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101. Efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline in Twin Families (VIPP-Twins): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline in Twin Families (VIPP-Twins): Study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Intervention programs with the aim of enhancing parenting quality have been found to be differentially effective in decreasing negative child outcomes such as externalizing behavioral problems, resulting in modest overall effect sizes. Here we present the protocol for a randomized controlled trial to examine (...) the efficacy of the Video-feedback Intervention to promote Positive Parenting and Sensitive Discipline for Twin Families (VIPP-Twins) on parenting quality and children's behavioral control and social competence. In addition, we aim to test the differential susceptibility theory; we examine differential efficacy of the intervention based on genetic make-up or temperament for both parents and children. Lastly, we explore neurobiological mechanisms underlying intervention effects on children's developmental

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2016 BMC psychology

102. Is Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadomasochism Recreational Leisure? A Descriptive Exploratory Investigation. (PubMed)

Is Bondage and Discipline, Dominance and Submission, and Sadomasochism Recreational Leisure? A Descriptive Exploratory Investigation. Recent studies have suggested that, in contrast to traditional psychopathologic explanations, bondage and discipline, dominance and submission, and sadomasochism (BDSM) could be understood as recreational leisure. However, the theoretical framing of BDSM as potential leisure has not been empirically explored.To conduct an initial empirical exploration

2016 Journal Of Sexual Medicine

103. Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare (PubMed)

Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare 27077827 2016 12 26 2018 11 13 2045-7723 39 2 2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine J Spinal Cord Med Standards that reflect the growth of a professional discipline into a community of integrated healthcare. 126 10.1080/10790268.2016.1156302 Hough Sigmund S a Department of Psychiatry , Harvard Medical School , Boston , MA , USA. eng Editorial 2016 03 24 England J Spinal Cord Med 9504452

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2016 The journal of spinal cord medicine

104. Is the use of physical discipline associated with aggressive behaviors in young children? (PubMed)

Is the use of physical discipline associated with aggressive behaviors in young children? To determine the association between use of physical discipline and parental report of physically aggressive child behaviors in a cohort of young children who were without indicators of current or past physical abuse.The data for this study were analyzed from an initial cohort of patients enrolled in a prospective, observational, multicenter pediatric emergency department-based study investigating bruising (...) in the data. Inter-rater reliability of the coding process was evaluated using the kappa statistic. Descriptive statistics were calculated and multiple logistic regression modeling was performed.Three hundred seventy-two parental interviews were conducted. Parents who reported using physical discipline were 2.8 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.7-4.5) times more likely to report aggressive child behaviors of hitting/kicking and throwing. Physical discipline was used on 38% of children overall, and was 2.4

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2016 Academic pediatrics

105. Norwegian Priority Setting in Practice – an Analysis of Waiting Time Patterns Across Medical Disciplines (PubMed)

Norwegian Priority Setting in Practice – an Analysis of Waiting Time Patterns Across Medical Disciplines Different strategies for addressing the challenge of prioritizing elective patients efficiently and fairly have been introduced in Norway. In the time period studied, there were three possible outcomes for elective patients that had been through the process of priority setting: (i) high priority with assigned individual maximum waiting time; (ii) low priority without a maximum waiting time (...) waiting times and the actual ones were analyzed using standard Kernel density estimation. The perspective of the planning process was studied by measuring the time interval between the actual start of healthcare and the maximum waiting time.Considerable variation was found across medical specialties concerning proportion of priority patients and their maximum waiting times. The degree of differentiation in terms of maximum waiting times also varied by medical discipline. We found that the actual

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2016 International journal of health policy and management

106. Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science (PubMed)

Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science 26959265 2016 07 26 2018 11 13 1541-0048 106 4 2016 Apr American journal of public health Am J Public Health Setting the Agenda for a New Discipline: Population Health Science. 633-4 10.2105/AJPH.2016.303101 Keyes Katherine M KM Katherine M. Keyes is with the Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, NY. Sandro Galea is Dean and Professor, School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA. Galea Sandro S

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2016 American Journal of Public Health

