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1641. The development and evaluation of a single step multiplex PCR for simultaneous detection of Anopheles annularis group mosquitoes, human host preference and Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite presence. (Abstract)

The development and evaluation of a single step multiplex PCR for simultaneous detection of Anopheles annularis group mosquitoes, human host preference and Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite presence. The Anopheles annularis group mosquitoes, subgenus Cellia Theobald (Diptera: Culicidae), includes five recognized species: An. annularis Van der Wulp, An. nivipes Theobald, An. pallidus Theobald, An. philippinensis Ludlow and An. schueffneri Stanton. From these five, the three most common species

2009 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1642. Molecular markers for Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) and their usefulness for population genetic analysis. (Abstract)

Molecular markers for Phlebotomus papatasi (Diptera: Psychodidae) and their usefulness for population genetic analysis. Three molecular typing tools: multilocus microsatellite typing, cytochrome b sequence analysis and internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) sequence analysis, were evaluated for their usefulness in inferring the population structure of Phlebotomus papatasi sand flies. ITS2 sequence analysis did not prove suitable for inferring phylogenetic and population genetic relationships

2009 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1643. Cutaneous manifestations in Hymenoptera and Diptera anaphylaxis: relationship with basal serum tryptase. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cutaneous manifestations in Hymenoptera and Diptera anaphylaxis: relationship with basal serum tryptase. To compare the clinical presentation of systemic anaphylaxis to Hymenoptera and Diptera with regard to basal serum tryptase (BT) and to evaluate mastocytosis in patients with elevated tryptase.The medical records of 140 patients with a history of a systemic reaction to venom were retrospectively reviewed. Symptoms and severity of anaphylaxis and BT were recorded. Most patients with elevated

2009 Clinical and Experimental Allergy

1644. Evolution of the achaete-scute complex in insects: convergent duplication of proneural genes. (Abstract)

evolution of multiple copies of achaete-scute homologues and argue that this might have contributed to morphological diversity in Diptera and Lepidoptera.

2009 Trends in Genetics

1645. Oviposition strategies adopted by gravid Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) as detected by ovitraps in Trinidad, West Indies (2002-2006). (Abstract)

Oviposition strategies adopted by gravid Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Culicidae) as detected by ovitraps in Trinidad, West Indies (2002-2006). Aedes aegypti oviposition strategies were studied weekly over a period of 5 years (2002-2006) in Curepe, Trinidad using modified ovitraps. From a total of 23,293 ovitraps collected, 10,156 were collected in the months of the dry season, with 3041 positive (30%) containing 99,577 Ae. aegypti eggs. In contrast, during the wet season from 13,137 ovitraps

2009 Acta Tropica

1646. Faunistic study of the sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in an emerging focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Al Haouz province, Morocco. (Abstract)

Faunistic study of the sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in an emerging focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Al Haouz province, Morocco. The Moroccan province of Al Haouz is an emerging focus of human cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania tropica. In an entomological investigation of three communes in the province (Ourika, Stti Fatma and Rhmate), 3440 sandflies were collected on sticky traps in 2005-2007. Of the six Phlebotomus species caught, Phlebotomus papatasi (13.3% of the total

2009 Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology

1647. Natural infection of Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto, 1926) (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) by Leishmania (Viannia) spp. in Brazil. (Abstract)

Natural infection of Nyssomyia neivai (Pinto, 1926) (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) by Leishmania (Viannia) spp. in Brazil. A study of the natural infection of phlebotomine sand flies by Leishmania (Viannia) was conducted in a focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Piçarras, on the northeastern coast of the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. In total, 562 female Nyssomyia neivai were collected by miniature light traps near houses, separated in 61 pools and examined by PCR and Southern blot

2009 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

1648. Clove

. Contact Dermatitis 1999;41:346-347. . Barnard, D. R. Repellency of essential oils to mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). J Med Entomol. 1999;36:625-629. . Pallares, D. E. Link between clove cigarettes and urticaria? Postgrad.Med 10-1-1999;106:153. . Arora, D. S. and Kaur, J. Antimicrobial activity of spices. Int.J Antimicrob.Agents 1999;12:257-262. . El Hag, E. A., El Nadi, A. H., and Zaitoon, A. A. Toxic and growth retarding effects of three plant extracts on Culex pipiens larvae (Diptera: Culicidae

