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Depression Resources

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1. Inverted items and validity: A psychobiological evaluation of two measures of psychological resources and one depression scale (PubMed)

Inverted items and validity: A psychobiological evaluation of two measures of psychological resources and one depression scale Psychological resources and risk factors influence risk of coronary heart disease. We evaluated whether inverted items in the Self-esteem, Mastery, and Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scales compromise validity in the context of coronary heart disease. In a population-based sample, validity was investigated by calculating correlations with other scales (n (...)  = 1004) and interleukin-6 (n = 374), and by analyzing the relationship with 8-year coronary heart disease risk (n = 1000). Negative items did not affect the validity of the resource scales. In contrast, positive items from Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression showed no significant relationships with biological variables. However, they had no major impact on the validity of the original scale.

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2018 Health psychology open

2. Depression, quality of life, and medical resource utilization in sickle cell disease (PubMed)

Depression, quality of life, and medical resource utilization in sickle cell disease Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a chronic, debilitating disorder. Chronically ill patients are at risk for depression, which can affect health-related quality of life (HRQoL), health care utilization, and cost. We performed an analytic epidemiologic prospective study to determine the prevalence of depression in adult patients with SCD and its association with HRQoL and medical resource utilization. Depression (...) was measured by the Beck Depression Inventory and clinical history in adult SCD outpatients at a comprehensive SCD center. HRQoL was assessed using the SF36 form, and data were collected on medical resource utilization and corresponding cost. Neurocognitive functions were assessed using the CNS Vital Signs tool. Pain diaries were used to record daily pain. Out of 142 enrolled patients, 42 (35.2%) had depression. Depression was associated with worse physical and mental HRQoL scores (P < .0001 and P < .0001

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2017 Blood advances

3. Green environment and incident depression in South Africa: a geospatial analysis and mental health implications in a resource-limited setting (PubMed)

Green environment and incident depression in South Africa: a geospatial analysis and mental health implications in a resource-limited setting Unprecedented levels of habitat transformation and rapid urbanisation are changing the way individuals interrelate with the natural environment in developing countries with high economic disparities. Although the potential benefit of green environments for mental health has been recognised, population-level evidence to this effect is scarce. We (...) investigated the effect of green living environment in potentially countering incident depression in a nationally representative survey in South Africa.We used panel data from the South African National Income Dynamics Study (SA-NIDS). Our study used SA-NIDS data from three waves: wave 1 (2008), wave 2 (2010), and wave 3 (2012). Households were sampled on the basis of a stratified two-stage cluster design. In the first stage, 400 primary sampling units were selected for inclusion. In the second stage, two

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2017 The Lancet. Planetary health

4. Is resourcefulness as a mediator between perceived stress and depression among old Chinese stroke patients? (PubMed)

Is resourcefulness as a mediator between perceived stress and depression among old Chinese stroke patients? This study aimed to explore whether resourcefulness can serve as a mediator between perceived stress and depression among old Chinese stroke patients.A cross-sectional study was conducted in six hospitals during July 2016 to July 2017, from five cities of Henan Province, China. A demographic questionnaire, the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), the Resourcefulness Scale (RS) and the Center (...) for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) were distributed among 3000 old stroke patients, and 2907 of them completed this survey. Correlation analysis, multiple linear regression and structural equation model (SEM) were used for statistical analysis of the study.The total scores of the resourcefulness were negatively correlated with perceived stress (r= -0.795, P<0.01) and depression (r= -0.772, P<0.01); It indicated positive correlation of the total scores of perceived stress and depression (r 

2019 Journal of Affective Disorders

5. Preloss Psychosocial Resources Predict Depressive-Symptom Trajectories among Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Caregivers in their First Two Years of Bereavement. (PubMed)

Preloss Psychosocial Resources Predict Depressive-Symptom Trajectories among Terminally Ill Cancer Patients' Caregivers in their First Two Years of Bereavement. Postloss depressive-symptom trajectories are heterogeneous and predicted by preloss psychosocial resources, but this evidence was from one old study on terminal cancer patients' caregivers for whom these issues are highly relevant.To identify depressive-symptom trajectories among cancer patients' bereaved caregivers and examine (...) if they are predicted by preloss psychosocial resources while considering caregiving burden.Preloss psychosocial resources (sense of coherence [SOC] and social support) were measured among 282 caregivers. Depressive symptoms were measured by the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression [CES-D] scale 1, 3, 6, 13, 18, and 24 months postloss (CES-D scores >16 indicate severe depressive symptoms). Distinct depressive-symptom trajectories and their predictors were identified by latent-class growth analysis.We

