How to Trip Rapid Review

Step 1: Select articles relevant to your search (remember the system is only optimised for single intervention studies)

Step 2: press

Step 3: review the result, and maybe amend the or if you know better! If we're unsure of the overall sentiment of the trial we will display the conclusion under the article title. We then require you to tell us what the correct sentiment is.

22,190 results for

Cyst

by
...
Latest & greatest
Alerts

Export results

Use check boxes to select individual results below

SmartSearch available

Trip's SmartSearch engine has discovered connected searches & results. Click to show

41. Interactions between Macrophages and Cyst-Lining Epithelial Cells Promote Kidney Cyst Growth in <i>Pkd1</i>-Deficient Mice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interactions between Macrophages and Cyst-Lining Epithelial Cells Promote Kidney Cyst Growth in Pkd1-Deficient Mice. Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the leading inherited renal disease worldwide. The proproliferative function of macrophages is associated with late-stage cyst enlargement in mice with PKD; however, the way in which macrophages act on cyst-lining epithelial cells (CLECs) has not been well elucidated.We generated a rapid-onset PKD mouse model (...) by inactivating Pkd1 on postnatal day 10 (P10) and compared cell proliferation and differential gene expression in kidney tissues of the PKD mice and wild-type (WT) littermates.The cystic phenotype was dominant from P18. A distinct peak in cell proliferation in polycystic kidneys during P22-P30 was closely related to late-stage cyst growth. Comparisons of gene expression profiles in kidney tissues at P22 and P30 in PKD and WT mice revealed that arginine metabolism was significantly activated; 204

2018 Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

42. Comparative Expression of CD34, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, and Podoplanin and the Presence of Mast Cells in Periapical Granulomas, Cysts, and Residual Cysts. (Abstract)

Comparative Expression of CD34, Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1, and Podoplanin and the Presence of Mast Cells in Periapical Granulomas, Cysts, and Residual Cysts. The aim of the present study was to compare the immunoexpression of CD34, intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and podoplanin and the presence of mast cells with clinical, demographic, radiologic, and histologic features from periapical granulomas, periapical cysts, and residual cysts.Thirty-one lesions (5 granulomas, 15 (...) periapical cysts, and 11 residual cysts) were selected. Histologic sections in silanized slides were used for the immunohistochemical reactions. The analysis of the images was performed by using an optical microscope, and data were analyzed with 5% significance (P < .05).Cysts presented atrophic and hyperplastic epithelium in 11 cases (35.5%) and 15 cases (48.8%), respectively (P > .05). The intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate was similar when comparing the 3 groups (P > .05). CD34 and podoplanin

2018 Journal of Endodontics

43. Methylene blue injection via percutaneous renal cyst puncture used in flexible ureteroscope for treatment of parapelvic cysts: A modified method for easily locating cystic wall. (Abstract)

Methylene blue injection via percutaneous renal cyst puncture used in flexible ureteroscope for treatment of parapelvic cysts: A modified method for easily locating cystic wall. To describe a modified technique for easily locating cystic wall during flexible ureteroscopic surgery for treatment of parapelvic renal cysts.Nineteen patients with symptomatic/asymptomatic parapelvic renal cyst were treated with modified or conventional flexible ureteroscopic surgery between February 2015 and March (...) 2017, and the differences of the 2 techniques were compared. The detailed surgical procedures and results, postoperative complications, and patients' follow-ups were evaluated.All the patients received endoscopic management by flexible ureteroscope successfully, without requiring another complicated surgery. The cysts were seen clearly in 9 patients with modified method. Two of ten patients who underwent conventional ureteroscopic surgery changed to the modified surgery intra-operatively since

2018 Urology

44. Cyst infection in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: penetration of meropenem into infected cysts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cyst infection in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease: penetration of meropenem into infected cysts. Cyst infection is a common and serious complication of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) that is often refractory. Carbapenems are frequently needed to treat to patients with refractory cyst infection, but little is known about the penetration of newer water-soluble carbapenems into cysts. This study investigated the penetration of meropenem (MEPM) into infected cysts (...) in patients with ADPKD.Between August 2013 and January 2014, 10 ADPKD patients (14 infected cysts) receiving MEPM at Toranomon Hospital underwent drainage of infected cysts and definite cyst infection was confirmed through detection of neutrophils by cyst fluid analysis. The serum concentration of MEPM was measured just after intravenous administration and was compared with that in fluid aspirated from infected cysts.In the patients undergoing cyst drainage, the mean serum MEPM concentration was 35.2

