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Death Certificate

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21. Mortality and quality of death certification in a cohort of patients with Parkinson's disease and matched controls in North Wales, UK at 18 years: a community-based cohort study. (PubMed)

Mortality and quality of death certification in a cohort of patients with Parkinson's disease and matched controls in North Wales, UK at 18 years: a community-based cohort study. This investigation reports the cause and the quality of death certification in a community cohort of patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and controls at 18 years.Denbighshire North Wales, UK.The community-based cohorts consisted of 166 patients with PD and 102 matched controls.All-cause mortality was ascertained (...) at 18 years by review of hospitals' primary care records and examination of death certificates obtained from the UK General Register Office. Mortality HRs were estimated using Cox proportional regression, controlling for covariates including age at study entry, age at death, gender, motor function, mood, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and cognitive function.After 18 years, 158 (95%) of patients in the PD cohort and 34 (33%) in the control cohort had died. Compared with the general UK

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2018 BMJ open

22. A Multiple-Imputation "Forward Bridging" Approach to Address Changes in the Classification of Asian Race/Ethnicity on the US Death Certificate. (PubMed)

A Multiple-Imputation "Forward Bridging" Approach to Address Changes in the Classification of Asian Race/Ethnicity on the US Death Certificate. The incomparability of old and new classification systems for describing the same data can be seen as a missing-data problem, and, under certain assumptions, multiple imputation may be used to "bridge" 2 classification systems. One example of such a change is the introduction of detailed Asian-American race/ethnicity classifications on the 2003 version (...) of the US national death certificate, which was adopted for use by 38 states between 2003 and 2011. Using county- and decedent-level data from 3 different national sources for pre- and postadoption years, we fitted within-state multiple-imputation models to impute ethnicities for decedents classified as "other Asian" during preadoption years. We present mortality rates derived using 3 different methods of calculation: 1) including all states but ignoring the gradual adoption of the new death certificate

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2018 American Journal of Epidemiology

23. Quality of death certification in Colombia (PubMed)

Quality of death certification in Colombia To evaluate the quality of the certification of general death and cancer in Colombia.Validity indicators were described for each province and the cities of Bogotá, Cali, Manizales, Pasto and Bucaramanga. A factorial analysis of principal components was carried out in order to identify non-obvious relationships.Were analyzed 984,159 deaths, among them there were 164,542 deaths due to cancer. 93.7% of the general mortality was well certified (...) . The predominant errors were signs, symptoms and ill-defined conditions. 92.8% of cancer mortality was well certified. The predominant errors were due to poorly defined cancer sites.Certification of quality indicators in Colombia has improved. Given the good performance of the quality indicators for certificating general death and cancer, it is considered that this is a valid input for the estimation of cancer incidences.

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2018 Colombia Médica : CM

24. Death certificate: admitting uncertainty (PubMed)

Death certificate: admitting uncertainty 30046550 2018 11 14 2236-1960 8 2 2018 Apr-Jun Autopsy & case reports Autops Case Rep Death certificate: admitting uncertainty. e2018024 10.4322/acr.2018.024 Rocha Luiz Otávio Savassi LOS Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Faculty of Medicine, Internal Medicine Department. Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil. eng Editorial 2018 06 08 Brazil Autops Case Rep 101640070 2236-1960 Conflict of interest: None 2018 05 22 2018 7 27 6 0 2018 7 27 6 0 2018 7 27 6 1

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2018 Autopsy & Case Reports

25. Insights on dying, dementia and death certificates (PubMed)

Insights on dying, dementia and death certificates For our master thesis in medicine, we aimed to determine how many deaths were caused by and with dementia in 2014 and we compared our results with figures from abroad. The mortality rates of 2014 in Flanders were used to determine the amount of deaths related to dementia. These figures are collected by Vlaams Agentschap Zorg & Gezondheid (VAZG) and coded per ICD-10 classification. Of all deaths in Flanders in 2014, 6.60% were caused by dementia (...) and 4.29% were caused by another condition, while also suffering from dementia. Data from abroad are ambiguous. While working on our thesis about "death & dementia", we questioned the reliability of mortality statistics. Possible explanations could be; the complexity of completing death certificates correctly and the challenges involved in properly constructing a chain of causes of death. The accuracy of mortality data can be improved by training and redrafting death certificates.

