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1. Tuberculosis (TB): information for discipline and wing staff

Tuberculosis (TB): information for discipline and wing staff Tuberculosis (TB): Information for discipline and wing staff 2019 Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease that spreads through prolonged contact. TB rates in the UK are on the increase and vulnerable groups, such as people who are in prisons may be at risk. Not all individuals with TB can infect others, only TB affecting the lungs is infectious. Late diagnosis, inadequate treatment, overcrowding, poor ventilation

2019 Public Health England

2. Will open access increase journal CiteScores? An empirical investigation over multiple disciplines. (PubMed)

Will open access increase journal CiteScores? An empirical investigation over multiple disciplines. This paper empirically studies the effect of Open Access on journal CiteScores. We have found that the general effect is positive but not uniform across different types of journals. In particular, we investigate two types of heterogeneous treatment effect: (1) the differential treatment effect among journals grouped by academic field, publisher, and tier; and (2) differential treatment effects

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2018 PLoS ONE

3. A discourse analysis of the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features in the abstracts of research articles across multiple science disciplines. (PubMed)

A discourse analysis of the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features in the abstracts of research articles across multiple science disciplines. The abstract of a scientific research article convinces readers that the article deserves to be read. Abstracts can also determine the success of publications and grant applications. In recent years, there has been a trend of cross-disciplinary collaborations in the science community. Scientists have been increasingly expected (...) to engage not only experts of their own disciplines, but also other disciplines with the scope of interest extending to non-experts, such as policy-makers and the general public. Thus, the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features exhibited in scientific article abstracts merit attention. In our study, we examined 500 abstracts of scientific research articles published in 50 high-impact journals across five science disciplines (Earth, Formal, Life, Physical and Social Sciences

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2018 PLoS ONE

4. A Simple Framework for Weighting Panels Across Primary Care Disciplines: Findings From a Large US Multidisciplinary Group Practice. (PubMed)

A Simple Framework for Weighting Panels Across Primary Care Disciplines: Findings From a Large US Multidisciplinary Group Practice. Health system redesign necessitates understanding patient population characteristics, yet many primary care physicians are unable to identify patients on their panel. Moreover, accounting for differential workload due to patient variation is challenging. We describe development and application of a utilization-based weighting system accounting for patient

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2020 Quality Management in Health Care

5. A biomechanical analysis of the roundhouse kicking technique of expert practitioners: A comparison between the martial arts disciplines of Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo. (PubMed)

A biomechanical analysis of the roundhouse kicking technique of expert practitioners: A comparison between the martial arts disciplines of Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo. The purpose of this study was first, to determine whether there were differences in the roundhouse kicking leg kinematics performed by highly skilled Muay Thai, Karate and Taekwondo practitioners (n = 8 per group). Next, analysis aimed to identify the kinematic determinants of effective roundhouse kicking performance. Three (...) -dimensional (3D) lower limb kinematics were recorded using a nine camera infra-red motion capture system (500 Hz) during three maximal roundhouse kicks. Impact forces were recorded using a strain gauge (1000 Hz) attached to a kicking pad positioned at the height of each participant's mastoid process. Results showed that linear foot velocity at impact was moderately correlated with relative impact force (r = 0.66, P = 0.001). Discipline specific analyses of the temporal data indicated that the Muay Thai

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2017 PLoS ONE

6. Validity of activity trackers to measure postoperative mobility: a systematic review across surgical disciplines

Validity of activity trackers to measure postoperative mobility: a systematic review across surgical disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

7. Social norms on corporal punishment and child discipline: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative evidence

Social norms on corporal punishment and child discipline: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative evidence Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

8. Use of Learning Analytics Data in Health Care-Related Educational Disciplines: Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Use of Learning Analytics Data in Health Care-Related Educational Disciplines: Systematic Review. While the application of learning analytics in tertiary education has received increasing attention in recent years, a much smaller number have explored its use in health care-related educational studies.This systematic review aims to examine the use of e-learning analytics data in health care studies with regards to how the analytics is reported and if there is a relationship between e-learning

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2019 Journal of medical Internet research

