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141. Correction to: A child with bilateral multiple renal cysts presenting with ascites and pleural effusion: answers. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction to: A child with bilateral multiple renal cysts presenting with ascites and pleural effusion: answers. The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The answer to question 3 was presented incorrectly. The correct answer is given below.

2019 Pediatric Nephrology

142. Fetal giant right cervical cyst causing severe tracheal compression: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fetal giant right cervical cyst causing severe tracheal compression: A case report. Fetal giant cervical cyst (FGCC) is a rare congenital anomaly. Sometimes FGCC may extend into the mediastinum, and result in severe tracheal compression, which is a life-threatening event at birth.We present a rare case of FGCC, which extended from the right neck into the superior mediastinum, and resulted in severe tracheal compression.An FGCC was observed by ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI (...) ) at 27+4 weeks' gestation (WG). Fetal MRI at 35+1 WG showed that the FGCC was 3.3 × 8.2 × 7.5 cm and extended from the right neck into the superior mediastinum. Severe tracheal compression was observed and the inside diameter of the narrowest section of tracheostenosis appeared thread-like and measured only 0.1 cm.Cervical cyst reduction was performed prenatally under ultrasound guidance to alleviate the tracheal compression and maximize the chance of fetal survival 2 days before birth. At 36+3 WG

2019 Medicine

143. A suprasellar bronchogenic cyst: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A suprasellar bronchogenic cyst: A case report. Bronchogenic cysts are mainly benign, congenital abnormalities, originating from the remnants of the primitive foregut. However, intracranial bronchogenic cysts have been rarely observed. Hence, better understanding of the suprasellar bronchogenic cysts is of great significance to properly perform perioperative management.A 62-year-old Chinese female was admitted to our hospital due to impairment of memory and asthenia.Magnetic resonance imaging (...) (MRI) confirmed presence of cystic lesion in the suprasellar region. The patient underwent craniotomy with resection of the cystic mass. The histopathological examinations confirmed diagnosis of bronchogenic cyst as well.The cystic lesion was removed without complications. No drugs during follow-up were recommended.After discharge, the patient was advised to undergo MRI for 6 months to 1 year. No evidence of recurrence was found in the first postoperative review.Bronchogenic cysts should

2019 Medicine

144. Comparison of the impact of single-port laparoscopic and conventional laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy on the ovarian reserve in adult patients with benign ovarian cysts. (Abstract)

Comparison of the impact of single-port laparoscopic and conventional laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy on the ovarian reserve in adult patients with benign ovarian cysts. Objective: The surgical approach, hemostatic approach, histologic findings, and cyst size and location may have a role in reducing the ovarian reserve. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of single-port laparoscopic cystectomy (SLC) and conventional laparoscopic cystectomy (CLC) on the ovarian reserve based (...) on serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) concentrations. Material and methods: This non-randomized concurrent control trial enrolled 79 female patients aged 18-45 years with benign ovarian cysts, including 47 patients in the SLC group and 32 patients in the CLC group. Outcome measures, including hospital stay, operative time, blood loss, analgesic use, body temperature, hospitalization cost, and serum AMH concentration, were evaluated preoperatively, two to three days postoperatively, and four to six

2019 Minimally invasive therapy & allied technologies : MITAT : official journal of the Society for Minimally Invasive Therapy Controlled trial quality: uncertain

145. [Analysis of COâ‚‚ laser and conventional laryngomicrosurgery treatments for vocal cord cyst: an evaluation of short-term voice acoustics outcomes]. (Abstract)

[Analysis of COâ‚‚ laser and conventional laryngomicrosurgery treatments for vocal cord cyst: an evaluation of short-term voice acoustics outcomes]. Objective: To compare the short-term outcomes of CO₂ laser and conventional laryngeal microsurgery for vocal cord cyst. Method: Patients with vocal cord cyst were divided randomly into two groups. One group was treated with CO₂ laser (laser group) and the other underwent Micro-flap surgery(Micro-flap group). For the objective assessment, Amulti (...) that of the Micro-flap group after 1 to 3 months of follow-up(P<0.05). But no significant differences of the parameters of G and VHI-10 was noted between the laser group and Micro-flap group(P>0.05). Conclusion: CO₂ laser laryngeal microsurgery for vocal cord cyst can significantly improve pronunciation quality.Copyright© by the Editorial Department of Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery.

