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141. Symptomatic hemiparkinsonism due to extensive middle and posterior fossa arachnoid cyst: case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Symptomatic hemiparkinsonism due to extensive middle and posterior fossa arachnoid cyst: case report. Intracranial neoplasms are an uncommon cause of symptomatic parkinsonism. We here report a patient with an extensive middle and posterior fossa arachnoid cyst presenting with parkinsonism that was treated by neurosurgical intervention.Retrospective chart review and clinical examination of the patient.This 55-year-old male patient with hemiparkinsonism and recurrent bouts of headaches was first (...) and pyramidal signs. Repeat CT scanning revealed a progression of the cysts as well as secondary hydrocephalus. Following repeat decompression of the brainstem and fenestration of all cystic membranes parkinsonism improved with a MDS- UPDRS III score reduction from 39 to 21. Histology revealed arachnoid cystic material.We report on a rare case of recurrent symptomatic hemiparkinsonism resulting from arachnoid cysts.

2020 BMC Neurology

142. Bipolar disorder in megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts: a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Bipolar disorder in megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts: a case report. Megalencephalic leukoencephalopathy with subcortical cysts (MLC), or Van der Knaap disease, is a rare spongiform leukodystrophy that is characterized by macrocephaly, progressive motor dysfunction, and mild mental retardation. It is very rare for mental illness such as psychotic disorders, affective disorders and anxiety disorders to occur in MLC.A 17-year-old boy was admitted to our hospital after he

2020 BMC Psychiatry

143. Treatment of simple bone cysts of the humerus by intramedullary nailing and steroid injection. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment of simple bone cysts of the humerus by intramedullary nailing and steroid injection. Simple bone cysts (SBCs) are common benign lytic bone lesions in children. This study focused on exploring a clinical treatment method, minimally invasive intramedullary decompression and drainage with elastic stable intramedullary nailing (ESIN) combined with intralesional injections of steroids, and evaluated its effectiveness, complications and morbidity through functional and radiographic (...) findings and pathological diagnosis. Radiological and functional outcomes were evaluated according to Capanna and Musculoskeletal Tumor Society (MSTS) score. The interclass differences were analyzed by t-test.According to Capanna and MSTS criteria, after treatment, 14 patients made full recoveries which was presented by all the cysts filled with bone tissue, and 4 patients made partially recoveries, which were presented by cystic spaces partially filled with low density bone. All the cysts responded

2020 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

144. A potential risk factor of total knee arthroplasty: an infected Baker's cyst - a case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

A potential risk factor of total knee arthroplasty: an infected Baker's cyst - a case report. In adults, Baker's cyst development is attributable principally to secondary alterations after degenerative changes. The latter changes often accompany osteoarthritis, and we frequently encounter patients with Baker's cysts seeking total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Baker's cysts are not usually subject to extensive preoperative evaluation because the cysts often disappear naturally after surgery (...) debridement and cyst excision because the patient was experienced severe pain only on maximal knee flexion, and did not want TKA. Pus gushed from the torn cyst during the operation. We diagnosed an infected Baker's cyst. The patient was treated with a first-generation cephalosporin postoperatively.A Baker's cyst that was aspirated and still causes symptoms with altered blood tests needs to be evaluated accurately before TKA.

2020 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

145. Tailgut cyst with adenocarcinoma transition: A rare case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Tailgut cyst with adenocarcinoma transition: A rare case report. Tailgut cyst (TGC) is a rare congenital disease that originates from residues of the tail intestine during the embryonic period. Most TGCs are benign lesions and the malignant transition is very rare.A 50-year-old woman attended our department complaining of defecation difficulty for more than 2 months. She reported irregular defecation with a small amount of liquid stool, 3 to 4 times per day.Biochemical analysis showed high (...) levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (79.89 ng/mL; normal, 0-3 ng/mL) and carbohydrate antigen 199 (57.60 U/mL; normal, 0-35 U/mL). Abdominal computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging showed a large cystic mass with enhanced signals. Post-surgical histopathology indicated that the mass was a TGC with adenocarcinoma transition.The cyst was completely resected. Symptomatic treatment was further performed, and the patient recovered well.We reported a rare case of a large TGC with adenocarcinoma

2020 Medicine

146. Pilar cyst on the dorsum of hand: A case report and review of literature. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Pilar cyst on the dorsum of hand: A case report and review of literature. Pilar cyst mainly occurs on the scalp, but pilar cyst on the dorsum of hand has not been reported. Herein, we provide information to improve the clinical cognition of pilar cyst location.A 76-year-old man presented with a round nodule on the opisthenar of his right hand for two months without any subjective symptoms.Histological features of the lesion biopsy indicated the diagnosis of pilar cyst.Surgical resection (...) was made under local anesthesia.Complete recovery was achieved after surgery.Pilar cyst rarely occurs on the dorsum of hand and its diagnosis depends on histopathological examinations. Surgical resection is the only way to treat it.

