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Digital Block

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41. Ultrasound-Guided Forearm Nerve Blocks: A Novel Application for Pain Control in Adult Patients with Digit Injuries (Full text)

Ultrasound-Guided Forearm Nerve Blocks: A Novel Application for Pain Control in Adult Patients with Digit Injuries Phalanx fractures and interphalangeal joint dislocations commonly present to the emergency department. Although these orthopedic injuries are not complex, the four-point digital block used for anesthesia during the reduction can be painful. Additionally, cases requiring prolonged manipulation or consultation for adequate reduction may require repeat blockade. This case series (...) reports four patients presenting after mechanical injuries resulting in phalanx fracture or interphalangeal joint dislocations. These patients received an ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block of the forearm with successful subsequent reduction. To our knowledge, use of ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve blocks of the forearm for anesthesia in reduction of upper extremity digit injuries in adult patients in the emergency department setting has not been described before.

2016 Case Reports in Emergency Medicine

42. Detection of Intravascular Injection During Lumbar Medial Branch Blocks: A Comparison of Aspiration, Live Fluoroscopy, and Digital Subtraction Technology. (Full text)

Detection of Intravascular Injection During Lumbar Medial Branch Blocks: A Comparison of Aspiration, Live Fluoroscopy, and Digital Subtraction Technology. Medial branch blocks may have unrecognized vascular uptake potentially resulting in false- negative results.To determine the rate of unintended vascular injection of contrast medium during medial branch blocks (MBB) with digital subtraction (DS) technology in the context of negative vascular uptake as determined by live (...) medium was then injected while being visualized with DS to again assess the presence or absence of vascular flow undetected by live fluoroscopy.Live fluoroscopy revealed inadvertent vascular uptake in 38 of the 344 blocks [11% (95% CI 8.0-15%)]. DS uncovered an additional 27 of the 344 blocks [7.8% (95% CI 5.3-11.4%)] with evidence of vascular uptake that were not detected with conventional live fluoroscopy.DS enhances the ability to detect inadvertent vascular flow during medial branch blocks

2016 Pain Medicine

43. The Use of Micro Vibratory Stimulation Technique to Control the Pain of Digit Block Anesthesia

The Use of Micro Vibratory Stimulation Technique to Control the Pain of Digit Block Anesthesia The Use of Micro Vibratory Stimulation Technique to Control the Pain of Digit Block Anesthesia - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one (...) or more studies before adding more. The Use of Micro Vibratory Stimulation Technique to Control the Pain of Digit Block Anesthesia The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02870595 Recruitment Status : Completed First Posted : August 17, 2016 Last Update Posted : August 17, 2016 Sponsor

2016 Clinical Trials

44. A Study on the Pain Control Effect of the Anesthetic Method During Prostate Biopsy: Comparison Between Pelvic Plexus Block and Periprosthetic Nerve Block

A Study on the Pain Control Effect of the Anesthetic Method During Prostate Biopsy: Comparison Between Pelvic Plexus Block and Periprosthetic Nerve Block A Study on the Pain Control Effect of the Anesthetic Method During Prostate Biopsy: Comparison Between Pelvic Plexus Block and Periprosthetic Nerve Block - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail (...) Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. A Study on the Pain Control Effect of the Anesthetic Method During Prostate Biopsy: Comparison Between Pelvic Plexus Block and Periprosthetic Nerve Block The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government

2018 Clinical Trials

45. Onset Time of Local Anesthesia After Single Injection in Toe Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Double-Blind Trial. (PubMed)

Onset Time of Local Anesthesia After Single Injection in Toe Nerve Blocks: A Randomized Double-Blind Trial. The study was conducted to investigate the onset time and safety profile of four different local anesthetic solutions.Randomized controlled clinical trial study.One hundred twelve healthy volunteers were assigned to receive digital block on their second toe. Individuals were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: lidocaine 2%, lidocaine 2% with epinephrine, bupivacaine 0.5 (...) %, or bupivacaine 0.5% with epinephrine. Onset time was measured until detecting the absence of pinprick sensation. Oxygen saturation was measured in the infiltrated toe up to 60 minutes.The subjects in the groups of anesthetics with epinephrine had a significantly lower mean onset time. There were no significant differences regarding oxygen saturation between the groups and no adverse effects were recorded.The use of anesthetics with epinephrine can be an effective form of local anesthetic for digital blocks

