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1. Tuberculosis (TB): information for discipline and wing staff

Tuberculosis (TB): information for discipline and wing staff Tuberculosis (TB): Information for discipline and wing staff 2019 Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease that spreads through prolonged contact. TB rates in the UK are on the increase and vulnerable groups, such as people who are in prisons may be at risk. Not all individuals with TB can infect others, only TB affecting the lungs is infectious. Late diagnosis, inadequate treatment, overcrowding, poor ventilation

2019 Public Health England

2. Social norms on corporal punishment and child discipline: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative evidence

Social norms on corporal punishment and child discipline: a systematic review of qualitative and quantitative evidence Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any

2019 PROSPERO

3. Validity of activity trackers to measure postoperative mobility: a systematic review across surgical disciplines

Validity of activity trackers to measure postoperative mobility: a systematic review across surgical disciplines Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

4. Use of Learning Analytics Data in Health Care-Related Educational Disciplines: Systematic Review. (PubMed)

Use of Learning Analytics Data in Health Care-Related Educational Disciplines: Systematic Review. While the application of learning analytics in tertiary education has received increasing attention in recent years, a much smaller number have explored its use in health care-related educational studies.This systematic review aims to examine the use of e-learning analytics data in health care studies with regards to how the analytics is reported and if there is a relationship between e-learning

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2019 Journal of medical Internet research

5. Rehabilitation Providers' Prediction of the Likely Success of the SNF-to-Home Transition Differs by Discipline. (PubMed)

Rehabilitation Providers' Prediction of the Likely Success of the SNF-to-Home Transition Differs by Discipline. Our article's primary objective is to examine whether rehabilitation providers can predict which patients discharged from skilled nursing facility (SNF) rehabilitation will be successful in their transition to home, controlling for sociodemographic factors and physical, mental, and social health characteristics.Longitudinal cohort study.One hundred-twelve English-speaking adults aged

2019 Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

6. Unifying Children's Surgery and Anesthesia Stakeholders Across Institutions and Clinical Disciplines: Challenges and Solutions from Uganda. (PubMed)

Unifying Children's Surgery and Anesthesia Stakeholders Across Institutions and Clinical Disciplines: Challenges and Solutions from Uganda. There is a significant unmet need for children's surgical care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Multidisciplinary collaboration is required to advance the surgical and anesthesia care of children's surgical conditions such as congenital conditions, cancer and injuries. Nonetheless, there are limited examples of this process from LMICs. We (...) by an international fellowship in multiple disciplines. Coordinated outreach camps have continued to assist with training and service delivery in rural regional hospitals.Collaborations between disciplines, both within LMICs and with international partners, are required to advance children's surgery. The unification of stakeholders across clinical disciplines and institutional partnerships can facilitate increased children's surgical capacity. Such a process may prove useful in other LMICs with a wide range

2019 World Journal of Surgery

7. Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open

Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open Overdiagnosis across medical disciplines: a scoping review | BMJ Open — Less is More Medicine Discover Act About Nanaimo BC Phone Number Putting the focus on effective, appropriate, and good-value healthcare Your Custom Text Here January 17, 2018 Curious about which areas of medicine have more problems with overdiagnosis than others? Wondering in which fields the problem has been studied extensively? A group from

2018 Less is More in Medicine Blog

8. A transition to discipline curriculum for pediatric surgery trainees: Evaluation of a pediatric surgery boot camp from 2017 to 2018. (PubMed)

A transition to discipline curriculum for pediatric surgery trainees: Evaluation of a pediatric surgery boot camp from 2017 to 2018. Boot camps seek to impart knowledge and skills for individuals entering new roles. We sought to evaluate knowledge, skills, and confidence of in-coming pediatric surgery trainees with a 2.5-day pediatric surgery boot camp.A curriculum included key aspects of pediatric surgery delivered during interactive lectures, small group discussions, and simulation. With REB (...) in core knowledge and confidence. The initial pediatric surgery boot camp experience shows promise in facilitating the transition to discipline for new trainees.Prospective treatment study.IV.Copyright © 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Journal of Pediatric Surgery

