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81. Evidence-based practice in healthcare: an exploratory cross-discipline comparison of enhancers and barriers. (PubMed)

Evidence-based practice in healthcare: an exploratory cross-discipline comparison of enhancers and barriers. In order to improve health outcomes, healthcare providers need to base practice on current evidence. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore and compare the understanding and experiences with evidence-based practice (EBP) in three different disciplines. Researchers conducted individual interviews with psychiatrists, nurses, and dental hygienists. The majority of study (...) participants demonstrated an understanding of EBP and were able to identify enhancers and barriers to implementing EBP. Using a grounded theory approach, several major themes acting as enhancers and barriers to EBP emerged and revealed both differences and similarities within and across the three health disciplines. While saturation was not attempted, this exploratory research is important in contributing to understanding the cultural practice milieu in relation to individual characteristics

2017 Journal for Healthcare Quality

82. Yoga: An Old Discipline With a New Indication for Reducing Cardiac Arrhythmias

Yoga: An Old Discipline With a New Indication for Reducing Cardiac Arrhythmias "Yoga: An Old Discipline With a New Indication for Reducing Cardiac Arr" by Duane (DJ) Fenn < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-9-2014 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies First Advisor A.J. Sommers Second Advisor Saje Davis-Risen Rights . Abstract Background: Cardiac arrhythmias are any abnormality or disruption of the normal activation sequence (...) trials are needed to give more support to the evidence presented in these studies, Yoga should be implemented in therapy strategies for patients with cardiac arrhythmias. Recommended Citation Fenn, Duane (DJ), "Yoga: An Old Discipline With a New Indication for Reducing Cardiac Arrhythmias" (2014). School of Physician Assistant Studies . 473. https://commons.pacificu.edu/pa/473 DOWNLOADS Since December 19, 2014 Included in Share COinS Browse Search Enter search terms: Select context to search: Authors

2014 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

83. Discipline and Sex Differences in Angle-specific Isokinetic Analysis in Elite Skiers. (PubMed)

Discipline and Sex Differences in Angle-specific Isokinetic Analysis in Elite Skiers. Standard outcomes of traditional isokinetic testing do not detect differences between various muscle mechanical properties. This study i) explored a novel analysis throughout the range of motion based on statistical parametric mapping and ii) examined the impact of sex and discipline on hamstrings/quadriceps torque in elite alpine skiers. Twenty-eight national team skiers (14 females, 14 males; 14 technical (...) , 14 speed) undertook an isokinetic evaluation of the knee flexors/extensors (range 30-90°, 0° representing full extension). There was no effect of sex (p=0.864, d=0.03) and discipline (p=0.360, d=0.17) on maximal hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratio and no effect of discipline on maximal torque (p>0.156, d≤0.25). Hamstrings torque and hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratio were lower in females than males toward knee extension only (p<0.05). Quadriceps torque was greater after 72° of knee flexion in technicians

2019 International Journal of Sports Medicine

84. Illnesses during 11 international athletics championships between 2009 and 2017: incidence, characteristics and sex-specific and discipline-specific differences. (PubMed)

Illnesses during 11 international athletics championships between 2009 and 2017: incidence, characteristics and sex-specific and discipline-specific differences. Illnesses impair athletes' participation and performance. The epidemiology of illness in athletics is limited.To describe the occurrence and characteristics of illnesses during international athletics championships (indoor and outdoor), and to analyse differences with regards to athletes' sex and participation in explosive (...) characteristics. During outdoor championships, the illness IP was higher in endurance than explosive disciplines (RR=1.87; 95% CI 1.58 to 2.23), with a considerably higher IP of exercise-induced illness in endurance disciplines, but a similar upper respiratory tract infection IP in both discipline groups.Illness prevention strategies during international athletics championships should be focused on the most frequent diagnoses in each discipline group.© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re

