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101. Efficacy of local anesthetic agents on the success of inferior alveolar nerve block during surgical extraction of mandibular teeth: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Efficacy of local anesthetic agents on the success of inferior alveolar nerve block during surgical extraction of mandibular teeth: a systematic review and network meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability (...) graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured at multiple time points, data from the time point where efficacy is highest will be included. ">Methods for data extraction Example: Experimental groups, control group(s) and number of animals per group. ">Data to be extracted: study design Example: Species, sex, weight, age, co‐morbidity, anaesthetic agent used, method

2019 PROSPERO

102. Uniform Labeling of Blocks and Slides in Surgical Pathology

volunteered their time and were not compensated for their involvement. Please see the supplemental digital content for full details on the conflict of interest policy. Objective The panel addressed the overarching question, “What are the essential elements for the proper labeling of paraffin blocks and microscopic slides in the routine practice of surgical pathology?” The key questions are as follows: 1 What are the unique patient identifiers required for the unambiguous labeling of blocks and slides? 2 (...) ) for included articles were also reviewed. (Please see the supplemental digital content for the complete literature search strategy.) Inclusion Criteria Published studies were selected for full-text review if they met each of the following criteria: 1 Surgical pathology studies 2 Original research addressing the labeling of blocks and/or microscopic slides 3 English-language articles of any study design 4 Animal and human studies Exclusion Criteria Studies that did not include original data regarding

2015 College of American Pathologists

103. Tumescent technique in digits: a subcutaneous single-injection digital block. (PubMed)

Tumescent technique in digits: a subcutaneous single-injection digital block. A modified subcutaneous single-injection approach to achieve digital block using a tumescent technique is described.A convenient sample of patients requiring digital anesthesia for minor surgical procedures on the fingers or thumb in the emergency and plastic departments were enrolled into the study. Digital nerve block was performed by injecting 1% lidocaine into the volar subcutaneous space at the proximal digit (...) to create a firm, turgid feel to the tissue, the so-called tumescent state. The volume of anesthetic was based on the size of the digit. All nerve blocks were performed by 1 surgeon. Successful digital anesthesia was defined as complete loss of pinprick sensation on both the dorsal and volar aspects of the digit and the ability to complete the anticipated minor surgical procedure without pain. All patients were followed for 1 month to assess for adverse events.Between August 2009 and January 2011, 123

2011 American Journal of Emergency Medicine

104. Comparing the Accuracy of Digital Radiography (DR), MDCT and CBCT in Detecting Vertical Root Fractures (VRF)

Comparing the Accuracy of Digital Radiography (DR), MDCT and CBCT in Detecting Vertical Root Fractures (VRF) UTCAT2320, Found CAT view, CRITICALLY APPRAISED TOPICs University: | | ORAL HEALTH EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE PROGRAM View the CAT / Title Comparing the Accuracy of Digital Radiography (DR), MDCT and CBCT in Detecting Vertical Root Fractures (VRF) Clinical Question What is the most accurate diagnostic imaging technique in detecting VRF in present or absent of gutta-percha root filling (...) Study type (level of evidence) #1) Da Silveira/2013 100 teeth In-Vitro analysis Key results In presence of gutta-percha CBCT was significantly higher than DR(P = 0.009), but MDCT was significantly higher than that of CBCT and DR(P Evidence Search Vertical root fracture AND CBCT Comments on The Evidence In these in-vitro studies, VRF was produced artificially and they used acrylic resin blocks to keep the fractured segments close to each other but, in In the clinical situation, tooth are surrounded

2012 UTHSCSA Dental School CAT Library

105. Efficacy of midazolam addition to local anesthetic in peribulbar block : Randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

Efficacy of midazolam addition to local anesthetic in peribulbar block : Randomized controlled trial. Peribulbar block is considered a safe option for patients undergoing cataract surgery. The limited duration of regional eye blocks was shown to be the main problem. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of adjuvant midazolam (in two concentrations) to lidocaine in the peribulbar block.This study included 90 adult patients aged 40-70 years undergoing cataract surgery. Each (...) patient was appointed to one of three groups. Group C received a single injection of a peribulbar block using a combination of lidocaine 2% and hyaluronidase 15 IU/ml, group M1 received a combination of lidocaine 2%, hyaluronidase 15 IU/ml plus midazolam 50 µg/ml and group M2 received lidocaine 2%, hyaluronidase 15 IU/ml plus midazolam 100 µg/ml.The quality of the peribulbar block showed significant improvement among groups by one-way ANOVA (p = 0.002). The mean onset time of the sensory block

