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Death Certificate

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121. Avoidable mortality from respiratory tract infection and sudden unexplained death in children with chronic conditions: a data linkage study. (Full text)

Avoidable mortality from respiratory tract infection and sudden unexplained death in children with chronic conditions: a data linkage study. To determine the risk of death from two potentially avoidable causes with different aetiologies: respiratory tract infection (RTI) and sudden unexplained death (SUD) in children with and without chronic conditions.Whole-country, birth cohort study using linked administrative health databases from Scotland.Children aged 2 months to less than 5 years (...) conditions were very strongly associated with RTI mortality (2-11 months: HR 68.48, 95% CI (40.57 to 115.60), 1-4 years: HR 38.32, 95% CI (23.26 to 63.14)) and strongly associated with SUD (2-11 months: HR 2.42, 95% CI (1.67 to 3.63), 1-4 years: HR 2.53, 95% CI (1.36 to 4.71)).The very strong association with chronic conditions suggests that RTI-related mortality may sometimes be a consequence of a terminal decline and not possible to defer or prevent in all cases. Recording whether death was expected

2018 Archives of Disease in Childhood PubMed abstract

122. Mortality Related to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Co-morbidities in the United States, A Multiple Causes of Death Analysis. (Abstract)

Mortality Related to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Co-morbidities in the United States, A Multiple Causes of Death Analysis. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality based on the underlying cause of death (UCOD) underestimates disease burden. We aimed to determine the current COPD mortality rate, trends and the distribution of co-morbidities using United States (US) multiple-cause of death (MCOD) records. All 38,905,575 death certificates of decedents aged ≥45 years (...) the burden of COPD in the United States. MCOD rates were twice as high as UCOD rates. The relative change in death percent or rates differed between MCOD and UCOD. MCOD analysis should be repeated periodically to help evaluate the burden of COPD-related mortality.

2018 COPD

123. Problems in the Medical Certification of Causes of Death: Committee on Medical Certification of Causes of Death—Statistics Section (Full text)

Problems in the Medical Certification of Causes of Death: Committee on Medical Certification of Causes of Death—Statistics Section 13487880 2000 07 01 2018 12 01 0002-9572 48 1 1958 Jan American journal of public health and the nation's health Am J Public Health Nations Health PROBLEMS in the medical certification of causes of death. 71-80 eng Journal Article United States Am J Public Health Nations Health 1254075 0002-9572 OM Cause of Death Certification Death Humans Medical Records 5833

1958 American Journal of Public Health and the Nations Health PubMed abstract

124. Drug involvement in fatal overdoses (Full text)

Drug involvement in fatal overdoses Death certificate data from the Multiple Cause of Death (MCOD) files were analyzed to better understand the drug categories most responsible for the increase in fatal overdoses occurring between 1999 and 2014. Statistical adjustment methods were used to account for the understatement in reported drug involvement occurring because death certificates frequently do not specify which drugs were involved in the deaths. The frequency of combination drug use (...) introduced additional uncertainty and so a distinction was made between any versus exclusive drug involvement. Many results were sensitive to the starting and ending years chosen for examination. Opioid analgesics played a major role in the increased drug deaths for analysis windows starting in 1999 but other drugs, particularly heroin, became more significant for recent time periods. Combination drug use was important for all time periods and needs to be accounted for when designing policies to slow

2017 SSM - population health PubMed abstract

125. Wearable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Therapy for the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death (Full text)

of the WCD in this patient population. Recommendation WCDs may be appropriate as bridging therapy in situations associated with increased risk of death in which ICDs have been shown to reduce SCD but not overall survival such as within 40 days of MI ( Class IIb; Level of Evidence C ). 48,52 After CABG or PCI Patients with LVEF ≤0.35 have higher mortality after CABG than those with preserved LVEF, and of those who die in the postoperative period, half have an SCD. On the other hand, up to 50% of patients (...) , there was no difference in the risk of all-cause mortality. However, the risk of arrhythmic death was lower in the ICD group (hazard ratio, 0.42; P =0.009), but overall survival was no different, largely because patients in the ICD group had a higher risk of cardiac, nonarrhythmic death (hazard ratio, 1.72; P =0.05). A likely explanation is that many prominent risk factors for SCD, including heart failure, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, conduction disease, and inducible VT with programmed stimulation

