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81. Intramyocellular lipids of muscle type in athletes of different sport disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intramyocellular lipids of muscle type in athletes of different sport disciplines The present study used magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) to examine quantitative differences in intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) contents in various muscle types at rest for individual athletes from different sport disciplines. Five groups consisting of sprinters, alpine skiers, cross-country skiers, endurance runners and untrained healthy male subjects volunteered for this study. Data were acquired using 1H

2017 Open access journal of sports medicine

82. Mapping the Growing Discipline of Dissemination and Implementation Science in Health Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mapping the Growing Discipline of Dissemination and Implementation Science in Health The field of dissemination and implementation (D&I) research in health has grown considerably in the past decade. Despite the potential for advancing the science, limited research has focused on mapping the field.We administered an online survey to individuals in the D&I field to assess participants' demographics and expertise, as well as engagement with journals and conferences, publications, and grants

2017 Scientometrics

83. Personality Measures Link Slower Binocular Rivalry Switch Rates to Higher Levels of Self-Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Personality Measures Link Slower Binocular Rivalry Switch Rates to Higher Levels of Self-Discipline In this paper we investigated the relation between personality and the rate of perceptual alternations during binocular rivalry. Studies have demonstrated that slower rivalry alternations are associated with a range of clinical conditions. It is less clear whether rivalry dynamics similarly co-vary with individual differences in psychological traits seen across non-clinical population. We (...) assessed rivalry rates in a non-clinical population (n = 149) and found slower rivalry alternations were positively related r(149) = 0.20, p = 0.01 to industriousness, a trait characterized by a high level of self-discipline using the Big Five Aspect Scales (BFAS). Switch rates were also negatively related r(149) = -0.20, p = 0.01 to cognitive disorganization, a schizotypy trait capturing schizophrenia-like symptoms of disorganization using the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of feelings and Experiences (O

2017 Frontiers in psychology

84. Experts’ and Novices’ Perception of Ignorance and Knowledge in Different Research Disciplines and Its Relation to Belief in Certainty of Knowledge Full Text available with Trip Pro

Experts’ and Novices’ Perception of Ignorance and Knowledge in Different Research Disciplines and Its Relation to Belief in Certainty of Knowledge Assessments of the extent of knowledge in a domain can be important since non-identified lack of knowledge may lead to decisions that do not consider the effect of relevant factors. Two studies examined experts' and novices' perception of their own ignorance and knowledge out of everything there is to know within their own and other disciplines (...) and their assessments of their discipline's, and other disciplines' knowledge of all there is to know in each discipline. In total 380 experts and 401 students from the disciplines of history, medicine, physics, and psychology participated. The results for ignorance and knowledge assessments of one's own knowledge were similar. Novices reported more ignorance and less knowledge in their own discipline than experts, but no differences were found in the assessments of how much is known in each discipline. General

2017 Frontiers in psychology

85. An Introduction to Terminology and Methodology of Chemical Synergy—Perspectives from Across Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

An Introduction to Terminology and Methodology of Chemical Synergy—Perspectives from Across Disciplines The idea of synergistic interactions between drugs and chemicals has been an important issue in the biomedical world for over a century. As complex diseases, especially cancer, are being treated with various drug cocktails, understanding the interactions among these drugs is increasingly vital to ensuring successful treatment regimens. However, the idea of synergy is not limited to only (...) the biomedical realm and these ideas have developed across many different disciplines, as well. In this review, we first discuss the various terminology surrounding the idea of synergy, providing a comprehensive list of terms defined across numerous disciplines. We then review the most common methodology for detection and quantification of synergy, including the two most prominent reference models for describing additive interactions: Loewe Additivity and Bliss Independence. We also discuss advantages

2017 Frontiers in pharmacology

86. Ramanomics: New Omics Disciplines Using Micro Raman Spectrometry with Biomolecular Component Analysis for Molecular Profiling of Biological Structures Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ramanomics: New Omics Disciplines Using Micro Raman Spectrometry with Biomolecular Component Analysis for Molecular Profiling of Biological Structures Modern instrumentation for Raman microspectroscopy and current techniques in analysis of spectral data provide new opportunities to study molecular interactions and dynamics at subcellular levels in biological systems. Implementation of biomolecular component analysis (BCA) to microRaman spectrometry provides basis for the emergence of Ramanomics (...) , a new biosensing discipline with unprecedented capabilities to measure concentrations of distinct biomolecular groups in live cells and organelles. Here we review the combined use of microRaman-BCA techniques to probe absolute concentrations of proteins, DNA, RNA and lipids in single organelles of live cells. Assessing biomolecular concentration profiles of organelles at the single cell level provides a physiologically relevant set of biomarkers for cellular heterogeneity. In addition, changes

