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Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV

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1. Mucocutaneous manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in children in relation to the degree of immunosuppression. (Abstract)

Mucocutaneous manifestations of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in children in relation to the degree of immunosuppression. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in children is becoming a common occurrence. Worldwide, limited studies have been done on the mucocutaneous manifestations in HIV-positive children. The aim of our study was to analyze the spectrum of mucocutaneous manifestations of pediatric HIV infection and correlate to degree of immunosuppression.One hundred (...) and sixty-five children under 18 years with HIV, who presented to the departments of dermatology and pediatrics, were examined for mucocutaneous manifestations. Patients were classified into four groups of immunodeficiency such as normal, mild, advanced, and severe, based on NACO guidelines of immunosuppression. The most recent CD4 count (within 6 months of study period) was considered.One hundred and sixty-five patients were examined, and skin manifestations were seen in 100 (61%) of them.The highest

2019 International Journal of Dermatology

2. Dermatologic manifestations among human immunodeficiency virus patients in Morocco and association with immune status. (Abstract)

Dermatologic manifestations among human immunodeficiency virus patients in Morocco and association with immune status. The objective was to determine if the type and number of skin diseases can be clinical indicators of underlying immune status in HIV1 disease by estimating and correlating with the CD4 count and CDC stage.This was a retrospective cross-sectional descriptive study. All consecutive patients infected with HIV1 followed at the Dermatology Department of Rabat Military Hospital (...) between January 2008 and January 2017 were studied for dermatological manifestations, CD4 count and CDC clinical stage.A total of 170 patients with 304 dermatological manifestations were included. The most common dermatoses were fold dermatophytic infections (67%), genital warts (43%), herpes zoster (21%), xerosis (21%), and oral candidiasis (12%). The number of dermatologic manifestations was significantly greater in patients with CD4 count less than 200/mm3 or in stage C of the CDC classification

2017 International Journal of Dermatology

3. Mucocutaneous manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Nouakchott, Mauritania. (Abstract)

Mucocutaneous manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients in Nouakchott, Mauritania. Mucocutaneous manifestations are one of the first clinical signs in patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). To the best of our knowledge, there has been no previous study describing dermatologic manifestations in Mauritanians infected with HIV. The aim of the present study was to determine the profiles of mucocutaneous manifestations in relation to CD4 T cell count (...) in HIV-positive Mauritanian patients.A total of 86 adult patients aged > 18 years old attending the Ambulatory Treatment Center of the National Hospital of Nouakchott, Mauritania, with newly diagnosed HIV and who were not under antiretroviral treatment were included in the study in 2015. Dermatologic manifestations were documented before initiating antiretroviral treatment.Most of the included patients were in clinical stage 3 of the World Health Organization classification at initial diagnosis

2017 International Journal of Dermatology

4. Cutaneous Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus: a Clinical Update Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cutaneous Manifestations of Human Immunodeficiency Virus: a Clinical Update Dermatologic diseases are common in the HIV-infected population. Many of the cutaneous diseases are not unique to this group, but the presentation can be more severe. Although the introduction of antiretroviral therapy has been followed by a decline in many of the skin diseases associated with HIV, drug reactions and other non-infectious skin conditions have increased. This article reviews the current spectrum of HIV

2015 Current infectious disease reports

5. Assessment of dermatological disorders in HIV

nodularis (PN) Papular pruritic eruption of HIV (PPE) Eosinophilic folliculitis (EF) Cutaneous manifestations of reactive arthritis (Reiter's syndrome) Molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV) Oral hairy leukoplakia (OHL) (Epstein-Barr virus) Human immunodeficiency virus (primary or acute infection) Bullous impetigo Ecthyma Botryomycoses Bacillary angiomatosis Leishmaniasis Dermatophytosis Kaposi's sarcoma Melanoma Squamous cell carcinoma Morbilliform rash Drug rash with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (...) Assessment of dermatological disorders in HIV Assessment of dermatological disorders in HIV - Differential diagnosis of symptoms | BMJ Best Practice You'll need a subscription to access all of BMJ Best Practice Search  Assessment of dermatological disorders in HIV Last reviewed: February 2019 Last updated: June 2018 Summary In the early phases of the HIV epidemic, skin disease was frequently a presenting manifestation of the infection. Leslie KS, Levell NJ. Dermatologists, beacons of epidemics

