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21. Addressing Gender Inequality in Our Disciplines: Report from the Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Division Chiefs. (Abstract)

Addressing Gender Inequality in Our Disciplines: Report from the Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Division Chiefs. Despite the increasing proportion of women in U.S. medical schools, there are relatively few women in leadership positions, and a number of recent publications have highlighted many factors that could contribute to gender inequity and inequality in medicine. The Association of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Division Directors, an organization of Division

2018 Annals of the American Thoracic Society

22. Decision making with visualizations: a cognitive framework across disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Decision making with visualizations: a cognitive framework across disciplines Visualizations-visual representations of information, depicted in graphics-are studied by researchers in numerous ways, ranging from the study of the basic principles of creating visualizations, to the cognitive processes underlying their use, as well as how visualizations communicate complex information (such as in medical risk or spatial patterns). However, findings from different domains are rarely shared across

2018 Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications

23. Reformulation as an Integrated Approach of Four Disciplines: A Qualitative Study with Food Companies Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reformulation as an Integrated Approach of Four Disciplines: A Qualitative Study with Food Companies In 2014, the Dutch government agreed with the food sector to lower salt, sugar, saturated fat and energy in foods. To reformulate, an integrated approach of four disciplines (Nutrition & Health, Food Technology, Legislation, and Consumer Perspectives) is important for food companies (Framework for Reformulation). The objective of this study was to determine whether this framework accurately (...) more (Legislation). Traditional meat products and luxury sweet bakery products were considered less suitable for reformulation (Consumer Perspectives). In addition, the reduction of E-numbers was considered important. The important role of the retailer is stressed by the respondents. In conclusion, all four disciplines are important in the reformulation processes in food companies. Reformulation does not only mean the reduction of salt, saturated fat and sugar for companies, but also the reduction

2018 Foods

24. Evidence-based practice profiles among bachelor students in four health disciplines: a cross-sectional study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evidence-based practice profiles among bachelor students in four health disciplines: a cross-sectional study Despite the recognition of integrating evidence-based practice (EBP) in educational programs, there is limited research about bachelor students' EBP profiles (EBP knowledge, attitudes and behaviour) in the health disciplines nursing, occupational therapy, physiotherapy and radiography. The aim of this study was to assess EBP profiles among bachelor students in health disciplines (...) , and explore differences between health disciplines, educational institutions, students' assessment of EBP teaching and expectations of EBP performance.A survey using the 'Evidence-Based Practice Profile - Norwegian version' (EBP2-N) was conducted among final year bachelor students in health disciplines from four educational institutions. The questionnaire consisted of five domains (Relevance, Terminology, Confidence, Practice and Sympathy) and assessed the five steps of EBP. We performed regression

2018 BMC medical education

25. Where Are You Going, Nephrology? Considerations on Models of Care in an Evolving Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Where Are You Going, Nephrology? Considerations on Models of Care in an Evolving Discipline Nephrology is a complex discipline, including care of kidney disease, dialysis, and transplantation. While in Europe, about 1:10 individuals is affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD), 1:1000 lives thanks to dialysis or transplantation, whose costs are as high as 2% of all the health care budget. Nephrology has important links with surgery, bioethics, cardiovascular and internal medicine (...) is built around kidney transplantation and care of glomerulonephritis and immunologic diseases, which probably pose the most important challenges in our discipline, but do not mirror the most common clinical problems. Conversely, the pragmatic one is built around dialysis (the most expensive and frequent mode of renal replacement therapy) and pre-dialysis treatment, focusing attention on the most common diseases, the holistic, or comprehensive, model comprehends both, and is integrated by several

2018 Journal of clinical medicine

26. Reporting transfusion-related acute lung injury by clinical and preclinical disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Reporting transfusion-related acute lung injury by clinical and preclinical disciplines Disciplines involved in diagnosing transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) report according to a "one-hit" theory. However, studies showed that patients with an underlying condition are at increased risk of the development of TRALI. We investigated whether accumulating evidence on the "two-hit" theory has changed the practice of reporting TRALI.Departments of haematology, haemovigilance, transfusion