2018 BMC Nephrology

45. Immunohistochemical Analysis of Galectins-1, -3, and -7 in Periapical Granulomas, Radicular Cysts, and Residual Radicular Cysts. (Abstract)

Immunohistochemical Analysis of Galectins-1, -3, and -7 in Periapical Granulomas, Radicular Cysts, and Residual Radicular Cysts. Galectins play important roles in immunoinflammatory responses, but their participation in the development of periapical lesions remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate the expressions of galectins-1, -3, and -7 in periapical lesions, correlating them with the intensity of the inflammatory infiltrate and the pattern of the cystic epithelium.Twenty periapical (...) granulomas (PGs), 20 radicular cysts (RCs), and 20 residual radicular cysts (RRCs) were submitted to immunohistochemistry using anti-galectin-1, -3, and -7 antibodies. The percentage of immunopositive cells in epithelial and connective tissues was determined.In connective tissue, PGs exhibited higher cytoplasmic/membrane expression of galectins-1 and -7 than RCs and RRCs (P < .05). There was higher nuclear expression of galectin-1 in PGs compared with RCs and RRCs (P < .05). The expression of galectins-1

2018 Journal of Endodontics

46. Confocal endomicroscopy and cyst fluid molecular analysis: Comprehensive evaluation of pancreatic cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Confocal endomicroscopy and cyst fluid molecular analysis: Comprehensive evaluation of pancreatic cysts Increases in the quality as well as utilization of cross-sectional imaging have led to rising diagnoses of pancreatic cystic lesions (PCL). Accurate presurgical diagnosis enables appropriate triage of PCLs. Unfortunately, current diagnostic approaches have suboptimal accuracy and may lead to unnecessary surgical resections or missed diagnoses of advanced neoplasia. Additionally, early (...) markers have also emerged as another diagnostic modality as the pattern of genetic alternations present in cyst fluid can provide both diagnostic and prognostic data. We propose that both techniques can be utilized to improve patient outcomes.

2018 World journal of gastrointestinal endoscopy

47. Coexisting sublingual dermoid cyst and heterotopic gastrointestinal cyst: Case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Coexisting sublingual dermoid cyst and heterotopic gastrointestinal cyst: Case report A heterotopic oral gastrointestinal cyst coexisting with a lingual dermoid cyst is a rare condition, with only 3 reported cases in the English-language literature. Clinically, both gastrointestinal and dermoid cysts tend to manifest as an asymptomatic swelling. Cysts above the mylohyoid often present with sublingual swelling, whereas those below the mylohyoid present with submental swelling. Increased (...) salivation, altered speech, dyspnea and difficulties in eating, swallowing and respiration may be present, depending on the size of the cyst. This paper describes the case of a 4-year-old girl presenting with swelling of the tongue and floor of the mouth that interfered with normal speech. Two cystic lesions were surgically excised using an intraoral approach, and recovery was uneventful. Histopathological examination of the specimens taken during surgery revealed the first, anterior cyst to be a dermoid

2018 Journal of clinical and experimental dentistry

48. Thyroid cyst mirror artifact mimicking a tracheal cyst on ultrasound in a patient with excessive trachea collapsibility Full Text available with Trip Pro

Thyroid cyst mirror artifact mimicking a tracheal cyst on ultrasound in a patient with excessive trachea collapsibility Mirror image artifact in ultrasound is not an unusual phenomenon. However, it is rarely seen in thyroid ultrasound because of the natural convexity of the tracheal surface. We report a mirror artifact during thyroid ultrasound in a patient with an excessively collapsible trachea. Minor pressure with the transducer made the trachea surface flat or concave, and then a cyst (...) in the thyroid was mirrored across the trachea, which mimicked an intratracheal cyst. This case illustrates how an unusual collapsible trachea can generate an image that simulates an intratracheal lesion during thyroid ultrasound.

