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Diptera

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1721. Heterogeneity in the trypanosomosis incidence in Zebu cattle of different ages and sex on the plateau of eastern Zambia. (PubMed)

Heterogeneity in the trypanosomosis incidence in Zebu cattle of different ages and sex on the plateau of eastern Zambia. On the plateau of eastern Zambia, trypanosomosis is endemic. Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae), the only tsetse species present, is almost entirely dependent on livestock as its source of food with cattle being the most preferred host. To determine if tsetse challenge is distributed equally over the various age categories and sexes within a cattle

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2007 Acta Tropica

1722. A genome-wide inventory of neurohormone GPCRs in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. (PubMed)

. In addition, T. castaneum is a model for insect development. Here, we have investigated the presence of neurohormone GPCRs in Tribolium and compared them with those from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera) and the honey bee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera). We found 20 biogenic amine GPCRs in Tribolium (21 in Drosophila; 19 in the honey bee), 48 neuropeptide GPCRs (45 in Drosophila; 35 in the honey bee), and 4 protein hormone GPCRs (4 in Drosophila; 2 in the honey bee). Furthermore, we identified

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2007 Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology

1723. Short report: distribution and feeding preference of the sand flies Phlebotomus sergenti and P. papatasi in a cutaneous leishmaniasis focus in Sanliurfa, Turkey. (PubMed)

Short report: distribution and feeding preference of the sand flies Phlebotomus sergenti and P. papatasi in a cutaneous leishmaniasis focus in Sanliurfa, Turkey. Sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) and rodents were collected in the endemic focus of urban cutaneous leishmaniasis in Sanliurfa, Turkey. Phlebotomus sergenti and P. papatasi represented 99% of the sand fly population. These flies were trapped in highest numbers in animal sheds, followed by cellars. However, P. sergenti was relatively

2003 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1724. A double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of garlic as a mosquito repellant: a preliminary study. (PubMed)

A double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of garlic as a mosquito repellant: a preliminary study. The hypothesis that the ingestion of garlic provides protection against bloodsucking pests such as mosquitoes was investigated using a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study. Subjects were asked to consume either garlic (one visit) or a placebo (the other visit). They were then exposed to laboratory-reared Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Culicidae). The numbers

2005 Medical and veterinary entomology Controlled trial quality: predicted high

1725. Efficacy of moxidectin injectable and pour-on formulations in a pilot control program against bovine hypodermosis in Southern Italy. (PubMed)

Efficacy of moxidectin injectable and pour-on formulations in a pilot control program against bovine hypodermosis in Southern Italy. Bovine hypodermosis is a myiasis caused by Hypoderma bovis and Hypoderma lineatum (Diptera, Oestridae) larvae, which has a severe economic impact on the livestock industry. Though myiasis is widespread throughout Italy, no nationwide eradication program has ever been planned, unlike in other European Countries. With a view to setting up a national control program

2005 Preventive veterinary medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1726. Gastromermis kolleonis n. sp. (Nematoda: Mermithidae), a Parasite of Midges (Chironomus sp. Chironomidae) from Argentina (PubMed)

Gastromermis kolleonis n. sp. (Nematoda: Mermithidae), a Parasite of Midges (Chironomus sp. Chironomidae) from Argentina Gastromermis kolleonis n. sp. (Nematoda: Mermithidae) is described from the Arroyo Saldan River in Córdoba, Argentina. This species parasitizes midges of the genus Chironomus (Chironomidae: Diptera). It is distinguished from other members of the genus by the presence of six longitudinal chords, vulval flaps, degree of ventral displacement of the mouth, and size and shape

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1984 Journal of nematology

1727. Limiting an Insect Infestation of Nitrogen-Fixing Root Nodules of the Pigeon Pea (Cajanus cajan) by Engineering the Expression of an Entomocidal Gene in Its Root Nodules (PubMed)

that nodulates pigeon peas. In this species the construction was maintained stably in the absence of selection and expressed the gene that was installed. Experiments in a greenhouse with the strain which we constructed indicated that this organism provides protection against root nodule damage by the larvae of the insect Rivellia angulata (Diptera).

