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Death Certificate

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21. Factors influencing consent to organ donation after brain death certification: a survey of 29 intensive care units. (Full text)

Factors influencing consent to organ donation after brain death certification: a survey of 29 intensive care units. Family refusal (FR) to heart beating donation (HBD) in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is increasing in recent years with a significant impact on the number of transplantable organs. Fostering setting humanization, quality of relationships, respect for will and family reliance towards ICU could be relevant in containing FR to organ donation (OD) in ICU. Our aims were to highlight

2018 Minerva anestesiologica PubMed abstract

22. Accuracy of death certification of dementia in population-based samples of older people: analysis over time. (Full text)

of recording of dementia.individuals aged 65 and over in six areas across England and Wales were randomly selected for the Medical Research Council Cognitive Function and Ageing Study (CFAS) and CFAS II with mortality follow-up.prevalence of dementia recorded on death certificates were calculated by year. Reporting of dementia on death certificates compared with the study diagnosis of dementia, with sensitivity, specificity and Cohen's κ were estimated. Multivariable logistic regression models explored (...) Accuracy of death certification of dementia in population-based samples of older people: analysis over time. death certification data are routinely collected in most developed countries. Coded causes of death are a readily accessible source and have the potential advantage of providing complete follow-up, but with limitations.to investigate the reliability of using death certificates for surveillance of dementia, the time trend of recording dementia on death certificates and predictive factors

2018 Age and ageing PubMed abstract

23. Medical end-of-life practices in Swiss cultural regions: a death certificate study. (Full text)

Medical end-of-life practices in Swiss cultural regions: a death certificate study. End-of-life decisions remain controversial. Switzerland, with three main languages shared with surrounding countries and legal suicide assistance, allows exploration of the effects of cultural differences on end-of-life practices within the same legal framework.We conducted a death certificate study on a nationwide continuous random sample of Swiss residents. Using an internationally standardized tool, we sent (...) 4998, 2965, and 1000 anonymous questionnaires to certifying physicians in the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions.The response rates were 63.5%, 51.9%, and 61.7% in the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions, respectively. Non-sudden, expected deaths were preceded by medical end-of-life decisions (MELDs) more frequently in the German- than in the French- or Italian-speaking region (82.3% vs. 75.0% and 74.0%, respectively), mainly due to forgoing life-prolonging treatment (70.0

2018 BMC Medicine PubMed abstract

24. A Multiple-Imputation "Forward Bridging" Approach to Address Changes in the Classification of Asian Race/Ethnicity on the US Death Certificate. (Full text)

of the US national death certificate, which was adopted for use by 38 states between 2003 and 2011. Using county- and decedent-level data from 3 different national sources for pre- and postadoption years, we fitted within-state multiple-imputation models to impute ethnicities for decedents classified as "other Asian" during preadoption years. We present mortality rates derived using 3 different methods of calculation: 1) including all states but ignoring the gradual adoption of the new death certificate (...) A Multiple-Imputation "Forward Bridging" Approach to Address Changes in the Classification of Asian Race/Ethnicity on the US Death Certificate. The incomparability of old and new classification systems for describing the same data can be seen as a missing-data problem, and, under certain assumptions, multiple imputation may be used to "bridge" 2 classification systems. One example of such a change is the introduction of detailed Asian-American race/ethnicity classifications on the 2003 version

2018 American Journal of Epidemiology PubMed abstract

25. National Association of Medical Examiners position paper: Recommendations for the investigation and certification of deaths in people with epilepsy. (Full text)

National Association of Medical Examiners position paper: Recommendations for the investigation and certification of deaths in people with epilepsy. Sudden unexpected death of an individual with epilepsy can pose a challenge to death investigators, as most deaths are unwitnessed, and the individual is commonly found dead in bed. Anatomic findings (eg, tongue/lip bite) are commonly absent and of varying specificity, thereby limiting the evidence to implicate epilepsy as a cause of or contributor (...) to death. Thus it is likely that death certificates significantly underrepresent the true number of deaths in which epilepsy was a factor. To address this, members of the National Association of Medical Examiners, North American SUDEP Registry, Epilepsy Foundation SUDEP Institute, American Epilepsy Society, and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention constituted an expert panel to generate evidence-based recommendations for the practice of death investigation and autopsy, toxicological analysis

2018 Epilepsia PubMed abstract

26. Accuracy and the factors influencing the accuracy of death certificates completed by first-year general practitioners in Thailand. (Full text)

