How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

12,993 results for

Discipline

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

1. Tuberculosis (TB): information for discipline and wing staff

Tuberculosis (TB): information for discipline and wing staff Tuberculosis (TB): Information for discipline and wing staff 2019 Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease that spreads through prolonged contact. TB rates in the UK are on the increase and vulnerable groups, such as people who are in prisons may be at risk. Not all individuals with TB can infect others, only TB affecting the lungs is infectious. Late diagnosis, inadequate treatment, overcrowding, poor ventilation

2019 Public Health England

2. Physical Discipline, Deprivation, and Differential Risk of Developmental Delay Across 17 Countries. (Abstract)

Physical Discipline, Deprivation, and Differential Risk of Developmental Delay Across 17 Countries. Parenting behaviors have largely been studied in isolation with regard to child development in cross-national contexts. We examine and compare the relative strength of association between physical discipline and deprivation with risk for children's socio-emotional and cognitive developmental delay in a cross-national sample.The sample was drawn from the UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (...) . Analyses used observations with data on parental physical discipline, parenting behaviors associated with deprivation, and child developmental outcomes. The present analysis included 29,792 children aged 36-59 months across 17 countries. Using the Early Child Development Index, risk for cognitive or socio-emotional developmental delay was indicated if a child could not accomplish 2 or more items within that specific sub-domain. Overall risk for delay was indicated if a child was at risk in either sub

2020 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

3. A Pilot Cross-Discipline Evidence-Based Palliative Care Curriculum for Post-Graduate Medical Trainees. (Abstract)

A Pilot Cross-Discipline Evidence-Based Palliative Care Curriculum for Post-Graduate Medical Trainees. It is widely recognized that physicians of all backgrounds benefit from having a general palliative care skillset to optimally manage their patients at the end of life. However, strategies to teach palliative care skills to trainees outside of palliative medicine vary widely. In this report, we provide an evidence-based, cross-disciplinary palliative care framework applicable to a spectrum

2020 Journal of pain and symptom management

4. The effect of transparency on the gender-based compensation gap in surgical disciplines within a large academic healthcare system. (Abstract)

The effect of transparency on the gender-based compensation gap in surgical disciplines within a large academic healthcare system. Female representation in surgery and surgical subspecialties has increased over the last decade. Studies have shown a discrepancy in compensation in the field of surgery, and several groups have advocated for increasing transparency as a primary solution to decrease this gender salary gap in surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate differences in compensation

2020 Surgical endoscopy

5. A focus on cross-purpose tools, automated recognition of study design in multiple disciplines, and evaluation of automation tools: a summary of significant discussions at the fourth meeting of the International Collaboration for Automation of Systematic R Full Text available with Trip Pro

A focus on cross-purpose tools, automated recognition of study design in multiple disciplines, and evaluation of automation tools: a summary of significant discussions at the fourth meeting of the International Collaboration for Automation of Systematic R The fourth meeting of the International Collaboration for Automation of Systematic Reviews (ICASR) was held 5-6 November 2019 in The Hague, the Netherlands. ICASR is an interdisciplinary group whose goal is to maximize the use of technology (...) for conducting rapid, accurate, and efficient systematic reviews of scientific evidence. The group seeks to facilitate the development and acceptance of automated techniques for systematic reviews. In 2018, the major themes discussed were the transferability of automation tools (i.e., tools developed for other purposes that might be used by systematic reviewers), the automated recognition of study design in multiple disciplines and applications, and approaches for the evaluation of automation tools.

2020 Systematic reviews

6. Perioperative Buprenorphine Continuous Maintenance and Administration Simultaneous With Full Opioid Agonist: Patient Priority at the Interface Between Medical Disciplines. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perioperative Buprenorphine Continuous Maintenance and Administration Simultaneous With Full Opioid Agonist: Patient Priority at the Interface Between Medical Disciplines. Buprenorphine is a partial-agonist opioid that is prescribed as a medication-assisted treatment (MAT) for opioid use disorder (OUD). Buprenorphine is also a potent analgesic with high opioid-receptor affinity and binding coefficient; when buprenorphine is administered simultaneously with a μ-opioid receptor full agonist

2020 Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

7. Mapping the literature on parents with mental illness, across psychiatric sub-disciplines: a bibliometric review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mapping the literature on parents with mental illness, across psychiatric sub-disciplines: a bibliometric review. Research on parental mental illness is often carried out in disorder specific research silos. Drawing on the different research areas, it is possible to leverage and combine existing knowledge, and identify insights that can be transferred across research areas. In this study, we identify the overarching structure of research on parents with psychiatric disorders, and the structure

