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Diptera

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1801. Oral infection by Diptera larvae in children: a case report. (Abstract)

Oral infection by Diptera larvae in children: a case report. Oral myiasis is usually caused by flies of the order Diptera. One of the causes of human myiasis is Cochliomyia hominivorax, which is a true obligate parasite of mammals.A case of oral myiasis in a 5-year-old girl is reported. She presented with a swelling on the hard palate accompanied by intense pain and a fetid odor. A literature review of oral myiasis reports in children was performed.The poor oral hygiene, lip incompetence, open

2008 International Journal of Dermatology

1802. Population genetics and phylogeography of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from Brazil. (Abstract)

Population genetics and phylogeography of Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from Brazil. Population genetic analyses were conducted using samples of Aedes aegypti from 14 localities in the north, southeast, northeast, and central regions of Brazil. An 852-bp region of the mitochondrial DNA cytochrome oxidase I (COI) gene was used in the analyses. Ten haplotypes were observed, and cluster analyses revealed 2 groups (lineages) separated by 8 fixed mutations, suggesting that the Brazilian Ae

2008 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1803. Evaluation of mosquito densoviruses for controlling Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae): variation in efficiency due to virus strain and geographic origin of mosquitoes. (Abstract)

Evaluation of mosquito densoviruses for controlling Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae): variation in efficiency due to virus strain and geographic origin of mosquitoes. Four mosquito densovirus strains were assayed for mortality and infectivity against Aedes aegypti larvae from different geographic regions. The viral titers were quantified by real-time PCR using TaqMan technology. Firstinstar larvae were exposed to the same titer of each densovirus strain for 48 hours. All strains

2008 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1804. Morphological and isoenzymatic differentiation of Phlebotomus perniciosus and Phlebotomus longicuspis (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Southern Morocco. (Abstract)

Morphological and isoenzymatic differentiation of Phlebotomus perniciosus and Phlebotomus longicuspis (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Southern Morocco. Morphological and enzymatic characterization of Phlebotomus perniciosus and Phlebotomus longicuspis in Morocco is reported. Twenty-nine localities in central and southern of Morocco were sampled and compared with three localities from the Rif (northern Morocco). For morphological study, sand flies were collected by sticky-paper traps. For males

2008 Acta Tropica

1805. Usutu Virus Sequences in Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae), Spain. (Full text)

Usutu Virus Sequences in Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae), Spain. 18439389 2008 06 30 2018 11 13 1080-6059 14 5 2008 May Emerging infectious diseases Emerging Infect. Dis. Usutu virus sequences in Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae), Spain. 861-3 10.3201/eid1405.071577 Busquets Núria N Alba Anna A Allepuz Alberto A Aranda Carles C Ignacio Nuñez José J eng GENBANK AM909649 Letter United States Emerg Infect Dis 9508155 1080-6040 0 RNA, Viral IM Animals Base Sequence Culex virology Encephalitis

2008 Emerging Infectious Diseases PubMed abstract

1806. Detection of natural infection in Lutzomyia cruzi and Lutzomyia forattinii (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) by Leishmania infantum chagasi in an endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil using a PCR multiplex assay. (Abstract)

Detection of natural infection in Lutzomyia cruzi and Lutzomyia forattinii (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) by Leishmania infantum chagasi in an endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis in Brazil using a PCR multiplex assay. In order to identify Lutzomyia spp. naturally infected by Leishmania parasites a PCR multiplex assay coupled to non-isotopic hybridization was used for the analysis of insect samples collected by CDC light traps in an endemic area of visceral leishmaniasis (VL

2008 Acta Tropica

1807. Resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in Culex pipiens pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) from Tunisia. (Abstract)

Resistance to pyrethroid insecticides in Culex pipiens pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae) from Tunisia. Resistance toward 2 pyrethroïd insecticides (permethrin and deltamethrin), and an organochloric one (DDT) was analyzed in 18 samples of Culex pipiens pipiens common mosquitoes collected from different Tunisian areas between March 2002 and November 2005. Bioassays were performed over different larvae samples. The recorded mortalities, after 24h exposure to increased doses of insecticides, were