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2018 Archives of Public Health

26. Factors influencing consent to organ donation after brain death certification: a survey of 29 intensive care units. (PubMed)

Factors influencing consent to organ donation after brain death certification: a survey of 29 intensive care units. Family refusal (FR) to heart beating donation (HBD) in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is increasing in recent years with a significant impact on the number of transplantable organs. Fostering setting humanization, quality of relationships, respect for will and family reliance towards ICU could be relevant in containing FR to organ donation (OD) in ICU. Our aims were to highlight

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2018 Minerva anestesiologica

27. Accuracy of death certification of dementia in population-based samples of older people: analysis over time. (PubMed)

Accuracy of death certification of dementia in population-based samples of older people: analysis over time. death certification data are routinely collected in most developed countries. Coded causes of death are a readily accessible source and have the potential advantage of providing complete follow-up, but with limitations.to investigate the reliability of using death certificates for surveillance of dementia, the time trend of recording dementia on death certificates and predictive factors (...) of recording of dementia.individuals aged 65 and over in six areas across England and Wales were randomly selected for the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (CFAS) and CFAS II with mortality follow-up.prevalence of dementia recorded on death certificates were calculated by year. Reporting of dementia on death certificates compared with the study diagnosis of dementia, with sensitivity, specificity and Cohen's κ were estimated. Multivariable logistic regression models explored

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2018 Age and ageing

28. Global burden of hypoglycaemia-related mortality in 109 countries, from 2000 to 2014: an analysis of death certificates. (PubMed)

Global burden of hypoglycaemia-related mortality in 109 countries, from 2000 to 2014: an analysis of death certificates. In the context of increasing prevalence of diabetes in elderly people with multimorbidity, intensive glucose control may increase the risk of severe hypoglycaemia, potentially leading to death. While rising trends of severe hypoglycaemia rates have been reported in some European, North American and Asian countries, the global burden of hypoglycaemia-related mortality (...) is unknown. We aimed to investigate global differences and trends of hypoglycaemia-related mortality.We used the WHO mortality database to extract information on death certificates reporting hypoglycaemia or diabetes as the underlying cause of death, and the United Nations demographic database to obtain data on mid-year population estimates from 2000 to 2014. We calculated crude and age-standardised proportions (defined as number of hypoglycaemia-related deaths divided by total number of deaths from

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2018 Diabetologia

29. From Death to Death Certificate: What do the Dead say? (PubMed)

From Death to Death Certificate: What do the Dead say? This is an overview of medicolegal death investigation and death certification. Postmortem toxicological analysis, particularly for ethanol and drugs of abuse, plays a large role in the forensic investigation of natural and unnatural deaths. Postmortem drug concentrations must be interpreted in light of the autopsy findings and circumstances. Interpretations of drug and ethanol concentrations are important for death certification

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2016 Journal of Medical Toxicology

30. Accuracy of Death Certificates and Assessment of Factors for Misclassification of Underlying Cause of Death (PubMed)

Accuracy of Death Certificates and Assessment of Factors for Misclassification of Underlying Cause of Death Cause of death (COD) information taken from death certificates is often inaccurate and incomplete. However, the accuracy of Underlying CODs (UCODs) recorded on death certificates has not been comprehensively described when multiple diseases are present.A total of 450 consecutive autopsies performed at a geriatric hospital in Japan between February 2000 and August 2002 were studied. We (...) evaluated the concordance rate, sensitivity, and specificity of major UCODs (cancer, heart disease, and pneumonia) reported on death certificates compared with a reference standard of pathologist assessment based on autopsy data and clinical records. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the effect of sex, age, comorbidity, and UCODs on misclassification.The concordance rate was relatively high for cancer (81%) but low for heart disease (55%) and pneumonia (9%). The overall concordance

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2016 Journal of Epidemiology

