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Diptera

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1561. Purification and Characterization of a New D-Galactose-Specific Lectin from the Housefly, Musca domestica, and Its Antiproliferative Effect on Human K562 and MCF-7 Tumor Cells Full Text available with Trip Pro

Purification and Characterization of a New D-Galactose-Specific Lectin from the Housefly, Musca domestica, and Its Antiproliferative Effect on Human K562 and MCF-7 Tumor Cells In the present work, a D-galactose-specific lectin with novel N-terminal sequence was purified from Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) pupae. The purification was performed using affinity chromatography, ultra-filtration, and HPLC. The haemagglutinating activity of M. domestica lectin was specifically inhibited by D

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1562. Purification of Lectin from Larvae of the fly, Musca domestica, and in Vitro Anti-Tumor Activity in MCF-7 Cells Full Text available with Trip Pro

Purification of Lectin from Larvae of the fly, Musca domestica, and in Vitro Anti-Tumor Activity in MCF-7 Cells A new lectin was purified from larvae of the fly, Musca domestica L. (Diptera: Muscidae) (MLL-2, 38 kDa) using affinity chromatography and HPLC. Anti-tumor activity of MLL-2 was demonstrated by its inhibition of proliferation of human breast cancer (MCF-7) cells in a time-and dose-dependent manner. The results of acridine orange staining indicated that MLL-2 caused apoptosis in MCF-7

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1563. An Arthropod Enzyme, Dfurin 1, and a Vertebrate Furin Homolog Display Distinct Cleavage Site Sequence Preferences for a Shared Viral Proprotein Substrate Full Text available with Trip Pro

hamster, Cricetulus griseus Milne-Edwards (Rodentia: Cricetidae) ovary cells (CHO-K1) and in a CHO-K1-derived furin-negative cell line (RPE.40) engineered to stably express the Dfurin1 enzyme of Drosophila melanogaster Meigen (Diptera: Drosophilidae). Expression of Dfurin1 enhanced Sindbis virus titers in RPE.40 cells by a factor of 10(2)-10(3), and this increase correlated with efficient cleavage of PE2. The PE2-cleavage phenotypes of viruses containing different amino acid substitutions adjacent

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1564. Constituents of the Essential Oil of Suregada zanzibariensis Leaves are Repellent to the Mosquito, Anopheles gambiae s.s. Full Text available with Trip Pro

initiative, the essential oil of leaves of the tree, Suregada zanzibariensis Verdc. (Angiospermae: Euphobiaceae) was tested against the mosquito, Anopheles gambiae s.s. Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) and found to be repellent. Gas chromatography (GC), GC-linked mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and, where possible, GC-co-injections with authentic compounds, led to the identification of about 34 compounds in the essential oil. About 56% of the constituents were terpenoid ketones, mostly methyl ketones

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1565. Artificial Neural Networks: A Novel Approach to Analysing the Nutritional Ecology of a Blowfly Species, Chrysomya megacephala Full Text available with Trip Pro

Function (RBF), and Adaptive Neural Network-Based Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS), to ascertain whether these tools would be able to outperform a classical statistical method (multiple linear regression) in the prediction of the number of resultant adults (survivors) of experimental populations of Chrysomya megacephala (F.) (Diptera: Calliphoridae), based on initial larval density (number of larvae), amount of available food, and duration of immature stages. The coefficient of determination (R(2

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1566. Ecological Niche Modeling of Potential West Nile Virus Vector Mosquito Species in Iowa Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ecological Niche Modeling of Potential West Nile Virus Vector Mosquito Species in Iowa Ecological niche modeling (ENM) algorithms, Maximum Entropy Species Distribution Modeling (Maxent) and Genetic Algorithm for Rule-set Prediction (GARP), were used to develop models in Iowa for three species of mosquito - two significant, extant West Nile virus (WNV) vectors (Culex pipiens L and Culex tarsalis Coquillett (Diptera: Culicidae)), and the nuisance mosquito, Aedes vexans Meigen (Diptera: Culicidae