2018 Radiology Case Reports

49. Mycobiome of Cysts of the Soybean Cyst Nematode Under Long Term Crop Rotation Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mycobiome of Cysts of the Soybean Cyst Nematode Under Long Term Crop Rotation The soybean cyst nematode (SCN), Heterodera glycines Ichinohe (Phylum Nematoda), is a major pathogen of soybean. It causes substantial yield losses worldwide and is difficult to control because the cyst protects the eggs which can remain viable for nearly a decade. Crop rotation with non-host crops and use of biocontrol organisms such as fungi and bacteria offer promising approaches, but remain hampered by lack (...) of knowledge of the biology of nematode parasitic organisms. We used a high-throughput metabarcoding approach to characterize fungal communities associated with the SCN cyst, a microenvironment in soil that may harbor both nematode parasites and plant pathogens. SCN cysts were collected from a long-term crop rotation experiment in Southeastern Minnesota at three time points over two growing seasons to characterize diversity of fungi inhabiting cysts and to examine how crop rotation and seasonal variation

2018 Frontiers in microbiology

50. Correction to: Solidification of hydatid cyst fluid with an injectable chitosan/carboxymethylcellulose/β-glycerophosphate hydrogel for effective control of spillage during aspiration of hydatid cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction to: Solidification of hydatid cyst fluid with an injectable chitosan/carboxymethylcellulose/β-glycerophosphate hydrogel for effective control of spillage during aspiration of hydatid cysts The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake: the spelling of the Shadi Hassanajili's name was incorrect. The corrected name is given above.

2018 Progress in biomaterials

51. Meibomian cyst (chalazion)

Meibomian cyst (chalazion) Meibomian cyst (chalazion) - NICE CKS Share Meibomian cyst (chalazion): Summary A meibomian cyst (also known as a chalazion) is a sterile, chronic, inflammatory granuloma of the eyelid caused by a foreign body reaction to sebum within a meibomian gland. Meibomian cysts can occur in all age groups (but are thought to be most common in adults) and are a frequent cause of lumps in the eyelid. Pregnant women and people with the following conditions are more at risk (...) of meibomium cysts (and their recurrence): Blepharitis. Seborrhoeic dermatitis. Rosacea. Diabetes mellitus. Elevated serum cholesterol. A meibomian cyst rarely causes serious complications. A meibomian cyst typically presents as a firm, painless, localized eyelid swelling that develops slowly over several weeks. Cysts are more common on the upper than the lower eyelid. They are usually 2–8 mm in diameter. One or both eyes can be affected. More than one meibomian cyst may be present. When the eyelid

2019 NICE Clinical Knowledge Summaries

52. New insights of the local immune response against both fertile and infertile hydatid cysts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

New insights of the local immune response against both fertile and infertile hydatid cysts. Cystic echinococcosis is caused by the metacestode of the zoonotic flatworm Echinococcus granulosus. Within the viscera of the intermediate host, the metacestode grows as a unilocular cyst known as hydatid cyst. This cyst is comprised of two layers of parasite origin: germinal and laminated layers, and one of host origin: the adventitial layer, that encapsulates the parasite. This adventitial layer (...) is composed of collagen fibers, epithelioid cells, eosinophils and lymphocytes. To establish itself inside the host, the germinal layer produces the laminated layer, and to continue its life cycle, generates protoscoleces. Some cysts are unable to produce protoscoleces, and are defined as infertile cysts. The molecular mechanisms involved in cyst fertility are not clear, however, the host immune response could play a crucial role.We collected hydatid cysts from both liver and lungs of slaughtered cattle

2019 PLoS ONE

53. Genome wide association study discovers genomic regions involved in resistance to soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) in common bean. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Genome wide association study discovers genomic regions involved in resistance to soybean cyst nematode (Heterodera glycines) in common bean. Common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is an important high protein crop grown worldwide. North Dakota and Minnesota are the largest producers of common beans in the USA, but crop production is threatened by soybean cyst nematode (SCN; Heterodera glycines Ichinohe) because most current cultivars are susceptible. Greenhouse screening data using SCN HG type 0

2019 PLoS ONE

54. Correction: Occurrence of tissue cyst forming coccidia in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) rescued on the coast of Brazil. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Correction: Occurrence of tissue cyst forming coccidia in Magellanic penguins (Spheniscus magellanicus) rescued on the coast of Brazil. [This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209007.].

