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181. WHO Guidelines on Integrated Care for Older People (ICOPE)

with the user. General disclaimers. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

182. Preventive chemotherapy to control soil-transmitted helminth infections in at-risk population groups

infringement of any third-party-owned component in the work rests solely with the user. General disclaimers. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may (...) –2010 and strategic plan 2011–2020 (9). Population of interest The guideline will affect young children (12-23 months of age), preschool (24-59 months of age) and school- age children, 2 adolescent girls (10–19 years of age), women of reproductive age (15–49 years of age) and pregnant women in any health-care and community setting. Special considerations for children, adolescents and women living with HIV will be examined, as will deworming for pregnant women as it relates to outcomes related

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

183. Assessing and managing children at primary health-care facilities to prevent overweight and obesity in the context of the double burden of malnutrition

component in the work rests solely with the user. General disclaimers. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention (...) recently published (2014/2015) systematic reviews also provided some indirect evidence for this PICO.54 ? GUIDELINE: ASSESSING AND MANAGING CHILDREN AT PRIMARY HEALTH-CARE FACILITIES • Gayes and Steele, 2014 (66) examined the effect of motivational interviewing (a patient-centred, focused, goal-directed counselling approach) interventions for paediatric health-behaviour change. Compared to a passive control group or different methods of counselling, motivational interviewing had a greater positive

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

184. WHO guideline on syphilis screening and treatment for pregnant women

of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by WHO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. Errors and omissions excepted (...) outcomes to the fetus is minimal if the mother receives adequate treatment during early pregnancy – ideally before the second trimester (3). There are indications that mother- to-child transmission of syphilis is beginning to decline globally due to increased efforts to screen and treat pregnant women for syphilis. 1.2 LABORATORY DIAGNOSIS AND SCREENING Syphilis diagnosis is based on the patient’s history, physical examination, laboratory testing and sometimes radiology. However, many people

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

185. WHO recommendations on maternal health

opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by WHO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned (...) ultrasound) is recommended for pregnant women to estimate gestational age, improve detection of fetal anomalies and multiple pregnancies, reduce induction of labour for post-term pregnancy, and improve a woman’s pregnancy experience. (Recommended). Source Doppler ultrasound of fetal blood vessels ¦ ¦ Routine Doppler ultrasound examination is not recommended for pregnant women to improve maternal and perinatal outcomes. (Not recommended). Source Preventive measures Antibiotics for asymptomatic bacteriuria

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

186. WHO recommendations on adolescent health

of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by WHO (...) and other stakeholders about the importance of skilled antenatal and childbirth care for pregnant adolescents. Source ¦ ¦ identify the types of changes to health services that can improve adolescents’ access to and use of skilled antenatal care. Source ¦ ¦ identify effective interventions to improve birth and emergency preparedness for adolescents (this research should examine both proximal outcomes, such as improved use of care, as well as distal outcomes, such as maternal mortality and morbidity

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

187. Roadmap for Zoonotic Tuberculosis

of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or products of manufacturers, whether or not these have been patented, does not imply that these are or have been endorsed or recommended by WHO, FAO and OIE in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned (...) surveillance, control and elimination programs at the national and regional levels. These include limited capacity for diagnosis; weak frameworks for reporting, recording and analysing data; and a lack of financial and human resources to support animal health regulatory programs. In high-income countries, surveillance efforts include test-and-slaughter programmes with compensation for farmers; post-mortem examinations by trained meat inspectors in abattoirs; and trace-back programmes to allow

2017 International Union Against TB and Lung Disease

188. WHO recommendations on newborn health

opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by WHO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned (...) of phenobarbital, either midazolam or lidocaine may be used as the second-line agent for control of seizures [use of lidocaine requires cardiac monitoring facilities]. (Weak recommendation, very low quality evidence). Source ¦ ¦ In neonates with normal neurological examination and/or normal electroencephalography, consider stopping antiepileptic drugs if neonate has been seizure-free for >72 hours; the drug(s) should be reinstituted in case of recurrence of seizures. (Weak recommendation, very low quality

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

189. Guidelines for the prevention and control of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa in health care facilities

, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by WHO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. Errors and omissions excepted, the names of proprietary products are distinguished

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

190. Consolidated guidelines on person-centred HIV patient monitoring and case surveillance

. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply

2017 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

191. Guidelines for the managing advanced HIV disease and rapid initiation of antiretroviral therapy

rests solely with the user. General disclaimers. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific (...) infection Algorithm for providing a package of care for people with advanced HIV disease STEP 1 Take history & examination STEP 2 Screen for symptoms of TB Meningitis symptoms absent If not on ART and CD4 30 breaths per minute, temperature >39°C, heart rate >120 beats per minute and/or unable to walk unaided) regardless of CD4 cell count or with unknown CD4 cell count. Conditional recommendation, low-quality evidence Note: This recommendation may be applied to outpatients with signs and symptoms of TB

