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Diptera

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1901. Trypsin and aminopeptidase activities in blood-fed females Anopheles dirus (Diptera: Culicidae) of differing susceptibility to Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis. (Abstract)

Trypsin and aminopeptidase activities in blood-fed females Anopheles dirus (Diptera: Culicidae) of differing susceptibility to Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis. Midgut proteolytic enzymes contribute to the success or failure of Plasmodium infection of the mosquito. The present study investigated trypsin and aminopeptidase activities in the midgut of two strains of Anopheles dirus selected for susceptibility and refractoriness to Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis. At intervals of 6 hours following

2002 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1902. Relative abundance of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) with reference to infection and infectivity rate from the rural and urban areas of East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. (Abstract)

Relative abundance of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) with reference to infection and infectivity rate from the rural and urban areas of East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. This paper describes the seasonal abundance of Culex quinquefasciatus in the rural and urban areas of the East and West Godavari districts (EGDT and WGDT) of Andhra Pradesh, India. The per man-hour density (PMHD) was collected from seven units in EGDT and two units in WGDT, which comprised

2002 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1903. Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Bar area of Montenegro (Yugoslavia). (Abstract)

Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Bar area of Montenegro (Yugoslavia). The species and ecology of sandflies present in the coastal district of Bar, which lies in Montenegro, an endemic focus of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), were investigated in 1996-1999. A mean of 10 cases of VL and a greater number of viral infections (some of which are attributed to pathogens transmitted by sandflies) are diagnosed each year in this district. Phlebotomus papatasi, P. perfiliewi, P. tobbi, P. neglectus

2003 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1904. Ovarian development and blood-feeding activity in Phlebotomus bergeroti Parrot (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. (Abstract)

Ovarian development and blood-feeding activity in Phlebotomus bergeroti Parrot (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. The ovarian development and blood-feeding of Phlebotomus bergeroti were investigated using a laboratory colony derived from Egyptian flies. Most (89%) of the females in this colony were autogenous. The level of ovarian development observed at the time of blood-feeding varied between Christophers' stages IIB and V, indicating that vitellogenesis did not inhibit blood-feeding

2003 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1905. Wolbachia infection and the expression of cytoplasmic incompatibility in sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. (Abstract)

Wolbachia infection and the expression of cytoplasmic incompatibility in sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. A PCR-based method was used to screen four laboratory colonies of sandflies for Wolbachia infection. The colonies - one of Phlebotomus langeroni, one of P. bergeroti and two of P. papatasi - were all derived from sandflies collected in Egypt. Only one of the colonies, derived from P. papatasi collected in Sinai, was found infected. The sequence of the PCR product for this colony

2003 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1906. Influence of vertebrate blood meals on the development of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis and Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis in the sand fly Lutzomyia migonei (Diptera: Psychodidae). (Abstract)

Influence of vertebrate blood meals on the development of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis and Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis in the sand fly Lutzomyia migonei (Diptera: Psychodidae). The effect of blood meals from humans and seven domestic, wild, or laboratory animals (dogs, horses, chickens, rats, opossums, mice, and hamsters) on the development of Leishmania braziliensis and L. amazonensis was studied in the sand fly Lutzomyia migonei. The development of L. braziliensis and L

2002 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1907. Polymerase chain reaction-based differentiation of the mosquito sibling species Anopheles claviger s.s. and Anopheles petragnani (Diptera: Culicidae). (Abstract)

Polymerase chain reaction-based differentiation of the mosquito sibling species Anopheles claviger s.s. and Anopheles petragnani (Diptera: Culicidae). A polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-based diagnostic assay was developed that rapidly and reliably differentiates the sibling species of the Anopheles claviger complex, An. claviger s.s. and An. petragnani. The assay makes use of nucleotide differences in the internal transcribed spacer 2 ribosomal DNA sequences to generate PCR products of specific

2003 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1908. Genetic relationships among some species groups within the genus Lutzomyia (Diptera: Psychodidae). (Abstract)

Genetic relationships among some species groups within the genus Lutzomyia (Diptera: Psychodidae). Molecular data on Lutzomyia are very scarce, despite the fact that this genus includes all the species involved in the transmission of leishmaniasis in America. We examine the genetic relationships among eight morphologic groups within the Lutzomyia genus and two Brumptomyia species, using nine enzyme loci and the last 285 basepairs of the mitochondrial cytochrome b gene. The structure

2003 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1909. MalariaSphere: a greenhouse-enclosed simulation of a natural Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) ecosystem in western Kenya. Full Text available with Trip Pro

MalariaSphere: a greenhouse-enclosed simulation of a natural Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) ecosystem in western Kenya. The development and implementation of innovative vector control strategies for malaria control in Africa requires in-depth ecological studies in contained semi-field environments. This particularly applies to the development and release of genetically-engineered vectors that are refractory to Plasmodium infection. Here we describe a modified greenhouse, designed

2002 Malaria journal

1910. Repellency of essential oils extracted from plants in Thailand against four mosquito vectors (Diptera: Culicidae) and oviposition deterrent effects against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). (Abstract)

Repellency of essential oils extracted from plants in Thailand against four mosquito vectors (Diptera: Culicidae) and oviposition deterrent effects against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). In this study we evaluated and reported repellent effects of essential oils from Thai plants against 4 mosquito vectors: Aedes aegypti, Ae. albopictus, Anopheles. dirus and Culex quinquefasciatus under laboratory conditions using human volunteers. The essential oils were extracted from 18 plant species

2006 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

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