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61. Correction to: Solidification of hydatid cyst fluid with an injectable chitosan/carboxymethylcellulose/β-glycerophosphate hydrogel for effective control of spillage during aspiration of hydatid cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction to: Solidification of hydatid cyst fluid with an injectable chitosan/carboxymethylcellulose/β-glycerophosphate hydrogel for effective control of spillage during aspiration of hydatid cysts The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake: the spelling of the Shadi Hassanajili's name was incorrect. The corrected name is given above.

2018 Progress in biomaterials

62. New insights of the local immune response against both fertile and infertile hydatid cysts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

New insights of the local immune response against both fertile and infertile hydatid cysts. Cystic echinococcosis is caused by the metacestode of the zoonotic flatworm Echinococcus granulosus. Within the viscera of the intermediate host, the metacestode grows as a unilocular cyst known as hydatid cyst. This cyst is comprised of two layers of parasite origin: germinal and laminated layers, and one of host origin: the adventitial layer, that encapsulates the parasite. This adventitial layer (...) is composed of collagen fibers, epithelioid cells, eosinophils and lymphocytes. To establish itself inside the host, the germinal layer produces the laminated layer, and to continue its life cycle, generates protoscoleces. Some cysts are unable to produce protoscoleces, and are defined as infertile cysts. The molecular mechanisms involved in cyst fertility are not clear, however, the host immune response could play a crucial role.We collected hydatid cysts from both liver and lungs of slaughtered cattle

2019 PLoS ONE

63. Genome wide association study discovers genomic regions involved in resistance to soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) in common bean. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Genome wide association study discovers genomic regions involved in resistance to soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) in common bean. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important high protein crop grown worldwide. North Dakota and Minnesota are the largest producers of common beans in the USA, but crop production is threatened by soybean cyst nematode (SCN; Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) because most current cultivars are susceptible. Greenhouse screening data using SCN HG type 0

2019 PLoS ONE

64. Correction: Occurrence of tissue cyst forming coccidia in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) rescued on the coast of Brazil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Occurrence of tissue cyst forming coccidia in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) rescued on the coast of Brazil. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209007.].

2019 PLoS ONE

65. Clinical and Economic Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Guideline-Directed Management of Pancreatic Cysts. (Abstract)

Clinical and Economic Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Guideline-Directed Management of Pancreatic Cysts. Numerous guidelines exist for the management of pancreatic cysts. We sought to compare the guideline-directed management strategies for pancreatic cysts by comparing 2 approaches (2017 International Consensus Guidelines and 2015 American Gastroenterological Association Guidelines) that differ significantly in their thresholds for imaging, surveillance, and surgery.We developed a Monte Carlo (...) model to evaluate the outcomes for a cohort of 10,000 patients managed per each guideline. The primary outcome was mortality related to pancreatic cyst management. Secondary outcomes included all-cause mortality, missed cancers, number of surgeries, number of imaging studies, cumulative cost, and quality-adjusted life years.Deaths because of pancreatic cyst management and quality-adjusted life years were similar in both guidelines at a significantly higher cost of $3.6 million per additional cancer

2020 American Journal of Gastroenterology

66. Split cord malformation associated with congenital dermoid cyst and myeloschisis - case-based literature review on possible embryonic derivation and implications. (Abstract)

Split cord malformation associated with congenital dermoid cyst and myeloschisis - case-based literature review on possible embryonic derivation and implications. Split cord malformation co-existing with either congenital dermoid or myeloschisis has been previously reported. Theories exist which explain the underlying embryopathy behind the occurrence of each of these anomalies in conjunction with split cord malformation. However, the occurrence of all three anomalies in the same patient (...) , to the best of our knowledge, has not yet been reported in the literature. We report two cases on the co-existence of congenital dermoid cyst with both myeloschisis and split cord malformation and review the literature on previous postulations of mechanisms that could possibly explain the simultaneous occurrence of all three distinct anomalies. They involve all three primary germ layers and therefore share a common embryonic origin from the epiblast. We try to explain their co-existence based