2019 Journal of pain and symptom management

6. Associations between physical health and depressive symptoms in Chinese older adults: Do neighborhood resources matter? (PubMed)

Associations between physical health and depressive symptoms in Chinese older adults: Do neighborhood resources matter? This is one of the first studies to examine the buffering effect of neighborhood resources, specifically leisure amenities and voluntary associations, on the relationship between poor physical health and depressive symptoms among older persons in China. Using data from the 2011 baseline survey of the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study, the analytical sample (...) included 4715 older adults aged 60 and over nested in 446 neighborhoods. Two-level linear regression analyses were conducted in the urban (n=1225) and rural (n=3490) samples, respectively. We found that leisure amenities significantly reduced the effect of ADL limitations on depressive symptoms in urban older adults, and alleviated the effect of chronic conditions on depressive symptoms in rural older Chinese.

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2016 SSM - population health

7. Maintaining Mental Health Through Positive Writing: Effects of a Resource Diary on Depression and Emotion Regulation. (PubMed)

Maintaining Mental Health Through Positive Writing: Effects of a Resource Diary on Depression and Emotion Regulation. The present study investigated the beneficial effects of the resource-oriented positive writing intervention resource diary (RD) on mental health variables among patients recently discharged from psychiatric inpatient treatment.Eighty-nine patients were randomly assigned to either an intervention group completing RD over the course of 4 weeks (n = 45) or a control group (...) receiving no intervention (n = 44). To measure changes in mental health, patients filled out a number of self-report questionnaires on depression, emotion regulation, and resource activation before and after the intervention.  RESULTS: Participants completing RD had significantly lower depression scores than controls and reported an increased use of the functional emotion regulation strategy "reappraisal" 5 weeks after discharge. A decreased use of the dysfunctional strategy "expressive suppression

2018 Journal of clinical psychology

8. Subtypes in clinical burnout patients enrolled in an employee rehabilitation program: differences in burnout profiles, depression, and recovery/resources-stress balance. (PubMed)

Subtypes in clinical burnout patients enrolled in an employee rehabilitation program: differences in burnout profiles, depression, and recovery/resources-stress balance. Burnout is generally perceived a unified disorder with homogeneous symptomatology across people (exhaustion, cynicism, and reduced professional efficacy). However, increasing evidence points to intra-individual patterns of burnout symptoms in non-clinical samples such as students, athletes, healthy, and burned-out employees (...) , and to investigate whether the subtypes differ in depression, recovery/resources-stress balance, and sociodemographic characteristics.One hundred three patients (66 women, 37 men) with a clinical burnout diagnosis, who were enrolled in a 5 week employee rehabilitation program in two specialized psychosomatic clinics in Austria, completed a series of questionnaires including the Maslach Burnout Inventory - General Survey (MBI-GS), the Beck Depression Inventory, and the Recovery-Stress-Questionnaire for Work

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2018 BMC Psychiatry

9. Non-fatal suicidal behaviour, depression and poverty among young men living in low-resource communities in South Africa. (PubMed)

Non-fatal suicidal behaviour, depression and poverty among young men living in low-resource communities in South Africa. Suicide is a serious public health problem in low- and middle-income countries. Understanding the context- and gender-specific risk factors for non-fatal suicidal behaviour is the cornerstone of evidence-based public health interventions to reduce suicide. Poverty and symptoms of depression are well established risk factors for suicidal behaviour. However, little (...) in low-resource communities in South Africa (SA).Data were collected from a clustered sample of 647 young men living in low-resource communities in the Western Cape province of SA. Multivariate regressions were used to identify the associations between poverty-related measures, symptoms of depression, and past-month prevalence of non-fatal suicidal behaviour.Non-fatal suicidal behaviour in the last month was reported by 47 (6.13%) participants: suicidal ideation (n = 43; 5.97%); suicide plan (n = 5

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2018 BMC Public Health

10. I-CARE randomized clinical trial integrating depression and acute coronary syndrome care in low-resource hospitals in China: Design and rationale. (PubMed)

I-CARE randomized clinical trial integrating depression and acute coronary syndrome care in low-resource hospitals in China: Design and rationale. Depression and acute coronary syndromes (ACS) are both common public health challenges. Patients with ACS often develop depression, which in turn adversely affects prognosis. Low-cost, sustainable, and effective service models that integrate depression care into the management of ACS patients to reduce depression and improve ACS outcomes (...) are critically needed. Integrating Depression Care in ACS patients in Low Resource Hospitals in China (I-CARE) is a multicenter, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy of an 11-month integrated care (IC) intervention compared to usual care (UC) in management of ACS patients. Four thousand inpatients will be recruited and then randomized in a 1:1 ratio to an IC intervention consisting of nurse-led risk factor management, group-based counseling supplemented by individual problem-solving therapy

