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41. Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review. (PubMed)

Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review. To provide insight into how and in what clinical fields overdiagnosis is studied and give directions for further applied and methodological research.Scoping review.Medline up to August 2017.All English studies on humans, in which overdiagnosis was discussed as a dominant theme.Studies were assessed on clinical field, study aim (ie, methodological or non-methodological), article type (eg, primary study, review), the type and role

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2017 BMJ open

42. The perspectives of medical specialists from different disciplines on the management of systemic lupus erythematosus: an interview study. (PubMed)

The perspectives of medical specialists from different disciplines on the management of systemic lupus erythematosus: an interview study. Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a complex autoimmune disease that can affect multiple organ systems, with specialists from many disciplines often involved, which may lead to inconsistent care. We aimed to describe the attitudes and perspectives of specialists from different medical disciplines on the management of people with SLE.Face-to-face

2017 Arthritis care & research

43. Disability rights in Higher Education Programs: The case of medical schools and other health-related disciplines. (PubMed)

Disability rights in Higher Education Programs: The case of medical schools and other health-related disciplines. Recognising and respecting the human rights of persons with disabilities constitutes an integral element of a democratic society. This caveat has been long articulated in health professionals' rhetoric on the importance of embedding a human rights discourse in the protection and promotion of individual and global health. Having signed and ratified the International Convention (...) on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD), state parties are expected to educate doctors and other health professionals to understand the human rights dimension of disability. This article is concerned with exploring the extent to which the programmes and curriculum outlines in medical schools and other health-related academic disciplines are informed by concerns about promoting disability rights education. Further, it discusses some future directions for monitoring the implementation

2017 Social Science & Medicine

44. Nano- and neurotoxicology: an emerging discipline. (PubMed)

Nano- and neurotoxicology: an emerging discipline. The present critical review analyzes the question of how nanoparticles from continuously growing industrial production and use of nanomaterials may impact human brain health. Available evidence suggests incomplete effectiveness of protective barriers of the brain against nanoparticles translocation to the brain. This raises concerns of potential effects of manufactured nanoparticles on brain functions, given that nanoparticle's potential (...) in a novel discipline, with its specific tools and methods of investigation, should enable answering still unresolved questions.Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

2017 Progress in Neurobiology

45. Identifying Variability in Mental Models Within and Between Disciplines Caring for the Cardiac Surgical Patient. (PubMed)

Identifying Variability in Mental Models Within and Between Disciplines Caring for the Cardiac Surgical Patient. The cardiac operating room is a complex environment requiring efficient and effective communication between multiple disciplines. The objectives of this study were to identify and rank critical time points during the perioperative care of cardiac surgical patients, and to assess variability in responses, as a correlate of a shared mental model, regarding the importance of these time (...) variability for the PPs "before separation from CPB," "before transfer from OR table to bed," and "at time of transfer of care from OR to ICU staff," and high response variability for the remaining 8 PPs. In addition, the perceived importance of each of these PPs varies between disciplines and between institutions.Cardiac surgical providers recognize distinct critical time points during cardiac surgery. However, there is a high degree of variability within and between disciplines as to the importance

2017 Anesthesia and Analgesia

46. Compliance with clothing regulations and traffic flow in the operating room: a multi-centre study of staff discipline during surgical procedures. (PubMed)

Compliance with clothing regulations and traffic flow in the operating room: a multi-centre study of staff discipline during surgical procedures. This multi-centre study assessed operating room (OR) staff compliance with clothing regulations and traffic flow during surgical procedures. Of 1615 surgical attires audited, 56% respected the eight clothing measures. Lack of compliance was mainly due to inappropriate wearing of jewellery (26%) and head coverage (25%). In 212 procedures observed

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2017 Journal of Hospital Infection

