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41. The value of a cross-discipline team-based approach for resection of renal cell carcinoma with IVC tumor thrombus: A report of a large, contemporary, single-institution experience. (PubMed)

The value of a cross-discipline team-based approach for resection of renal cell carcinoma with IVC tumor thrombus: A report of a large, contemporary, single-institution experience. We report the evolution of the largest, contemporary, single-institution experience with this complex procedure to highlight the value of a cross-discipline, team-based approach.Patients from a prospectively maintained database who underwent resection of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor (...) to 2010 and 89 from 2011 to 2016. All procedures since 2011 were performed by the same cross-discipline dedicated team of two surgeons, composed of a surgical and urological oncologist. When comparing the two time-periods, the team-approach after 2011 had shorter operative-times (5.3 vs 6.7 hours; P = 0.009), decreased ICU-utilization (25% vs 72%; P < 0.001), and decreased ICU length-of-stay (0.4 vs 2.2 days; P = 0.001). This group also trended towards less blood loss (1.2 vs 1.8 L), shorter average

2018 Journal of Surgical Oncology

42. Addressing Gender Inequality in Our Disciplines: Report from the Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Division Chiefs. (PubMed)

Addressing Gender Inequality in Our Disciplines: Report from the Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Division Chiefs. Despite the increasing proportion of women in U.S. medical schools, there are relatively few women in leadership positions, and a number of recent publications have highlighted many factors that could contribute to gender inequity and inequality in medicine. The Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Division Directors, an organization of Division

2018 Annals of the American Thoracic Society

43. Between empowerment and self-discipline: Governing patients' conduct through technological self-care. (PubMed)

Between empowerment and self-discipline: Governing patients' conduct through technological self-care. Recent health policy renders patients increasingly responsible for managing their health via digital technology such as health apps and online patient platforms. This paper discusses underlying tensions between empowerment and self-discipline embodied in discourses of technological self-care. It presents findings from documentary analysis and interviews with key players in the English digital (...) health context including policy makers, health designers and patient organisations. We show how discourses ascribe to patients an enterprising identity, which is inculcated with economic interests and engenders self-discipline. However, this reading does not capture all implications of technological self-care. A governmentality lens also shows that technological self-care opens up the potential for a de-centring of medical knowledge and its subsequent communalization. The paper contributes

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2018 Social Science & Medicine

44. Differences in the outcomes of adjuvant chemotherapy for colon cancer prescribed by physicians in different disciplines: a population-based study in Taiwan. (PubMed)

Differences in the outcomes of adjuvant chemotherapy for colon cancer prescribed by physicians in different disciplines: a population-based study in Taiwan. One feature unique to the Taiwanese healthcare system is the ability of physicians other than oncologists to prescribe systemic chemotherapy. This study investigated whether the care paths implemented by oncologists and non-oncologists differ with regard to patient outcomes.Data from the Taiwan Cancer Registry and National Health Insurance (...) cancer but for whom this was not the first primary cancer. The variables included sex, age, comorbidities, disease stage, chemotherapy cycle and changes in treatment regimen as well as the specialty of treatment providers and their case volume. Cox regression models and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to examine differences in outcomes in the matched cohorts.We examined 3534 patients who were prescribed adjuvant chemotherapy by physicians from different disciplines. In terms of 5-year disease-free

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2018 BMJ open

45. The Children's Oncology Group Radiation Oncology Discipline: 15 Years of Contributions to the Treatment of Childhood Cancer. (PubMed)

The Children's Oncology Group Radiation Oncology Discipline: 15 Years of Contributions to the Treatment of Childhood Cancer. Our aim was to review the advances in radiation therapy for the management of pediatric cancers made by the Children's Oncology Group (COG) radiation oncology discipline since its inception in 2000.The various radiation oncology disease site leaders reviewed the contributions and advances in pediatric oncology made through the work of the COG. They have presented outcomes (...) of relevant studies and summarized current treatment policies developed by consensus from experts in the field.The indications and techniques for pediatric radiation therapy have evolved considerably over the years for virtually all pediatric tumor types, resulting in improved cure rates together with the potential for decreased treatment-related morbidity and mortality.The COG radiation oncology discipline has made significant contributions toward the treatment of childhood cancer. Our discipline

