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1821. Laboratory and semi-field evaluation of Mosquito Dunks against Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). (PubMed)

Laboratory and semi-field evaluation of Mosquito Dunks against Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus larvae (Diptera: Culicidae). Laboratory bioassays and semi-field studies were conducted on the efficacy and longevity of Mosquito Dunks (7,000 ITU/mg Bti) in order to determine the concentration-response relationship and the effectiveness on the potency of the Bti product against Aedes mosquito species based on the WHO protocol standard methods and to determine the longevity of release

2006 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1822. Longevity of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) compared in cages and field under ambient conditions in rural Thailand. (PubMed)

Longevity of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) compared in cages and field under ambient conditions in rural Thailand. Aedes aegypti (L.) were exposed to all of the physiological stresses of a natural environment, without mortality from predation or from the defensive behavior of bitten hosts. Each replicate consisted of four cages containing 50 male and 50 female, locally reared Ae. aegypti. The cages were placed in the bedroom and kitchen of a typical Thai house in the village of Hua Samrong

2006 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1823. Double infection of heteroserotypes of dengue viruses in field populations of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) and serological features of dengue viruses found in patients in southern Thailand. (PubMed)

Double infection of heteroserotypes of dengue viruses in field populations of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) and serological features of dengue viruses found in patients in southern Thailand. In order to understand more about the epidemiology of DHF, a study of the type of dengue viruses and vectors under natural conditions was carried out. Mosquito vectors in the field and the serum of DHF patients in southern Thailand were examined. The two mosquito species

2006 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1824. Characterization of ITS2 rDNA of Anopheles philippinensis and Anopheles nivipes (Diptera: Culicidae) from north-east India. (PubMed)

Characterization of ITS2 rDNA of Anopheles philippinensis and Anopheles nivipes (Diptera: Culicidae) from north-east India. Anopheles (Cellia) philippinensis Ludlow and Anopheles (Cellia) nivipes (Theobald) are two closely related, morphologically very similar, mosquito species in the Annularis group, which play a supportive role in malaria transmission in north-east India. We amplified and performed sequence analysis for the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) locus of ribosomal DNA (rDNA

2006 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1825. Altitudinal structuring of sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the High-Atlas mountains (Morocco) and its relation to the risk of leishmaniasis transmission. (PubMed)

Altitudinal structuring of sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the High-Atlas mountains (Morocco) and its relation to the risk of leishmaniasis transmission. This paper presents the results of entomological surveys on phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Haouz of Marrakech and High-Atlas mountains (Morocco). Sand flies were captured with sticky traps from 25 stations with altitudes ranging between 400 and 1400 m. A total of 2742 specimens belonging to nine phlebotomine species

2006 Acta Tropica

1826. Population structure of the malaria vector Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Madagascar and Comoros. (PubMed)

Population structure of the malaria vector Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) in Madagascar and Comoros. Microsatellites were used as markers for a study of the population structure of Anopheles funestus on Madagascar and Comoros. Mosquitoes were collected in four different localities on Madagascar and one on Comoros. There was a significant genetic differentiation between all samples from Madagascar and that from Comoros (P<0.05). With respect to the Madagascar mosquito samples

2006 Acta Tropica

1827. Genetic structure of natural populations of the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) from the Brazilian northeastern region. (PubMed)

Genetic structure of natural populations of the sand fly Lutzomyia longipalpis (Diptera: Psychodidae) from the Brazilian northeastern region. In Latin America, Lutzomyia longipalpis is the principal vector of Leishmania chagasi, and is associated with the majority of active foci of visceral leishmaniasis. In spite of the fact that this sand fly is spread practically throughout the entire Neotropical Region, its distribution is not uniform due to geographic and environmental barriers. Geographic

2006 Acta Tropica

1828. Pattern of mitochondrial DNA variation between and within Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) biological forms suggests extensive gene flow. (PubMed)

Pattern of mitochondrial DNA variation between and within Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) biological forms suggests extensive gene flow. Anopheles stephensi Liston is the most prevalent anopheline species and plays an important role in malaria transmission in Indian subcontinent and Middle East including southern parts of Iran. It exists as three biological forms; "type", "intermediate", and variety mysorensis. The type form is reported to be an efficient vector of urban malaria

2006 Acta Tropica

1829. Molecular identification and phylogeny of the Maculatus group of Anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. (PubMed)

Molecular identification and phylogeny of the Maculatus group of Anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences. The Maculatus group of Anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) comprises eight known species, including important malaria vectors in Southeast Asia. The sequences of the second internal transcribed spacer (ITS2) and third domain (D3) of ribosomal DNA, and cytochrome oxidase subunit II (COII) of mitochondrial DNA were obtained for five

2006 Acta Tropica

1830. Diurnal biting periodicity of parous Simulium (Diptera: Simuliidae) vectors in the onchocerciasis Amazonian focus. (PubMed)

Diurnal biting periodicity of parous Simulium (Diptera: Simuliidae) vectors in the onchocerciasis Amazonian focus. We describe the hourly patterns of parous biting activity of the three main simuliid vectors of human onchocerciasis in the Amazonian focus straddling between Venezuela and Brazil, namely, Simulium guianense s.l. Wise; S. incrustatum Lutz, and S. oyapockense s.l. Floch and Abonnenc. Time series of the hourly numbers of host-seeking parous flies caught in five Yanomami villages