2016 American Heart Association PubMed abstract

126. Causes of death in patients with Berardinelli-Seip congenital generalized lipodystrophy. (Full text)

Causes of death in patients with Berardinelli-Seip congenital generalized lipodystrophy. Berardinelli-Seip Congenital Lipodystrophy (BSCL) is a rare autosomal recessive disease that affects the development of adipocytes and leads to an inability to store fat in adipocytes. This study aimed to evaluate the life expectancy and the causes of death of patients with BSCL.We analyzed death certificates, and medical records of BSCL patients who died between 1997 and 2017. If the death certificate (...) was incomplete or unavailable, we reviewed the medical records, and if they were not available too, we collected information from the patient's relatives to understand how the death happened. We calculated the potential years of life lost as a result of premature death.Twenty patients (12 female and 8 male) died between 1997 and 2017. The mean age at the time of death was 27.1±12.4 years (women 25.2±12.5 vs. men 29.9±12.6 years, p = 0.41). Life expectancy for the study population was 62.9±4.8 years

2018 PLoS ONE PubMed abstract

127. Range in systolic blood pressure and care-needs certification in long-term care insurance in community-dwelling older patients with chronic kidney disease (Full text)

Range in systolic blood pressure and care-needs certification in long-term care insurance in community-dwelling older patients with chronic kidney disease Objective Low systolic blood pressure (SBP) is associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular morbidity/mortality in older patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The present study evaluated the association between range in blood pressure and first care-needs certification in the Long-term Care Insurance (LTCI) system or death (...) in community-dwelling older subjects with or without CKD. Methods CKD was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2 or dipstick proteinuria of + or greater. Our study was conducted in 1078 older subjects aged 65-94 years. Associations were estimated using the Cox proportional hazards model. Results During 5 years of follow-up, 135 first certifications and 53 deaths occurred. Among patients with CKD, moderate SBP (130-159 mmHg) was associated with a significantly lower adjusted

2017 The Journal of international medical research PubMed abstract

128. Who and where are the uncounted children? Inequalities in birth certificate coverage among children under five years in 94 countries using nationally representative household surveys (Full text)

Who and where are the uncounted children? Inequalities in birth certificate coverage among children under five years in 94 countries using nationally representative household surveys Birth registration, and the possession of a birth certificate as proof of registration, has long been recognized as a fundamental human right. Data from a functioning civil registration and vital statistics (CRVS) system allows governments to benefit from accurate and universal data on birth and death rates (...) . However, access to birth certificates remains challenging and unequal in many low and middle-income countries. This paper examines wealth, urban/rural and gender inequalities in birth certificate coverage.We analyzed nationally representative household surveys from 94 countries between 2000 and 2014 using Demographic Health Surveys and Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys. Birth certificate coverage among children under five was examined at the national and regional level. Absolute measures

2017 International journal for equity in health PubMed abstract

129. An evaluation of national birth certificate data for neonatal seizure epidemiology. (Full text)

An evaluation of national birth certificate data for neonatal seizure epidemiology. Seizures are a common manifestation of neurologic dysfunction in neonates and carry a high risk for mortality and adverse long-term outcomes. U.S. birth certificates are a potentially valuable source for studying the epidemiology of neonatal seizures. However, the quality of the data is understudied.We reviewed all U.S. birth records from 2003 to 2013 to describe the following: (1) rates of missing data, (2 (...) ) evidence of underreporting, and (3) effect of the 2003 revision of the birth certificate form. We evaluated missingness by state, year, demographic, infant health, and medical care factors using bivariate analyses. To measure potential underreporting, we compared estimates to a published reference (0.95 per 1,000 term births). We developed criteria for data plausibility, and reported which states met these criteria.Of 22,834,395 live term births (≥36 weeks of gestation) recorded using the revised form

2017 Epilepsia PubMed abstract

130. An exploration of reported mortality from cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma using death certification and cancer registry data. (Abstract)

An exploration of reported mortality from cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma using death certification and cancer registry data. Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is increasing in incidence but mortality rates are low. Identifying high-risk tumours is important when rationalizing clinical review for patients with cSCC.To assess the accuracy of death certification in cases of reported fatal cSCC and to identify risk factors for fatal cSCC.A retrospective, observational study of cases (...) of fatal cSCC over 11 years (1993-2004) in Leeds, identified in cancer registry and death certification data.Fifty-eight patients were recorded by the registry as having fatal cSCC in this period. Review of case notes and pathology specimens, where available (34 cases), confirmed that 21/34 patients had died of cSCC. Five were on the ear and none on the lip. Four patients had been treated for leukaemia or lymphoma and one was a renal transplant recipient. On pathology review five patients proved

2013 British Journal of Dermatology

131. Herpes Zoster-Related Deaths in the United States: Validity of Death Certificates and Mortality Rates 1979-2007. (Full text)

