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Diptera

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1661. Insects and allies associated with bromeliads: a review Full Text available with Trip Pro

with aquatic larvae inhabiting bromeliad phytotelmata are typically larvae of Diptera, of which at least 16 families have been reported, but in some circumstances are Coleoptera, of which only three families have been reported. Other groups include crabs and the insect orders Odonata, Plecoptera, and Trichoptera, plus Hemiptera with adults active on the water surface. The hundreds of arthropod species are detritivores or predators and do not harm their host plants. Many of them are specialists

2009 Terrestrial arthropod reviews

1662. Clove

. Contact Dermatitis 1999;41:346-347. . Barnard, D. R. Repellency of essential oils to mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol. 1999;36:625-629. . Pallares, D. E. Link between clove cigarettes and urticaria? Postgrad.Med 10-1-1999;106:153. . Arora, D. S. and Kaur, J. Antimicrobial activity of spices. Int.J Antimicrob.Agents 1999;12:257-262. . El Hag, E. A., El Nadi, A. H., and Zaitoon, A. A. Toxic and growth retarding effects of three plant extracts on Culex pipiens larvae (Diptera: Culicidae

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1663. Statement on personal protective measures to prevent arthropod bites

Rozendaal JA. Mosquitos and other biting Diptera . In: Vector control: Methods for use by individuals and communities . World Health Organization. Geneva. 1997. 2 Couch P, Johnson CE. Prevention of Lyme disease. Am J Hosp Pharm 1992;49:1164-73. 3 Schoepke A, Steffen F, Norman G. Effectiveness of personal protection measures against mosquito bites for malaria prophylaxis in travelers. J Travel Med 1998;5:188-92. 4 Lengeler C, Cattani J, de Savigny D, eds. Net Gain: A new method for preventing malaria (...) of Aedes mosquitoes. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 1996;12:69-74. 39 Cilek JE, Schreiber ET. Failure of the "mosquito plant" Pelargonium citrosum to repel adult Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus in Florida. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 1994;10:473-76. 40 Khan AA, Maibach HI, Strauss WG et al. Vitamin B1 is not a systemic mosquito repellent in man. Trans St Johns Hosp Dermatol Soc 1969;55:99-102. 41 Schmidt ML. Relative effectiveness of repellents against Simulium damnosum (Diptera: Simuliidae

2005 CPG Infobase

1664. The cost effectiveness of larval therapy in venous ulcers

-94 PubMedID Other publications of related interest Thomas S, Jones M, Shutler S, Jones S. Using larvae in modern wound management. Journal of Wound Care 1996;5:60-9. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adult; Aged; Animals; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Debridement /economics /methods; Diptera; Female; Humans; Larva; Male; Middle Aged; Varicose Ulcer /economics /nursing /therapy AccessionNumber 22001006366 Date bibliographic record published 31/07/2005 Date abstract record published 31

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1665. Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Role of ivermectin in the treatment of severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax. We describe 2 patients with severe orbital myiasis due to Cochliomyia hominivorax (of the order Diptera and the family Calliphoridae) who had underlying skin carcinomas and were treated with oral ivermectin and debridement. We suggest that ivermectin plays an important role in the treatment of severe cases of myiasis.

2006 Clinical Infectious Diseases

1666. Individual fecundity and senescence in Drosophila and medfly. Full Text available with Trip Pro

different ways of aging in various Diptera species. Finally, we discuss the possible implications of this finding.