2005 Acta Tropica

1831. The development of Plasmodium falciparum in experimentally infected Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) under ambient microhabitat temperature in western Kenya. (PubMed)

The development of Plasmodium falciparum in experimentally infected Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) under ambient microhabitat temperature in western Kenya. The effect of microhabitat temperature variation on the early development of Plasmodium falciparum in experimentally infected Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) was studied. Batches of mosquitoes were fed artificially on gametocyteamic blood obtained from human volunteers and then held in five environmental conditions

2004 Acta Tropica

1832. PCR-RFLP of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit II and ITS2 of ribosomal DNA: markers for the identification of members of the Anopheles culicifacies complex (Diptera: Culicidae). (PubMed)

PCR-RFLP of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase subunit II and ITS2 of ribosomal DNA: markers for the identification of members of the Anopheles culicifacies complex (Diptera: Culicidae). Anopheles culicifacies Giles is a complex of five sibling species, provisionally designated as species A, B, C, D and E. Species A, C, D and E are vectors of malaria in India. Species A, B, C and D can be identified by polytene chromosome examination except in areas where species B and E are sympatric. Species B

2005 Acta Tropica

1833. Seasonal fluctuations of phlebotomine sand fly populations (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the urban area of Marrakech, Morocco. (PubMed)

Seasonal fluctuations of phlebotomine sand fly populations (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the urban area of Marrakech, Morocco. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) were collected continuously, using sticky traps, during 1 year from October 2002 to September 2003, in an urban area of Marrakech city (Morocco). A total of 3277 specimens were collected belonging to five species. Phlebotomus (Phlebotomus) papatasi (54.6%) is the predominant species followed by Sergentomyia (Sergentomyia

2005 Acta Tropica

1834. Detailed assessment of microhabitat suitability for Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. (PubMed)

Detailed assessment of microhabitat suitability for Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) in Buenos Aires, Argentina. Little information is available on the ecology of Aedes aegypti Linnaeus at the southern extreme of its distribution (Buenos Aires, Argentina), particularly on microhabitat suitability. The aim of our study was to identify at a detailed scale, microhabitat factors that correlate with the presence of preimaginal stages of the mosquito. In March 2001, we performed a spatial census

2005 Acta Tropica

1835. Effects of neem limonoids on the malaria vector Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera: Culicidae). (PubMed)

Effects of neem limonoids on the malaria vector Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera: Culicidae). The effects of the neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss) limonoids azadirachtin, salannin, deacetylgedunin, gedunin, 17-hydroxyazadiradione and deacetylnimbin on Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera: Culicidae) were investigated. In exploring advantages of pure neem limonoids, we studied the larvicidal, pupicidal, adulticidal and antiovipositional activity of neem limonoids. Azadirachtin, salannin

2005 Acta Tropica

1836. Laboratory and scaled up evaluation of cis-permethrin applied as a new ultra low volume formulation against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). (PubMed)

Laboratory and scaled up evaluation of cis-permethrin applied as a new ultra low volume formulation against Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Ultra low volume (ULV) aerial spraying is a common methodology for spatial treatments for Aedes aegypti (L.) control. Previous studies from our laboratory indicated that the cis isomer of permethrin has an excellent efficacy for vector control, in particular for Triatoma infestans. It was of interest to determine the efficacy of this pure isomer

2006 Acta Tropica

1837. Genetic analysis of rDNA-ITS2 and RAPD loci in field populations of the malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae): implications for the control program in Iran. (PubMed)

Genetic analysis of rDNA-ITS2 and RAPD loci in field populations of the malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae): implications for the control program in Iran. Anopheles stephensi is one of the most important malaria vectors in the Middle-East, the Indian subcontinent, the Far-East and is the main malaria vector in south of Iran. This vector is thought to be a single but polytypic species, despite its enormous geographical range. To examine this hypothesis, we analyzed the rDNA

2006 Acta Tropica

1838. Indoor collections of the Anopheles funestus group (Diptera: Culicidae) in sprayed houses in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. (PubMed)

Indoor collections of the Anopheles funestus group (Diptera: Culicidae) in sprayed houses in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. Insecticide resistance in malaria vector mosquitoes presents a serious problem for those involved in control of this disease. South Africa experienced a severe malaria epidemic during 1999/2000 due to pyrethroid resistance in the major vector Anopheles funestus. Subsequent monitoring and surveillance of mosquito populations were conducted as part of the malaria

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2007 Malaria journal

1839. Larval habitats of Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) influences vector competence to Plasmodium falciparum parasites. (PubMed)

Larval habitats of Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae) influences vector competence to Plasmodium falciparum parasites. The origin of highly competent malaria vectors has been linked to productive larval habitats in the field, but there isn't solid quantitative or qualitative data to support it. To test this, the effect of larval habitat soil substrates on larval development time, pupation rates and vector competence of Anopheles gambiae to Plasmodium falciparum were examined.Soils were

Full Text available with Trip Pro

2007 Malaria journal

1840. Identification of three members of the Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) group and their role in malaria transmission in two ecological zones in Nigeria. (PubMed)

Identification of three members of the Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) group and their role in malaria transmission in two ecological zones in Nigeria. The role of the Anopheles funestus group in malaria transmission was investigated in two ecological zones in Nigeria. Sampling was carried out at four sites each around Ibadan (forest) and Ilorin (savanna). Human landing catches were supplemented with indoor and outdoor resting collections. PCR was used to identify 1848 A. funestus group

2005 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

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