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Daily Energy Allowance

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21. A wearable hip-assist robot reduces the cardiopulmonary metabolic energy expenditure during stair ascent in elderly adults: a pilot cross-sectional study. (PubMed)

A wearable hip-assist robot reduces the cardiopulmonary metabolic energy expenditure during stair ascent in elderly adults: a pilot cross-sectional study. Stair ascent is one of the most important and challenging activities of daily living to maintain mobility and independence in elderly adults. Recently, various types of wearable walking assist robots have been developed to improve gait function and metabolic efficiency for elderly adults. Several studies have shown that walking assist robots (...) stair climbing in elderly adults. The use of the GEMS allows elderly adults to climb stairs with less metabolic energy, therefore, they may experience more endurance in stair climbing while using the GEMS.NCT03389165 , Registered 26 December 2017 - retrospectively registered.

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2018 BMC Geriatrics

22. A Clinical Study to Investigate the Effect of SAR425899 on Energy Expenditure in Obese Subjects

Information provided by (Responsible Party): Sanofi Study Details Study Description Go to Brief Summary: Primary Objective: To assess in overweight to obese subjects the change in sleep energy expenditure after repeated subcutaneous (SC) doses of SAR425899. Secondary Objectives: To assess the change in resting, basal and total daily energy expenditure. To assess the change in respiratory quotient, fat, protein and carbohydrate oxidation. To assess the change in body composition and core temperature (...) : Subcutaneous Placebo Comparator: Placebo Repeated once daily SC doses of placebo administered over 19 days Drug: Placebo Pharmaceutical form: Solution for injection Route of administration: Subcutaneous Outcome Measures Go to Primary Outcome Measures : Sleep energy expenditure [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 19 ] Change of sleep energy expenditure from baseline to Day 19 with SAR425899 or placebo Secondary Outcome Measures : Total daily energy expenditure [ Time Frame: Baseline to Day 19 ] Change of total

2017 Clinical Trials

23. The SAGES Fundamental Use of Surgical Energy program (FUSE): history, development, and purpose. (PubMed)

The SAGES Fundamental Use of Surgical Energy program (FUSE): history, development, and purpose. Adverse events due to energy device use in surgical operating rooms are a daily occurrence. These occur at a rate of approximately 1-2 per 1000 operations. Hundreds of operating room fires occur each year in the United States, some causing severe injury and even mortality. The Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) therefore created the first comprehensive educational (...) aspects of the history, development, and national as well as global implementation of the third SAGES Fundamentals Program FUSE.The written documentation of the making of FUSE is an important contribution to the history and mission of SAGES and allows the reader to understand the idea, concept, realization, and implementation of the only free online educational tool for physicians on energy devices available today. FUSE is the culmination of the SAGES efforts to recognize gaps in patient safety

2017 Surgical endoscopy

24. Effects of Exercise and Energy Balance on 24-hour Blood Glucose Control

, middle and toward the end of exercise to verify they are exercising at 65% of VO2peak. This will also allow the study team to accurately measure energy expenditure (kcal) during exercise. On trial 2, subjects will perform the exact same exercise protocol, but the mouthpiece and nose clip will not be required. One hour after the exercise session, participants will eat their standardized dinner. Importantly, the caloric content of this meal will differ between the two trials (+/- 350kcal (...) Subjects will have two CGM devices placed on either side of the abdomen, near the belly button. Trial 1 Exercise - subjects will use a mouthpiece and nose clip (which will allow all of their expired air to pass through the metabolic cart for analysis of oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production) for ~5 min at the beginning, middle and toward the end of exercise to verify they are exercising at 65% of VO2peak. This will allow us to accurately measure energy expenditure (kcal) during exercise. One

