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Death Certificate

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3921. Quality of death certificates in Valencia, Spain. (PubMed)

Quality of death certificates in Valencia, Spain. Certificates of 1,454 deaths occurring over 11 months were retrieved from the Civil Register in Valencia, Spain. Relevant medical information was systematically gathered from hospital records, questionnaires, and Coroner reports. We compared the underlying cause of death (UCD) from the original death certificate, and a reference cause of death (RCD) determined by a panel of experts based on all available information. Overall, 80.2 percent (...) of the certificates were concordant for disease category, but there was a great disparity among some specific disease categories.

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1989 American Journal of Public Health

3922. Death certification: production and evaluation of a training video. (PubMed)

Death certification: production and evaluation of a training video. The purpose of this study was to produce an effective training video on death certification suitable for use by medical students and postgraduates. A 15-minute video was commissioned from a video production unit and two authors (PA and CP) provided advice and support in the process of script writing and production. An evaluation by means of a randomized controlled trial took place among 185 first year medical students (...) at the University of Leicester. The video was shown as an addition to the usual lecture on death certification. Performance in a test of knowledge, skill and motivation was recorded in each of the two groups. Students assigned to see the video scored slightly better overall in a test of knowledge and skill (difference in medians = 3, in a test marked out of 68, P = 0.046). The intervention group also gave a significantly higher priority to avoiding distress caused to relatives as a reason for certifying death

1996 Medical education Controlled trial quality: uncertain

3923. Analysis of the sensitivity of death certificates in 440 hospital deaths: a comparison with necropsy findings (PubMed)

Analysis of the sensitivity of death certificates in 440 hospital deaths: a comparison with necropsy findings There is current heightened public interest in issues surrounding death certification and necropsy. The present study was initiated to determine the accuracy of death certification in providing a correct diagnosis in a series of adult deaths occurring in hospital, all of which were followed by a necropsy.We examined a series of 440 consecutive adult hospital necropsies performed (...) at Addenbrooke's Hospital, without prior knowledge of the cause of death on the death certificate. The major causes of death at necropsy were subdivided on the basis of organ systems and subsequently compared with the cause of death stated on the death certificate.There were 448 stated causes of death on the death certificates, compared with 508 causes recorded at necropsy. The overall sensitivity of the death certificate in predicting an individual cause of death was 0.47, with sensitivities ranging from 0.90

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2002 Journal of Clinical Pathology

3924. Cause of death in patients with end-stage renal disease: death certificates vs registry reports. (PubMed)

Cause of death in patients with end-stage renal disease: death certificates vs registry reports. The purpose of this study was to assess agreement on cause of death reporting in end-stage renal disease patients by comparing death certificates and reports to an end-stage renal disease registry.Death certificates and registry reporting forms were retrieved for a random sample of 335 treated end-stage renal disease patients who died between 1980 and 1986 in Maryland. On the registry form, patient (...) death was ascribed to 1 of 22 precoded causes by the patient's nephrologist of record. Corresponding death certificates were coded, according to rules of the International Classification of Diseases, 9th edition, by a trained observer unaware of the registry report. Agreement was measured by the kappa statistic.Overall cause of death agreement was poor (31%), and varied by the following categories: renal disease (40% on death certificates vs 0% on registry reports), cardiovascular disease (26% vs 47

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1993 American Journal of Public Health

3925. Smoking should be mentioned as cause of death on death certificates (PubMed)

Smoking should be mentioned as cause of death on death certificates 9596607 1998 06 04 2018 11 13 0959-8138 316 7144 1998 May 23 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Smoking should be mentioned as cause of death on death certificates. 1606 Robinson L L Spencer J J Stacy R R Bhopal R R eng Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1998 Nov 21;317(7170):1456 9882121 BMJ. 1998 Nov 21;317(7170):1456 9822417 Cause of Death Death Certificates legislation & jurisprudence Humans Smoking legislation

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1998 BMJ : British Medical Journal

3926. Certification of cause of death in patients dying soon after proximal femoral fracture. Postmortem examination should always be carried out for deaths due to trauma. (PubMed)