47. Neuropelveology: An Emerging Discipline for the Management of Chronic Pelvic Pain (PubMed)

Neuropelveology: An Emerging Discipline for the Management of Chronic Pelvic Pain Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common condition involving multiple, organ-specific medical specialties, each with its own approach to diagnosis and treatment. Management requires knowledge of the interplay between pelvic organ function and neuro-functional anatomy, and of the neurologic and psychological aspects of CPP, but no current specialty fully encompasses this approach. Neuropelveology is an emerging (...) discipline focusing on pathologies of the pelvic nervous system on a cross-disciplinary basis. It involves a neurological/neurosurgical approach, combining the knowledge required for a proper neurologic diagnosis, confirmation by transvaginal/transrectal examination of the pelvic nerves, and advanced laparoscopic surgery in selected cases of CPP. The management of CPP requires multidisciplinary contributions, and neuropelveology may offer an educational framework for the interdisciplinary exchange

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2017 International neurourology journal

48. Developmental biology, the stem cell of biological disciplines (PubMed)

Developmental biology, the stem cell of biological disciplines Developmental biology (including embryology) is proposed as "the stem cell of biological disciplines." Genetics, cell biology, oncology, immunology, evolutionary mechanisms, neurobiology, and systems biology each has its ancestry in developmental biology. Moreover, developmental biology continues to roll on, budding off more disciplines, while retaining its own identity. While its descendant disciplines differentiate into sciences (...) with a restricted set of paradigms, examples, and techniques, developmental biology remains vigorous, pluripotent, and relatively undifferentiated. In many disciplines, especially in evolutionary biology and oncology, the developmental perspective is being reasserted as an important research program.

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2017 PLoS biology

49. Cybathlon experiences of the Graz BCI racing team Mirage91 in the brain-computer interface discipline (PubMed)

Cybathlon experiences of the Graz BCI racing team Mirage91 in the brain-computer interface discipline In this work, we share our experiences made at the world-wide first CYBATHLON, an event organized by the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule Zürich (ETH Zürich), which took place in Zurich in October 2016. It is a championship for severely motor impaired people using assistive prototype devices to compete against each other. Our team, the Graz BCI Racing Team MIRAGE91 from Graz University (...) of Technology, participated in the discipline "Brain-Computer Interface Race". A brain-computer interface (BCI) is a device facilitating control of applications via the user's thoughts. Prominent applications include assistive technology such as wheelchairs, neuroprostheses or communication devices. In the CYBATHLON BCI Race, pilots compete in a BCI-controlled computer game.We report on setting up our team, the BCI customization to our pilot including long term training and the final BCI system. Furthermore

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2017 Journal of neuroengineering and rehabilitation

50. Analysis of Changes in Medication Prescriptions After Hospitalization for 4 Disciplines: Gerontology, Diabetology, Cardiology and Rheumatology: Medical, Pharmaceutical and Economic Aspects

Analysis of Changes in Medication Prescriptions After Hospitalization for 4 Disciplines: Gerontology, Diabetology, Cardiology and Rheumatology: Medical, Pharmaceutical and Economic Aspects Analysis of Changes in Medication Prescriptions After Hospitalization for 4 Disciplines: Gerontology, Diabetology, Cardiology and Rheumatology: Medical, Pharmaceutical and Economic Aspects - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting (...) registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Analysis of Changes in Medication Prescriptions After Hospitalization for 4 Disciplines: Gerontology, Diabetology, Cardiology and Rheumatology: Medical, Pharmaceutical and Economic Aspects (PHMEV) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study

2017 Clinical Trials

51. Child language and parent discipline mediate the relation between family income and false belief understanding (PubMed)

Child language and parent discipline mediate the relation between family income and false belief understanding Achieving false belief understanding is an important cognitive milestone that allows children to understand that thoughts and reality can differ. Researchers have found that low-income children score significantly lower than middle-income children on false belief understanding but have not examined why this difference exists. We hypothesized that children's language and parent (...) discipline mediate the income-false belief relation. Participants were 174 3- to 6-year-olds. False belief understanding was significantly correlated with family income, children's vocabulary, parents' self-reported discussion of children's behavior, discussion of emotions, and power assertion. Family income had a significant indirect effect on false belief understanding through children's vocabulary and parent discipline when examined independently, but only through children's vocabulary when using

