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Death Certificate

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101. Overview and Development of the Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance Determination of Cause of Death (DeCoDe) Process and DeCoDe Diagnosis Standards. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Overview and Development of the Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance Determination of Cause of Death (DeCoDe) Process and DeCoDe Diagnosis Standards. Mortality surveillance and cause of death data are instrumental in improving health, identifying diseases and conditions that cause a high burden of preventable deaths, and allocating resources to prevent these deaths. The Child Health and Mortality Prevention Surveillance (CHAMPS) network uses a standardized process to define (...) , assign, and code causes of stillbirth and child death (<5 years of age) across the CHAMPS network. A Determination of Cause of Death (DeCoDe) panel composed of experts from a local CHAMPS site analyzes all available individual information, including laboratory, histopathology, abstracted clinical records, and verbal autopsy findings for each case and, if applicable, also for the mother. Using this information, the site panel ascertains the underlying cause (event that precipitated the fatal sequence

2019 Clinical Infectious Diseases

102. Exercise related sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the young - Pre-mortal characterization of a Swedish nationwide cohort, showing a decline in SCD among athletes. (Abstract)

Exercise related sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the young - Pre-mortal characterization of a Swedish nationwide cohort, showing a decline in SCD among athletes. To study the frequency, etiology, and premortal abnormalities in exercise-related sudden cardiac death (SCD) in the young in Sweden.All subjects with SCD in 10-35-year olds in Sweden during 2000-10, were included (n = 514). Information about each case was retrieved from death certifications, autopsy- and medical records. The number (...) of SCD in athletes was compared to national figures from 1992-99.Exercise-related SCD occurred in 12% (62/514) of the SCD-population, a majority being men (56/62; 90%). Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was started in 87% (54/62). In total, 48% (30/62), had a cardiac diagnosis, symptoms, family history and/or ECG-changes, before the fatal event. The most prevalent autopsy diagnosis was sudden arrhythmic death syndrome (15/62; 24%). The frequency of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM

2019 Resuscitation

103. On the estimation of population cause-specific mortality fractions from in-hospital deaths. Full Text available with Trip Pro

On the estimation of population cause-specific mortality fractions from in-hospital deaths. Almost all countries without complete vital registration systems have data on deaths collected by hospitals. However, these data have not been widely used to estimate cause of death (COD) patterns in populations because only a non-representative fraction of people in these countries die in health facilities. Methods that can exploit hospital mortality statistics to reliably estimate community COD (...) patterns are required to strengthen the evidence base for disease and injury control programs. We propose a method that weights hospital-certified causes by the probability of death to estimate population cause-specific mortality fractions (CSMFs).We used an established verbal autopsy instrument (VAI) to collect data from hospital catchment areas in Chandpur and Comilla Districts, Bangladesh, and Bohol province, the Philippines, between 2011 and 2014, along with demographic covariates for each death

2019 BMC Medicine

104. Trends of Keratinocyte Carcinoma Mortality Rates in the United States as Reported on Death Certificates, 1999 Through 2010. (Abstract)

Trends of Keratinocyte Carcinoma Mortality Rates in the United States as Reported on Death Certificates, 1999 Through 2010. From 1969 to 1998, keratinocyte carcinoma (KC) mortality rates declined as reported on death certificates, despite increasing incidence of KC.To estimate KC mortality trends from 1999 to 2010 in the United States.Descriptive and linear regression analysis using population-based death certificate data from the US National Center for Health Statistics.On average, 1,491 (...) and KC mortality existed for men (p = .004) but not for women (p = .379). Genital KC deaths increased with age (p < .001), in women (p < .001), and in less urbanized areas for white males (p < .001).Keratinocyte carcinoma poses a serious health burden, which may be underestimated by death certificate reporting. Mortality rates are no longer declining. Increasing awareness of genital and nongenital KC, especially the elderly, and population-based studies with controlled reporting of KC mortality

2014 Dermatologic Surgery

105. Chronic Pain Among Suicide Decedents, 2003 to 2014: Findings From the National Violent Death Reporting System. Full Text available with Trip Pro

and to characterize suicide decedents with and without chronic pain.Retrospective analysis of National Violent Death Reporting System (NVDRS) data. The NVDRS links death certificate, coroner or medical examiner, and law enforcement data collected by investigators, who often interview informants who knew the decedent to gather information on precipitating circumstances surrounding the suicide. Information is abstracted by using standard coding guidance developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.18 (...) Chronic Pain Among Suicide Decedents, 2003 to 2014: Findings From the National Violent Death Reporting System. More than 25 million adults in the United States have chronic pain. Chronic pain has been associated with suicidality, but previous studies primarily examined nonfatal suicidal behaviors rather than suicide deaths associated with chronic pain or the characteristics of such deaths.To estimate the prevalence of chronic pain among suicide decedents in a large multistate sample

