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181. Urbanization as a driver for temporal wing-shape variation in Anopheles cruzii (Diptera: Culicidae). (Abstract)

Urbanization as a driver for temporal wing-shape variation in Anopheles cruzii (Diptera: Culicidae). Anopheles cruzii is the main vector of human and simian malaria in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest. This biome, which is an important hotspot of malaria transmission, has suffered fragmentation and deforestation as a result of urban expansion. Fragmentation and deforestation occur continually in the south of the city of São Paulo, Brazil, and findings of An. cruzii in the peridomicile have

2018 Acta Tropica

182. In vitro evaluation of the association of medicinal larvae (Insecta, Diptera, Calliphoridae) and topical agents conventionally used for the treatment of wounds. (Abstract)

In vitro evaluation of the association of medicinal larvae (Insecta, Diptera, Calliphoridae) and topical agents conventionally used for the treatment of wounds. Wound healing is a complex process involving multiple biochemical and cellular events and represents a neglected public health issue. As a consequence, millions of people worldwide suffer from chronic wounds. The search for new treatment alternatives is therefore an important issue. In the context of wound healing, Maggot Debridement (...) Therapy (MDT) is an inexpensive treatment with few contraindications and very promising results. This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro feasibility and implications of larvae (= MDT) use when combined with topical agents as a strategy to identify additive or synergistic combinations. The weight and survival rate of Cochliomyia macellaria (Fabricius) (Insecta, Diptera, Calliphoridae) larvae reared in an in vitro wound with either honey, hydrogel, 10% papain gel, essential fatty acids (EFA

2018 Acta Tropica

183. Field performance of a low cost, simple-to-build, non-motorized Light-Emitting Diode (LED) trap for capturing adult Anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). (Abstract)

Field performance of a low cost, simple-to-build, non-motorized Light-Emitting Diode (LED) trap for capturing adult Anopheles mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). In this paper, a non-powered trap equipped with light-emitting diodes (LEDs) designed for capturing small night-flying insects was field-evaluated for sampling anopheline mosquitoes. This new light trap, referred to as the Silva trap, was compared with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) miniature light trap

2018 Acta Tropica

184. DISTRIBUTION OF BLACK FLIES (DIPTERA: SIMULIIDAE) ALONG AN ELEVATIONAL GRADIENT IN THE ANDES MOUNTAINS OF COLOMBIA DURING THE EL NIÑO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION. (Abstract)

DISTRIBUTION OF BLACK FLIES (DIPTERA: SIMULIIDAE) ALONG AN ELEVATIONAL GRADIENT IN THE ANDES MOUNTAINS OF COLOMBIA DURING THE EL NIÑO SOUTHERN OSCILLATION. Vector ecology is a key factor in understanding the transmission of disease agents, with each species having an optimal range of environmental requirements. Scarce data, however, are available for how interactions of local and broad-scale climate phenomena, such as seasonality and the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO), affect simuliids. We

2018 Acta Tropica

185. The effects of ingestion of hormonal host factors on the longevity and insecticide resistance phenotype of the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae). Full Text available with Trip Pro

The effects of ingestion of hormonal host factors on the longevity and insecticide resistance phenotype of the major malaria vector Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae). Exogenous vertebrate-derived factors circulating in the blood have the capacity to modulate the biology of haematophagous insects. These include insulin, insulin growth factor 1 (IGF) and transforming growth factor β1 (TGFβ). The effects of the consumption of these three proteins were examined on laboratory strains

2017 PLoS ONE

186. A new black fly species of Simulium (Nevermannia) (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Vietnam. (Abstract)

A new black fly species of Simulium (Nevermannia) (Diptera: Simuliidae) from Vietnam. Simulium pumatense sp. nov. is described from Vietnam, and is placed in the Simulium feuerborni species-group of the subgenus Simulium (Nevermannia) Enderlein. Its morphological characteristics include the relatively smaller numbers of the following three numerical features: inner teeth of the female mandible (15-18), minute conical processes (16) on the female cibarium, and male upper-eye facets (in 15

2018 Acta Tropica

187. The uses of Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, 1794) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in forensic entomology Full Text available with Trip Pro