9. The disciplining of self-help: Doing self-help the Norwegian way. (PubMed)

The disciplining of self-help: Doing self-help the Norwegian way. We explore how Norwegian self-help groups are defined and managed to create a particular form of health system governmentality. Self-help groups are typically framed as therapeutic communities where participants define the agenda creating a space where open and equal interaction can produce individual learning and personal growth. In Norway, however, self-help groups are managed in a way that integrates them in to the health (...) system but insulates them from clinical medicine; an approach that disciplines participants to act in a particular way in relation to the health system. We draw on the analysis of 1456 pages of public documents and websites from the National Nodal Point for Self-Help (NPSH), the organisation that manages self-help groups, and central government including individual testimonies from participants published between 2006 and 2014. We argue, drawing on Foucault, that self-help premised on lay-leadership

2019 Social Science & Medicine

10. Will open access increase journal CiteScores? An empirical investigation over multiple disciplines. (PubMed)

Will open access increase journal CiteScores? An empirical investigation over multiple disciplines. This paper empirically studies the effect of Open Access on journal CiteScores. We have found that the general effect is positive but not uniform across different types of journals. In particular, we investigate two types of heterogeneous treatment effect: (1) the differential treatment effect among journals grouped by academic field, publisher, and tier; and (2) differential treatment effects

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2018 PLoS ONE

11. A discourse analysis of the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features in the abstracts of research articles across multiple science disciplines. (PubMed)

A discourse analysis of the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features in the abstracts of research articles across multiple science disciplines. The abstract of a scientific research article convinces readers that the article deserves to be read. Abstracts can also determine the success of publications and grant applications. In recent years, there has been a trend of cross-disciplinary collaborations in the science community. Scientists have been increasingly expected (...) to engage not only experts of their own disciplines, but also other disciplines with the scope of interest extending to non-experts, such as policy-makers and the general public. Thus, the macro-structure, metadiscoursal and microdiscoursal features exhibited in scientific article abstracts merit attention. In our study, we examined 500 abstracts of scientific research articles published in 50 high-impact journals across five science disciplines (Earth, Formal, Life, Physical and Social Sciences

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2018 PLoS ONE

12. Tracing Effects of Parental Discipline on Child Psychopathology: The Devil's in the Detail. (PubMed)

Tracing Effects of Parental Discipline on Child Psychopathology: The Devil's in the Detail. Parenting practices are a key target for researchers, clinicians, and policymakers concerned with decreasing child psychopathology. Parents' approaches to disciplining their children are of particular interest, because the form and amount of parental discipline are believed to play a critical role in the development of children's problem behavior. However, the relative merits of different discipline (...) strategies for modifying children's mental health are not all that clear. In the current issue of the Journal, Rajyaguru et al.1 address this question by investigating associations between different parental discipline approaches and child psychopathology in more than 4,000 mother and child study members of the UK Millennium Cohort Study.Copyright © 2018 American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry

13. Is visual imagery ability higher for orthodontic students than those in other disciplines? A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. (PubMed)

Is visual imagery ability higher for orthodontic students than those in other disciplines? A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study. To investigate the effect visual imagery may have on career choice among current university students across a range of subjects and disciplines.University College London (UCL), UK.Cross-sectional questionnaire-based study.The study compared four main groups of UCL students: current students at the Slade School of Fine Art; UCL Eastman Dental Institute; UCL

2019 Journal of Orthodontics

14. Using an eLearning Module to Facilitate Sepsis Knowledge Acquisition Across Multiple Institutions and Learner Disciplines. (PubMed)

Using an eLearning Module to Facilitate Sepsis Knowledge Acquisition Across Multiple Institutions and Learner Disciplines. Guidelines exist for care of pediatric sepsis, but no study has assessed the benefit of electronic learning (eLearning) in this topic area. The objective of this multicenter study was to assess knowledge acquisition and retention for pediatric sepsis across multiple health care provider roles, using an adaptive and interactive eLearning module.The study used pretest

2019 Pediatric Emergency Care

15. A biomechanical analysis of the roundhouse kicking technique of expert practitioners: A comparison between the martial arts disciplines of Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo. (PubMed)

A biomechanical analysis of the roundhouse kicking technique of expert practitioners: A comparison between the martial arts disciplines of Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo. The purpose of this study was first, to determine whether there were differences in the roundhouse kicking leg kinematics performed by highly skilled Muay Thai, Karate and Taekwondo practitioners (n = 8 per group). Next, analysis aimed to identify the kinematic determinants of effective roundhouse kicking performance. Three (...) -dimensional (3D) lower limb kinematics were recorded using a nine camera infra-red motion capture system (500 Hz) during three maximal roundhouse kicks. Impact forces were recorded using a strain gauge (1000 Hz) attached to a kicking pad positioned at the height of each participant's mastoid process. Results showed that linear foot velocity at impact was moderately correlated with relative impact force (r = 0.66, P = 0.001). Discipline specific analyses of the temporal data indicated that the Muay Thai