Certification of cause of death in patients dying soon after proximal femoral fracture. Postmortem examination should always be carried out for deaths due to trauma. 8870585 1996 11 26 2018 11 13 0959-8138 313 7061 1996 Oct 05 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Certification of cause of death in patients dying soon after proximal femoral fracture. Postmortem examination should always be carried out for deaths due to trauma. 879; author reply 879-80 Roberts I S IS Benbow E W EW eng Letter Comment (...) England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1996 Jun 15;312(7045):1515 8646144 Autopsy Cause of Death Femoral Fractures Humans United Kingdom epidemiology Wounds and Injuries mortality 1996 10 5 1996 10 5 0 1 1996 10 5 0 0 ppublish 8870585 PMC2359061 Lancet. 1981 Oct 3;2(8249):742-3 6116870 Arch Emerg Med. 1993 Jun;10(2):86-90 8329084 BMJ. 1996 Jun 15;312(7045):1515 8646144 Community Med. 1988 Feb;10(1):1-7 3378394

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1996 BMJ : British Medical Journal

3927. Certification of cause of death in patients dying soon after proximal femoral fracture. All such deaths must be reported to the coroner. (PubMed)

Certification of cause of death in patients dying soon after proximal femoral fracture. All such deaths must be reported to the coroner. 8870583 1996 11 26 2018 11 13 0959-8138 313 7061 1996 Oct 05 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Certification of cause of death in patients dying soon after proximal femoral fracture. All such deaths must be reported to the coroner. 879; author reply 879-80 Rutty G N GN Milroy C M CM Dorries C C eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1996 (...) Jun 15;312(7045):1515 8646144 Autopsy Cause of Death Death Certificates legislation & jurisprudence Death, Sudden Femoral Fractures Humans 1996 10 5 1996 10 5 0 1 1996 10 5 0 0 ppublish 8870583 PMC2359077 BMJ. 1996 Jun 15;312(7045):1515 8646144

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1996 BMJ : British Medical Journal

3928. Autopsies and death certification in deaths due to blunt trauma: What are we missing? (PubMed)

Autopsies and death certification in deaths due to blunt trauma: What are we missing? To determine the frequency, body region and severity of injuries missed by the clinical team in patients who die of blunt trauma, and to examine the accuracy of the cause of death as recorded on death certificates.A retrospective review.London Health Sciences Centre, London, Ont.One hundred and eight deaths due to blunt trauma occurring during the period Apr. 1, 1991, to Mar. 31, 1997. Two groups were (...) of death listed on the death certificate in 40% of cases and with the coroner in 7% of cases. Seventy-seven clinically significant injuries were missed in 51 (47%) of the 108 patient deaths. Injuries were missed in 29% of inhospital deaths and 100% of emergency department deaths. Abdominal and head injuries accounted for 43% and 34% of the missed injuries, respectively.The information contained on the death certificate can be misleading. Health care planners utilizing this data may draw inaccurate

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2000 Canadian Journal of Surgery

3929. Tracking Varicella Deaths: Accuracy and Completeness of Death Certificates and Hospital Discharge Records, New York State, 1989–1995 (PubMed)

Tracking Varicella Deaths: Accuracy and Completeness of Death Certificates and Hospital Discharge Records, New York State, 1989–1995 12144978 2002 08 20 2018 11 13 0090-0036 92 8 2002 Aug American journal of public health Am J Public Health Tracking varicella deaths: accuracy and completeness of death certificates and hospital discharge records, New York State, 1989-1995. 1248-50 Galil Karin K Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA 30333, USA. kgalil@cdc.gov Pletcher Mark J (...) MJ Wallace Barbara J BJ Seward Jane J Meyer Pamela A PA Baughman Andrew L AL Wharton Melinda M eng Journal Article Validation Studies United States Am J Public Health 1254074 0090-0036 AIM IM Adolescent Adult Age Distribution Aged Chickenpox mortality Child Child, Preschool Databases as Topic Death Certificates Female Hospital Records Humans Male Middle Aged New York epidemiology Patient Discharge 2002 7 30 10 0 2002 8 21 10 1 2002 7 30 10 0 ppublish 12144978 PMC1447224 MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep

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2002 American Journal of Public Health

3930. Sentinel Health Events (Occupational): analysis of death certificates among residents of Nassau County, NY between 1980-82 for occupationally related causes of death. (PubMed)

Sentinel Health Events (Occupational): analysis of death certificates among residents of Nassau County, NY between 1980-82 for occupationally related causes of death. Death certificates for residents of Nassau County, New York dying between 1980 and 1982 were examined for causes of death defined as Sentinel Health Events (Occupational) (SHE(O]. Of 16,193 deaths from all causes, 2,286 (14.1 percent) were identified as SHE(O) deaths; 142 (6.2 percent) of these were matched for occupational (...) and/or industry, 13 (9.2 percent) of which required no further match [corrected] because the cause of death was inherently related to the occupation or industry. Malignant neoplasms of the trachea, bronchus, or lung were the most frequently occurring SHE(O), accounting for 60 percent of all SHE(O) deaths and 81 percent of matched SHE(O) deaths. The construction industry was associated with the vast majority of such deaths.