2008 Acta Tropica

1808. Vector Competence of Eastern and Western Forms of Psorophora columbiae (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquitoes for Enzootic and Epizootic Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus. (Abstract)

Vector Competence of Eastern and Western Forms of Psorophora columbiae (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquitoes for Enzootic and Epizootic Venezuelan Equine Encephalitis Virus. Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEEV) continues to circulate enzootically in Mexico with the potential to re-emerge and cause disease in equines and humans in North America. We infected two geographically distinct mosquito populations of eastern Psorophora columbiae form columbiae (Chiapas, Mexico and Texas, United States

2008 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1809. The diel oviposition periodicity of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) in the laboratory: substrate-movement effect. (Abstract)

The diel oviposition periodicity of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) in the laboratory: substrate-movement effect. The diel oviposition periodicity of females of the LSHTM strain of Aedes aegypti was studied, under laboratory conditions, using one female/cage and monitoring, by changing the substrate, every 1, 2, 4 or 24 h. The individual females monitored at hourly intervals showed peak oviposition at 18.00-19.00 hours (a period when 44% of the eggs observed were laid) whereas

2008 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1810. Limited interdecadal variation in mosquito (Diptera: culicidae) and avian host competence for Western equine encephalomyelitis virus (togaviridae: alphavirus). (Abstract)

Limited interdecadal variation in mosquito (Diptera: culicidae) and avian host competence for Western equine encephalomyelitis virus (togaviridae: alphavirus). Historically, western equine encephalomyelitis virus (WEEV) caused large equine and human epidemics in the Americas from Canada into Argentina. Despite recent enhanced surveillance for West Nile virus, there have been few reports of equine or human cases and little documented enzootic activity of WEEV. During the past three years, WEEV

2008 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1811. Entomological survey of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a focus of visceral leishmaniasis in central Iran. (Abstract)

Entomological survey of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a focus of visceral leishmaniasis in central Iran. Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is a major vector-borne disease in Iran. A focus of VL is present in Shahreza county, Isfahan province, central Iran. The main objective of this study was to determine the probable vectors in this area.Sand flies were collected biweekly using sticky paper traps, CDC light-traps, and aspirators from outdoors as well as indoors. All female sand

2008 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

1812. Laboratory studies on the effect of inorganic fertilizers on survival and development of immature Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). (Abstract)

Laboratory studies on the effect of inorganic fertilizers on survival and development of immature Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae). Studies were conducted to determine the effect of ammonium sulfate (AM) and muriate of potash (MOP) fertilizers on survival and development of immature stages of Culex quinquefasciatus Say, a major vector of Bancroftian filariasis in Africa.Twenty I instar larvae each were added in four doses of each fertilizer dissolved in one litre of deionised water

2007 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

1813. Short report: observations on the multiple feeding behavior of Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: culicidae), the vector of Japanese encephalitis in Kerala in southern India. (Abstract)

Short report: observations on the multiple feeding behavior of Culex tritaeniorhynchus (Diptera: culicidae), the vector of Japanese encephalitis in Kerala in southern India. A study was undertaken in villages endemic for Japanese encephalitis (JE) in Kerala in southern India during the period 1998-2001 to determine the host-feeding pattern of Culex tritaeniorhynchus, the major vector of JE in southeast Asia. A total of 3,067 blood-engorged Cx. tritaeniorhynchus were tested and 2,553 (82.2

2005 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1814. Diurnal pattern of human-biting activity and transmission of subperiodic Wuchereria bancrofti (Filariidea: Dipetalonematidae) by Ochlerotatus niveus (Diptera: Culicidae) on the Andaman and Nicobar islands of India. (Abstract)

