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261. Diversity and altitudinal distribution of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in visceral leishmaniasis endemic areas of northwest Ethiopia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Diversity and altitudinal distribution of phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in visceral leishmaniasis endemic areas of northwest Ethiopia. The Leishmaniases are caused by the protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania and are transmitted to humans by the bite of infected female phlebotomine sand flies. Both visceral and cutaneous leishmaniases are widely distributed in different parts of Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to determine the diversity and altitudinal distribution

2017 Acta Tropica

262. Blood Meal Analysis of Phlebotomine Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) for <i>Leishmania</i> spp. Identification and Vertebrate Blood Origin, Central Tunisia, 2015-2016. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Blood Meal Analysis of Phlebotomine Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) for Leishmania spp. Identification and Vertebrate Blood Origin, Central Tunisia, 2015-2016. During the time periods of June 2015 and from July to August 2016, sandflies were collected among seven collection sites of the three leishmaniasis endemic villages of Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia. A total of 690 sandflies were captured and identified (380 males and 310 females). Four species belonging to genus Phlebotomus

2017 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

263. Ultrastructure of male genitalia of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of forensic importance. (Abstract)

Ultrastructure of male genitalia of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) of forensic importance. Male genitalia of blow flies (Diptera: Calliphoridae) are distinctive in their morphological features and are often used for species identification. The aim of this work was to investigate the male genitalia of blow flies of medical and forensic importance from Thailand at the ultrastructural level, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Flies in two subfamilies were examined: Chrysomyinae

2017 Acta Tropica

264. Susceptibility status of wild population of <i>Phlebotomus sergenti</i> (Diptera: Psychodidae) to different imagicides in a endemic focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in northeast of Iran. (Abstract)

Susceptibility status of wild population of Phlebotomus sergenti (Diptera: Psychodidae) to different imagicides in a endemic focus of cutaneous leishmaniasis in northeast of Iran. Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) transmit several important zoonotic diseases to humans and leishmaniasis is one of them. Two types of leishmaniasis, viz. visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) are endemic in Iran. The main vector of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL

2017 Journal of Vector Borne Disease

265. Hierarchical dynamics influence the distribution of immature black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). (Abstract)

Hierarchical dynamics influence the distribution of immature black flies (Diptera: Simuliidae). Adult black flies (Simuliidae) are medically important insects and they are the sole vector of Onchocerca volvulus. Immature black flies are major components of aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblages in streams and play a vital role in nutrient dynamics. In this study, we examined effect of hierarchical dynamics (spatio-temporal pattern) on the distribution of immature black flies in South Indian

2017 Acta Tropica

266. LARVICIDAL AND PUPICIDAL ACTIVITIES OF CRUDE AND FRACTIONATED EXTRACTS OF ACACIA PENNATA (L.) WILLD. SUBSP INSUAVIS SHOOT TIPS AGAINST AEDES AEGYPTI (L.) (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE). (Abstract)

LARVICIDAL AND PUPICIDAL ACTIVITIES OF CRUDE AND FRACTIONATED EXTRACTS OF ACACIA PENNATA (L.) WILLD. SUBSP INSUAVIS SHOOT TIPS AGAINST AEDES AEGYPTI (L.) (DIPTERA: CULICIDAE). Acacia pennata subsp insuavis, or Cha-om in Thai, is a common vegetable found in Thailand. It has been used as a medicinal herb for a long time. From the literature, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and anti-helminthic activities were reported. In this study, we investigated two new actions of this plant

2017 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

267. DERMAL MYIASIS CAUSED BY THE FLESH FLY, PARASARCOPHAGA (LIOSARCOPHAGA) DUX (THOMSON, 1869) (DIPTERA: SARCOPHAGIDAE) AT THE SITE OF A MALIGNANT MELANOMA: A CASE REPORT. (Abstract)

DERMAL MYIASIS CAUSED BY THE FLESH FLY, PARASARCOPHAGA (LIOSARCOPHAGA) DUX (THOMSON, 1869) (DIPTERA: SARCOPHAGIDAE) AT THE SITE OF A MALIGNANT MELANOMA: A CASE REPORT. Dermal myiasis due to the flesh fly has not been commonly reported in Thailand. A 64-year-old man came to the hospital with a 6-month history of a black tumor on the dorsum of the right great toe. The tumor was biopsied and determined to be a malignant melanoma. Second instar larvae were also seen in the wound and one larva (...) was reared until the adult stage wherein it was identified as the flesh fly, Parasarcophaga (Liosarcophaga) dux (Thomson, 1869) (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). This case shows myiasis due to synanthropic sarcophagid flies occurs in Thailand and can occur in a malignant melanoma.