2018 Blood Transfusion

27. A pilot study comparing the metabolic profiles of elite-level athletes from different sporting disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

A pilot study comparing the metabolic profiles of elite-level athletes from different sporting disciplines The outstanding performance of an elite athlete might be associated with changes in their blood metabolic profile. The aims of this study were to compare the blood metabolic profiles between moderate- and high-power and endurance elite athletes and to identify the potential metabolic pathways underlying these differences.Metabolic profiling of serum samples from 191 elite athletes from (...) different sports disciplines (121 high- and 70 moderate-endurance athletes, including 44 high- and 144 moderate-power athletes), who participated in national or international sports events and tested negative for doping abuse at anti-doping laboratories, was performed using non-targeted metabolomics-based mass spectroscopy combined with ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography. Multivariate analysis was conducted using orthogonal partial least squares discriminant analysis. Differences in metabolic

2018 Sports medicine - open

28. The impact of the 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia on parent preferences for harsh discipline practices: a quasi-experimental, pre-post design Full Text available with Trip Pro

The impact of the 2014 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia on parent preferences for harsh discipline practices: a quasi-experimental, pre-post design This paper uses data from a cohort of parents and guardians of young children living in Monrovia, Liberia collected before and after the 2014 outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) to estimate the impact of EVD exposure on implicit preferences for harsh discipline. We hypothesized that parents exposed to EVD-related sickness or death would (...) exhibit a stronger preference for harsh discipline practices compared with non-exposed parents.The data for this analysis come from two survey rounds conducted in Liberia as part of an intervention trial of a behavioral parenting skills intervention. Following a baseline assessment of 201 enrolled parents in July 2014, all program and study activities were halted due to the outbreak of EVD. Following the EVD crisis, we conducted a tracking survey with parents who completed the baseline survey 12

2018 Global mental health

29. Knowledge, demand, and the need of lay people for the orthodontic specialty in comparison to other dental disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Knowledge, demand, and the need of lay people for the orthodontic specialty in comparison to other dental disciplines To assess the knowledge of, demand for, and need for the orthodontic specialty in comparison to other dental fields in a sample of Saudi males.multiple choice questionnaire was designed to assess participants' knowledge interest, demand, and need for treatment in the following dental specialties: orthodontics, periodontics, prosthodontics, endodontics, and restorative dentistry (...) . Subjects desiring clinical examination underwent further assessment to document their actual needs. In addition to the subjects' age, the frequencies of tooth brushing, dental pain, treatment seeking, and routine checkup were collected. Descriptive statistics and Pearson's Chi-square test were applied to compare the percentages of the knowledge of, demand for, and need for each dental discipline. The significance level was set at P < 0.05.total of 1566 Saudi males completed the initial survey of dental

2018 Journal of orthodontic science

30. The peer review gap: A longitudinal case study of gendered publishing and occupational patterns in a female-rich discipline, Western North America (1974-2016). Full Text available with Trip Pro

The peer review gap: A longitudinal case study of gendered publishing and occupational patterns in a female-rich discipline, Western North America (1974-2016). Researchers have repeatedly demonstrated that women continue to be underrepresented in publication output in the sciences. This is true even in female-rich fields such as archaeology. Since most gender-related publication studies rely on data from peer-reviewed journals, it would be instructive, though challenging, to also track (...) of California and Great Basin Anthropology and California Archaeology, and in one un-refereed venue, the Society for California Archaeology Proceedings. Although multiple independent measures indicate that women are contributing and active members of the discipline, publishing records yield more variable results. Specifically, while women have historic and increasingly robust levels of participation in the non-peer-reviewed Proceedings, they remain vastly underrepresented in the two peer-reviewed journals