2005 Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences

1667. West Nile virus risk assessment and the bridge vector paradigm. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of vectors. This analysis suggests that 2 species (Culex pipiens L. and Cx. restuans Theobald [Diptera: Cilicidae]) not previously considered important in transmitting WNV to humans may be responsible for up to 80% of human WNV infections in this region. This finding suggests that control efforts should be focused on these species which may reduce effects on nontarget wetland organisms. Our risk measure has broad applicability to other regions and diseases and can be adapted for use as a predictive tool

2005 Emerging Infectious Diseases

1668. Impact of pre-seasonal focal treatment on population densities of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in Trinidad, West Indies: A preliminary study. (Abstract)

Impact of pre-seasonal focal treatment on population densities of the mosquito Aedes aegypti in Trinidad, West Indies: A preliminary study. A new pre-seasonal focal treatment strategy against Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes is described for the first time. It was evaluated for 25 weeks using ovitraps, and larval and pupal surveys in the townships of Curepe (treated) and St. Joseph (untreated), Trinidad, West Indies. Both townships were similar with respect to number of houses

2008 Acta Tropica

1669. Vulnerability of the mosquito larvae to the guppies (Poecilia reticulata) in the presence of alternative preys. (Abstract)

Vulnerability of the mosquito larvae to the guppies (Poecilia reticulata) in the presence of alternative preys. The predatory potential of the larvivorous fishes can be affected by the presence of alternative preys. In the present study the predation pattern of the sewage dwelling Poecilia reticulata (Peters 1872) on the larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say 1823 (Diptera: Culicidae) was evaluated in the presence of alternative preys.The predation of Cx. quinquefasciatus larvae by different size

2008 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

1670. Investigations on the transmissibility of Trypanosoma congolense by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans during its development in a mammalian host. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Investigations on the transmissibility of Trypanosoma congolense by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans during its development in a mammalian host. Experiments were conducted to investigate the effect of the developmental stage of a monomorphic T. congolense IL1180 strain, in a vertebrate host, on its transmissibility by the tsetse fly Glossina morsitans morsitans Westwood (Diptera: Glossinidae). Batches of 160 male teneral tsetse flies were given a single bloodmeal on mice infected

2008 Acta Tropica

1671. Cutaneous myiasis. (Abstract)

Cutaneous myiasis. Myiasis is the infestation of living tissue by the larvae of flies in the order Diptera. Cutaneous involvement is the most common type of myiasis. Cutaneous myiasis can be subdivided into furuncular, migratory, and wound myiasis. Each subtype is reviewed with discussion of the larvae involved, presenting signs and symptoms, clinical differential diagnoses, and treatment. Preventive measures are also described.At the conclusion of this learning activity, participants should

2008 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

1672. Coxiella burnetii in Wild-caught Filth Flies. Full Text available with Trip Pro

& purification Diptera classification microbiology Humans Insect Vectors microbiology Muscidae microbiology Q Fever microbiology transmission Sanitation 2008 5 30 9 0 2008 7 30 9 0 2008 5 30 9 0 ppublish 18507933 PMC2600314 10.3201/eid1406.071691 J Virol Methods. 2007 Mar;140(1-2):140-7 17187871 Emerg Infect Dis. 2007 Aug;13(8):1247-9 17953104 Emerg Infect Dis. 2001 May-Jun;7(3):413-9 11384518 Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2006 Jul;75(1):41-8 16837707 Res Vet Sci. 2004 Oct;77(2):93-100 15196898 Indian J Med Res. 1983

2008 Emerging Infectious Diseases

1673. Abandoning small-scale fish farming in western Kenya leads to higher malaria vector abundance. (Abstract)

populations of fishponds in Kisii Central District in western Kenya. Two hundred and sixty one fishponds were found, 186 active (fish present) and 75 abandoned (fish absent). Vegetation was not significantly associated with the distribution of Anopheles gambiae s.l., Anopheles funestus or culicines (Diptera: Culicidae) in active or abandoned ponds. The presence of fish, however, correlated significantly with the distribution of all mosquito species, with significantly higher mosquito densities

2007 Acta Tropica

1674. Morphological method for sexing anopheline larvae. (Abstract)

of the released insect has been considered greatly. Here we report on a morphological sexing method for the preferential diagnosis and separation of males in late III and IV instar larvae for the mosquitoes Anopheles stephensi Liston and An. culicifacies s.l. (Diptera: Culicidae), the principal vectors of human malaria in Asia and Indian subcontinent.Male mosquitoes are identified by their tube like organ at the 9th abdomen segment which originates from segment parallel to the spiracles. Length and width

