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181. The emergent discipline of health web science. (PubMed)

The emergent discipline of health web science. The transformative power of the Internet on all aspects of daily life, including health care, has been widely recognized both in the scientific literature and in public discourse. Viewed through the various lenses of diverse academic disciplines, these transformations reveal opportunities realized, the promise of future advances, and even potential problems created by the penetration of the World Wide Web for both individuals and for society

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2013 Journal of medical Internet research

182. Tests of the mitigating effects of caring and supportive relationships in the study of abusive disciplining over two generations. (PubMed)

Tests of the mitigating effects of caring and supportive relationships in the study of abusive disciplining over two generations. To examine evidence of the continuity in abusive discipline across two generations (G1 and G2) and the role of safe, stable, and nurturing relationships (SSNRs) as protective factors.Data are from the Lehigh Longitudinal Study, a prospective investigation of the causes and consequences child maltreatment that began in the 1970s with a sample of 457 children (...) and their parents. Data were most recently collected in 2008-2010 from 80% of the original child sample (N = 357) when they were adults age 36 years on average. Of those assessed as adults, 268 participants (G2s) were parenting children and thus comprise the analysis sample. Analyses examined the association between harsh physical discipline practices by G1 parents and G2's reports of similarly severe discipline practices used in parenting their own children. Analyses also investigated the direct

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2013 The Journal of Adolescent Health

183. Longitudinal Links between Fathers' and Mothers' Harsh Verbal Discipline and Adolescents' Conduct Problems and Depressive Symptoms (PubMed)

Longitudinal Links between Fathers' and Mothers' Harsh Verbal Discipline and Adolescents' Conduct Problems and Depressive Symptoms This study used cross-lagged modeling to examine reciprocal relations between maternal and paternal harsh verbal discipline and adolescents' conduct problems and depressive symptoms. Data were from a sample of 976 two-parent families and their children (51% males; 54% European American, 40% African American). Mothers' and fathers' harsh verbal discipline at age 13 (...) predicted an increase in adolescent conduct problems and depressive symptoms between ages 13 and 14. A child effect was also present, with adolescent misconduct at age 13 predicting increases in mothers' and fathers' harsh verbal discipline between ages 13 and 14. Furthermore, maternal and paternal warmth did not moderate the longitudinal associations between mothers' and fathers' use of harsh verbal discipline and adolescent conduct problems and depressive symptoms. © 2013 The Authors. Child

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2013 Child development

184. A traffic-light coding system to organize emergency surgery across surgical disciplines. (PubMed)

A traffic-light coding system to organize emergency surgery across surgical disciplines. Emergency surgery is associated with night-time procedures and disruption of elective surgery. An analysis was undertaken of the effect of classifying emergency operations uniformly with a three-tier urgency colour code and the use of dedicated daytime operating rooms.Observed changes from 2001 to 2012 in the number, timing and ability to meet the urgency-designated colour code deadline were retrieved from

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2013 British Journal of Surgery

185. Obesity Bias in Training: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Observationsamong Advanced Trainees in Professional Health Disciplines. (PubMed)

Obesity Bias in Training: Attitudes, Beliefs, and Observationsamong Advanced Trainees in Professional Health Disciplines. This study examined weight bias among students training in health disciplines and its associations with their perceptions about treating patients with obesity, causes of obesity, and observations of weight bias by instructors and peers.Students (N = 107) enrolled in a post-graduate health discipline (Physician Associate, Clinical Psychology, Psychiatric Residency) completed (...) frustration in these areas. The effect of students' weight bias on expectations for treatment compliance of patients with obesity was partially mediated by beliefs that obesity is caused by behavioral factors.Weight bias is commonly observed by students in health disciplines, who themselves report frustrations and stereotypes about treating patients with obesity. These findings contribute new knowledge about weight bias among students and provide several targets for medical training

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2013 Obesity

186. Oncofertility: an emerging discipline in obstetrics and gynecology. (PubMed)

Oncofertility: an emerging discipline in obstetrics and gynecology. Oncofertility is an exciting new interdisciplinary field that encompasses the obstetrician gynecologist, gynecologic oncologist, reproductive endocrinologist, and primary care physician in a common goal to provide fertility preservation options for cancer patients. Maintaining their fertility is of the upmost importance for many oncology patients diagnosed during their childbearing years. This review addresses the common types

2013 Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey

187. Health care providers' perspective on using family history in the prevention of type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study including different disciplines. (PubMed)