2018 BMJ Best Practice

6. Mucocutaneous manifestation of pediatric human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in relation to degree of immunosuppression: a study of a West African population. (Abstract)

Mucocutaneous manifestation of pediatric human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in relation to degree of immunosuppression: a study of a West African population. Mucocutaneous lesions occur at one point or the other during the course of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease. These lesions can be the initial presenting features but could also be a pointer to the presence of immunosuppression.This study was carried out to determine the pattern (...) of mucocutaneous manifestation in children who have human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) in relation to their level of immunosuppression.One hundred children who were HIV seropositive aged 18months to 16years were evaluated for mucocutaneous lesions, and their degree of immunosuppression was also determined using total CD(4+) count or CD(4+) percentage. Another group of age and gender matched 100 HIV-negative children were also examined for mucocutaneous lesions.The

2012 International Journal of Dermatology

7. Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV

Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Dermatologic (...) Manifestations of HIV Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV Aka: Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV , HIV Related Rash , HIV Related Dermatologic Complications , Pruritus in HIV II. Symptoms: Pruritus May be presentation without associated rash or Other causes of Pruritus in HIV failure with cholestasis III. Signs Early, Acute HIV (prior to Seroconversion) Transient, r, r rash on trunk Late HIV (40 to 80% of HIV patients) (40 to 80% of HIV patients) and infectious ( ) IV. Reference Images: Related links

2018 FP Notebook

8. Effects of CD4 cell count and antiretroviral therapy on mucocutaneous manifestations among HIV/AIDS patients in Yunnan, China. (Abstract)

Effects of CD4 cell count and antiretroviral therapy on mucocutaneous manifestations among HIV/AIDS patients in Yunnan, China. The affecting factors of mucocutaneous manifestations in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients remain unclear in China.A retrospective analysis was conducted among HIV/AIDS patients in Yunnan, China. The demographic data, mucocutaneous manifestations, CD4 cell counts, and antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimens were (...) collected. The effects of CD4 cell count and ART on the spectrum of mucocutaneous manifestations were evaluated.Among 508 HIV/AIDS patients, 86.0% of cases showed mucocutaneous manifestations. The average CD4 cell count (176 cells/μl) of the patients with manifestations was significantly lower than those without manifestations (328 cells/μl) (P < 0.001). Diseases such as herpes zoster, oral candidiasis, condyloma acuminatum, genital herpes, oral leukoplakia, talaromycosis, cryptococcosis, and HIV-PPE

2020 International Journal of Dermatology

9. Pruritic papular eruption and eosinophilic folliculitis associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection: A histopathological and immunohistochemical comparative study. (Abstract)

Pruritic papular eruption and eosinophilic folliculitis associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection: A histopathological and immunohistochemical comparative study. Among the papular-pruriginous dermatoses related to human immunodeficiency (HIV) infection, two entities remain poorly differentiated leading to confusion in their diagnosis: HIV-related pruritic papular eruption (HIV-PPE or prurigo) and eosinophilic folliculitis (HIV-EF).To establish histopathological (...) and not qualitative differences were found.These data indicate that HIV-related PPE and EF could possibly be differentiated by histopathological and immunohistochemical findings in addition to clinical characteristics. In fact, these two inflammatory manifestations could be within the spectrum of the same disease because only quantitative, and not qualitative, differences were found.Copyright © 2011 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

2012 Journal of American Academy of Dermatology

10. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Follow-up)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Follow-up) Pediatric HIV Infection Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Overview of Antiretroviral Therapy, Prophylaxis and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY1MDg2LXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing > Pediatric HIV Infection Treatment & Management Updated: Nov 16, 2018 Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric HIV Infection Treatment Approach Considerations ART is the mainstay in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment. Appropriate antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treatment of specific infections and malignancies are critical in treating patients who are HIV positive. Intervening early may