2017 Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health

268. Does Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) play any role in Usutu virus transmission in Northern Italy? Experimental oral infection and field evidences. (Abstract)

Does Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) play any role in Usutu virus transmission in Northern Italy? Experimental oral infection and field evidences. This study evaluated the vector competence of Aedes albopictus in transmitting USUV after oral infection under laboratory conditions. Ae. albopictus showed a low vector competence for USUV, although the positive body sample found with a very high number of viral copies at one week post infection indicates that a replication in the mosquito body

2017 Acta Tropica

269. Insecticidal activity of Stemona collinsiae root extract against Parasarcophaga ruficornis (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). (Abstract)

Insecticidal activity of Stemona collinsiae root extract against Parasarcophaga ruficornis (Diptera: Sarcophagidae). In Thai indigenous knowledge, Stemona plant has traditionally been used as insecticide on plantations. Recently, S. collinsiae extract was showed to be an anti-feedant and growth inhibitor and to exert strong insecticidal activity. Here, the insecticidal activity of S. collinsiae root extract against Parasarcophaga ruficornis is studied. The larvicidal and pupicidal activities

2017 Acta Tropica

270. The Genetic Basis of Natural Variation in Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) Virgin Egg Retention Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Genetic Basis of Natural Variation in Drosophila (Diptera: Drosophilidae) Virgin Egg Retention Drosophila melanogaster is able to thrive in harsh northern climates through adaptations in life-history traits and physiological mechanisms that allow for survival through the winter. We examined the genetic basis of natural variation in one such trait, female virgin egg retention, which was previously shown to vary clinally and seasonally. To further our understanding of the genetic basis

2017 Journal of Insect Science

271. Augmenting Laboratory Rearing of Stable Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Larvae With Ammoniacal Salts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Augmenting Laboratory Rearing of Stable Fly (Diptera: Muscidae) Larvae With Ammoniacal Salts Stable flies are blood feeding parasites and serious pests of livestock. The immature stages develop in decaying materials which frequently have high ammonium content. We added various ammonium salts to our laboratory stable fly rearing medium and measured their effect on size and survival as well as the physical properties of the used media. The addition of ammonium hydroxide, ammonium phosphate

2017 Journal of Insect Science

272. Baby Killers: Documentation and Evolution of Scuttle Fly (Diptera: Phoridae) Parasitism of Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Brood Full Text available with Trip Pro

Baby Killers: Documentation and Evolution of Scuttle Fly (Diptera: Phoridae) Parasitism of Ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) Brood Numerous well-documented associations occur among species of scuttle flies (Diptera: Phoridae) and ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae), but examples of brood parasitism are rare and the mechanisms of parasitism often remain unsubstantiated.We present two video-documented examples of ant brood (larvae and pupae) parasitism by scuttle flies. In footage from Estação Biológica

2017 Biodiversity Data Journal

273. Laboratory Bioassays with Three Different Substrates to Test the Efficacy of Insecticides against Various Stages of Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Laboratory Bioassays with Three Different Substrates to Test the Efficacy of Insecticides against Various Stages of Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae) Rapid worldwide spread and polyphagous nature of the spotted wing Drosophila Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae) calls for efficient and selective control strategies to prevent severe economic losses in various fruit crops. The use of insecticides is one option for management of this invasive pest insect. Efficacy

