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Diptera

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1681. Screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax, Reared for Mass Release Do Not Carry and Spread Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus and Classical Swine Fever Virus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Screwworms, Cochliomyia hominivorax, Reared for Mass Release Do Not Carry and Spread Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus and Classical Swine Fever Virus Experiments were done to determine if transporting live screwworms Cochliomyia hominivorax Coquerel (Diptera: Calliphoridae) for developing new strains from countries where foot-and-mouth disease and classical swine fever are endemic, to the mass rearing facilities in Mexico and Panama, may introduce these exotic diseases into these countries

2008 Journal of Insect Science

1682. Influence of age and previous diet of Anopheles gambiae on the infectivity of natural Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes from human volunteers Full Text available with Trip Pro

Influence of age and previous diet of Anopheles gambiae on the infectivity of natural Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes from human volunteers The effect of age and dietary factors of Anopheles gambiae (Diptera: Culicidae) on the infectivity of natural Plasmodium falciparum parasites was studied. Mosquitoes of various ages (1-3, 4-7 and 8-11 day old) and those fed blood (either single or double meals) and sugar meals were experimentally co-infected with P. falciparum gametocytes obtained from

2004 Journal of Insect Science

1683. Impact of pre-seasonal focal treatment on population densities of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in Trinidad, West Indies: A preliminary study. (Abstract)

Impact of pre-seasonal focal treatment on population densities of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in Trinidad, West Indies: A preliminary study. A new pre-seasonal focal treatment strategy against Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes is described for the first time. It was evaluated for 25 weeks using ovitraps, and larval and pupal surveys in the townships of Curepe (treated) and St. Joseph (untreated), Trinidad, West Indies. Both townships were similar with respect to number of houses

2008 Acta Tropica

1684. Vulnerability of the mosquito larvae to the guppies (Poecilia reticulata) in the presence of alternative preys. (Abstract)

Vulnerability of the mosquito larvae to the guppies (Poecilia reticulata) in the presence of alternative preys. The predatory potential of the larvivorous fishes can be affected by the presence of alternative preys. In the present study the predation pattern of the sewage dwelling Poecilia reticulata (Peters 1872) on the larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say 1823 (Diptera: Culicidae) was evaluated in the presence of alternative preys.The predation of Cx. quinquefasciatus larvae by different size

2008 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

1685. Investigations on the transmissibility of Trypanosoma congolense by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans during its development in a mammalian host. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Investigations on the transmissibility of Trypanosoma congolense by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans during its development in a mammalian host. Experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of the developmental stage of a monomorphic T. congolense IL1180 strain, in a vertebrate host, on its transmissibility by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae). Batches of 160 male teneral tsetse flies were given a single bloodmeal on mice infected

2008 Acta Tropica

1686. Cutaneous myiasis. (Abstract)

Cutaneous myiasis. Myiasis is the infestation of living tissue by the larvae of flies in the order Diptera. Cutaneous involvement is the most common type of myiasis. Cutaneous myiasis can be subdivided into furuncular, migratory, and wound myiasis. Each subtype is reviewed with discussion of the larvae involved, presenting signs and symptoms, clinical differential diagnoses, and treatment. Preventive measures are also described.At the conclusion of this learning activity, participants should

2008 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

1687. Coxiella burnetii in Wild-caught Filth Flies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

& purification Diptera classification microbiology Humans Insect Vectors microbiology Muscidae microbiology Q Fever microbiology transmission Sanitation 2008 5 30 9 0 2008 7 30 9 0 2008 5 30 9 0 ppublish 18507933 PMC2600314 10.3201/eid1406.071691 J Virol Methods. 2007 Mar;140(1-2):140-7 17187871 Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Aug;13(8):1247-9 17953104 Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 May-Jun;7(3):413-9 11384518 Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Jul;75(1):41-8 16837707 Res Vet Sci. 2004 Oct;77(2):93-100 15196898 Indian J Med Res. 1983

2008 Emerging Infectious Diseases

1688. Abandoning small-scale fish farming in western Kenya leads to higher malaria vector abundance. (Abstract)

populations of fishponds in Kisii Central District in western Kenya. Two hundred and sixty one fishponds were found, 186 active (fish present) and 75 abandoned (fish absent). Vegetation was not significantly associated with the distribution of Anopheles gambiae s.l., Anopheles funestus or culicines (Diptera: Culicidae) in active or abandoned ponds. The presence of fish, however, correlated significantly with the distribution of all mosquito species, with significantly higher mosquito densities

2007 Acta Tropica

1689. Morphological method for sexing anopheline larvae. (Abstract)

of the released insect has been considered greatly. Here we report on a morphological sexing method for the preferential diagnosis and separation of males in late III and IV instar larvae for the mosquitoes Anopheles stephensi Liston and An. culicifacies s.l. (Diptera: Culicidae), the principal vectors of human malaria in Asia and Indian subcontinent.Male mosquitoes are identified by their tube like organ at the 9th abdomen segment which originates from segment parallel to the spiracles. Length and width

2007 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

1690. A genome-wide inventory of neurohormone GPCRs in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. (Abstract)

. In addition, T. castaneum is a model for insect development. Here, we have investigated the presence of neurohormone GPCRs in Tribolium and compared them with those from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera) and the honey bee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera). We found 20 biogenic amine GPCRs in Tribolium (21 in Drosophila; 19 in the honey bee), 48 neuropeptide GPCRs (45 in Drosophila; 35 in the honey bee), and 4 protein hormone GPCRs (4 in Drosophila; 2 in the honey bee). Furthermore, we identified