2017 World Health Organisation HIV Guidelines

192. Improving Health and Wellbeing Outcomes in the Early Years

of government departments and agencies. Whilst examining the wide range of policies and initiatives required to improve health and wellbeing outcomes is beyond the scope of this book, insights are provided into how prevention and early intervention approaches can contribute to tackling issues in the early years, before they become embedded and costly. The academic authors outline the rationale and evidence for prevention and early intervention, including some of the learning that has emerged across

2017 Institute of Public Health in Ireland

193. Use of multiple micronutrient powders for point-of-use fortification of foods consumed by infants and young children aged 6?23 months and children aged 2?12 years

. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply (...) with information and comments on these individuals. The first meeting to scope the guideline was held on 18–21 February 2013, Geneva, Switzerland. The second meeting held on 23–26 June 2014, Geneva Switzerland, aimed to examine the evidence and assess the results of the systematic reviews. The third and final meeting on 3–6 November 2014, Cancun, Mexico, was held to finalize the formulation of the recommendations, including their direction and strength and discussion of the research gaps. External experts

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

194. Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use

or for non-commercial distribution– should be addressed to WHO Press through the WHO website (http://www.who.int/about/licensing/copyright_form). The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps (...) Classification of examinations and tests before initiation of contraceptive methods 19 3.2 Contraceptive eligibility 20 4. Programmatic implications 21 4.1 Introducing guidelines into national programmes 21 5. Clients with special needs 23 5.1 People with disabilities 23 5.2 Adolescents 23 6. Summary of changes within the Selected practice recommendations for contraceptive use, third edition 26 7. Recommendations 27 7.1 How can a health-care provider be reasonably certain that a woman is not pregnant? 27 7.2

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

195. Iodine thyroid blocking: Guidelines for use in planning and responding to radiological and nuclear emergencies

in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by WHO in preference to others

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

196. Evidence on mechanisms and tools for use of health information for decision-making

, in part or in full. The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain (...) , and the effectiveness of public health interventions. However, the availability of health information does not inherently lead to its increased use in policy- and decision-making. Various tools and mechanisms can help to increase the use of health information in policy development by making policy-makers appreciate, understand and incorporate health information into policy decisions. The synthesis question This review examined methods to support the use of health information by public health and health system

2017 WHO Health Evidence Network

197. A review of evidence on equitable delivery, access and utilization of immunization services for migrants and refugees in the WHO European Region

of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World Health Organization in preference (...) of ministries of health and national health institutes of WHO European Region Member States were examined to provide an overview of immunization policies for migrant populations in the Region and this was supplemented by integrating information from searches of the peer-reviewed literature and Google and Google Scholar. Fig. 2 shows the situation regarding immunization for migrants and refugees in WHO European Region Member States. Although 42 WHO European Member States have a comprehensive NIP, only 11

2017 WHO Health Evidence Network

198. WHO recommendation on tranexamic acid for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage

whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. 7KHPHQWLRQRIVSHFLÀFFRPSDQLHVRURIFHUWDLQPDQXIDFWXUHUV· S URGXFWVGRHVQRWLPSO\WKDWWKH\DUH endorsed or recommended by WHO in preference to others of a similar nature that are not mentioned. Errors and omissions (...) in women or babies. ? Subgroup analysis examining treatment effect by mode of birth (vaginal or caesarean) suggests no clear difference in effect on maternal death (all causes) and maternal death due to PPH for type of birth (moderate certainty of evidence).WHO recommendation on tranexamic acid for the treatment of postpartum haemorrhage 15 Comparison: TXA (in addition to standard care) versus standard care alone, by timing of TXA administration Evidence for this subgroup comparison was derived from

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

199. Responding to children and adolescents who have been sexually abused

and the presentation of the material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of WHO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted and dashed lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed (...) preparation and peer-review 14 3. Guiding principles derived from ethical principles and human rights standards 15 A. The principle of best interests of the child or adolescent 15 B. The principle of evolving capacities of the child or adolescent 16 C. The principle of non-discrimination 17 D. The principle of participation 17 4. Recommendations and good practice statements 18 A. Child- or adolescent-centred care/first-line support 18 B. Medical history, physical examination and documentation of findings

2017 World Health Organisation Guidelines

200. Investment for health and well-being: a review of the social return on investment from public health policies to support implementing the Sustainable Development Goals by building on Health 2020

in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the World Health Organization concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Dotted lines on maps represent approximate border lines for which there may not yet be full agreement. The mention of specific companies or of certain manufacturers’ products does not imply that they are endorsed or recommended by the World (...) development. Ensuring this investment must involve all governance levels, sectors and disciplines, as well as the public, the academic community and private stakeholders. The synthesis question The objective of this report is to inform and support a roadmap to implement the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, building on the Health 2020 policy framework in the WHO European Region by examining the question: “What is the evidence for social return on investment from public health

2017 WHO Health Evidence Network

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