2020 Medicine

147. The study of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion‐weighted magnetic resonance imaging in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts from liver simple cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

The study of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion‐weighted magnetic resonance imaging in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts from liver simple cysts The aim of this study was to investigate the value of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts (HCs) from liver simple cysts.Forty-six patients underwent MR imaging. Twenty-nine patients had 29 hydatid cysts and 17 patients had liver simple cysts. Thirteen (...) patients with hydatid cysts and seven patients with liver simple cysts were evaluated with cyst fluid biochemical analysis. The concentration of glucose, protein, calcium ion (Ca2+ ) electrolyte, macroscopic appearance, and parasitological sediment were evaluated in this study.In the respect of biochemical analysis cyst fluid, the concentration of glucose and calcium ion of HCs was significantly higher than that of the liver simple cysts. In the respect of DWI, in the b 1000 s/mm2 value in respect

2017 Journal of clinical laboratory analysis

148. Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis

Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis Leggett LE, Sevick LK, Lorenzetti D, Spackman E, Clement F Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Leggett LE, Sevick LK, Lorenzetti D, Spackman E, Clement F . Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis (...) . Calgary: HTA Unit, University of Calgary 2016 Authors' conclusions The evidence published on treatment of pineal gland cysts is weak; however, the literature is in agreement that surgery for symptomatic pineal gland cysts is effective at relieving symptoms. There is no comparative evidence concerning which surgical approach may lead to better outcomes. Surgery does not cause significant long-term side-effects There is no evidence on patient quality of life, attitudes towards treatment of experiences

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

149. Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary

Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary Health Technology Assessment Unit, University of Calgary Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Health Technology Assessment Unit, University of Calgary. Pineal gland cysts (...) : an evidence synthesis summary. Calgary: HTA Unit, University of Calgary 2016 Authors' conclusions The evidence published on treatment of pineal gland cysts is weak; however, the literature is in agreement that surgery for symptomatic pineal gland cysts is effective at relieving symptoms. There is no comparative evidence concerning which surgical approach may lead to better outcomes. Surgery does not cause significant long-term side-effects . There is no evidence on patient quality of life, attitudes

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

150. Interventions for treating simple bone cysts in the long bones of children. (Abstract)

Interventions for treating simple bone cysts in the long bones of children. Simple bone cysts, also known as a unicameral bone cysts or solitary bone cysts, are the most common type of benign bone lesion in growing children. Cysts may lead to repeated pathological fracture (fracture that occurs in an area of bone weakened by a disease process). Occasionally, these fractures may result in symptomatic malunion. The main goals of treatment are to decrease the risk of pathological fracture, enhance (...) cyst healing and resolve pain. Despite the numerous treatment methods that have been used for simple bone cysts in long bones of children, there is no consensus on the best procedure.To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of interventions for treating simple bone cysts in the long bones of children, including adolescents.We intended the following main comparisons: invasive (e.g. injections, curettage, surgical fixation) versus non-invasive interventions (e.g. observation, plaster cast

2014 Cochrane

151. Transcriptome-wide selection of a reliable set of reference genes for gene expression studies in potato cyst nematodes (Globodera spp.). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transcriptome-wide selection of a reliable set of reference genes for gene expression studies in potato cyst nematodes (Globodera spp.). Relative gene expression analyses by qRT-PCR (quantitative reverse transcription PCR) require an internal control to normalize the expression data of genes of interest and eliminate the unwanted variation introduced by sample preparation. A perfect reference gene should have a constant expression level under all the experimental conditions. However, the same

2018 PLoS ONE

152. Novel RNA viruses within plant parasitic cyst nematodes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Novel RNA viruses within plant parasitic cyst nematodes. The study of invertebrate-and particularly nematode-viruses is emerging with the advancement of transcriptome sequencing. Five single-stranded RNA viruses have now been confirmed within the economically important soybean cyst nematode (SCN; Heterodera glycines). From previous research, we know these viruses to be widespread in greenhouse and field populations of SCN. Several of the SCN viruses were also confirmed within clover (H (...) . trifolii) and beet (H. schachtii) cyst nematodes. In the presented study, we sequenced the transcriptomes of several inbred SCN populations and identified two previously undiscovered viral-like genomes. Both of these proposed viruses are negative-sense RNA viruses and have been named SCN nyami-like virus (NLV) and SCN bunya-like virus (BLV). Finally, we analyzed publicly available transcriptome data of two potato cyst nematode (PCN) species, Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis. From these data

2018 PLoS ONE

153. Correction: Management of the soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines with combinations of different rhizobacterial strains on soybean. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Management of the soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines with combinations of different rhizobacterial strains on soybean. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182654.].

2018 PLoS ONE

154. Gene-based molecular analysis of COX1 in Echinococcus granulosus cysts isolated from naturally infected livestock in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gene-based molecular analysis of COX1 in Echinococcus granulosus cysts isolated from naturally infected livestock in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The diversity and importance of Echinococcus species in domesticated animals in Saudi Arabia are poorly understood. In this study, 108 singular (hydatid) cysts were collected from goats (n = 25), sheep (n = 56) and camels (n = 27). DNA was extracted from the protoscoleces of individual fertile cysts and used for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification (...) of mitochondrial subunit 1 of the cytochrome c oxidase 1 (cox1) gene. Amplicon sequencing results revealed the presence of Echinococcus granulosus sensustricto (s.s.) (genotypes G1-G3) in 16 of the17 sheep cysts and 2 of the 27 camel cysts.of these samples, 18 (2 camel and 16 sheep) were divided into genotypes G1, G2, and G3.