2017 Clinical Trials

25. Effects of Consuming Protein Shakes, Varying in Protein Source, on Appetite, Satiety and Energy Intake

comfortably full." Following these procedures, the participants will be allowed to leave the facility. The next day, a dietary recall will be performed to assess daily energy intake following the consumption of the previous day's breakfast beverage. Study Design Go to Layout table for study information Study Type : Interventional (Clinical Trial) Actual Enrollment : 12 participants Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment Masking: None (Open Label) Primary Purpose: Prevention Official Title: Effects (...) approximately 30 seconds to complete. There are 10 questionnaires per testing day. Each questionnaire was completed on a netbook computer as well as through an app on an ipod touch. Subsequent Meal Energy Intake [ Time Frame: 2 months ] During each testing day, 4 h after the protein shake, the participants received an ad libitum pasta lunch. They were asked to consume this within 30 min until feeling 'comfortably full.' Energy and macronutrient content will be determined. Secondary Outcome Measures : Daily

2017 Clinical Trials

26. Mono-Energy Coronary Angiography with a Compact Synchrotron Source (PubMed)

are impractical for daily clinical use, the technology of compact synchrotron sources strongly advanced during the last decade. Here we present a quantitative analysis of the benefits a compact synchrotron source can offer in coronary angiography. Simulated projection data from quasi-mono-energetic and conventional x-ray tube spectra is used for a CNR comparison. Results show that compact synchrotron spectra would allow for a significant reduction of contrast media. Experimentally, we demonstrate (...) Mono-Energy Coronary Angiography with a Compact Synchrotron Source X-ray coronary angiography is an invaluable tool for the diagnosis of coronary artery disease. However, the use of iodine-based contrast media can be contraindicated for patients who present with chronic renal insufficiency or with severe iodine allergy. These patients could benefit from a reduced contrast agent concentration, possibly achieved through application of a mono-energetic x-ray beam. While large-scale synchrotrons

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2017 Scientific reports

27. Voltage-dependent K+ channels improve the energy efficiency of signalling in blowfly photoreceptors (PubMed)

according to functional requirements can halve daily energy consumption. Second, DRs produce negative feedback that reduces membrane impedance and increases bandwidth. This negative feedback allows an active membrane with DRs to consume at least 30% less energy than a passive membrane with the same capacitance and bandwidth. Voltage-dependent conductances in other non-spiking neurons, and in dendrites, might be organized to make similar savings.© 2017 The Author(s). (...) Voltage-dependent K+ channels improve the energy efficiency of signalling in blowfly photoreceptors Voltage-dependent conductances in many spiking neurons are tuned to reduce action potential energy consumption, so improving the energy efficiency of spike coding. However, the contribution of voltage-dependent conductances to the energy efficiency of analogue coding, by graded potentials in dendrites and non-spiking neurons, remains unclear. We investigate the contribution of voltage-dependent

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2017 Journal of the Royal Society Interface

28. Comparison of measured and predicted energy density of an oral care chew for dogs (PubMed)

be applied to C&T products. The present study aimed to directly measure metabolisable energy (ME) content of the dog chew in dogs and compare with calculated PME. A batch of dog chews was manufactured and the product rendered micronutrient complete to allow solus feeding. Following a 3 d standard diet pre-feed phase, the test product was fed solus to a panel of seven adult dogs for a period of 8 d. Dietary intake was recorded daily and faecal matter collected for the last 5 d. Test product and pooled (...) Comparison of measured and predicted energy density of an oral care chew for dogs The dog chew studied here is a starch-based, twin-screw cooker extruded dog care and treat (C&T) product with oral health benefits. The manufacturing process and nutrient profile of such products are markedly different from those of main meal pet foods. Predicted metabolisable energy (PME) in pet food is calculated using equations derived from main meal feeding studies so it is unclear whether these equations can

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2017 Journal of nutritional science