107. Professional discipline and support recommendations for family caregivers of persons with dementia (PubMed)

Professional discipline and support recommendations for family caregivers of persons with dementia Family caregivers of persons with dementia often require support services to help ease the challenges of providing care. Although the efficacy of some dementia caregiver interventions seems apparent, evidence indicating which types of protocols can best meet the diverse needs of individual families is not yet available. Because of this gap, families must often turn to professionals (...) for such guidance, but it remains unknown whether professionals from different disciplines are more inclined to recommend particular types of services than others. This study assessed whether recommendations of supportive interventions to hypothetical dementia family caregivers differed by professional discipline.In a cross-sectional survey design, a convenience sample of 422 dementia care professionals across the USA viewed up to 24 randomly selected, hypothetical scenarios that systematically varied

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2016 International Psychogeriatrics

108. Population, Reproductive, and Sexual Health: Data Are Essential Where Disciplines Meet and Ideologies Conflict (PubMed)

Population, Reproductive, and Sexual Health: Data Are Essential Where Disciplines Meet and Ideologies Conflict 27014671 2016 03 25 2018 11 13 2296-2565 4 2016 Frontiers in public health Front Public Health Population, Reproductive, and Sexual Health: Data Are Essential Where Disciplines Meet and Ideologies Conflict. 27 10.3389/fpubh.2016.00027 Stanford Joseph B JB Department of Family and Preventive Medicine, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT, USA; Department

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2016 Frontiers in public health

109. Psychological Literacy Weakly Differentiates Students by Discipline and Year of Enrolment (PubMed)

Psychological Literacy Weakly Differentiates Students by Discipline and Year of Enrolment Psychological literacy, a construct developed to reflect the types of skills graduates of a psychology degree should possess and be capable of demonstrating, has recently been scrutinized in terms of its measurement adequacy. The recent development of a multi-item measure encompassing the facets of psychological literacy has provided the potential for improved validity in measuring the construct. We

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2016 Frontiers in psychology

110. Geriatric Cardiology: An Emerging Discipline (PubMed)

Geriatric Cardiology: An Emerging Discipline Given changing demographics, patients with cardiovascular (CV) disease in developed countries are now older and more complex than even a decade ago. This trend is expected to continue into the foreseeable future; accordingly, cardiologists are encountering patients with a greater number of comorbid illnesses as well as "geriatric conditions," such as cognitive impairment and frailty, which complicate management and influence outcomes. Simultaneously (...) , technological advances have widened the therapeutic options available for patients, including those with the most advanced CV disease. In the setting of these changes, geriatric cardiology has recently emerged as a discipline that aims to adapt principles from geriatric medicine to everyday cardiology practice. Accordingly, the tasks of a "geriatric cardiologist" may include both traditional evidence-based CV management plus comprehensive geriatric assessment, medication reduction, team-based coordination

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2016 The Canadian journal of cardiology

111. Discipline

Discipline Discipline Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Discipline Discipline Aka: Discipline , Misbehavior II. Causes (...) : Misbehavior Intrinsic factors Child tired, bored or hungry Child needs greater adult attention Psychosocial confounding factors Parent divorce or separation Severe poverty Parental mental illness or Associated conditions ( ) III. Background: Components of an effective Discipline system Positive, supportive parent-child relationship Playful and warm, affectionate relationship Periodically take time to observe a child's behavior Respond to best behaviors with increased attention Keep consistent daily

2018 FP Notebook

112. Interviews with Irish healthcare workers from different disciplines about palliative care for people with Parkinson's disease: a definite role but uncertainty around terminology and timing. (PubMed)

Interviews with Irish healthcare workers from different disciplines about palliative care for people with Parkinson's disease: a definite role but uncertainty around terminology and timing. An integrated palliative care approach is recommended in all life-limiting diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD). However research shows that people with PD have unmet palliative care needs. The study aimed to explore multidisciplinary healthcare workers' (HCWs) views on palliative care for people (...) , and patients and carers weren't equipped with information to seek palliative care. A lack of communication between PD and palliative care specialists was seen to impede collaboration between the disciplines. Uncertainty about the timing of palliative care meant that it was often not introduced until a crisis point, despite the recognised need for early planning due to increased prevalence of dementia.Most HCWs recognised a need for palliative care for people with PD; however several barriers

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2016 BMC Palliative Care

113. Asthma prevalence in German Olympic athletes: A comparison of winter and summer sport disciplines. (PubMed)

Asthma prevalence in German Olympic athletes: A comparison of winter and summer sport disciplines. Prevalence of asthma in elite athletes shows very wide ranges. It remains unclear to what extent this is influenced by the competition season (winter vs. summer) or the ventilation rate achieved during competition. The aim of this study was to evaluate prevalence of asthma in German elite winter and summer athletes from a wide range of sport disciplines and to identify high risk groups.In total

