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Diptera

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1681. Developmental expression and phylogenetic conservation of alternatively spliced forms of the C-terminal Binding Protein corepressor. (Full text)

that the expression of multiple, developmentally regulated isoforms is widely conserved. In a variety of Drosophila species, the relative abundance of CtBP(L) to CtBP(S) drops sharply after embryogenesis, revealing a conserved developmental shift. Despite the overall lower levels of this isoform, bioinformatic analysis reveals that exons encoding the C-terminal extension in CtBP(L) are conserved from Diptera to Coleoptera, suggesting that the CtBP(L) isoform contributes an important, evolutionarily conserved

2006 Development genes and evolution PubMed abstract

1682. Response of biotic communities to salinity changes in a Mediterranean hypersaline stream (Full text)

irrigation channel suffers cracks.Along the salinity gradient studied (3.5-76.4 g L(-1)) Cladophora glomerata and Ruppia maritima biomass decreased with increasing salinity, while the biomass of epipelic algae increased. Diptera and Coleoptera species dominated the community both in disturbed as in re-established conditions. Most macroinvertebrates species found in Rambla Salada stream are euryhaline species with a broad range of salinity tolerance. Eight of them were recorded in natural hypersaline (...) with low salininty tolerance, such as Melanopsis praemorsa, Anax sp., Simulidae, Ceratopogonidae and Tanypodinae. The abundance of Ephydra flavipes and Ochthebius corrugatus showed a positive significant response to salinity, while Anax sp., Simulidae, S. selecta, N. ceresyi, N. baeticus, and B. hispanicus showed significant negative correlations. The number of total macroinvertebrate taxa, Diptera and Coleoptera species, number of families, Margalef's index and Shannon's diversity index decreased

2006 Saline systems PubMed abstract

1683. Mode of action of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry and Cyt toxins and their potential for insect control (Full text)

Mode of action of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry and Cyt toxins and their potential for insect control Bacillus thuringiensis Crystal (Cry) and Cytolitic (Cyt) protein families are a diverse group of proteins with activity against insects of different orders--Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Diptera and also against other invertebrates such as nematodes. Their primary action is to lyse midgut epithelial cells by inserting into the target membrane and forming pores. Among this group of proteins, members

2006 Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology PubMed abstract

1684. Learning influences host choice in tsetse (Full text)

Learning influences host choice in tsetse A learning capacity for feeding is described in many insect species including vectors of diseases, but has never been reported in tsetse flies (Diptera, Glossinidae), the cyclic vectors of human (sleeping sickness) and animal trypanosomoses in Africa. Repeated feeding on the same host species by a disease vector is likely to increase the within-species disease-transmission risk, but to decrease it between species. An experiment with cattle and reptiles

2006 Biology letters PubMed abstract

1685. Fore Tarsus Attachment Device of the Male Scuttle Fly, Aenigmatias lubbockii (Full text)

Fore Tarsus Attachment Device of the Male Scuttle Fly, Aenigmatias lubbockii The fore tarsus of the male scuttle fly, Aenigmatias lubbockii (Verrall) (Diptera: Phoridae), is broad and equipped with flattened and apically truncated (FAT) setae on the ventral surface, which are suggested to be involved in the intraspecific phoretic behaviour including airlifting and dispersal of the female. The combination of FAT setae on the male fore tarsi and regularly arranged microtrichia on the female

2007 Journal of Insect Science PubMed abstract

1686. Evaluation of the Cost-Effectiveness of Pyramidal, Modified Pyramidal and Monoscreen Traps for the Control of the Tsetse Fly, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes, in Uganda (Full text)

Evaluation of the Cost-Effectiveness of Pyramidal, Modified Pyramidal and Monoscreen Traps for the Control of the Tsetse Fly, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes, in Uganda Several trap designs have been used for sampling and control of the tsetse fly, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes, Newstead (Diptera: Glossinidae) based on preferences of individual researchers and program managers with little understanding of the comparative efficiency and cost-effectiveness of trap designs. This study was carried out

2007 Journal of Insect Science PubMed abstract

1687. Analysis of the immune-inducible transcriptome from microbial stress resistant, rat-tailed maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax (Full text)

