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Diptera

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1801. A new densovirus isolated from the mosquito Toxorhynchites splendens (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Culicidae). (PubMed)

A new densovirus isolated from the mosquito Toxorhynchites splendens (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Culicidae). A new densovirus was isolated and characterized in laboratory strains of Toxorhynchites splendens. The virus was detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) from mosquitoes reared in our laboratory. PCR fragments from each mosquito were compared by single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) assay and found to be indistinguishable. Thus, it is likely the densoviruses from these mosquitoes

2007 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

1802. Lipase and antibacterial activities of a recombinant protein from the accessory glands of female Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae). (PubMed)

Lipase and antibacterial activities of a recombinant protein from the accessory glands of female Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae). The reproductive accessory glands of the adult female have a functional versatility in insects, contributing to reproduction in various ways. The major protein secreted by the accessory glands of female Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera, Psychodidae) has already been characterised and named PhpaLIP (for P. papatasi lipase) because, in terms of its amino-acid

2005 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1803. Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of the Atlantic forest in Recife, Pernambuco state, Brazil: the species coming to human bait, and their seasonal and monthly variations over a 2-year period. (PubMed)

Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) of the Atlantic forest in Recife, Pernambuco state, Brazil: the species coming to human bait, and their seasonal and monthly variations over a 2-year period. In a study of the phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a forest reserve in Recife, Pernambuco state, north-eastern Brazil, the sandflies landing on human bait between 1.00 and 1.42 h after sunset were collected weekly for 2 years. Although 10,287 sandflies of 10 Lutzomyia species

2005 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1804. The cytotaxonomy and morphotaxonomy of Simulium mengense (Diptera: Simuliidae). (PubMed)

The cytotaxonomy and morphotaxonomy of Simulium mengense (Diptera: Simuliidae). Human onchocerciasis is hyper-endemic in south-western Cameroon and the island of Bioko. The vector on the island is the endemic 'Bioko' form of Simulium yahense. On the mainland, S. damnosum s.s., S. squamosum and S. mengense are recorded around Mount Cameroon but their contribution to transmission in the area is unclear. As elimination of onchocerciasis, through vector eradication, is a possibility on the island

2004 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1805. The sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Turkish province of Hatay: some possible vectors of the parasites causing human cutaneous leishmaniasis. (PubMed)

The sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Turkish province of Hatay: some possible vectors of the parasites causing human cutaneous leishmaniasis. The province of Hatay, which lies on the Mediterranean coast in south-eastern Turkey, forms an important endemic area for human cutaneous leishmaniasis (HCL). Between the June and November of 2001, the sandflies in eight areas of the province, Erzin, Dortyol, Iskenderun, Kirikhan, Antakya, Samandag, Altinozu and Yayladagi, were surveyed, using

2004 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1806. An inventory of the phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) found in the Turkish province of Konya. (PubMed)

An inventory of the phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) found in the Turkish province of Konya. Between the April and October of 1997, the sandflies in six areas (Centrum, Altinekin, Kadinhani, Cumra, Beysehir and Bozkir) of the Turkish province of Konya, in Central Anatolia, were surveyed. All the sandflies were caught close to houses, on sticky-paper traps placed in barns used by livestock. All 127 specimens of Sergentomyia collected were either S. theodori (86.6%) or S. dentata

2006 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1807. Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) production from non-residential sites in the Amazonian city of Iquitos, Peru. (PubMed)

Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) production from non-residential sites in the Amazonian city of Iquitos, Peru. Programmes for the surveillance of Aedes aegypti (L.) often focus on residential areas, ignoring non-residential sites. Between November 2003 and October 2004, pupal/demographic surveys were therefore conducted in non-residential sites in the Peruvian city of Iquitos. The sampled sites included schools, factories, ports, public markets, petrol stations, commercial zones, airports

2006 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1808. Chinius junlianensis Leng 1987 (Diptera: Psychodidae): new morphological data. (PubMed)

Chinius junlianensis Leng 1987 (Diptera: Psychodidae): new morphological data. For the first time, dissection and microscopical examination of several specimens of Chinius junlianensis Leng 1987 have revealed the antennal and palpal formulae of both males and females of this species and the true morphology of the spermathecae in the females. The latter have smooth elongated reservoirs and a very long common duct, which matches the long genital filaments of the males. There are no setae

2007 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1809. The diel oviposition periodicity of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) in the laboratory: density disturbance. (PubMed)

The diel oviposition periodicity of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) in the laboratory: density disturbance. The diel oviposition periodicities of the LSHTM and Trinidad strains of Aedes aegypti were studied under laboratory conditions, using different mosquito densities in the cages and monitoring at 2-h intervals. With both strains, the peak in oviposition occurred earlier in the day when there was only one female in a test cage (16.00-18.00 hours) than when 25 or 500 females were held

2007 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1810. Incrimination of Simulium thyolense (Diptera: Simuliidae) as the anthropophilic blackfly in the Thyolo focus of human onchocerciasis in Malawi. (PubMed)

Incrimination of Simulium thyolense (Diptera: Simuliidae) as the anthropophilic blackfly in the Thyolo focus of human onchocerciasis in Malawi. The sibling species of the Simulium damnosum complex that are potential vectors in the foci of human onchocerciasis found in southern Malawi (the southern-most foci in Africa) were identified, using a combination of cytotaxonomic and molecular techniques. Simulium thyolense was found to be the most abundant species within the foci (representing 91

2005 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1811. Relative abundances of sandfly species (Diptera: Phlebotominae) in two villages in the same area of Campeche, in southern Mexico. (PubMed)

