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DOT Examination

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1. DOT Examination

V. References Images: Related links to external sites (from Bing) These images are a random sampling from a Bing search on the term "DOT Examination." Click on the image (or right click) to open the source website in a new browser window. Related Studies (from Trip Database) Related Topics in Health Maintenance Exam About FPnotebook.com is a rapid access, point-of-care medical reference for primary care and emergency clinicians. Started in 1995, this collection now contains 6656 interlinked (...) DOT Examination DOT Examination Toggle navigation Brain Head & Neck Chest Endocrine Abdomen Musculoskeletal Skin Infectious Disease Hematology & Oncology Cohorts Diagnostics Emergency Findings Procedures Prevention & Management Pharmacy Resuscitation Trauma Emergency Procedures Ultrasound Cardiovascular Emergencies Lung Emergencies Infectious Disease Pediatrics Neurologic Emergencies Skin Exposure Miscellaneous Abuse Cancer Administration 4 DOT Examination DOT Examination Aka: DOT Examination

2018 FP Notebook

2. AIUM/IUGA Practice Parameter for the Performance of Urogynecological Ultrasound Examinations

AIUM/IUGA Practice Parameter for the Performance of Urogynecological Ultrasound Examinations PRACTICEPARAMETERS AIUM/IUGA Practice Parameter for the Performance of Urogynecological Ultrasound Examinations Developed in Collaboration with the ACR, the AUGS, the AUA, and the SRU I. Introduction T he clinical aspects of this parameter were developed by the AIUM/IUGA Collaborative Committee in collabora- tion with other organizations whose members use ultrasound for performing pelvic floor (...) examinations (see “Acknowledgments”). Recommendations for practitioner require- ments, the written request for the examination, procedure documentation, and quality control vary among the organizations and are addressed by each separately. An ultrasound examination is a proven and useful procedure for evaluating the pelvic ?oor, including the urethra, bladder, vagina, uterus if possible, anorectum, and levator ani muscle. Pel- vic ?oor ultrasound (PFUS) examinations should be performed only when

2019 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine

3. An experimental examination of cognitive processes and response inhibition in patients seeking treatment for buying-shopping disorder. Full Text available with Trip Pro

An experimental examination of cognitive processes and response inhibition in patients seeking treatment for buying-shopping disorder. There is an ongoing debate about whether buying-shopping disorder (BSD) should be acknowledged as a behavioral addiction. The current study investigated if mechanisms that play a prominent role in disorders due to substance use or addictive behaviors are relevant in BSD, particularly cue reactivity, craving, cognitive bias and reduced inhibitory control (...) cues: Dot-probe paradigm (DPP), Implicit Association Task (IAT), Go/nogo-task (GNG). The severity of BSD, craving for buying/shopping, and symptoms of comorbid mental disorders (anxiety, depressive and hoarding disorders) were measured using standardized questionnaires. The BSD-group showed more general craving for buying/shopping, stronger subjective craving reactions towards buying/shopping-related visual cues, and more symptoms of anxiety, depression and hoarding disorder than control

2019 PLoS ONE

4. Benign yellow dot maculopathy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Benign yellow dot maculopathy To describe a new family with benign yellow dot maculopathy.A young male patient was found to have bilateral multiple small yellow dots in both maculae. Visual acuity and color vision were normal, and no pathological findings were demonstrated on automated visual field, optical coherence tomography (OCT) and electrophysiological testing. Examination of his parents revealed similar findings in his mother, suggesting autosomal dominant inheritance. No deterioration (...) of vision occurred over long term follow up. These findings are consistent with the newly described phenotype of benign yellow dot maculopathy.This is the first report of patients with benign yellow dot maculopathy since its original description, and the first to document it in a family of North African descent. This report will serve to raise awareness to this phenotype, which may be more common than currently known.

2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

5. Use of antibiotics among end-of-life hospitalized patients with advanced directives: Status examination and association with infectious disease consultation and physician burnout. (Abstract)

Use of antibiotics among end-of-life hospitalized patients with advanced directives: Status examination and association with infectious disease consultation and physician burnout. Overuse of antibiotics in end-of-life patients with advanced directives increases bacterial resistance and causes morbidity and mortality. Consultations with infectious disease (ID) physicians and burnout, which can affect antibiotic days of therapy (DOT) prescribed by physicians, have not been examined so far.To (...) assess antibiotic use by physicians in end-of-life (EOL) patients with advanced directives and to investigate the association between ID consultations, physician burnout, and antibiotic DOT in those patients.A descriptive correlational study.Acute-care and post-acute-care hospitals.The study included 213 physicians and 932 their hospitalized patients in the last 2 weeks of life.We distributed questionnaires and analyzed the data collected regarding ID consultation, EOL antibiotics prescription