2017 Journal of Insect Science

274. Fungi Isolated From House Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on Penned Cattle in South Texas Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fungi Isolated From House Flies (Diptera: Muscidae) on Penned Cattle in South Texas Musca domestica L. were collected from cattle diagnosed with bovine ringworm to evaluate the potential of the house fly to disseminate Trichophyton verrucosum E. Bodin, a fungal dermatophyte that is the causative agent for ringworm in cattle. Fungal isolates were cultured from 45 individual flies on supplemented Sabouraud dextrose agar, and isolates were identified using morphological and microscopic approaches

2017 Journal of medical entomology

275. Wound Myiasis Caused by Sarcophaga (Liopygia) Argyrostoma (Robineau-Desvoidy) (Diptera: Sarcophagidae): Additional Evidences of the Morphological Identification Dilemma and Molecular Investigation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Wound Myiasis Caused by Sarcophaga (Liopygia) Argyrostoma (Robineau-Desvoidy) (Diptera: Sarcophagidae): Additional Evidences of the Morphological Identification Dilemma and Molecular Investigation In Mediterranean countries, Sarcophaga (Liopygia) crassipalpis, Sarcophaga (L.) argyrostoma, and Sarcophaga (L.) cultellata share the same ecological niche and can be responsible of myiasis. In this study, the main morphological characters of a larva found in a hospitalized woman were described

2017 The Scientific World Journal

276. Isolation and genetic characterization of Lysinibacillus sphaericus strains found in mosquito larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Isolation and genetic characterization of Lysinibacillus sphaericus strains found in mosquito larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) Lysinibacillus sphaericus is a highly effective and specific bioinsecticide used for the control of Culicidae larvae.This study aimed to identify and characterize L. sphaericus strains isolated from Culex quinquefasciatus larvae in Brazil.C. quinquefasciatus larvae were collected from streams in the urban area of São Paulo state. L. sphaericus strains were identified through

2017 Research and reports in tropical medicine

277. Parasites of parasites of bats: Laboulbeniales (Fungi: Ascomycota) on bat flies (Diptera: Nycteribiidae) in central Europe Full Text available with Trip Pro

Parasites of parasites of bats: Laboulbeniales (Fungi: Ascomycota) on bat flies (Diptera: Nycteribiidae) in central Europe Bat flies (Streblidae and Nycteribiidae) are among the most specialized families of the order Diptera. Members of these two related families have an obligate ectoparasitic lifestyle on bats, and they are known disease vectors for their hosts. However, bat flies have their own ectoparasites: fungi of the order Laboulbeniales. In Europe, members of the Nycteribiidae

2017 Parasites & vectors

278. Functional Validation of Apoptosis Genes IAP1 and DRONC in Midgut Tissue of the Biting Midge Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) by RNAi Full Text available with Trip Pro

Functional Validation of Apoptosis Genes IAP1 and DRONC in Midgut Tissue of the Biting Midge Culicoides sonorensis (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) by RNAi Culicoides biting midges transmit multiple ruminant viruses, including bluetongue virus and epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus, causing significant economic burden worldwide. To further enhance current control techniques, understanding vector-virus interactions within the midge is critical. We developed previously a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA

2017 Journal of medical entomology

279. Genetic diversity and population structure of the primary malaria vector Anopheles sinensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in China inferred by cox1 gene Full Text available with Trip Pro

Genetic diversity and population structure of the primary malaria vector Anopheles sinensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in China inferred by cox1 gene Anopheles sinensis is a primary vector for Plasmodium vivax malaria in most regions of China. A comprehensive understanding of genetic variation and structure of the mosquito would be of benefit to the vector control and in a further attempt to contribute to malaria elimination in China. However, there is only inadequate population genetic data

2017 Parasites & vectors

280. A Role of Corazonin Receptor in Larval-Pupal Transition and Pupariation in the Oriental Fruit Fly Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Role of Corazonin Receptor in Larval-Pupal Transition and Pupariation in the Oriental Fruit Fly Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) Corazonin (Crz) is a neuropeptide hormone, but also a neuropeptide modulator that is internally released within the CNS, and it has a widespread distribution in insects with diverse physiological functions. Here, we identified and cloned the cDNAs of Bactrocera dorsalis that encode Crz and its receptor CrzR. Mature BdCrz has 11 residues

2017 Frontiers in physiology

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