2020 British Journal of Neurosurgery

67. Application of intra-operative magnetic resonance imaging for intracranial epidermoid cysts. (Abstract)

Application of intra-operative magnetic resonance imaging for intracranial epidermoid cysts. The effectiveness and safety of intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) are evident from many reports over the past decade. However, these reports have mainly concerned surgeries for glioma and other intra-axial tumours, and applications of this approach for extra-axial tumours are poorly documented. We retrospectively examined three cases in which iMRI was used to assist in the removal (...) of epidermoid cysts. T2-weighted images and diffusion-weighted images were acquired during the surgeries. The value to surgeons of images generated by iMRI, the length of interruption of surgery, and the safety of the patients were assessed. In this study, the images obtained through iMRI provided were clear representations of remnant tumours, even with a low-field system (0.4 Tesla). These images generated enough information to help surgeons decide whether to use an assistance device, such as an endoscope

2020 British Journal of Neurosurgery

68. Intradural symptomatic arachnoid cyst formation following non-instrumented lumbar decompression. (Abstract)

Intradural symptomatic arachnoid cyst formation following non-instrumented lumbar decompression. Intradural arachnoid cyst is a rare complication of lumbar puncture, post-trauma or post-intraoperative durotomies. We aim to estimate the incidence of early intradural arachnoid cyst radiologically in non-instrumented posterior lumbar decompression among symptomatic patients, and establish clinical correlation.Patients who underwent lumbar decompression without instrumentation at a tertiary spinal (...) service between December 2014 and January 2018 were identified. When MRI scans were performed post-operatively within 14 days, imaging, medical and operative records were reviewed by two consultant neuroradiologists.488 operations were included. 46 operations were followed by an early MRI scan. 59% were requested to investigate new or ongoing pain. Ten demonstrated an intradural arachnoid cyst - seven had no documented durotomy. Eight were primary operations, three were emergency operations

2020 British Journal of Neurosurgery

69. Spinal cord atrophy following the resection of multiple intraspinal arachnoid cysts: case report and literature review. (Abstract)

Spinal cord atrophy following the resection of multiple intraspinal arachnoid cysts: case report and literature review. We report the first case of spinal cord atrophy developing 16 months after resection of multiple intraspinal arachnoid cysts. The patient presented with back pain and the cysts were successfully resected. Sixteen months later, her back pain recurred. Magnetic resonance imaging showed severe atrophy of the spinal cord.

2020 British Journal of Neurosurgery

70. Spinal endodermal cyst undergoing malignant transformation and marked elevation of serum carbohydrate 19-9 level. (Abstract)

Spinal endodermal cyst undergoing malignant transformation and marked elevation of serum carbohydrate 19-9 level. Endodermal cyst (EC) is a benign tumor that can arise along the craniospinal axis. Infrequently, ECs undergo malignant transformation. A 43-year-old man presented with numbness in the right arm, leg and occipitalgia. MRI revealed a multicystic, intradural extramedullary tumor at C2 with enhancement along the ventral surface of the spinal cord. Blood test showed an abnormal increase

2020 British Journal of Neurosurgery

71. Acute diffuse cerebral vasospasm as a complication of endoscopic resection of a colloid cyst: a case report. (Abstract)

Acute diffuse cerebral vasospasm as a complication of endoscopic resection of a colloid cyst: a case report. Endoscopic resection can be used for removing colloid cysts as a substitute for open craniotomy. Cerebral vasospasm, a possible complication of the craniotomy procedure, has not been reported as a complication of endoscopic removal of colloid cysts.A 58-year-old man developed the worst headache of his life. The CT and MRI showed a 1.3 cm midline third ventricular cyst at the level (...) of the foramen of Monro, consistent with a colloid cyst. The patient elected to undergo an endoscopic resection of the colloid cyst. The image-guided frameless stereotactic endoscopic colloid cyst resection proceeded without events. Postoperative MRI showed a gross total resection. The patient continued to improve until post-operative day #9 when he experienced an episode of slurred speech and several episodes of legs buckling. An MRI did not show a stroke. A CT angiogram showed diffuse vasospasm, including