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1567. Expression Analysis and Knockdown of Two Antennal Odorant-Binding Protein Genes in Aedes aegypti Full Text available with Trip Pro

in olfaction. In this study, a double subgenomic Sindbis virus expression system was used to reduce the expression of two Obp genes in Aedes aegypti L (Diptera: Culicidae), AaegObp1 and AaegObp2. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis showed predominant expression of both genes in the female antennae, the primary olfactory tissue of mosquitoes. Moreover, at 11 days post virus-inoculation, the mRNA levels of AaegObp1 and AaegObp2 were significantly reduced in olfactory tissues of recombinant virus-inoculated

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1568. A new mtDNA COI gene lineage near An. janconnae of the Albitarsis Complex from Caribbean Colombia Full Text available with Trip Pro

A new mtDNA COI gene lineage near An. janconnae of the Albitarsis Complex from Caribbean Colombia An understanding of the taxonomic status and vector distribution of anophelines is crucial in controlling malaria. Previous phylogenetic analyses have supported the description of six species of the Neotropical malaria vector Anopheles (Nyssorhynchus) albitarsis s.l. (Diptera: Culicidae): An. albitarsis, Anopheles deaneorum, Anopheles marajoara, Anopheles oryzalimnetes, Anopheles janconnae

2010 Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

1569. Geographic Patterns of Inversion Polymorphism in the Second Chromosome of the Cactophilic Drosophila buzzatii from Northeastern Argentina Full Text available with Trip Pro

Geographic Patterns of Inversion Polymorphism in the Second Chromosome of the Cactophilic Drosophila buzzatii from Northeastern Argentina The inversion polymorphisms of the cactophilic Drosophila buzzatti Patterson and Wheeler (Diptera: Drosophilidae) were studied in new areas of its distribution in Argentina. A total of thirty-eight natural populations, including 29 from previous studies, were analyzed using multiple regression analyses. The results showed that about 23% of total variation

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1570. Comparison of Rain-Fast Bait Stations Versus Foliar Bait Sprays for Control of Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, in Papaya Orchards in Hawaii Full Text available with Trip Pro

either as foliar sprays or onto bait stations in reducing female oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), population density and level of fruit infestation in commercial papaya orchards in Hawaii. Trapping and infestation data were used as indicators of the effectiveness of the two bait application methods. For the first 10 weeks of the study, captures of female B. dorsalis in monitoring traps were significantly greater in control plots than in plots treated

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1571. Acetic Acid Bacteria, Newly Emerging Symbionts of Insects Full Text available with Trip Pro

Acetic Acid Bacteria, Newly Emerging Symbionts of Insects Recent research in microbe-insect symbiosis has shown that acetic acid bacteria (AAB) establish symbiotic relationships with several insects of the orders Diptera, Hymenoptera, Hemiptera, and Homoptera, all relying on sugar-based diets, such as nectars, fruit sugars, or phloem sap. To date, the fruit flies Drosophila melanogaster and Bactrocera oleae, mosquitoes of the genera Anopheles and Aedes, the honey bee Apis mellifera

2010 Applied and environmental microbiology

1572. The Common Swift Louse Fly, Crataerina pallida: An Ideal Species for Studying Host-Parasite Interactions Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Common Swift Louse Fly, Crataerina pallida: An Ideal Species for Studying Host-Parasite Interactions Little is known of the life-history of many parasitic species. This hinders a full understanding of host-parasitic interactions. The common swift louse fly, Crataerina pallida Latreille (Diptera: Hippoboscidae), an obligate haematophagous parasite of the Common Swift, Apus apus Linnaeus 1758, is one such species. No detrimental effect of its parasitism upon the host has been found. This may

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1573. Induced niche shift as an anti-predator response for an endoparasitoid Full Text available with Trip Pro

. Thus, endoparasitoid larvae should be selected for response to host predation. In this study, aphids previously parasitized by the endoparasitoid Endaphis fugitiva, Gagné and Muratori (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae), were experimentally exposed to increased mortality risks. Both simulated attack and actual predator attacks against aphid hosts induced early emergence of the parasitoid larvae. Parasitoid emergence from the aphids occurred several minutes before the predator finished feeding on the aphid

