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81. Oral contraceptives for functional ovarian cysts. (PubMed)

Oral contraceptives for functional ovarian cysts. Functional ovarian cysts are a common gynecological problem among women of reproductive age worldwide. When large, persistent, or painful, these cysts may require operations, sometimes resulting in removal of the ovary. Since early oral contraceptives were associated with a reduced incidence of functional ovarian cysts, many clinicians inferred that birth control pills could be used to treat cysts as well. This became a common clinical practice (...) that included oral contraceptives used for treatment and not prevention of functional ovarian cysts. Criteria for diagnosis of cysts were those used by authors of trials.Two authors independently abstracted data from the articles. One entered the data into RevMan and a second verified accuracy of data entry. For dichotomous outcomes, we computed the Mantel-Haenszel odds ratio with 95% confidence interval (CI). For continuous outcomes, we calculated the mean difference with 95% CI.We identified eight

2014 Cochrane

82. Ablation of pancreatic cysts as a minimally invasive alternative to surgery: a systematic review

Ablation of pancreatic cysts as a minimally invasive alternative to surgery: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address

2019 PROSPERO

83. Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the odontogenic cysts and odontogenic tumors: a systematic review

Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of the odontogenic cysts and odontogenic tumors: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2019 PROSPERO

84. Single-Incision Laparoscopy Surgery Excision of an Infected Urachal Cyst: Description of the Technique (PubMed)

Single-Incision Laparoscopy Surgery Excision of an Infected Urachal Cyst: Description of the Technique Background: Urachal cysts (UCs) are secondary to incomplete obliteration of the embryonic urachal duct and may become symptomatic when infected. Treatment is primarily surgical to excise the infected cyst. Surgical approaches include a lower midline laparotomy or minimally invasive (MI) techniques. Case: We present a case of a young male with an infected UC that was treated with a single

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2017 Journal of endourology case reports

85. Completely Isolated Retroperitoneal Enteric Duplication Cyst with Adenocarcinoma Transformation Managed with Robotic Radical Nephrectomy (PubMed)

Completely Isolated Retroperitoneal Enteric Duplication Cyst with Adenocarcinoma Transformation Managed with Robotic Radical Nephrectomy Background: Enteric duplication cysts are congenital malformations that typically affect children in infancy, but can also affect adults. Rarely, these cysts can be complicated by malignancy. We present the first case of retroperitoneal duplication cyst that was complicated by malignancy transformation and managed by robot-assisted excision. Case presentation (...) : A 64-year-old female with a history of a left-sided renal cyst presented with a 4-month history of abdominal pain and fatigue. MRI revealed a bilobed cyst, with components measuring 6.9 × 6.6 and 6.1 × 6.9 cm, which had grown since previous imaging, and hemorrhage in some portions of the cysts, as well as cystic wall enhancement, suggesting a possible malignancy. The patient consented to a robot-assisted partial (possible radical) nephrectomy. During the procedure, the cystic structure appeared

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2017 Journal of endourology case reports

86. Cystitis Cystica as a Large Solitary Bladder Cyst (PubMed)

Cystitis Cystica as a Large Solitary Bladder Cyst Background: In this case we describe the rare and not previously documented presentation of cystitis cystica as a large solitary cystic lesion within the bladder wall. Case Presentation: We present a case of a 46-year-old Russian male with a history of lower urinary tract symptoms and suprapubic pain. CT urogram showed a 5.8 cm filling defect/cystic mass related to the base of the bladder and prostate with 8 mm thick wall. The patient underwent (...) cystoscopy and contrast study of bladder lesion with urethral dilatation and transurethral deroofing of bladder wall cyst under general anesthesia. A histologic diagnosis of cystitis cystica was made. Conclusion: This case described the rare presentation of a large solitary bladder cyst arising from the anterior bladder wall, identified histologically as cystitis cystica. Cystitis cystica presenting as a large cystic lesion of the bladder wall is rare; however, a diagnosis of cystitis cystica should

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2017 Journal of endourology case reports

87. Micronodular thymoma with lymphoid stroma: Two cases, one in a multilocular thymic cyst, and literature review (PubMed)