2020 British Journal of Neurosurgery

72. Unilateral akathisia and choreoathetosis as an unusual presentation of a frontal lobe dermoid cyst. (Abstract)

Unilateral akathisia and choreoathetosis as an unusual presentation of a frontal lobe dermoid cyst. Objective: To consider an unusual presentation of a frontal lobe dermoid cyst. Intracranial masses very rarely present with movement disorders. We describe a highly unusual presentation of an intracranial dermoid with unilateral choreoathetosis, akathisia and facial tics. Material: A 63-year-old man presented with left-sided akathisia and tardive dyskinesia of his upper limb, attributed (...) to a dermoid cyst in the right frontal lobe. Resection of the cyst led to a complete resolution of his symptoms without neurological deficit. Conclusion: Pathogenic mechanisms of such symptoms may include compression and ischaemia of the basal ganglia and other nigrostriatal structures, as well as dysfunction of the supplementary motor area and mesolimbic dopaminergic pathways.

2020 British Journal of Neurosurgery

73. A Case of Annular Iris Cyst Diagnosed With the Help of Ultrasound Biomicroscopy. (Abstract)

A Case of Annular Iris Cyst Diagnosed With the Help of Ultrasound Biomicroscopy. To report a case of annular iris cyst presenting as a secondary angle closure managed with Nd:YAG laser iridotomy.Case report.Institutional review board exemption for this case report was obtained from the institutional ethics committee, Aravind eye hospital, Tirunelveli. All research adhered to the tenets of the Declaration of Helsinki. Informed consent was obtained.A 45-year-old woman presented with a 2-week (...) history of sudden onset of pain and redness in the right eye. Slit-lamp biomicroscopy showed corneal edema, with the shallow anterior chamber, convex bowing of iris, irregular shape of the pupil, and glaucomflecken on the clear lens. Ultrasound biomicroscopy revealed an annular iris cyst of the iris pigment epithelium. Nd:YAG laser iridotomy was done to drain the cyst and relieve the angle closure.Laser treatment resulted in the collapse of the cyst, confirmed by ultrasound biomicroscopy

2020 Journal of Glaucoma

74. Iris Stromal Cyst in a 6-Month-Old With Rapid Progression to Angle Closure. (Abstract)

Iris Stromal Cyst in a 6-Month-Old With Rapid Progression to Angle Closure. A 6-month-old female presented with an iris cyst in the left eye, first identified at age 4 months. The patient was seen by an ophthalmologist at age 6 months and referred for further management. Our examination 2 weeks later demonstrated a 6 mm diameter iris cyst originating from the anterior surface of the inferior iris, occupying the inferior two thirds of the anterior chamber and obscuring the pupil. Intraocular (...) pressure was normal and the remainder of the anterior chamber was formed. Because of concern for the development of amblyopia, the patient was scheduled for an examination under anesthesia and iris cyst removal 2 days later. In the intervening 2 days, the patient's mother noted worsening photophobia and tearing. At the time of surgery, the intraocular pressure was 51 mm Hg in the left eye. Anterior examination demonstrated interval development of shallowing of the anterior chamber with irido-corneal

2020 Journal of Glaucoma

75. Orally Bioavailable Endochin-Like Quinolone Carbonate Ester Prodrug Reduces Toxoplasma gondii Brain Cysts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Orally Bioavailable Endochin-Like Quinolone Carbonate Ester Prodrug Reduces Toxoplasma gondii Brain Cysts. Toxoplasmosis is a potentially fatal infection for immunocompromised people and the developing fetus. Current medicines for toxoplasmosis have high rates of adverse effects that interfere with therapeutic and prophylactic regimens. Endochin-like quinolones (ELQs) are potent inhibitors of Toxoplasma gondii proliferation in vitro and in animal models of acute and latent infection. ELQ-316

2020 Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy

76. Clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound-guided through-the-needle microbiopsy in patients with pancreatic cysts. (Abstract)

