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Diptera

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121. First detection of Anopheles stephensi Liston, 1901 (Diptera: Culicidae) in Ethiopia using molecular and morphological approaches. Full Text available with Trip Pro

First detection of Anopheles stephensi Liston, 1901 (Diptera: Culicidae) in Ethiopia using molecular and morphological approaches. Malaria is a major public health concern in Ethiopia. With the increase in malaria cases in the Somali Region of Ethiopia, understanding the distribution and identifying the species of malaria vectors is vital to public health. Here we report the first detection of Anopheles stephensi in Ethiopia, a malaria vector typically found in the Middle East, the Indian

2018 Acta Tropica

122. Increased Adult Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) Abundance in a Dengue Transmission Hotspot, Compared to a Coldspot, within Kaohsiung City, Taiwan Full Text available with Trip Pro

Increased Adult Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) Abundance in a Dengue Transmission Hotspot, Compared to a Coldspot, within Kaohsiung City, Taiwan The assumption that vector abundance differences might drive spatial and temporal heterogeneities in vector-borne disease transmission is common, though data supporting it is scarce. Here, we present data from two common mosquito species Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus) and Culex quinquefasciatus Say, biweekly sampled as adults

2018 Insects

123. Trichocera maculipennis (Diptera)—an invasive species in Maritime Antarctica Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trichocera maculipennis (Diptera)—an invasive species in Maritime Antarctica Antarctica, with its severe conditions, is poor in terrestrial fauna species. However, an increase in human presence together with climate change may cause an influx of non-native species. Here we report a significant increase in colonized area of one of the few known invasive species to date in Antarctica. Non-native flies of Trichocera maculipennis have been recently observed in the Admiralty Bay area on King

2018 PeerJ

124. DEET Efficacy Increases With Age in the Vector Mosquitoes Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

DEET Efficacy Increases With Age in the Vector Mosquitoes Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Old mosquitoes are the most likely to transmit pathogens due to the higher probability that they will be exposed to pathogens, and the time required before a mosquito becomes infectious, the extrinsic incubation period (EIP). However, old mosquitoes are rarely considered in the evaluation of control tools. This study evaluated the effect of mosquito aging on the repellent (...) efficacy of N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide (DEET) in two vector mosquitoes, Anopheles gambiae s.s. (Giles) (Diptera: Culicidae) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) (Diptera: Culicidae), respective vectors of malaria parasites and arboviruses such as dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. For both mosquito species, DEET-induced inhibition of blood-feeding was assessed in three age classes. Life-history traits related to mosquito fecundity and survival following DEET exposure were also measured. Results showed

2018 Journal of medical entomology

125. Integrative taxonomy of the genus Pseudostegana (Diptera, Drosophilidae) from China, with descriptions of eleven new species Full Text available with Trip Pro

Integrative taxonomy of the genus Pseudostegana (Diptera, Drosophilidae) from China, with descriptions of eleven new species The genus Pseudostegana (Okada, 1978) currently contains thirty-nine described species. A number of Pseudostegana were collected from the fieldwork in southwestern China from 2010 to 2017. Eleven new species were discovered and are described from southwestern China: Pseudostegana alpina Zhang & Chen, sp. nov.; Pseudostegana amnicola Zhang & Chen, sp. nov.; Pseudostegana

2018 PeerJ

126. Molecular Identification of Leishmania Parasites in Sand Flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) of an Endemic Foci in Poldokhtar, Iran Full Text available with Trip Pro

Molecular Identification of Leishmania Parasites in Sand Flies (Diptera, Psychodidae) of an Endemic Foci in Poldokhtar, Iran Cutaneous leishmaniasis is one of the most important public health problems in many developing countries. Sand flies, as vectors, transmit infectious forms of the parasite to the vertebrate hosts. Poldokhtar, South West of Iran, is one of the endemic foci of diseases with a little information about it. In this paper, we have tried to gather some useful information

2018 Advanced biomedical research

127. Biology of Eumacronychia Townsend, with a redescription of E.persolla Reinhard, 1965 (Diptera, Sarcophagidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Biology of Eumacronychia Townsend, with a redescription of E.persolla Reinhard, 1965 (Diptera, Sarcophagidae) The biology of Eumacronychia Townsend is reviewed and Eumacronychiapersolla Reinhard, 1965 is redescribed. The male and female habitus as well as the male terminalia are documented with focus-stacked photographs, and features separating this species from all other species of Eumacronychia are discussed.

2018 ZooKeys

128. Correlation between adult pyrethroid resistance and knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) field populations in China Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correlation between adult pyrethroid resistance and knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) field populations in China Arboviral disease transmitted by Aedes albopictus such as dengue fever is an important threat to human health. Pyrethroid resistance raises a great challenge for mosquito control. A systematic assessment of Ae. albopictus resistance status in China is urgently needed, and the study of correlation between pyrethroid resistance and knockdown

2018 Infectious diseases of poverty

129. Sheep breed and shearing influences attraction and blood-feeding behaviour of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) on a UK farm Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sheep breed and shearing influences attraction and blood-feeding behaviour of Culicoides (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) on a UK farm Culicoides biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) are responsible for the biological transmission of arboviruses of international importance between ruminant livestock. These arboviruses include bluetongue virus (BTV) and Schmallenberg virus (SBV), which have emerged in unprecedented outbreaks in northern Europe. The impact of breed and shearing of sheep

2018 Parasites & vectors

130. Sublethal effects of a vapour-active pyrethroid, transfluthrin, on Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) fecundity and oviposition behaviour Full Text available with Trip Pro

