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61. Improving undergraduate STEM education: The efficacy of discipline-based professional development Full Text available with Trip Pro

Improving undergraduate STEM education: The efficacy of discipline-based professional development We sought to determine whether instructional practices used by undergraduate faculty in the geosciences have shifted from traditional teacher-centered lecture toward student-engaged teaching practices and to evaluate whether the national professional development program On the Cutting Edge (hereinafter Cutting Edge) has been a contributing factor in this change. We surveyed geoscience faculty

2017 Science advances

62. Child Negative Emotionality and Parental Harsh Discipline in Chinese Preschoolers: The Different Mediating Roles of Maternal and Paternal Anxiety Full Text available with Trip Pro

Child Negative Emotionality and Parental Harsh Discipline in Chinese Preschoolers: The Different Mediating Roles of Maternal and Paternal Anxiety Previous research has suggested that harsh discipline is still prevalent in modern Chinese families and it is necessary to explore the cause and the potential mechanisms of Chinese parental use of harsh discipline. This study examined the mediating effects of parental anxiety in the relations between child negative emotionality and parental harsh (...) discipline in China. Using a sample of 328 Chinese father-mother dyads with their young children, findings revealed that maternal anxiety mediated the relations between child negative emotionality and maternal psychological aggression and corporal punishment, but the mediating effects of paternal anxiety on the relations between child negative emotionality and paternal harsh discipline was not significant. The findings provide an important supplement and extension to previous examinations of the factors

2017 Frontiers in psychology

63. Parental Attributions of Control for Child Behaviour and Their Relation to Discipline Practices in Parents of Children with and Without Developmental Delays Full Text available with Trip Pro

Parental Attributions of Control for Child Behaviour and Their Relation to Discipline Practices in Parents of Children with and Without Developmental Delays Children with developmental delays (DD) are at risk for developing behavior problems. Research suggests that parents' causal attributions for child behavior are related to parenting. This study investigated this association in parents of children with DD compared to parents of typically developing (TD) children. It specifically focused (...) on attributions of child control by separating these from attributions of responsibility, blame and intent, and from attributions of parent control and responsibility. Fifty-one parents of children with DD and 69 parents of TD children completed two questionnaires. The Written Analogue Questionnaire measured causal attributions. The Parenting Scale measured dysfunctional discipline practices. Parents of children with DD viewed the child's role in problematic behavior more positively while also viewing

2017 Journal of Child and Family Studies

64. Who support open access publishing? Gender, discipline, seniority and other factors associated with academics’ OA practice Full Text available with Trip Pro

Who support open access publishing? Gender, discipline, seniority and other factors associated with academics’ OA practice This paper presents the findings from a survey study of UK academics and their publishing behaviour. The aim of this study is to investigate academics' attitudes towards and practice of open access (OA) publishing. The results are based on a survey study of academics at 12 Russell Group universities, and reflect responses from over 1800 researchers. This study found (...) that whilst most academics support the principle of making knowledge freely available to everyone, the use of OA publishing among UK academics was still limited despite relevant established OA policies. The results suggest that there were differences in the extent of OA practice between different universities, academic disciplines, age and seniorities. Academics' use in OA publishing was also related to their awareness of OA policy and OA repositories, their attitudes towards the importance of OA

2017 Scientometrics

65. The Influence of Mid-Event Deception on Psychophysiological Status and Pacing Can Persist across Consecutive Disciplines and Enhance Self-paced Multi-modal Endurance Performance Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Influence of Mid-Event Deception on Psychophysiological Status and Pacing Can Persist across Consecutive Disciplines and Enhance Self-paced Multi-modal Endurance Performance Purpose: To examine the effects of deceptively aggressive bike pacing on performance, pacing, and associated physiological and perceptual responses during simulated sprint-distance triathlon. Methods: Ten non-elite, competitive male triathletes completed three simulated sprint-distance triathlons (0.75 km swim, 500 kJ

2017 Frontiers in physiology

66. Dilemma of healthcare reform and invention of new discipline of health fiscalogy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dilemma of healthcare reform and invention of new discipline of health fiscalogy China's Reform and Open up Policy in 1980s has brought rapid economic development to Chinese society. With the deepening of economic reform, the withdrawal of the state in China has had visible and worrisome consequences for health and for the functioning of health services. The new round of healthcare reform after 2009 has made significant achievements on improving fundamental health and bringing back the nature (...) of welfare of health. However, the financing mechanism of health system has not been established, and the underlying reason behind the healthcare reform dilemma and the theoretical solution need to be found.This study used the methods of literature review, theoretical research and comparative research to summarize and analyze the reasons and solutions of current dilemma in healthcare reform, and created the new discipline of health fiscalogy through theoretical analysis and vertical and horizontal

