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1841. Pool screen PCR for estimating the prevalence of Leishmania infantum infection in sandflies (Diptera: Nematocera, Phlebotomidae). (PubMed)

Pool screen PCR for estimating the prevalence of Leishmania infantum infection in sandflies (Diptera: Nematocera, Phlebotomidae). Prevalence studies of infection in the sandfly vector can be used as an indicator of a change in the intensity of Leishmania transmission. However, these studies are difficult to carry out as prevalence in the vector is usually low and its estimation requires a large number of sandflies to be dissected. Our objective was to establish whether a L. infantum-specific

2006 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1842. Discrimination of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) laboratory lines based on wing geometry. (PubMed)

Discrimination of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) laboratory lines based on wing geometry. Recent techniques of geometric morphometrics were applied to the study of four Thailand laboratory lines of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti. These lines differed by their geographic origin and the number of generations spent in the laboratory. Using a phase contrast microscope, a set of sixteen landmarks of the wings could be identified. A subsequent Procrustean superposition analysis produced

2005 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1843. Effect of microwave irradiation on the blow fly Chrysomya megacephala (F.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae). (PubMed)

Effect of microwave irradiation on the blow fly Chrysomya megacephala (F.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae). Chrysomya megacephala (F) is a blow fly species of medical importance, being pestiferous and a mechanical carrier of various microorganisms to human food. Various strategies to reduce the fly population in endemic areas are needed. We investigated the effects of microwaves at 2,450 MHz, with third-instar exposure times of 7, 10, 15, 30 and 60 seconds on the larvae. Survival of the larvae

2005 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1844. Mark-release-recapture experiments with Anopheles saperoi (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Yona Forest, northern Okinawa, Japan. (PubMed)

Mark-release-recapture experiments with Anopheles saperoi (Diptera: Culicidae) in the Yona Forest, northern Okinawa, Japan. Six mark-release-recapture experiments with Anopheles saperoi Bohart and Ingram were performed in the Yona Forest, northern Okinawa, Japan from June 1998 - November 1999, in order to estimate the gonotrophic cycle, survival, spatial distribution, flight range, and population size of An. saperoi. Adults and immature An. saperoi were collected from the Yona Forest area

2005 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1845. Seasonal fluctuations of dengue fever vector, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Delhi, India. (PubMed)

Seasonal fluctuations of dengue fever vector, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Delhi, India. Studies on the seasonal fluctuation of Aedes aegypti were undertaken in different localities of Delhi, during 2000. The Aedes aegypti population was found to be prevalent in all the localities in Delhi. Water coolers and tires were found to be the preferred breeding habitats of Aedes mosquitos in the city. Aedes aegypti, being hygroscopic, showed a phenomenon of annual pulsation. It tends to move

2005 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1846. Aedine mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae: Aedini) occurring in Thailand with their current generic and subgeneric status, and new country records. (PubMed)

Aedine mosquito species (Diptera: Culicidae: Aedini) occurring in Thailand with their current generic and subgeneric status, and new country records. A list of the currently valid generic and species-level taxa of tribe Aedini in Thailand is provided. Its purpose is to enable entomologists, public health personnel and mosquito control workers to more quickly become familiar with recent formal taxonomic changes within the tribe. New country records of four species of Armigeres are reported.

2005 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1847. Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Bar area of Montenegro (Yugoslavia). (PubMed)

Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Bar area of Montenegro (Yugoslavia). The species and ecology of sandflies present in the coastal district of Bar, which lies in Montenegro, an endemic focus of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), were investigated in 1996-1999. A mean of 10 cases of VL and a greater number of viral infections (some of which are attributed to pathogens transmitted by sandflies) are diagnosed each year in this district. Phlebotomus papatasi, P. perfiliewi, P. tobbi, P. neglectus

2003 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1848. Ovarian development and blood-feeding activity in Phlebotomus bergeroti Parrot (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. (PubMed)

Ovarian development and blood-feeding activity in Phlebotomus bergeroti Parrot (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. The ovarian development and blood-feeding of Phlebotomus bergeroti were investigated using a laboratory colony derived from Egyptian flies. Most (89%) of the females in this colony were autogenous. The level of ovarian development observed at the time of blood-feeding varied between Christophers' stages IIB and V, indicating that vitellogenesis did not inhibit blood-feeding

2003 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1849. Wolbachia infection and the expression of cytoplasmic incompatibility in sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. (PubMed)

Wolbachia infection and the expression of cytoplasmic incompatibility in sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from Egypt. A PCR-based method was used to screen four laboratory colonies of sandflies for Wolbachia infection. The colonies - one of Phlebotomus langeroni, one of P. bergeroti and two of P. papatasi - were all derived from sandflies collected in Egypt. Only one of the colonies, derived from P. papatasi collected in Sinai, was found infected. The sequence of the PCR product for this colony

2003 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1850. A molecular marker for the identification of Simulium squamosum (Diptera: Simuliidae). (PubMed)

A molecular marker for the identification of Simulium squamosum (Diptera: Simuliidae). All except one of the important groups of West African vectors of Onchocerca volvulus that lie within the Simulium damnosum complex can be distinguished from each other using morphological characteristics. The exception is S. squamosum, which overlaps with other species, and this results in significant levels of misidentification. Variation in the untranscribed H3-H4 histone intergenic spacer region of flies

2004 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1851. rDNA-ITS2-PCR assay for grouping the cryptic species of Anopheles culicifacies complex (Diptera: Culicidae). (PubMed)

rDNA-ITS2-PCR assay for grouping the cryptic species of Anopheles culicifacies complex (Diptera: Culicidae). Anopheles culicifacies, a predominant vector of malaria in India exists as a complex of five sibling species A, B, C, D and E, of which, except species B, all the rest are vectors with varying vectorial capacities. With a combination of PCR assays, it is possible to identify all the five members of this species complex. These assays include amplification of the rDNA-ITS2 region followed

