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Diptera

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1661. Statement on personal protective measures to prevent arthropod bites

Rozendaal JA. Mosquitos and other biting Diptera . In: Vector control: Methods for use by individuals and communities . World Health Organization. Geneva. 1997. 2 Couch P, Johnson CE. Prevention of Lyme disease. Am J Hosp Pharm 1992;49:1164-73. 3 Schoepke A, Steffen F, Norman G. Effectiveness of personal protection measures against mosquito bites for malaria prophylaxis in travelers. J Travel Med 1998;5:188-92. 4 Lengeler C, Cattani J, de Savigny D, eds. Net Gain: A new method for preventing malaria (...) of Aedes mosquitoes. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 1996;12:69-74. 39 Cilek JE, Schreiber ET. Failure of the "mosquito plant" Pelargonium citrosum to repel adult Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus in Florida. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 1994;10:473-76. 40 Khan AA, Maibach HI, Strauss WG et al. Vitamin B1 is not a systemic mosquito repellent in man. Trans St Johns Hosp Dermatol Soc 1969;55:99-102. 41 Schmidt ML. Relative effectiveness of repellents against Simulium damnosum (Diptera: Simuliidae

2005 CPG Infobase

1662. The cost effectiveness of larval therapy in venous ulcers

-94 PubMedID Other publications of related interest Thomas S, Jones M, Shutler S, Jones S. Using larvae in modern wound management. Journal of Wound Care 1996;5:60-9. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adult; Aged; Animals; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Debridement /economics /methods; Diptera; Female; Humans; Larva; Male; Middle Aged; Varicose Ulcer /economics /nursing /therapy AccessionNumber 22001006366 Date bibliographic record published 31/07/2005 Date abstract record published 31

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1663. Tissue and Life Stage Specificity of Glutathione S-Transferase Expression in the Hessian Fly, Mayetiola destructor: Implications for Resistance to Host Allelochemicals (PubMed)

Tissue and Life Stage Specificity of Glutathione S-Transferase Expression in the Hessian Fly, Mayetiola destructor: Implications for Resistance to Host Allelochemicals Two new Delta and Sigma glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) in the Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), were characterized and transcription profiles described. The deduced amino acid sequences for the two M. destructor Delta GSTs (MdesGST-1 and MdesGST-3) showed high similarity with other insect Delta GSTs

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2007 Journal of Insect Science

1664. Developmental expression and phylogenetic conservation of alternatively spliced forms of the C-terminal Binding Protein corepressor. (PubMed)

that the expression of multiple, developmentally regulated isoforms is widely conserved. In a variety of Drosophila species, the relative abundance of CtBP(L) to CtBP(S) drops sharply after embryogenesis, revealing a conserved developmental shift. Despite the overall lower levels of this isoform, bioinformatic analysis reveals that exons encoding the C-terminal extension in CtBP(L) are conserved from Diptera to Coleoptera, suggesting that the CtBP(L) isoform contributes an important, evolutionarily conserved

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2006 Development genes and evolution

1665. Mosquito Species Associated Within Some Western Himalayas Phytogeographic Zones in the Garhwal Region of India (PubMed)

Mosquito Species Associated Within Some Western Himalayas Phytogeographic Zones in the Garhwal Region of India Thirty four species of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) were collected across three phytogeographic zones; tropical (300 to 1000 m), sub tropical (1000 to 2000 m) and temperate (2000 to 3000 m) in the Garhwal region of India. They included 5 genera: Aedes, Anopheles, Armigeres, Culex and Uranotaenia. Of these, the immature forms of 23 species were recovered from different breeding

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2007 Journal of Insect Science

1666. Ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by Dermatobia hominis in Florida (PubMed)

Ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by Dermatobia hominis in Florida 17446513 2007 05 24 2018 11 13 0007-1161 91 5 2007 May The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by Dermatobia hominis in Florida. 695 Price Kristina M KM Murchison Ann P AP Bernardino C Robert CR Kang Shin J SJ Grossniklaus Hans E HE eng Case Reports Letter England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Animals Child, Preschool Diptera Eye Infections, Parasitic parasitology Eyelid Diseases

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2007 The British journal of ophthalmology

1667. Phylogenomic analysis reveals bees and wasps (Hymenoptera) at the base of the radiation of Holometabolous insects (PubMed)

insect model species. Contrary to the most widely accepted phylogenetic hypothesis, bees and wasps (Hymenoptera) are basal to the other major holometabolous orders, beetles (Coleoptera), moths (Lepidoptera), and flies (Diptera). We validate our results by meticulous examination of potential confounding factors. Phylogenomic approaches are thus able to resolve long-standing questions about the phylogeny of insects.