2017 Biosensors

87. Child language and parent discipline mediate the relation between family income and false belief understanding Full Text available with Trip Pro

Child language and parent discipline mediate the relation between family income and false belief understanding Achieving false belief understanding is an important cognitive milestone that allows children to understand that thoughts and reality can differ. Researchers have found that low-income children score significantly lower than middle-income children on false belief understanding but have not examined why this difference exists. We hypothesized that children's language and parent (...) discipline mediate the income-false belief relation. Participants were 174 3- to 6-year-olds. False belief understanding was significantly correlated with family income, children's vocabulary, parents' self-reported discussion of children's behavior, discussion of emotions, and power assertion. Family income had a significant indirect effect on false belief understanding through children's vocabulary and parent discipline when examined independently, but only through children's vocabulary when using

2017 Journal of experimental child psychology

88. Analysis of Changes in Medication Prescriptions After Hospitalization for 4 Disciplines: Gerontology, Diabetology, Cardiology and Rheumatology: Medical, Pharmaceutical and Economic Aspects

Analysis of Changes in Medication Prescriptions After Hospitalization for 4 Disciplines: Gerontology, Diabetology, Cardiology and Rheumatology: Medical, Pharmaceutical and Economic Aspects Analysis of Changes in Medication Prescriptions After Hospitalization for 4 Disciplines: Gerontology, Diabetology, Cardiology and Rheumatology: Medical, Pharmaceutical and Economic Aspects - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting (...) registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Analysis of Changes in Medication Prescriptions After Hospitalization for 4 Disciplines: Gerontology, Diabetology, Cardiology and Rheumatology: Medical, Pharmaceutical and Economic Aspects (PHMEV) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study

2017 Clinical Trials

89. Validity of activity trackers to measure postoperative mobility: a systematic review across surgical disciplines

Validity of activity trackers to measure postoperative mobility: a systematic review across surgical disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

90. Social norms on corporal punishment and child discipline: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative evidence

Social norms on corporal punishment and child discipline: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative evidence Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

91. Identifying Variability in Mental Models Within and Between Disciplines Caring for the Cardiac Surgical Patient. (Abstract)

Identifying Variability in Mental Models Within and Between Disciplines Caring for the Cardiac Surgical Patient. The cardiac operating room is a complex environment requiring efficient and effective communication between multiple disciplines. The objectives of this study were to identify and rank critical time points during the perioperative care of cardiac surgical patients, and to assess variability in responses, as a correlate of a shared mental model, regarding the importance of these time (...) variability for the PPs "before separation from CPB," "before transfer from OR table to bed," and "at time of transfer of care from OR to ICU staff," and high response variability for the remaining 8 PPs. In addition, the perceived importance of each of these PPs varies between disciplines and between institutions.Cardiac surgical providers recognize distinct critical time points during cardiac surgery. However, there is a high degree of variability within and between disciplines as to the importance

2017 Anesthesia and Analgesia

92. Compliance with clothing regulations and traffic flow in the operating room: a multi-centre study of staff discipline during surgical procedures. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Compliance with clothing regulations and traffic flow in the operating room: a multi-centre study of staff discipline during surgical procedures. This multi-centre study assessed operating room (OR) staff compliance with clothing regulations and traffic flow during surgical procedures. Of 1615 surgical attires audited, 56% respected the eight clothing measures. Lack of compliance was mainly due to inappropriate wearing of jewellery (26%) and head coverage (25%). In 212 procedures observed

2017 Journal of Hospital Infection

93. Yoga: An Old Discipline With a New Indication for Reducing Cardiac Arrhythmias

Yoga: An Old Discipline With a New Indication for Reducing Cardiac Arrhythmias "Yoga: An Old Discipline With a New Indication for Reducing Cardiac Arr" by Duane (DJ) Fenn < > > > > > Title Author Date of Graduation Summer 8-9-2014 Degree Type Capstone Project Degree Name Master of Science in Physician Assistant Studies First Advisor A.J. Sommers Second Advisor Saje Davis-Risen Rights . Abstract Background: Cardiac arrhythmias are any abnormality or disruption of the normal activation sequence (...) trials are needed to give more support to the evidence presented in these studies, Yoga should be implemented in therapy strategies for patients with cardiac arrhythmias. Recommended Citation Fenn, Duane (DJ), "Yoga: An Old Discipline With a New Indication for Reducing Cardiac Arrhythmias" (2014). School of Physician Assistant Studies . 473. https://commons.pacificu.edu/pa/473 DOWNLOADS Since December 19, 2014 Included in Share COinS Browse Search Enter search terms: Select context to search: Authors