Health care providers' perspective on using family history in the prevention of type 2 diabetes: a qualitative study including different disciplines. Family history (FH) is considered an important factor to detect individuals at increased risk developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). Moreover, FH information could be used to personalise risk messages, which are assumed to increase risk-reducing behaviours. In this study, we aimed to explore Dutch health care professionals' attitudes regarding current

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2013 BMC Family Practice

188. Randomized trial of distance-based treatment for young children with discipline problems seen in primary health care. (PubMed)

Randomized trial of distance-based treatment for young children with discipline problems seen in primary health care. Many parents of preschool-age children have concerns about how to discipline their child but few receive help. We examined the effects of a brief treatment along with usual care, compared with receiving usual care alone. Patients. Parents (N = 178) with concerns about their 2- to 5-year olds' discipline were recruited when they visited their family physician at 1 of 24

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2013 Family Practice

189. Assessing the Team SA Instrument in Measuring the Effectiveness of Communication Across Disciplines During ICU Rounds

Assessing the Team SA Instrument in Measuring the Effectiveness of Communication Across Disciplines During ICU Rounds Assessing the Team SA Instrument in Measuring the Effectiveness of Communication Across Disciplines During ICU Rounds - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number (...) of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Assessing the Team SA Instrument in Measuring the Effectiveness of Communication Across Disciplines During ICU Rounds The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01856608 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : May

2013 Clinical Trials

190. Validation of the da Vinci Surgical Skill Simulator across three surgical disciplines: A pilot study (PubMed)

Validation of the da Vinci Surgical Skill Simulator across three surgical disciplines: A pilot study In this paper, we evaluate face, content and construct validity of the da Vinci Surgical Skills Simulator (dVSSS) across 3 surgical disciplines.In total, 48 participants from urology, gynecology and general surgery participated in the study as novices (0 robotic cases performed), intermediates (1-74) or experts (≥75). Each participant completed 9 tasks (Peg board level 2, match board level 2

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2013 Canadian Urological Association Journal

191. Trajectories of Mothers' Discipline Strategies and Interparental Conflict: Interrelated Change during Middle Childhood (PubMed)

Trajectories of Mothers' Discipline Strategies and Interparental Conflict: Interrelated Change during Middle Childhood Using data collected annually when children were in kindergarten through 3rd grade (N = 478), this study investigated changes in mothers' use of nonharsh, harsh verbal, and physical discipline; changes in interparental conflict; and associations between changes in discipline and interparental conflict. Controlling for potential confounds, physical discipline decreased over (...) the course of middle childhood, whereas harsh verbal and nonharsh discipline remained stable. Increases in interparental conflict were associated with increases in physical discipline; decreases in interparental conflict were associated with decreases in physical discipline. Change in interparental conflict was unrelated to change in harsh verbal or nonharsh discipline, although more frequent interparental conflict was associated with more frequen10t use of all three types of discipline in 1st grade

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2013 Journal of family communication

192. THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ACE GENE VARIATION AND AEROBIC CAPACITY IN WINTER ENDURANCE DISCIPLINES (PubMed)

THE ASSOCIATION BETWEEN ACE GENE VARIATION AND AEROBIC CAPACITY IN WINTER ENDURANCE DISCIPLINES The aim of the study was to examine the possible relationship between I/D polymorphism of ACE gene and selected indices of aerobic capacity among male and female athletes practising winter endurance sports. Sixty-six well-trained athletes (female n = 26, male n = 40), aged 18.4 ± 2.8 years, representing winter endurance sports (cross-country skiing, n = 48; biathlon, n = 8; Nordic combined, n = 10

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2013 Biology of Sport

193. Osteo-Rheumatology: a new discipline? (PubMed)

Osteo-Rheumatology: a new discipline? 22676158 2012 06 15 2018 12 01 1478-6362 14 Suppl 2 2012 Arthritis research & therapy Arthritis Res. Ther. Abstracts of OsteoRheumatology 2011, the International Congress on Bone Involvement in Arthritis. Santa Margherita Ligure, Italy. October 13-41, 2011. A1-19 eng Congress Overall 2012 03 08 England Arthritis Res Ther 101154438 1478-6354 IM Animals Arthritis pathology Bone and Bones pathology Humans Rheumatology 2012 6 9 6 0 2012 6 15 6 0 2012 6 16 6 0

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2012 Arthritis research & therapy