2019 Der Anaesthesist Controlled trial quality: uncertain

106. Evaluation of the iPACK block injectate spread: a cadaveric study. (PubMed)

Evaluation of the iPACK block injectate spread: a cadaveric study. Ultrasound-guided infiltration of the interspace between the popliteal artery and capsule of the knee (iPACK) block, a new regional analgesic technique, is believed to relieve posterior knee pain, after total knee arthroplasty, by targeting the articular branches innervating posterior aspect of the joint. The extent of injectate spread and the number of articular branches affected is currently unknown. This cadaveric study aimed (...) to compare the area of dye spread and frequency of articular branches staining following a proximal versus distal injection technique.An ultrasound-guided iPACK injection (10 mL of methylene blue dye solution) was performed in 14 lightly embalmed specimens: 7 injected using a proximal injection technique (1 fingerbreadth above base of patella) and 7 using a distal injection technique (at the superior border of the femoral condyles). Following injection, dissection, digitization, and 3D modeling were

2019 Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine

107. Independent associations of blood pressure and body mass index with interatrial block: a cross-sectional study in general Chinese population. (PubMed)

Independent associations of blood pressure and body mass index with interatrial block: a cross-sectional study in general Chinese population. This current study was performed to characterise the independent associations of obesity and hypertension with interatrial block (IAB) after adjusting for cardiovascular risk factors, echocardiographic left atrial diameter (LAD) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in a large general Chinese population.A cross-sectional study.A total of 11 956 permanent (...) residents (≥35 years of age) from Liaoning Province in China were included in this study. Following the completion of a questionnaire, the enrolled participants were subjected to physical examinations, laboratory analyses, ECG and echocardiogram. Linear and logistic regression analyses were performed to evaluate the associations of hypertension and obesity with IAB.IAB was defined as a prolongation of the P wave duration ≥120 ms on a digital 12-lead ECG.The prevalence of IAB in hypertensive individuals

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2019 BMJ open

108. Thermochromic nail polish as a novel indicator to predict infraclavicular brachial plexus block success: A prospective cohort study. (PubMed)

was photographed immediately after application of nail polish and at 30 min after performing the block. The digital photographs of each patient were evaluated by observers. To evaluate the validity of the colour change in nail polish in predicting a successful IBPB, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values and positive and negative likelihood ratios were estimated.The positive predictive value for colour change in thermochromic nail polish predicting a successful IBPB was 96% [95 (...) Thermochromic nail polish as a novel indicator to predict infraclavicular brachial plexus block success: A prospective cohort study. Skin temperature measurements after peripheral nerve block can be used as an easy and objective method to help predict block success. Thermochromic nail polishes are popular cosmetic products especially among young women. The colour change of nail polish is based on a thermochromic reaction as the temperature changes.The aim of this study was to test

2019 European Journal of Anaesthesiology

109. Skin perfusion and pain evaluation with different local anaesthetics in a double blind randomized study following digital nerve block anaesthesia. (PubMed)

Skin perfusion and pain evaluation with different local anaesthetics in a double blind randomized study following digital nerve block anaesthesia. Supplementing a local anaesthetic with epinephrine has advantages in hand surgery: faster onset of anaesthesia, extended effect of anaesthetics with prolonged pain reduction, decreased bleeding into the operative field, and abandoned need for tourniquet. We hypothesized that the use of ropivacaine with epinephrine additive in digits allows good skin (...) perfusion rates with prolonged pain reduction.In this prospective, double-blinded, randomized study with 20 volunteers (80 fingers, without operation) the chronological course of changes in digit blood flow, post injection pain status and complication rates after two-injection dorsal technique anaesthetic block with ropivacaine (group 1: ropivacaine 0.75%, group 2: ropivacaine 0.75% and epinephrine 1 : 1.000.000, group 3: local tumescent anaesthesia 0.15% TLA: ropivacaine, lidocaine, saline solution