2020 BMC Psychiatry

8. Seeding Structures for a Community of Practice Focused on Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA): Implementing Across Disciplines and Waves. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Seeding Structures for a Community of Practice Focused on Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA): Implementing Across Disciplines and Waves. The Community of Practice (CoP) model represents one approach to address knowledge management to support effective implementation of best practices.We sought to identify CoP developmental strategies within the context of a national quality improvement project focused on improving the quality for patients receiving acute transient ischemic attack (TIA

2020 Journal of General Internal Medicine

9. Bringing new tools, a regional focus, resource-sensitivity, local engagement and necessary discipline to mental health policy and planning. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bringing new tools, a regional focus, resource-sensitivity, local engagement and necessary discipline to mental health policy and planning. While reducing the burden of mental and substance use disorders is a global challenge, it is played out locally. Mental disorders have early ages of onset, syndromal complexity and high individual variability in course and response to treatment. As most locally-delivered health systems do not account for this complexity in their design, implementation (...) decision support tools such as systems modelling and simulation, is now required to bring a necessary discipline to new national and local investments in transforming mental health systems.Systems modelling and simulation delivers an interactive decision analytic tool to test mental health reform and service planning scenarios in a safe environment before implementing them in the real world. The approach drives better decision-making and can inform the scale up of effective and contextually relevant

2020 BMC Public Health

10. Will open access increase journal CiteScores? An empirical investigation over multiple disciplines. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Will open access increase journal CiteScores? An empirical investigation over multiple disciplines. This paper empirically studies the effect of Open Access on journal CiteScores. We have found that the general effect is positive but not uniform across different types of journals. In particular, we investigate two types of heterogeneous treatment effect: (1) the differential treatment effect among journals grouped by academic field, publisher, and tier; and (2) differential treatment effects

2018 PLoS ONE

11. A discourse analysis of the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features in the abstracts of research articles across multiple science disciplines. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A discourse analysis of the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features in the abstracts of research articles across multiple science disciplines. The abstract of a scientific research article convinces readers that the article deserves to be read. Abstracts can also determine the success of publications and grant applications. In recent years, there has been a trend of cross-disciplinary collaborations in the science community. Scientists have been increasingly expected (...) to engage not only experts of their own disciplines, but also other disciplines with the scope of interest extending to non-experts, such as policy-makers and the general public. Thus, the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features exhibited in scientific article abstracts merit attention. In our study, we examined 500 abstracts of scientific research articles published in 50 high-impact journals across five science disciplines (Earth, Formal, Life, Physical and Social Sciences

2018 PLoS ONE

12. Using an eLearning Module to Facilitate Sepsis Knowledge Acquisition Across Multiple Institutions and Learner Disciplines. (Abstract)

Using an eLearning Module to Facilitate Sepsis Knowledge Acquisition Across Multiple Institutions and Learner Disciplines. Guidelines exist for care of pediatric sepsis, but no study has assessed the benefit of electronic learning (eLearning) in this topic area. The objective of this multicenter study was to assess knowledge acquisition and retention for pediatric sepsis across multiple health care provider roles, using an adaptive and interactive eLearning module.The study used pretest

2019 Pediatric Emergency Care

13. Is visual imagery ability higher for orthodontic students than those in other disciplines? A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. (Abstract)

Is visual imagery ability higher for orthodontic students than those in other disciplines? A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. To investigate the effect visual imagery may have on career choice among current university students across a range of subjects and disciplines.University College London (UCL), UK.Cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.The study compared four main groups of UCL students: current students at the Slade School of Fine Art; UCL Eastman Dental Institute; UCL

2019 Journal of Orthodontics

14. The disciplining of self-help: Doing self-help the Norwegian way. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The disciplining of self-help: Doing self-help the Norwegian way. We explore how Norwegian self-help groups are defined and managed to create a particular form of health system governmentality. Self-help groups are typically framed as therapeutic communities where participants define the agenda creating a space where open and equal interaction can produce individual learning and personal growth. In Norway, however, self-help groups are managed in a way that integrates them in to the health (...) system but insulates them from clinical medicine; an approach that disciplines participants to act in a particular way in relation to the health system. We draw on the analysis of 1456 pages of public documents and websites from the National Nodal Point for Self-Help (NPSH), the organisation that manages self-help groups, and central government including individual testimonies from participants published between 2006 and 2014. We argue, drawing on Foucault, that self-help premised on lay-leadership