2018 Annals of Internal Medicine

106. Synergistic Effects of Forensic Medicine and Traumatology: Comparison of Clinical Diagnosis Autopsy Findings in Trauma-Related Deaths. Full Text available with Trip Pro

, and autopsy reports were retrospectively evaluated and the clinical findings matched to autopsy results.The observed mortality rates (13.7%) were 4.2% less than expected by the calculated RISC II probability of survival (mortality rate of 17.9%). The most frequent trauma victims were due to falls >3 m (n = 29), followed by traffic accidents (n = 28). The median ISS was 34, IQR 25, and the median New ISS (NISS) was 50, IQR 32. Locations of death were in emergency department (23.9%), ICU (73.2 (...) functions, especially for the most severely injured patients. Furthermore, autopsies not only reveal hidden injuries, but also verify clinical assumed causes of death.During the study period of 3 years, a total of 517 trauma patients were admitted to our supraregional University Centre of Orthopaedics and Traumatology in Dresden. 13.7% (71/517) of the patients died after trauma, and in 25 cases (35.2%), a forensic autopsy was instructed by the federal prosecutor. The medical records, death certificates

2020 World Journal of Surgery

107. Specific causes of death in patients with bullous pemphigoid as measured by death certificate data: a retrospective cohort study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Specific causes of death in patients with bullous pemphigoid as measured by death certificate data: a retrospective cohort study. Mortality rates in patients with bullous pemphigoid (BP) are higher than those in age-matched counterparts. However, the specific causes of death in BP subjects have not been evaluated systematically.We sought to characterize the causes of death in patients with BP as recorded by death certificate and to compare these with death data for age- and location-matched (...) control subjects.This was a retrospective cohort analysis conducted in a large tertiary referral center. Twenty-seven participants who had a confirmed antemortem diagnosis of BP, were residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, and had died between January 1, 1999, and January 1, 2009, were included in the study. Underlying cause of death and multiple causes of death data for the study population were compared with data sourced from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for a control group

2013 International Journal of Dermatology

108. Use of Death Certificates to Identify Tuberculosis-Related Deaths in Washington State. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Use of Death Certificates to Identify Tuberculosis-Related Deaths in Washington State. Death certificates are routinely used to estimate tuberculosis (TB) mortality rates. The validity of International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) codes and text cause of death data for this purpose is uncertain.To evaluate the accuracy of ICD-10 coded and text cause of death data in identifying TB-related deaths in Washington State.Cross-sectional descriptive study comparing TB-related (...) deaths detected through Washington State death certificates to TB-related deaths identified in the Washington State TB registry during 2009-2010.Sensitivity and positive predictive value of ICD-10 coded and text cause of death definitions in identifying TB-related deaths compared to the TB registry.All methods for identifying TB-related deaths using death certificate data overestimated the number of TB-related deaths compared to the tuberculosis registry. The positive predictive value ranged from 22

2013 Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

109. Magnitude of discordance between registry data and death certificate when evaluating leading causes of death in dialysis patients. Full Text available with Trip Pro

% and 4.8%, respectively.While absolute cause-specific mortality rates did differ, evaluation of causes of death using death certificate in dialysis patients in Quebec revealed that they do not have substantially different proportion of death due to CVD or infections than the general population. Infections appeared to be a frequent complication leading to death, suggesting that infections are an important target to consider for reducing mortality in dialysis populations. (...) Magnitude of discordance between registry data and death certificate when evaluating leading causes of death in dialysis patients. Discordance between dialysis registry and death certificate reported death has been demonstrated. Since cause of death is measured using registry data in dialysis patients and death certificate data in the general population, comparisons of cause of death proportions between dialysis patients and the general population may be biased. Our aim was to compare

2013 BMC Medical Research Methodology

110. Factors associated with the goal of treatment in the last week of life in old compared to very old patients: a population-based death certificate survey. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Factors associated with the goal of treatment in the last week of life in old compared to very old patients: a population-based death certificate survey. Little is known about the type of care older people of different ages receive at the end of life. The goal of treatment is an important parameter of the quality of end-of-life care. This study aims to provide an evaluation of the main goal of treatment in the last week of life of people aged 86 and older compared with those between 75 and 85 (...) and to examine how treatment goals are associated with age.Population- based cross sectional survey in Flanders, Belgium. A stratified random sample of death certificates was drawn of people who died between 1 June and 30 November 2007. The effective study sample included 3,623 deaths (response rate: 58.4%). Non-sudden deaths of patients aged 75 years and older were selected (N = 1681). Main outcome was the main goal of treatment in the last week of life (palliative care or life-prolonging/curative treatment