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1990 American Journal of Public Health

3931. The accuracy of liver cancer as the underlying cause of death on death certificates. (PubMed)

The accuracy of liver cancer as the underlying cause of death on death certificates. Studies of liver cancer mortality are subject to confusion attributable to the changes in categories by which liver cancer is identified in successive revisions of the International Classification of Diseases. To determine the effects of these changes, diagnoses of 2,388 cases of primary liver cancer in the years 1973-80 were compared to the underlying causes of death recorded on the death certificates, using (...) data from the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program. Results showed that only 53 percent of the deaths were attributed on death certificates to primary liver cancer. In a reverse comparison of 2,977 death certificates from the years 1973-85 with an underlying cause of death of primary liver cancer, 83 percent had been diagnosed as liver cancer. However, among the certificates that specified cancer of the liver, not specified as primary or secondary

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1990 Public Health Reports

3932. Death certificates in Jerusalem: sources of information about cause of death. (PubMed)

Death certificates in Jerusalem: sources of information about cause of death. 6502573 1985 01 15 2018 11 13 0035-8797 34 268 1984 Nov The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners J R Coll Gen Pract Death certificates in Jerusalem: sources of information about cause of death. 619-20 Slater P E PE Halfon S T ST Ever-Hadani P P eng Journal Article Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England J R Coll Gen Pract 7503107 0035-8797 IM Death Certificates Humans Israel Mortality 1984 11 1 1984

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1984 The Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners

3933. Representativeness of deaths identified through the injury-at-work item on the death certificate: implications for surveillance. (PubMed)

Representativeness of deaths identified through the injury-at-work item on the death certificate: implications for surveillance. This research investigated the accuracy of the injury-at-work item on the death certificate for surveillance of occupational injury deaths in Oklahoma during 1985 and 1986.Representativeness of occupational injury deaths identified by death certificates was assessed by comparing these deaths with all occupational injury deaths identified through death certificates (...) , workers' compensation reports, medical examiner reports, and OSHA records for categories of occupation, industry, and external causes of death.Certain external causes of death (e.g., motor vehicle traffic deaths) and certain occupations (e.g., farming) and industries (agriculture and services) are more often underidentified through death certificates.The findings of this study support Baker's observation that no single data source contains all deaths or all the data elements necessary to describe

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1991 American Journal of Public Health

3934. Reporting deaths to the coroner. Death certification needs urgent overhaul. (PubMed)

Reporting deaths to the coroner. Death certification needs urgent overhaul. 8357403 1993 07 29 2018 11 13 0959-8138 306 6891 1993 Jun 05 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Reporting deaths to the coroner. Death certification needs urgent overhaul. 1539-40 Weeramanthri T S TS eng Letter Comment England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1993 Apr 17;306(6884):1018 8490493 Cause of Death Coroners and Medical Examiners Death Certificates Humans Medical Staff, Hospital United Kingdom 1993 6 5 1993 6 5 0

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1993 BMJ : British Medical Journal

3935. The coding of underlying cause of death from fetal death certificates: issues and policy considerations. (PubMed)

The coding of underlying cause of death from fetal death certificates: issues and policy considerations. Recently, plans to implement nationwide coding of underlying cause of fetal death have been promulgated. To examine the validity and potential utility of nationwide coding, this paper presents data from a five-state (Wisconsin, Arkansas, Maine, North Carolina, California) analysis of underlying causes of fetal death from vital records for 1985 through 1987. Nosological coding rules varied (...) somewhat from state to state. Underlying causes were grouped into categories; distributions were similar for each state. Many deaths (20.3% to 32.9%) were coded as unspecified conditions. Congenital anomalies accounted for only 6.9% to 10.3% of fetal deaths, including implausible and nonspecific causes. In total, 29.5% to 42.8% of the reports were not valid or useful. To obtain better data, researchers must focus on improving fetal death reporting, which will entail the promotion of comprehensive

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1993 American Journal of Public Health