Accuracy and the factors influencing the accuracy of death certificates completed by first-year general practitioners in Thailand. Although death certificates (DCs) provide valuable health information which may help to guide local health policies and priorities, there is little information concerning their validity in Thailand. First-year general practitioners (GPs) have a major role in DC completion, especially in provincial general hospitals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy (...) and factors influencing the accuracy of DCs completed by first-year GPs in Thailand, compared with the cause of death (COD) derived from medical records by experts.This retrospective study was conducted at 14 provincial general hospitals in Thailand during the June 2011 to May 2012 study period. Medical records and DCs completed by first-year GPs who graduated from 16 Thai medical schools were sampled. The cause of death recorded on the DCs was compared with the medical conditions and histories derived

2018 BMC health services research PubMed abstract

27. Effectiveness of training interventions to improve quality of medical certification of cause of death: systematic review and meta-analysis

Effectiveness of training interventions to improve quality of medical certification of cause of death: systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration

2020 PROSPERO

28. Inside Health – death certification

Inside Health – death certification Inside Health – death certification | Margaret McCartney's Blog https://www.bma.org.uk/advice-and-support/covid-19/practical-guidance/covid-19-death-certification-and-cremation https://www.bma.org.uk/media/2214/chief-medical-officer-in-scotland-letter-about-death-certification-during-covid-19-pandemic-march-2020.pdf https://www.gov.scot/publications/death-certification-during-an-influenza-pandemic-chief-medical-officer-guidance/ https://improvement.nhs.uk (...) .pdf Comments Off on Inside Health – death certification Comments are closed. Twitter Follow on Twitter Meta Margaret McCartney's Blog © 2020. All Rights Reserved. Powered by . Designed by This site uses cookies: Okay, thanks

2020 Margaret McCartney's Blog

29. Risk factors for hospital death in conditions needing palliative care: Nationwide population-based death certificate study. (Full text)

Risk factors for hospital death in conditions needing palliative care: Nationwide population-based death certificate study. Most people would prefer to die at home as opposed to hospital; therefore, understanding mortality patterns by place of death is essential for health resources allocation.We examined trends and risk factors for hospital death in conditions needing palliative care in a country without integrated palliative care.This is a death certificate study. We examined factors (...) associated with hospital death using logistic regression.All adults (1,045,381) who died between 2003 and 2012 in Portugal were included. We identified conditions needing palliative care from main causes of death: cancer, heart/cerebrovascular, renal, liver, respiratory and neurodegenerative diseases, dementia/Alzheimer's/senility and HIV/AIDS.Conditions needing palliative care were responsible for 70.7% deaths ( N = 738,566, median age 80); heart and cerebrovascular diseases (43.9%) and cancer (32.2

2017 Palliative medicine PubMed abstract

30. Differences in place of death between lung cancer and COPD patients: a 14-country study using death certificate data (Full text)

Differences in place of death between lung cancer and COPD patients: a 14-country study using death certificate data Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer are leading causes of death with comparable symptoms at the end of life. Cross-national comparisons of place of death, as an important outcome of terminal care, between people dying from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and lung cancer have not been studied before. We collected population death certificate data from 14 (...) Cohen at Vrije University in Brussels and co-workers examined international death certificate data collected from 14 countries to determine place of death for patients with lung cancer and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). While patients with COPD suffer similar symptoms to lung cancer in their final days, few COPD patients receive palliative care or achieve the common wish of dying at home. This may be partly due to the inherent unpredictability of final-stage COPD compared with lung

2017 NPJ primary care respiratory medicine PubMed abstract

31. Improving hospital death certification in Viet Nam: results of a pilot study implementing an adapted WHO hospital death report form in two national hospitals (Full text)

Improving hospital death certification in Viet Nam: results of a pilot study implementing an adapted WHO hospital death report form in two national hospitals Viet Nam does not have a system for the national collection of death data that meets international requirements for mortality reporting. It is identified as a 'no-report' country by the WHO. Verbal autopsy reports are used in the community but exclude deaths in hospitals.This project was undertaken in Bach Mai National General Hospital (...) and Viet Duc Surgical and Trauma Hospital in Viet Nam from 1 March 2013 to 31 March 2015. In phase 1, a modified hospital death report form, consistent with the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, was developed. Small group training in use of the report form was delivered to 427 doctors. In phase two, death data were collected, collated and analysed. In phase three, a random sample (7%) of all report forms was checked for accuracy