31. From Death to Death Certificate: a Call for Preventing Autopsy from Dying (PubMed)

From Death to Death Certificate: a Call for Preventing Autopsy from Dying 27328817 2018 10 09 2018 11 13 1937-6995 13 2 2017 06 Journal of medical toxicology : official journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology J Med Toxicol From Death to Death Certificate: a Call for Preventing Autopsy from Dying. 195-196 10.1007/s13181-016-0568-2 Ruan Xiulu X Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA. drxruan88@gmail.com. Chiravuri Srinivas S Louisiana State (...) University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA. Kaye Alan David AD Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA. eng Letter Comment 2016 06 21 United States J Med Toxicol 101284598 1556-9039 IM J Med Toxicol. 2017 Mar;13(1):111-116 27139707 Autopsy Cause of Death Death Certificates 2016 05 27 2016 06 14 2016 6 23 6 0 2018 10 10 6 0 2016 6 23 6 0 ppublish 27328817 10.1007/s13181-016-0568-2 10.1007/s13181-016-0568-2 PMC5440312 Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2015 May;139(5):578-80

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2016 Journal of Medical Toxicology

32. Causes of Death According to Death Certificates in Individuals with Dementia: A Cohort from the Swedish Dementia Registry. (PubMed)

Causes of Death According to Death Certificates in Individuals with Dementia: A Cohort from the Swedish Dementia Registry. The causes of death in dementia are not established, particularly in rarer dementias. The aim of this study is to calculate risk of death from specific causes for a broader spectrum of dementia diagnoses.Cohort study.Swedish Dementia Registry (SveDem), 2007-2012.Individuals with incident dementia registered in SveDem (N = 28,609); median follow-up 741 days. Observed deaths (...) were 5,368 (19%).Information on number of deaths and causes of mortality was obtained from death certificates. Odds ratios for the presence of dementia on death certificates were calculated. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using Cox hazards regression for cause-specific mortality, using Alzheimer's dementia (AD) as reference. Hazard ratios for death for each specific cause of death were compared with hazard ratios of death from all causes (P-values from t

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2016 Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

33. Killed by Police: Validity of Media-Based Data and Misclassification of Death Certificates in Massachusetts, 2004-2016. (PubMed)

Killed by Police: Validity of Media-Based Data and Misclassification of Death Certificates in Massachusetts, 2004-2016. To assess the validity of demographic data reported in news media-based data sets for persons killed by police in Massachusetts (2004-2016) and to evaluate misclassification of these deaths in vital statistics mortality data.We identified 84 deaths resulting from police intervention in 4 news media-based data sources (WGBH News, Fatal Encounters, The Guardian (...) , and The Washington Post) and, via record linkage, conducted matched-pair analyses with the Massachusetts mortality data.Compared with death certificates, there was near-perfect correlation for age in all sources (Pearson r > 0.99) and perfect concordance for gender. Agreement for race/ethnicity ranged from perfect (The Counted and The Washington Post) to high (Fatal Encounters Cohen's κ = 0.92). Among the 78 decedents for whom finalized International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10), codes were

2017 American Journal of Public Health

34. Death Certification Errors and the Effect on Mortality Statistics (PubMed)

Death Certification Errors and the Effect on Mortality Statistics Errors in cause and manner of death on death certificates are common and affect families, mortality statistics, and public health research. The primary objective of this study was to characterize errors in the cause and manner of death on death certificates completed by non-Medical Examiners. A secondary objective was to determine the effects of errors on national mortality statistics.We retrospectively compared 601 death (...) certificates completed between July 1, 2015, and January 31, 2016, from the Vermont Electronic Death Registration System with clinical summaries from medical records. Medical Examiners, blinded to original certificates, reviewed summaries, generated mock certificates, and compared mock certificates with original certificates. They then graded errors using a scale from 1 to 4 (higher numbers indicated increased impact on interpretation of the cause) to determine the prevalence of minor and major errors

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2017 Public Health Reports

35. Review of errors in the issue of medical certificates of cause of death in a tertiary hospital in Ghana (PubMed)

Review of errors in the issue of medical certificates of cause of death in a tertiary hospital in Ghana Reliable mortality statistics are useful in determining national policies on preventive and interventional medicine. This study reviews, completed medical certificates of cause of death at the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital, in order to determine their accuracy and reliability.A one-year review of Medical Certificates of Cause of Death (MCCD) signed between 01-01-2013 and 31-12-2013 (...) in the medical, pediatric, surgical and obstetrics/gynecology departments of Cape Coast Teaching Hospital were done, analyzing for errors using the WHO/ICD-10 guidelines as the standard. The errors were grouped into minor and major errors.In all, 337 medical certificates of cause of death were audited. Majority, 212(62.9%) were issued in the internal medicine and therapeutics department. 30.86% (104) MCCDs were completed by specialists while 69.14% (233) were completed by non-specialist medical officers