2007 Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology

1691. Water quality and immatures of the M and S forms of Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis in a Malian village. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Water quality and immatures of the M and S forms of Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis in a Malian village. The associations between the immatures of Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae), its M and S forms, and Anopheles arabiensis among and within larval breeding habitats in Banambani, Mali were investigated under varying conditions of water quality and rainfall. The intent was to elucidate on niche partitioning of these taxa.Immatures of An. arabiensis, An. gambiae s.s., and its

2006 Malaria journal

1692. Radiation-induced sterility for pupal and adult stages of the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Radiation-induced sterility for pupal and adult stages of the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis. In the context of the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), radiation-induced sterility in the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis Patton (Diptera: Culicidae) was studied. Male mosquitoes were exposed to gamma rays in the pupal or adult stage and dose-sterility curves were determined.Pupae were irradiated shortly before emergence (at 22-26 hrs of age), and adults <24 hrs post emergence. Doses tested

2006 Malaria journal

1693. Myiasis in Kuwait: nosocomial infections caused by lucilia sericata and Megaselia scalaris. (Abstract)

Myiasis in Kuwait: nosocomial infections caused by lucilia sericata and Megaselia scalaris. Myiasis, the invasion of live human tissue by larvae of Diptera, is reported in the nasopharynx and a leg wound in two patients who were hospitalized for more than 72 hours in Mubarak Al-Kabeer Teaching Hospital in Kuwait City, Kuwait. On the fourth and fifth days after a 10-year-old Kuwaiti boy was admitted to the hospital intensive care unit in a bloodied and comatose state following a traffic accident (...) , 'worms' that came out of his nostrils were fixed, cleared, and identified as second and third instar of Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae). After 14 days, 'worms' were seen in the original dressing of a 35-year-old Iranian man admitted to the Orthopedic Unit of the hospital with multiple lacerations and fractures. The larvae, in various stages of development, were identified as those of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae). Since the presence of larvae in both patients was recorded after

2004 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1694. Population dynamics of an endogenous meiotic drive system in Aedes aegypti in Trinidad. (Abstract)

Population dynamics of an endogenous meiotic drive system in Aedes aegypti in Trinidad. An endogenous meiotic drive system was previously reported to be segregating in the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) population in Trinidad. The meiotic driver (M(D)) is tightly linked to the male determining locus and selectively targets sensitive responders linked to the female determining allele, causing fragmentation of female gametes. This results in highly male-biased progeny

2006 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1695. Cyclical transmission of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in Glossina palpalis gambiensis displays great differences among field isolates. (Abstract)

Cyclical transmission of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in Glossina palpalis gambiensis displays great differences among field isolates. Six sets of teneral Glossina palpalis gambiensis (Diptera: Glossinidae) were fed on mice infected with six different isolates of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (each mouse was infected with one of the isolates), previously isolated from patients in the sleeping sickness focus of Bonon, Côte d'Ivoire and in Makoua, Congo. All the tsetse flies were dissected 42 days

2006 Acta Tropica

1696. The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. (Abstract)

The use of aerial spraying to eliminate tsetse from the Okavango Delta of Botswana. In Botswana, 16,000 km(2) of the Okavango Delta were aerial sprayed five times with deltamethrin, applied at 0.26-0.3g/ha, to control Glossina morsitans centralis Machado (Diptera: Glossinidae) over a period of approximately 8 weeks. The northern half of the Delta (7180 km(2)) was sprayed in June-September 2001 and the southern half (8720 km(2)) in May-August 2002. A barrier (mean width approximately 10 km

2006 Acta Tropica

1697. Monitoring the susceptibility of Glossina palpalis gambiensis and G. morsitans morsitans to experimental infection with savannah-type Trypanosoma congolense, using the polymerase chain reaction. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Monitoring the susceptibility of Glossina palpalis gambiensis and G. morsitans morsitans to experimental infection with savannah-type Trypanosoma congolense, using the polymerase chain reaction. Teneral Glossina palpalis gambiensis and G. morsitans morsitans (Diptera: Glossinidae) were fed on mice infected with savannah-type Trypanosoma (Nannomonas) congolense. The infection was monitored by checking the post-feeding diuresis fluid (midgut infection) and saliva (mature infection) of individual

2004 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1698. Heterogeneity in the trypanosomosis incidence in Zebu cattle of different ages and sex on the plateau of eastern Zambia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Heterogeneity in the trypanosomosis incidence in Zebu cattle of different ages and sex on the plateau of eastern Zambia. On the plateau of eastern Zambia, trypanosomosis is endemic. Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae), the only tsetse species present, is almost entirely dependent on livestock as its source of food with cattle being the most preferred host. To determine if tsetse challenge is distributed equally over the various age categories and sexes within a cattle

2007 Acta Tropica

1699. Malaria transmission dynamics in Niono, Mali: the effect of the irrigation systems. (Abstract)

Malaria transmission dynamics in Niono, Mali: the effect of the irrigation systems. The type of water management and drainage system could be a potential reason for variation in malaria transmission in rice cultivation areas. To investigate this we have compared the population dynamics of Anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera, Culicidae) in rice plots with controlled and uncontrolled water depth, i.e. casiers and hors-casiers, respectively in the Office du Niger, Mali. We also compared malaria

2007 Acta Tropica

1700. A patient with severe black fly (Simuliidae) hypersensitivity referred for evaluation of suspected immunodeficiency. (Abstract)

A patient with severe black fly (Simuliidae) hypersensitivity referred for evaluation of suspected immunodeficiency. Biting flies of the Diptera order and specifically the black fly (Simuliidae family) can be rare causes of severe hypersensitivity reactions.To describe a patient referred for evaluation of immunodeficiency whose clinical course is explained by severe Simuliidae hypersensitivity.The patient's immune system was investigated using standard laboratory evaluations. Hypersensitivity

2004 Asthma & Immunology

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