2013 Clinical hemorheology and microcirculation Controlled trial quality: uncertain

110. Bupivacaine digital blocks: how long is the pain relief and temperature elevation? (PubMed)

Bupivacaine digital blocks: how long is the pain relief and temperature elevation? The goals of this study are threefold: (1) to determine what effect epinephrine has on the duration of bupivacaine finger block anesthesia; (2) to see whether the duration of action of bupivacaine on digital pain relief is the same duration as numbness to touch/pressure; and (3) to assess the fingertip temperature changes that result from bupivacaine digital blocks.The ring fingers of both hands of 44 volunteers (...) were randomized to injection of bupivacaine with or without 1:200,000 epinephrine. The durations of time for digits to return to normal pain, touch, pressure sensation, and fingertip temperature were measured and recorded.There were three main findings: (1) the pain block of bupivacaine lasts only half as long (15 hours) as the return to normal sensation (30 hours); (2) the effect of adding epinephrine to bupivacaine prolongs the duration of pain relief in a finger block for only an additional 1.5

2013 Plastic and reconstructive surgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

111. Outcomes of emergency nurse-administered digital blocks in a community hospital emergency department. (PubMed)

Outcomes of emergency nurse-administered digital blocks in a community hospital emergency department. Digital blocks are traditionally performed by physicians, physician assistants, and nurse practitioners. Procedures manuals emphasize that digital blocks are usually performed by a physician or an advanced practice nurse. In our community hospital, emergency nurses have performed digital blocks according to protocol for the past 30 years without known complications or diminished patient (...) satisfaction. The goal of this study was to validate the effectiveness, safety, and patient satisfaction of emergency nurse-administered digital block.Retrospective and prospective study designs were used. The retrospective arm included telephone interviews of patients who received a digital block between January 2011 and April 2012. The response rate for the retrospective survey was 23% (n = 30). The prospective arm included telephone interviews of patients who received a digital block between May 2012

2014 Journal of Emergency Nursing

112. Comparison of local anesthetics for digital nerve blocks: a systematic review. (PubMed)

Comparison of local anesthetics for digital nerve blocks: a systematic review. To evaluate the time to onset of anesthesia, duration of anesthesia, and pain on injection of local anesthetics.A systematic search of the English literature was performed of the Medline, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, The Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases. The study selection process was adapted from (...) the need for postprocedural anesthesia. Ropivacaine likely provides the longest duration of anesthesia but the absence of epinephrine means a tourniquet must be used to create a bloodless field and thus is contraindicated in some procedures such as flexor tendon repairs where active testing may be required.Lidocaine with epinephrine, bupivacaine with epinephrine, and ropivacaine all provide benefits in digital nerve blocks. The surgeon may choose the most appropriate local anesthetic or combination

2014 Journal of Hand Surgery - American

113. Systematic review and meta-analysis of anesthesia effect of perineural nalbuphine on neuraxial and peripheral nerve block

Systematic review and meta-analysis of anesthesia effect of perineural nalbuphine on neuraxial and peripheral nerve block Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case

2018 PROSPERO

114. The comparative effectiveness of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block versus general anesthesia in autologous breast reconstruction for breast cancer treatment or prophylaxis: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The comparative effectiveness of transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block versus general anesthesia in autologous breast reconstruction for breast cancer treatment or prophylaxis: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated (...) . No metastases/ only primary tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data

2018 PROSPERO

115. The functional recovery profile of peripheral nerve block versus general anesthesia for upper limb surgery: a systematic review

The functional recovery profile of peripheral nerve block versus general anesthesia for upper limb surgery: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne (...) . Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts

2018 PROSPERO

116. Paravertebral blocks (PVB) for alloplastic breast reconstruction: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Paravertebral blocks (PVB) for alloplastic breast reconstruction: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web (...) in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured

2018 PROSPERO

117. Local anesthesia - a network meta-analysis on adjuvants to nerve blocks and their effects

Local anesthesia - a network meta-analysis on adjuvants to nerve blocks and their effects Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing (...) text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case an outcome is measured

2018 PROSPERO

118. Effect of transversus abdominis plane block in urological procedures: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Effect of transversus abdominis plane block in urological procedures: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation (...) analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case

2018 PROSPERO

119. The efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block in the reduction of pain, and the requirement for opioids in laparoscopic and robot-assisted hysterectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The efficacy of transversus abdominis plane block in the reduction of pain, and the requirement for opioids in laparoscopic and robot-assisted hysterectomy: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external (...) tumor 4. No control group 5. Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported

2018 PROSPERO

120. Efficacy of local anaesthetic agents on the success of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block in patients with Irreversible Pulpitis: a systematic review and network meta-analysis

Efficacy of local anaesthetic agents on the success of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block in patients with Irreversible Pulpitis: a systematic review and network meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (...) . Combination therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact

2018 PROSPERO

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