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2018 Biology and Physics

46. Psychiatry: A discipline at specific risk of mental health issues and addictive behavior? Results from the national BOURBON study. (PubMed)

Psychiatry: A discipline at specific risk of mental health issues and addictive behavior? Results from the national BOURBON study. Physicians are at risk for burnout, anxiety and depression.To explore the self-reported mental health status, substance use behavior and motives of a national sample of interns in psychiatry compared to other specialties.Interns of the 35 French Medicine faculties were recruited through mailing lists and social networks between December 2016 and May 2018

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

47. Motor imagery ability assessments in four disciplines: protocol for a systematic review. (PubMed)

Motor imagery ability assessments in four disciplines: protocol for a systematic review. Motor imagery (MI) is a very popular and well-accepted technique in different disciplines. Originating from sport and psychology, MI is now also used in the field of medicine and education. Several studies confirmed the benefits of MI to facilitate motor learning and skill acquisition. The findings indicated that individual's MI ability might influence the effectiveness of MI interventions. Over the last (...) two centuries, researchers have developed several assessments to evaluate MI's abstract construct. However, no systematic reviews (SR) exist for MI ability evaluation methods and their measurement properties.The SR will evaluate available MI ability assessments and their psychometric properties in four relevant disciplines: sports, psychology, medicine and education. This involves performing searches in SPORTDiscus, PsycINFO, Cochrane Library, Scopus, Web of Science and ERIC. Working independently

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2018 BMJ open

48. Best selection of motor imagery ability assessments in four different disciplines: protocol for a systematic review

Best selection of motor imagery ability assessments in four different disciplines: protocol for a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2017 PROSPERO

49. How to maximise citation impact of research articles a mapping review of 'Pre-Publication' factors and its impact on citation frequency in medicine and health-related disciplines

How to maximise citation impact of research articles a mapping review of 'Pre-Publication' factors and its impact on citation frequency in medicine and health-related disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email

2017 PROSPERO

50. Systematic review of the effectiveness of knowledge translation strategies for allied health disciplines

Systematic review of the effectiveness of knowledge translation strategies for allied health disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web

2017 PROSPERO

51. Systematic review of barriers and enablers of knowledge translation for allied health disciplines

Systematic review of barriers and enablers of knowledge translation for allied health disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2017 PROSPERO

52. Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open

Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open — Less is More Medicine Discover Act About Nanaimo BC Phone Number Putting the focus on effective, appropriate, and good-value healthcare Your Custom Text Here January 17, 2018 Curious about which areas of medicine have more problems with overdiagnosis than others? Wondering in which fields the problem has been studied extensively? A group from

2018 Less is More in Medicine Blog

53. Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open

Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open — Less is More Medicine Discover Act About Nanaimo BC Phone Number Putting the focus on effective, appropriate, and good-value healthcare Your Custom Text Here January 17, 2018 Curious about which areas of medicine have more problems with overdiagnosis than others? Wondering in which fields the problem has been studied extensively? A group from

2018 Less is More in Medicine Blog

54. Dilemma of healthcare reform and invention of new discipline of health fiscalogy (PubMed)

Dilemma of healthcare reform and invention of new discipline of health fiscalogy China's Reform and Open up Policy in 1980s has brought rapid economic development to Chinese society. With the deepening of economic reform, the withdrawal of the state in China has had visible and worrisome consequences for health and for the functioning of health services. The new round of healthcare reform after 2009 has made significant achievements on improving fundamental health and bringing back the nature (...) of welfare of health. However, the financing mechanism of health system has not been established, and the underlying reason behind the healthcare reform dilemma and the theoretical solution need to be found.This study used the methods of literature review, theoretical research and comparative research to summarize and analyze the reasons and solutions of current dilemma in healthcare reform, and created the new discipline of health fiscalogy through theoretical analysis and vertical and horizontal

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2016 Global health research and policy

