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Desquamation

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181. Effect of prophylactic cefalexin treatment on the development of bacterial infection in acute radiation-induced dermatitis in dogs: a blinded randomized controlled prospective clinical trial. (Abstract)

cytological evaluation were performed at first onset of moist desquamation and one week following completion of radiation therapy. Skin toxicity grading and owner quality of life (QoL) questionnaires were performed weekly. The rate of infection, multidrug resistance status, toxicity severity and QoL between cohorts were compared.Staphylococcus schleiferi and S. pseudintermedius were the most frequent bacterial agents isolated in both cohorts. There was no significant difference in prevalence of bacterial (...) infection or overall QoL between cohorts at either time point; however, multidrug-resistant infections were significantly increased in cohort A versus cohort B. Clinician- and client-perceived severity of toxicity was significantly greater and median duration of moist desquamation was significantly longer in cohort A than cohort B.Prophylactic use of cefalexin for management of canine ARID is not recommended.© 2017 ESVD and ACVD.

2018 Veterinary dermatology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

182. A case of incomplete Kawasaki disease with extremely high serum ferritin and interleukin-18 levels. Full Text available with Trip Pro

findings of serum albumin level < 3.0 g/dL, elevated alanine aminotransferase level and leukocyturia. Intravenous immunoglobulin and prednisolone and oral aspirin were introduced on the 10th day. Fever subsided 1 day after initiating the treatment, but arthritis of both knees appeared in addition to hepatosplenomegaly. We suspected sJIA, as the serum level of ferritin was 19,740 ng/mL, IL-6 was < 3 pg/mL, and IL-18 was 132,000 pg/mL. Skin desquamation of the fingertips was observed 18 days from

2018 BMC Pediatrics

183. Incomplete Kawasaki disease in the 2-month-old infant: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

cracked lips, a diagnosis of IKD was considered. A rise in periungual desquamation of the hands confirmed the diagnosis.Intravenous immunoglobulins were administered and aspirin and dipyridamole were used orally.The temperature, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate returned to normal level and there was no coronary artery lesion.This case highlights that the diagnosis of IKD should be considered in children whose primary presentation is fever and neurologic features, lacking

2018 Medicine

184. Spotting Zika spots: descriptive features of the rash used in 66 published cases. (Abstract)

were located on the trunk (29%), limbs (5% arms, 11% both arms and legs), face (17%) and extremities (14%) or were diffuse/generalized (12%). There was facial sparing in 3%. Other features were centrifugal spread (6%), palmar and/or plantar involvement (6%), palmoplantar desquamation (2%) and malar erythema with oedema (2%). Mucosal features included gingival bleeding (11%), oral haemorrhagic blisters (8%) and painful blisters/vesicles (4%). Oedema/swelling was described in the upper limbs (5

2018 Clinical & Experimental Dermatology

185. Clinical, Radiological and Microbiological Outcomes of Implants With Two Different Connection Configurations, a Split-mouth RCT.

system. Unbalanced diabetes mellitus. (HbA1c above 6.5), Uncontrolled endocrine diseases Psychotic diseases. Hypersensitivity to one of the components of the implant in general and titanium in particular. Women who are pregnant or lactating. Lack of patient cooperation. Parafunctional habits, such as Bruxism or Temporomandibular joint disease. Various pathologies of the oral mucosa for example: Benign mucous pemphigoid, desquamative ginigivitis, erosive lichen planus, malignancy of oral cavity, bolus

2018 Clinical Trials

186. Safety, Tolerability and Efficacy of SNA-120 for Treatment of Pruritus and Psoriasis in Subjects Treated With Calcipotriene

itching) Secondary Outcome Measures : Change in Investigator Global Assessment (IGA) from baseline [ Time Frame: week 8 ] 5-point scale used to assess the overall severity of psoriasis by evaluting induration, erythema and desquamation (0=clear to 4=severe) Change in Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) from baseline [ Time Frame: week 8 ] A quantitative rating score for measuring the severity of psoriatic lesions based on area coverage and plaque appearance (0 = no disease to 72 = maximum disease

