive, and Sexual Health: Data Are Essential Where Disciplines Meet and Ideologies Conflict (PubMed)

Population, Reproductive, and Sexual Health: Data Are Essential Where Disciplines Meet and Ideologies Conflict 27014671 2016 03 25 2018 11 13 2296-2565 4 2016 Frontiers in public health Front Public Health Population, Reproductive, and Sexual Health: Data Are Essential Where Disciplines Meet and Ideologies Conflict. 27 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00027 Stanford Joseph B JB Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; Department

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2016 Frontiers in public health

109. Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare (PubMed)

Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare 27077827 2016 12 26 2018 11 13 2045-7723 39 2 2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine J Spinal Cord Med Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare. 126 10.1080/10790268.2016.1156302 Hough Sigmund S a Department of Psychiatry , Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA. eng Editorial 2016 03 24 England J Spinal Cord Med 9504452

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2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine

110. Norwegian Priority Setting in Practice – an Analysis of Waiting Time Patterns Across Medical Disciplines (PubMed)

Norwegian Priority Setting in Practice – an Analysis of Waiting Time Patterns Across Medical Disciplines Different strategies for addressing the challenge of prioritizing elective patients efficiently and fairly have been introduced in Norway. In the time period studied, there were three possible outcomes for elective patients that had been through the process of priority setting: (i) high priority with assigned individual maximum waiting time; (ii) low priority without a maximum waiting time (...) waiting times and the actual ones were analyzed using standard Kernel density estimation. The perspective of the planning process was studied by measuring the time interval between the actual start of healthcare and the maximum waiting time.Considerable variation was found across medical specialties concerning proportion of priority patients and their maximum waiting times. The degree of differentiation in terms of maximum waiting times also varied by medical discipline. We found that the actual

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2016 International journal of health policy and management

111. Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science (PubMed)

Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science 26959265 2016 07 26 2018 11 13 1541-0048 106 4 2016 Apr American journal of public health Am J Public Health Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science. 633-4 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303101 Keyes Katherine M KM Katherine M. Keyes is with the Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, NY. Sandro Galea is Dean and Professor, School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA. Galea Sandro S

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2016 American Journal of Public Health

112. Geriatric Cardiology: An Emerging Discipline (PubMed)

Geriatric Cardiology: An Emerging Discipline Given changing demographics, patients with cardiovascular (CV) disease in developed countries are now older and more complex than even a decade ago. This trend is expected to continue into the foreseeable future; accordingly, cardiologists are encountering patients with a greater number of comorbid illnesses as well as "geriatric conditions," such as cognitive impairment and frailty, which complicate management and influence outcomes. Simultaneously (...) , technological advances have widened the therapeutic options available for patients, including those with the most advanced CV disease. In the setting of these changes, geriatric cardiology has recently emerged as a discipline that aims to adapt principles from geriatric medicine to everyday cardiology practice. Accordingly, the tasks of a "geriatric cardiologist" may include both traditional evidence-based CV management plus comprehensive geriatric assessment, medication reduction, team-based coordination

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2016 The Canadian journal of cardiology

113. “One Health” or Three? Publication Silos Among the One Health Disciplines (PubMed)

“One Health” or Three? Publication Silos Among the One Health Disciplines The One Health initiative is a global effort fostering interdisciplinary collaborations to address challenges in human, animal, and environmental health. While One Health has received considerable press, its benefits remain unclear because its effects have not been quantitatively described. We systematically surveyed the published literature and used social network analysis to measure interdisciplinarity in One Health (...) these communities increased through time in terms of author number, diversity of co-author affiliations, and diversity of citations. However, communities continue to differ in the systems studied, questions asked, and methods employed. While the infectious disease research community has made significant progress toward integrating its participating disciplines, some segregation--especially along the veterinary/ecological research interface--remains.

