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41. Evidence-based practice profiles among bachelor students in four health disciplines: a cross-sectional study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evidence-based practice profiles among bachelor students in four health disciplines: a cross-sectional study Despite the recognition of integrating evidence-based practice (EBP) in educational programs, there is limited research about bachelor students' EBP profiles (EBP knowledge, attitudes and behaviour) in the health disciplines nursing, occupational therapy, physiotherapy and radiography. The aim of this study was to assess EBP profiles among bachelor students in health disciplines (...) , and explore differences between health disciplines, educational institutions, students' assessment of EBP teaching and expectations of EBP performance.A survey using the 'Evidence-Based Practice Profile - Norwegian version' (EBP2-N) was conducted among final year bachelor students in health disciplines from four educational institutions. The questionnaire consisted of five domains (Relevance, Terminology, Confidence, Practice and Sympathy) and assessed the five steps of EBP. We performed regression

2018 BMC medical education

42. Between empowerment and self-discipline: Governing patients' conduct through technological self-care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Between empowerment and self-discipline: Governing patients' conduct through technological self-care. Recent health policy renders patients increasingly responsible for managing their health via digital technology such as health apps and online patient platforms. This paper discusses underlying tensions between empowerment and self-discipline embodied in discourses of technological self-care. It presents findings from documentary analysis and interviews with key players in the English digital (...) health context including policy makers, health designers and patient organisations. We show how discourses ascribe to patients an enterprising identity, which is inculcated with economic interests and engenders self-discipline. However, this reading does not capture all implications of technological self-care. A governmentality lens also shows that technological self-care opens up the potential for a de-centring of medical knowledge and its subsequent communalization. The paper contributes

2018 Social Science & Medicine

43. Knowledge, demand, and the need of lay people for the orthodontic specialty in comparison to other dental disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Knowledge, demand, and the need of lay people for the orthodontic specialty in comparison to other dental disciplines To assess the knowledge of, demand for, and need for the orthodontic specialty in comparison to other dental fields in a sample of Saudi males.multiple choice questionnaire was designed to assess participants' knowledge interest, demand, and need for treatment in the following dental specialties: orthodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, endodontics, and restorative dentistry (...) . Subjects desiring clinical examination underwent further assessment to document their actual needs. In addition to the subjects' age, the frequencies of tooth brushing, dental pain, treatment seeking, and routine checkup were collected. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's Chi-square test were applied to compare the percentages of the knowledge of, demand for, and need for each dental discipline. The significance level was set at P < 0.05.total of 1566 Saudi males completed the initial survey of dental

2018 Journal of orthodontic science

44. Training for translation between disciplines: a philosophy for life and data sciences curricula Full Text available with Trip Pro

Training for translation between disciplines: a philosophy for life and data sciences curricula Our society has become data-rich to the extent that research in many areas has become impossible without computational approaches. Educational programmes seem to be lagging behind this development. At the same time, there is a growing need not only for strong data science skills, but foremost for the ability to both translate between tools and methods on the one hand, and application and problems (...) from adjacent disciplines. Finally, we present concrete suggestions on how this may be implemented in practice, which may be relevant for the effectiveness of life science and data science curricula in general, and of particular interest to those who are in the process of setting up such curricula.Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

2018 Bioinformatics

45. Decision making with visualizations: a cognitive framework across disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Decision making with visualizations: a cognitive framework across disciplines Visualizations-visual representations of information, depicted in graphics-are studied by researchers in numerous ways, ranging from the study of the basic principles of creating visualizations, to the cognitive processes underlying their use, as well as how visualizations communicate complex information (such as in medical risk or spatial patterns). However, findings from different domains are rarely shared across

2018 Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications

46. Where Are You Going, Nephrology? Considerations on Models of Care in an Evolving Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Where Are You Going, Nephrology? Considerations on Models of Care in an Evolving Discipline Nephrology is a complex discipline, including care of kidney disease, dialysis, and transplantation. While in Europe, about 1:10 individuals is affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD), 1:1000 lives thanks to dialysis or transplantation, whose costs are as high as 2% of all the health care budget. Nephrology has important links with surgery, bioethics, cardiovascular and internal medicine (...) is built around kidney transplantation and care of glomerulonephritis and immunologic diseases, which probably pose the most important challenges in our discipline, but do not mirror the most common clinical problems. Conversely, the pragmatic one is built around dialysis (the most expensive and frequent mode of renal replacement therapy) and pre-dialysis treatment, focusing attention on the most common diseases, the holistic, or comprehensive, model comprehends both, and is integrated by several

2018 Journal of clinical medicine

47. Corporal punishment of children: discipline or abuse? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Corporal punishment of children: discipline or abuse? Corporal punishment is a public health problem due to its impact on the physical, psychological, and social interactions of children.To determine the knowledge of pediatricians in Lebanon regarding corporal punishment, their preventive, educational, and legal role.A cross-sectional descriptive study conducted on 153 pediatricians in Lebanon, by a questionnaire distributed at the 12th Annual Congress of the Lebanese Pediatric Society (...) in the abolition of corporal punishment, but this cannot be accomplished without improving their skills in this area. They are invited to seek legal reforms in Lebanon to abolish the use of corporal punishment as a means of disciplining children.

