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Diptera

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1741. Mimicry profiles are affected by human-induced habitat changes. (PubMed)

Mimicry profiles are affected by human-induced habitat changes. Mimicry theory predicts that mimics in a Batesian mimicry complex evolve to resemble models closely, and that there is a limit on the numbers of mimics relative to models. For hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae), supposed mimics of social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae, neither of these is true; many mimics are imperfect and in the UK and Europe they outnumber their models manifold. We hypothesized that the high abundance of mimics

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1998 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1742. Polymorphic growth rates in myrmecophilous insects. (PubMed)

alcon (another cuckoo-feeding lycaenid) and the two myrmecophilous predators Maculinea arion and Microdon mutabilis (Diptera: Syrphidae). As predicted, M. alcon shows the same growth pattern as M. rebeli with a proportion of caterpillars developing in one year and the remainder over two years. This pattern holds in both northern and southern European populations, where M. alcon exploits different species of host. Against expectation, the same bimodal distribution of pre-pupation body weights

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2000 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1743. Optimization of adult performance determines host choice in a grass miner. (PubMed)

maximize their fitness by optimizing offspring performance. We show, we believe for the first time, that adult feeding site and related adult performance may explain most of the variation in adult feeding and oviposition site selection of an oligophagous grass miner, Chromatomyia nigra (Diptera). This study advances our understanding of the complex interactions between plants and herbivores because it shows that host-preference patterns are not only shaped by the optimization of offspring performance

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2000 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1744. Heat shock regulatory elements are present in telomeric repeats of Chironomus thummi (PubMed)

Heat shock regulatory elements are present in telomeric repeats of Chironomus thummi As in other Diptera, the telomeres of Chironomus thummi lack canonical short telomerase-specified repeats and instead contain complex sequences. They react to heat shock and other stress treatments by forming giant puffs at some chromosome termini, which are visible in polytene cells. All telomeres, except the telocentric end of chromosome four (4L), consist of large blocks of repeats, 176 bp in length. Three

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2001 Nucleic acids research

1745. The period gene and allochronic reproductive isolation in Bactrocera cucurbitae. (PubMed)

The period gene and allochronic reproductive isolation in Bactrocera cucurbitae. Clock genes that pleiotropically control circadian rhythm and the time of mating may cause allochronic reproductive isolation in the melon fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae). Flies with a shorter circadian period (ca. 22 h of locomotor activity rhythm) mated 5 h earlier in the day than those with a longer circadian period (ca. 30 h). Mate-choice tests demonstrated significant pre-mating

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2002 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1746. Ecdysteroids and oocyte development in the black fly Simulium vittatum (PubMed)

Ecdysteroids and oocyte development in the black fly Simulium vittatum Oocyte development was studied in the autogenous black fly, Simulium vittatum (Diptera, Nematocera), a vector of Onchocerca volvulus, the causative agent of onchocerciasis.Oocyte growth was nearly linear between adult eclosion and was complete by 72 hours at 21 degrees C. The oocyte became opaque at 14 hours after eclosion indicating the initiation of protein yolk deposition. The accumulation of vitellogenin was measured

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2002 BMC developmental biology

1747. Estimation of the effects of buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua) on the milk production of dairy cattle based on a meta-analysis of literature data. (PubMed)

Estimation of the effects of buffalo fly (Haematobia irritans exigua) on the milk production of dairy cattle based on a meta-analysis of literature data. Published reports on the effect of buffalo fly Haematobia irritans exigua De Meijere (Diptera: Muscidae) and the closely related horn fly (H. irritans) were examined and analysed using non-linear weighted regression techniques in an attempt to establish the relationship between daily production loss (D), average number of parasites (n

2000 Medical and veterinary entomology

1748. Leukaemia near La Hague nuclear plant. Deformed insects have been found near nuclear plants. (PubMed)

Leukaemia near La Hague nuclear plant. Deformed insects have been found near nuclear plants. 9183221 1997 07 02 2008 11 20 0959-8138 314 7093 1997 May 24 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Leukaemia near La Hague nuclear plant. Deformed insects have been found near nuclear plants. 1554-5 Hesse-Honegger C C eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1997 Jan 11;314(7074):101-6 9006467 Abnormalities, Radiation-Induced Animals Diptera Power Plants 1997 5 24 1997 5 24 0 1 1997 5 24 0