2018 American Heart Journal

11. A simple filter model to guide the allocation of healthcare resources for improving the treatment of depression among cancer patients. (PubMed)

A simple filter model to guide the allocation of healthcare resources for improving the treatment of depression among cancer patients. Depression is highly prevalent yet often poorly detected and treated among cancer patients. In light of the move towards evidence-based healthcare policy, we have developed a simple tool that can assist policy makers, organisations and researchers to logically think through the steps involved in improving patient outcomes, and to help guide decisions about where (...) to think through the steps involved in improving depression outcomes for cancer patents. It provides transparent guidance about how to best allocate resources, and highlights areas where more reliable data are needed. The filter model presents an opportunity to improve on current practice by ensuring that a logical approach, which takes into account the available evidence, is applied to decision making.

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2018 BMC Cancer

12. Recruitment of Participants and Delivery of Online Mental Health Resources for Depressed Individuals Using Tumblr: Pilot Randomized Control Trial (PubMed)

Recruitment of Participants and Delivery of Online Mental Health Resources for Depressed Individuals Using Tumblr: Pilot Randomized Control Trial Adolescents and young adults frequently post depression symptom references on social media; previous studies show positive associations between depression posts and self-reported depression symptoms. Depression is common among young people and this population often experiences many barriers to mental health care. Thus, social media may be a new (...) resource to identify, recruit, and intervene with young people at risk for depression.The purpose of this pilot study was to test a social media intervention on Tumblr. We used social media to identify and recruit participants and to deliver the intervention of online depression resources.This randomized pilot intervention identified Tumblr users age 15-23 who posted about depression using the search term "#depress". Eligible participants were recruited via Tumblr messages; consented participants

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2018 JMIR Research Protocols

13. HeadsUpGuys: Canadian online resource for men with depression (PubMed)

HeadsUpGuys: Canadian online resource for men with depression 29449231 2018 11 13 1715-5258 64 2 2018 Feb Canadian family physician Medecin de famille canadien Can Fam Physician HeadsUpGuys: Canadian online resource for men with depression. 93-94 Ogrodniczuk John J Professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of British Columbia (UBC) in Vancouver john.ogrodniczuk@ubc.ca. Oliffe John J Professor in the School of Nursing at UBC. Beharry Joshua J Project Manager for HeadsUpGuys

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2018 Canadian Family Physician

14. Detection and care practices for postpartum depressive symptoms in public-sector obstetric units in Mexico: Qualitative results from a resource-constrained setting. (PubMed)

Detection and care practices for postpartum depressive symptoms in public-sector obstetric units in Mexico: Qualitative results from a resource-constrained setting. Postpartum depression (PPD) is amenable to detection and treatment, but effectively addressing it is contingent on policies, practices, and health care providers working together to address the issue. The aim of this study is to describe a sample of health care providers' existing practices in public-sector obstetric units in Mexico (...) related to detecting and offering care to women with depressive symptomology.Semi-structured interviews with 40 health care providers (16 physicians, 13 nurses, three social workers, and eight psychologists) from one tertiary-level and two secondary-level, public-sector obstetric units, were conducted by members of a trained research team from May to July 2012. Qualitative data were analyzed in Spanish according to Grounded Theory, using Nvivo 10 software.Lack of hospital guidelines, training

2017 Birth

15. Treatment patterns, healthcare resource utilization, and costs following first-line antidepressant treatment in major depressive disorder: a retrospective US claims database analysis. (PubMed)

Treatment patterns, healthcare resource utilization, and costs following first-line antidepressant treatment in major depressive disorder: a retrospective US claims database analysis. Although the symptoms of major depressive disorder (MDD) are often manageable with pharmacotherapy, response to first-line antidepressant treatment is often less than optimal. This study describes long-term treatment patterns in MDD patients in the United States and quantifies the economic burden associated (...) "; "dose escalation"; "augmentation"; and "combination"). Treatment patterns through the fourth line of therapy within each cohort, healthcare resource utilization (HCRU), and cost analyses were restricted to patients with adequate treatment duration (defined as ≥42 days) in each line (analysis sub-sample, N = 21,088). HCRU and costs were described at the cohort and pattern levels. Treatment cohorts representing <5% of the analysis sub-sample were decided a priori not to be analyzed due to limited