2010 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

1574. Neurological manifestations of feline cuterebriasis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Neurological manifestations of feline cuterebriasis 20436872 2010 08 10 2018 11 13 0008-5286 51 2 2010 Feb The Canadian veterinary journal = La revue veterinaire canadienne Can. Vet. J. Neurological manifestations of feline cuterebriasis. 213-5 James Fiona M K FM Poma Roberto R eng Case Reports Journal Article Canada Can Vet J 0004653 0008-5286 IM Animals Cat Diseases parasitology Cats Diptera growth & development physiology Ectoparasitic Infestations complications diagnosis veterinary Female

2010 The Canadian Veterinary Journal

1575. Pre-Release Consumption of Methyl Eugenol Increases the Mating Competitiveness of Sterile Males of the Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, in Large Field Enclosures Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pre-Release Consumption of Methyl Eugenol Increases the Mating Competitiveness of Sterile Males of the Oriental Fruit Fly, Bactrocera dorsalis, in Large Field Enclosures The sterile insect technique may be implemented to control populations of the oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae), when environmental concerns preclude widespread use of chemical attractants or toxicants. The goal of the present study was to evaluate whether the mating competitiveness

2010 Journal of Insect Science

1576. Discovery of a Novel Insect Neuropeptide Signaling System Closely Related to the Insect Adipokinetic Hormone and Corazonin Hormonal Systems Full Text available with Trip Pro

and evolutionary selection, thereby yielding three independent hormonal systems. The ACP signaling system occurs in the mosquitoes A. gambiae, Aedes aegypti, and Culex pipiens (Diptera), the silkworm Bombyx mori (Lepidoptera), the red flour beetle Tribolium castaneum (Coleoptera), the parasitic wasp Nasonia vitripennis (Hymenoptera), and the bug Rhodnius prolixus (Hemiptera). However, the ACP system is not present in 12 Drosophila species (Diptera), the honeybee Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera), the pea aphid

2010 The Journal of biological chemistry

1577. Functional consequences of mutations in the Drosophila histamine receptor HCLB Full Text available with Trip Pro

Functional consequences of mutations in the Drosophila histamine receptor HCLB The gene hclB encodes a histamine-gated chloride channel subunit in Drosophila melanogaster. Mutations in hclB lead to defects in the visual system and altered sensitivity to the action of ivermectin. To investigate whether this member of the Cys-loop receptors is common across the Insecta, we analysed the genomes of seven other insect species (Diptera, Hymenoptera, Coleoptera) and revealed orthologues of hclB in all

2010 Journal of insect physiology

1578. Editorial Full Text available with Trip Pro

Editorial 20118125 2010 04 02 2018 11 13 2041-2657 9 1 2010 Jan Briefings in functional genomics Brief Funct Genomics Construction of gene/transcription regulatory networks. 1-3 10.1093/bfgp/elp061 Dailey Lisa L eng Editorial Introductory Journal Article England Brief Funct Genomics 101528229 2041-2649 IM Animals Diptera Gene Regulatory Networks genetics physiology Genome physiology Genomics methods Humans Mice Signal Transduction genetics Transcription, Genetic physiology 2010 2 2 6 0 2010 2 2

2010 Briefings in functional genomics

1579. 9-Genes Reinforce the Phylogeny of Holometabola and Yield Alternate Views on the Phylogenetic Placement of Strepsiptera Full Text available with Trip Pro

or as a close relative of beetles (order Coleoptera), as sister group of flies (order Diptera), or even outside of Holometabola.Here, we combine data from several recent studies with new data (for a total of 9 nuclear genes and approximately 13 kb of aligned data for 34 taxa), to help clarify the phylogenetic placement of Strepsiptera. Our results unequivocally support the monophyly of Neuropteroidea (=Neuropterida+Coleoptera)+Strepsiptera, but recover Strepsiptera either derived from within polyphagan

2010 PloS one

1580. Seasonal and Altitudinal Changes in Population Density of 20 Species of Drosophila in Chamundi Hill Full Text available with Trip Pro

Seasonal and Altitudinal Changes in Population Density of 20 Species of Drosophila in Chamundi Hill A year long study was conducted to analyze the altitudinal and seasonal variation in a population of Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) on Chamundi hill of Mysore, Karnataka State, India. A total of 16,671 Drosophila flies belonging to 20 species of 4 subgenera were collected at altitudes of 680 m, 780 m, 880 m and 980 m. The subgenus Sophophora was predominant with 14 species and the subgenus

2010 Journal of Insect Science

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