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81. Current trends and 30-day surgical outcomes for thyroglossal duct cyst excision in children. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Current trends and 30-day surgical outcomes for thyroglossal duct cyst excision in children. Identify current trends, adverse events, and clinical predictors in children treated with thyroglossal duct cyst surgery.Cross-sectional analysis using American College of Surgeons (ACS) National Surgical Quality Improvement Program® (ACS NSQIP® - pediatric), years 2012-2016. Patients were identified using CPT codes: 60280 - excision of thyroglossal duct cyst or sinus and 60281 - excision (...) of thyroglossal duct cyst or sinus, recurrent.1532 (333 inpatient and 1199 outpatient) total cases were identified. Median age was 5.16 years interquartile range [IQR] (2.87, 8.35 years). No mortalities, cases of sepsis or nerve injury were identified. Adverse event rate was 4.4% (68/1532). Inpatient cases were associated with higher rates of adverse events (p = 0.006). Adverse events mostly consistent of wound infections, unplanned reoperations and readmissions, 2.6%, 2.2% and 2.0%, respectively. The most

2020 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

82. Transoral Endoscopic Vestibular Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Excision. (Abstract)

Transoral Endoscopic Vestibular Thyroglossal Duct Cyst Excision. Thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs) are relatively common congenital midline neck masses that are treated with surgical excision. Traditionally these are removed along with any associated tract and the central portion of the hyoid bone through an anterior neck incision. Some patients with TGDCs want to avoid an external neck scar.We describe the details of a transoral endoscopic vestibular excision of a TGDC and the associated hyoid

2020 Rhinology and Laryngology

83. The study of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion‐weighted magnetic resonance imaging in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts from liver simple cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

The study of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion‐weighted magnetic resonance imaging in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts from liver simple cysts The aim of this study was to investigate the value of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts (HCs) from liver simple cysts.Forty-six patients underwent MR imaging. Twenty-nine patients had 29 hydatid cysts and 17 patients had liver simple cysts. Thirteen (...) patients with hydatid cysts and seven patients with liver simple cysts were evaluated with cyst fluid biochemical analysis. The concentration of glucose, protein, calcium ion (Ca2+ ) electrolyte, macroscopic appearance, and parasitological sediment were evaluated in this study.In the respect of biochemical analysis cyst fluid, the concentration of glucose and calcium ion of HCs was significantly higher than that of the liver simple cysts. In the respect of DWI, in the b 1000 s/mm2 value in respect

2017 Journal of clinical laboratory analysis

84. Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis

Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis Leggett LE, Sevick LK, Lorenzetti D, Spackman E, Clement F Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Leggett LE, Sevick LK, Lorenzetti D, Spackman E, Clement F . Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis (...) . Calgary: HTA Unit, University of Calgary 2016 Authors' conclusions The evidence published on treatment of pineal gland cysts is weak; however, the literature is in agreement that surgery for symptomatic pineal gland cysts is effective at relieving symptoms. There is no comparative evidence concerning which surgical approach may lead to better outcomes. Surgery does not cause significant long-term side-effects There is no evidence on patient quality of life, attitudes towards treatment of experiences

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

85. Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary

Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary Health Technology Assessment Unit, University of Calgary Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Health Technology Assessment Unit, University of Calgary. Pineal gland cysts (...) : an evidence synthesis summary. Calgary: HTA Unit, University of Calgary 2016 Authors' conclusions The evidence published on treatment of pineal gland cysts is weak; however, the literature is in agreement that surgery for symptomatic pineal gland cysts is effective at relieving symptoms. There is no comparative evidence concerning which surgical approach may lead to better outcomes. Surgery does not cause significant long-term side-effects . There is no evidence on patient quality of life, attitudes