2019 Lin chuang er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Journal of clinical otorhinolaryngology, head, and neck surgery Controlled trial quality: uncertain

146. PLCD1 and Pilar Cysts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

PLCD1 and Pilar Cysts. Trichilemmal or "pilar" cysts are commonly found on the scalp and are derived from the outer root sheath of the hair follicle. Multiple trichilemmal cysts present in an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance, yet the genetic mechanism has remained elusive. In this issue, Hörer et al. (2019) highlight predisposing variants in PLCD1 in such families and propose a monoallelic mutational mechanism that drives cyst formation.Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published

2019 Journal of Investigative Dermatology

147. A longitudinal analysis of albendazole treatment effect on neurocysticercosis cyst evolution using multistate models. (Abstract)

A longitudinal analysis of albendazole treatment effect on neurocysticercosis cyst evolution using multistate models. In neurocysticercosis, the larval form of the pork tapeworm Taenia solium appears to evolve through three phases-active, degenerative and sometimes calcification-before disappearance. The antihelmintic drug, albendazole, has been shown to hasten the resolution of active cysts in neurocysticercosis. Little is known about the time cysts take to progress through each phase (...) , with or without treatment.We reconfigured brain imaging data from patient level to cyst level for 117 patients in a randomized clinical trial of albendazole in which images were taken at baseline, 1, 6, 12 and 24 mo. Applying a multistate model, we modelled the hazard of a cyst evolving to subsequent cyst phases before the next imaging (vs no change). We examined the impact of albendazole treatment overall and by patient and cyst characteristics on the hazard.Albendazole accelerated the evolution from

2019 Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene Controlled trial quality: uncertain

148. An Unusual Cause of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Hydatid Cyst. (Abstract)

An Unusual Cause of Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension: Hydatid Cyst. Hydatid cyst is an important health problem throughout the world and it is caused by the larval form of Echinococcus granulosus. Although it is most commonly located in the liver and lungs, hydatid cyst can also affect other organs because the oncospheres spread through the bloodstream. The disease may have many different clinical presentations. Although it is a benign disease, sometimes it can cause serious morbidity and even (...) mortality. Here, the case of a 33-year-old male patient who underwent surgery for a right ventricle and bilateral lung hydatid cyst 9 years ago and had pulmonary hypertension is presented.Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Inc.

2019 Annals of Thoracic Surgery

149. Evaluating the discordant relationship between Tarlov cysts and symptoms of pudendal neuralgia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluating the discordant relationship between Tarlov cysts and symptoms of pudendal neuralgia. Pudendal neuralgia is a painful neuropathic condition involving the pudendal nerve dermatome. Tarlov cysts have been reported in the literature as another potential cause of chronic lumbosacral and pelvic pain. Notably, they are often located in the distribution of the pudendal nerve origin at the S2, S3, and S4 sacral nerve roots and it has been postulated that they may cause similar symptoms (...) to pudendal neuralgia. Literature has been inconsistent on the clinical relevance of the cysts and if they are responsible for symptoms.To evaluate the prevalence of S2-S4 Tarlov cysts at the pudendal nerve origin (S2-S4 sacral nerve roots) in patients specifically diagnosed with pudendal neuralgia, and establish association of patient symptoms with location of Tarlov cyst.A retrospective study was performed on 242 patients with pudendal neuralgia referred for pelvic magnetic resonance imaging from

2019 American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology

150. The combination of Cytokines and albendazole therapy for prophylaxis and treatment of experimental ./hydatid cyst. Full Text available with Trip Pro

The combination of Cytokines and albendazole therapy for prophylaxis and treatment of experimental ./hydatid cyst. Albendazole is appropriate chemotherapy for treatment and prophylaxis of cystic echinococcosis (CE). The recent studies show Cytokine therapy could be useful for chronic and progressive diseases, therefore, the use of cytokine in prophylaxis and treatment of hydatidosis could be considerable. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of interleukin-12 + interferon-gamma (...) , in combination with albendazole for prophylaxis and treatment of CE in Balb/c mice. Albendazole and cytokines were administrated for prophylaxis and treatment in CE. The efficacy of this agents were determined by measuring of size, weight, number of cysts, histology and lymphocyte response. Lymphocyte stimulation index and production of interleukin-12 and interferon-gamma were measured by MTT assay and ELISA respectively. Combination of albendazole and cytokines was very effective for prophylaxis