2014 Pacific University EBM Capstone Project

94. Discipline and Sex Differences in Angle-specific Isokinetic Analysis in Elite Skiers. (Abstract)

Discipline and Sex Differences in Angle-specific Isokinetic Analysis in Elite Skiers. Standard outcomes of traditional isokinetic testing do not detect differences between various muscle mechanical properties. This study i) explored a novel analysis throughout the range of motion based on statistical parametric mapping and ii) examined the impact of sex and discipline on hamstrings/quadriceps torque in elite alpine skiers. Twenty-eight national team skiers (14 females, 14 males; 14 technical (...) , 14 speed) undertook an isokinetic evaluation of the knee flexors/extensors (range 30-90°, 0° representing full extension). There was no effect of sex (p=0.864, d=0.03) and discipline (p=0.360, d=0.17) on maximal hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratio and no effect of discipline on maximal torque (p>0.156, d≤0.25). Hamstrings torque and hamstrings-to-quadriceps ratio were lower in females than males toward knee extension only (p<0.05). Quadriceps torque was greater after 72° of knee flexion in technicians

2019 International Journal of Sports Medicine

95. Illnesses during 11 international athletics championships between 2009 and 2017: incidence, characteristics and sex-specific and discipline-specific differences. (Abstract)

Illnesses during 11 international athletics championships between 2009 and 2017: incidence, characteristics and sex-specific and discipline-specific differences. Illnesses impair athletes' participation and performance. The epidemiology of illness in athletics is limited.To describe the occurrence and characteristics of illnesses during international athletics championships (indoor and outdoor), and to analyse differences with regards to athletes' sex and participation in explosive (...) characteristics. During outdoor championships, the illness IP was higher in endurance than explosive disciplines (RR=1.87; 95% CI 1.58 to 2.23), with a considerably higher IP of exercise-induced illness in endurance disciplines, but a similar upper respiratory tract infection IP in both discipline groups.Illness prevention strategies during international athletics championships should be focused on the most frequent diagnoses in each discipline group.© Author(s) (or their employer(s)) 2019. No commercial re

2019 British Journal of Sports Medicine

96. Innovation as Discipline, Not Fad. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Innovation as Discipline, Not Fad. 26267619 2015 08 20 2015 08 13 1533-4406 373 7 2015 Aug 13 The New England journal of medicine N. Engl. J. Med. Innovation as Discipline, Not Fad. 592-4 10.1056/NEJMp1506311 Asch David A DA From the Center for Health Care Innovation, University of Pennsylvania (D.A.A., R.R.), and the Center for Health Equity Research and Promotion, Philadelphia Veterans Affairs Medical Center (D.A.A.) - both in Philadelphia. Rosin Roy R eng Journal Article United States N Engl

2015 NEJM

97. Discipline

Discipline Discipline Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Discipline Discipline Aka: Discipline , Misbehavior II. Causes (...) : Misbehavior Intrinsic factors Child tired, bored or hungry Child needs greater adult attention Psychosocial confounding factors Parent divorce or separation Severe poverty Parental mental illness or Associated conditions ( ) III. Background: Components of an effective Discipline system Positive, supportive parent-child relationship Playful and warm, affectionate relationship Periodically take time to observe a child's behavior Respond to best behaviors with increased attention Keep consistent daily

2018 FP Notebook

98. Completeness of main outcomes across randomized trials in entire discipline: survey of chronic lung disease outcomes in preterm infants. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Completeness of main outcomes across randomized trials in entire discipline: survey of chronic lung disease outcomes in preterm infants. To map the availability of information on a major clinical outcome--chronic lung disease--across the randomized controlled trials in systematic reviews of an entire specialty, specifically interventions in preterm infants.Survey of systematic reviews.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews.All Cochrane systematic reviews (as of November 2013) that had

2015 BMJ

99. Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools

Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools | RAND Objective Analysis. Effective Solutions. Site-wide navigation Trending Topics Featured Research Activities Spotlight Commentary: Commentary: By Research Area Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. Who We Work (...) an with the subtitle, “Are America's teachers a bunch of racists? Democrats seem to think so.” At the heart of this dispute is whether racial discipline disparities reflect discriminatory discipline practices by educators. On one hand, discriminatory school discipline practices—punishing different groups differently for similar behaviors—certainly could contribute to the disparities we see. Researchers have found evidence of both implicit and intentional forms of bias in many parts of American life, and that bias

2017 The RAND blog

100. Systematic review of barriers and enablers of knowledge translation for allied health disciplines

Systematic review of barriers and enablers of knowledge translation for allied health disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2017 PROSPERO

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