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1990 Applied and environmental microbiology

1728. Sequence of the Calliphora erythrocephala 3B55 satellite: a sequence which is proportionately replicated and transcribed in germ-line polyploid nuclei. (PubMed)

77251. Beckingham K K eng GENBANK X16592 Journal Article England Nucleic Acids Res 0411011 0305-1048 0 DNA, Satellite IM Animals Base Sequence DNA, Satellite genetics Diptera genetics Molecular Sequence Data Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid Restriction Mapping Salivary Glands analysis 1989 11 25 1989 11 25 0 1 1989 11 25 0 0 ppublish 2587276 PMC335163 Dev Biol. 1986 Jun;115(2):398-406 3011566 Science. 1989 Feb 24;243(4894 Pt 1):1056-9 2922595 Cell. 1988 Sep 23;54(7):967-78 2843296

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1989 Nucleic acids research

1729. An aural myiasis case in a 54-year-old male farmer in Korea (PubMed)

An aural myiasis case in a 54-year-old male farmer in Korea A 54-year-old male farmer residing in Chunchon, Korea, complaining of blood tinged discharge and tinnitus in the left ear for two days, was examined in August 16, 1996. Otoscopic examination revealed live maggots from the ear canal. The patient did not complain of any symptoms after removal of maggots. Five maggots recovered were identified as the third stage larvae of Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae). This is the first record

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1999 The Korean journal of parasitology

1730. DNA content analysis of insect cell lines by flow cytometry (PubMed)

DNA content analysis of insect cell lines by flow cytometry The DNA content of insect cell lines (6 lepidoptera, 1 coleoptera and 1 diptera) was determined by flow cytometry. The DNA profiles of the 8 cell lines tested were different. They were characterized by the presence of several peaks (2 to 7) corresponding to different ploidy levels, by differences in the fluorescence intensity of each peak and by the proportion of cells in each peak. Two cell lines (Cf124 and BmN) were constituted of 2

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1999 Cytotechnology

1731. Causes of Sex Ratio Bias May Account for Unisexual Sterility in Hybrids: A New Explanation of Haldane's Rule and Related Phenomena (PubMed)

chromosomes. We propose that this incompatibility is due to a mutual imbalance between meiotic drive genes, which are more likely to evolve on sex chromosomes than autosomes. The incidences of taxa with sex chromosome drive closely matches those where Haldane's rule applies: Aves, Mammalia, Lepidoptera and Diptera. We predict that Haldane's rule is not universal but is correct for taxa with sex chromosome meiotic drive. A second class of hybrid disruption affects the male of the species regardless

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1991 Genetics

1732. Characterization of the elongation factor 1-alpha gene of Rhynchosciara americana. (PubMed)

. Gov't England Nucleic Acids Res 0411011 0305-1048 0 Peptide Elongation Factor 1 0 Peptide Elongation Factors 0 Ribonucleoproteins IM Amino Acid Sequence Animals Diptera genetics Molecular Sequence Data Peptide Elongation Factor 1 Peptide Elongation Factors chemistry genetics Ribonucleoproteins chemistry genetics 1992 7 25 1992 7 25 0 1 1992 7 25 0 0 ppublish 1641343 PMC334032 Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985 Sep;82(17):5795-9 16593598 Biochim Biophys Acta. 1978 Sep 21;505(1):95-127 361078 Nucleic

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1992 Nucleic acids research

1733. Selective maintenance of allozyme differences among sympatric host races of the apple maggot fly (PubMed)

-dependent selection acting on apple (Malus pumila)- and hawthorn (Crataegus spp.)-infesting races of Rhagoletis pomonella (Diptera: Tephritidae). In particular, we examine whether the earlier fruiting phenology of apple trees favors pupae in deeper states of diapause (or with slower metabolisms/development rates) in the apple fly race. By experimentally lengthening the time period preceding winter, we exposed hawthorn race pupae to environmental conditions typically faced by apple flies. This exposure

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1997 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