2019 British Journal of Sports Medicine

85. The evolution of research collaboration within and across disciplines in Italian Academia (PubMed)

The evolution of research collaboration within and across disciplines in Italian Academia In sociology of science much attention is dedicated to the study of scientific networks, especially to co-authorship and citations in publications. Other trends of research have investigated the advantages, limits, performances and difficulties of interdisciplinary research, which is increasingly advocated by the main lines of public research funding. This paper explores the dynamics of interdisciplinary (...) might have affected disciplinary and interdisciplinary collaboration. We also want to cluster the similarities and differences of the amount of disciplinary and interdisciplinary collaboration across scientific disciplines, and see if it changes over time. Finally, we want to see if interdisciplinary projects receive an increasing share of funding compared to their disciplinary bounded counterparts. Our results indicate that while interdisciplinary research diminishes along the years, potentially

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2016 Scientometrics

86. An analysis of the titles of papers submitted to the UK REF in 2014: authors, disciplines, and stylistic details (PubMed)

An analysis of the titles of papers submitted to the UK REF in 2014: authors, disciplines, and stylistic details In 2014 over 52,000 academics submitted >155,500 journal articles in 36 different disciplines for assessment in the UK's four-year Research Evaluation Framework (the REF). In this paper the characteristics of the titles of these papers are assessed. Although these varied considerably between the disciplines, the main findings were that: (i) the lengths of the titles increased (...) with the number of authors in almost all disciplines, (ii) the use of colons and question marks tended to decline with increasing author numbers-although there were a few disciplines, such as economics, where the reverse was evident, (iii) papers published later on in the 4-year period tended to have more authors than those published earlier, and (iv), in some disciplines, the numbers of subsequent citations to papers were higher when the titles were shorter and when they employed colons but lower when

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2016 Scientometrics

87. Computational Cardiology — A New Discipline of Translational Research (PubMed)

Computational Cardiology — A New Discipline of Translational Research 27497711 2017 07 19 2018 12 02 2210-3244 14 4 2016 08 Genomics, proteomics & bioinformatics Genomics Proteomics Bioinformatics Computational Cardiology - A New Discipline of Translational Research. 177-8 10.1016/j.gpb.2016.08.001 S1672-0229(16)30108-5 Meder Benjamin B Institute for Cardiomyopathies, Department of Internal Medicine III, University of Heidelberg, 69120 Heidelberg, Germany; German Centre for Cardiovascular

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2016 Genomics, proteomics & bioinformatics

88. To Educate or To Incarcerate: Factors in Disproportionality in School Discipline (PubMed)

To Educate or To Incarcerate: Factors in Disproportionality in School Discipline The school-to-prison pipeline describes the process by which school suspension/expulsion may push adolescents into the justice system disproportionately based on race/ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and gender. The current study moves the field forward by analyzing a survey of a diverse sample of 2,539 students in 10th to 12th grade in Southern California to examine how demographic, individual, and family factors (...) contribute to disparities in office referral and suspension/expulsion. African Americans, boys, and students whose parents had less education were more likely to be suspended/expelled. Higher levels of student academic preparation for class, hours spent on homework, and academic aspiration were associated with less school discipline. Findings suggest that helping students engage in school may be protective against disproportionate school discipline.

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2016 Children and youth services review

89. Medical student knowledge of oncology and related disciplines: A targeted needs assessment (PubMed)

Medical student knowledge of oncology and related disciplines: A targeted needs assessment Despite increasing numbers of cancer survivors, non-oncology physicians report discomfort and little training regarding oncologic and survivorship care. This pilot study assesses medical student comfort with medical oncology, surgical oncology, radiation oncology, hospice/palliative medicine, and survivorship care. A survey was developed with input from specialists in various fields of oncologic care

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2016 Journal of cancer education : the official journal of the American Association for Cancer Education

90. Correction: Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines (PubMed)

Correction: Multiple Citation Indicators and Their Composite across Scientific Disciplines [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pbio.1002501.].

