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Depression Screening Tools

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6121. A practical screening tool for anxiety and depression in patients with chronic breathing disorders. (Abstract)

A practical screening tool for anxiety and depression in patients with chronic breathing disorders. Obstructive lung diseases are associated with high rates of depression and anxiety, yet many patients are never screened or treated. This study evaluated the five-question Depression and Anxiety modules of the Primary Care Evaluation of Mental Disorders (PRIME-MD) Patient Questionnaire as a telephone screen in 1,632 patients with chronic breathing disorders at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center (...) in Houston, TX. Subsequent testing of 828 patients with the Beck Depression Inventory-II and the Beck Anxiety Inventory showed that the sensitivity and specificity, respectively, of the Depression and Anxiety modules of the PRIME-MD Patient Questionnaire screening were 94.6% and 49.5% (Depression); 93.7% and 32.2% (Anxiety); and 97.7%, and 36.0% (combined screen), with an overall accuracy of 80.7%. In such populations, these two modules of the PRIME-MD Patient Questionnaire may be a useful screening tool.

2007 Psychosomatics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6122. Performance of the PHQ-9 as a screening tool for depression after stroke. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Performance of the PHQ-9 as a screening tool for depression after stroke. The purpose of this study was to examine the performance of the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ)-9, a 9-item depression scale, as a screening and diagnostic instrument for assessing depression in stroke survivors.As part of a randomized treatment trial for poststroke depression (PSD), subjects with and without PSD completed the PHQ-9, a 9-item summed scale, with scores ranging from 0 (no depressive symptoms) to 27 (all (...) symptoms occurring daily). Subjects endorsing 2 or more symptoms of depression were administered the criterion standard Structured Clinical Interview for Depression (SCID). Receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to examine the sensitivity and specificity of the PHQ-9Of 316 subjects enrolled, 145 met SCID criteria for major depression or other depressive disorder, and 171 were not depressed. PHQ-9 scores discriminated well between subjects with any versus no depressive disorder

2005 Stroke Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6123. Validity of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9) as a screening tool for depression amongst Nigerian university students. (Abstract)

Validity of the patient health questionnaire (PHQ-9) as a screening tool for depression amongst Nigerian university students. The common self-rated depression scales are lengthy, old and do not reflect the current diagnostic classifications criteria of depressive disorders. This study aimed to validate the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) as a screening tool for depression amongst Nigerian university students.A representative sample of university students (n=512) completed the PHQ-9 (...) (sensitivity 0.897, specificity 0.989, Positive Predictive Value - PPV 0.875, Negative Predictive Value - NPV 0.981 and Overall Correct Classification - OCC rate 0.973) while for major depressive disorder only is 10 (sensitivity 0.846, specificity 0.994, PPV 0.750, NPV 0.996 and OCC rate 0.992).The study limitations include use of a specific group in community, moderate sample size and screening for only minor and major depressive disorders while neglecting other depressive disorders.The PHQ-9 has good

2006 Journal of Affective Disorders

6124. Validation of 2 depression screening tools in dialysis patients. (Abstract)

Validation of 2 depression screening tools in dialysis patients. Depression is the most common psychiatric disorder in long-term dialysis patients and is a risk factor for morbidity and mortality. An efficient and valid method of diagnosing depression might facilitate recognition and treatment. We sought to validate 2 depression assessment tools, the 21-question Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and the 9-question Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), in a dialysis population.We surveyed patients (...) significant (P > 0.9).Our results validate the PHQ-9 and revalidate the BDI against a gold-standard measure for depressive disorders in the dialysis population. Both tools performed equally well. Because depression is prevalent, readily diagnosed, and associated with poor outcomes, screening by means of short and valid measurement tools may lead to better diagnosis and treatment of this modifiable risk factor. This may lead to improved clinical outcomes in dialysis patients.