2017 PLoS ONE

31. A biomechanical analysis of the roundhouse kicking technique of expert practitioners: A comparison between the martial arts disciplines of Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A biomechanical analysis of the roundhouse kicking technique of expert practitioners: A comparison between the martial arts disciplines of Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo. The purpose of this study was first, to determine whether there were differences in the roundhouse kicking leg kinematics performed by highly skilled Muay Thai, Karate and Taekwondo practitioners (n = 8 per group). Next, analysis aimed to identify the kinematic determinants of effective roundhouse kicking performance. Three (...) -dimensional (3D) lower limb kinematics were recorded using a nine camera infra-red motion capture system (500 Hz) during three maximal roundhouse kicks. Impact forces were recorded using a strain gauge (1000 Hz) attached to a kicking pad positioned at the height of each participant's mastoid process. Results showed that linear foot velocity at impact was moderately correlated with relative impact force (r = 0.66, P = 0.001). Discipline specific analyses of the temporal data indicated that the Muay Thai

2017 PLoS ONE

32. Between empowerment and self-discipline: Governing patients' conduct through technological self-care. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Between empowerment and self-discipline: Governing patients' conduct through technological self-care. Recent health policy renders patients increasingly responsible for managing their health via digital technology such as health apps and online patient platforms. This paper discusses underlying tensions between empowerment and self-discipline embodied in discourses of technological self-care. It presents findings from documentary analysis and interviews with key players in the English digital (...) health context including policy makers, health designers and patient organisations. We show how discourses ascribe to patients an enterprising identity, which is inculcated with economic interests and engenders self-discipline. However, this reading does not capture all implications of technological self-care. A governmentality lens also shows that technological self-care opens up the potential for a de-centring of medical knowledge and its subsequent communalization. The paper contributes

2018 Social Science & Medicine

33. The Children's Oncology Group Radiation Oncology Discipline: 15 Years of Contributions to the Treatment of Childhood Cancer. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Children's Oncology Group Radiation Oncology Discipline: 15 Years of Contributions to the Treatment of Childhood Cancer. Our aim was to review the advances in radiation therapy for the management of pediatric cancers made by the Children's Oncology Group (COG) radiation oncology discipline since its inception in 2000.The various radiation oncology disease site leaders reviewed the contributions and advances in pediatric oncology made through the work of the COG. They have presented outcomes (...) of relevant studies and summarized current treatment policies developed by consensus from experts in the field.The indications and techniques for pediatric radiation therapy have evolved considerably over the years for virtually all pediatric tumor types, resulting in improved cure rates together with the potential for decreased treatment-related morbidity and mortality.The COG radiation oncology discipline has made significant contributions toward the treatment of childhood cancer. Our discipline

2018 Biology and Physics

34. Trends in utilization and perioperative outcomes in live donor nephrectomies: a multi-surgical discipline analysis. (Abstract)

Trends in utilization and perioperative outcomes in live donor nephrectomies: a multi-surgical discipline analysis. We aim to analyze the trends in donor nephrectomy (DN) across three surgical disciplines-urology, general surgery, and transplant surgery, specifically to analyze the surgical techniques and perioperative outcomes.We reviewed all live DN reported in the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database of New York State (NYS) from 1995 to 2015. Surgeons were grouped (...) in their respective disciplines using their state license number and the American Medical Association masterfile. We analyzed the volume of DN performed by each group along with how the surgical approach is, such as open, laparoscopic or robotic. Perioperative outcomes assessed were length of stay (LOS), 30-day and 90-day readmission rates, and complication rates RESULTS: A total of 6803 DN were performed with urologists, transplant surgeons and general surgeons accounting for 42%, 29%, and 29% of them

2018 World journal of urology

35. Effective Discipline to Raise Healthy Children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effective Discipline to Raise Healthy Children. Pediatricians are a source of advice for parents and guardians concerning the management of child behavior, including discipline strategies that are used to teach appropriate behavior and protect their children and others from the adverse effects of challenging behavior. Aversive disciplinary strategies, including all forms of corporal punishment and yelling at or shaming children, are minimally effective in the short-term and not effective (...) in the long-term. With new evidence, researchers link corporal punishment to an increased risk of negative behavioral, cognitive, psychosocial, and emotional outcomes for children. In this Policy Statement, the American Academy of Pediatrics provides guidance for pediatricians and other child health care providers on educating parents about positive and effective parenting strategies of discipline for children at each stage of development as well as references to educational materials. This statement

2018 Pediatrics

36. The value of a cross-discipline team-based approach for resection of renal cell carcinoma with IVC tumor thrombus: A report of a large, contemporary, single-institution experience. (Abstract)