29. Energy Expenditure, Availability, and Dietary Intake Assessment in Competitive Female Dragon Boat Athletes (PubMed)

. Estimated micronutrient intake (calcium 699.3 ± 328.7 mg/day and iron 10.6 ± 4.7 mg/day) did not meet recommended daily allowances of 800 mg/day and 19 mg/day, respectively. The low intake of energy, calcium, and iron noted within this study could have negative effects on performance and short- and long-term health in female dragon boat athletes. (...) Energy Expenditure, Availability, and Dietary Intake Assessment in Competitive Female Dragon Boat Athletes Dragon boat racing requires high physical activity levels during competition and training. The female athletic triad refers to a number of negative health consequences (e.g., amenorrhoea, low bone mineral density, and low energy availability) that may result from high physical activity in female athletes in parallel with inadequate dietary intake. This study aimed to estimate energy

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2017 Sports

30. Effects of dietary protein-to-energy ratio on rate of growth, protein deposition and tissue composition of pure Iberian boars prior to extensive production. (PubMed)

BW): the first regime (RefP/E) was formulated to provide optimum protein-to-energy ratios for castrated IB pigs at several stages of growth from 10 to 100 kg BW; the second (IncP/E), for which an overall increase of 2.5 g digestible protein/MJ ME was provided, would allow an increased potential for lean tissue growth presumably well above that expected for the entire male of an obese pig breed. The pigs were surgically castrated at 45 kg BW and slaughtered at about 100 kg BW. In Phases I and II (...) Effects of dietary protein-to-energy ratio on rate of growth, protein deposition and tissue composition of pure Iberian boars prior to extensive production. Thirty entire male Iberian (IB) pigs of 12 kg initial BW were used to study the effects of dietary protein-to-energy ratio on performance, body protein accretion, and tissue composition. Two nutritional regimes were supplied at 3 stages of growth (Phase I, from 12 to 30 kg BW; Phase II, from 30 to 45 kg BW; and Phase III, from 45 to 100 kg

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2017 Journal of animal science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

31. Local foods can meet micronutrient needs for women in urban Burkina Faso, but only if rarely consumed micronutrient-dense foods are included in daily diets: A linear programming exercise. (PubMed)

of supplements. Some scenarios allowed only commonly consumed foods (reported on at least 10% of recall days). We modeled separately for pregnant, lactating, and nonpregnant, nonlactating women. With maxima constrained to the 75th percentile, all micronutrient needs could be met with local foods but only when several nutrient-dense but rarely consumed items were included in daily diets. When only commonly consumed foods were allowed, micronutrient needs could not be met without supplements. When larger (...) Local foods can meet micronutrient needs for women in urban Burkina Faso, but only if rarely consumed micronutrient-dense foods are included in daily diets: A linear programming exercise. Women of reproductive age are at nutritional risk due to their need for nutrient-dense diets. Risk is further elevated in resource-poor environments. In one such environment, we evaluated feasibility of meeting micronutrient needs of women of reproductive age using local foods alone or using local foods

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2017 Maternal & child nutrition

32. Weaning age of calves fed a high milk allowance by automated feeders: effects on feed, water, and energy intake, behavioral signs of hunger, and weight gains. (PubMed)

Weaning age of calves fed a high milk allowance by automated feeders: effects on feed, water, and energy intake, behavioral signs of hunger, and weight gains. Dairy calves are increasingly fed large volumes of milk, which reduces feeding motivation and improves weight gain. However, calves often show signs of hunger and lose weight when weaned off milk due to low starter intake. We examined whether delaying the age at weaning would reduce responses to weaning. Calves were raised in groups of 9 (...) and fed milk, starter, hay, and water with automated feeders. In each group, 3 calves were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 treatments: (1) low-milk, early-weaned: fed 6 L/d of milk and weaned at 47 d of age; (2) high-milk early-weaned: fed 12 L/d of milk and weaned at 47 d; (3) high-milk later-weaned: fed 12 L/d of milk and weaned at 89 d of age. Milk, starter, and hay intakes were recorded daily and digestible energy (DE) intake estimated. Feeder visits were recorded. Before weaning, the high-milk calves

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2011 Journal of dairy science Controlled trial quality: uncertain