Herpes Zoster-Related Deaths in the United States: Validity of Death Certificates and Mortality Rates 1979-2007. Herpes zoster (HZ) vaccine was recommended in the United States to reduce HZ-associated morbidity. Vaccination may reduce HZ-associated mortality, but no strategy exists to monitor mortality trends.We validated HZ coding on death certificates from California, using hospital records as the gold standard, and applied the results to national-level data to estimate HZ mortality.In (...) cause for 6 (16.2%). Nationally, in the 7 years preceding the HZ vaccination program, the average annual number of deaths in which HZ was reported as the underlying cause of death was 149; however, based on our validation study, we estimate the true number was 78 (range, 31-118).National death certificate data greatly overestimate deaths in which HZ is the underlying or contributing cause of death. The HZ vaccination program could prevent some HZ-related deaths, but the impact will be difficult

2012 Clinical Infectious Diseases PubMed abstract

132. Variations in Cause-of-Death Determination for Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths. (Full text)

Variations in Cause-of-Death Determination for Sudden Unexpected Infant Deaths. To quantify and describe variation in cause-of-death certification of sudden unexpected infant deaths (SUIDs) among US medical examiners and coroners.From January to November 2014, we conducted a nationally representative survey of US medical examiners and coroners who certify infant deaths. Two-stage unequal probability sampling with replacement was used. Medical examiners and coroners were asked to classify SUIDs (...) SUID, and thus, they certify the same deaths differently. This variability influences surveillance and research, impacts true understanding of infant mortality causes, and inhibits our ability to accurately monitor and ultimately prevent future deaths. Findings may inform future strategies for promoting standardized practices for SUID classification.Copyright © 2017 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

2017 Pediatrics PubMed abstract

133. Ascertainment of Vital Status Among People With Criminal Justice Involvement Using Department of Corrections Records, the US National Death Index, and Social Security Master Death Files (Full text)

, N.I.H., Extramural United States Am J Epidemiol 7910653 0002-9262 IM Criminal Law statistics & numerical data Criminals statistics & numerical data Databases, Factual Death Certificates Epidemiological Monitoring Female Humans Male Mortality Prisoners statistics & numerical data United States United States Social Security Administration statistics & numerical data 2016 07 05 2016 12 02 2017 4 8 6 0 2018 11 21 6 0 2017 4 8 6 0 ppublish 28387782 3109242 10.1093/aje/kww221 PMC5430939 J Am Med Inform (...) Ascertainment of Vital Status Among People With Criminal Justice Involvement Using Department of Corrections Records, the US National Death Index, and Social Security Master Death Files 28387782 2018 11 20 2018 11 20 1476-6256 185 10 2017 05 15 American journal of epidemiology Am. J. Epidemiol. Ascertainment of Vital Status Among People With Criminal Justice Involvement Using Department of Corrections Records, the US National Death Index, and Social Security Master Death Files. 982-985 10.1093

2017 American Journal of Epidemiology PubMed abstract

134. Using National Inpatient Death Rates as a Benchmark to Identify Hospitals with Inaccurate Cause of Death Reporting — Missouri, 2009–2012 (Full text)

reported by hospitals with high inpatient death rates in St. Louis and Kansas City metro areas. Among the selected hospitals with high inpatient death rates, 45.8% of death certificates indicated an underlying cause of death that was inconsistent with CDC's Guidelines for Death Certificate completion. Selected hospitals with high inpatient death rates were more likely to overreport heart disease and renal disease, and underreport cancer as an underlying cause of death. Based on these findings (...) , the Missouri DHSS initiated a new web-based training module for death certificate completion based on the CDC guidelines in an effort to improve accuracy in cause of death reporting.

2017 MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report PubMed abstract

135. Relationship Between Dietary Protein Intake and Fatal and Non-fatal Health Outcomes

Completion Date : January 2017 Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine related topics: Groups and Cohorts Go to Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : All-cause mortality [ Time Frame: Mean of 7 years ] Date and cause of death were obtained from death certificates CVD incidence [ Time Frame: Mean of 6.1 years ] Date and cause of hospital admissions were identified via record linkage to Health Episode Statistics (HES) records for England and Wales and to the Scottish (...) Cardiovascular Diseases Cancer All-cause Mortality Other: None as this is an observational study Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Observational Actual Enrollment : 502628 participants Observational Model: Cohort Time Perspective: Prospective Official Title: Relationship Between Dietary Protein Intake and Fatal and Non-fatal Health Outcomes in 180,031 UK Biobank Participants Actual Study Start Date : April 2007 Actual Primary Completion Date : December 2010 Actual Study

2017 Clinical Trials

136. Examination of Cause-of-Death Data Quality among NYC Deaths due to Cancer, Pneumonia, or Diabetes from 2010 to 2014. (Full text)