The uses of Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, 1794) (Diptera: Calliphoridae) in forensic entomology Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius, 1794) occurs on every continent and is closely associated with carrion and decaying material in human environments. Its abilities to find dead bodies and carry pathogens give it a prominence in human affairs that may involve prosecution or litigation, and therefore forensic entomologists. The identification, geographical distribution and biology of the species

2018 Forensic sciences research

188. A brief review of forensically important flesh flies (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

A brief review of forensically important flesh flies (Diptera: Sarcophagidae) Forensic entomology could provide valuable data for the minimum postmortem interval (PMImin) estimation and other relevant information, such as causes and circumstances of death. Some representatives of flesh flies are one of the dominant necrophagous insects during early stages of decomposition, demonstrating unique biological characteristics compared with other necrophagous flies. Moreover, they lead to global

2018 Forensic sciences research

189. Chrysomya chani Kurahashi (Diptera: Calliphoridae), a blow fly species of forensic importance: morphological characters of the third larval instar and a case report from Thailand Full Text available with Trip Pro

Chrysomya chani Kurahashi (Diptera: Calliphoridae), a blow fly species of forensic importance: morphological characters of the third larval instar and a case report from Thailand Blow flies are worldwide the most important insects from a forensic point of view. In Thailand, aside from the two most common species, Chrysomya megacephala (F.) and Chrysomya rufifacies (Macquart), Chrysomya chani Kurahashi was also found to be of forensic importance. We present a case of a human female cadaver

2018 Forensic sciences research

190. Description of a new species of Dacus from Sri Lanka, and new country distribution records (Diptera, Tephritidae, Dacinae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Description of a new species of Dacus from Sri Lanka, and new country distribution records (Diptera, Tephritidae, Dacinae) A fruit fly survey in the Sinharaja and Knuckles National Parks in Sri Lanka (2016), using traps baited with the male lures methyl eugenol, cue-lure, and zingerone, yielded 21 species of Dacini fruit flies. Of these, three species, viz. Bactroceraamarambalensis Drew, B.dongnaiae Drew & Romig, and B.rubigina (Wang & Zhao), are new country occurrence records, and Dacus

2018 ZooKeys

191. The Role of Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) in Virus Transmission in Europe Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Role of Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) in Virus Transmission in Europe Over the past three decades, a range of mosquito-borne viruses that threaten public and veterinary health have emerged or re-emerged in Europe. Mosquito surveillance activities have highlighted the Culex pipiens species complex as being critical for the maintenance of a number of these viruses. This species complex contains morphologically similar forms that exhibit variation in phenotypes that can influence

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

192. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Greek Aegean Islands: ecological approaches Full Text available with Trip Pro

Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in the Greek Aegean Islands: ecological approaches Blood-sucking phlebotomine sand flies are the vectors of the protozoan parasites Leishmania spp. Different Phlebotomus species transmit different Leishmania species causing leishmaniases which are neglected diseases emerging/reemerging in new regions. Thirteen sand fly species, ten belonging to the medically important genus Phlebotomus and three belonging to Sergentomyia are known in Greece

2018 Parasites & vectors

193. Evidence of Adaptive Evolution and Relaxed Constraints in Sex-Biased Genes of South American and West Indies Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evidence of Adaptive Evolution and Relaxed Constraints in Sex-Biased Genes of South American and West Indies Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) Several studies have demonstrated that genes differentially expressed between sexes (sex-biased genes) tend to evolve faster than unbiased genes, particularly in males. The reason for this accelerated evolution is not clear, but several explanations have involved adaptive and nonadaptive mechanisms. Furthermore, the differences of sex-biased expression

2018 Genome biology and evolution

194. The characterization of the circadian clock in the olive fly Bactrocera oleae (Diptera: Tephritidae) reveals a Drosophila-like organization Full Text available with Trip Pro

The characterization of the circadian clock in the olive fly Bactrocera oleae (Diptera: Tephritidae) reveals a Drosophila-like organization The olive fruit fly, Bactrocera oleae, is the single most important pest for the majority of olive plantations. Oxitec's self-limiting olive fly technology (OX3097D-Bol) offers an alternative management approach to this insect pest. Because of previously reported asynchrony in the mating time of wild and laboratory strains, we have characterized the olive