55. Personality Measures Link Slower Binocular Rivalry Switch Rates to Higher Levels of Self-Discipline (PubMed)

Personality Measures Link Slower Binocular Rivalry Switch Rates to Higher Levels of Self-Discipline In this paper we investigated the relation between personality and the rate of perceptual alternations during binocular rivalry. Studies have demonstrated that slower rivalry alternations are associated with a range of clinical conditions. It is less clear whether rivalry dynamics similarly co-vary with individual differences in psychological traits seen across non-clinical population. We (...) assessed rivalry rates in a non-clinical population (n = 149) and found slower rivalry alternations were positively related r(149) = 0.20, p = 0.01 to industriousness, a trait characterized by a high level of self-discipline using the Big Five Aspect Scales (BFAS). Switch rates were also negatively related r(149) = -0.20, p = 0.01 to cognitive disorganization, a schizotypy trait capturing schizophrenia-like symptoms of disorganization using the Oxford-Liverpool Inventory of feelings and Experiences (O

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2017 Frontiers in psychology

56. The Influence of Mid-Event Deception on Psychophysiological Status and Pacing Can Persist across Consecutive Disciplines and Enhance Self-paced Multi-modal Endurance Performance (PubMed)

The Influence of Mid-Event Deception on Psychophysiological Status and Pacing Can Persist across Consecutive Disciplines and Enhance Self-paced Multi-modal Endurance Performance Purpose: To examine the effects of deceptively aggressive bike pacing on performance, pacing, and associated physiological and perceptual responses during simulated sprint-distance triathlon. Methods: Ten non-elite, competitive male triathletes completed three simulated sprint-distance triathlons (0.75 km swim, 500 kJ

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2017 Frontiers in physiology

57. A Review of Living Collections with Special Emphasis on Sustainability and Its Impact on Research Across Multiple Disciplines (PubMed)

A Review of Living Collections with Special Emphasis on Sustainability and Its Impact on Research Across Multiple Disciplines Formal living collections have unique characteristics that distinguish them from other types of biorepositories. Comprising diverse resources, microbe culture collections, crop and biodiversity plant germplasm collections, and animal germplasm repositories are commonly allied with specific research communities or stakeholder groups. Among living collections, microbial

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2017 Biopreservation and biobanking

58. Supporting precision medicine by data mining across multi-disciplines: an integrative approach for generating comprehensive linkages between single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and drug-binding sites (PubMed)

Supporting precision medicine by data mining across multi-disciplines: an integrative approach for generating comprehensive linkages between single nucleotide variants (SNVs) and drug-binding sites Genetic variants in drug targets and metabolizing enzymes often have important functional implications, including altering the efficacy and toxicity of drugs. Identifying single nucleotide variants (SNVs) that contribute to differences in drug response and understanding their underlying mechanisms

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2017 Bioinformatics

59. Macronutrient Intakes in 553 Dutch Elite and Sub-Elite Endurance, Team, and Strength Athletes: Does Intake Differ between Sport Disciplines? (PubMed)

Macronutrient Intakes in 553 Dutch Elite and Sub-Elite Endurance, Team, and Strength Athletes: Does Intake Differ between Sport Disciplines? Web-based 24-h dietary recalls and questionnaires were obtained from 553 Dutch well-trained athletes. The total energy and macronutrient intake was compared between discipline-categories (endurance, team, and strength) within gender, and dietary inadequacy, i.e., too low or high intakes, according to selected recommendations and guidelines, was evaluated (...) by applying a probability approach. On average, 2.83 days per person were reported with a mean energy intake of 2566-2985 kcal and 1997-2457 kcal per day, for men and women, respectively. Between disciplines, small differences in the mean intake of energy and macronutrients were seen for both men and women. Overall, 80% of the athletes met the suggested lower-limit sport nutrition recommendation of 1.2 g·kg-1 of protein per day. The carbohydrate intake of 50%-80% of athletes was between 3 and 5 g·kg-1

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2017 Nutrients

60. Improving undergraduate STEM education: The efficacy of discipline-based professional development (PubMed)

Improving undergraduate STEM education: The efficacy of discipline-based professional development We sought to determine whether instructional practices used by undergraduate faculty in the geosciences have shifted from traditional teacher-centered lecture toward student-engaged teaching practices and to evaluate whether the national professional development program On the Cutting Edge (hereinafter Cutting Edge) has been a contributing factor in this change. We surveyed geoscience faculty

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2017 Science advances

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