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

86. Interventions for treating simple bone cysts in the long bones of children. (Abstract)

Interventions for treating simple bone cysts in the long bones of children. Simple bone cysts, also known as a unicameral bone cysts or solitary bone cysts, are the most common type of benign bone lesion in growing children. Cysts may lead to repeated pathological fracture (fracture that occurs in an area of bone weakened by a disease process). Occasionally, these fractures may result in symptomatic malunion. The main goals of treatment are to decrease the risk of pathological fracture, enhance (...) cyst healing and resolve pain. Despite the numerous treatment methods that have been used for simple bone cysts in long bones of children, there is no consensus on the best procedure.To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of interventions for treating simple bone cysts in the long bones of children, including adolescents.We intended the following main comparisons: invasive (e.g. injections, curettage, surgical fixation) versus non-invasive interventions (e.g. observation, plaster cast

2014 Cochrane

87. Baker's cyst: What else might it be?

Baker's cyst: What else might it be? Differential diagnosis | Diagnosis | Baker's cyst | CKS | NICE Search CKS… Menu Differential diagnosis Baker's cyst: What else might it be? Last revised in May 2020 What else might it be? The differential diagnosis of Baker's cyst includes: Deep vein thrombosis — for further information, see the CKS topic on . Superficial thrombophlebitis — for further information, see the CKS topic on . Popliteal artery aneurysm. Popliteal varices. Lipoma. Ganglion cyst (...) . Abscess. Haematoma. Synovial haemangioma. Muscular herniation. Benign or malignant tumours (such as sarcoma, lymphoma or metastases). Basis for recommendation Information on the differential diagnosis of Baker's cyst is based on expert opinion in review articles [ ; ; ; ] [ ; ; ]. © .

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

88. Baker's cyst: Paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Baker's cyst: Paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Paracetamol and NSAIDS | Prescribing information | Baker's cyst | CKS | NICE Search CKS… Menu Paracetamol and NSAIDS Baker's cyst: Paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) Last revised in May 2020 Paracetamol and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) For prescribing information on paracetamol and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), see the CKS topics on and . © .

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

89. Baker's cyst

Baker's cyst Baker's cyst | Topics A to Z | CKS | NICE Search CKS… Menu Baker's cyst Baker's cyst Last revised in May 2020 Baker's cysts (also known as popliteal cysts) are not true cysts. They are a distension of the gastrocnemius-semimembranosus bursa behind the knee. Diagnosis Management Prescribing information Background information Baker's cyst: Summary Baker's cysts (also known as popliteal cysts) are not true cysts. They are a distension of the gastrocnemius-semimembranosus bursa behind (...) the knee. Baker's cysts are described as primary or secondary. Primary cysts are not associated with underlying disease of the knee joint and are found mainly in children. Secondary cysts are associated with underlying disease of the knee joint and tend to have a communication between the bursa and the rest of the knee joint. Almost all Baker's cysts in adults are secondary. The prevalence of Baker's cysts varies widely depending on the population studied, the definition of cyst used

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

90. Neck lump: Scenario: Branchial cyst

Neck lump: Scenario: Branchial cyst Scenario: Branchial cyst | Management | Neck lump | CKS | NICE Search CKS… Menu Scenario: Branchial cyst Neck lump: Scenario: Branchial cyst Last revised in January 2016 Scenario: Branchial cyst From age 1 month onwards. Management of a branchial cyst If a branchial cyst is suspected, refer to an ear, nose, and throat specialist. Basis for recommendation This recommendation is based on expert opinion in review articles [ ; ; ]. Referral is recommended (...) because branchial cysts may become infected and usually require surgical excision [ ]. It is also important to exclude a cystic metastasis from a papillary thyroid carcinoma or primary pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma or a metastatic lymph node as these can present similarly, particularly in people of 40 years of age or older [ ; ]. © .