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2016 PLoS biology

91. “One Health” or Three? Publication Silos Among the One Health Disciplines (PubMed)

“One Health” or Three? Publication Silos Among the One Health Disciplines The One Health initiative is a global effort fostering interdisciplinary collaborations to address challenges in human, animal, and environmental health. While One Health has received considerable press, its benefits remain unclear because its effects have not been quantitatively described. We systematically surveyed the published literature and used social network analysis to measure interdisciplinarity in One Health (...) these communities increased through time in terms of author number, diversity of co-author affiliations, and diversity of citations. However, communities continue to differ in the systems studied, questions asked, and methods employed. While the infectious disease research community has made significant progress toward integrating its participating disciplines, some segregation--especially along the veterinary/ecological research interface--remains.

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2016 PLoS biology

92. Upper Respiratory Tract Diseases in Athletes in Different Sports Disciplines (PubMed)

Upper Respiratory Tract Diseases in Athletes in Different Sports Disciplines Upper respiratory tract diseases in athletes are a very common medical problem. Training conditions in different sports disciplines increase the risk of upper respiratory disease. Epidemiological evidence suggests that heavy acute or chronic exercise is related to an increased incidence of upper respiratory tract infections in athletes. Regular physical exercise at high intensity may lead to transient immunosuppression (...) due to high prevalence of allergic diseases in athletes. Regardless of the cause they can exclude athletes from the training program and significantly impair their performance. In the present work, the most common upper respiratory tract diseases in athletes taking into account the disciplines in which they most often occur were presented. The focus was laid on symptoms, diagnostic methods and pharmacotherapy. Moreover, preventive procedures which can help reduce the occurrence of upper

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2016 Journal of human kinetics

93. Socioeconomic Gaps in Parents' Discipline Strategies From 1988 to 2011. (PubMed)

Socioeconomic Gaps in Parents' Discipline Strategies From 1988 to 2011. The prevalence of corporal punishment is high in the United States despite a 1998 American Academy of Pediatrics policy statement urging against its use. The current study tests whether the socioeconomic difference in its use by parents has changed over the past quarter century. It goes on to test whether socioeconomic differences in the use of nonphysical discipline have also changed over time.Data are drawn from 4 (...) national studies conducted between 1988 and 2011. Each asked how often a kindergarten-aged child was spanked in the past week and what the parents would do if the child misbehaved, with physical discipline, time-out, and talking to child as possible responses. We use regression models to estimate parents' responses to these questions at the 90th, 50th, and 10th percentiles of the income and education distributions and t tests to compare estimates across cohorts.The proportion of mothers at the 50th

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2016 Pediatrics

94. Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral Training in Global Health Through a Novel Joint Project for Trainees from Diverse Disciplines: Benefits, Risks, and Observations. (PubMed)

Interdisciplinary Postdoctoral Training in Global Health Through a Novel Joint Project for Trainees from Diverse Disciplines: Benefits, Risks, and Observations. Postdoctoral training programs are usually highly individualized arrangements between trainees and a limited number of senior mentors in their field, an approach that contrasts with current trends in public health education that promote interdisciplinary training to spur innovation. Herein, we describe an alternative model (...) for postdoctoral training for a group of fellows from distinct disciplines. Fellows work with mentors from diverse fields to create a joint research project or a group of complementary projects, with the goal of developing a new device, intervention, or innovation to address a global health problem. The perceived benefits, challenges, and limitations of this team approach to interdisciplinary postdoctoral training are presented.