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2006 Genome Research

1668. Response of biotic communities to salinity changes in a Mediterranean hypersaline stream (PubMed)

irrigation channel suffers cracks.Along the salinity gradient studied (3.5-76.4 g L(-1)) Cladophora glomerata and Ruppia maritima biomass decreased with increasing salinity, while the biomass of epipelic algae increased. Diptera and Coleoptera species dominated the community both in disturbed as in re-established conditions. Most macroinvertebrates species found in Rambla Salada stream are euryhaline species with a broad range of salinity tolerance. Eight of them were recorded in natural hypersaline (...) with low salininty tolerance, such as Melanopsis praemorsa, Anax sp., Simulidae, Ceratopogonidae and Tanypodinae. The abundance of Ephydra flavipes and Ochthebius corrugatus showed a positive significant response to salinity, while Anax sp., Simulidae, S. selecta, N. ceresyi, N. baeticus, and B. hispanicus showed significant negative correlations. The number of total macroinvertebrate taxa, Diptera and Coleoptera species, number of families, Margalef's index and Shannon's diversity index decreased

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2006 Saline systems

1669. Learning influences host choice in tsetse (PubMed)

Learning influences host choice in tsetse A learning capacity for feeding is described in many insect species including vectors of diseases, but has never been reported in tsetse flies (Diptera, Glossinidae), the cyclic vectors of human (sleeping sickness) and animal trypanosomoses in Africa. Repeated feeding on the same host species by a disease vector is likely to increase the within-species disease-transmission risk, but to decrease it between species. An experiment with cattle and reptiles

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2006 Biology letters

1670. Mode of action of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry and Cyt toxins and their potential for insect control (PubMed)

Mode of action of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry and Cyt toxins and their potential for insect control Bacillus thuringiensis Crystal (Cry) and Cytolitic (Cyt) protein families are a diverse group of proteins with activity against insects of different orders--Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, Diptera and also against other invertebrates such as nematodes. Their primary action is to lyse midgut epithelial cells by inserting into the target membrane and forming pores. Among this group of proteins, members

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2006 Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology

1671. Evaluation of the Cost-Effectiveness of Pyramidal, Modified Pyramidal and Monoscreen Traps for the Control of the Tsetse Fly, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes, in Uganda (PubMed)

Evaluation of the Cost-Effectiveness of Pyramidal, Modified Pyramidal and Monoscreen Traps for the Control of the Tsetse Fly, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes, in Uganda Several trap designs have been used for sampling and control of the tsetse fly, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes, Newstead (Diptera: Glossinidae) based on preferences of individual researchers and program managers with little understanding of the comparative efficiency and cost-effectiveness of trap designs. This study was carried out

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2007 Journal of Insect Science

1672. Analysis of the immune-inducible transcriptome from microbial stress resistant, rat-tailed maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax (PubMed)

Analysis of the immune-inducible transcriptome from microbial stress resistant, rat-tailed maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax The saprophagous and coprophagous maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax (Insecta, Diptera) have evolved the unique ability to survive in aquatic habitats with extreme microbial stress such as drains, sewage pools, and farmyard liquid manure storage pits. Therefore, they represent suitable models for the investigation of trade-offs between the benefits resulting (...) strongly increases upon challenge with LPS. In order to identify effector molecules contributing to this microbial defense we constructed a subtractive cDNA library using RNA samples from untreated and LPS injected maggots. Analysis of 288 cDNAs revealed induced expression of 117 cDNAs corresponding to 30 novel gene clusters in E. tenax. Among these immune-inducible transcripts we found homologues of known genes from other Diptera such as Drosophila and Anopheles that mediate pathogen recognition (e.g

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2007 BMC genomics

1673. Fore Tarsus Attachment Device of the Male Scuttle Fly, Aenigmatias lubbockii (PubMed)

Fore Tarsus Attachment Device of the Male Scuttle Fly, Aenigmatias lubbockii The fore tarsus of the male scuttle fly, Aenigmatias lubbockii (Verrall) (Diptera: Phoridae), is broad and equipped with flattened and apically truncated (FAT) setae on the ventral surface, which are suggested to be involved in the intraspecific phoretic behaviour including airlifting and dispersal of the female. The combination of FAT setae on the male fore tarsi and regularly arranged microtrichia on the female