1734. Return of the bot fly. (PubMed)

parasitology Belize Diptera Humans Larva Lidocaine therapeutic use Male Military Personnel Myiasis therapy 1997 12 31 1997 12 31 0 1 1997 12 31 0 0 ppublish 9413786 PMC1342992 J Accid Emerg Med. 1997 May;14(3):177-8 9193987 J Accid Emerg Med. 1997 May;14(3):178-9 9193988 J Accid Emerg Med. 1997 May;14(3):179-80 9193989

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1997 Journal of accident & emergency medicine

1735. Dermatobia--tropical myiasis. (PubMed)

Dermatobia--tropical myiasis. 9413787 1998 01 22 2018 11 13 1351-0622 14 6 1997 Nov Journal of accident & emergency medicine J Accid Emerg Med Dermatobia--tropical myiasis. 411 Fraser-Moodie A A eng Case Reports Comment Letter England J Accid Emerg Med 9433751 1351-0622 IM J Accid Emerg Med. 1997 May;14(3):177-8 9193987 J Accid Emerg Med. 1997 May;14(3):178-9 9193988 J Accid Emerg Med. 1997 May;14(3):179-80 9193989 Aged Animals Costa Rica Diptera Humans Larva Male Myiasis Peru Travel Wrist

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1997 Journal of accident & emergency medicine

1736. Analysis of the Functional Significance of Linkage Group Conservation in Drosophila (PubMed)

Analysis of the Functional Significance of Linkage Group Conservation in Drosophila Linkage groups, as defined by chromosome arms in Drosophila melanogaster, appear to have remained largely intact within the genus Drosophila and, possibly, within the higher Diptera per se. We hypothesized that linkage group conservation might have a functional basis (possibly related to interphase chromosome arrangement). To test this hypothesis, a series of autosomal 2-3 translocations were synthesized

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1987 Genetics

1737. Resurrecting Muller's Theory of Haldane's Rule (PubMed)

Resurrecting Muller's Theory of Haldane's Rule 8722808 1996 10 11 2010 11 18 0016-6731 143 1 1996 May Genetics Genetics Resurrecting Muller's theory of Haldane's rule. 603-7 Zeng L W LW eng Comment Letter United States Genetics 0374636 0016-6731 IM Genetics. 1996 May;143(1):613-6 8722810 Genetics. 1995 May;140(1):389-402 7635302 Animals Biological Evolution Birds genetics Crosses, Genetic Diptera genetics Drosophila genetics Female Genes, Insect Genes, Recessive Infertility Lepidoptera genetics

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1996 Genetics

1738. Mimicry profiles are affected by human-induced habitat changes. (PubMed)

Mimicry profiles are affected by human-induced habitat changes. Mimicry theory predicts that mimics in a Batesian mimicry complex evolve to resemble models closely, and that there is a limit on the numbers of mimics relative to models. For hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae), supposed mimics of social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae, neither of these is true; many mimics are imperfect and in the UK and Europe they outnumber their models manifold. We hypothesized that the high abundance of mimics

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1998 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1739. Polymorphic growth rates in myrmecophilous insects. (PubMed)

alcon (another cuckoo-feeding lycaenid) and the two myrmecophilous predators Maculinea arion and Microdon mutabilis (Diptera: Syrphidae). As predicted, M. alcon shows the same growth pattern as M. rebeli with a proportion of caterpillars developing in one year and the remainder over two years. This pattern holds in both northern and southern European populations, where M. alcon exploits different species of host. Against expectation, the same bimodal distribution of pre-pupation body weights

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2000 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1740. Optimization of adult performance determines host choice in a grass miner. (PubMed)

maximize their fitness by optimizing offspring performance. We show, we believe for the first time, that adult feeding site and related adult performance may explain most of the variation in adult feeding and oviposition site selection of an oligophagous grass miner, Chromatomyia nigra (Diptera). This study advances our understanding of the complex interactions between plants and herbivores because it shows that host-preference patterns are not only shaped by the optimization of offspring performance

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2000 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

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