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2017 PLoS ONE

16. Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools

Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools Discipline Disparities and Discrimination in Schools | RAND Objective Analysis. Effective Solutions. Site-wide navigation Trending Topics Featured Research Activities Spotlight Commentary: Commentary: By Research Area Drawing upon decades of experience, RAND provides research services, systematic analysis, and innovative thinking to a global clientele that includes government agencies, foundations, and private-sector firms. Who We Work (...) an with the subtitle, “Are America's teachers a bunch of racists? Democrats seem to think so.” At the heart of this dispute is whether racial discipline disparities reflect discriminatory discipline practices by educators. On one hand, discriminatory school discipline practices—punishing different groups differently for similar behaviors—certainly could contribute to the disparities we see. Researchers have found evidence of both implicit and intentional forms of bias in many parts of American life, and that bias

2017 The RAND blog

17. Dilemma of healthcare reform and invention of new discipline of health fiscalogy (PubMed)

Dilemma of healthcare reform and invention of new discipline of health fiscalogy China's Reform and Open up Policy in 1980s has brought rapid economic development to Chinese society. With the deepening of economic reform, the withdrawal of the state in China has had visible and worrisome consequences for health and for the functioning of health services. The new round of healthcare reform after 2009 has made significant achievements on improving fundamental health and bringing back the nature (...) of welfare of health. However, the financing mechanism of health system has not been established, and the underlying reason behind the healthcare reform dilemma and the theoretical solution need to be found.This study used the methods of literature review, theoretical research and comparative research to summarize and analyze the reasons and solutions of current dilemma in healthcare reform, and created the new discipline of health fiscalogy through theoretical analysis and vertical and horizontal

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2016 Global health research and policy

18. Where Are You Going, Nephrology? Considerations on Models of Care in an Evolving Discipline (PubMed)

Where Are You Going, Nephrology? Considerations on Models of Care in an Evolving Discipline Nephrology is a complex discipline, including care of kidney disease, dialysis, and transplantation. While in Europe, about 1:10 individuals is affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD), 1:1000 lives thanks to dialysis or transplantation, whose costs are as high as 2% of all the health care budget. Nephrology has important links with surgery, bioethics, cardiovascular and internal medicine (...) is built around kidney transplantation and care of glomerulonephritis and immunologic diseases, which probably pose the most important challenges in our discipline, but do not mirror the most common clinical problems. Conversely, the pragmatic one is built around dialysis (the most expensive and frequent mode of renal replacement therapy) and pre-dialysis treatment, focusing attention on the most common diseases, the holistic, or comprehensive, model comprehends both, and is integrated by several

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2018 Journal of clinical medicine

19. The Children's Oncology Group Radiation Oncology Discipline: 15 Years of Contributions to the Treatment of Childhood Cancer. (PubMed)

The Children's Oncology Group Radiation Oncology Discipline: 15 Years of Contributions to the Treatment of Childhood Cancer. Our aim was to review the advances in radiation therapy for the management of pediatric cancers made by the Children's Oncology Group (COG) radiation oncology discipline since its inception in 2000.The various radiation oncology disease site leaders reviewed the contributions and advances in pediatric oncology made through the work of the COG. They have presented outcomes (...) of relevant studies and summarized current treatment policies developed by consensus from experts in the field.The indications and techniques for pediatric radiation therapy have evolved considerably over the years for virtually all pediatric tumor types, resulting in improved cure rates together with the potential for decreased treatment-related morbidity and mortality.The COG radiation oncology discipline has made significant contributions toward the treatment of childhood cancer. Our discipline

2018 Biology and Physics

20. Psychiatry: A discipline at specific risk of mental health issues and addictive behavior? Results from the national BOURBON study. (PubMed)

Psychiatry: A discipline at specific risk of mental health issues and addictive behavior? Results from the national BOURBON study. Physicians are at risk for burnout, anxiety and depression.To explore the self-reported mental health status, substance use behavior and motives of a national sample of interns in psychiatry compared to other specialties.Interns of the 35 French Medicine faculties were recruited through mailing lists and social networks between December 2016 and May 2018

2018 Journal of Affective Disorders

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