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2007 Journal of Insect Science

1674. Is reduced female survival after mating a by-product of male-male competition in the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea? (PubMed)

Is reduced female survival after mating a by-product of male-male competition in the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea? In a number of species males damage females during copulation, but the reasons for this remain unclear. It may be that males are trying to manipulate female mating behaviour or their life histories. Alternatively, damage may be a side-effect of male-male competition. In the black scavenger or dung fly Sepsis cynipsea (Diptera: Sepsidae) mating reduces female survival, apparently

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2007 BMC evolutionary biology

1675. Genome-scale analysis of positionally relocated genes (PubMed)

the radiation of the insect order Diptera, thereby illustrating the magnitude of the contribution of PRG movement to chromosomal reorganization during evolution.

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2007 Genome Research

1676. Effects of Wolbachia in the uzifly, Exorista sorbillans, a parasitoid of the silkworm, Bombyx mori (PubMed)

Effects of Wolbachia in the uzifly, Exorista sorbillans, a parasitoid of the silkworm, Bombyx mori The uzifly, Exorista sorbillans (Diptera: Tachinidae), a parasitoid of the silkworm, Bombyx mori L. (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae), harbours Wolbachia (Rickettsia) endosymbionts. Administration of 0.05 mg/ml oxytetracycline to the adult uziflies removed Wolbachia endosymbionts and resulted in different reproductive disorders, such as i) reduction in fecundity of uninfected females, ii) cytoplasmic

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2005 Journal of Insect Science

1677. Replication Origin of Mitochondrial DNA in Insects (PubMed)

Replication Origin of Mitochondrial DNA in Insects The precise position of the replication origin (O(R)) of mtDNA was determined for insect species belonging to four different orders (four species of Drosophila, Bombyx mori, Triborium castaneum, and Locusta migratoria, which belong to Diptera, Lepidoptera, Coleoptera, and Orthoptera, respectively). Since the free 5' ends of the DNA strands of mtDNA are interpreted as the O(R), their positions were mapped at 1-nucleotide resolution within

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2005 Genetics

1678. Susceptibility of biological stages of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans, to entomopathogenic fungi (Hyphomycetes) (PubMed)

Susceptibility of biological stages of the horn fly, Haematobia irritans, to entomopathogenic fungi (Hyphomycetes) The susceptibility of the egg, pupa, and adult of Haematobia irritans (L.) (Diptera: Muscidae) to isolates of the fungi Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch.) Sor., Beauveria bassiana (Bals.) Vuill., and Paecilomyces fumosoroseus (Wize) Brown and Smith, was evaluated under laboratory conditions. Groups of 20 eggs than 4 h old, pupae less than 48h old and adults were sprayed

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2005 Journal of Insect Science

1679. Germ cell development in the Honeybee (Apis mellifera); Vasa and Nanos expression (PubMed)

in the honeybee implies that in this species either germ cells are formed by an inductive event, late in embryogenesis, or they are formed early in development in the absence of vasa and nanos expression. This contrasts with germ cell development in other members of the Hymenoptera, Diptera and Lepidoptera.

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2006 BMC developmental biology

1680. The Enhancer of split and Achaete-Scute complexes of Drosophilids derived from simple ur-complexes preserved in mosquito and honeybee (PubMed)

activators. The question arose how these complexes evolved with regard to gene number in the evolution of insects concentrating on Diptera and the Hymenoptera Apis mellifera.In Drosophilids both gene complexes are highly conserved, spanning roughly 40 million years of evolution. However, in species more diverged like Anopheles or Apis we find dramatic differences. Here, the E(spl)-C consists of one bHLH (mbeta) and one Brd family member (malpha) in a head to head arrangement. Interestingly in Apis (...) but not in Anopheles, there are two more E(spl) bHLH like genes within 250 kb, which may reflect duplication events in the honeybee that occurred independently of that in Diptera. The AS-C may have arisen from a single sc/l'sc like gene which is well conserved in Apis and Anopheles and a second ase like gene that is highly diverged, however, located within 50 kb.E(spl)-C and AS-C presumably evolved by gene duplication to the nowadays complex composition in Drosophilids in order to govern the accurate expression

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2005 BMC evolutionary biology

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