2007 Acta Tropica

1852. Intraspecific variation within Phlebotomus sergenti Parrot (1917) (Diptera: Psychodidae) based on mtDNA sequences in Islamic Republic of Iran. (PubMed)

Intraspecific variation within Phlebotomus sergenti Parrot (1917) (Diptera: Psychodidae) based on mtDNA sequences in Islamic Republic of Iran. An intraspecific study on the morphological and molecular characteristics of Phlebotomus sergenti s.l., the main vector of Leishmania tropica, was performed on 28 Iranian populations from 11 provinces and a few samples from Greece, Morocco, Lebanon, Turkey, Pakistan, and Syria. Three morphotypes were identified as A, B and C, with some intermediate forms

2007 Acta Tropica

1853. Chlorfenapyr: a pyrrole insecticide for the control of pyrethroid or DDT resistant Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes. (PubMed)

Chlorfenapyr: a pyrrole insecticide for the control of pyrethroid or DDT resistant Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes. Owing to the development and spread of pyrethroid resistance in Anopheles gambiae in Africa there is an urgent need to develop alternative insecticides to supplement the pyrethroids. Chlorfenapyr is a pyrrole insecticide first commercialized for the control of agricultural pests and termites. Performance against An. gambiae bearing kdr (pyrethroid and DDT

2007 Acta Tropica

1854. Epizootiological importance of Glossina morsitans submorsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae) (Newstead) in the Ghibe River Valley, Southwest Ethiopia. (PubMed)

Epizootiological importance of Glossina morsitans submorsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae) (Newstead) in the Ghibe River Valley, Southwest Ethiopia. The epizootiological importance of Glossina morsitans submorsitans in Ghibe River Valley was undertaken from October 2000 to September 2001. The flies were collected using baited monoconical traps. G. m. submorsitans occurred with a mean apparent density of 4.26+/-0.49 flies/trap/day and the apparent density was characterized by an increase during

2007 Acta Tropica

1855. Non-biting cyclorrhaphan flies (Diptera) as carriers of intestinal human parasites in slum areas of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. (PubMed)

Non-biting cyclorrhaphan flies (Diptera) as carriers of intestinal human parasites in slum areas of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. A study was conducted to determine the role of non-biting cyclorrhaphan flies as carriers of intestinal parasites in slum areas of Addis Ababa from January 2004 to June 2004. A total of 9550 flies, comprising of at least seven species were collected from four selected sites and examined for human intestinal parasites using the formol-ether concentration method. The dominant

2007 Acta Tropica

1856. Identification of four members of the Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) group and their role in Plasmodium falciparum transmission in Bagamoyo coastal Tanzania. (PubMed)

Identification of four members of the Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) group and their role in Plasmodium falciparum transmission in Bagamoyo coastal Tanzania. The role of Anopheles funestus group in malaria transmission was investigated in Bagamoyo coastal Tanzania, in the process of characterizing the area as a malaria vaccine testing site. Mosquitoes were sampled inside houses and multiplex PCR was used to identify 649 specimens. The following species were found: A. funestus s.s

2007 Acta Tropica

1857. Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of Marrakech city, Morocco. (PubMed)

Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of Marrakech city, Morocco. The sandflies at 17 sites within or near the Moroccan city of Marrakech were surveyed between 2002 and 2006. Overall 2310 specimens were collected and five species were identified. Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus) papatasi was the most prevalent species (47.4%), followed by Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia) minuta (16.6%), S. (S.) fallax (16.1%), P. (Paraphlebotomus) sergenti (12.8%) and P. (Larroussius) longicuspis (7.1

2007 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1858. Seasonal phenology, host-blood feeding preferences and natural Leishmania infection of Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera, Psychodidae) in a high-endemic focus of canine leishmaniasis in Rome province, Italy. (PubMed)

Seasonal phenology, host-blood feeding preferences and natural Leishmania infection of Phlebotomus perniciosus (Diptera, Psychodidae) in a high-endemic focus of canine leishmaniasis in Rome province, Italy. A 2-year survey aimed to study seasonal phenology, host-blood feeding preferences and Leishmania infections of Phlebotomus perniciosus, was carried out in a high-endemic focus of canine leishmaniasis in Rome province, Italy. Sandfly densities were monitored by sticky traps, while CDC light

2007 Acta Tropica

1859. Tolerance of house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) to dichlorvos (76% EC) an insecticide used for fly control in the tsunami-hit coastal villages of southern India. (PubMed)

Tolerance of house fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) to dichlorvos (76% EC) an insecticide used for fly control in the tsunami-hit coastal villages of southern India. The Directorate of Public Health (DPH), Tamil Nadu, in southern India employed spraying of dichlorvos (76% EC) for quick elimination of fly concentrations in the tsunami-hit coastal villages at the concentration of 304g (a.i.)/10,000m(2). However, nuisance of house flies remained high particularly in temporary shelters

2007 Acta Tropica

1860. Effect of the Entomogenous Nematode Nemplectana carpocapsae on the Tachinid Parasite Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae) (PubMed)

Effect of the Entomogenous Nematode Nemplectana carpocapsae on the Tachinid Parasite Compsilura concinnata (Diptera: Tachinidae) The entomogenous nematode Neoaplectana carpocapsae and its associated bacterium, Xenorhabdus nematophilus, could not infect the pupal stage of the tachinid Compsilura concinnata through the puparium. N. carpocapsae had an adverse effect on 1-, 2- and 3-day-old C. concinnata larvae within the armyworm host in petri dish tests. All 1-day-old larvae treated

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1984 Journal of nematology

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