Analysis of the immune-inducible transcriptome from microbial stress resistant, rat-tailed maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax The saprophagous and coprophagous maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax (Insecta, Diptera) have evolved the unique ability to survive in aquatic habitats with extreme microbial stress such as drains, sewage pools, and farmyard liquid manure storage pits. Therefore, they represent suitable models for the investigation of trade-offs between the benefits resulting (...) strongly increases upon challenge with LPS. In order to identify effector molecules contributing to this microbial defense we constructed a subtractive cDNA library using RNA samples from untreated and LPS injected maggots. Analysis of 288 cDNAs revealed induced expression of 117 cDNAs corresponding to 30 novel gene clusters in E. tenax. Among these immune-inducible transcripts we found homologues of known genes from other Diptera such as Drosophila and Anopheles that mediate pathogen recognition (e.g

2007 BMC genomics PubMed abstract

1688. Is reduced female survival after mating a by-product of male-male competition in the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea? (Full text)

Is reduced female survival after mating a by-product of male-male competition in the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea? In a number of species males damage females during copulation, but the reasons for this remain unclear. It may be that males are trying to manipulate female mating behaviour or their life histories. Alternatively, damage may be a side-effect of male-male competition. In the black scavenger or dung fly Sepsis cynipsea (Diptera: Sepsidae) mating reduces female survival, apparently

2007 BMC evolutionary biology PubMed abstract

1689. Genome-scale analysis of positionally relocated genes (Full text)

the radiation of the insect order Diptera, thereby illustrating the magnitude of the contribution of PRG movement to chromosomal reorganization during evolution.

2007 Genome Research PubMed abstract

1690. Hyaluronidase of Bloodsucking Insects and Its Enhancing Effect on Leishmania Infection in Mice (Full text)

of hyaluronidase coinoculation on the outcome of Leishmania major infection in BALB/c mice.High hyaluronidase activity was detected in several Diptera tested, namely deer fly Chrysops viduatus, blackflies Odagmia ornata and Eusimilium latipes, mosquito Culex quinquefasciatus, biting midge Culicoides kibunensis and sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi. Lower activity was detected in cat flea Ctenocephalides felis. No activity was found in kissing bug Rhodnius prolixus, mosquitoes Anopheles stephensi and Aedes aegypti

2008 PLoS neglected tropical diseases PubMed abstract

1691. Biocontrol of larval mosquitoes by Acilius sulcatus (Coleoptera: Dytiscidae) (Full text)

) as predator of mosquito immatures was made in the laboratory. Its efficacy under field condition was also determined to emphasize its potential as bio-control agent of mosquitoes.In the laboratory, the predation potential of the larvae of A. sulcatus was assessed using the larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say 1823 (Diptera: Culicidae) as prey at varying predator and prey densities and available space. Under field conditions, the effectiveness of the larvae of A. sulcatus was evaluated through augmentative

2008 BMC infectious diseases PubMed abstract

1692. Performance of Host-Races of the Fruit Fly, Tephritis conura on a Derived Host Plant, the Cabbage Thistle Cirsium oleraceum: Implications for the Original Host Shift (Full text)

Performance of Host-Races of the Fruit Fly, Tephritis conura on a Derived Host Plant, the Cabbage Thistle Cirsium oleraceum: Implications for the Original Host Shift The thistle-infesting fruit fly Tephritis conura Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae) forms host races on the melancholy thistle, Cirsium hetewphyllum (L.) Hill (Asterales: Asteraceae) and the cabbage thistle, Cirsium olemceum (L.). Scop. Previous research indicates that the host shift occurred from C. hetewphyllum to C. oleraceum

2008 Journal of Insect Science PubMed abstract

1693. Analysis of four achaete-scute homologs in Bombyx mori reveals new viewpoints of the evolution and functions of this gene family (Full text)

and invertebrates. Also, AS-C genes are duplicated during the evolution of Diptera. Functions besides neural development controlling have also been found in Drosophila AS-C genes.We cloned four achaete-scute homologs (ASH) from the lepidopteran model organism Bombyx mori, including three proneural genes and one neural precursor gene. Proteins encoded by them contained the characteristic bHLH domain and the three proneural ones were also found to have the C-terminal conserved motif. These genes regulated

2008 BMC genetics PubMed abstract

1694. A-to-I RNA editing alters less-conserved residues of highly conserved coding regions: Implications for dual functions in evolution (Full text)