9. The disciplining of self-help: Doing self-help the Norwegian way. (PubMed)

The disciplining of self-help: Doing self-help the Norwegian way. We explore how Norwegian self-help groups are defined and managed to create a particular form of health system governmentality. Self-help groups are typically framed as therapeutic communities where participants define the agenda creating a space where open and equal interaction can produce individual learning and personal growth. In Norway, however, self-help groups are managed in a way that integrates them in to the health (...) system but insulates them from clinical medicine; an approach that disciplines participants to act in a particular way in relation to the health system. We draw on the analysis of 1456 pages of public documents and websites from the National Nodal Point for Self-Help (NPSH), the organisation that manages self-help groups, and central government including individual testimonies from participants published between 2006 and 2014. We argue, drawing on Foucault, that self-help premised on lay-leadership

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2019 Social Science & Medicine

10. A transition to discipline curriculum for pediatric surgery trainees: Evaluation of a pediatric surgery boot camp from 2017 to 2018. (PubMed)

A transition to discipline curriculum for pediatric surgery trainees: Evaluation of a pediatric surgery boot camp from 2017 to 2018. Boot camps seek to impart knowledge and skills for individuals entering new roles. We sought to evaluate knowledge, skills, and confidence of in-coming pediatric surgery trainees with a 2.5-day pediatric surgery boot camp.A curriculum included key aspects of pediatric surgery delivered during interactive lectures, small group discussions, and simulation. With REB (...) in core knowledge and confidence. The initial pediatric surgery boot camp experience shows promise in facilitating the transition to discipline for new trainees.Prospective treatment study.IV.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

11. Is visual imagery ability higher for orthodontic students than those in other disciplines? A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. (PubMed)

Is visual imagery ability higher for orthodontic students than those in other disciplines? A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. To investigate the effect visual imagery may have on career choice among current university students across a range of subjects and disciplines.University College London (UCL), UK.Cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.The study compared four main groups of UCL students: current students at the Slade School of Fine Art; UCL Eastman Dental Institute; UCL

2019 Journal of Orthodontics

12. Rehabilitation Providers' Prediction of the Likely Success of the SNF-to-Home Transition Differs by Discipline. (PubMed)

Rehabilitation Providers' Prediction of the Likely Success of the SNF-to-Home Transition Differs by Discipline. Our article's primary objective is to examine whether rehabilitation providers can predict which patients discharged from skilled nursing facility (SNF) rehabilitation will be successful in their transition to home, controlling for sociodemographic factors and physical, mental, and social health characteristics.Longitudinal cohort study.One hundred-twelve English-speaking adults aged

2019 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

13. Unifying Children's Surgery and Anesthesia Stakeholders Across Institutions and Clinical Disciplines: Challenges and Solutions from Uganda. (PubMed)

Unifying Children's Surgery and Anesthesia Stakeholders Across Institutions and Clinical Disciplines: Challenges and Solutions from Uganda. There is a significant unmet need for children's surgical care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Multidisciplinary collaboration is required to advance the surgical and anesthesia care of children's surgical conditions such as congenital conditions, cancer and injuries. Nonetheless, there are limited examples of this process from LMICs. We (...) by an international fellowship in multiple disciplines. Coordinated outreach camps have continued to assist with training and service delivery in rural regional hospitals.Collaborations between disciplines, both within LMICs and with international partners, are required to advance children's surgery. The unification of stakeholders across clinical disciplines and institutional partnerships can facilitate increased children's surgical capacity. Such a process may prove useful in other LMICs with a wide range

2019 World Journal of Surgery

14. Tracing Effects of Parental Discipline on Child Psychopathology: The Devil's in the Detail. (PubMed)

Tracing Effects of Parental Discipline on Child Psychopathology: The Devil's in the Detail. Parenting practices are a key target for researchers, clinicians, and policymakers concerned with decreasing child psychopathology. Parents' approaches to disciplining their children are of particular interest, because the form and amount of parental discipline are believed to play a critical role in the development of children's problem behavior. However, the relative merits of different discipline (...) strategies for modifying children's mental health are not all that clear. In the current issue of the Journal, Rajyaguru et al.1 address this question by investigating associations between different parental discipline approaches and child psychopathology in more than 4,000 mother and child study members of the UK Millennium Cohort Study.Copyright © 2018 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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2019 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