2018 Clinical Trials

187. Enstilar® Foam in the Treatment of Chronic Plaque Psoriasis in Patients With Skin of Color

) to 72 (maximal disease) Change in Psoriasis Scalp Severity Index [ Time Frame: baseline, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, 8 weeks ] Proportion of patients achieving ≥50% improvement and/or ≥75% improvement in PSSI at weeks 2, 4 and 8 compared to baseline if applicable. The Psoriasis Scalp Severity Index (PSSI) assesses severity of scalp disease along the parameters of erythema, induration, and desquamation. The PSSI uses a 5-point scale to grade the three aforementioned clinical parameters. The parameters scores

2018 Clinical Trials

188. A Dose Escalation Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of Pulsed Inhaled Nitric Oxide in Subjects With Pulmonary Fibrosis or Sarcoidosis

(idiopathic interstitial pneumonias) diagnosed or suspected as one of the following: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis Idiopathic nonspecific interstitial pneumonia Respiratory bronchiolitis-interstitial lung disease Desquamative interstitial pneumonia Cryptogenic organizing pneumonia Acute interstitial pneumonia Rare IIPs diagnosis by one of the following: Idiopathic lymphoid interstitial pneumonia Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis Unclassifiable idiopathic interstitial pneumonias 2.2 Chronic

2018 Clinical Trials

189. Melatonin Cream Against Acute Radiation Dermatitis in Patients With Early Breast Cancer

Follicular, faint or dull erythema/epilation/dry desquamation/decreased sweating Tender or bright erythema, patchy moist desquamation/moderate edema Confluent, moist desquamation other than skin folds, pitting edema Ulceration, hemorrhage, necrosis Erythema evaluated through pixel analysis of clinical photographs [ Time Frame: Once weekly for 8 weeks ] Erythema has previously been evaluated by a validated method using software analysis (Image J, version 1.45S, National Institute of health, USA

2018 Clinical Trials

190. Infliximab as an alternative therapy for refractory adult onset Kawasaki disease: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of a persistent fever, and elevated serum level of AST, ALT, LDH, and CRP.The patients met the diagnostic criteria for KD based on the findings of persistent fever, polymorphous exanthema, unilateral cervical lymphadenopathy, non-purulent palpebral conjunctivitis and membranous desquamation. Echocardiogram revealed the dilatation at the proximal sites of the right coronary artery (7.9 mm) and left anterior descending artery (5 mm). The patient was treated with high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin (1 g/kg/day

2018 Medicine

191. An outbreak of Coxsackievirus A6-associated hand, foot, and mouth disease in a kindergarten in Beijing in 2015. Full Text available with Trip Pro

periodical suspension of the kindergarten activities, environmental disinfection, and family health education. Fifty-one cases were followed for nine weeks. The positive rate of clinical manifestations of rash, fever, desquamation, pigmentation and onychomadesis were 100.0%, 84.3%, 68.6%, 17.6% and 43.1%, respectively. Children developed desquamation within the first 4 weeks after disease onset and developed onychomadesis between the 3th and 8th week after disease onset. Children with desquamation had

2018 BMC Pediatrics

192. Infant Skin Barrier, Structure, and Enzymatic Activity Differ from Those of Adult in an East Asian Cohort Full Text available with Trip Pro

Infant Skin Barrier, Structure, and Enzymatic Activity Differ from Those of Adult in an East Asian Cohort Skin physiology is dynamically changing over the first years of postnatal life; however, ethnic variations are still unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize infant skin barrier function, epidermal structure, and desquamation-related enzymatic activity as compared to that of adult skin in an East Asian population. The skin properties of 52 infants (3-24 months) and 27 adults (20 (...) , the caseinolytic specific activity was significantly higher for the infant cohort. These observations indicate a differently controlled pattern of corneocyte desquamation in infants. In conclusion, structural and functional differences exist between infant and adult skin in the East Asian population pointing to dynamic maturation of the epidermal barrier early in life.

2018 BioMed research international

193. Methanol as an Unlisted Ingredient in Supposedly Alcohol-Based Hand Rub Can Pose Serious Health Risk Full Text available with Trip Pro

absorption resulting in chronic toxicity (e.g., visual disturbances) occurs, particularly if methanol induced desquamation and dermatitis are present. Nationwide surveillance systems, regional/international toxicovigilance networks and situational awareness among the healthcare professionals should facilitate the early detection, management and prevention of such poisoning incidents of public health significance.

