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Diptera

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1881. Efficacy of agnique (mmf) monomolecular surface film against immature stages of Anopheles arabiensis patton and Culex spp (diptera: culicidae) in Khartoum, Sudan. (Abstract)

Efficacy of agnique (mmf) monomolecular surface film against immature stages of Anopheles arabiensis patton and Culex spp (diptera: culicidae) in Khartoum, Sudan. The efficacy of the larvicidal and pupicidal agent (Agnique) MMF was evaluated against larvae of An. arabiensis and Culex (Diptera: Culicidae) under field conditions in Bahary Locality, Khartoum, Sudan. At an applied dosage of 0.25 ml/m2, MMF resulted in 89.4, 79.8 and 88.2% reductions in L3-L4 instars An. arabiensis and 63.5

2008 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1882. Control of aggregated populations of the eye fly Siphunculina funicola (diptera: chloropidae) using pyrethroid aerosols. (Abstract)

Control of aggregated populations of the eye fly Siphunculina funicola (diptera: chloropidae) using pyrethroid aerosols. Three commercially available insecticide aerosol compositions containing cyphenothrin, imiprothrin, cypermethrin, d-tetramethrin and permethrin, in various combinations and concentrations were evaluated for control of the oriental eye flies Siphunculina funicola (de Meijere) from their aggregation substrates in two villages in the Chon Buri Province, Thailand. Each aerosol

2008 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1883. Life tables study of immature Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera : Culicidae) during the wet and dry seasons in Penang, Malaysia. (Abstract)

Life tables study of immature Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera : Culicidae) during the wet and dry seasons in Penang, Malaysia. Life tables were constructed for twelve cohorts of immature stages of the dengue vector Ae. albopictus in a wooded area of Penang, Malaysia. The development time of Ae. albopictus ranged from 6 to 10 days depending on the mean environmental temperature (r = - 0.639, p < 0.05). Total cohort mortality was correlated with total development time (r = 0.713, p < 0.05

2008 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1884. Population genetics and phylogeography of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from Brazil. (Abstract)

Population genetics and phylogeography of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from Brazil. Population genetic analyses were conducted using samples of Aedes aegypti from 14 localities in the north, southeast, northeast, and central regions of Brazil. An 852-bp region of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene was used in the analyses. Ten haplotypes were observed, and cluster analyses revealed 2 groups (lineages) separated by 8 fixed mutations, suggesting that the Brazilian Ae

2008 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1885. Effect of the Entomogenous Nematode Nemplectana carpocapsae on the Tachinid Parasite Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of the Entomogenous Nematode Nemplectana carpocapsae on the Tachinid Parasite Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae) The entomogenous nematode Neoaplectana carpocapsae and its associated bacterium, Xenorhabdus nematophilus, could not infect the pupal stage of the tachinid Compsilura concinnata through the puparium. N. carpocapsae had an adverse effect on 1-, 2- and 3-day-old C. concinnata larvae within the armyworm host in petri dish tests. All 1-day-old larvae treated

1984 Journal of nematology

1886. Recombination rate predicts inversion size in Diptera. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Recombination rate predicts inversion size in Diptera. Most species of the Drosophila genus and other Diptera are polymorphic for paracentric inversions. A common observation is that successful inversions are of intermediate size. We test here the hypothesis that the selected property is the recombination length of inversions, not their physical length. If so, physical length of successful inversions should be negatively correlated with recombination rate across species. This prediction (...) was tested by a comprehensive statistical analysis of inversion size and recombination map length in 12 Diptera species for which appropriate data are available. We found that (1) there is a wide variation in recombination map length among species; (2) physical length of successful inversions varies greatly among species and is inversely correlated with the species recombination map length; and (3) neither the among-species variation in inversion length nor the correlation are observed in unsuccessful