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2017 Ghana Medical Journal

36. An evaluation of stillbirths in Ä°stanbul by examining death certificates (PubMed)

An evaluation of stillbirths in Ä°stanbul by examining death certificates Despite the fact that the frequency of stillbirth is estimated to be about the same as that of early neonatal deaths, stillbirth records and statistics are not kept on a regular basis worldwide and their causes cannot be determined. The aim of our study was to examine the causes and characteristics of stillbirths in Istanbul.All death certificates of 2011 archived in 8 District Cemetery Directorships, which manage 322 (...) , and asphyxia were evaluated under the title of "perinatal causes."A total of 2078 stillbirths and 128 abortus records were found among the death certificates. Nineteen of the abortus records and 109 stillbirths were misidentified. A total of 1988 stillbirth records were examined, of which 68.4% were low-birth-weight babies (<2 500 g). Approximately three quarters of the stillbirths were mild preterm and extremely preterm babies, whereas 10% were at or more than 37 gestastional weeks. The cause of death

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2017 Turkish Archives of Pediatrics/Türk Pediatri Arşivi

37. Mortality among blood donors seropositive and seronegative for Chagas disease (1996–2000) in São Paulo, Brazil: A death certificate linkage study (PubMed)

Mortality among blood donors seropositive and seronegative for Chagas disease (1996–2000) in São Paulo, Brazil: A death certificate linkage study Individuals in the indeterminate phase of Chagas disease are considered to have mortality rates similar to those of the overall population. This study compares mortality rates among blood donors seropositive for Chagas disease and negative controls in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.This is a retrospective cohort study of blood donors from 1996 (...) donors, 26 had the 10th International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD-10) indicating Chagas disease as the underlying cause of death (B57.0/B57.5), 23 had ICD-10 codes (I42.0/I42.2/I47.0/I47.2/I49.0/I50.0/I50.1/ I50.9/I51.7) indicating cardiac abnormalities possibly related to Chagas disease listed as an underlying or associated cause of death, with the others having no mention of Chagas disease in part I of the death certificate. Donors seropositive for Chagas

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2017 PLoS neglected tropical diseases

38. Fetal death certificate data quality: A tale of two US counties (PubMed)

Fetal death certificate data quality: A tale of two US counties Describe the relative frequency and joint effect of missing and misreported fetal death certificate (FDC) data and identify variations by key characteristics.Stillbirths were prospectively identified during 2006-2008 for a multisite population-based case-control study. For this study, eligible mothers of stillbirths were not incarcerated residents of DeKalb County, Georgia, or Salt Lake County, Utah, aged ≥13 years

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2017 Annals of Epidemiology

39. Death certificate only proportions should be age adjusted in studies comparing cancer survival across populations and over time. (PubMed)

Death certificate only proportions should be age adjusted in studies comparing cancer survival across populations and over time. The proportion of cases notified by death certificate only (DCO) is a commonly used data quality indicator in studies comparing cancer survival across regions and over time. We aimed to assess dependence of DCO proportions on the age structure of cancer patients.Using data from a national cancer survival study in Germany, we determined age specific and overall (crude

2016 European Journal of Cancer

40. Reporting of clinically diagnosed dementia on death certificates: retrospective cohort study. (PubMed)

Reporting of clinically diagnosed dementia on death certificates: retrospective cohort study. mortality statistics are a frequently used source of information on deaths in dementia but are limited by concerns over accuracy.to investigate the frequency with which clinically diagnosed dementia is recorded on death certificates, including predictive factors.a retrospective cohort study assembled using a large mental healthcare database in South London, linked to Office for National Statistics (...) mortality data. People with a clinical diagnosis of dementia, aged 65 or older, who died between 2006 and 2013 were included. The main outcome was death certificate recording of dementia.in total, 7,115 people were identified. Dementia was recorded on 3,815 (53.6%) death certificates. Frequency of dementia recording increased from 39.9% (2006) to 63.0% (2013) (odds ratio (OR) per year increment 1.11, 95% CI 1.07-1.15). Recording of dementia was more likely if people were older (OR per year increment

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2016 Age and ageing

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