194. Two disciplines, one priority: the seamless integration of human and veterinary microbiology is urgent (PubMed)

Two disciplines, one priority: the seamless integration of human and veterinary microbiology is urgent 26038422 2015 06 03 2018 11 13 2222-1751 1 8 2012 Aug Emerging microbes & infections Emerg Microbes Infect Two disciplines, one priority: the seamless integration of human and veterinary microbiology is urgent. e10 10.1038/emi.2012.14 Howard Colin R CR University of Birmingham , Birmingham B15 2TT, UK ; Royal Veterinary College, University of London , London NW1 0TU, UK. eng Journal Article

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2012 Emerging Microbes & Infections

195. Does the Transition to an Active-Learning Environment for the Introductory Course Reduce Students’ Overall Knowledge of the Various Disciplines in Biology? (PubMed)

Does the Transition to an Active-Learning Environment for the Introductory Course Reduce Students’ Overall Knowledge of the Various Disciplines in Biology? As biology education is being redesigned toward an interdisciplinary focus and as pedagogical trends move toward active-learning strategies and investigative experiences, a restructuring of the course content for the Introductory Biology course is necessary. The introductory course in biology has typically been a survey of all (...) students' overall knowledge of the various biological disciplines. Using the Major Field Test - Biology (Educational Testing Service (ETS), Princeton, NJ), we compared the test performance of graduating students who had a traditional lecture-based introductory course to those who had a topic-driven active-learning introductory course. Our results suggest that eliminating the traditional survey of biology and, instead, focusing on quantitative and writing skills at the introductory level do not affect

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2012 Journal of microbiology & biology education : JMBE

196. A Measure of Total Research Impact Independent of Time and Discipline (PubMed)

A Measure of Total Research Impact Independent of Time and Discipline Authorship and citation practices evolve with time and differ by academic discipline. As such, indicators of research productivity based on citation records are naturally subject to historical and disciplinary effects. We observe these effects on a corpus of astronomer career data constructed from a database of refereed publications. We employ a simple mechanism to measure research output using author and reference counts

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2012 PloS one

197. Stag Parties Linger: Continued Gender Bias in a Female-Rich Scientific Discipline (PubMed)

Stag Parties Linger: Continued Gender Bias in a Female-Rich Scientific Discipline Discussions about the underrepresentation of women in science are challenged by uncertainty over the relative effects of the lack of assertiveness by women and the lack of recognition of them by male colleagues because the two are often indistinguishable. They can be distinguished at professional meetings, however, by comparing symposia, which are largely by invitation, and posters and other talks, which (...) and women (58%) have, and half that of female participation in talks and posters (65%). We found a similar gender bias from men in symposia from the past 12 annual meetings of the American Society of Primatologists. The bias is surprising given that women are the numerical majority in primatology and have achieved substantial peer recognition in this discipline.

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2012 PloS one

198. The development of general practice as an academic discipline in Germany - an analysis of research output between 2000 and 2010. (PubMed)

The development of general practice as an academic discipline in Germany - an analysis of research output between 2000 and 2010. Governmental funding support is seen as a prerequisite for the growth of research in general practice. Several funding programs in the amount of € 13.2 Mio were introduced in Germany from 2002 to February 2012. We aim to provide an overview of publications reporting original data and systematic reviews from German academic family medicine published between 2000

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2012 BMC Family Practice

199. Disciplined doctors: The electronic medical record and physicians' changing relationship to medical knowledge. (PubMed)

Disciplined doctors: The electronic medical record and physicians' changing relationship to medical knowledge. This study explores the effects of the electronic medical record (EMR) on the power of the medical profession. It is based on twenty-five in-depth interviews with administrators and physicians across three departments of a large, U.S. integrated health system, as well as ethnographic observation, all of which took place between September of 2009 and December of 2010. While scholarship

2012 Social Science & Medicine

200. An international comparative family medicine study of the Transition project data from the Netherlands, Malta and Serbia. Is family medicine an international discipline? Comparing diagnostic odds ratios across populations. (PubMed)

An international comparative family medicine study of the Transition project data from the Netherlands, Malta and Serbia. Is family medicine an international discipline? Comparing diagnostic odds ratios across populations. This is an international study of the epidemiology of family medicine (FM) in three practice populations from the Netherlands, Malta and Serbia. Diagnostic associations between common reasons for encounter (RfEs) and episodes titles are compared and similarities

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2012 Family Practice

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