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2016 PLoS biology

114. Persistence and adherence in multiple sclerosis patients starting glatiramer acetate treatment: assessment of relationship with care received from multiple disciplines (PubMed)

Persistence and adherence in multiple sclerosis patients starting glatiramer acetate treatment: assessment of relationship with care received from multiple disciplines In multiple sclerosis patients, the persistence of, and adherence to, disease-modifying treatment are often insufficient. The degree of persistence and adherence may relate to the care received from various disciplines.In an observational study of 203 patients treated with glatiramer acetate 20 mg subcutaneous daily, we assess (...) the persistence and adherence in relation to the amount of care received in various disciplines. The frequencies and durations of care per discipline were reported by patients online, as were missed doses and eventual treatment discontinuation. The associations between the care provided by neurologists, nurses, psychologists, pharmacists, and rehabilitative doctors and persistence and adherence were the primary outcomes; the associations between care received from general practitioners, occupational

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2016 Patient preference and adherence

115. The evolution of research collaboration within and across disciplines in Italian Academia (PubMed)

The evolution of research collaboration within and across disciplines in Italian Academia In sociology of science much attention is dedicated to the study of scientific networks, especially to co-authorship and citations in publications. Other trends of research have investigated the advantages, limits, performances and difficulties of interdisciplinary research, which is increasingly advocated by the main lines of public research funding. This paper explores the dynamics of interdisciplinary (...) might have affected disciplinary and interdisciplinary collaboration. We also want to cluster the similarities and differences of the amount of disciplinary and interdisciplinary collaboration across scientific disciplines, and see if it changes over time. Finally, we want to see if interdisciplinary projects receive an increasing share of funding compared to their disciplinary bounded counterparts. Our results indicate that while interdisciplinary research diminishes along the years, potentially

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2016 Scientometrics

116. Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India (PubMed)

Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India Human rights and mental health care of vulnerable population need supportive legislations and policies. Both "hard" and "soft" laws relevant to mental health care have been devised internationally and locally. Amendments in laws and the formulation of new laws are often required and have been seen to occur in the area of mental health care in India. So far, reform in mental

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2016 Indian journal of psychiatry

117. An analysis of the titles of papers submitted to the UK REF in 2014: authors, disciplines, and stylistic details (PubMed)

An analysis of the titles of papers submitted to the UK REF in 2014: authors, disciplines, and stylistic details In 2014 over 52,000 academics submitted >155,500 journal articles in 36 different disciplines for assessment in the UK's four-year Research Evaluation Framework (the REF). In this paper the characteristics of the titles of these papers are assessed. Although these varied considerably between the disciplines, the main findings were that: (i) the lengths of the titles increased (...) with the number of authors in almost all disciplines, (ii) the use of colons and question marks tended to decline with increasing author numbers-although there were a few disciplines, such as economics, where the reverse was evident, (iii) papers published later on in the 4-year period tended to have more authors than those published earlier, and (iv), in some disciplines, the numbers of subsequent citations to papers were higher when the titles were shorter and when they employed colons but lower when

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2016 Scientometrics

118. Computational Cardiology — A New Discipline of Translational Research (PubMed)

Computational Cardiology — A New Discipline of Translational Research 27497711 2017 07 19 2018 12 02 2210-3244 14 4 2016 08 Genomics, proteomics & bioinformatics Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics Computational Cardiology - A New Discipline of Translational Research. 177-8 10.1016/j.gpb.2016.08.001 S1672-0229(16)30108-5 Meder Benjamin B Institute for Cardiomyopathies, Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; German Centre for Cardiovascular

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2016 Genomics, proteomics & bioinformatics

119. Correction: Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines (PubMed)

Correction: Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002501.].

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2016 PLoS biology

120. Medical student knowledge of oncology and related disciplines: A targeted needs assessment (PubMed)

Medical student knowledge of oncology and related disciplines: A targeted needs assessment Despite increasing numbers of cancer survivors, non-oncology physicians report discomfort and little training regarding oncologic and survivorship care. This pilot study assesses medical student comfort with medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiation oncology, hospice/palliative medicine, and survivorship care. A survey was developed with input from specialists in various fields of oncologic care

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2016 Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education

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