2016 Respiratory medicine

114. Opening to the otherwise: The discipline of listening and the necessity of free-association for psychoanalytic praxis. (PubMed)

Opening to the otherwise: The discipline of listening and the necessity of free-association for psychoanalytic praxis. It is argued that only free-association methodically opens the discourse of self-consciousness (the representations available to reflective awareness) to the voicing of the repressed. The method is key to Freud's originality and the sine qua non of any genuinely psychoanalytic process. Clinical procedures which do not prioritize a steadfast and ongoing commitment to this method

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2016 International Journal of Psycho-Analysis

115. Attitudes towards and personal use of complementary and alternative medicine amongst clinicians working in audiovestibular disciplines. (PubMed)

Attitudes towards and personal use of complementary and alternative medicine amongst clinicians working in audiovestibular disciplines. Literature indicates that complementary and alternative medicine is used by patients with auditory and vestibular symptoms. This study sought to determine the prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine uptake, and examine attitudes towards complementary and alternative medicine in clinicians working with audiovestibular disorder patients.The Holistic

2016 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

116. Health Behavior Change Support Systems as a research discipline; A viewpoint. (PubMed)

Health Behavior Change Support Systems as a research discipline; A viewpoint. As research on Health Behavior Change Support Systems (HBCSS) proliferates, meaningful management of the different findings is becoming a challenge. We argue that for the field to evolve, it is important to establish the study of HBCSSs as an independent research area, which means that instead of only applying theories from related disciplines to HBCSSs, we need to significantly extend and adapt these theories (...) , or develop new theories, to explain the phenomena that are encountered. Current research in HBCSSs is carried out in different disciplines, with a different approach in each of these disciplines. However, both the CeHRes roadmap and the Persuasive System Design Model show that HBCSSs are complex and the development and evaluation of these systems need to deal with this complexity to be successful. Therefore, an integrative approach is needed to study the combination of content, system, and context

2016 International journal of medical informatics

117. What can we learn on public accountability from non-health disciplines: a meta-narrative review. (PubMed)

What can we learn on public accountability from non-health disciplines: a meta-narrative review. In health, accountability has since long been acknowledged as a central issue, but it remains an elusive concept. The literature on accountability spans various disciplines and research traditions, with differing interpretations. There has been little transfer of ideas and concepts from other disciplines to public health and global health. In the frame of a study of accountability of (international

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2016 BMJ open

118. Phytogeographic and genetic variation in Sorbus, a traditional antidiabetic medicine—adaptation in action in both a plant and a discipline (PubMed)

Phytogeographic and genetic variation in Sorbus, a traditional antidiabetic medicine—adaptation in action in both a plant and a discipline Mountain ash (Sorbus decora and S. americana) is used by the Cree Nation of the James Bay region of Quebec (Eeyou Istchee) as traditional medicine. Its potential as an antidiabetic medicine is thought to vary across its geographical range, yet little is known about the factors that affect its antioxidant capacity. Here, we examined metabolite gene

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2016 PeerJ

119. Differences in Collaboration Patterns across Discipline, Career Stage, and Gender (PubMed)

Differences in Collaboration Patterns across Discipline, Career Stage, and Gender Collaboration plays an increasingly important role in promoting research productivity and impact. What remains unclear is whether female and male researchers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematical (STEM) disciplines differ in their collaboration propensity. Here, we report on an empirical analysis of the complete publication records of 3,980 faculty members in six STEM disciplines at select U.S (...) for gender segregation in some sub-disciplines in molecular biology, in particular in genomics where we find female faculty to be clearly under-represented.

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2016 PLoS biology

120. Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India (PubMed)

Mental health and the law: An overview and need to develop and strengthen the discipline of forensic psychiatry in India Human rights and mental health care of vulnerable population need supportive legislations and policies. Both "hard" and "soft" laws relevant to mental health care have been devised internationally and locally. Amendments in laws and the formulation of new laws are often required and have been seen to occur in the area of mental health care in India. So far, reform in mental

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2016 Indian journal of psychiatry

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