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2016 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

95. Effect of Sex and Sporting Discipline on LV Adaptation to Exercise. (PubMed)

Effect of Sex and Sporting Discipline on LV Adaptation to Exercise. This study sought to investigate the effect of different types of exercise on left ventricular (LV) geometry in a large group of female and male athletes.Studies assessing cardiac adaptation in female and male athletes indicate that female athletes reveal smaller increases in LV wall thickness and cavity size compared with male athletes. However, data on sex-specific changes in LV geometry in athletes are scarce.A total (...) /increased RWT).Athletes were engaged in 40 different sporting disciplines with similar participation rates with respect to the type of exercise between females and males. Females exhibited lower LVM (83 ± 17 g/m2 vs. 101 ± 21 g/m2; p < 0.001) and RWT (0.35 ± 0.05 vs. 0.36 ± 0.05; p < 0.001) compared with male athletes. Females also demonstrated lower absolute LV dimensions (49 ± 4 mm vs. 54 ± 5 mm; p < 0.001) but following correction for body surface area, the indexed LV dimensions were greater

2016 JACC. Cardiovascular imaging

96. Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents. (PubMed)

Brief intervention to encourage empathic discipline cuts suspension rates in half among adolescents. Growing suspension rates predict major negative life outcomes, including adult incarceration and unemployment. Experiment 1 tested whether teachers (n = 39) could be encouraged to adopt an empathic rather than punitive mindset about discipline-to value students' perspectives and sustain positive relationships while encouraging better behavior. Experiment 2 tested whether an empathic response (...) to misbehavior would sustain students' (n = 302) respect for teachers and motivation to behave well in class. These hypotheses were confirmed. Finally, a randomized field experiment tested a brief, online intervention to encourage teachers to adopt an empathic mindset about discipline. Evaluated at five middle schools in three districts (Nteachers = 31; Nstudents = 1,682), this intervention halved year-long student suspension rates from 9.6% to 4.8%. It also bolstered respect the most at-risk students

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2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

97. Integrating Care Across Disciplines. (PubMed)

Integrating Care Across Disciplines. Interdisciplinary care teams are important in managing older patients. Geriatric patients with cardiovascular problems represent a unique paradigm for interdisciplinary teams, and patients benefit from the assistance of physicians, nurses, social workers, pharmacists, and therapists collaborating on treatment plans. Teams work on the inpatient and outpatient sides and at patients' homes to maximize function and prevent readmissions to the hospital. Copyright

2016 Clinics in Geriatric Medicine

98. Establishing cross-discipline consensus on contraception, pregnancy and breast feeding-related educational messages and clinical practices to support women with rheumatoid arthritis: an Australian Delphi study. (PubMed)

Establishing cross-discipline consensus on contraception, pregnancy and breast feeding-related educational messages and clinical practices to support women with rheumatoid arthritis: an Australian Delphi study. Recognising the need for a best-practice and consistent approach in providing care to women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to (1) general health, (2) contraception, (3) conception and pregnancy, (4) breast feeding and (5) early parenting, we sought to achieve cross-discipline

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2016 BMJ open

99. Indirect Effects of the Fast Track Intervention on Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Distinct Pathways Involving Discipline and Warmth. (PubMed)

Indirect Effects of the Fast Track Intervention on Conduct Disorder Symptoms and Callous-Unemotional Traits: Distinct Pathways Involving Discipline and Warmth. Little is known about intervening processes that explain how prevention programs improve particular youth antisocial outcomes. We examined whether parental harsh discipline and warmth in childhood differentially account for Fast Track intervention effects on conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and callous-unemotional (CU) traits in early (...) adolescence. Participants included 891 high-risk kindergarteners (69% male; 51% African American) from urban and rural United States communities who were randomized into either the Fast Track intervention (n = 445) or non-intervention control (n = 446) groups. The 10-year intervention included parent management training and other services (e.g., social skills training, universal classroom curriculum) targeting various risk factors for the development of conduct problems. Harsh discipline (Grades 1 to 3

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2016 Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

100. Health informatics and analytics - building a program to integrate business analytics across clinical and administrative disciplines. (PubMed)

Health informatics and analytics - building a program to integrate business analytics across clinical and administrative disciplines. Health care organizations must develop integrated health information systems to respond to the numerous government mandates driving the movement toward reimbursement models emphasizing value-based and accountable care. Success in this transition requires integrated data analytics, supported by the combination of health informatics, interoperability, business

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2016 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association

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