2014 BMC Geriatrics Controlled trial quality: uncertain

111. 111 Investigation of the validity of cardiovascular death certification amongst uk Indian asians and europeans. (Abstract)

111 Investigation of the validity of cardiovascular death certification amongst uk Indian asians and europeans.

2014 Heart

112. Excess mortality related to circulatory system diseases and diabetes mellitus among Italian AIDS patients vs. non-AIDS population: a population-based cohort study using the multiple causes-of-death approach. Full Text available with Trip Pro

to assess whether people with AIDS (PWA) experience also an increased mortality for CSDs and diabetes mellitus (DM), as compared to the non-AIDS general population (non-PWA).A nationwide, population-based, retrospective cohort study was conducted including 5285 Italians, aged 15-74 years, who were diagnosed with AIDS between 2006 and 2011. Multiple cause-of-death (MCoD) data, i.e. all conditions reported in death certificates, were retrieved through record-linkage with the National Register of Causes (...) of Death up to 2011. Using MCoD data, sex- and age-standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated by dividing the observed number of PWA reporting a specific disease among MCoD to the expected number, estimated on the basis of mortality rates (based on MCoD) of non-PWA.Among 1229 deceased PWA, CSDs were mentioned in 201 (16.4%) certificates and DM in 46 (3.7%) certificates among the various causes of death. These values corresponded to a 13-fold higher

2018 BMC Infectious Diseases

113. Infant and Youth Mortality Trends by Race/Ethnicity and Cause of Death in the United States. Full Text available with Trip Pro

of death, and compare mortality rates with Canada and England/Wales.This descriptive study analyzed death certificate data from the US National Center for Health Statistics, Statistics Canada, and the UK Office of National Statistics for all deaths among individuals younger than 25 years. The study took place from January 1, 1999, to December 31, 2015, and analyses started in September 2017.Race/ethnicity.Average annual percent changes in mortality rates from 1999 to 2015 and absolute rate change (...) Infant and Youth Mortality Trends by Race/Ethnicity and Cause of Death in the United States. The United States has higher infant and youth mortality rates than other high-income countries, with striking disparities by racial/ethnic group. Understanding changing trends by age and race/ethnicity for leading causes of death is imperative for focused intervention.To estimate trends in US infant and youth mortality rates from 1999 to 2015 by age group and race/ethnicity, identify leading causes

2018 JAMA pediatrics

114. Smoking and Mortality in Tianjin, China: A Death Registry–Based Case-Control Study, 2010–2014 Full Text available with Trip Pro

Smoking and Mortality in Tianjin, China: A Death Registry–Based Case-Control Study, 2010–2014 We conducted a mortality case-control study to assess the risks of all-cause and major causes of death attributable to smoking in Tianjin from 2010 through 2014. The death registry-based study used data from The Tianjin All Causes of Death Surveillance System, which collects information routinely on smoking of the deceased in the death certificate of Tianjin Centers for Disease Control (...) and Prevention.Cases (n = 154,086) and controls (n = 25,476) were deaths at 35 to 79 years from smoking-related and nonsmoking-related causes, respectively. Mortality rate ratios (RRs) for ever smokers versus never smokers, with adjustment for sex, 5-year age group, education, marital status, and year of death, and smoking-attributed fractions were calculated.The RRs in men were 1.38 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.33-1.43) for all causes and 3.07 (95% CI, 2.91-3.24) for lung cancer, and in women were 1.46 (95

2018 Preventing chronic disease

115. Trends in Texas maternal mortality by maternal age, race/ethnicity, and cause of death, 2006-2015. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Trends in Texas maternal mortality by maternal age, race/ethnicity, and cause of death, 2006-2015. Maternal mortality is a sentinel indicator of health care quality. Our purpose was to analyze trends in Texas maternal mortality by demographic characteristics and cause of death, and to evaluate data quality.Maternal mortality data were initially analyzed by single years, but then were grouped into 5-year averages (2006-2010 and 2011-2015) for more detailed analyses. Rates were computed per 100 (...) increased by 121% for women ≥40 years and by 55% for women <40 years. The rate increased by 132% for nonspecific causes of death, and by 54% for specific causes. Rates for women <40 years for specific causes increased by 36%.The observed increase in maternal mortality in Texas from 2006-2010 to 2011-2015 is likely a result of both a true increase in rates and increased overreporting of maternal deaths, as indicated by implausibly high and increasing rates for women aged ≥40 years and among nonspecific