2016 BMJ global health PubMed abstract

32. Impact of Community Health Worker Certification on Workforce and Service Delivery for Asthma and Other Selected Chronic Diseases

Impact of Community Health Worker Certification on Workforce and Service Delivery for Asthma and Other Selected Chronic Diseases Impact of Community Health Worker Certification on Workforce and Service Delivery for Asthma and Other Selected Chronic Diseases Technical Brief Number 34 RTechnical Brief Number 34 Impact of Community Health Worker Certification on Workforce and Service Delivery for Asthma and Other Selected Chronic Diseases Prepared for: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (...) -EF March 2020 ii Key Messages Purpose of Technical Brief To explore and describe the state of the evidence on community health worker certification and its relationship with community health worker outcomes (such as recruitment, retention, and employment stability) and outcomes for people with asthma and other selected chronic illnesses. Key messages • A number of States are initiating efforts to certify community health workers practicing in their States. • We did not find any studies evaluating

2020 Effective Health Care Program (AHRQ)

33. Changes in proportional mortality from diabetes and circulatory disease in Mauritius and Fiji: possible effects of coding and certification. (Full text)

Changes in proportional mortality from diabetes and circulatory disease in Mauritius and Fiji: possible effects of coding and certification. Many developing countries are experiencing the epidemiological transition, with the majority of deaths attributed to cardiovascular disease, cancer, Type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and others. In some countries, large proportional mortality attributed to diabetes is evident in official mortality statistics, with Mauritius and Fiji rated as the highest (...) . Circulatory disease proportions fell steeply from M 57% and F 53% in 2001 to M 44% and M 38% by 2004, with subsequent less steep declines to M 39% and F 30% by 2012. ICD-10 coding was introduced in 2001.Large, abrupt changes in diabetes and circulatory disease proportional mortality in Fiji and Mauritius coincided with the local introduction of ICD-10 coding in different years. There is also evidence for diabetes-related misclassification of underlying cause of death in Australia and the USA

2019 BMC Public Health PubMed abstract

34. Death Certification Errors and the Effect on Mortality Statistics (Full text)

Death Certification Errors and the Effect on Mortality Statistics Errors in cause and manner of death on death certificates are common and affect families, mortality statistics, and public health research. The primary objective of this study was to characterize errors in the cause and manner of death on death certificates completed by non-Medical Examiners. A secondary objective was to determine the effects of errors on national mortality statistics.We retrospectively compared 601 death (...) errors than certificates for deaths occurring at a private residence (59% vs 39%, P < .001). A total of 580 (93%) death certificates had a change in ICD-10 codes between the original and mock certificates, of which 348 (60%) had a change in the underlying cause-of-death code.Error rates on death certificates in Vermont are high and extend to ICD-10 coding, thereby affecting national mortality statistics. Surveillance and certifier education must expand beyond local and state efforts. Simplifying

2017 Public Health Reports PubMed abstract

35. Mortality among blood donors seropositive and seronegative for Chagas disease (1996–2000) in São Paulo, Brazil: A death certificate linkage study (Full text)

Mortality among blood donors seropositive and seronegative for Chagas disease (1996–2000) in São Paulo, Brazil: A death certificate linkage study Individuals in the indeterminate phase of Chagas disease are considered to have mortality rates similar to those of the overall population. This study compares mortality rates among blood donors seropositive for Chagas disease and negative controls in the city of São Paulo, Brazil.This is a retrospective cohort study of blood donors from 1996 (...) to 2000: 2842 seropositive and 5684 seronegative for Chagas disease. Death status was ascertained by performing probabilistic record linkage (RL) with the Brazil national mortality information system (SIM). RL was assessed in a previous validation study. Cox Regression was used to derive hazard ratios (HR), adjusting for confounders. RL identified 159 deaths among the 2842 seropositive blood donors (5.6%) and 103 deaths among the 5684 seronegative (1.8%). Out of the 159 deaths among seropositive

2017 PLoS neglected tropical diseases PubMed abstract

36. Contemporary accuracy of death certificates for coding prostate cancer as a cause of death: Is reliance on death certification good enough? A comparison with blinded review by an independent cause of death evaluation committee. (Full text)