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2017 BMC Psychiatry

16. A systematic review of screening instruments for depression for use in antenatal services in low resource settings. (PubMed)

A systematic review of screening instruments for depression for use in antenatal services in low resource settings. In low resource settings, short, valid and reliable instruments with good high sensitivity and specificity are essential for the screening of depression in antenatal care. A review of published evidence on screening instruments for depression for use in antenatal services in low resource settings was conducted. The aim of this review was to appraise the best available evidence (...) on screening instruments suitable for detecting depression in antenatal care in low resource settings.Searching, selection, quality assessment, and data abstraction was done by two reviewers. ScienceDirect, CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, SABINET and PsychARTICLES databases were searched using relevant search terms. Retrieved studies were evaluated for relevancy (whether psychometric data were reported) and quality. Data were synthesised and sensitivity and specificity of instruments were pooled using forest

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2017 BMC psychiatry

17. Personal resilience resources predict post-stem cell transplant cancer survivors’ psychological outcomes through reductions in depressive symptoms and meaning-making (PubMed)

Personal resilience resources predict post-stem cell transplant cancer survivors’ psychological outcomes through reductions in depressive symptoms and meaning-making This longitudinal study examined whether post-transplant cancer survivors (N = 254, 9 months to 3 years after stem cell transplant treatment) with greater personal resilience resources demonstrated better psychological outcomes and whether this could be attributed to reductions in depressive symptoms and/or four meaning-making (...) (PTSD) symptoms and purpose in life. Boot-strapped analyses tested mediation. Greater personal resilience resources predicted decreases in PTSD stress symptoms (b = -0.07, p = 0.005), mediated by reductions in depressive symptoms (b = -0.01, 95% CI: -0.027, -0.003) and in searching for a reason for one's illness (b = -0.01, 95% CI: -0.034, -0.0003). In addition, greater resilience resources predicted increases in purpose in life (b = 0.10, p < 0.001), mediated by reductions in depressive symptoms (b

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2017 Journal of psychosocial oncology

18. Childhood maltreatment, psychological resources, and depressive symptoms in women with breast cancer (PubMed)

Childhood maltreatment, psychological resources, and depressive symptoms in women with breast cancer Childhood maltreatment is associated with elevated risk for depression across the human lifespan. Identifying the pathways through which childhood maltreatment relates to depressive symptoms may elucidate intervention targets that have the potential to reduce the lifelong negative health sequelae of maltreatment exposure. In this cross-sectional study, 271 women with early-stage breast cancer (...) were assessed after their diagnosis but before the start of adjuvant treatment (chemotherapy, radiation, endocrine therapy). Participants completed measures of childhood maltreatment exposure, psychological resources (optimism, mastery, self-esteem, mindfulness), and depressive symptoms. Using multiple mediation analyses, we examined which psychological resources uniquely mediated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and depressive symptoms. Exposure to maltreatment during childhood

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2017 Child abuse & neglect

19. Depression in children and young people: identification and management

Recommendations for research 32 Key recommendations for research 32 Other recommendations for research 33 Rationale and impact 35 Treatments for mild depression 35 Treatments for moderate to severe depression 38 Context 41 Safeguarding children 42 Finding more information and resources 43 Update information 44 Depression in children and young people: identification and management (NG134) © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and- conditions#notice (...) Depression in children and young people: identification and management Depression in children and y Depression in children and young people: oung people: identification and management identification and management NICE guideline Published: 25 June 2019 www.nice.org.uk/guidance/ng134 © NICE 2019. All rights reserved. Subject to Notice of rights (https://www.nice.org.uk/terms-and-conditions#notice-of- rights).Y Y our responsibility our responsibility The recommendations in this guideline

2019 National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence - Clinical Guidelines

20. Quality of life and use of health care resources among patients with chronic depression (PubMed)

Quality of life and use of health care resources among patients with chronic depression This study estimates the health-related quality of life and the health care resource utilization of patients diagnosed with chronic depression (CD) in Spain.We used the Spanish National Health Survey 2011-2012, a cross-sectional survey representative at the national level, that selects people aged between 18 and 64 years (n=14,691). We estimated utility indices through the EuroQol five-dimensional (...) descriptive system questionnaire included in the survey. We calculated percentage use of health care resources (medical visits, hospitalizations, emergency services, and drug consumption) and average number of resources used when available. A systematic comparison was made between people diagnosed with CD and other chronic conditions (OCCs). The chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U-test, and Kruskal-Wallis test were used to determine the statistical significance of differences between comparison groups

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2016 Patient related outcome measures

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