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

11. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Diagnosis)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Diagnosis) Pediatric HIV Infection: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY1MDg2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing (...) > Pediatric HIV Infection Updated: Nov 16, 2018 Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric HIV Infection Overview Practice Essentials Since the first cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were identified, the number of children infected with HIV has risen dramatically in developing countries, the result of an increased number of HIV-infected women of childbearing age in these areas. HIV is a retrovirus and can

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

12. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Treatment)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Treatment) Pediatric HIV Infection Treatment & Management: Approach Considerations, Overview of Antiretroviral Therapy, Prophylaxis and Treatment of Opportunistic Infections Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY1MDg2LXRyZWF0bWVudA== processing > Pediatric HIV Infection Treatment & Management Updated: Nov 16, 2018 Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric HIV Infection Treatment Approach Considerations ART is the mainstay in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) treatment. Appropriate antiretroviral therapy (ART) and treatment of specific infections and malignancies are critical in treating patients who are HIV positive. Intervening early may

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

13. Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Overview)

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection (Overview) Pediatric HIV Infection: Practice Essentials, Background, Pathophysiology Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache=aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvOTY1MDg2LW92ZXJ2aWV3 processing (...) > Pediatric HIV Infection Updated: Nov 16, 2018 Author: Delia M Rivera, MD; Chief Editor: Russell W Steele, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Pediatric HIV Infection Overview Practice Essentials Since the first cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were identified, the number of children infected with HIV has risen dramatically in developing countries, the result of an increased number of HIV-infected women of childbearing age in these areas. HIV is a retrovirus and can

2014 eMedicine Pediatrics

14. CRACKCast E120 – Dermatologic presentations

CRACKCast E120 – Dermatologic presentations CRACKCast E120 – Dermatologic presentations - CanadiEM CRACKCast E120 – Dermatologic presentations In , , by Adam Thomas October 23, 2017 This 120th episode of CRACKCast covers Rosen’s 9th edition, Chapter 110, Dermatologic presentations. The thought of a chief complaint with “rash” is enough to send shivers down some of our spines, yet so many systemic problems have cutaneous manifestations that are important to not miss. Shownotes – Key concepts You (...) Measles Dengue Acute meningococcemia Meningococcal disease may manifest as one of three syndromes: meningitis, bacteremia, or bacteremic pneumonia. Drug induced Chemotherapy drug: Acral erythema (e.g. due to doxorubicin) Hand-foot skin reaction Erythema multiforme [4] Describe the various presentations of tinea and their treatment Tinea refers to superficial dermatophytic infection of the skin, hair, and/or nails, usually by the Trichophyton organism. Tinea Corporis Tinea refers to superficial

2017 CandiEM

15. Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV

Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 Dermatologic (...) Manifestations of HIV Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV Aka: Dermatologic Manifestations of HIV , HIV Related Rash , HIV Related Dermatologic Complications , Pruritus in HIV II. Symptoms: Pruritus May be presentation without associated rash or Other causes of Pruritus in HIV failure with cholestasis III. Signs Early, Acute HIV (prior to Seroconversion) Transient, r, r rash on trunk Late HIV (40 to 80% of HIV patients) (40 to 80% of HIV patients) and infectious ( ) IV. Reference Images: Related links

2015 FP Notebook

16. Dermatologic Manifestations as Indicators of Immune Status in HIV/AIDS Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dermatologic Manifestations as Indicators of Immune Status in HIV/AIDS 22528623 2012 10 11 2018 12 01 1525-1497 27 7 2012 Jul Journal of general internal medicine J Gen Intern Med Dermatologic manifestations as indicators of immune status in HIV/AIDS. 765 10.1007/s11606-012-2062-0 Lutwak Nancy N Dill Curt C eng Letter Comment United States J Gen Intern Med 8605834 0884-8734 IM J Gen Intern Med. 2012 Jan;27(1):124 21647751 Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome immunology Humans Immunocompromised