2018 Scientific reports

195. A global checklist of the 932 fruit fly species in the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

A global checklist of the 932 fruit fly species in the tribe Dacini (Diptera, Tephritidae) The correct application of the scientific names of species is neither easy nor trivial. Mistakes can lead to the wrong interpretation of research results or, when pest species are involved, inappropriate regulations and limits on trade, and possibly quarantine failures that permit the invasion of new pest species. Names are particularly challenging to manage when groups of organisms encompass a large

2018 ZooKeys

196. Life‐history traits and physiological limits of the alpine fly Drosophila nigrosparsa (Diptera: Drosophilidae): A comparative study Full Text available with Trip Pro

Life‐history traits and physiological limits of the alpine fly Drosophila nigrosparsa (Diptera: Drosophilidae): A comparative study Interspecific variation in life-history traits and physiological limits can be linked to the environmental conditions species experience, including climatic conditions. As alpine environments are particularly vulnerable under climate change, we focus on the montane-alpine fly Drosophila nigrosparsa. Here, we characterized some of its life-history traits

2018 Ecology and evolution

197. Ecological characterisation and infection of Anophelines (Diptera: Culicidae) of the Atlantic Forest in the southeast of Brazil over a 10 year period: has the behaviour of the autochthonous malaria vector changed? Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ecological characterisation and infection of Anophelines (Diptera: Culicidae) of the Atlantic Forest in the southeast of Brazil over a 10 year period: has the behaviour of the autochthonous malaria vector changed? BACKGROUND In southeastern Brazil, autochthonous cases of malaria can be found near Atlantic Forest fragments. Because the transmission cycle has not been completely clarified, the behaviour of the possible vectors in those regions must be observed. A study concerning (...) the entomological aspects and natural infection of anophelines (Diptera: Culicidae) captured in the municipalities of the mountainous region of Espírito Santo state was performed in 2004 and 2005. Similarly, between 2014 and 2015, 12 monthly collections were performed at the same area of the study mentioned above. METHODS Center for Disease Control (CDC) light traps with CO2 were set in open areas, at the edge and inside of the forest (canopy and ground), whereas Shannon traps were set on the edge. FINDINGS

2018 Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz

198. A conserved motif within cox 2 allows broad detection of economically important fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) Full Text available with Trip Pro

A conserved motif within cox 2 allows broad detection of economically important fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) The genera Anastrepha, Bactrocera, Ceratitis, Dacus and Rhagoletis in the family Tephritidae order Diptera are economically important, worldwide distributed and cause damage to a large number of commercially produced fruits and vegetables. China had regulated these five genera as quarantine pests, including the species Carpomya vesuviana. An accurate molecular method not depending (...) on morphology able to detect all the quarantine fruit flies simultaneously is required for quarantine monitoring. This study contributes a comparative analysis of 146 mitochondrial genomes of Diptera species and found variable sites at the mt DNA cox2 gene only conserved in economically important fruit flies species. Degenerate primers (TephFdeg/TephR) were designed specific for the economically important fruit flies. A 603 bp fragment was amplified after testing each of the 40 selected representative

2018 Scientific reports

199. Communication in necrophagous Diptera larvae: interspecific effect of cues left behind by maggots and implications in their aggregation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Communication in necrophagous Diptera larvae: interspecific effect of cues left behind by maggots and implications in their aggregation Necrophagous Calliphoridae breed in vertebrate carrion. Their larvae aggregate and form large masses of individuals. These aggregated larvae can reach adulthood faster than scattered larvae, increasing their chances of survival. Furthermore, the gathering of larvae of different species suggests possible interspecific aggregation vectors. In this context

2018 Scientific reports

200. Effects of Varying Photoperiodic Regimens on Critical Biological Fitness Traits of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquito Vector Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effects of Varying Photoperiodic Regimens on Critical Biological Fitness Traits of Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) Mosquito Vector This study investigated the effects of varying photoperiodic conditions on critical life stages' parameters of Culex quinquefasciatus. To this end, first larval stage was reared under different constant photoperiodic regimens: 0, 6 (short), 12 (equal), 13 (prevailing condition), and 18 and 24 (long) hours of light (hL). Duration of development

2018 International journal of insect science

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