2019 Journal of perianesthesia nursing : official journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses Controlled trial quality: predicted high

46. Adrenaline with lidocaine for digital nerve blocks. (Full text)

Adrenaline with lidocaine for digital nerve blocks. Surgery on fingers is a common procedure in emergency and day care surgery. Adrenaline combined with lidocaine can prolong digital nerve block and provide a bloodless operating field. Extended postoperative pain relief can reduce the need for analgesics and can facilitate hand rehabilitation. Conventionally, adrenaline is avoided at anatomical sites with end arteries such as digits, penis and pinna because of concerns about arterial spasm (...) , ischaemia and gangrene distal to the site of drug infiltration.To assess the safety and efficacy of use of adrenaline (any dilution) combined with lidocaine (any dilution) for digital nerve blocks (fingers and toes).We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL, Issue 11, 2014), MEDLINE via Ovid SP (1966 to 18 November 2014) and EMBASE via Ovid SP (1980 to 18 November 2014). We also searched specific websites, such as www.indmed.nic.in; www.cochrane-sadcct.org

2015 Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online)

47. Digital Morphing Wing: Active Wing Shaping Concept Using Composite Lattice-Based Cellular Structures (Full text)

Digital Morphing Wing: Active Wing Shaping Concept Using Composite Lattice-Based Cellular Structures We describe an approach for the discrete and reversible assembly of tunable and actively deformable structures using modular building block parts for robotic applications. The primary technical challenge addressed by this work is the use of this method to design and fabricate low density, highly compliant robotic structures with spatially tuned stiffness. This approach offers a number (...) elements, wherein the geometric and mechanical attributes of the building blocks determine the global mechanical properties of the wing. We describe the mechanical design and structural performance of the digital morphing wing, including their relationship to wind tunnel tests that suggest the ability to increase roll efficiency compared to a conventional rigid aileron system. We focus here on describing the approach to design, modeling, and construction as a generalizable approach for robotics

2017 Soft robotics

48. Comparison of the efficacy of single volar subcutaneous digital block and the dorsal two injections block. (PubMed)

Comparison of the efficacy of single volar subcutaneous digital block and the dorsal two injections block. Digital nerve blocks are commonly used as effective techniques of anaesthesia to allow a variety of surgical procedures performed on digits. This study was conducted to compare the efficacy of volar subcutaneous single injection block and the traditional dorsal two injections digital block.This randomized controlled trial was conducted at Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Department (...) , Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar from December. 2009-10. A total of 126 patients with pathology distal to the first palmer digital crease divided into two equal groups. Group A received volar subcutaneous digital block while group B dorsal two injections block. Efficacy of digital block was measured in terms of time of onset of anaesthesia, which was the total time duration after administering local anaesthetic to loss of pinprick sensation and total duration of anaesthesia, which was defined

2014 Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC Controlled trial quality: uncertain

49. Fascia iliaca compartment block versus intravenous analgesic for the positioning of femur fracture patients before a spinal block: a meta-analysis

Fascia iliaca compartment block versus intravenous analgesic for the positioning of femur fracture patients before a spinal block: a meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith (...) therapy or contamination 6. Not about analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors

2017 PROSPERO

50. Systematic review of postoperative pain with single shot peripheral nerve block versus no block in ankle fracture surgery

Systematic review of postoperative pain with single shot peripheral nerve block versus no block in ankle fracture surgery Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence (...) analgesics used in the clinic Full text-screening: As above, with the addition of: 7. No relevant outcome measure reported ">Prioritise the exclusion criteria Example: Two reviewers will independently extract data from each article. We first try to extract numerical data from tables, text or figures. If these are not reported, we will extract data from graphs using digital ruler software. In case data are not reported or unclear, we will attempt to contact authors by e-mail (max. 2 attempts). In case

2017 PROSPERO

51. A cluster randomized trial to determine the effectiveness of a novel, digital pendant and voice reminder platform on increasing infant immunization adherence in rural Udaipur, India. (PubMed)