2018 Birth

116. Asthma-Related Mortality in the United States of America, 1999-2015: A Multiple Causes of Death Analysis. (Abstract)

Asthma-Related Mortality in the United States of America, 1999-2015: A Multiple Causes of Death Analysis. Asthma mortality based on the underlying cause of death (UCOD) underestimates disease burden.To analyze asthma mortality in the United States from 1999 to 2015 and the pattern of reporting of asthma and its comorbidities in death certificates, using multiple cause of death (MCOD) records.All 156,517 death certificates with any mention of asthma were analyzed for 1999 to 2015. Asthma (...) was defined by International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision code J45 based on the UCOD or MCOD. Annual age-adjusted asthma death rates were computed according to age, sex, and race/ethnicity. The 6,304 MCOD coded status asthmaticus cases (J46) were also examined.From 1999 to 2015 a total of 59,067 deaths with a UCOD of asthma occurred; 37,832 deaths occurred in females and 21,235 in males (female-male ratio = 1.78). A total of 156,517 deaths with MCOD of asthma occurred; 101,371 deaths occurred

2018 Asthma & Immunology

117. Avoidable mortality from respiratory tract infection and sudden unexplained death in children with chronic conditions: a data linkage study. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Avoidable mortality from respiratory tract infection and sudden unexplained death in children with chronic conditions: a data linkage study. To determine the risk of death from two potentially avoidable causes with different aetiologies: respiratory tract infection (RTI) and sudden unexplained death (SUD) in children with and without chronic conditions.Whole-country, birth cohort study using linked administrative health databases from Scotland.Children aged 2 months to less than 5 years (...) conditions were very strongly associated with RTI mortality (2-11 months: HR 68.48, 95% CI (40.57 to 115.60), 1-4 years: HR 38.32, 95% CI (23.26 to 63.14)) and strongly associated with SUD (2-11 months: HR 2.42, 95% CI (1.67 to 3.63), 1-4 years: HR 2.53, 95% CI (1.36 to 4.71)).The very strong association with chronic conditions suggests that RTI-related mortality may sometimes be a consequence of a terminal decline and not possible to defer or prevent in all cases. Recording whether death was expected

2018 Archives of Disease in Childhood

118. Mortality Related to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Co-morbidities in the United States, A Multiple Causes of Death Analysis. (Abstract)

Mortality Related to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Co-morbidities in the United States, A Multiple Causes of Death Analysis. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) mortality based on the underlying cause of death (UCOD) underestimates disease burden. We aimed to determine the current COPD mortality rate, trends and the distribution of co-morbidities using United States (US) multiple-cause of death (MCOD) records. All 38,905,575 death certificates of decedents aged ≥45 years (...) the burden of COPD in the United States. MCOD rates were twice as high as UCOD rates. The relative change in death percent or rates differed between MCOD and UCOD. MCOD analysis should be repeated periodically to help evaluate the burden of COPD-related mortality.

2018 COPD

119. Problems in the Medical Certification of Causes of Death: Committee on Medical Certification of Causes of Death—Statistics Section Full Text available with Trip Pro

Problems in the Medical Certification of Causes of Death: Committee on Medical Certification of Causes of Death—Statistics Section 13487880 2000 07 01 2018 12 01 0002-9572 48 1 1958 Jan American journal of public health and the nation's health Am J Public Health Nations Health PROBLEMS in the medical certification of causes of death. 71-80 eng Journal Article United States Am J Public Health Nations Health 1254075 0002-9572 OM Cause of Death Certification Death Humans Medical Records 5833

1958 American Journal of Public Health and the Nations Health

120. Drug involvement in fatal overdoses Full Text available with Trip Pro

Drug involvement in fatal overdoses Death certificate data from the Multiple Cause of Death (MCOD) files were analyzed to better understand the drug categories most responsible for the increase in fatal overdoses occurring between 1999 and 2014. Statistical adjustment methods were used to account for the understatement in reported drug involvement occurring because death certificates frequently do not specify which drugs were involved in the deaths. The frequency of combination drug use (...) introduced additional uncertainty and so a distinction was made between any versus exclusive drug involvement. Many results were sensitive to the starting and ending years chosen for examination. Opioid analgesics played a major role in the increased drug deaths for analysis windows starting in 1999 but other drugs, particularly heroin, became more significant for recent time periods. Combination drug use was important for all time periods and needs to be accounted for when designing policies to slow

2017 SSM - population health

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