Examination of Cause-of-Death Data Quality among NYC Deaths due to Cancer, Pneumonia, or Diabetes from 2010 to 2014. The cause-of-death (COD) statement on the standard US death certificate is a valuable tool for public health practice, but its utility is impaired by reporting inaccuracies. To assess the quality of CODs reported in New York City, we developed and applied a quality measure to 3 leading CODs: cancer, pneumonia, and diabetes. The COD quality measure characterized 5 common issues (...) with COD completion: nonspecific conditions as the underlying COD (UCOD); UCOD discrepancies; the presence of only 1 informative cause on the entire certificate; competing causes listed together on 1 line; and clinically improbable sequences. COD statements with more than 1 quality issue were defined as statements of "limited" quality. Of 82,116 deaths with cancer, diabetes, or pneumonia assigned as the UCOD in New York City from 2010 to 2014, 66.8% of pneumonia certificates were classified as "limited

2017 American Journal of Epidemiology PubMed abstract

137. Unclassified drug overdose deaths in the opioid crisis: emerging patterns of inequity. (Full text)

in the overdose mortality records (as defined by the use of ICD-10 T50.9 on death certificates). We examined individual disparities in decedent-level multivariate logistic regression models, geographic disparities in spatial analysis (heat maps), and economic disparities in a combination of temporal trend analyses (descriptive statistics) and both decedent- and county-level multivariate logistic regression models.Our analyses consistently found higher rates of unclassified overdoses in decedents of female (...) Unclassified drug overdose deaths in the opioid crisis: emerging patterns of inequity. Examine whether individual, geographic, and economic phenotypes predict missing data on specific drug involvement in overdose deaths, manifesting inequities in overdose mortality data, which is a key data source used in measuring the opioid epidemic.We combined national data sources (mortality, demographic, economic, and geographic) from 2014-2016 in a multi-method analysis of missing drug classification

2019 Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association PubMed abstract

138. Causes of death among persons diagnosed with hepatitis C infection in the pre and post DAA era in England: a record linkage study. (Abstract)

of HCV during the study period died. Among them, external causes (accidental poisoning from drugs) and liver disease (end-stage liver disease, liver cancer, hepatitis, alcohol- and non-alcohol-related) were the leading underlying causes of death (18% and 34.5%, respectively); the latter increased to 49.2% if reported anywhere on the death certificate. Median age of death was lower in persons with evidence of HCV than the general population (53 years vs 81 years). A higher proportion of persons (...) with HCV died of external causes, liver disease and HIV compared to the general population (P < 0.001). Potential impact of new HCV treatments was observed as a relative reduction in liver-related deaths in 2016 compared with 2015. Recording of HCV as a contributory cause of death was 28.4% for all underlying causes, but 58.8% among the subgroup who died of liver disease. Data linkage between laboratory diagnosis and deaths data is an important tool for monitoring all-cause mortality among those

2019 Journal of viral hepatitis

139. Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy. A nationwide population-based study. (Abstract)

Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy. A nationwide population-based study. The incidence of sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP) varies between studies. We determined the incidence of SUDEP in the entire Icelandic population during a 20-year period.All individuals in Iceland with epilepsy who died unexpectedly from January 1, 1991 through December 31, 2010 were included. Case ascertainment was based on autopsies, reimbursement for antiepileptic drugs, death certificates, information from (...) 1000 person-years. SUDEP accounted for 0.1% of all deaths in Iceland during the study period.SUDEP is an important cause of death in working-age people. This study provides the incidence of SUDEP in an unselected population of an entire country. The SUDEP incidence in the epilepsy population is comparable to that of previous studies.Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2019 International League Against Epilepsy.

2019 Epilepsia

140. Place of death by region and urbanization among gynecologic cancer patients: 2006-2016. (Abstract)

Place of death by region and urbanization among gynecologic cancer patients: 2006-2016. To evaluate associations between US region of residence and urbanization and the place of death among women with gynecologic malignancies in the United States.A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed using publicly available death certificate data from the National Center for Health Statistics. All gynecologic cancer deaths were included from 2006 to 2016. Comparisons among categories were (...) performed with a two-tailed chi-square test, with p-values <0.05 considered significant.From 2006 to 2016, 328,026 women died from gynecologic malignancies in the US. Of these deaths, 40.1% (n = 134,333) occurred in the patient's home, 24.9%(n = 81,823) in the hospital, and 11.3% (37,188) in an inpatient hospice facility. Place of death varied by geographic region. The Northeast had the largest percentage of gynecologic cancer patients (31.3%) die as a hospital inpatient. The West had the highest

2019 Gynecologic Oncology

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