2019 PLoS ONE

55. Gingival cyst of the adult, lateral periodontal cyst, and botryoid odontogenic cyst: an updated systematic review. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Gingival cyst of the adult, lateral periodontal cyst, and botryoid odontogenic cyst: an updated systematic review. The aim of the present review was to integrate the available data published on gingival cyst of the adult (GCA), lateral periodontal cyst (LPC), and botryoid odontogenic cyst (BOC) into a comprehensive analysis of their clinical/radiological features. An electronic search was undertaken in July/2017. Eligibility criteria included publications having enough clinical/radiological

2017 Oral diseases

56. The study of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion‐weighted magnetic resonance imaging in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts from liver simple cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

The study of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion‐weighted magnetic resonance imaging in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts from liver simple cysts The aim of this study was to investigate the value of biochemical profile of cyst fluid and diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in differentiating hepatic hydatid cysts (HCs) from liver simple cysts.Forty-six patients underwent MR imaging. Twenty-nine patients had 29 hydatid cysts and 17 patients had liver simple cysts. Thirteen (...) patients with hydatid cysts and seven patients with liver simple cysts were evaluated with cyst fluid biochemical analysis. The concentration of glucose, protein, calcium ion (Ca2+ ) electrolyte, macroscopic appearance, and parasitological sediment were evaluated in this study.In the respect of biochemical analysis cyst fluid, the concentration of glucose and calcium ion of HCs was significantly higher than that of the liver simple cysts. In the respect of DWI, in the b 1000 s/mm2 value in respect

2017 Journal of clinical laboratory analysis

57. Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis

Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis Leggett LE, Sevick LK, Lorenzetti D, Spackman E, Clement F Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Leggett LE, Sevick LK, Lorenzetti D, Spackman E, Clement F . Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis (...) . Calgary: HTA Unit, University of Calgary 2016 Authors' conclusions The evidence published on treatment of pineal gland cysts is weak; however, the literature is in agreement that surgery for symptomatic pineal gland cysts is effective at relieving symptoms. There is no comparative evidence concerning which surgical approach may lead to better outcomes. Surgery does not cause significant long-term side-effects There is no evidence on patient quality of life, attitudes towards treatment of experiences

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

58. Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary

Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary Pineal gland cysts: an evidence synthesis summary Health Technology Assessment Unit, University of Calgary Record Status This is a bibliographic record of a published health technology assessment from a member of INAHTA. No evaluation of the quality of this assessment has been made for the HTA database. Citation Health Technology Assessment Unit, University of Calgary. Pineal gland cysts (...) : an evidence synthesis summary. Calgary: HTA Unit, University of Calgary 2016 Authors' conclusions The evidence published on treatment of pineal gland cysts is weak; however, the literature is in agreement that surgery for symptomatic pineal gland cysts is effective at relieving symptoms. There is no comparative evidence concerning which surgical approach may lead to better outcomes. Surgery does not cause significant long-term side-effects . There is no evidence on patient quality of life, attitudes

2016 Health Technology Assessment (HTA) Database.

59. Oral contraceptives for functional ovarian cysts. (Abstract)

Oral contraceptives for functional ovarian cysts. Functional ovarian cysts are a common gynecological problem among women of reproductive age worldwide. When large, persistent, or painful, these cysts may require operations, sometimes resulting in removal of the ovary. Since early oral contraceptives were associated with a reduced incidence of functional ovarian cysts, many clinicians inferred that birth control pills could be used to treat cysts as well. This became a common clinical practice (...) that included oral contraceptives used for treatment and not prevention of functional ovarian cysts. Criteria for diagnosis of cysts were those used by authors of trials.Two authors independently abstracted data from the articles. One entered the data into RevMan and a second verified accuracy of data entry. For dichotomous outcomes, we computed the Mantel-Haenszel odds ratio with 95% confidence interval (CI). For continuous outcomes, we calculated the mean difference with 95% CI.We identified eight

2014 Cochrane

60. Interventions for treating simple bone cysts in the long bones of children. (Abstract)

Interventions for treating simple bone cysts in the long bones of children. Simple bone cysts, also known as a unicameral bone cysts or solitary bone cysts, are the most common type of benign bone lesion in growing children. Cysts may lead to repeated pathological fracture (fracture that occurs in an area of bone weakened by a disease process). Occasionally, these fractures may result in symptomatic malunion. The main goals of treatment are to decrease the risk of pathological fracture, enhance (...) cyst healing and resolve pain. Despite the numerous treatment methods that have been used for simple bone cysts in long bones of children, there is no consensus on the best procedure.To assess the effects (benefits and harms) of interventions for treating simple bone cysts in the long bones of children, including adolescents.We intended the following main comparisons: invasive (e.g. injections, curettage, surgical fixation) versus non-invasive interventions (e.g. observation, plaster cast

2014 Cochrane

To help you find the content you need quickly, you can filter your results via the categories on the right-hand side >>>>