2018 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

91. Occurrence of tissue cyst forming coccidia in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) rescued on the coast of Brazil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Occurrence of tissue cyst forming coccidia in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) rescued on the coast of Brazil. The main motivation for this study was to determine the occurrence of Toxoplasma gondii, a cosmopolitan widespread zoonotic parasite distribution that can infect a wide variety of mammals and birds, in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) in Brazil. In recent decades there has been a significant increase in the number of penguins originating from Argentinian (...) , with titers of 20 (7 birds), 40 (9 birds) and 80 (2 birds). Mouse bioassay for the isolation of T. gondii was performed using tissues from 54 penguins that were also surveyed in 2015, but no isolates were obtained. DNA from tissue samples of 330 individuals was PCR amplified and sequenced to detect tissue cyst forming coccidians by using pan sarcocystids-directed primers (based on 18S rDNA). These samples were from animals surveyed in 2015 and from frozen stocked tissues from animals surveyed in the years

2018 PLoS ONE

92. Potassium-induced plant resistance against soybean cyst nematode via root exudation of phenolic acids and plant pathogen-related genes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Potassium-induced plant resistance against soybean cyst nematode via root exudation of phenolic acids and plant pathogen-related genes. Soybean cyst nematode (SCN) is a severe soil borne disease. The control of this disease is still a worldwide problem in agriculture. In this study, we found that application of potassium (K) fertilizer could decrease the occurrence of SCN at two field sites. Furthermore, the application of K could suppress Heterodera glycines with the activation

2018 PLoS ONE

93. Significance and usefulness of imaging characteristics of gubernaculum tracts for the diagnosis of odontogenic tumors or cysts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Significance and usefulness of imaging characteristics of gubernaculum tracts for the diagnosis of odontogenic tumors or cysts. We aimed to determine the significance and usefulness of imaging characteristics of gubernaculum tracts (GT) for the diagnosis of odontogenic tumors or cysts. This was a retrospective analysis of relationships between odontogenic or non-odontogenic tumors or cysts and the GT that were visualized using multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). The relationship between (...) the size of a mass and expansion of the GT in all odontogenic tumors or cysts to which GTs were contiguous on MDCT, was statistically analyzed. Intact or expanded GTs were detected in MDCT images on the top of almost all odontogenic tumors or cysts, but not on non-odontogenic tumors or cysts. Characteristic image findings regarding the relationship between the GT and the odontogenic mass were detected for the respective odontogenic tumors or cysts in which the GTs were contiguous to the mass on MDCT

2018 PLoS ONE

94. Iridociliary cysts do not impact on posterior phakic intraocular lens implantation for high myopia correction: A prospective cohort study in 1569 eyes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Iridociliary cysts do not impact on posterior phakic intraocular lens implantation for high myopia correction: A prospective cohort study in 1569 eyes. To investigate the clinical characters and effect of iridociliary cysts among patients who had undergone posterior phakic intraocular lens implantation.A total 1569 eyes of 866 high myopia patients, who underwent phakic intraocular lens implantation from 1 September 2011 to 31 August 2016, was included in this prospective cohort study (...) . These patients were followed up for more than 12 months postoperatively.During the study period, 218 eyes (14%) of 154 patients were diagnosed with iridociliary cysts by ultrasound biomicroscopy. There were 74.3% patients with unilateral cysts and the cysts tended to have occurred in patients ages 20 to 30 years old (22%). The location of the cysts varied with temporal position as the most (50%) and superior position as the least (9.6%). After 1 week postoperative follow-up, there were no significant

2018 PLoS ONE

95. Gene-based molecular analysis of COX1 in Echinococcus granulosus cysts isolated from naturally infected livestock in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gene-based molecular analysis of COX1 in Echinococcus granulosus cysts isolated from naturally infected livestock in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The diversity and importance of Echinococcus species in domesticated animals in Saudi Arabia are poorly understood. In this study, 108 singular (hydatid) cysts were collected from goats (n = 25), sheep (n = 56) and camels (n = 27). DNA was extracted from the protoscoleces of individual fertile cysts and used for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification (...) of mitochondrial subunit 1 of the cytochrome c oxidase 1 (cox1) gene. Amplicon sequencing results revealed the presence of Echinococcus granulosus sensustricto (s.s.) (genotypes G1-G3) in 16 of the17 sheep cysts and 2 of the 27 camel cysts.of these samples, 18 (2 camel and 16 sheep) were divided into genotypes G1, G2, and G3.