A cluster randomized trial to determine the effectiveness of a novel, digital pendant and voice reminder platform on increasing infant immunization adherence in rural Udaipur, India. Five hundred thousand children under the age of 5 die from vaccine preventable diseases in India every year. More than just improving coverage, increasing timeliness of immunizations is critical to ensuring infant health in the first year of life. Novel, culturally appropriate community engagement strategies (...) are worth exploring to close the immunization gap. In our study, a digital NFC (Near Field Communication) pendant worn on black thread and voice call reminder system was tested for the effectiveness in improving DTP3 adherence within 2 monthly camps from DTP1 administration.A cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted in which 96 village health camps were randomized to 3 arms: NFC sticker, NFC pendant, and NFC pendant with voice call reminder in local dialect. Randomization was done across 5

2019 Vaccine Controlled trial quality: uncertain

52. Micro-CT evaluation of marginal and internal fit of cemented polymer infiltrated ceramic network material crowns manufactured after conventional and digital impressions. (PubMed)

Micro-CT evaluation of marginal and internal fit of cemented polymer infiltrated ceramic network material crowns manufactured after conventional and digital impressions. Purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of fit of cemented polymer infiltrated ceramic network (PICN) material crowns manufactured after digital and conventional impression techniques using micro computed tomography (CT). Furthermore to determine the cement space volume and porosities in the cement layer.A molar (...) typodont tooth was prepared for PICN material crowns and replicated thirty times. The dies were randomly divided into three groups of 10 specimens each according to the impression technique: 3M True Definition Scanner (TDS), cara TRIOS (Trios) and Impregum Penta Soft (Impregum). PICN material crowns were milled for each specimen from Vita Enamic blocks and cemented on their respective dies. The absolute marginal discrepancy (AMD), internal fit (IG), total cement space volume (TVC) and marginal

2019 Journal of prosthodontic research

53. The Effect of a Digital Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention on Adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Dietary Pattern in Medically Vulnerable Primary Care Patients: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. (PubMed)

The Effect of a Digital Behavioral Weight Loss Intervention on Adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Dietary Pattern in Medically Vulnerable Primary Care Patients: Results from a Randomized Controlled Trial. Obesity treatment focuses primarily on reducing overall caloric intake with limited focus on improving diet quality. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern is effective in managing hypertension and other chronic conditions, yet (...) with weekly self-monitoring, tailored feedback on diet and exercise goals, and dietitian and provider counseling in community health centers. Dietary intake was measured using the Block Food Frequency Questionnaires collected at baseline and 12 months. DASH adherence was determined using previously validated scoring indices that assessed adherence based on recommended nutrient or food group targets. Total scores for both indices ranged from 0 to 9, with higher scores indicating greater DASH adherence.The

2019 Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

54. Light‐Controllable Digital Coding Metasurfaces (Full text)

Light‐Controllable Digital Coding Metasurfaces Since the advent of digital coding metamaterials, a new paradigm is unfolded to sample, compute and program electromagnetic waves in real time with one physical configuration. However, one inconvenient truth is that actively tunable building blocks such as diodes, varactors, and biased lines must be individually controlled by a computer-assisted field programmable gate array and physically connected by electrical wires to the power suppliers (...) . This issue becomes more formidable when more elements are needed for more advanced and multitasked metadevices and metasystems. Here, a remote-mode metasurface is proposed and realized that is addressed and tuned by illuminating light. By tuning the intensity of light-emitting diode light, a digital coding metasurface composed of such light-addressable elements enables dynamically reconfigurable radiation beams in a control-circuitry-free way. Experimental demonstration is validated at microwave

2018 Advanced Science

55. A Digital Compressed Sensing-Based Energy-Efficient Single-Spot Bluetooth ECG Node (Full text)

A Digital Compressed Sensing-Based Energy-Efficient Single-Spot Bluetooth ECG Node Energy efficiency is still the obstacle for long-term real-time wireless ECG monitoring. In this paper, a digital compressed sensing- (CS-) based single-spot Bluetooth ECG node is proposed to deal with the challenge in wireless ECG application. A periodic sleep/wake-up scheme and a CS-based compression algorithm are implemented in a node, which consists of ultra-low-power analog front-end, microcontroller (...) , Bluetooth 4.0 communication module, and so forth. The efficiency improvement and the node's specifics are evidenced by the experiments using the ECG signals sampled by the proposed node under daily activities of lay, sit, stand, walk, and run. Under using sparse binary matrix (SBM), block sparse Bayesian learning (BSBL) method, and discrete cosine transform (DCT) basis, all ECG signals were essentially undistorted recovered with root-mean-square differences (PRDs) which are less than 6%. The proposed