2009 National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine

1649. Statement on personal protective measures to prevent arthropod bites

Rozendaal JA. Mosquitos and other biting Diptera . In: Vector control: Methods for use by individuals and communities . World Health Organization. Geneva. 1997. 2 Couch P, Johnson CE. Prevention of Lyme disease. Am J Hosp Pharm 1992;49:1164-73. 3 Schoepke A, Steffen F, Norman G. Effectiveness of personal protection measures against mosquito bites for malaria prophylaxis in travelers. J Travel Med 1998;5:188-92. 4 Lengeler C, Cattani J, de Savigny D, eds. Net Gain: A new method for preventing malaria (...) of Aedes mosquitoes. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 1996;12:69-74. 39 Cilek JE, Schreiber ET. Failure of the "mosquito plant" Pelargonium citrosum to repel adult Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus in Florida. J Am Mosq Control Assoc 1994;10:473-76. 40 Khan AA, Maibach HI, Strauss WG et al. Vitamin B1 is not a systemic mosquito repellent in man. Trans St Johns Hosp Dermatol Soc 1969;55:99-102. 41 Schmidt ML. Relative effectiveness of repellents against Simulium damnosum (Diptera: Simuliidae

2005 CPG Infobase

1650. The cost effectiveness of larval therapy in venous ulcers

-94 PubMedID Other publications of related interest Thomas S, Jones M, Shutler S, Jones S. Using larvae in modern wound management. Journal of Wound Care 1996;5:60-9. Indexing Status Subject indexing assigned by NLM MeSH Adult; Aged; Animals; Cost-Benefit Analysis; Debridement /economics /methods; Diptera; Female; Humans; Larva; Male; Middle Aged; Varicose Ulcer /economics /nursing /therapy AccessionNumber 22001006366 Date bibliographic record published 31/07/2005 Date abstract record published 31

2000 NHS Economic Evaluation Database.

1651. Tissue and Life Stage Specificity of Glutathione S-Transferase Expression in the Hessian Fly, Mayetiola destructor: Implications for Resistance to Host Allelochemicals Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tissue and Life Stage Specificity of Glutathione S-Transferase Expression in the Hessian Fly, Mayetiola destructor: Implications for Resistance to Host Allelochemicals Two new Delta and Sigma glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) in the Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), were characterized and transcription profiles described. The deduced amino acid sequences for the two M. destructor Delta GSTs (MdesGST-1 and MdesGST-3) showed high similarity with other insect Delta GSTs

2007 Journal of Insect Science

1652. Evaluation of the Cost-Effectiveness of Pyramidal, Modified Pyramidal and Monoscreen Traps for the Control of the Tsetse Fly, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes, in Uganda Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of the Cost-Effectiveness of Pyramidal, Modified Pyramidal and Monoscreen Traps for the Control of the Tsetse Fly, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes, in Uganda Several trap designs have been used for sampling and control of the tsetse fly, Glossina fuscipes fuscipes, Newstead (Diptera: Glossinidae) based on preferences of individual researchers and program managers with little understanding of the comparative efficiency and cost-effectiveness of trap designs. This study was carried out

2007 Journal of Insect Science

1653. Learning influences host choice in tsetse Full Text available with Trip Pro

Learning influences host choice in tsetse A learning capacity for feeding is described in many insect species including vectors of diseases, but has never been reported in tsetse flies (Diptera, Glossinidae), the cyclic vectors of human (sleeping sickness) and animal trypanosomoses in Africa. Repeated feeding on the same host species by a disease vector is likely to increase the within-species disease-transmission risk, but to decrease it between species. An experiment with cattle and reptiles

2006 Biology letters

1654. Developmental expression and phylogenetic conservation of alternatively spliced forms of the C-terminal Binding Protein corepressor. Full Text available with Trip Pro

that the expression of multiple, developmentally regulated isoforms is widely conserved. In a variety of Drosophila species, the relative abundance of CtBP(L) to CtBP(S) drops sharply after embryogenesis, revealing a conserved developmental shift. Despite the overall lower levels of this isoform, bioinformatic analysis reveals that exons encoding the C-terminal extension in CtBP(L) are conserved from Diptera to Coleoptera, suggesting that the CtBP(L) isoform contributes an important, evolutionarily conserved