2018 The Libyan journal of medicine

48. Cyberbiosecurity: An Emerging New Discipline to Help Safeguard the Bioeconomy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cyberbiosecurity: An Emerging New Discipline to Help Safeguard the Bioeconomy Cyberbiosecurity is being proposed as a formal new enterprise which encompasses cybersecurity, cyber-physical security and biosecurity as applied to biological and biomedical-based systems. In recent years, an array of important meetings and public discussions, commentaries and publications have occurred that highlight numerous vulnerabilities. While necessary first steps, they do not provide a systematized structure (...) outcomes could result. Creating, promoting and advancing a new discipline can assist with formal, beneficial and continuing engagements. Recent key activities and publications that inform the creation of Cyberbiosecurity are briefly reviewed, as is the expansion of Cyberbiosecurity to include biomanufacturing which is supported by a rigorous analysis of a biomanufacturing facility. Recommendations are provided to initialize Cyberbiosecurity and place it on a trajectory to establish a structured

2018 Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology

49. In Search of the Ninth Discipline: The History of Pathophysiology, with an Emphasis on Pathophysiology in Varna, Bulgaria—Celebrating 100 Years of Pathophysiology in Bulgaria Full Text available with Trip Pro

In Search of the Ninth Discipline: The History of Pathophysiology, with an Emphasis on Pathophysiology in Varna, Bulgaria—Celebrating 100 Years of Pathophysiology in Bulgaria Pathophysiology is a medical science whose subject is the change in regulatory mechanisms related to the onset, development, and outcome of diseases. The first lectures on pathophysiology were held in 1790 at the University of Erfurt, Germany, by Professor Augustus Hecker, who in 1791 also published the first work (...) on the discipline - "Grundriss der Physiologia pathologica" in 770 pages. The teaching of pathophysiology as an independent discipline was introduced by academician Viktor Pashutin at the University of Kazan, Russia in 1874. Academician Pashutin called this new discipline "Pathological Physiology and Experimental Medicine." Despite the persuasiveness of Pashutin that pathological anatomy and pathophysiology are inseparable parts of a whole, his students, academician Nikolay Anichkov and Prof. Semyon Khalatov

2018 Cureus

50. Reformulation as an Integrated Approach of Four Disciplines: A Qualitative Study with Food Companies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reformulation as an Integrated Approach of Four Disciplines: A Qualitative Study with Food Companies In 2014, the Dutch government agreed with the food sector to lower salt, sugar, saturated fat and energy in foods. To reformulate, an integrated approach of four disciplines (Nutrition & Health, Food Technology, Legislation, and Consumer Perspectives) is important for food companies (Framework for Reformulation). The objective of this study was to determine whether this framework accurately (...) more (Legislation). Traditional meat products and luxury sweet bakery products were considered less suitable for reformulation (Consumer Perspectives). In addition, the reduction of E-numbers was considered important. The important role of the retailer is stressed by the respondents. In conclusion, all four disciplines are important in the reformulation processes in food companies. Reformulation does not only mean the reduction of salt, saturated fat and sugar for companies, but also the reduction

2018 Foods

51. The Children's Oncology Group Radiation Oncology Discipline: 15 Years of Contributions to the Treatment of Childhood Cancer. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Children's Oncology Group Radiation Oncology Discipline: 15 Years of Contributions to the Treatment of Childhood Cancer. Our aim was to review the advances in radiation therapy for the management of pediatric cancers made by the Children's Oncology Group (COG) radiation oncology discipline since its inception in 2000.The various radiation oncology disease site leaders reviewed the contributions and advances in pediatric oncology made through the work of the COG. They have presented outcomes (...) of relevant studies and summarized current treatment policies developed by consensus from experts in the field.The indications and techniques for pediatric radiation therapy have evolved considerably over the years for virtually all pediatric tumor types, resulting in improved cure rates together with the potential for decreased treatment-related morbidity and mortality.The COG radiation oncology discipline has made significant contributions toward the treatment of childhood cancer. Our discipline

2018 Biology and Physics

52. Effective Discipline to Raise Healthy Children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effective Discipline to Raise Healthy Children. Pediatricians are a source of advice for parents and guardians concerning the management of child behavior, including discipline strategies that are used to teach appropriate behavior and protect their children and others from the adverse effects of challenging behavior. Aversive disciplinary strategies, including all forms of corporal punishment and yelling at or shaming children, are minimally effective in the short-term and not effective (...) in the long-term. With new evidence, researchers link corporal punishment to an increased risk of negative behavioral, cognitive, psychosocial, and emotional outcomes for children. In this Policy Statement, the American Academy of Pediatrics provides guidance for pediatricians and other child health care providers on educating parents about positive and effective parenting strategies of discipline for children at each stage of development as well as references to educational materials. This statement

2018 Pediatrics

53. Trends in utilization and perioperative outcomes in live donor nephrectomies: a multi-surgical discipline analysis. (Abstract)