2007 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

1675. A genome-wide inventory of neurohormone GPCRs in the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum. (Abstract)

. In addition, T. castaneum is a model for insect development. Here, we have investigated the presence of neurohormone GPCRs in Tribolium and compared them with those from the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster (Diptera) and the honey bee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera). We found 20 biogenic amine GPCRs in Tribolium (21 in Drosophila; 19 in the honey bee), 48 neuropeptide GPCRs (45 in Drosophila; 35 in the honey bee), and 4 protein hormone GPCRs (4 in Drosophila; 2 in the honey bee). Furthermore, we identified

2007 Frontiers in Neuroendocrinology

1676. Water quality and immatures of the M and S forms of Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis in a Malian village. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Water quality and immatures of the M and S forms of Anopheles gambiae s.s. and An. arabiensis in a Malian village. The associations between the immatures of Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Diptera: Culicidae), its M and S forms, and Anopheles arabiensis among and within larval breeding habitats in Banambani, Mali were investigated under varying conditions of water quality and rainfall. The intent was to elucidate on niche partitioning of these taxa.Immatures of An. arabiensis, An. gambiae s.s., and its

2006 Malaria journal

1677. Radiation-induced sterility for pupal and adult stages of the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Radiation-induced sterility for pupal and adult stages of the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis. In the context of the Sterile Insect Technique (SIT), radiation-induced sterility in the malaria mosquito Anopheles arabiensis Patton (Diptera: Culicidae) was studied. Male mosquitoes were exposed to gamma rays in the pupal or adult stage and dose-sterility curves were determined.Pupae were irradiated shortly before emergence (at 22-26 hrs of age), and adults <24 hrs post emergence. Doses tested

2006 Malaria journal

1678. Myiasis in Kuwait: nosocomial infections caused by lucilia sericata and Megaselia scalaris. (Abstract)

Myiasis in Kuwait: nosocomial infections caused by lucilia sericata and Megaselia scalaris. Myiasis, the invasion of live human tissue by larvae of Diptera, is reported in the nasopharynx and a leg wound in two patients who were hospitalized for more than 72 hours in Mubarak Al-Kabeer Teaching Hospital in Kuwait City, Kuwait. On the fourth and fifth days after a 10-year-old Kuwaiti boy was admitted to the hospital intensive care unit in a bloodied and comatose state following a traffic accident (...) , 'worms' that came out of his nostrils were fixed, cleared, and identified as second and third instar of Lucilia sericata (Diptera: Calliphoridae). After 14 days, 'worms' were seen in the original dressing of a 35-year-old Iranian man admitted to the Orthopedic Unit of the hospital with multiple lacerations and fractures. The larvae, in various stages of development, were identified as those of Megaselia scalaris (Diptera: Phoridae). Since the presence of larvae in both patients was recorded after

2004 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1679. Population dynamics of an endogenous meiotic drive system in Aedes aegypti in Trinidad. (Abstract)

Population dynamics of an endogenous meiotic drive system in Aedes aegypti in Trinidad. An endogenous meiotic drive system was previously reported to be segregating in the yellow fever mosquito Aedes aegypti L. (Diptera: Culicidae) population in Trinidad. The meiotic driver (M(D)) is tightly linked to the male determining locus and selectively targets sensitive responders linked to the female determining allele, causing fragmentation of female gametes. This results in highly male-biased progeny

2006 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1680. Cyclical transmission of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in Glossina palpalis gambiensis displays great differences among field isolates. (Abstract)

Cyclical transmission of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense in Glossina palpalis gambiensis displays great differences among field isolates. Six sets of teneral Glossina palpalis gambiensis (Diptera: Glossinidae) were fed on mice infected with six different isolates of Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (each mouse was infected with one of the isolates), previously isolated from patients in the sleeping sickness focus of Bonon, Côte d'Ivoire and in Makoua, Congo. All the tsetse flies were dissected 42 days

2006 Acta Tropica

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