Micronodular thymoma with lymphoid stroma: Two cases, one in a multilocular thymic cyst, and literature review Micronodular thymoma with lymphoid stroma (MTWLS) is a rare type of thymoma that shows a similar pattern but varied morphology and immunophenotype of tumor cells. Because of the extremely limited number of cases reported, the pathology and biology of MTWLS are equivocal. Herein, we report two cases located in the anterior mediastinum: Case 1: a 58-year-old woman with a cystic mass

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2017 Thoracic cancer

88. Giant Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Cause of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (PubMed)

Giant Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Cause of Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Introduction  Epidermoid tumors represent approximately 0.3 to 1.8% of all intracranial brain tumors. Only 1.5% of all intracranial epidermoid cysts (ECs) invade the brain and secondary epilepsy is extremely rare. Since August 2014, a 59-year-old male smoker had been presenting bad smell feelings, totaling four episodes with sudden onset and duration of 2 minutes. On September 2014, after a sense of smell episode, it evolved

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2017 Journal of neurological surgery reports

89. A systematic review and meta-analysis of laparoscopic versus open excision in children with choledochal cysts

A systematic review and meta-analysis of laparoscopic versus open excision in children with choledochal cysts Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files

2019 PROSPERO

90. Predictors of outcome patterns in infants diagnosed with fetal ovarian cysts: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Predictors of outcome patterns in infants diagnosed with fetal ovarian cysts: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated

2019 PROSPERO

91. Loss of Fnip1 alters kidney developmental transcriptional program and synergizes with TSC1 loss to promote mTORC1 activation and renal cyst formation. (PubMed)

Loss of Fnip1 alters kidney developmental transcriptional program and synergizes with TSC1 loss to promote mTORC1 activation and renal cyst formation. Birt-Hogg-Dube' Syndrome (BHDS) is a rare genetic disorder in humans characterized by skin hamartomas, lung cysts, pneumothorax, and increased risk of renal tumors. BHDS is caused by mutations in the BHD gene, which encodes for Folliculin, a cytoplasmic adapter protein that binds to Folliculin interacting proteins-1 and -2 (Fnip1, Fnip2) as well (...) as the master energy sensor AMP kinase (AMPK). Whereas kidney-specific deletion of the Bhd gene in mice is known to result in polycystic kidney disease (PKD) and renal cell carcinoma, the roles of Fnip1 in renal cell development and function are unclear. In this study, we utilized mice with constitutive deletion of the Fnip1 gene to show that the loss of Fnip1 is sufficient to result in renal cyst formation, which was characterized by decreased AMPK activation, increased mTOR activation, and metabolic

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2018 PLoS ONE

92. Management of Urinoma Formation After Laparoscopic Cryoablation of Renal Cyst (PubMed)

Management of Urinoma Formation After Laparoscopic Cryoablation of Renal Cyst Aim: To describe the presentation and management of a urinoma developing as a complication of laparoscopic cryoablation of a Bosniak III renal cyst. Case: A 74-year-old woman presented with acute onset of severe left lower abdominal pain 1 day after a laparoscopic cryoablation of a 3 cm multilobular left cystic renal mass. CT revealed a perinephric fluid collection adjacent to the lower pole of the left kidney

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2017 Journal of endourology case reports

93. Laparoscopy or open surgery for the treatment of hydatid cyst?

Laparoscopy or open surgery for the treatment of hydatid cyst? The laparoscopic approach has taken a prominent role in the last decades for various surgical conditions, including liver hydatid cyst. However there is controversy about whether it can replace open surgery. Using Epistemonikos database, which is maintained by screening 30 databases, we identified three systematic reviews which together include four relevant studies, all nonrandomized. We combined the evidence using meta-analysis (...) and generated a summary of findings table following the GRADE approach. We concluded it is unclear whether laparoscopy for hepatic hydatid cyst reduces mortality, morbidity or recurrence compared with open surgery because the certainty of the evidence is very low.