2018 Journal of healthcare engineering

56. Patch Based Grid Artifact Suppressing in Digital Mammography (Full text)

Patch Based Grid Artifact Suppressing in Digital Mammography The mammography is the first choice of breast cancer screening, which has proven to be the most effective screening method. An antiscatter grid is usually employed to enhance the contrast of image by absorbing unexpected scattered signals. However, the grid pattern casts shadows and grid artifacts, which severely degrade the image quality. To solve the problem, we propose the patch based frequency signal filtering for fast grid (...) artifacts suppressing. As opposed to whole image processing synchronously, the proposed method divides image into a number of blocks for tuning filter simultaneously, which reduces the frequency interference among image blocks and saves computation time by multithread processing. Moreover, for mitigating grid artifacts more precisely, characteristic peak detection is employed in each block automatically, which can accurately identify the location of the antiscatter grid and its motion pattern

2018 BioMed research international

57. Physiologically Triggered Digital Cognitive Aid Facilitates Crisis Management in a Simulated Operating Room: A Randomized Controlled Study. (PubMed)

Physiologically Triggered Digital Cognitive Aid Facilitates Crisis Management in a Simulated Operating Room: A Randomized Controlled Study. Although the benefits of using cognitive aids in anesthesia care have previously been demonstrated, several challenges remain. It must be presented in a timely manner, and providers must be amenable to using the tool once it is available. We hypothesized that anesthesia residents would perform superiorly when presented with a digital cognitive aid (DCogA (...) ) that is automatically triggered by a set vital sign aberration.Thirty anesthesia residents were randomized to either control (with access to hard copy of the cognitive aid) or receive a DCogA projected on their anesthesia information management system with the onset of heart block and associated hypotension. The scenario ended upon commencement of pacing, and the times to interventions were recorded.Fourteen participants were randomized to the control group and 16 to the intervention group DCogA. In the control

2018 Simulation in healthcare : journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare Controlled trial quality: uncertain

58. A Digital Shade-Matching Device for Dental Color Determination Using the Support Vector Machine Algorithm (Full text)

A Digital Shade-Matching Device for Dental Color Determination Using the Support Vector Machine Algorithm In this study, we developed a digital shade-matching device for dental color determination using the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm. Shade-matching was performed using shade tabs. For the hardware, the typically used intraoral camera was modified to apply the cross-polarization scheme and block the light from outside, which can lead to shade-matching errors. For reliable experiments

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

59. Digital Images Authentication Technique Based on DWT, DCT and Local Binary Patterns (Full text)

. In addition to this, the easiness of distributing information through the Internet has caused society to accept everything it sees as true without questioning its integrity. This paper proposes a digital image authentication technique that combines the analysis of local texture patterns with the discrete wavelet transform and the discrete cosine transform to extract features from each of the blocks of an image. Subsequently, it uses a vector support machine to create a model that allows verification (...) Digital Images Authentication Technique Based on DWT, DCT and Local Binary Patterns In the last few years, the world has witnessed a ground-breaking growth in the use of digital images and their applications in the modern society. In addition, image editing applications have downplayed the modification of digital photos and this compromises the authenticity and veracity of a digital image. These applications allow for tampering the content of the image without leaving visible traces

2018 Sensors (Basel, Switzerland)

60. A highly parallel strategy for storage of digital information in living cells (Full text)

A highly parallel strategy for storage of digital information in living cells Encoding arbitrary digital information in DNA has attracted attention as a potential avenue for large scale and long term data storage. However, in order to enable DNA data storage technologies there needs to be improvements in data storage fidelity (tolerance to mutation), the facility of writing and reading the data (biases and systematic error arising from synthesis and sequencing), and overall scalability.To (...) this end, we have developed and implemented an encoding scheme that is suitable for detecting and correcting errors that may arise during storage, writing, and reading, such as those arising from nucleotide substitutions, insertions, and deletions. We propose a scheme for parallelized long term storage of encoded sequences that relies on overlaps rather than the address blocks found in previously published work. Using computer simulations, we illustrate the encoding, sequencing, decoding, and recovery

2018 BMC biotechnology

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