2019 Social Science & Medicine

15. A transition to discipline curriculum for pediatric surgery trainees: Evaluation of a pediatric surgery boot camp from 2017 to 2018. (Abstract)

A transition to discipline curriculum for pediatric surgery trainees: Evaluation of a pediatric surgery boot camp from 2017 to 2018. Boot camps seek to impart knowledge and skills for individuals entering new roles. We sought to evaluate knowledge, skills, and confidence of in-coming pediatric surgery trainees with a 2.5-day pediatric surgery boot camp.A curriculum included key aspects of pediatric surgery delivered during interactive lectures, small group discussions, and simulation. With REB (...) in core knowledge and confidence. The initial pediatric surgery boot camp experience shows promise in facilitating the transition to discipline for new trainees.Prospective treatment study.IV.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

16. Tracing Effects of Parental Discipline on Child Psychopathology: The Devil's in the Detail. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tracing Effects of Parental Discipline on Child Psychopathology: The Devil's in the Detail. Parenting practices are a key target for researchers, clinicians, and policymakers concerned with decreasing child psychopathology. Parents' approaches to disciplining their children are of particular interest, because the form and amount of parental discipline are believed to play a critical role in the development of children's problem behavior. However, the relative merits of different discipline (...) strategies for modifying children's mental health are not all that clear. In the current issue of the Journal, Rajyaguru et al.1 address this question by investigating associations between different parental discipline approaches and child psychopathology in more than 4,000 mother and child study members of the UK Millennium Cohort Study.Copyright © 2018 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

17. Understanding mind-body disciplines: A pilot study of paced breathing and dynamic muscle contraction on autonomic nervous system reactivity. (Abstract)

Understanding mind-body disciplines: A pilot study of paced breathing and dynamic muscle contraction on autonomic nervous system reactivity. Mind-body disciplines such as yoga, Tai Chi, and Qigong have been demonstrated to activate the parasympathetic nervous system, but it remains unclear how these practices achieve these results, whether by breathing, movement, or some combination. This pilot study establishes a model to examine the individual and combined effects of paced breathing (...) of the parasympathetic response than either alternating contractions or breathing alone, which may help explain the stress reducing benefits of mind-body disciplines.© 2019 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

2019 Stress and health : journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress Controlled trial quality: uncertain

18. Bolstering trust and reducing discipline incidents at a diverse middle school: How self-affirmation affects behavioral conduct during the transition to adolescence. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bolstering trust and reducing discipline incidents at a diverse middle school: How self-affirmation affects behavioral conduct during the transition to adolescence. A three-year field experiment at an ethnically diverse middle school (N = 163) tested the hypothesis that periodic self-affirmation exercises delivered by classroom teachers bolsters students' school trust and improves their behavioral conduct. Students were randomly assigned to either a self-affirmation condition, where they wrote (...) a series of in-class essays about personally important values, or a control condition, where they wrote essays about personally unimportant values. There were no behavioral effects of affirmation at the end of 6th grade, after students had completed four writing exercises. However, after four additional exercises in 7th grade, affirmed students had a significantly lower rate of discipline incidents than students in the control condition. The effect continued to grow and did not differ across ethnic

2019 Journal of school psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

19. Targeted identity-safety interventions cause lasting reductions in discipline citations among negatively stereotyped boys. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Targeted identity-safety interventions cause lasting reductions in discipline citations among negatively stereotyped boys. High rates of discipline citations predict adverse life outcomes, a harm disproportionately borne by Black and Latino boys. We hypothesized that these citations arise in part from negative cycles of interaction between students and teachers, which unfold in contexts of social stereotypes. Can targeted interventions to facilitate identity safety-a sense of belonging

2019 Journal of personality and social psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

20. Perspectives From Authors and Editors in the Biomedical Disciplines on Predatory Journals: Survey Study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perspectives From Authors and Editors in the Biomedical Disciplines on Predatory Journals: Survey Study. Predatory journals fail to fulfill the tenets of biomedical publication: peer review, circulation, and access in perpetuity. Despite increasing attention in the lay and scientific press, no studies have directly assessed the perceptions of the authors or editors involved.Our objective was to understand the motivation of authors in sending their work to potentially predatory journals

2019 Journal of medical Internet research

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>