1999 Genetics

1887. Induction of Malathion resistance in CCE/CC128 cell line of Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata (Wied.)) (Diptera: Tephritidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Induction of Malathion resistance in CCE/CC128 cell line of Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata (Wied.)) (Diptera: Tephritidae) The CCE/CC128 cell line, derived from fertilized eggs of theMediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), was used toinvestigate whether insect cells in culture could developresistance to Malathion. After 20 cycles of pulse-chasetreatment (28 h exposure to 90 mug/ml of Malathion and 48 hrecovery in normal medium), a Mal 90 selected population wasobtained. DNA

2000 Cytotechnology

1888. Locomotion through use of the mouth brushes in the larva of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Locomotion through use of the mouth brushes in the larva of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). The larva of the mosquito Culex pipiens is a filter-feeder and is able to use the feeding current generated by its mouth brushes to glide slowly through the water. The hydrodynamics of the mouth brushes, and of gliding, were investigated by visualizing the feeding current using dyes. Unlike the mouth brushes of a sessile filter-feeder such as the blackfly larva, those of C. pipiens function more like

2001 Proceedings. Biological sciences / The Royal Society

1889. Behavioural mimicry of honeybees (Apis mellifera) by droneflies (Diptera: Syrphidae: Eristalis spp.). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Behavioural mimicry of honeybees (Apis mellifera) by droneflies (Diptera: Syrphidae: Eristalis spp.). Droneflies (Syrphidae: Eristalis spp. resemble honeybees (Apis mellifera) in appearance and have often been considered to be Batesian mimics. This study used a focal watch technique in order to compare the foraging behaviour of droneflies Eristalis tenax, Eristalis pertinax, Eristalis arbustorum and Eristalis nemorum) whilst they were feeding on patches of flowers with the behaviour

2000 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1890. Evolution of dosage compensation in Diptera: the gene maleless implements dosage compensation in Drosophila (Brachycera suborder) but its homolog in Sciara (Nematocera suborder) appears to play no role in dosage compensation. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evolution of dosage compensation in Diptera: the gene maleless implements dosage compensation in Drosophila (Brachycera suborder) but its homolog in Sciara (Nematocera suborder) appears to play no role in dosage compensation. In Drosophila melanogaster and in Sciara ocellaris dosage compensation occurs by hypertranscription of the single male X chromosome. This article reports the cloning and characterization in S. ocellaris of the gene homologous to maleless (mle) of D. melanogaster, which

2000 Genetics

1891. Population genetics of Glossina morsitans submorsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Population genetics of Glossina morsitans submorsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae) Breeding structure of Glossina morsitans submorsitans Newstead was evaluated by using genetic markers in mitochondrial DNA where diversity was scored at two loci in five natural populations from The Gambia and two populations in Ethiopia (form ugandensis Vanderplank), countries separated by c. 5450 km. Twenty six haplotype combinations were found, of which 17 were shared among two or more populations. Nine haplotypes

2000 Bulletin of entomological research

1892. Laboratory and field evaluations of a repellent soap containing diethyl toluamide (DEET) and permethrin against phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. (Abstract)

Laboratory and field evaluations of a repellent soap containing diethyl toluamide (DEET) and permethrin against phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Valle del Cauca, Colombia. The repellency and insecticidal efficacy of Nopikex, a soap formulation containing 20% diethyl toluamide and 0.5% permethrin, was evaluated against a laboratory colony of phlebotomine sand flies (Lutzomyia longipalpis). The repellency of Nopikex soap was also compared with that of a placebo soap against

1995 The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1893. Rift Valley fever virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus Phlebovirus). Isolations from Diptera collected during an inter-epizootic period in Kenya. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rift Valley fever virus (family Bunyaviridae, genus Phlebovirus). Isolations from Diptera collected during an inter-epizootic period in Kenya. A total of 134 876 Diptera collected in Kenya during a 3-year period were tested in 3383 pools for Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus. Nineteen pools of unengorged mosquitoes were found positive for RVF. All isolations were made from specimens collected at or near the naturally or artificially flooded grassland depressions that serve as the developmental