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2017 Journal of experimental child psychology

52. Uneven distribution of professors and instructors in medical disciplines dealing with the four main chronic non-communicable diseases: the case of the Italian Universities (PubMed)

Uneven distribution of professors and instructors in medical disciplines dealing with the four main chronic non-communicable diseases: the case of the Italian Universities Chronic (non-communicable) diseases (NCD) -- principally cardiovascular diseases, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and diabetes -- are leading causes of death and disability. There is the need to adopt a core University curriculum which let students be taught by teachers who are experts of the four main NCD, for reaching (...) the public health goals proposed by the UN and the WHO.Our aim was to assess whether all medical students, regardless of the Italian university of enrolment, have an equal opportunity to be educated by an expert teacher in each of the four NCD. We have used the search engine http://cercauniversita.cineca.it/php5/docenti/cerca.php.In January 2016, for each of the 43 universities with a school of medicine, we have assessed the presence of professors / instructors for each of the four academic disciplines

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2017 Multidisciplinary respiratory medicine

53. A Simple Framework for Weighting Panels Across Primary Care Disciplines: Findings From a Large US Multidisciplinary Group Practice. (PubMed)

A Simple Framework for Weighting Panels Across Primary Care Disciplines: Findings From a Large US Multidisciplinary Group Practice. Health system redesign necessitates understanding patient population characteristics, yet many primary care physicians are unable to identify patients on their panel. Moreover, accounting for differential workload due to patient variation is challenging. We describe development and application of a utilization-based weighting system accounting for patient

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2017 Quality Management in Health Care

54. Macronutrient Intakes in 553 Dutch Elite and Sub-Elite Endurance, Team, and Strength Athletes: Does Intake Differ between Sport Disciplines? (PubMed)

Macronutrient Intakes in 553 Dutch Elite and Sub-Elite Endurance, Team, and Strength Athletes: Does Intake Differ between Sport Disciplines? Web-based 24-h dietary recalls and questionnaires were obtained from 553 Dutch well-trained athletes. The total energy and macronutrient intake was compared between discipline-categories (endurance, team, and strength) within gender, and dietary inadequacy, i.e., too low or high intakes, according to selected recommendations and guidelines, was evaluated (...) by applying a probability approach. On average, 2.83 days per person were reported with a mean energy intake of 2566-2985 kcal and 1997-2457 kcal per day, for men and women, respectively. Between disciplines, small differences in the mean intake of energy and macronutrients were seen for both men and women. Overall, 80% of the athletes met the suggested lower-limit sport nutrition recommendation of 1.2 g·kg-1 of protein per day. The carbohydrate intake of 50%-80% of athletes was between 3 and 5 g·kg-1

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2017 Nutrients

55. Improving crop performance under drought – cross-fertilization of disciplines (PubMed)

Improving crop performance under drought – cross-fertilization of disciplines 28338855 2018 07 06 2018 11 13 1460-2431 68 7 2017 03 01 Journal of experimental botany J. Exp. Bot. Improving crop performance under drought - cross-fertilization of disciplines. 1393-1398 10.1093/jxb/erx042 Tardieu Francois F INRA LEPSE, 2 Place Viala 34060, Montpellier, France. Varshney Rajeev K RK Research Programme - Genetic Gains, International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT

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2017 Journal of experimental botany

56. Improving undergraduate STEM education: The efficacy of discipline-based professional development (PubMed)

Improving undergraduate STEM education: The efficacy of discipline-based professional development We sought to determine whether instructional practices used by undergraduate faculty in the geosciences have shifted from traditional teacher-centered lecture toward student-engaged teaching practices and to evaluate whether the national professional development program On the Cutting Edge (hereinafter Cutting Edge) has been a contributing factor in this change. We surveyed geoscience faculty