2019 Infection control and hospital epidemiology

6. Neural correlates of attention bias to masked facial threat cues: Examining children at-risk for social anxiety disorder Full Text available with Trip Pro

presentation. Anxious children also show a distinct neural response to the same task with subliminal face presentations, probing stimulus-driven attention networks. We do not have parallel data available for BI children, limiting our understanding of underlying affective mechanisms potentially linking early BI to the later emergence of anxiety.We examined the neural response to subliminal threat presentation during an emotion-face masked dot-probe task in children oversampled for BI (N = 67; 30 BI, 9 (...) Neural correlates of attention bias to masked facial threat cues: Examining children at-risk for social anxiety disorder Behavioral inhibition (BI) is an early-appearing temperament trait and a robust predictor of social anxiety disorder (SAD). Both BI and anxiety may have distinct patterns of emotion processing marked by heightened neural responses to threat cues. BI and anxious children display similar frontolimbic patterns when completing an emotion-face attention bias task with supraliminal

2018 NeuroImage : Clinical

7. Examination Stress Results in Attentional Bias and Altered Neural Reactivity in Test-Anxious Individuals Full Text available with Trip Pro

Examination Stress Results in Attentional Bias and Altered Neural Reactivity in Test-Anxious Individuals Examination stress occurs so frequently in the lives of students. The neural mechanisms of attentional bias induced by examination stress in test-anxious individuals remain unclear. Accordingly, we investigated the attentional bias toward test-related threatening words in selected high and low test-anxious participants under the stress of final examinations by using an event-related (...) potential (ERP) technique. A classic dot-probe paradigm was adopted with a test-related/test-unrelated threatening word and a neutral word pair as cues. Results showed attention bias and enhanced N200 amplitude toward test-related threat in high test-anxious individuals, whereas avoidance of test-related threat and decreased N200 amplitude were shown in low test-anxious individuals. Additionally, ERP data revealed the relatively enhanced LPP amplitude in low test-anxious participants compared

2018 Neural plasticity

8. Using Hierarchical Linear Models to Examine Approximate Number System Acuity: The Role of Trial-Level and Participant-Level Characteristics Full Text available with Trip Pro

Using Hierarchical Linear Models to Examine Approximate Number System Acuity: The Role of Trial-Level and Participant-Level Characteristics The ability to intuitively and quickly compare the number of items in collections without counting is thought to rely on the Approximate Number System (ANS). To assess individual differences in the precision of peoples' ANS representations, researchers often use non-symbolic number comparison tasks in which participants quickly choose the numerically larger (...) of two arrays of dots. However, some researchers debate whether this task actually measures the ability to discriminate approximate numbers or instead measures the ability to discriminate other continuous magnitude dimensions that are often confounded with number (e.g., the total surface area of the dots or the convex hull of the dot arrays). In this study, we used hierarchical linear models (HLMs) to predict 132 adults' accuracy on each trial of a non-symbolic number comparison task from

2018 Frontiers in psychology

9. A failure to show the efficacy of a dot-probe attentional training in dysphoria: Evidence from an eye-tracking study. (Abstract)

A failure to show the efficacy of a dot-probe attentional training in dysphoria: Evidence from an eye-tracking study. This study examines whether a 4-day dot-probe attentional training to orient attention toward positive words could lead participants with dysphoria to change selective attention to emotional faces. It was also explored whether this positive attentional bias training could lead to a decrease in depressive symptoms.Participants were randomly assigned to Positive Training Group (...) (PTG) and No Training Group (NTG). PTG was composed of 16 subjects, whereas NTG was composed of 15 subjects. All participants were women with a mean age of 22.87 (SD = 3.21).Results showed that dysphoric participants in the PTG did not show changes in attentional patterns to emotional faces. Furthermore, depressive symptoms did not significantly change after the 4-session training.These results suggest that cognitive training procedures based on dot-probe paradigms are probably not adequate