1985 The Journal of hygiene

1894. Characterization of microsatellite markers in the tsetse fly, Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Characterization of microsatellite markers in the tsetse fly, Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae) Glossina pallidipes is a vector of African trypanosomiasis. Here we characterize eight new polymorphic microsatellite loci in 288 G. pallidipes sampled from 12 Kenya populations. The number of alleles per locus ranged from four to 36 with a mean of 20.5 +/- 10.1. Expected single locus heterozygosities varied from 0.044 to 0.829. Heterozygosity averaged 0.616 +/- 0.246. No linkage

2003 Molecular ecology notes

1895. Identification and properties of microsatellite markers in tsetse flies Glossina morsitans sensu lato (Diptera: Glossinidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Identification and properties of microsatellite markers in tsetse flies Glossina morsitans sensu lato (Diptera: Glossinidae) Genomic libraries enriched for simple sequence repeats were constructed for Glossina morsitans morsitans, G. m. submorsitans, and G. m. centralis. Sixteen microsatellite markers were isolated from the libraries and evaluated on flies from natural G. m. morsitans populations and other Glossina species in the Morsitans and Palpalis species groups. The primers amplified

2001 Molecular ecology notes

1896. A Comparative Genomic Analysis of Two Distant Diptera, the Fruit Fly, Drosophila melanogaster, and the Malaria Mosquito, Anopheles gambiae Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Comparative Genomic Analysis of Two Distant Diptera, the Fruit Fly, Drosophila melanogaster, and the Malaria Mosquito, Anopheles gambiae Genome evolution entails changes in the DNA sequence of genes and intergenic regions, changes in gene numbers, and also changes in gene order along the chromosomes. Genes are reshuffled by chromosomal rearrangements such as deletions/insertions, inversions, translocations, and transpositions. Here we report a comparative study of genome organization

2002 Genome Research

1897. Studies on trap effectiveness of tsetse flies (Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae)) in the Tanga Region of north eastern Tanzania. (Abstract)

Studies on trap effectiveness of tsetse flies (Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae)) in the Tanga Region of north eastern Tanzania. At Mkwaja and Mivumoni ranches in NE Tanzania the catches of Glossina pallidipes Austen, G. brevipalpis Newstead, G. morsitans morsitans Westwood and G. austeni Newstead were usually about two to three times greater in traps of the NGU, Epsilon and F3 types than in the Blue Biconical and Pyramidal traps when used with odours. Catches from moving men were improved

2003 Acta Tropica

1898. Molecular variation and phylogeny of the Anopheles minimus complex (Diptera: Culicidae) inhabiting Southeast Asian countries, based on ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers, ITS1 and 2, and the 28S D3 sequences. (Abstract)

Molecular variation and phylogeny of the Anopheles minimus complex (Diptera: Culicidae) inhabiting Southeast Asian countries, based on ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacers, ITS1 and 2, and the 28S D3 sequences. Anopheles minimus (Theobald) is one of the most important vectors of human malaria in Southeast Asia. Morphological studies now have revealed five sibling species as its complex, designated as species A to E. The present study investigated the genetic divergence among An. minimus

2003 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1899. Trypsin and aminopeptidase activities in blood-fed females Anopheles dirus (Diptera: Culicidae) of differing susceptibility to Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis. (Abstract)

Trypsin and aminopeptidase activities in blood-fed females Anopheles dirus (Diptera: Culicidae) of differing susceptibility to Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis. Midgut proteolytic enzymes contribute to the success or failure of Plasmodium infection of the mosquito. The present study investigated trypsin and aminopeptidase activities in the midgut of two strains of Anopheles dirus selected for susceptibility and refractoriness to Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis. At intervals of 6 hours following

2002 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1900. Relative abundance of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) with reference to infection and infectivity rate from the rural and urban areas of East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. (Abstract)

Relative abundance of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) with reference to infection and infectivity rate from the rural and urban areas of East and West Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh, India. This paper describes the seasonal abundance of Culex quinquefasciatus in the rural and urban areas of the East and West Godavari districts (EGDT and WGDT) of Andhra Pradesh, India. The per man-hour density (PMHD) was collected from seven units in EGDT and two units in WGDT, which comprised

2002 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

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