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2017 Science advances

57. Child Negative Emotionality and Parental Harsh Discipline in Chinese Preschoolers: The Different Mediating Roles of Maternal and Paternal Anxiety (PubMed)

Child Negative Emotionality and Parental Harsh Discipline in Chinese Preschoolers: The Different Mediating Roles of Maternal and Paternal Anxiety Previous research has suggested that harsh discipline is still prevalent in modern Chinese families and it is necessary to explore the cause and the potential mechanisms of Chinese parental use of harsh discipline. This study examined the mediating effects of parental anxiety in the relations between child negative emotionality and parental harsh (...) discipline in China. Using a sample of 328 Chinese father-mother dyads with their young children, findings revealed that maternal anxiety mediated the relations between child negative emotionality and maternal psychological aggression and corporal punishment, but the mediating effects of paternal anxiety on the relations between child negative emotionality and paternal harsh discipline was not significant. The findings provide an important supplement and extension to previous examinations of the factors

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2017 Frontiers in psychology

58. Parental Attributions of Control for Child Behaviour and Their Relation to Discipline Practices in Parents of Children with and Without Developmental Delays (PubMed)

Parental Attributions of Control for Child Behaviour and Their Relation to Discipline Practices in Parents of Children with and Without Developmental Delays Children with developmental delays (DD) are at risk for developing behavior problems. Research suggests that parents' causal attributions for child behavior are related to parenting. This study investigated this association in parents of children with DD compared to parents of typically developing (TD) children. It specifically focused (...) on attributions of child control by separating these from attributions of responsibility, blame and intent, and from attributions of parent control and responsibility. Fifty-one parents of children with DD and 69 parents of TD children completed two questionnaires. The Written Analogue Questionnaire measured causal attributions. The Parenting Scale measured dysfunctional discipline practices. Parents of children with DD viewed the child's role in problematic behavior more positively while also viewing

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2017 Journal of Child and Family Studies

59. Experts’ and Novices’ Perception of Ignorance and Knowledge in Different Research Disciplines and Its Relation to Belief in Certainty of Knowledge (PubMed)

Experts’ and Novices’ Perception of Ignorance and Knowledge in Different Research Disciplines and Its Relation to Belief in Certainty of Knowledge Assessments of the extent of knowledge in a domain can be important since non-identified lack of knowledge may lead to decisions that do not consider the effect of relevant factors. Two studies examined experts' and novices' perception of their own ignorance and knowledge out of everything there is to know within their own and other disciplines (...) and their assessments of their discipline's, and other disciplines' knowledge of all there is to know in each discipline. In total 380 experts and 401 students from the disciplines of history, medicine, physics, and psychology participated. The results for ignorance and knowledge assessments of one's own knowledge were similar. Novices reported more ignorance and less knowledge in their own discipline than experts, but no differences were found in the assessments of how much is known in each discipline. General

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2017 Frontiers in psychology

60. Who support open access publishing? Gender, discipline, seniority and other factors associated with academics’ OA practice (PubMed)

Who support open access publishing? Gender, discipline, seniority and other factors associated with academics’ OA practice This paper presents the findings from a survey study of UK academics and their publishing behaviour. The aim of this study is to investigate academics' attitudes towards and practice of open access (OA) publishing. The results are based on a survey study of academics at 12 Russell Group universities, and reflect responses from over 1800 researchers. This study found (...) that whilst most academics support the principle of making knowledge freely available to everyone, the use of OA publishing among UK academics was still limited despite relevant established OA policies. The results suggest that there were differences in the extent of OA practice between different universities, academic disciplines, age and seniorities. Academics' use in OA publishing was also related to their awareness of OA policy and OA repositories, their attitudes towards the importance of OA

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2017 Scientometrics

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