2005 American Journal of Kidney Diseases

6125. Screening for postnatal depression. Validation of the Norwegian version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and assessment of risk factors for postnatal depression. (Abstract)

pregnancy, and current somatic illness.Women screened using the EPDS who had a score above threshold, yet did not attend the diagnostic interview could cause the point prevalence of depression to be higher than indicated here.The Norwegian translation of EPDS functions equally well as other translations as a screening tool for postnatal depression. The risk factors that were found are compatible with other studies. (...) Screening for postnatal depression. Validation of the Norwegian version of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, and assessment of risk factors for postnatal depression. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) is a self-rating scale developed to screen for postnatal depression. The aim of this study was to validate a Norwegian translation of the EPDS, study its psychometric properties, and identify risk factors for postnatal depression.EPDS was filled in by 411 women at 6-12 weeks

2003 Journal of Affective Disorders

6126. An efficient screening tool for preoperative depression: the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form. (Abstract)

An efficient screening tool for preoperative depression: the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form. Depression is highly prevalent in patients before surgery, and it has been widely shown to have a serious impact on their postoperative outcomes. It would therefore be desirable for physicians to obtain a quick, simple screen to evaluate depression to consider treatment of symptomatology and potentially optimize postoperative outcomes.In this study, we investigated the prevalence of depression (...) in a presurgical inpatient sample undergoing major, noncardiac surgery. In addition, we sought to establish the Geriatric Depression Scale-Short Form (GDS-SF) as a valid screening tool for depression by examining its relationship to the Beck Depression inventory (BDI) by age and gender.In our sample of 1043 presurgical candidates, prevalence of depression as established by the BDI was significantly higher than rates consistently found in healthy community samples. Depression was more common in women than

2008 Anesthesia and Analgesia

6127. Beck Depression Inventory is a useful screening tool for major depressive disorder in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Beck Depression Inventory is a useful screening tool for major depressive disorder in Gilles de la Tourette syndrome. This study determined the prevalence of and factors associated with comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD) in patients with Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS). How a simple self-report instrument, the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), correlates with clinical assessment of comorbid MDD in this population was assessed. In a continuous sample of 114 adult patients with GTS (...) , assessed clinically using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-IV criteria, 26 (23%) patients met criteria for MDD; more severe tics as measured with the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale, conduct disorder in childhood or higher age at the time of assessment were associated with MDD. The BDI score had a high negative predictive value for diagnosis of MDD, but a low positive predictive value. Using the BDI as a screening tool for comorbid MDD in patients with GTS is suggested.

2006 Neurosurgery and Psychiatry

6128. Bilingual telephone-assisted computerized speech-recognition assessment: is a voice-activated computer program a culturally and linguistically appropriate tool for screening depression in English and Spanish? (Abstract)

Bilingual telephone-assisted computerized speech-recognition assessment: is a voice-activated computer program a culturally and linguistically appropriate tool for screening depression in English and Spanish? The purpose of this study was to evaluate an automated voice-interactive program for screening depression in English and Spanish. The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) was administered in two interview formats: a speech recognition program presented by cellular (...) appropriate tool for screening depression in English and Spanish. Furthermore, the analyses of respondent voice characteristics show promise as a method for screening depression in both languages.

1997 Cultural diversity and mental health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

6129. Screening tools for depression in primary care: The effects of culture, gender, and somatic symptoms on the detection of depression Full Text available with Trip Pro

Screening tools for depression in primary care: The effects of culture, gender, and somatic symptoms on the detection of depression 11694495 2001 12 07 2018 11 13 0093-0415 175 5 2001 Nov The Western journal of medicine West. J. Med. Screening tools for depression in primary care: the effects of culture, gender, and somatic symptoms on the detection of depression. 349-52 Kerr L K LK uxmal@stanford.edu Kerr L D LD Jr eng Journal Article United States West J Med 0410504 0093-0415 AIM IM Culture (...) Depression diagnosis Female Humans Male Primary Health Care Sex Factors Somatoform Disorders diagnosis 2001 11 6 10 0 2002 1 5 10 1 2001 11 6 10 0 ppublish 11694495 PMC1071624 JAMA. 1999 Nov 10;282(18):1737-44 10568646 J Clin Epidemiol. 2000 Mar 1;53(3):285-9 10760639 Mov Disord. 2000 Nov;15(6):1221-4 11104209 J Clin Psychol. 2001 Mar;57(3):355-65 11241365 Psychopathology. 1998;31(3):160-8 9636945 Fam Med. 1997 Mar;29(3):172-6 9085097 Fam Med. 1997 Mar;29(3):182-3 9085099 Behav Res Ther. 1997 Aug;35(8

2001 Western Journal of Medicine

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