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Diptera

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1701. Screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax, Reared for Mass Release Do Not Carry and Spread Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus and Classical Swine Fever Virus (Full text)

Screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax, Reared for Mass Release Do Not Carry and Spread Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus and Classical Swine Fever Virus Experiments were done to determine if transporting live screwworms Cochliomyia hominivorax Coquerel (Diptera: Calliphoridae) for developing new strains from countries where foot-and-mouth disease and classical swine fever are endemic, to the mass rearing facilities in Mexico and Panama, may introduce these exotic diseases into these countries

2008 Journal of Insect Science PubMed abstract

1702. Alkalinization in the Isolated and Perfused Anterior Midgut of the Larval Mosquito, Aedes aegypti (Full text)

Alkalinization in the Isolated and Perfused Anterior Midgut of the Larval Mosquito, Aedes aegypti In the present study, isolated midguts of larval Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) were mounted on perfusion pipettes and bathed in high buffer mosquito saline. With low buffer perfusion saline, containing m-cresol purple, transepithelial voltage was monitored and luminal alkalinization became visible through color changes of m-cresol purple after perfusion stop. Lumen negative voltage

2008 Journal of Insect Science PubMed abstract

1703. Impact of pre-seasonal focal treatment on population densities of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in Trinidad, West Indies: A preliminary study. (Abstract)

Impact of pre-seasonal focal treatment on population densities of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in Trinidad, West Indies: A preliminary study. A new pre-seasonal focal treatment strategy against Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes is described for the first time. It was evaluated for 25 weeks using ovitraps, and larval and pupal surveys in the townships of Curepe (treated) and St. Joseph (untreated), Trinidad, West Indies. Both townships were similar with respect to number of houses

2008 Acta Tropica

1704. A double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of garlic as a mosquito repellant: a preliminary study. (Abstract)

A double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial of garlic as a mosquito repellant: a preliminary study. The hypothesis that the ingestion of garlic provides protection against bloodsucking pests such as mosquitoes was investigated using a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled crossover study. Subjects were asked to consume either garlic (one visit) or a placebo (the other visit). They were then exposed to laboratory-reared Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) (Diptera: Culicidae). The numbers

2005 Medical and veterinary entomology Controlled trial quality: predicted high

1705. Efficacy of moxidectin injectable and pour-on formulations in a pilot control program against bovine hypodermosis in Southern Italy. (Abstract)

Efficacy of moxidectin injectable and pour-on formulations in a pilot control program against bovine hypodermosis in Southern Italy. Bovine hypodermosis is a myiasis caused by Hypoderma bovis and Hypoderma lineatum (Diptera, Oestridae) larvae, which has a severe economic impact on the livestock industry. Though myiasis is widespread throughout Italy, no nationwide eradication program has ever been planned, unlike in other European Countries. With a view to setting up a national control program

2005 Preventive veterinary medicine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

1706. Cutaneous myiasis. (Abstract)

Cutaneous myiasis. Myiasis is the infestation of living tissue by the larvae of flies in the order Diptera. Cutaneous involvement is the most common type of myiasis. Cutaneous myiasis can be subdivided into furuncular, migratory, and wound myiasis. Each subtype is reviewed with discussion of the larvae involved, presenting signs and symptoms, clinical differential diagnoses, and treatment. Preventive measures are also described.At the conclusion of this learning activity, participants should

2008 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

1707. Investigations on the transmissibility of Trypanosoma congolense by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans during its development in a mammalian host. (Full text)

Investigations on the transmissibility of Trypanosoma congolense by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans during its development in a mammalian host. Experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of the developmental stage of a monomorphic T. congolense IL1180 strain, in a vertebrate host, on its transmissibility by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae). Batches of 160 male teneral tsetse flies were given a single bloodmeal on mice infected

2008 Acta Tropica PubMed abstract

1708. Coxiella burnetii in Wild-caught Filth Flies. (Full text)

& purification Diptera classification microbiology Humans Insect Vectors microbiology Muscidae microbiology Q Fever microbiology transmission Sanitation 2008 5 30 9 0 2008 7 30 9 0 2008 5 30 9 0 ppublish 18507933 PMC2600314 10.3201/eid1406.071691 J Virol Methods. 2007 Mar;140(1-2):140-7 17187871 Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Aug;13(8):1247-9 17953104 Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 May-Jun;7(3):413-9 11384518 Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Jul;75(1):41-8 16837707 Res Vet Sci. 2004 Oct;77(2):93-100 15196898 Indian J Med Res. 1983

2008 Emerging Infectious Diseases PubMed abstract

1709. Morphological method for sexing anopheline larvae. (Abstract)

of the released insect has been considered greatly. Here we report on a morphological sexing method for the preferential diagnosis and separation of males in late III and IV instar larvae for the mosquitoes Anopheles stephensi Liston and An. culicifacies s.l. (Diptera: Culicidae), the principal vectors of human malaria in Asia and Indian subcontinent.Male mosquitoes are identified by their tube like organ at the 9th abdomen segment which originates from segment parallel to the spiracles. Length and width

2007 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

1710. The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. (Abstract)

The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. In Botswana, 16,000 km(2) of the Okavango Delta were aerial sprayed five times with deltamethrin, applied at 0.26-0.3g/ha, to control Glossina morsitans centralis Machado (Diptera: Glossinidae) over a period of approximately 8 weeks. The northern half of the Delta (7180 km(2)) was sprayed in June-September 2001 and the southern half (8720 km(2)) in May-August 2002. A barrier (mean width approximately 10 km

2006 Acta Tropica

1711. Cyclical transmission of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in Glossina palpalis gambiensis displays great differences among field isolates. (Abstract)