Contemporary accuracy of death certificates for coding prostate cancer as a cause of death: Is reliance on death certification good enough? A comparison with blinded review by an independent cause of death evaluation committee. Accurate cause of death assignment is crucial for prostate cancer epidemiology and trials reporting prostate cancer-specific mortality outcomes.We compared death certificate information with independent cause of death evaluation by an expert committee within a prostate (...) cancer trial (2002-2015).Of 1236 deaths assessed, expert committee evaluation attributed 523 (42%) to prostate cancer, agreeing with death certificate cause of death in 1134 cases (92%, 95% CI: 90%, 93%). The sensitivity of death certificates in identifying prostate cancer deaths as classified by the committee was 91% (95% CI: 89%, 94%); specificity was 92% (95% CI: 90%, 94%). Sensitivity and specificity were lower where death occurred within 1 year of diagnosis, and where there was another primary

2016 British Journal of Cancer Controlled trial quality: uncertain PubMed abstract

37. Killed by Police: Validity of Media-Based Data and Misclassification of Death Certificates in Massachusetts, 2004-2016. (Full text)

Killed by Police: Validity of Media-Based Data and Misclassification of Death Certificates in Massachusetts, 2004-2016. To assess the validity of demographic data reported in news media-based data sets for persons killed by police in Massachusetts (2004-2016) and to evaluate misclassification of these deaths in vital statistics mortality data.We identified 84 deaths resulting from police intervention in 4 news media-based data sources (WGBH News, Fatal Encounters, The Guardian (...) , and The Washington Post) and, via record linkage, conducted matched-pair analyses with the Massachusetts mortality data.Compared with death certificates, there was near-perfect correlation for age in all sources (Pearson r > 0.99) and perfect concordance for gender. Agreement for race/ethnicity ranged from perfect (The Counted and The Washington Post) to high (Fatal Encounters Cohen's κ = 0.92). Among the 78 decedents for whom finalized International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10), codes were

2017 American Journal of Public Health PubMed abstract

38. Review of errors in the issue of medical certificates of cause of death in a tertiary hospital in Ghana (Full text)

Review of errors in the issue of medical certificates of cause of death in a tertiary hospital in Ghana Reliable mortality statistics are useful in determining national policies on preventive and interventional medicine. This study reviews, completed medical certificates of cause of death at the Cape Coast Teaching Hospital, in order to determine their accuracy and reliability.A one-year review of Medical Certificates of Cause of Death (MCCD) signed between 01-01-2013 and 31-12-2013 (...) in the medical, pediatric, surgical and obstetrics/gynecology departments of Cape Coast Teaching Hospital were done, analyzing for errors using the WHO/ICD-10 guidelines as the standard. The errors were grouped into minor and major errors.In all, 337 medical certificates of cause of death were audited. Majority, 212(62.9%) were issued in the internal medicine and therapeutics department. 30.86% (104) MCCDs were completed by specialists while 69.14% (233) were completed by non-specialist medical officers

2017 Ghana Medical Journal PubMed abstract

39. An evaluation of stillbirths in Ä°stanbul by examining death certificates (Full text)

An evaluation of stillbirths in Ä°stanbul by examining death certificates Despite the fact that the frequency of stillbirth is estimated to be about the same as that of early neonatal deaths, stillbirth records and statistics are not kept on a regular basis worldwide and their causes cannot be determined. The aim of our study was to examine the causes and characteristics of stillbirths in Istanbul.All death certificates of 2011 archived in 8 District Cemetery Directorships, which manage 322 (...) , and asphyxia were evaluated under the title of "perinatal causes."A total of 2078 stillbirths and 128 abortus records were found among the death certificates. Nineteen of the abortus records and 109 stillbirths were misidentified. A total of 1988 stillbirth records were examined, of which 68.4% were low-birth-weight babies (<2 500 g). Approximately three quarters of the stillbirths were mild preterm and extremely preterm babies, whereas 10% were at or more than 37 gestastional weeks. The cause of death

2017 Turkish Archives of Pediatrics/Türk Pediatri Arşivi PubMed abstract

40. Fetal death certificate data quality: A tale of two US counties (Full text)

Fetal death certificate data quality: A tale of two US counties Describe the relative frequency and joint effect of missing and misreported fetal death certificate (FDC) data and identify variations by key characteristics.Stillbirths were prospectively identified during 2006-2008 for a multisite population-based case-control study. For this study, eligible mothers of stillbirths were not incarcerated residents of DeKalb County, Georgia, or Salt Lake County, Utah, aged ≥13 years

2017 Annals of Epidemiology PubMed abstract

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