2018 Journal of clinical psychology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

10. Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome following rabies vaccination: a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multiple evanescent white dot syndrome following rabies vaccination: a case report. To report a case of multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) following simultaneous rabies vaccination.Review of the clinical, laboratory, photographic, optical coherence tomographic (OCT), fundus autofluorescent, angiographic, electrophysiologic, and perimetric records of a patient suffering from MEWDS.A healthy 33-year-old Chinese female suffering from rapidly progressive visual loss of her left eye (...) associated with photopsia and a para-central scotoma, seven days after receiving simultaneous rabies vaccination. Both anterior segments and fundus examination were unremarkable. The findings on OCT, electrophysiology, and perimetry were pathognomonic for MEWDS.The clinical presentation and the benign course were consistent with the diagnosis of MEWDS. No other events could be identified as a cause, other than the rabies vaccination. This case may suggest an autoimmune basis for MEWDS in predisposed

2018 BMC Ophthalmology

11. Lessons From the Dot Contraceptive Efficacy Study: Analysis of the Use of Agile Development to Improve Recruitment and Enrollment for mHealth Research Full Text available with Trip Pro

is critical. Recruiting and enrolling participants for the Dot study involved making decisions based on research and analytic data, constant process modification, and close monitoring and evaluation of the effect of these modifications.Originally, the only option for women to enroll in the study was to do so over the phone with a study representative. On noticing low enrollment numbers, we examined the 7 steps from the time a woman received the recruitment message until she completed enrollment and made (...) Lessons From the Dot Contraceptive Efficacy Study: Analysis of the Use of Agile Development to Improve Recruitment and Enrollment for mHealth Research Smartphone apps that provide women with information about their daily fertility status during their menstrual cycles can contribute to the contraceptive method mix. However, if these apps claim to help a user prevent pregnancy, they must undergo similar rigorous research required for other contraceptive methods. Georgetown University's Institute

2018 JMIR mHealth and uHealth

12. Toward high-fidelity coherent electron spin transport in a GaAs double quantum dot Full Text available with Trip Pro

Toward high-fidelity coherent electron spin transport in a GaAs double quantum dot In this paper, we investigate how to achieve high-fidelity electron spin transport in a GaAs double quantum dot. Our study examines fidelity loss in spin transport from multiple perspectives. We first study incoherent fidelity loss due to hyperfine and spin-orbit interaction. We calculate fidelity loss due to the random Overhauser field from hyperfine interaction, and spin relaxation rate due to spin-orbit (...) by the correction to the electron g-factor from the double dot potential, which can lead to a notable phase error. In all, our results should provide a useful guidance for future experiments on coherent electron spin transport.

2018 Scientific reports

13. CSF1R-Expressing Tumor-Associated Macrophages, Smoking and Survival in Lung Adenocarcinoma: Analyses Using Quantitative Phosphor-Integrated Dot Staining Full Text available with Trip Pro

CSF1R-Expressing Tumor-Associated Macrophages, Smoking and Survival in Lung Adenocarcinoma: Analyses Using Quantitative Phosphor-Integrated Dot Staining CSF1R-expressing tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) induce a tumor-promoting microenvironment by regulating immunity. Evidence demonstrates that the expression and single nucleotide polymorphisms of CSF1R relate with survival and risk of lung cancer in never smokers. However, no previous studies have examined the association of CSF1R (...) expression in TAMs with mortality or whether the prognostic association differs according to smoking status in lung adenocarcinoma. Quantitative phosphor-integrated dot staining was used to precisely assess CSF1R expression in TAMs. Using 195 consecutive cases of lung adenocarcinoma, we examined the association of CSF1R expression with mortality and whether the prognostic association differs according to smoking status. We observed high expression levels of CSF1R in TAMs in 65 of 195 (33%) cases of lung

2018 Cancers

14. Dynamic analysis of the interactions between Si/SiO2 quantum dots and biomolecules for improving applications based on nano-bio interfaces Full Text available with Trip Pro

Dynamic analysis of the interactions between Si/SiO2 quantum dots and biomolecules for improving applications based on nano-bio interfaces Due to their outstanding properties, quantum dots (QDs) received a growing interest in the biomedical field, but it is of major importance to investigate and to understand their interaction with the biomolecules. We examined the stability of silicon QDs and the time evolution of QDs - protein corona formation in various biological media (bovine serum albumin

2018 Scientific reports

15. White and yellow dots as new trichoscopic signs of severe female androgenetic alopecia in dark skin phototypes. (Abstract)