Clinical impact of endoscopic ultrasound-guided through-the-needle microbiopsy in patients with pancreatic cysts. The limited data on the utility of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided through-the-needle biopsies (TTNBs) in patients with pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) originate mainly from retrospective studies. Our aim was to determine the clinical impact of TTNBs, their added diagnostic value, and the adverse event rate in a prospective setting.This was a prospective, single-center, open (...) -label controlled study. Between February 2018 and August 2019, consecutive patients presenting with a PCL of 15 mm or more and referred for EUS were included. Primary outcome was a change in clinical management of PCLs following TTNB compared with cross-sectional imaging and cytology. Adverse events were defined according to the ASGE lexicon.101 patients were included. TTNBs led to a change in clinical management in 11.9 % of cases (n = 12). Of these, 10 had serous cysts and surveillance

2020 Endoscopy

77. Partial-thickness scleral defect in a congenital scleral epithelial cyst. (Abstract)

Partial-thickness scleral defect in a congenital scleral epithelial cyst. Congenital corneoscleral epithelial cysts can be associated with scleral thinning secondary to pressure from the expanding cyst. We report a congenital scleral epithelial cyst associated with a likely primary partial-thickness scleral defect. The defect appeared as a full-thickness communication between the cyst and posterior chamber on ultrasound biomicroscopy, most likely because the scleral remnant was too thin (...) to be appreciated on imaging. The cyst was treated surgically by aspiration, excision of the anterior wall, and fibrin glue closure of the cyst cavity, with no recurrence after 14 months of follow-up.Copyright © 2020 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2020 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

78. Ovarian cyst formation in women of reproductive age receiving mitotane as part of the treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma: Clinical and experimental observations. (Abstract)

Ovarian cyst formation in women of reproductive age receiving mitotane as part of the treatment of adrenocortical carcinoma: Clinical and experimental observations. Mitotane is an adrenolytic drug that is used as an adjuvant to treat adrenocortical carcinoma. This study aimed to evaluate the clinical course and pathogenetic mechanisms underlying ovarian cyst formation in women of reproductive age diagnosed with adrenocortical carcinoma and being treated with mitotane as an adjuvant (...) to surgery.Five women presented with stage III-IV adrenocortical carcinoma and ovarian cyst formation during mitotane treatment. The clinical course of the disease was followed during and after treatment. The effects of mitotane on progesterone production and cell proliferation were studied in cultured human ovarian granulosa cells.Computed tomography and vaginal ultrasonography during mitotane treatment repeatedly demonstrated ovarian cysts of varying size without solid intralocular structures. Two women

2020 Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica

79. Efficacy and safety of selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) to prevent recurrent hepatic cyst infections in polycystic liver disease: a retrospective case series. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Efficacy and safety of selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD) to prevent recurrent hepatic cyst infections in polycystic liver disease: a retrospective case series. Hepatic cyst infection is a complication of polycystic liver disease (PLD) that causes substantial morbidity. Repetitive infection is frequent and is increasingly difficult to treat. As translocated gut bacteria are considered the cause, we hypothesize that selective decontamination of the digestive tract (SDD (...) ) reduces recurrence of hepatic cyst infection.We performed a retrospective, observational study in two referral centres. All patients with PLD treated with SDD for hepatic cyst infection were included. Efficacy was determined by calculating the infection incidence (hepatic cyst infections per month) before and during SDD therapy. Adverse events were scored according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE).We identified eight patients who received SDD (88% female, 88% polycystic

2020 Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy

80. A modified longitudinal incision via transoral sublabial approach for removal of the nasal vestibular cyst: a clinical observation. (Abstract)

A modified longitudinal incision via transoral sublabial approach for removal of the nasal vestibular cyst: a clinical observation. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical effect of the removal of nasal vestibular cysts through a modified longitudinal incision via a transoral sublabial approach.In 28 cases, a nasal vestibular cyst was removed through a modified longitudinal incision via a transoral sublabial approach. A visual analogue scale score was used to evaluate the numbness (...) vestibular cysts via a transoral sublabial approach with a modified longitudinal incision is a minimally invasive and simple surgical method with few complications and a quick recovery.

2020 Journal of Laryngology & Otology

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