Trends in utilization and perioperative outcomes in live donor nephrectomies: a multi-surgical discipline analysis. We aim to analyze the trends in donor nephrectomy (DN) across three surgical disciplines-urology, general surgery, and transplant surgery, specifically to analyze the surgical techniques and perioperative outcomes.We reviewed all live DN reported in the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database of New York State (NYS) from 1995 to 2015. Surgeons were grouped (...) in their respective disciplines using their state license number and the American Medical Association masterfile. We analyzed the volume of DN performed by each group along with how the surgical approach is, such as open, laparoscopic or robotic. Perioperative outcomes assessed were length of stay (LOS), 30-day and 90-day readmission rates, and complication rates RESULTS: A total of 6803 DN were performed with urologists, transplant surgeons and general surgeons accounting for 42%, 29%, and 29% of them

2018 World journal of urology

54. Psychiatry: A discipline at specific risk of mental health issues and addictive behavior? Results from the national BOURBON study. (Abstract)

Psychiatry: A discipline at specific risk of mental health issues and addictive behavior? Results from the national BOURBON study. Physicians are at risk for burnout, anxiety and depression.To explore the self-reported mental health status, substance use behavior and motives of a national sample of interns in psychiatry compared to other specialties.Interns of the 35 French Medicine faculties were recruited through mailing lists and social networks between December 2016 and May 2018

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

55. Reporting transfusion-related acute lung injury by clinical and preclinical disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reporting transfusion-related acute lung injury by clinical and preclinical disciplines Disciplines involved in diagnosing transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) report according to a "one-hit" theory. However, studies showed that patients with an underlying condition are at increased risk of the development of TRALI. We investigated whether accumulating evidence on the "two-hit" theory has changed the practice of reporting TRALI.Departments of haematology, haemovigilance, transfusion

2018 Blood Transfusion

56. A Simple Framework for Weighting Panels Across Primary Care Disciplines: Findings From a Large US Multidisciplinary Group Practice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Simple Framework for Weighting Panels Across Primary Care Disciplines: Findings From a Large US Multidisciplinary Group Practice. Health system redesign necessitates understanding patient population characteristics, yet many primary care physicians are unable to identify patients on their panel. Moreover, accounting for differential workload due to patient variation is challenging. We describe development and application of a utilization-based weighting system accounting for patient

2018 Quality Management in Health Care

57. The value of a cross-discipline team-based approach for resection of renal cell carcinoma with IVC tumor thrombus: A report of a large, contemporary, single-institution experience. (Abstract)

The value of a cross-discipline team-based approach for resection of renal cell carcinoma with IVC tumor thrombus: A report of a large, contemporary, single-institution experience. We report the evolution of the largest, contemporary, single-institution experience with this complex procedure to highlight the value of a cross-discipline, team-based approach.Patients from a prospectively maintained database who underwent resection of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor (...) to 2010 and 89 from 2011 to 2016. All procedures since 2011 were performed by the same cross-discipline dedicated team of two surgeons, composed of a surgical and urological oncologist. When comparing the two time-periods, the team-approach after 2011 had shorter operative-times (5.3 vs 6.7 hours; P = 0.009), decreased ICU-utilization (25% vs 72%; P < 0.001), and decreased ICU length-of-stay (0.4 vs 2.2 days; P = 0.001). This group also trended towards less blood loss (1.2 vs 1.8 L), shorter average

2018 Journal of Surgical Oncology

58. Injury frequency and characteristics (location, type, cause and severity) differed significantly among athletics ('track and field') disciplines during 14 international championships (2007-2018): implications for medical service planning. (Abstract)

Injury frequency and characteristics (location, type, cause and severity) differed significantly among athletics ('track and field') disciplines during 14 international championships (2007-2018): implications for medical service planning. To analyse differences between athletic disciplines in the frequency and characteristics of injuries during international athletics championships.Study design, injury definition and data collection procedures were similar during the 14 international (...) championships (2007-2018). National medical teams and local organising committee physicians reported all newly incurred injuries daily on a standardised injury report form. Results were presented as number of injuries and number of injuries per 1000 registered athletes, separately for male and female athletes, and for each discipline.From a total of 8925 male and 7614 female registered athletes, 928 injuries were reported in male and 597 in female athletes. The discipline accounting for the highest

2020 British Journal of Sports Medicine

59. Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open

Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open — Less is More Medicine Discover Act About Nanaimo BC Phone Number Putting the focus on effective, appropriate, and good-value healthcare Your Custom Text Here January 17, 2018 Curious about which areas of medicine have more problems with overdiagnosis than others? Wondering in which fields the problem has been studied extensively? A group from

2018 Less is More in Medicine Blog

60. Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open

Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open — Less is More Medicine Discover Act About Nanaimo BC Phone Number Putting the focus on effective, appropriate, and good-value healthcare Your Custom Text Here January 17, 2018 Curious about which areas of medicine have more problems with overdiagnosis than others? Wondering in which fields the problem has been studied extensively? A group from

2018 Less is More in Medicine Blog

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