2012 Journal of General Internal Medicine

17. British Association for Sexual Health and HIV national guideline for the management of vulvovaginal candidiasis

British Association for Sexual Health and HIV national guideline for the management of vulvovaginal candidiasis British Association for Sexual Health and HIV national guideline for the management of vulvovaginal candidiasis (2019) Guideline Development Group: Cara Saxon (Lead Author), Anne Edwards, Riina Rautemaa- Richardson, Caroline Owen, Bavithra Nathan, Bret Palmer, Clare Wood, Humera Ahmed, Sameena Ahmad, Patient Representatives, Mark FitzGerald (CEG Editor) Clinical Effectiveness Group (...) (CEG), British Association for Sexual Health and HIV (BASHH) NEW IN THE 2019 GUIDELINES Terminology: • The new guidelines refer to ‘acute’ and ‘recurrent’ vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) and no longer use the terms ‘uncomplicated’ and ‘complicated’ VVC; the new definitions are felt to be more reflective of how women with VVC typically present to clinical services and are subsequently managed • The elements of complicated VVC where single dose treatments are not always appropriate are still covered

2019 British Association for Sexual Health and HIV

18. Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis manifesting as mucosal erythema multiforme in the setting of HIV infection Full Text available with Trip Pro

Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis manifesting as mucosal erythema multiforme in the setting of HIV infection 28050592 2019 02 26 2352-5126 3 1 2017 Jan JAAD case reports JAAD Case Rep Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis manifesting as mucosal erythema multiforme in the setting of HIV infection. 22-24 10.1016/j.jdcr.2016.10.010 Grunnet Kerrie M KM Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, Georgia. Powell Kaitlyn S KS Division of Dermatology, Augusta, Georgia. Miller India A IA (...) Division of Dermatology, Augusta, Georgia. Davis Loretta S LS Division of Dermatology, Augusta, Georgia. eng Case Reports 2016 12 24 United States JAAD Case Rep 101665210 2352-5126 APD, autoimmune progesterone dermatitis EM, erythema multiforme HIV HSV, herpes simplex virus IDP, intradermal progesterone TAH-BSO, total abdominal hysterectomy–bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy autoimmune progesterone dermatitis erythema multiforme isomorphic phenomenon 2017 1 5 6 0 2017 1 5 6 0 2017 1 5 6 1 epublish

2016 JAAD Case Reports

19. Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Treatment)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease (Treatment) Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease: Coagulation Disorders, Cutaneous Manifestations of Anemia, Plasma-Cell Disorders and Dysproteinemias Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5NjE4My1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Updated: Jun 16, 2017 Author: Saira J George, MD; Chief Editor: William D James, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Hematologic Disease Coagulation Disorders Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an acquired, multisystemic disorder characterized by recurrent thromboses in the arterial system, venous system, or both. Antiphospholipid syndrome is classified into 2 groups: primary

2014 eMedicine.com

20. Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Treatment)

Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease (Treatment) Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease: Overview, Dermatology and the Pharynx, Dermatology and the Esophagus Edition: No Results No Results Please confirm that you would like to log out of Medscape. If you log out, you will be required to enter your username and password the next time you visit. https://profreg.medscape.com/px/getpracticeprofile.do?method=getProfessionalProfile&urlCache (...) =aHR0cHM6Ly9lbWVkaWNpbmUubWVkc2NhcGUuY29tL2FydGljbGUvMTA5MzgwMS1vdmVydmlldw== processing > Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease Updated: May 13, 2016 Author: Mital Patel, MD; Chief Editor: Dirk M Elston, MD Share Email Print Feedback Close Sections Sections Dermatologic Manifestations of Gastrointestinal Disease Overview Overview Many disorders of the alimentary tract have dermatologic manifestations (see Table 1 below). A thorough understanding of the cutaneous/gastrointestinal (GI) relationship can alert the astute clinician to occult disease

2014 eMedicine.com

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