The value of a cross-discipline team-based approach for resection of renal cell carcinoma with IVC tumor thrombus: A report of a large, contemporary, single-institution experience. We report the evolution of the largest, contemporary, single-institution experience with this complex procedure to highlight the value of a cross-discipline, team-based approach.Patients from a prospectively maintained database who underwent resection of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with inferior vena cava (IVC) tumor (...) to 2010 and 89 from 2011 to 2016. All procedures since 2011 were performed by the same cross-discipline dedicated team of two surgeons, composed of a surgical and urological oncologist. When comparing the two time-periods, the team-approach after 2011 had shorter operative-times (5.3 vs 6.7 hours; P = 0.009), decreased ICU-utilization (25% vs 72%; P < 0.001), and decreased ICU length-of-stay (0.4 vs 2.2 days; P = 0.001). This group also trended towards less blood loss (1.2 vs 1.8 L), shorter average

2018 Journal of Surgical Oncology

37. Cognitive Computational Neuroscience: A New Conference for an Emerging Discipline Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cognitive Computational Neuroscience: A New Conference for an Emerging Discipline Understanding the computational principles that underlie complex behavior is a central goal in cognitive science, artificial intelligence, and neuroscience. In an attempt to unify these disconnected communities, we created a new conference called Cognitive Computational Neuroscience (CCN). The inaugural meeting revealed considerable enthusiasm but significant obstacles remain.Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Ltd. All

2018 Trends in cognitive sciences

38. Using text analysis to quantify the similarity and evolution of scientific disciplines Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using text analysis to quantify the similarity and evolution of scientific disciplines We use an information-theoretic measure of linguistic similarity to investigate the organization and evolution of scientific fields. An analysis of almost 20 M papers from the past three decades reveals that the linguistic similarity is related but different from experts and citation-based classifications, leading to an improved view on the organization of science. A temporal analysis of the similarity (...) of fields shows that some fields (e.g. computer science) are becoming increasingly central, but that on average the similarity between pairs of disciplines has not changed in the last decades. This suggests that tendencies of convergence (e.g. multi-disciplinarity) and divergence (e.g. specialization) of disciplines are in balance.

2018 Royal Society Open Science

39. Trend of Medical Tourism Publications: An Attempt to Explore the Involved Academic Disciplines and Interests Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trend of Medical Tourism Publications: An Attempt to Explore the Involved Academic Disciplines and Interests Medical tourism suffers from the lack of a consensus regarding the involved categories. This study aimed to address this gap from the academic disciplines and publications perspective.Totally 1954 citations were identified through a formula of keyword search of SCOPUS. In order to classify the various subject areas, we followed the international standard classification of education (...) (ISCED) developed by UNESCO. Moreover, the trends of publications were identified based on their popularity between 2000 and 2017.The category with the most interests on publication about medical tourism was 'health and welfare', followed by 'social science'. Even though various disciplines were involved in the medical tourism, it seems that a downward trend has been experienced since 2015.The identified key trends of medical tourism publications will benefit researchers exploring the categories

2018 Iranian journal of public health

40. Cyberbiosecurity: An Emerging New Discipline to Help Safeguard the Bioeconomy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cyberbiosecurity: An Emerging New Discipline to Help Safeguard the Bioeconomy Cyberbiosecurity is being proposed as a formal new enterprise which encompasses cybersecurity, cyber-physical security and biosecurity as applied to biological and biomedical-based systems. In recent years, an array of important meetings and public discussions, commentaries and publications have occurred that highlight numerous vulnerabilities. While necessary first steps, they do not provide a systematized structure (...) outcomes could result. Creating, promoting and advancing a new discipline can assist with formal, beneficial and continuing engagements. Recent key activities and publications that inform the creation of Cyberbiosecurity are briefly reviewed, as is the expansion of Cyberbiosecurity to include biomanufacturing which is supported by a rigorous analysis of a biomanufacturing facility. Recommendations are provided to initialize Cyberbiosecurity and place it on a trajectory to establish a structured

2018 Frontiers in bioengineering and biotechnology

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