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1997 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1749. Maggots are useful in treating infected or necrotic wounds (PubMed)

Maggots are useful in treating infected or necrotic wounds 10082718 1999 04 16 2018 11 13 0959-8138 318 7186 1999 Mar 20 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Maggots are useful in treating infected or necrotic wounds. 807-8 Thomas S S Andrews A A Jones M M Church J J eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1998 Sep 5;317(7159):609-10 9727981 Animals Diptera Humans Infection therapy Larva Wound Healing Wounds and Injuries therapy 1999 3 20 1999 3 20 0 1 1999 3 20 0 0 ppublish

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1999 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1750. The brain, circadian rhythms, and clock genes (PubMed)

The brain, circadian rhythms, and clock genes 9857134 1999 01 28 2018 11 13 0959-8138 317 7174 1998 Dec 19-26 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ The brain, circadian rhythms, and clock genes. 1704-7 Hastings M M Department of Anatomy, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3DY. eng Journal Article Review England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM Animals Biological Clocks genetics Brain physiology Circadian Rhythm genetics Diptera Humans Mammals Time 10 1998 12 19 1998 12 19 0 1 1998 12 19 0 0 ppublish

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1998 BMJ : British Medical Journal

1751. Interactions of mating, egg production and death rates in females of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. (PubMed)

Interactions of mating, egg production and death rates in females of the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata. Costs of reproduction include costs of producing eggs and of mating itself. In the present study, we made an experimental investigation of costs of reproduction in the Mediterranean fruit fly (medfly, Ceratitis capitata). We demonstrated that virgins live longer than non-virgin females. However, in strong contrast to most findings within the Diptera, non-virginity had (...) is independent of mating frequency. Medfly females therefore suffer a decrease in survival as a result of egg production and of mating, and these costs are independent of one another. To put our results into context, we reviewed the existing literature on the effects of mating on longevity, egg production and sexual receptivity for 64 species of Diptera, and examined the pattern of mating effects that emerged.

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1998 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1752. Distribution of Ovary Ecdysteroidogenic Hormone I in the nervous system and gut of mosquitoes (PubMed)

in larvae and adults of two distantly related species indicate that OEH I, or a homolog, is conserved within this group of Diptera and likely has stage- and sex-specific functions.

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2001 Journal of Insect Science

1753. A novel acetylcholinesterase gene in mosquitoes codes for the insecticide target and is non-homologous to the ace gene in Drosophila. (PubMed)

A novel acetylcholinesterase gene in mosquitoes codes for the insecticide target and is non-homologous to the ace gene in Drosophila. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) is the target of two major insecticide families, organophosphates (OPs) and carbamates. AChE insensitivity is a frequent resistance mechanism in insects and responsible mutations in the ace gene were identified in two Diptera, Drosophila melanogaster and Musca domestica. However, for other insects, the ace gene cloned by homology (...) genes in different insect groups, even within the Diptera: ace-2 in at least the Drosophilidae and Muscidae and ace-1 in at least the Culicidae. Evolutionary scenarios leading to such a peculiar situation are discussed.

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2002 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1754. Reactions to mosquito and blackfly bites. (PubMed)

Reactions to mosquito and blackfly bites. 6122495 1982 07 19 2018 11 13 0008-4409 126 10 1982 May 15 Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Reactions to mosquito and blackfly bites. 1147 Dolovich J J Kwee Y N YN Greenbaum J J eng Letter Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 AIM IM Animals Culicidae Diptera Humans Hypersensitivity immunology Insect Bites and Stings immunology 1982 5 15 1982 5 15 0 1 1982 5 15 0 0 ppublish 6122495 PMC1863377 Clin Allergy. 1971 Dec;1(4):415-32

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1982 Canadian Medical Association Journal

1755. Ophthalmomyiasis interna posterior: report of case caused by the reindeer warble fly larva and review of previous reported cases. (PubMed)

