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101. Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools

Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools | RAND Objective Analysis. Effective Solutions. Site-wide navigation Trending Topics Featured Research Activities Spotlight Commentary: Commentary: By Research Area Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. Who We Work (...) an with the subtitle, “Are America's teachers a bunch of racists? Democrats seem to think so.” At the heart of this dispute is whether racial discipline disparities reflect discriminatory discipline practices by educators. On one hand, discriminatory school discipline practices—punishing different groups differently for similar behaviors—certainly could contribute to the disparities we see. Researchers have found evidence of both implicit and intentional forms of bias in many parts of American life, and that bias

2017 The RAND blog

102. Systematic review of barriers and enablers of knowledge translation for allied health disciplines

Systematic review of barriers and enablers of knowledge translation for allied health disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2017 PROSPERO

103. Systematic review of the effectiveness of knowledge translation strategies for allied health disciplines

Systematic review of the effectiveness of knowledge translation strategies for allied health disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2017 PROSPERO

104. How to maximise citation impact of research articles a mapping review of 'Pre-Publication' factors and its impact on citation frequency in medicine and health-related disciplines

How to maximise citation impact of research articles a mapping review of 'Pre-Publication' factors and its impact on citation frequency in medicine and health-related disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2017 PROSPERO

105. Best selection of motor imagery ability assessments in four different disciplines: protocol for a systematic review

Best selection of motor imagery ability assessments in four different disciplines: protocol for a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2017 PROSPERO

106. Socioeconomic Gaps in Parents' Discipline Strategies From 1988 to 2011. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Socioeconomic Gaps in Parents' Discipline Strategies From 1988 to 2011. The prevalence of corporal punishment is high in the United States despite a 1998 American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement urging against its use. The current study tests whether the socioeconomic difference in its use by parents has changed over the past quarter century. It goes on to test whether socioeconomic differences in the use of nonphysical discipline have also changed over time.Data are drawn from 4 (...) national studies conducted between 1988 and 2011. Each asked how often a kindergarten-aged child was spanked in the past week and what the parents would do if the child misbehaved, with physical discipline, time-out, and talking to child as possible responses. We use regression models to estimate parents' responses to these questions at the 90th, 50th, and 10th percentiles of the income and education distributions and t tests to compare estimates across cohorts.The proportion of mothers at the 50th

2016 Pediatrics

107. Effect of Sex and Sporting Discipline on LV Adaptation to Exercise. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of Sex and Sporting Discipline on LV Adaptation to Exercise. This study sought to investigate the effect of different types of exercise on left ventricular (LV) geometry in a large group of female and male athletes.Studies assessing cardiac adaptation in female and male athletes indicate that female athletes reveal smaller increases in LV wall thickness and cavity size compared with male athletes. However, data on sex-specific changes in LV geometry in athletes are scarce.A total (...) /increased RWT).Athletes were engaged in 40 different sporting disciplines with similar participation rates with respect to the type of exercise between females and males. Females exhibited lower LVM (83 ± 17 g/m2 vs. 101 ± 21 g/m2; p < 0.001) and RWT (0.35 ± 0.05 vs. 0.36 ± 0.05; p < 0.001) compared with male athletes. Females also demonstrated lower absolute LV dimensions (49 ± 4 mm vs. 54 ± 5 mm; p < 0.001) but following correction for body surface area, the indexed LV dimensions were greater

2016 JACC. Cardiovascular imaging

108. Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral Training in Global Health Through a Novel Joint Project for Trainees from Diverse Disciplines: Benefits, Risks, and Observations. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral Training in Global Health Through a Novel Joint Project for Trainees from Diverse Disciplines: Benefits, Risks, and Observations. Postdoctoral training programs are usually highly individualized arrangements between trainees and a limited number of senior mentors in their field, an approach that contrasts with current trends in public health education that promote interdisciplinary training to spur innovation. Herein, we describe an alternative model (...) for postdoctoral training for a group of fellows from distinct disciplines. Fellows work with mentors from diverse fields to create a joint research project or a group of complementary projects, with the goal of developing a new device, intervention, or innovation to address a global health problem. The perceived benefits, challenges, and limitations of this team approach to interdisciplinary postdoctoral training are presented.

2016 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

109. Health informatics and analytics - building a program to integrate business analytics across clinical and administrative disciplines. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Health informatics and analytics - building a program to integrate business analytics across clinical and administrative disciplines. Health care organizations must develop integrated health information systems to respond to the numerous government mandates driving the movement toward reimbursement models emphasizing value-based and accountable care. Success in this transition requires integrated data analytics, supported by the combination of health informatics, interoperability, business

2016 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

110. Harsh discipline relates to internalizing problems and cognitive functioning: findings from a cross-sectional study with school children in Tanzania. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Harsh discipline relates to internalizing problems and cognitive functioning: findings from a cross-sectional study with school children in Tanzania. Child maltreatment poses a risk to children and adolescents' mental health and may also affect cognitive functioning. Also harsh discipline has been frequently associated with mental health problems. However, within societies in which harsh disciplinary methods are culturally normed and highly prevalent less is known about the association between (...) harsh punishment, mental health problems, and cognitive functioning.In a cross-sectional study, we conducted structured clinical interviews with a sample of Tanzanian primary school students assessing exposure to harsh discipline (Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure), internalizing problems (Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire, Children's Depression Inventory), and working memory (Corsi Blocktapping Task). School performance was measured by using the exam grades in 4 core subjects