2018 International journal of environmental research and public health

194. An extremely rare case of hand prolapse with preterm premature rupture in the membrane of one twin Full Text available with Trip Pro

of time of 23 days until delivery. Daily dressing by applying collagen to dry skin and silicone to keep moisture was done to the protruding hand to prevent dehydration and desquamation of the skin. Prophylactic antibiotics were used and the patient underwent emergent cesarean section due to uncontrolled preterm labor at 25.2 weeks. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of hand prolapse of one twin with extended period of latency before delivery.

2018 Obstetrics & gynecology science

195. Evaluation of supportive and barrier-protective skin care products in the daily prevention and treatment of cutaneous toxicity during systemic chemotherapy Full Text available with Trip Pro

adverse events were evaluated at each treatment session. Physicians evaluated skin reactions (edema, erythema, dryness, desquamation, pigmentation disorders, and cracks) and gave their opinion on the skin benefit for patients at the end of the study. Patients also evaluated the product benefit using the Patient Benefit Index (PBI) questionnaire. Results were analyzed by subgroups of casual and regular users, based on number and frequency of products used.A total of 147 patients were enrolled in cancer (...) services in Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and Canada. Mean age was 59 years with 71% being female. Product tolerance on whole body was rated good to excellent for at least 89% of the patients for each product. Aggravated skin reactions during the study were reported more frequently by casual users than regular users (39.5% versus 22%; p=0.029). Similarly, casual users reported more erythema aggravation (p=0.02) and desquamation (p=0.03) than regular users. PBI >1 was reported for 95.5% of patients

2018 OncoTargets and therapy

196. Odontogenic keratocyst: imaging features of a benign lesion with an aggressive behaviour Full Text available with Trip Pro

and are characterised by a cystic space containing desquamated keratin with a uniform lining of parakeratinised squamous epithelium. The reported age distribution of OKCs is considerably wide, with a peak of incidence in the third decade of life and a slight male predominance. OKCs originate in tooth-bearing regions and the mandible is more often affected than the maxilla. In the mandible, the most common location is the posterior sextant, the angle or the ramus. Conversely, the anterior sextant and the third molar

2018 Insights into imaging

197. The Periodontium as a Potential Cause of Orofacial Pain: A Comprehensive Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

of these pathologies conducted in the MEDLINE/PubMed Database. Acute infectious entities such as gingival and periodontal abscesses are emergencies that require a rapid response. Periodontitis associated with endodontic processes, necrotizing periodontal disorders, desquamative gingivitis, gingival recession, and mucogingival herpetic lesions, cause mild to severe pain due to tissue destruction and loss. Other lesions that lead to periodontal discomfort include gingival enlargement and periodontal ligament strains

2018 The open dentistry journal

198. Hydroxyurea Associated Cutaneous Lesions: A Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

screening also showed two nummular lesions in the right brachial region, presenting as erythematous papules with sharp margins from the surrounding skin, gritty desquamation and dotted hyperpigmentations inside the lesion. Further dermoscopy and biopsy investigations confirmed a diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma. Nasal actinic keratosis was also noted. The patient was advised for discontinuing or substituting the HU therapy.We present this case to draw attention to the various cutaneous side effects

2018 Open access Macedonian journal of medical sciences

199. Postpartum Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Toxic Shock Syndrome Caused by a Perineal Infection Full Text available with Trip Pro

of ceftriaxone and clindamycin was started immediately after admission and was effective. The patient recuperated steadily over the next week with desquamation of the skin. MRSA was isolated from her vaginal discharge and was found to produce TSS toxin 1 (TSST-1). Furthermore, since MRSA was not detected in the nasal and vaginal cavity during pregnancy, it suggests that vaginal colonization can also occur postpartum and be the disease source in mothers. Therefore, MRSA infections should be considered when

2018 Case reports in obstetrics and gynecology

200. Locally-curved geometry generates bending cracks in the African elephant skin Full Text available with Trip Pro

mechanism are unknown. Using microscopy, computed tomography and a custom physics-based lattice model, we show that African elephant skin channels are fractures of the animal brittle and desquamation-deficient skin outermost layer. We suggest that the progressive thickening of the hyperkeratinised stratum corneum causes its fracture due to local bending mechanical stress in the troughs of a lattice of skin millimetric elevations. The African elephant skin channels are therefore generated by thickening

2018 Nature communications

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