15. Bolstering trust and reducing discipline incidents at a diverse middle school: How self-affirmation affects behavioral conduct during the transition to adolescence. (PubMed)

Bolstering trust and reducing discipline incidents at a diverse middle school: How self-affirmation affects behavioral conduct during the transition to adolescence. A three-year field experiment at an ethnically diverse middle school (N = 163) tested the hypothesis that periodic self-affirmation exercises delivered by classroom teachers bolsters students' school trust and improves their behavioral conduct. Students were randomly assigned to either a self-affirmation condition, where they wrote (...) a series of in-class essays about personally important values, or a control condition, where they wrote essays about personally unimportant values. There were no behavioral effects of affirmation at the end of 6th grade, after students had completed four writing exercises. However, after four additional exercises in 7th grade, affirmed students had a significantly lower rate of discipline incidents than students in the control condition. The effect continued to grow and did not differ across ethnic

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2019 Journal of school psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

16. Targeted identity-safety interventions cause lasting reductions in discipline citations among negatively stereotyped boys. (PubMed)

Targeted identity-safety interventions cause lasting reductions in discipline citations among negatively stereotyped boys. High rates of discipline citations predict adverse life outcomes, a harm disproportionately borne by Black and Latino boys. We hypothesized that these citations arise in part from negative cycles of interaction between students and teachers, which unfold in contexts of social stereotypes. Can targeted interventions to facilitate identity safety-a sense of belonging

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2019 Journal of personality and social psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

17. Understanding mind-body disciplines: A pilot study of paced breathing and dynamic muscle contraction on autonomic nervous system reactivity. (PubMed)

Understanding mind-body disciplines: A pilot study of paced breathing and dynamic muscle contraction on autonomic nervous system reactivity. Mind-body disciplines such as yoga, Tai Chi, and Qigong have been demonstrated to activate the parasympathetic nervous system, but it remains unclear how these practices achieve these results, whether by breathing, movement, or some combination. This pilot study establishes a model to examine the individual and combined effects of paced breathing (...) of the parasympathetic response than either alternating contractions or breathing alone, which may help explain the stress reducing benefits of mind-body disciplines.© 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

2019 Stress and health : journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress Controlled trial quality: uncertain

18. Management of Prenatal Depression: Effectiveness of an Online Training Module Across Health Care Disciplines. (PubMed)

Management of Prenatal Depression: Effectiveness of an Online Training Module Across Health Care Disciplines. Maternal depression is associated with numerous deleterious maternal and child health outcomes. Although there are several treatment options for prenatal depression, many depressed women remain untreated. This study tested the effects of a low-intensity online training module on providers' attitudes, beliefs, and management practices of prenatal depression across a diverse group

2019 The Journal of continuing education in the health professions Controlled trial quality: uncertain

19. Using an eLearning Module to Facilitate Sepsis Knowledge Acquisition Across Multiple Institutions and Learner Disciplines. (PubMed)

Using an eLearning Module to Facilitate Sepsis Knowledge Acquisition Across Multiple Institutions and Learner Disciplines. Guidelines exist for care of pediatric sepsis, but no study has assessed the benefit of electronic learning (eLearning) in this topic area. The objective of this multicenter study was to assess knowledge acquisition and retention for pediatric sepsis across multiple health care provider roles, using an adaptive and interactive eLearning module.The study used pretest

2019 Pediatric Emergency Care

20. Effects of video-feedback intervention on harmonious parent-child interaction and sensitive discipline of parents with intellectual disabilities: A randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Effects of video-feedback intervention on harmonious parent-child interaction and sensitive discipline of parents with intellectual disabilities: A randomized controlled trial. This study tested whether video-feedback intervention based on attachment and coercion theory increased harmonious parent-child interaction and sensitive discipline of parents with mild intellectual disabilities or borderline intellectual functioning.Observer ratings of video-recorded structured interaction tasks at home (...) -up compared to care as usual. Intervention effects were not conditional on parental IQ. Intervention effects for sensitive discipline were not found.Although the video-feedback intervention did not affect observed parenting for the average parent, it may benefit interaction between children and parents with lower parental adaptive functioning.© 2017 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

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2018 Child: care, health and development Controlled trial quality: uncertain

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