2016 Global health research and policy

67. Uneven distribution of professors and instructors in medical disciplines dealing with the four main chronic non-communicable diseases: the case of the Italian Universities Full Text available with Trip Pro

Uneven distribution of professors and instructors in medical disciplines dealing with the four main chronic non-communicable diseases: the case of the Italian Universities Chronic (non-communicable) diseases (NCD) -- principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes -- are leading causes of death and disability. There is the need to adopt a core University curriculum which let students be taught by teachers who are experts of the four main NCD, for reaching (...) the public health goals proposed by the UN and the WHO.Our aim was to assess whether all medical students, regardless of the Italian university of enrolment, have an equal opportunity to be educated by an expert teacher in each of the four NCD. We have used the search engine http://cercauniversita.cineca.it/php5/docenti/cerca.php.In January 2016, for each of the 43 universities with a school of medicine, we have assessed the presence of professors / instructors for each of the four academic disciplines

2017 Multidisciplinary respiratory medicine

68. Perception of educational environment among undergraduate students of health disciplines in an Iranian university Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perception of educational environment among undergraduate students of health disciplines in an Iranian university This paper seeks to determine the perception of Medical, Nursing and Midwifery students about their educational environment and compare their perceptions in terms of disciplines, demographic attributes and academic level.In this cross-sectional study, Medical, Nursing and Midwifery students in Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran, were selected using stratified random sampling (...) ±8, 23.4±6, 18±5.5, 25.5±7.7 and 15.8±4, respectively. In the first four domains (p=0.000, F=27.35), (p=0.000, F=9.9), (p=0.000, F=18.5), (p=0.000, t=18.7) and for total scores (p=0.000, F=22.77), the three disciplines were significantly different. Also, there was a significant difference between mean total score (p=0.021, t=2.3) and scores of students' perception of learning (p=0.008, t=2.65) and social conditions (p=0.022, t=2.3) with respect to gender.According to these results, students tend

2017 International Journal of Medical Education

69. What is medicinal chemistry? – Demystifying a rapidly evolving discipline! Full Text available with Trip Pro

What is medicinal chemistry? – Demystifying a rapidly evolving discipline! Medicinal chemistry is a scientific discipline that has progressed rapidly over the last few decades. Facilitated by the technological advancement, the early understanding of medicinal chemistry as "synthesizing bioactive molecules" has become the connecting bridge of a variety of related scientific disciplines. This opinion article will guide you through a brief evolution of this discipline and discuss what medicinal

2017 Medchemcomm

70. A multi-centre student survey on weighing disciplines in medical curricula – a pilot study Full Text available with Trip Pro

A multi-centre student survey on weighing disciplines in medical curricula – a pilot study Aim: Initiated by students, this pilot study examines how obtaining medical students' perspectives via a structured online survey may prove useful for curriculum deliberation. Methods: In 2012, 747 students of 32 medical faculties in Germany assessed disciplines specified in the Medical Licensure Act (AÄpprO) thereby concerning the allocation of teaching time, perceived usefulness regarding preparation (...) clinical-theoretical disciplines (e.g. pharmacology) are in the top ten regarding perceived preparation for state examination, too. Students who consider choosing internal medicine for future work rate associated disciplines significantly higher regarding usefulness for clinical practice (e.g. pharmacology) or motivation for studying (e.g. microbiology) than other students do. Conclusion: A simple survey reveals interesting data on students' perceptions and ideas of medical studies. Though the data

2017 GMS journal for medical education

71. Identifying economics’ place amongst academic disciplines: a science or a social science? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Identifying economics’ place amongst academic disciplines: a science or a social science? Different academic disciplines exhibit different styles, including styles in journal titles. Using data from the 2014 Research Excellence Framework (REF) in the UK we are able to identify the stylistic trends of different disciplines using 155,552 journal titles across all disciplines. Cluster analysis is then used to group the different disciplines together. The resulting identification fits the social

2017 Scientometrics

72. Waiting can be an optimal conservation strategy, even in a crisis discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Waiting can be an optimal conservation strategy, even in a crisis discipline Biodiversity conservation projects confront immediate and escalating threats with limited funding. Conservation theory suggests that the best response to the species extinction crisis is to spend money as soon as it becomes available, and this is often an explicit constraint placed on funding. We use a general dynamic model of a conservation landscape to show that this decision to "front-load" project spending can

2017 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

73. Master of Science (MSc) Program in Radiation Biology: An Interdepartmental Course Bridging the Gap between Radiation-Related Preclinical and Clinical Disciplines to Prepare Next-Generation Medical Scientists Full Text available with Trip Pro