2019 Acta Tropica

151. Case Report: Laparoscopic Excision of a Primary Giant Splenic Hydatid Cyst: Literature Review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Case Report: Laparoscopic Excision of a Primary Giant Splenic Hydatid Cyst: Literature Review. Cystic echinococcosis (CE), also known as hydatid cyst, is a zoonosis caused by the tapeworm Echinococcus granulosus. It is a common health problem in many countries. This condition predominantly affects the liver and the lungs, and the spleen to a less extent (splenic hydatid cyst, SHD). Indeed, it is estimated that SHD occurs in less than 2% of abdominal CE and 0.5-8% of CE cases. Here, we present (...) . In addition to this case, we review the previous literature on SHD treated by laparoscopy and reveal that laparoscopic approach is safe and effective for SHD. Particularly, we show that laparoscopic splenectomy is feasible for giant cysts (> 10 cm) at high risk of rupture or compressing other vital structures.

2019 American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene

152. Supratentorial arachnoid cysts and seizures/epilepsy: A population study in community dwellers aged ≥20 years. (Abstract)

Supratentorial arachnoid cysts and seizures/epilepsy: A population study in community dwellers aged ≥20 years. Literature on the association between arachnoid cysts and seizures/epilepsy is inconsistent, and most series have been flawed due to recruitment bias. In this study, we aimed to assess the prevalence of supratentorial arachnoid cysts (SACs) in Atahualpa residents aged ≥20 years, and to estimate whether these lesions were associated with seizures/epilepsy. A total of 1157 individuals

2019 Epilepsia

153. Exploring the complex associations over time among albendazole treatment, cyst evolution, and seizure outcomes in neurocysticercosis. (Abstract)

Exploring the complex associations over time among albendazole treatment, cyst evolution, and seizure outcomes in neurocysticercosis. To develop a causal model for the occurrence of neurocysticercosis (NC)-related seizures and test hypotheses generated from the model.We used data from a randomized controlled trial comparing albendazole with placebo among patients newly diagnosed with NC. Based on our causal model, we explored the associations among albendazole treatment, NC cyst evolution (...) increased over the first few months following treatment, then decreased over time. Generalized seizures exhibited a more complex association; those in the albendazole group had fewer seizures compared with those in the placebo group for the first few months after treatment, and then the association reversed and those in the placebo arm had fewer seizures. Adjusting for the number of NC cysts in each phase resulted in an attenuation of the strength of association between albendazole and seizure outcomes

2019 Epilepsia Controlled trial quality: predicted high

154. Facet joint cyst haematoma: a rare cause of cauda equina syndrome. (Abstract)

Facet joint cyst haematoma: a rare cause of cauda equina syndrome. Facet joint cysts are a feature of lumbar spondylosis and are an uncommon cause of radiculopathy. Facet joint cyst haematoma is a very rare entity and has previously been reported as a subacute cause of leg pain, back pain, sensory deficit and lower limb weakness. We present the unique case of facet joint cyst haematoma presenting as cauda equina syndrome. An 81 year old lady presented with a 7 day history of back pain and left

2019 British Journal of Neurosurgery

155. Spinal intradural arachnoid cyst associated with diastematomyelia in an adult: a case report and review of literature. (Abstract)

Spinal intradural arachnoid cyst associated with diastematomyelia in an adult: a case report and review of literature. We report a case of a spinal intradural arachnoid cyst in a thirty year old female with a previously undiagnosed and untreated diastematomyelia. The cyst was located exactly between the two hemi-cords of the split cord malformation. The patient was treated successfully by laminoplasty and total removal of the cyst. Additionally, sectioning of the filium terminale was done (...) in the same sitting by a separate incision. This case posed a diagnostic dilemma. Though the clinical findings favoured an extramedullary lesion, the possibility of cystic degeneration in the spinal cord due to the tethered cord syndrome could not be completely negated. Spinal intradural arachnoid cysts have been reported in association with various neural tube defects, mainly in the paediatric age group. However, such a lesion associated with diastematomyelia in an adult, to the best of our knowledge