33. Novel energy-saving strategies to multiple stressors in birds: the ultradian regulation of body temperature (PubMed)

Novel energy-saving strategies to multiple stressors in birds: the ultradian regulation of body temperature This study aimed to examine thermoregulatory responses in birds facing two commonly experienced stressors, cold and fasting. Logging devices allowing long-term and precise access to internal body temperature were placed within the gizzards of ducklings acclimated to cold (CA) (5°C) or thermoneutrality (TN) (25°C). The animals were then examined under three equal 4-day periods: ad libitum (...) feeding, fasting and re-feeding. Through the analysis of daily as well as short-term, or ultradian, variations of body temperature, we showed that while ducklings at TN show only a modest decline in daily thermoregulatory parameters when fasted, they exhibit reduced surface temperatures from key sites of vascular heat exchange during fasting. The CA birds, on the other hand, significantly reduced their short-term variations of body temperature while increasing long-term variability when fasting

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2016 Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

34. Energy intake highs and lows: how much does consistency matter in weight control? (PubMed)

Energy intake highs and lows: how much does consistency matter in weight control? Behavioural weight control programmes recommend adherence to daily energy intake goals, yet also allow for flexibility in intake across days. Evidence is lacking as to whether intake consistency is important for weight control. The current study explored the relation between day-to-day intake consistency and weight loss in the context of behavioural weight loss treatment and examined the relationship between (...) had less intake variability compared to those who lost <10%, although groups did not differ significantly on mean intake. Results suggest that daily intake consistency may facilitate successful weight loss for some. Additionally, autonomous motivation for weight management and cognitive dietary restraint were inversely related to end-of-treatment intake variability. Additional research is needed to examine whether recommendations to limit intake variability during behavioural weight loss treatment

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2016 Clinical Obesity

35. Three 24-H Recalls in Comparison with One Improve the Estimates of Energy and Nutrient Intakes in Urban Mexican Population. (PubMed)

. The prevalence of inadequacy was estimated by using the reference values proposed by the US Institute of Medicine.We found high prevalences of inadequacy for fiber (73-99%), iron (31-94%), calcium (2-85%), vitamin A (0.1-61%), and folates (2-80%) among various age and sex groups. Energy intake results showed that the variance in the estimated usual 3-d intake distribution was smaller than the variance of distribution estimated from a single daily intake. We observed bigger differences in prevalence (...) Three 24-H Recalls in Comparison with One Improve the Estimates of Energy and Nutrient Intakes in Urban Mexican Population. Population surveys often collect dietary intake data by using one or two 24-h recalls (24HR), mainly to minimize cost and respondent burden. However, in order to increase accuracy in estimating usual intake distributions, a larger number of 24HRs may be advisable.The purpose of this study was to identify whether estimates of the intake and prevalence of nutrient inadequacy

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2016 Journal of Nutrition

36. Daily consumption of ready-to-use peanut-based therapeutic food increased fat free mass, improved anemic status but has no impact on the zinc status of people living with HIV/AIDS: a randomized controlled trial. (PubMed)

and 55% of their daily recommended intake (DRI) of energy, iron and zinc, respectively. When 100 g of RUTF was consumed with the standard diet, the DRI of energy and zinc were 100% covered (2147 kcal, 10.4 mg, respectively), but not iron (2.9 mg). After 9 weeks of supplementation, body weight, and fat-free mass increased significantly by +11% (p = 0.033), and +11.8% (p = 0.033) in the RUTF group, but not in the Control group, while percentage body fat was comparable between groups (p = 0.888 (...) Daily consumption of ready-to-use peanut-based therapeutic food increased fat free mass, improved anemic status but has no impact on the zinc status of people living with HIV/AIDS: a randomized controlled trial. Food insecurity in sub-Saharan Africa and malnutrition constitute the main obstacles for successful treatment of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH). The aim of this study was to assess the effect of consuming daily 100 g RUTF (ready-to-use therapeutic food) as supplement, on body