2018 PLoS ONE

96. Novel RNA viruses within plant parasitic cyst nematodes. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Novel RNA viruses within plant parasitic cyst nematodes. The study of invertebrate-and particularly nematode-viruses is emerging with the advancement of transcriptome sequencing. Five single-stranded RNA viruses have now been confirmed within the economically important soybean cyst nematode (SCN; Heterodera glycines). From previous research, we know these viruses to be widespread in greenhouse and field populations of SCN. Several of the SCN viruses were also confirmed within clover (H (...) . trifolii) and beet (H. schachtii) cyst nematodes. In the presented study, we sequenced the transcriptomes of several inbred SCN populations and identified two previously undiscovered viral-like genomes. Both of these proposed viruses are negative-sense RNA viruses and have been named SCN nyami-like virus (NLV) and SCN bunya-like virus (BLV). Finally, we analyzed publicly available transcriptome data of two potato cyst nematode (PCN) species, Globodera pallida and G. rostochiensis. From these data

2018 PLoS ONE

97. Correction: Management of the soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines with combinations of different rhizobacterial strains on soybean. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Management of the soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines with combinations of different rhizobacterial strains on soybean. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182654.].

2018 PLoS ONE

98. Transcriptome-wide selection of a reliable set of reference genes for gene expression studies in potato cyst nematodes (Globodera spp.). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transcriptome-wide selection of a reliable set of reference genes for gene expression studies in potato cyst nematodes (Globodera spp.). Relative gene expression analyses by qRT-PCR (quantitative reverse transcription PCR) require an internal control to normalize the expression data of genes of interest and eliminate the unwanted variation introduced by sample preparation. A perfect reference gene should have a constant expression level under all the experimental conditions. However, the same

2018 PLoS ONE

99. Completely Isolated Retroperitoneal Enteric Duplication Cyst with Adenocarcinoma Transformation Managed with Robotic Radical Nephrectomy Full Text available with Trip Pro

Completely Isolated Retroperitoneal Enteric Duplication Cyst with Adenocarcinoma Transformation Managed with Robotic Radical Nephrectomy Background: Enteric duplication cysts are congenital malformations that typically affect children in infancy, but can also affect adults. Rarely, these cysts can be complicated by malignancy. We present the first case of retroperitoneal duplication cyst that was complicated by malignancy transformation and managed by robot-assisted excision. Case presentation (...) : A 64-year-old female with a history of a left-sided renal cyst presented with a 4-month history of abdominal pain and fatigue. MRI revealed a bilobed cyst, with components measuring 6.9 × 6.6 and 6.1 × 6.9 cm, which had grown since previous imaging, and hemorrhage in some portions of the cysts, as well as cystic wall enhancement, suggesting a possible malignancy. The patient consented to a robot-assisted partial (possible radical) nephrectomy. During the procedure, the cystic structure appeared

2017 Journal of endourology case reports

100. Cystitis Cystica as a Large Solitary Bladder Cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cystitis Cystica as a Large Solitary Bladder Cyst Background: In this case we describe the rare and not previously documented presentation of cystitis cystica as a large solitary cystic lesion within the bladder wall. Case Presentation: We present a case of a 46-year-old Russian male with a history of lower urinary tract symptoms and suprapubic pain. CT urogram showed a 5.8 cm filling defect/cystic mass related to the base of the bladder and prostate with 8 mm thick wall. The patient underwent (...) cystoscopy and contrast study of bladder lesion with urethral dilatation and transurethral deroofing of bladder wall cyst under general anesthesia. A histologic diagnosis of cystitis cystica was made. Conclusion: This case described the rare presentation of a large solitary bladder cyst arising from the anterior bladder wall, identified histologically as cystitis cystica. Cystitis cystica presenting as a large cystic lesion of the bladder wall is rare; however, a diagnosis of cystitis cystica should

2017 Journal of endourology case reports

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