2016 BMC Psychiatry

111. Integrating Care Across Disciplines. (Abstract)

Integrating Care Across Disciplines. Interdisciplinary care teams are important in managing older patients. Geriatric patients with cardiovascular problems represent a unique paradigm for interdisciplinary teams, and patients benefit from the assistance of physicians, nurses, social workers, pharmacists, and therapists collaborating on treatment plans. Teams work on the inpatient and outpatient sides and at patients' homes to maximize function and prevent readmissions to the hospital. Copyright

2016 Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

112. Rethinking the role and impact of health information technology: informatics as an interventional discipline. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rethinking the role and impact of health information technology: informatics as an interventional discipline. Recent advances in the adoption and use of health information technology (HIT) have had a dramatic impact on the practice of medicine. In many environments, this has led to the ability to achieve new efficiencies and levels of safety. In others, the impact has been less positive, and is associated with both: 1) workflow and user experience dissatisfaction; and 2) perceptions of missed

2016 Medical Informatics and Decision Making

113. Health Behavior Change Support Systems as a research discipline; A viewpoint. (Abstract)

Health Behavior Change Support Systems as a research discipline; A viewpoint. As research on Health Behavior Change Support Systems (HBCSS) proliferates, meaningful management of the different findings is becoming a challenge. We argue that for the field to evolve, it is important to establish the study of HBCSSs as an independent research area, which means that instead of only applying theories from related disciplines to HBCSSs, we need to significantly extend and adapt these theories (...) , or develop new theories, to explain the phenomena that are encountered. Current research in HBCSSs is carried out in different disciplines, with a different approach in each of these disciplines. However, both the CeHRes roadmap and the Persuasive System Design Model show that HBCSSs are complex and the development and evaluation of these systems need to deal with this complexity to be successful. Therefore, an integrative approach is needed to study the combination of content, system, and context

2016 International journal of medical informatics

114. What can we learn on public accountability from non-health disciplines: a meta-narrative review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

What can we learn on public accountability from non-health disciplines: a meta-narrative review. In health, accountability has since long been acknowledged as a central issue, but it remains an elusive concept. The literature on accountability spans various disciplines and research traditions, with differing interpretations. There has been little transfer of ideas and concepts from other disciplines to public health and global health. In the frame of a study of accountability of (international

2016 BMJ open

115. Interviews with Irish healthcare workers from different disciplines about palliative care for people with Parkinson's disease: a definite role but uncertainty around terminology and timing. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interviews with Irish healthcare workers from different disciplines about palliative care for people with Parkinson's disease: a definite role but uncertainty around terminology and timing. An integrated palliative care approach is recommended in all life-limiting diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD). However research shows that people with PD have unmet palliative care needs. The study aimed to explore multidisciplinary healthcare workers' (HCWs) views on palliative care for people (...) , and patients and carers weren't equipped with information to seek palliative care. A lack of communication between PD and palliative care specialists was seen to impede collaboration between the disciplines. Uncertainty about the timing of palliative care meant that it was often not introduced until a crisis point, despite the recognised need for early planning due to increased prevalence of dementia.Most HCWs recognised a need for palliative care for people with PD; however several barriers

2016 BMC Palliative Care

116. Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents. Growing suspension rates predict major negative life outcomes, including adult incarceration and unemployment. Experiment 1 tested whether teachers (n = 39) could be encouraged to adopt an empathic rather than punitive mindset about discipline-to value students' perspectives and sustain positive relationships while encouraging better behavior. Experiment 2 tested whether an empathic response (...) to misbehavior would sustain students' (n = 302) respect for teachers and motivation to behave well in class. These hypotheses were confirmed. Finally, a randomized field experiment tested a brief, online intervention to encourage teachers to adopt an empathic mindset about discipline. Evaluated at five middle schools in three districts (Nteachers = 31; Nstudents = 1,682), this intervention halved year-long student suspension rates from 9.6% to 4.8%. It also bolstered respect the most at-risk students

2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

117. Variation in Acceptable Child Discipline Practices by Child Age: Perceptions of Community Norms by Medical and Legal Professionals Full Text available with Trip Pro

Variation in Acceptable Child Discipline Practices by Child Age: Perceptions of Community Norms by Medical and Legal Professionals Mandated child abuse reporters may judge specific disciplinary practices as unacceptable for young children, whereas child law professionals arbitrating allegations may be less inclusive. Do the views of these groups diverge, by child age, regarding discipline? Judgments of community norms across a wide range of children's ages were obtained from 380 medical

2016 Behavioral sciences & the law

118. Professional discipline and support recommendations for family caregivers of persons with dementia Full Text available with Trip Pro

Professional discipline and support recommendations for family caregivers of persons with dementia Family caregivers of persons with dementia often require support services to help ease the challenges of providing care. Although the efficacy of some dementia caregiver interventions seems apparent, evidence indicating which types of protocols can best meet the diverse needs of individual families is not yet available. Because of this gap, families must often turn to professionals (...) for such guidance, but it remains unknown whether professionals from different disciplines are more inclined to recommend particular types of services than others. This study assessed whether recommendations of supportive interventions to hypothetical dementia family caregivers differed by professional discipline.In a cross-sectional survey design, a convenience sample of 422 dementia care professionals across the USA viewed up to 24 randomly selected, hypothetical scenarios that systematically varied

2016 International Psychogeriatrics

119. Medical student knowledge of oncology and related disciplines: A targeted needs assessment Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medical student knowledge of oncology and related disciplines: A targeted needs assessment Despite increasing numbers of cancer survivors, non-oncology physicians report discomfort and little training regarding oncologic and survivorship care. This pilot study assesses medical student comfort with medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiation oncology, hospice/palliative medicine, and survivorship care. A survey was developed with input from specialists in various fields of oncologic care

2016 Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education

120. Correction: Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002501.].

2016 PLoS biology

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