Relative abundances of sandfly species (Diptera: Phlebotominae) in two villages in the same area of Campeche, in southern Mexico. Leishmania mexicana is the parasite causing most cases of human cutaneous leishmaniasis in southern Mexico, where Lutzomyia olmeca olmeca and Lu. cruciata are the most probable vectors. In the present study, sandflies were collected during one transmission season (November 2001-March 2002) in the village of La Guadalupe and the nearby village of Dos Naciones

2005 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1812. Cytotaxonomic description of Simulium kaffaense, a new member of the S. damnosum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) from south-western Ethiopia. (PubMed)

Cytotaxonomic description of Simulium kaffaense, a new member of the S. damnosum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) from south-western Ethiopia. Although Ethiopia is one of the countries worst affected by human onchocerciasis, the exact taxonomic identity of the blackflies acting as the main vectors in the endemic areas has never been determined. A cytotaxonomic analysis of Simulium damnosum s.l. collected from three endemic sites in south-western Ethiopia has now revealed the existence

2005 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1813. Descriptions of members of the Simulium damnosum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) from southern Africa, Ethiopia and Tanzania. (PubMed)

Descriptions of members of the Simulium damnosum complex (Diptera: Simuliidae) from southern Africa, Ethiopia and Tanzania. This paper presents cytotaxonomic details of five populations of the Simulium damnosum complex from South Africa, Swaziland and Ethiopia. The 'Nkusi SW' and 'Pienaars' forms are newly designated members of the complex from South Africa, but the taxonomic rank of an isolate indistinguishable chromosomally from the 'Nkusi' cytoform remains unclear. From Ethiopia two

2005 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1814. Evaluation of a dot-immunoblot assay for detecting leishmanial antigen in naturally infected Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae). (PubMed)

Evaluation of a dot-immunoblot assay for detecting leishmanial antigen in naturally infected Phlebotomus argentipes (Diptera: Psychodidae). A simple and highly reproducible dot-immunoblot assay was developed to detect leishmanial antigen in Phlebotomus argentipes that were naturally infected with Leishmania donovani. The test was sensitive to as little as 10 ng of antigenic protein (equivalent to the gut content of one laboratory-infected sandfly) and also appeared to be specific

2005 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1815. Microsatellite DNA polymorphism and heterozygosity in the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) in east and southern Africa. (PubMed)

Microsatellite DNA polymorphism and heterozygosity in the malaria vector mosquito Anopheles funestus (Diptera: Culicidae) in east and southern Africa. There has been an increase in malaria cases in southern African countries in recent years due to the presence of populations of Anopheles funestus that are resistant to the pyrethroid class of insecticides. Since A. funestus is one of the major African malaria vectors, knowledge of its genetic structure will benefit control strategies

2004 Acta Tropica

1816. Mapping the potential distribution of Phlebotomus martini and P. orientalis (Diptera: Psychodidae), vectors of kala-azar in East Africa by use of geographic information systems. (PubMed)

Mapping the potential distribution of Phlebotomus martini and P. orientalis (Diptera: Psychodidae), vectors of kala-azar in East Africa by use of geographic information systems. The distribution of two principal vectors of kala-azar in East Africa, Phlebotomus martini and Phlebotomus orientalis were analysed using geographic information system (GIS) based on (1) earth observing satellite sensor data: Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and midday Land Surface Temperature (LST) derived

2004 Acta Tropica

1817. Studies on trap effectiveness of tsetse flies (Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae)) in the Tanga Region of north eastern Tanzania. (PubMed)

Studies on trap effectiveness of tsetse flies (Glossina spp. (Diptera: Glossinidae)) in the Tanga Region of north eastern Tanzania. At Mkwaja and Mivumoni ranches in NE Tanzania the catches of Glossina pallidipes Austen, G. brevipalpis Newstead, G. morsitans morsitans Westwood and G. austeni Newstead were usually about two to three times greater in traps of the NGU, Epsilon and F3 types than in the Blue Biconical and Pyramidal traps when used with odours. Catches from moving men were improved

2003 Acta Tropica

1818. The isolation of Leishmania tropica and L. aethiopica from Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus) species (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Awash Valley, northeastern Ethiopia. (PubMed)

The isolation of Leishmania tropica and L. aethiopica from Phlebotomus (Paraphlebotomus) species (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Awash Valley, northeastern Ethiopia. In a survey of Leishmania infections in phlebotomine sandflies in a highly suspected focus of leishmaniasis in the Awash Valley (northeastern Ethiopia) between January 1994 and August 1997, a total of 3307 females of 11 Phlebotomus species (P. orientalis, P. fantalensis, P. saevus, P. sergenti, P. gemetchi, P. alexandri, P. bergeroti

2004 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1819. Natural infection of Phlebotomus (Larroussius) langeroni (Diptera: Psychodidae) with Leishmania infantum in Tunisia. (PubMed)

Natural infection of Phlebotomus (Larroussius) langeroni (Diptera: Psychodidae) with Leishmania infantum in Tunisia. Phlebotomine sand flies were captured from an active transmission focus of sporadic cutaneous leishmaniasis, caused by Leishmania infantum, in El Kef region, northern Tunisia. Both Phlebotomus perniciosus and P. langeroni were found. Phlebotomus langeroni females showed a statistically significant intradomiciliary dominance (P<0.01 for the 2003 and 2004 seasons) when compared

2007 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1820. PCR-RFLP method for the identification of four members of the Anopheles annularis group of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). (PubMed)

PCR-RFLP method for the identification of four members of the Anopheles annularis group of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). The Anopheles annularis group of mosquitoes is widely distributed in Southeast Asia and may be locally important as malaria vectors. Members of this group are morphologically very similar and often difficult to distinguish, particularly A. nivipes and A. philippinensis. We report the sequence analysis of the rDNA internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and Domain-3 (D3

2007 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

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