White and yellow dots as new trichoscopic signs of severe female androgenetic alopecia in dark skin phototypes. Androgenetic alopecia or female pattern hair loss is the condition that most commonly leads to hair loss in adult females. The trichoscope is used for the early diagnosis of the disease. The study aims at finding a possible association between trichoscopic signs and disease severity in dark-skinned females.This was an observational study involving trichoscopic examination of 129 (...) females with different hair disorders.Clinical and trichoscopic examination revealed 79 patients with androgenetic alopecia. All patients showed hair shaft diameter diversity. The predominance of one hair per follicle was found in 97.4% (77/79), peripilar brown halo in 32.9% (26/79), peripilar white halo in 10.1% (8/79), and honeycomb-like scalp pigmentation in 17.7% (14/79) of patients, yellow dots in 15.2% (12/79), white dots in 20.3% (16/79), and hidden hair in 7.6% (6/79). Yellow dots and white

2018 International Journal of Dermatology

16. The role of awareness of repetition during the development of automaticity in a dot-counting task Full Text available with Trip Pro

The role of awareness of repetition during the development of automaticity in a dot-counting task This study examined whether being aware of the repetition of stimuli in a simple numerosity task could aid the development of automaticity. The numerosity task used in this study was a simple counting task. Thirty-four participants were divided into two groups. One group was instructed that the stimuli would repeat many times throughout the experiment. The results showed no significant differences

2018 PeerJ

17. Connecting the Dots between Mechanosensitive Channel Abundance, Osmotic Shock, and Survival at Single-Cell Resolution Full Text available with Trip Pro

Connecting the Dots between Mechanosensitive Channel Abundance, Osmotic Shock, and Survival at Single-Cell Resolution Rapid changes in extracellular osmolarity are one of many insults microbial cells face on a daily basis. To protect against such shocks, Escherichia coli and other microbes express several types of transmembrane channels that open and close in response to changes in membrane tension. In E. coli, one of the most abundant channels is the mechanosensitive channel of large (...) conductance (MscL). While this channel has been heavily characterized through structural methods, electrophysiology, and theoretical modeling, our understanding of its physiological role in preventing cell death by alleviating high membrane tension remains tenuous. In this work, we examine the contribution of MscL alone to cell survival after osmotic shock at single-cell resolution using quantitative fluorescence microscopy. We conducted these experiments in an E. coli strain which is lacking all

2018 Journal of bacteriology

18. Tuning the Optical Properties of Silicon Quantum Dots via Surface Functionalization with Conjugated Aromatic Fluorophores Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tuning the Optical Properties of Silicon Quantum Dots via Surface Functionalization with Conjugated Aromatic Fluorophores Silicon Quantum Dots (SQDs) have recently attracted great interest due to their excellent optical properties, low cytotoxicity, and ease of surface modification. The size of SQDs and type of ligand on their surface has a great influence on their optical properties which is still poorly understood. Here we report the synthesis and spectroscopic studies of three families (...) energy transfer process, the emission color of the SQD core could be efficiently tuned and its emission quantum efficiency enhanced. To demonstrate the potential application of the synthesized SQDs for bioimaging of cancer cells, the water-soluble perylene- and pyrene-capped SQDs were examined for fluorescent imaging of HeLa cells. The SQDs were shown to be of low cytotoxicity.

2018 Scientific reports

19. Motor Impairment and Developmental Psychotic Risk: Connecting the Dots and Narrowing the Pathophysiological Gap. (Abstract)

Motor Impairment and Developmental Psychotic Risk: Connecting the Dots and Narrowing the Pathophysiological Gap. The motor system in its manifold articulations is receiving increasing clinical and research attention. This is because motor impairments constitute a central, expressive component of the mental state examination and a key transdiagnostic feature indexing disease severity. Furthermore, within the schizophrenia spectrum, the integration of neurophysiological, developmental

2018 Schizophrenia bulletin

20. Face-Inversion Effect on Disgust Evoked by a Cluster of Dots Full Text available with Trip Pro

Face-Inversion Effect on Disgust Evoked by a Cluster of Dots A cluster of dots such as lotus seed pods evokes extremely strong disgust when it is placed on human and animal skins. However, few empirical studies have examined the role of the background image, such as skin, in the generation of disgust. In this study, we investigated whether the orientation of background faces influences the disgust evoked by the dot pattern. The participants were asked to evaluate disgust to an upright, inverted (...) , or phase-scrambled face image with or without a cluster of dots on it and then complete a questionnaire measuring trypophobia proneness (Trypophobia Questionnaire). The results suggested that disgust was intensified by the background faces, especially by the upright faces. The intensification of disgust in the upright face was correlated positively with the Trypophobia Questionnaire scores. The results indicated a face-inversion effect on the disgust to the dot pattern, suggesting a significant role

2018 i-Perception

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