Cyclical transmission of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in Glossina palpalis gambiensis displays great differences among field isolates. Six sets of teneral Glossina palpalis gambiensis (Diptera: Glossinidae) were fed on mice infected with six different isolates of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (each mouse was infected with one of the isolates), previously isolated from patients in the sleeping sickness focus of Bonon, Côte d'Ivoire and in Makoua, Congo. All the tsetse flies were dissected 42 days

2006 Acta Tropica

1712. Myiasis in Kuwait: nosocomial infections caused by lucilia sericata and Megaselia scalaris. (Abstract)

Myiasis in Kuwait: nosocomial infections caused by lucilia sericata and Megaselia scalaris. Myiasis, the invasion of live human tissue by larvae of Diptera, is reported in the nasopharynx and a leg wound in two patients who were hospitalized for more than 72 hours in Mubarak Al-Kabeer Teaching Hospital in Kuwait City, Kuwait. On the fourth and fifth days after a 10-year-old Kuwaiti boy was admitted to the hospital intensive care unit in a bloodied and comatose state following a traffic accident (...) , 'worms' that came out of his nostrils were fixed, cleared, and identified as second and third instar of Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae). After 14 days, 'worms' were seen in the original dressing of a 35-year-old Iranian man admitted to the Orthopedic Unit of the hospital with multiple lacerations and fractures. The larvae, in various stages of development, were identified as those of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae). Since the presence of larvae in both patients was recorded after

2004 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1713. Population dynamics of an endogenous meiotic drive system in Aedes aegypti in Trinidad. (Abstract)

Population dynamics of an endogenous meiotic drive system in Aedes aegypti in Trinidad. An endogenous meiotic drive system was previously reported to be segregating in the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) population in Trinidad. The meiotic driver (M(D)) is tightly linked to the male determining locus and selectively targets sensitive responders linked to the female determining allele, causing fragmentation of female gametes. This results in highly male-biased progeny

2006 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1714. Water quality and immatures of the M and S forms of Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis in a Malian village. (Full text)

Water quality and immatures of the M and S forms of Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis in a Malian village. The associations between the immatures of Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae), its M and S forms, and Anopheles arabiensis among and within larval breeding habitats in Banambani, Mali were investigated under varying conditions of water quality and rainfall. The intent was to elucidate on niche partitioning of these taxa.Immatures of An. arabiensis, An. gambiae s.s., and its

2006 Malaria journal PubMed abstract

1715. Radiation-induced sterility for pupal and adult stages of the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis. (Full text)

Radiation-induced sterility for pupal and adult stages of the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis. In the context of the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), radiation-induced sterility in the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis Patton (Diptera: Culicidae) was studied. Male mosquitoes were exposed to gamma rays in the pupal or adult stage and dose-sterility curves were determined.Pupae were irradiated shortly before emergence (at 22-26 hrs of age), and adults <24 hrs post emergence. Doses tested

2006 Malaria journal PubMed abstract

1716. Malaria transmission dynamics in Niono, Mali: the effect of the irrigation systems. (Abstract)

Malaria transmission dynamics in Niono, Mali: the effect of the irrigation systems. The type of water management and drainage system could be a potential reason for variation in malaria transmission in rice cultivation areas. To investigate this we have compared the population dynamics of Anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) in rice plots with controlled and uncontrolled water depth, i.e. casiers and hors-casiers, respectively in the Office du Niger, Mali. We also compared malaria

2007 Acta Tropica

1717. Heterogeneity in the trypanosomosis incidence in Zebu cattle of different ages and sex on the plateau of eastern Zambia. (Full text)

Heterogeneity in the trypanosomosis incidence in Zebu cattle of different ages and sex on the plateau of eastern Zambia. On the plateau of eastern Zambia, trypanosomosis is endemic. Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae), the only tsetse species present, is almost entirely dependent on livestock as its source of food with cattle being the most preferred host. To determine if tsetse challenge is distributed equally over the various age categories and sexes within a cattle

2007 Acta Tropica PubMed abstract

1718. A genome-wide inventory of neurohormone GPCRs in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. (Full text)

. In addition, T. castaneum is a model for insect development. Here, we have investigated the presence of neurohormone GPCRs in Tribolium and compared them with those from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera) and the honey bee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera). We found 20 biogenic amine GPCRs in Tribolium (21 in Drosophila; 19 in the honey bee), 48 neuropeptide GPCRs (45 in Drosophila; 35 in the honey bee), and 4 protein hormone GPCRs (4 in Drosophila; 2 in the honey bee). Furthermore, we identified

2007 Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology PubMed abstract

1719. Monitoring the susceptibility of Glossina palpalis gambiensis and G. morsitans morsitans to experimental infection with savannah-type Trypanosoma congolense, using the polymerase chain reaction. (Abstract)

Monitoring the susceptibility of Glossina palpalis gambiensis and G. morsitans morsitans to experimental infection with savannah-type Trypanosoma congolense, using the polymerase chain reaction. Teneral Glossina palpalis gambiensis and G. morsitans morsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae) were fed on mice infected with savannah-type Trypanosoma (Nannomonas) congolense. The infection was monitored by checking the post-feeding diuresis fluid (midgut infection) and saliva (mature infection) of individual

2004 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1720. Abandoning small-scale fish farming in western Kenya leads to higher malaria vector abundance. (Abstract)

populations of fishponds in Kisii Central District in western Kenya. Two hundred and sixty one fishponds were found, 186 active (fish present) and 75 abandoned (fish absent). Vegetation was not significantly associated with the distribution of Anopheles gambiae s.l., Anopheles funestus or culicines (Diptera: Culicidae) in active or abandoned ponds. The presence of fish, however, correlated significantly with the distribution of all mosquito species, with significantly higher mosquito densities

2007 Acta Tropica

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