Diptera Eye Diseases parasitology surgery Humans Larva Male Myiasis parasitology surgery Vitreous Body parasitology surgery 1982 9 1 1982 9 1 0 1 1982 9 1 0 0 ppublish 7104279 PMC1039863 S Afr Med J. 1970 Oct 10;44(40):1155-7 5529224 S Afr Med J. 1979 Jun 2;55(23):957-8 472938 Arch Ophthalmol. 1979 May;97(5):885-7 444122 Klin Oczna. 1954;24(1):51-6 13175392 Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 1969;67:110-5 5381295 Boll Ocul. 1958 Jan;37(1):17-31 13560668 Klin Monbl Augenheilkd. 1979 Jan;174(1):73-81 431026 Klin

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1982 The British journal of ophthalmology

1756. External ophthalmomyiasis caused by the sheep bot Oestrus ovis L. (PubMed)

External ophthalmomyiasis caused by the sheep bot Oestrus ovis L. 7171529 1983 02 14 2018 11 13 0007-1161 66 12 1982 Dec The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol External ophthalmomyiasis caused by the sheep bot Oestrus ovis L. 786-7 Wong D D eng Case Reports Journal Article England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Adolescent Diptera Eye Diseases etiology Female Humans Larva Myiasis 1982 12 1 1982 12 1 0 1 1982 12 1 0 0 ppublish 7171529 PMC1039929 Med J Aust. 1968 Aug 17;2(7

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1982 The British journal of ophthalmology

1757. Maggot therapy revisited. (PubMed)

Maggot therapy revisited. 4013272 1985 08 09 2018 11 13 0093-0415 142 4 1985 Apr The Western journal of medicine West. J. Med. Maggot therapy revisited. 554-6 Bunkis J J Gherini S S Walton R L RL eng Case Reports Journal Article United States West J Med 0410504 0093-0415 IM Aged Animals Carcinoma, Squamous Cell therapy Debridement Diptera Facial Neoplasms therapy Female Humans Larva Necrosis therapy Wounds and Injuries therapy 1985 4 1 1985 4 1 0 1 1985 4 1 0 0 ppublish 4013272 PMC1306099 Arch

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1985 Western Journal of Medicine

1758. Ocular myiasis: mobile conjunctival foreign body (PubMed)

Ocular myiasis: mobile conjunctival foreign body 3995450 1985 07 22 2018 11 13 0008-4409 132 11 1985 Jun 01 Canadian Medical Association journal Can Med Assoc J Ocular myiasis: mobile conjunctival foreign body. 1291-2 Corrin R R Scholten T T Earle J J eng Case Reports Journal Article Canada Can Med Assoc J 0414110 0008-4409 AIM IM Adolescent Adult Animals Conjunctiva Diptera Eye Foreign Bodies etiology Humans Larva Myiasis etiology Travel 1985 6 1 1985 6 1 0 1 1985 6 1 0 0 ppublish 3995450

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1985 Canadian Medical Association Journal

1759. Ophthalmomyiasis externa in California. (PubMed)

Ophthalmomyiasis externa in California. 3953074 1986 03 28 2018 11 13 0093-0415 144 1 1986 Jan The Western journal of medicine West. J. Med. Ophthalmomyiasis externa in California. 80-1 Heyde R R RR Seiff S R SR Mucia J J eng Case Reports Journal Article United States West J Med 0410504 0093-0415 IM Acute Disease Adult Animals California Conjunctivitis parasitology therapy Diptera Goats parasitology Horses parasitology Humans Male Myiasis parasitology therapy Sheep parasitology 1986 1 1 1986 1

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1986 Western Journal of Medicine

1760. New Polymorphic Microsatellites in Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae) and Their Cross-Amplification in Other Tsetse Fly Taxa (PubMed)

New Polymorphic Microsatellites in Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae) and Their Cross-Amplification in Other Tsetse Fly Taxa We report the development and characterization of three new microsatellite markers in the tsetse fly, Glossina pallidipes (Diptera: Glossinidae). Fifty-eight alleles were scored in 192 individuals representing six natural populations. Allelic diversity ranged from 9 to 28 alleles per locus (mean 19.3 +/- 5.5). Averaged across loci, observed heterozygosity

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2006 Biochemical genetics

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