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2017 Medwave

94. Cyst or odontogenic tumor? An extensive systematic review of the biological behavior, local aggressiveness and genetic profile of the non-syndromic odontogenic keratocyst (OKC)

Cyst or odontogenic tumor? An extensive systematic review of the biological behavior, local aggressiveness and genetic profile of the non-syndromic odontogenic keratocyst (OKC) Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. The registrant confirms that the information supplied for this submission is accurate and complete. CRD bears no responsibility or liability

2019 PROSPERO

95. Gene-based molecular analysis of COX1 in Echinococcus granulosus cysts isolated from naturally infected livestock in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (PubMed)

Gene-based molecular analysis of COX1 in Echinococcus granulosus cysts isolated from naturally infected livestock in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The diversity and importance of Echinococcus species in domesticated animals in Saudi Arabia are poorly understood. In this study, 108 singular (hydatid) cysts were collected from goats (n = 25), sheep (n = 56) and camels (n = 27). DNA was extracted from the protoscoleces of individual fertile cysts and used for polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification (...) of mitochondrial subunit 1 of the cytochrome c oxidase 1 (cox1) gene. Amplicon sequencing results revealed the presence of Echinococcus granulosus sensustricto (s.s.) (genotypes G1-G3) in 16 of the17 sheep cysts and 2 of the 27 camel cysts.of these samples, 18 (2 camel and 16 sheep) were divided into genotypes G1, G2, and G3.

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2018 PLoS ONE

96. Correction: Management of the soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines with combinations of different rhizobacterial strains on soybean. (PubMed)

Correction: Management of the soybean cyst nematode Heterodera glycines with combinations of different rhizobacterial strains on soybean. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0182654.].

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2018 PLoS ONE

97. Pancreatic Cysts

Pancreatic Cysts American Gastroenterological Association If you're seeing this message, that means JavaScript has been disabled on your browser , please enable JS to make this app work.

2015 American Gastroenterological Association Institute

98. Follow-up Imaging for Simple Adnexal Cysts: Clinical Evidence, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines

Follow-up Imaging for Simple Adnexal Cysts: Clinical Evidence, Cost-Effectiveness and Guidelines TITLE: Follow-up Imaging for Simple Adnexal Cysts: Clinical Evidence, Cost- Effectiveness and Guidelines DATE: 5 November 2013 RESEARCH QUESTIONS 1. What is the clinical evidence regarding follow-up imaging for small simple adnexal cysts? 2. What is the cost effectiveness of follow-up imaging for small simple adnexal cysts? 3. What are the evidence-based guidelines for follow-up imaging (...) and management of small simple adnexal cysts? KEY MESSAGE Two non-randomized studies and three evidence-based guidelines were identified pertaining to follow-up imaging for small, simple, adnexal cysts. No relevant economic information was identified. METHODS A limited literature search was conducted on key resources including PubMed, The Cochrane Library (2013, Issue 10), University of York Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (CRD) databases, Canadian and major international health technology agencies

2013 Canadian Agency for Drugs and Technologies in Health - Rapid Review

99. The scolicidal activity of the essential oil obtained from the needles of Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe on hydatid cyst. (PubMed)

The scolicidal activity of the essential oil obtained from the needles of Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe on hydatid cyst. This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro activity of the essential oil of Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana against protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. In traditional Turkish folk medicine, the essential oils and resin of P. nigra and P. sylvestris are used externally for wound healing. They are also used in cattle for treating worms (...) and as boiling essence against cold and stomachache. Protoscoleces were aseptically aspirated from sheep livers having hydatid cysts.Three concentrations (10, 30, and 50 mg/mL) of the essential oil from P. nigra subsp. pallasiana cones were used for 10-60 min. The essential oil was applied to protoscoleces of hydatid cyst to determine the scolicidal activity of the essential oil. Viability of protoscoleces was observed by 0.1% eosin staining.The rate of dead protoscoleces was found to be 2.27% in the control

2019 Journal of Ethnopharmacology

100. Intracranial endodermal cyst presenting with nonobstructive hydrocephalus: A case report. (PubMed)

Intracranial endodermal cyst presenting with nonobstructive hydrocephalus: A case report. Endodermal cysts are rare benign lesions in the central nervous system. Their common symptoms include headache and neck pain caused by mass effect or inflammatory reaction. We report the case of an elderly woman with intracranial endodermal cyst who presented with nonobstructive hydrocephalus.A 78-year-old woman presented with acute deterioration of consciousness caused by acute hydrocephalus. She (...) subsequently underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement. Eighteen months after this operation, she developed numbness of extremities and gait and progressive cognitive disturbances.Initially, the endodermal cyst could not be recognized, but it became clinically evident in the craniocervical junction after ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement. MRI revealed multiple cystic lesions in the pontomedullary cistern. Postoperative pathology confirmed the diagnosis of endodermal cyst.Subtotal resection

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2019 Medicine

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