Sublethal effects of a vapour-active pyrethroid, transfluthrin, on Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) fecundity and oviposition behaviour It is assumed that mosquitoes surviving exposure to spatial repellents when attempting to bite a host will not have significant adverse impacts on their downstream biology. Therefore, a critical knowledge gap is understanding the extent to which sublethal exposure to volatile pyrethroids may damage the performance of mosquitoes that survive

2018 Parasites & vectors

131. Predicting Geographic Distribution of Forensically Significant Blow Flies of Subfamily Chrysomyinae (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in Northern Thailand Full Text available with Trip Pro

Predicting Geographic Distribution of Forensically Significant Blow Flies of Subfamily Chrysomyinae (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in Northern Thailand Blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are carrion-breeding flies that are commonly used as evidence in forensic investigation. An adequate knowledge of ecological and geographical data of blow fly has a direct application in forensic science, as far as estimating time of colonization or corpse relocation. The aim of this study was to evaluate

2018 Insects

132. NGS barcoding reveals high resistance of a hyperdiverse chironomid (Diptera) swamp fauna against invasion from adjacent freshwater reservoirs Full Text available with Trip Pro

NGS barcoding reveals high resistance of a hyperdiverse chironomid (Diptera) swamp fauna against invasion from adjacent freshwater reservoirs Macroinvertebrates such as non-biting midges (Chironomidae: Diptera) are important components of freshwater ecosystems. However, they are often neglected in biodiversity and conservation research because invertebrate species richness is difficult and expensive to quantify with traditional methods. We here demonstrate that Next Generation Sequencing

2018 Frontiers in zoology

133. A new ecotoxicological test method for genetically modified plants and other stressors in soil with the black fungus gnat Bradysia impatiens (Diptera): current status of test development and dietary effects of azadirachtin on larval development and emerge Full Text available with Trip Pro

A new ecotoxicological test method for genetically modified plants and other stressors in soil with the black fungus gnat Bradysia impatiens (Diptera): current status of test development and dietary effects of azadirachtin on larval development and emerge Few suitable and standardized test methods are currently available to test the effects of genetically modified plants (GMP) on non-target organisms. To fill this gap and improve ecotoxicological testing for GMP, we developed a new soil (...) of GMP, but could include other stressors such as systemic pesticides or veterinary pharmaceuticals reaching the soil, e.g., via spreading manure. The use of sciarid flies as test organisms supports recommendations of EFSA, which stressed the ecological role of flies and encouraged including Diptera into test batteries.

2018 Environmental Sciences Europe

134. Population structure of a global agricultural invasive pest, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Population structure of a global agricultural invasive pest, Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera: Tephritidae) Bactrocera dorsalis, the Oriental fruit fly, is one of the world's most destructive agricultural insect pests and a major impediment to international fresh commodity trade. The genetic structuring of the species across its entire geographic range has never been undertaken, because under a former taxonomy B. dorsalis was divided into four distinct taxonomic entities, each with their own

2018 Evolutionary applications

135. RNA-seq analysis of gene expression changes during pupariation in Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

RNA-seq analysis of gene expression changes during pupariation in Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) The oriental fruit fly, Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) has been considered to be one of the most important agricultural pest around the world. As a holometabolous insect, larvae must go through a metamorphosis process with dramatic morphological and structural changes to complete their development. To better understand the molecular mechanisms of these changes, RNA-seq of B

2018 BMC genomics

136. Description of a new species of Mediotipula from Albania, with consideration of the eastern Mediterranean as a diversity hotspot (Diptera, Tipulidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Description of a new species of Mediotipula from Albania, with consideration of the eastern Mediterranean as a diversity hotspot (Diptera, Tipulidae) A new species of the TipulasubgenusMediotipula is described from the south-eastern part of Albania, south-eastern Europe. Morphologically, the new species is most similar to T. (M.) stigmatella Schummel, 1833, but differs mainly with respect to males, having a distinctly shaped posterior margin of tergite 9-10, a widened outer gonostylus

2018 ZooKeys

137. Wing morphometric variability in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from different urban built environments Full Text available with Trip Pro

Wing morphometric variability in Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae) from different urban built environments Aedes aegypti is the main vector of the dengue, Zika and several other arboviruses. It is highly adapted to urbanized environments and can be found worldwide. Mosquito population control is considered the best strategy for fighting mosquito-borne diseases, making an understanding of their population dynamics vital for the development of more effective vector control programs. This study

2018 Parasites & vectors

138. Identification of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae): an external quality assessment of medical entomology laboratories in the MediLabSecure Network Full Text available with Trip Pro

Identification of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae): an external quality assessment of medical entomology laboratories in the MediLabSecure Network Identification of vectors is of prime importance in the field of medical entomology for both operational and research purposes. An external quality assessment of mosquito identification capacities was carried out within the MediLabSecure Network, which is composed of laboratories located in 19 countries close to the European Union around

2018 Parasites & vectors

139. Effects of desiccation stress on adult female longevity in Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae): results of a systematic review and pooled survival analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of desiccation stress on adult female longevity in Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae): results of a systematic review and pooled survival analysis Transmission dynamics of mosquito-borne viruses such as dengue, Zika and chikungunya are affected by the longevity of the adult female mosquito. Environmental conditions influence the survival of adult female Aedes mosquitoes, the primary vectors of these viruses. While the association of temperature with Aedes mortality

2018 Parasites & vectors

140. Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) From Florida Transmitted Zika Virus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) From Florida Transmitted Zika Virus We report a laboratory colony of Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes were experimentally able to salivate Zika virus (ZIKV, Flaviviridae; Flavivirus) at 16 days post infection (dpi). ZIKV RNA was detected in bodies and in saliva deposited on filter paper cards with subsequent studies demonstrating the presence of live ZIKV in saliva.

2018 Frontiers in microbiology

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