A-to-I RNA editing alters less-conserved residues of highly conserved coding regions: Implications for dual functions in evolution The molecular mechanism and physiological function of recoding by A-to-I RNA editing is well known, but its evolutionary significance remains a mystery. We analyzed the RNA editing of the Kv2 K(+) channel from different insects spanning more than 300 million years of evolution: Drosophila melanogaster, Culex pipiens (Diptera), Pulex irritans (Siphonaptera), Bombyx

2008 RNA PubMed abstract

1695. Souvenirs to make your skin crawl (Full text)

Souvenirs to make your skin crawl 18652999 2008 09 02 2018 04 29 1473-3099 8 8 2008 Aug The Lancet. Infectious diseases Lancet Infect Dis Souvenirs to make your skin crawl. 524 10.1016/S1473-3099(08)70185-3 Brent Andrew J AJ Infectious Diseases Unit, Churchill Hospital, Oxford, UK. a.brent@imperial.ac.uk Hay Debbie D Conlon Chris P CP eng 081697 Wellcome Trust United Kingdom Case Reports Journal Article United States Lancet Infect Dis 101130150 1473-3099 IM Animals Ankle pathology Diptera

2008 The Lancet infectious diseases PubMed abstract

1696. The Obligate Mutualist Wigglesworthia glossinidia Influences Reproduction, Digestion, and Immunity Processes of Its Host, the Tsetse Fly (Full text)

The Obligate Mutualist Wigglesworthia glossinidia Influences Reproduction, Digestion, and Immunity Processes of Its Host, the Tsetse Fly Tsetse flies (Diptera: Glossinidae) are vectors for trypanosome parasites, the agents of the deadly sleeping sickness disease in Africa. Tsetse also harbor two maternally transmitted enteric mutualist endosymbionts: the primary intracellular obligate Wigglesworthia glossinidia and the secondary commensal Sodalis glossinidius. Both endosymbionts are transmitted

2008 Applied and environmental microbiology PubMed abstract

1697. When flies and mice develop cancer. Meeting on Development and Cancer (Full text)

When flies and mice develop cancer. Meeting on Development and Cancer 18636085 2008 12 15 2018 12 01 1469-3178 9 8 2008 Aug EMBO reports EMBO Rep. When flies and mice develop cancer. Meeting on development and cancer. 730-4 10.1038/embor.2008.137 Gerlitz Offer O Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, The Hebrew University, 91120 Jerusalem, Israel. offerg@ekmd.huji.ac.il Wagner Erwin F EF Moreno Eduardo E eng Congress 2008 07 18 England EMBO Rep 100963049 1469-221X IM Animals Diptera

2008 EMBO reports PubMed abstract

1698. Medfly populations differ in diel and age patterns of sexual signalling (Full text)

Medfly populations differ in diel and age patterns of sexual signalling Insect populations may differ in several life history traits, including behavioural ones such as sexual signalling. We tested whether male Mediterranean fruit fly (medlfy), Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), populations obtained from geographically isolated areas exhibit differences in quantitative and qualitative aspects of male sexual signalling. Male sexual signalling was studied in four medfly

2008 Entomologia experimentalis et applicata PubMed abstract

1699. Repellent Properties of δ-Octalactone Against the Tsetse Fly, Glossina morsitans Morsitans (Full text)

Repellent Properties of δ-Octalactone Against the Tsetse Fly, Glossina morsitans Morsitans Delta-octalactone, produced by several Bovidae, has been suggested as a potential repellant of tsetse fly attack. Racemic delta-octalactone was synthesized via an abbreviated route. The product was assayed against 3-day old starved teneral female tsetse flies, Glossina morsitans morsitans Wiedemann (Diptera: Glossinidae), in a choice wind tunnel and found to be a potent tsetse repellent at doses >or=0.05

2008 Journal of Insect Science PubMed abstract

1700. Lutzomyia longipalpis s.l. in Brazil and the impact of the Sao Francisco River in the speciation of this sand fly vector (Full text)

Lutzomyia longipalpis s.l. in Brazil and the impact of the Sao Francisco River in the speciation of this sand fly vector Lutzomyia longipalpis s.l. (Diptera: Psychodidae) is the principal vector of Leishmania infantum chagasi in the Americas, and constitutes a complex of species. Various studies have suggested an incipient speciation process based on behavioral isolation driven by the chemotype of male sexual pheromones. It is well known that natural barriers, such as mountains and rivers can

2008 Parasites & vectors PubMed abstract

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