2006 Development genes and evolution

1655. Is reduced female survival after mating a by-product of male-male competition in the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Is reduced female survival after mating a by-product of male-male competition in the dung fly Sepsis cynipsea? In a number of species males damage females during copulation, but the reasons for this remain unclear. It may be that males are trying to manipulate female mating behaviour or their life histories. Alternatively, damage may be a side-effect of male-male competition. In the black scavenger or dung fly Sepsis cynipsea (Diptera: Sepsidae) mating reduces female survival, apparently

2007 BMC evolutionary biology

1656. Mosquito Species Associated Within Some Western Himalayas Phytogeographic Zones in the Garhwal Region of India Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mosquito Species Associated Within Some Western Himalayas Phytogeographic Zones in the Garhwal Region of India Thirty four species of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) were collected across three phytogeographic zones; tropical (300 to 1000 m), sub tropical (1000 to 2000 m) and temperate (2000 to 3000 m) in the Garhwal region of India. They included 5 genera: Aedes, Anopheles, Armigeres, Culex and Uranotaenia. Of these, the immature forms of 23 species were recovered from different breeding

2007 Journal of Insect Science

1657. Ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by Dermatobia hominis in Florida Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by Dermatobia hominis in Florida 17446513 2007 05 24 2018 11 13 0007-1161 91 5 2007 May The British journal of ophthalmology Br J Ophthalmol Ophthalmomyiasis externa caused by Dermatobia hominis in Florida. 695 Price Kristina M KM Murchison Ann P AP Bernardino C Robert CR Kang Shin J SJ Grossniklaus Hans E HE eng Case Reports Letter England Br J Ophthalmol 0421041 0007-1161 IM Animals Child, Preschool Diptera Eye Infections, Parasitic parasitology Eyelid Diseases

2007 The British journal of ophthalmology

1658. Analysis of the immune-inducible transcriptome from microbial stress resistant, rat-tailed maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax Full Text available with Trip Pro

Analysis of the immune-inducible transcriptome from microbial stress resistant, rat-tailed maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax The saprophagous and coprophagous maggots of the drone fly Eristalis tenax (Insecta, Diptera) have evolved the unique ability to survive in aquatic habitats with extreme microbial stress such as drains, sewage pools, and farmyard liquid manure storage pits. Therefore, they represent suitable models for the investigation of trade-offs between the benefits resulting (...) strongly increases upon challenge with LPS. In order to identify effector molecules contributing to this microbial defense we constructed a subtractive cDNA library using RNA samples from untreated and LPS injected maggots. Analysis of 288 cDNAs revealed induced expression of 117 cDNAs corresponding to 30 novel gene clusters in E. tenax. Among these immune-inducible transcripts we found homologues of known genes from other Diptera such as Drosophila and Anopheles that mediate pathogen recognition (e.g

2007 BMC genomics

1659. Analysis of four achaete-scute homologs in Bombyx mori reveals new viewpoints of the evolution and functions of this gene family Full Text available with Trip Pro

and invertebrates. Also, AS-C genes are duplicated during the evolution of Diptera. Functions besides neural development controlling have also been found in Drosophila AS-C genes.We cloned four achaete-scute homologs (ASH) from the lepidopteran model organism Bombyx mori, including three proneural genes and one neural precursor gene. Proteins encoded by them contained the characteristic bHLH domain and the three proneural ones were also found to have the C-terminal conserved motif. These genes regulated

2008 BMC genetics

1660. Fore Tarsus Attachment Device of the Male Scuttle Fly, Aenigmatias lubbockii Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fore Tarsus Attachment Device of the Male Scuttle Fly, Aenigmatias lubbockii The fore tarsus of the male scuttle fly, Aenigmatias lubbockii (Verrall) (Diptera: Phoridae), is broad and equipped with flattened and apically truncated (FAT) setae on the ventral surface, which are suggested to be involved in the intraspecific phoretic behaviour including airlifting and dispersal of the female. The combination of FAT setae on the male fore tarsi and regularly arranged microtrichia on the female

2007 Journal of Insect Science

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