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2016 BMC public health Controlled trial quality: uncertain

37. Modelling the associations between fat-free mass, resting metabolic rate and energy intake in the context of total energy balance. (PubMed)

Modelling the associations between fat-free mass, resting metabolic rate and energy intake in the context of total energy balance. The relationship between body composition, energy expenditure and ad libitum energy intake (EI) has rarely been examined under conditions that allow any interplay between these variables to be disclosed.The present study examined the relationships between body composition, energy expenditure and EI under controlled laboratory conditions in which the energy density (...) metabolic rate (RMR; respiratory exchange), total daily energy expenditure (doubly labelled water) and body composition (total body water estimated from deuterium dilution) were measured on days 3-14.Hierarchical multiple regression indicated that after controlling for age and sex, both fat-free mass (FFM; P<0.001) and RMR (P<0.001) predicted daily EI. However, a mediation model using path analysis indicated that the effect of FFM (and fat mass) on EI was fully mediated by RMR (P<0.001).These data

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2015 International Journal of Obesity

38. No effect of moderate or high concentrate allowance on growth parameters in weanling Warmblood foals fed late-cut haylage as forage. (PubMed)

No effect of moderate or high concentrate allowance on growth parameters in weanling Warmblood foals fed late-cut haylage as forage. Two groups of Warmblood foals from the Bavarian federal stud participated in the study beginning from the age of approximately 6 months. The foals were offered a late 1st cut of haylage, oats and foal starter feed. For 2 months after weaning, group 'R' (15 foals) received an amount of oats to provide a total digestible energy supply meeting the recommendations (...) in both groups leads to the assumption that higher concentrate intake must have caused lower intake of haylage and vice versa, thus resulting in an overall comparable energy intake for each foal, independently of energy source. The calculated average daily energy intake for all foals together amounted to 60.5 and 61.4 MJ ME/animal for the 7th and 8th month. The mean crude protein intake in both groups together amounted to 640 and 647 g/animal/day for the 7th and 8th month. Journal of Animal Physiology

2014 Journal of animal physiology and animal nutrition Controlled trial quality: uncertain

39. Energy Drinks

that EnDs improve cognitive function or increase energy more than traditional caffeinated beverages. 6 Whatever caffeine does for a person, these products will follow suit. ? The amount of guarana, taurine, & ginseng is considered to be far below that needed for a therapeutic effect. 6 What are the recommended limits for caffeine consumption? 8 Table 1: Caffeine: Recommended Maximum Daily Intake Children, 4 to 6 yrs 45 mg Healthy adults 400 mg Children, 7 to 9 yrs 62.5 mg Pregnant, breastfeeding (...) & Greater Saskatoon Catholic Schools do not allow the sale of energy drinks in schools. 14 ? Reported concerns that EnD consumption may be a marker or "gateway" for health compromising behaviours such as tobacco, alcohol, illicit & prescription drug misuse, seat-belt omission, & sexual risk taking. 15-17 ? Future regulations related to the sale of EnDs may include Schedule III placement (NAPRA) : for sale on pharmacy shelves only, as an attempt to safe guard over consumption particularly in youth

2010 RxFiles

40. Effects of Empagliflozin on Liver Fat Content, Energy Metabolism and Body Composition in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Effects of Empagliflozin on Liver Fat Content, Energy Metabolism and Body Composition in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Effects of Empagliflozin on Liver Fat Content, Energy Metabolism and Body Composition in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov Hide glossary Glossary Study record managers: refer to the if submitting registration or results information. Search for terms x × Study Record Detail Saved Studies Save this study Warning You have reached the maximum (...) number of saved studies (100). Please remove one or more studies before adding more. Effects of Empagliflozin on Liver Fat Content, Energy Metabolism and Body Composition in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes (EmLiFa) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our for details. ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02637973 Recruitment Status : Completed

2015 Clinical Trials

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