2018 PLoS ONE

155. Single-Incision Laparoscopy Surgery Excision of an Infected Urachal Cyst: Description of the Technique Full Text available with Trip Pro

Single-Incision Laparoscopy Surgery Excision of an Infected Urachal Cyst: Description of the Technique Background: Urachal cysts (UCs) are secondary to incomplete obliteration of the embryonic urachal duct and may become symptomatic when infected. Treatment is primarily surgical to excise the infected cyst. Surgical approaches include a lower midline laparotomy or minimally invasive (MI) techniques. Case: We present a case of a young male with an infected UC that was treated with a single

2017 Journal of endourology case reports

156. Giant Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Cause of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Giant Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Cause of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Introduction  Epidermoid tumors represent approximately 0.3 to 1.8% of all intracranial brain tumors. Only 1.5% of all intracranial epidermoid cysts (ECs) invade the brain and secondary epilepsy is extremely rare. Since August 2014, a 59-year-old male smoker had been presenting bad smell feelings, totaling four episodes with sudden onset and duration of 2 minutes. On September 2014, after a sense of smell episode, it evolved

2017 Journal of neurological surgery reports

157. Infected cyst in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: Analysis of computed tomographic and ultrasonographic imaging features. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Infected cyst in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: Analysis of computed tomographic and ultrasonographic imaging features. To investigate the imaging features of cyst infection in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients using computed tomography (CT) and ultrasonography (US).The institutional review board approved this retrospective study. Fifty-one episodes with proven cyst infection in forty-three ADPKD patients were included. Two experienced (...) abdominal radiologists reviewed CT and US images and evaluated the following imaging features in consensus: cyst size, location, cyst shape, intracystic attenuation, intracystic echogenicity, intracystic heterogeneity, wall thickness, the presence of fluid-fluid level, septation, intracystic gas, pericystic fat infiltration, and pericystic hyperemia. Intracystic attenuation was measured for all infected cysts and two presumed normal cysts and compared using the Wilcoxon rank-sum test.On CT scans

2018 PLoS ONE

158. Completely Isolated Retroperitoneal Enteric Duplication Cyst with Adenocarcinoma Transformation Managed with Robotic Radical Nephrectomy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Completely Isolated Retroperitoneal Enteric Duplication Cyst with Adenocarcinoma Transformation Managed with Robotic Radical Nephrectomy Background: Enteric duplication cysts are congenital malformations that typically affect children in infancy, but can also affect adults. Rarely, these cysts can be complicated by malignancy. We present the first case of retroperitoneal duplication cyst that was complicated by malignancy transformation and managed by robot-assisted excision. Case presentation (...) : A 64-year-old female with a history of a left-sided renal cyst presented with a 4-month history of abdominal pain and fatigue. MRI revealed a bilobed cyst, with components measuring 6.9 × 6.6 and 6.1 × 6.9 cm, which had grown since previous imaging, and hemorrhage in some portions of the cysts, as well as cystic wall enhancement, suggesting a possible malignancy. The patient consented to a robot-assisted partial (possible radical) nephrectomy. During the procedure, the cystic structure appeared

2017 Journal of endourology case reports

159. Cystitis Cystica as a Large Solitary Bladder Cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cystitis Cystica as a Large Solitary Bladder Cyst Background: In this case we describe the rare and not previously documented presentation of cystitis cystica as a large solitary cystic lesion within the bladder wall. Case Presentation: We present a case of a 46-year-old Russian male with a history of lower urinary tract symptoms and suprapubic pain. CT urogram showed a 5.8 cm filling defect/cystic mass related to the base of the bladder and prostate with 8 mm thick wall. The patient underwent (...) cystoscopy and contrast study of bladder lesion with urethral dilatation and transurethral deroofing of bladder wall cyst under general anesthesia. A histologic diagnosis of cystitis cystica was made. Conclusion: This case described the rare presentation of a large solitary bladder cyst arising from the anterior bladder wall, identified histologically as cystitis cystica. Cystitis cystica presenting as a large cystic lesion of the bladder wall is rare; however, a diagnosis of cystitis cystica should

2017 Journal of endourology case reports

160. Micronodular thymoma with lymphoid stroma: Two cases, one in a multilocular thymic cyst, and literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Micronodular thymoma with lymphoid stroma: Two cases, one in a multilocular thymic cyst, and literature review Micronodular thymoma with lymphoid stroma (MTWLS) is a rare type of thymoma that shows a similar pattern but varied morphology and immunophenotype of tumor cells. Because of the extremely limited number of cases reported, the pathology and biology of MTWLS are equivocal. Herein, we report two cases located in the anterior mediastinum: Case 1: a 58-year-old woman with a cystic mass

2017 Thoracic cancer

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