Diurnal pattern of human-biting activity and transmission of subperiodic Wuchereria bancrofti (Filariidea: Dipetalonematidae) by Ochlerotatus niveus (Diptera: Culicidae) on the Andaman and Nicobar islands of India. We monitored diel-landing periodicity (biting activity/cycle) of Ochlerotatus niveus and the infection/infectivity pattern through human-landing collections on Teressa Island, which is remotely located in the Nicobar district of the Andaman and Nicobar group of Islands of India

2005 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1815. Experimental transmission of Chandipura virus by Phlebotomus argentipes (diptera: psychodidae). (Abstract)

Experimental transmission of Chandipura virus by Phlebotomus argentipes (diptera: psychodidae). Experiments were carried out to demonstrate the susceptibity and transmission potential of Phlebotomus argentipes (Annandale & Brunetti) for Chandipura virus (CHPV). In India, P. argentipes is one of the predominant species found in many areas endemic for CHPV. Although its laboratory colonization is difficult, we have demonstrated that 65% of P. argentipes were susceptible to CHPV infection

2007 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1816. Environmental abundance of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) larval habitats on land cover change sites in Karima Village, Mwea Rice Scheme, Kenya. (Abstract)

Environmental abundance of Anopheles (Diptera: Culicidae) larval habitats on land cover change sites in Karima Village, Mwea Rice Scheme, Kenya. A study was carried out at Karima Village in the Mwea Rice Irrigation Scheme in Kenya to assess the impact of rice husbandry and associated land cover change for mosquito larval abundance. A multi-temporal, land use land cover (LULC) classification dataset incorporating distributions of Anopheles arabiensis aquatic larval habitats was produced in ERDAS

2007 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1817. The isolation of Leishmania tropica and L. aethiopica from Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus) species (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Awash Valley, northeastern Ethiopia. (Abstract)

The isolation of Leishmania tropica and L. aethiopica from Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus) species (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Awash Valley, northeastern Ethiopia. In a survey of Leishmania infections in phlebotomine sandflies in a highly suspected focus of leishmaniasis in the Awash Valley (northeastern Ethiopia) between January 1994 and August 1997, a total of 3307 females of 11 Phlebotomus species (P. orientalis, P. fantalensis, P. saevus, P. sergenti, P. gemetchi, P. alexandri, P. bergeroti

2004 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1818. Pool screen PCR for estimating the prevalence of Leishmania infantum infection in sandflies (Diptera: Nematocera, Phlebotomidae). (Abstract)

Pool screen PCR for estimating the prevalence of Leishmania infantum infection in sandflies (Diptera: Nematocera, Phlebotomidae). Prevalence studies of infection in the sandfly vector can be used as an indicator of a change in the intensity of Leishmania transmission. However, these studies are difficult to carry out as prevalence in the vector is usually low and its estimation requires a large number of sandflies to be dissected. Our objective was to establish whether a L. infantum-specific

2006 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1819. PCR-RFLP method for the identification of four members of the Anopheles annularis group of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). (Abstract)

PCR-RFLP method for the identification of four members of the Anopheles annularis group of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). The Anopheles annularis group of mosquitoes is widely distributed in Southeast Asia and may be locally important as malaria vectors. Members of this group are morphologically very similar and often difficult to distinguish, particularly A. nivipes and A. philippinensis. We report the sequence analysis of the rDNA internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and Domain-3 (D3

2007 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1820. Natural infection of Phlebotomus (Larroussius) langeroni (Diptera: Psychodidae) with Leishmania infantum in Tunisia. (Abstract)

Natural infection of Phlebotomus (Larroussius) langeroni (Diptera: Psychodidae) with Leishmania infantum in Tunisia. Phlebotomine sand flies were captured from an active transmission focus of sporadic cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by Leishmania infantum, in El Kef region, northern Tunisia. Both Phlebotomus perniciosus and P. langeroni were found. Phlebotomus langeroni females showed a statistically significant intradomiciliary dominance (P<0.01 for the 2003 and 2004 seasons) when compared

2007 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

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