3936. A comparative study of hospital fetal death records and Washington State fetal death certificates. (PubMed)

A comparative study of hospital fetal death records and Washington State fetal death certificates. Hospital fetal death records were compared with Washington State fetal death certificates to ascertain the completeness of reporting. Washington State law requires reporting of all fetal deaths of 20 or more weeks gestation. For 16 hospitals reporting 603 fetal deaths, an additional 49 fetal deaths were identified in the mother's charts. The study documents underreporting, especially

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1986 American Journal of Public Health

3937. The 1989 revisions of the US Standard Certificates of Live Birth and Death and the US Standard Report of Fetal Death. (PubMed)

The 1989 revisions of the US Standard Certificates of Live Birth and Death and the US Standard Report of Fetal Death. The US Standard Certificates and Reports are models used by state vital statistics offices to develop documents for the collection of data about vital events. The 1989 revisions incorporate some major modifications to previous versions. Both the Standard Certificate of Live Birth and the Standard Report of Fetal Death utilize a checkbox format to elicit information on medical (...) and other risk factors affecting the pregnancy, complications of labor and/or delivery, obstetric procedures, method of delivery, congenital anomalies, and abnormal conditions of the newborn. Revisions to the Standard Certificate of Death include modifications to the medical certification section and the addition of decedent's educational attainment. Items requesting information about Hispanic origin are added to all of these documents. The rationale behind these changes and their intended use

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1988 American Journal of Public Health

3938. Fetal death ratios in a prospective study compared to state fetal death certificate reporting. (PubMed)

Fetal death ratios in a prospective study compared to state fetal death certificate reporting. A cohort of 6,254 pregnancies surviving at least 20 weeks of gestation was identified through pregnancy testing and follow-up at three Kaiser Permanente medical offices in northern California in 1981-82. Fetal death ratios per 1,000 live births were 12.1 for all fetal deaths versus 5.0 for the subset of fetal deaths reported to the California state registrar. Only fetal deaths resulting in overnight (...) hospitalization of the mother were reported. Seventy-nine percent of fetal deaths over 28 completed weeks since the last menstrual period (LMP) were reported versus only 10 percent between 20 and 28 completed weeks since the LMP. Ninety-three percent of fetuses over 400 grams were reported. The unreported fetal deaths were mainly those perceived by attending physicians as spontaneous abortion, especially missed or incomplete spontaneous abortion. Physicians apparently preferred the label of spontaneous

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1989 American Journal of Public Health

3939. Mentioning smoking as a cause of death on death certificates : Relatives can be asked in death registries about smoking habit of dead person (PubMed)

Mentioning smoking as a cause of death on death certificates : Relatives can be asked in death registries about smoking habit of dead person 9822417 1999 01 07 2018 11 13 0959-8138 317 7170 1998 Nov 21 BMJ (Clinical research ed.) BMJ Mentioning smoking as a cause of death on death certificates. Relatives can be asked in death registries about smoking habit of dead person. 1456 Lam T H TH Ho S Y SY Hedley A J AJ Mak K H KH eng Comment Letter England BMJ 8900488 0959-8138 AIM IM BMJ. 1998 May (...) 23;316(7144):1606 9596607 Cause of Death Death Certificates Family Health Humans Smoking 1998 11 20 1998 11 20 0 1 1998 11 20 0 0 ppublish 9822417 PMC1114311 BMJ. 1998 May 23;316(7144):1606 9596607

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1998 BMJ : British Medical Journal

3940. Accuracy of death certificates in bronchial asthma. Accuracy of certification procedures during the confidential inquiry by the British Thoracic Association. A subcommittee of the BTA Research Committee. (PubMed)

Accuracy of death certificates in bronchial asthma. Accuracy of certification procedures during the confidential inquiry by the British Thoracic Association. A subcommittee of the BTA Research Committee. The Research Committee of the British Thoracic Association conducted a confidential inquiry into death from asthma in adults aged 15-64 years resident in the West Midland and Mersey Regions during 1979. Death certificates recording the word asthma were received for 153 persons (...) by the panel to have died from asthma. In 77 of these cases the death certificates were correctly coded, whereas in 12 (13%) death was considered to have been wrongly attributed to another cause (falsely negative). Twenty four deaths on the other hand were considered to have been wrongly attributed to asthma (falsely positive). From this it appears that the total number of 101 certificates recording death from asthma represents a net overestimate of 13%. Accuracy was highest in the youngest age group

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1984 Thorax

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