Master of Science (MSc) Program in Radiation Biology: An Interdepartmental Course Bridging the Gap between Radiation-Related Preclinical and Clinical Disciplines to Prepare Next-Generation Medical Scientists Radiation biology is a highly interdisciplinary field at the interface of biology, physics, and medicine. It is characterized by rapid advances in biological and technical knowledge. The potential for using these advances to optimize medical care, radiation protection, and related fields

2017 Frontiers in oncology

74. The Grand Challenges for Evolutionary Psychology: Survival Challenges for a Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Grand Challenges for Evolutionary Psychology: Survival Challenges for a Discipline 29021773 2018 11 13 1664-1078 8 2017 Frontiers in psychology Front Psychol The Grand Challenges for Evolutionary Psychology: Survival Challenges for a Discipline. 1727 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01727 Jonason Peter K PK School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, Australia. eng Editorial 2017 09 27 Switzerland Front Psychol 101550902 1664-1078 evolutionary psychology life

2017 Frontiers in psychology

75. Lifeblood of a discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lifeblood of a discipline 29025811 2018 06 14 2018 11 13 1715-5258 63 10 2017 10 Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician Lifeblood of a discipline. 813 White David D eng Journal Article Canada Can Fam Physician 0120300 0008-350X IM Biomedical Research standards Canada Family Practice standards Humans 2017 10 14 6 0 2017 10 14 6 0 2018 6 15 6 0 ppublish 29025811 63/10/813 PMC5638482 Can Fam Physician. 2004 Sep;50:1189-91, 1197-9 15508359 Can Fam Physician. 2007

2017 Canadian Family Physician

76. Le poumon d’une discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Le poumon d’une discipline 29025812 2017 12 19 1715-5258 63 10 2017 Oct Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician 814 White David D fre Journal Article Le poumon d’une discipline. Canada Can Fam Physician 0120300 0008-350X 2017 10 14 6 0 2017 10 14 6 0 2017 10 14 6 1 ppublish 29025812 63/10/814 PMC5638483

2017 Canadian Family Physician

77. Prof. Anwen Liu: promoting knowledge in medicine and discipline construction, bring benefits to patients Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prof. Anwen Liu: promoting knowledge in medicine and discipline construction, bring benefits to patients 29057106 2017 12 19 2072-1439 9 Suppl 11 2017 Oct Journal of thoracic disease J Thorac Dis Prof. Anwen Liu: promoting knowledge in medicine and discipline construction, bring benefits to patients. S1190-S1194 10.21037/jtd.2017.09.147 Wang Molly M Ma Lynn L eng News China J Thorac Dis 101533916 2072-1439 Conflicts of Interest: The authors have no conflicts of interest to declare. 2017 10 24 6

2017 Journal of thoracic disease

78. Medical Informatics as Academic and Scientific Discipline in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Twenty Five Years of Experiences from Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo Full Text available with Trip Pro

Medical Informatics as Academic and Scientific Discipline in Bosnia and Herzegovina – Twenty Five Years of Experiences from Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo 28883670 2018 11 13 0353-8109 25 2 2017 Jun Acta informatica medica : AIM : journal of the Society for Medical Informatics of Bosnia & Herzegovina : casopis Drustva za medicinsku informatiku BiH Acta Inform Med Medical Informatics as Academic and Scientific Discipline in Bosnia and Herzegovina - Twenty Five Years of Experiences

2017 Acta Informatica Medica

79. Implications of not matching to a first-choice discipline: a family medicine perspective Full Text available with Trip Pro

Implications of not matching to a first-choice discipline: a family medicine perspective Family medicine is often selected as an alternate career choice by medical students who do not match to their first choice discipline. Consequently, family medicine residency programs accept and train some residents who prepared for and intended a career in another specialty. The implications of this warrant investigation.Graduates (2006-2011) of Albertan family medicine residency programs were surveyed (...) to examine differences between physicians who indicated family medicine was their first choice discipline and those who indicated that it was not their first choice. Survey questions targeted practice location, preparedness for practice, perceptions of family medicine, lifestyle satisfaction, and well-being. Principal components analysis was used to examine the factor structure of our survey items and ANOVA and Chi square were used to compare mean scores and proportions, respectively.The overall response

2017 Canadian medical education journal

80. Exponentially Modified Peak Functions in Biomedical Sciences and Related Disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Exponentially Modified Peak Functions in Biomedical Sciences and Related Disciplines In many cases relevant to biomedicine, a variable time, which features a certain distribution, is required for objects of interest to pass from an initial to an intermediate state, out of which they exit at random to a final state. In such cases, the distribution of variable times between exiting the initial and entering the final state must conform to the convolution of the first distribution and a negative

2017 Computational and mathematical methods in medicine

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