2019 British Journal of Neurosurgery

156. Spinal intradural arachnoid cyst as a complication of insertion of an interspinous device. (Abstract)

Spinal intradural arachnoid cyst as a complication of insertion of an interspinous device. Spinal intradural arachnoid cysts (SACs) account for approximately 10% of total arachnoid cysts, and iatrogenic attribution is rare. A 50-year-old male presented with low back pain and severe radiating pain in his right leg along the S1 dermatome. He had an interspinous device (ISD) inserted 10 years earlier. Plain radiographs showed breakage and angular movement of the ISD at L4/5. Magnetic resonance (...) imaging (MRI) of the lumbosacral spine disclosed multiple intradural cystic tumors in the entire lumbar region. He underwent removal of the ISD, laminectomy, and resection of the intradural cyst. The pathologic finding of the cystic tumor was compatible with arachnoid cyst. Antibodies to parasites, including cysticercosis, were negative in both the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The ventral surface of the implant was clearly broken.

2019 British Journal of Neurosurgery

157. <i>ALG9</i> Mutation Carriers Develop Kidney and Liver Cysts. (Abstract)

ALG9 Mutation Carriers Develop Kidney and Liver Cysts. Mutations in PKD1 or PKD2 cause typical autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), the most common monogenic kidney disease. Dominantly inherited polycystic kidney and liver diseases on the ADPKD spectrum are also caused by mutations in at least six other genes required for protein biogenesis in the endoplasmic reticulum, the loss of which results in defective production of the PKD1 gene product, the membrane protein (...) after age 50; seven (88%) had at least four kidney cysts, compared with none in matched controls without ALG9 mutations.ALG9 is a novel disease gene in the genetically heterogeneous ADPKD spectrum. This study supports the utility of phenotype characterization in genetically-defined cohorts to validate novel disease genes, and provide much-needed genotype-phenotype correlations.Copyright © 2019 by the American Society of Nephrology.

2019 Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

158. Cell-Autonomous Hedgehog Signaling Is Not Required for Cyst Formation in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease. (Abstract)

Cell-Autonomous Hedgehog Signaling Is Not Required for Cyst Formation in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease. PKD1 or PKD2, the two main causal genes for autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), encode the multipass transmembrane proteins polycystin-1 (PC1) and polycystin-2 (PC2), respectively. Polycystins localize to the primary cilium, an organelle essential for cell signaling, including signal transduction of the Hedgehog pathway. Mutations in ciliary genes that build (...) and maintain the cilium also cause renal cystic disease through unknown pathways. Although recent studies have found alterations in Hedgehog signaling in ADPKD-related models and tissues, the relationship between Hedgehog and polycystic kidney disease is not known.To examine the potential role of cell-autonomous Hedgehog signaling in regulating kidney cyst formation in vivo in both early- and adult-onset mouse models of ADPKD, we used conditional inactivation of Pkd1 combined with conditional modulation

2019 Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

159. Perianchor Cyst Formation After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair Using All-Suture-Type, Bioabsorbable-Type, and PEEK-Type Anchors. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perianchor Cyst Formation After Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair Using All-Suture-Type, Bioabsorbable-Type, and PEEK-Type Anchors. This study aimed to identify the difference in postoperative perianchor bone reactions in different groups of patients who underwent rotator cuff tear repairs with all-suture-, bioabsorbable screw-, and PEEK (polyether ether ketone)-type suture anchors. Furthermore, the rate of rotator cuff retear and its association with perianchor bone reactions based (...) was categorized according to grades. Patients were classified based on repair integrity into the healed and retear groups with Sugaya type I to III and Sugaya type IV to V, respectively.No statistically significant differences in Constant scores and retear rates were observed between the groups (P = .934 and P = .548, respectively). Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the total number of perianchor cysts formed postoperatively was 23 (10.8% [23 of 213 patients]). Moreover, the proportions of perianchor

2019 Arthroscopy

160. Editorial Commentary: Perianchor Cysts-We Need More Worries After Rotator Cuff Repair Like We Need Holes in the Head. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Editorial Commentary: Perianchor Cysts-We Need More Worries After Rotator Cuff Repair Like We Need Holes in the Head. Cysts or radiolucent rings are relatively common around suture anchors after rotator cuff repair. The rate of cyst occurrence is similar across anchor types and materials. Generally, perianchor cysts are benign and can be regarded as not affecting clinical outcomes.Copyright © 2019 Arthroscopy Association of North America. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Arthroscopy

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