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381. Submeniscal Portal for Horizontal Cleavage Tear with Parameniscal Cyst of the Lateral Meniscus Full Text available with Trip Pro

Submeniscal Portal for Horizontal Cleavage Tear with Parameniscal Cyst of the Lateral Meniscus Horizontal cleavage tears of the medial and lateral meniscus can be difficult to treat using the standard anteromedial or anterolateral arthroscopy portals. In this Technical Note, we present a new surgical technique to better manage the inferior leaflet of horizontal cleavage tears of the medial and lateral meniscus and their associated parameniscal cysts.

2018 Arthroscopy techniques

382. Porencephalic cyst: a rare cause of new-onset seizure in an adult Full Text available with Trip Pro

Porencephalic cyst: a rare cause of new-onset seizure in an adult We present a case of a 56-year-old male with a history of perinatal intracerebral hemorrhage who presented to the emergency department after a witnessed new-onset generalized tonic-clonic seizure. Computerized tomography and magnetic resonance imaging of the head revealed a large frontal lobe porencephalic cyst, with encephalomalacia in the right parietal lobe and temporal lobe (the patient did not have any prior cranial imaging (...) ). The patient has subsequently remained seizure-free on levetiracetam. Porencephalic cyst is a rare condition of cerebrospinal fluid accumulation in the brain parenchyma that is usually related to perinatal vascular events. These cysts can have a wide array of clinical presentations. This can include partial or generalized seizures, which are usually managed by antiepileptics.

2018 Journal of community hospital internal medicine perspectives

383. Huge thyroglossal duct cyst in elderly patient: Case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Huge thyroglossal duct cyst in elderly patient: Case report Thyroglossal duct cyst is the most common congenital neck mass. About 50% of cases present before the age of 10. A second group present in young adulthood.We present a case of an 85 years old male patient who presented to us with a huge swelling occupying the whole front of the neck, matching the characters of a thyroglossal cyst by history and clinical examination. The swelling first appeared in early adulthood. He received faulty (...) advice that led him to believe that the operation was too risky. He lived without treatment or complications except for very slow progressive enlargement of the swelling over the years until it became cosmetically very bad and interfering with his daily activities. The swelling was cystic, non-tender with surrounding healthy skin except small area showing minimal signs of inflammation. Neck US and (CT) confirmed the diagnosis of thyroglossal cyst, 92*76 mm in size.We performed surgical excision

2018 International journal of surgery case reports

384. Adductor magnus muscle primary hydatid cyst rare unusual site: A case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Adductor magnus muscle primary hydatid cyst rare unusual site: A case report The preferred localization of human echinococcosis is the liver and lungs, which account for 85% of cases. Primary musculoskeletal hydatidosis are seldom reported in literature and their incidence is unknown. Primary solitary intramuscular hydatid disease is rare, even in countries in which echinococcosis is endemic and accounts for 1% of all human echinococcosis sites.37-year-old male farmer presented with primary (...) hydatid cyst of the upper medial side of right thigh (Inside adductor magnus muscle) who was managed successfully by preoperative and postoperative dual treatment of albendazole together with surgery.This site of localization has not been reported previously. It is essential to establish definitive preoperative diagnosis of skeletal muscle hydatid cysts. This contraindicates certain treatment options like marginal excision or incisional biopsy due to the likelihood of dissemination and anaphylactic

2018 International journal of surgery case reports

385. Stool filling of an intestinal duplication cyst at the ileocecal valve triggers colonic intussusception: a case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Stool filling of an intestinal duplication cyst at the ileocecal valve triggers colonic intussusception: a case report Intestinal duplication, a congenital malformation, is considered a rare condition, particularly in adults. Although it affects young children, a minority of patients remains asymptomatic until adulthood. Here, we describe a case of an intestinal duplication cyst that caused intussusception by a unique mechanism.A 19-year-old man was admitted to our hospital for intermittent (...) abdominal pain. Computed tomography revealed colonic intussusception induced by a nodular mass in the ileocecal region. Urgent ileocecal resection was performed because of the risk of colonic ischemia. The resected material comprised a stool-filled noncommunicating cyst that protruded into the enteric lumen at the ileocecal valve. Histological analyses revealed that the inner wall of the cyst was lined with colonic mucosa and that the muscle layer of the cyst was shared with that of the original enteric

2018 Surgical Case Reports

386. 54‐cm enteric duplication cyst in a 13‐year‐old female Full Text available with Trip Pro

54‐cm enteric duplication cyst in a 13‐year‐old female Enteric duplication cyst is a very rare condition, the affected individual may be asymptomatic. It has serious complications, on top of which is a malignant transformation tendency. To avoid these complications, resection of the duplication seems to be mandatory, even if it is an incidental finding.

2018 Clinical Case Reports

387. Long-term Seizure Disorder Caused by a Dermoid Cyst with Catastrophic Developments Full Text available with Trip Pro

Long-term Seizure Disorder Caused by a Dermoid Cyst with Catastrophic Developments Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is a World Health Organization (WHO) grade IV primary malignant astrocytoma. Aneurysms are devastating intracranial neurovascular pathologies. Intracranial dermoid cysts are common, benign lesions which can be clinically silent or associated with seizure disorder. We describe physically adjacent diagnoses of dermoid cyst, intracranial aneurysm, and GBM in a single patient. Records (...) were collected and reviewed to compile the final clinical picture. A 72-year-old male with a long history of seizure disorder, presented with new focal, unilateral neurological deficits. Radiographic evaluation including computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) demonstrated a dermoid cyst with an underlying developing GBM, which also, by happenstance, contained an aneurysm. During open surgical resection, multiple macroscopically distinct tissue types were noted. Histological

2018 Cureus

388. A Case of Intrathoracic Gastric Duplication Cyst Detected on Prenatal Ultrasound Examination Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Case of Intrathoracic Gastric Duplication Cyst Detected on Prenatal Ultrasound Examination A 37-year-old (G4P3) woman was referred to our hospital at 32 weeks of gestation for the evaluation of a fetus with an intrathoracic cystic lesion. Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging revealed that a fetal cystic lesion without a mucosal layer was located in the posterior mediastinum. These findings were consistent with a bronchogenic cyst. At 38 3/7 weeks of gestation, an elective cesarean (...) section was performed because of her previous cesarean section. A female neonate without any external anomalies, weighing 2,442 g, with Apgar scores of 8 and 9, and requiring no resuscitation was born. Four weeks after delivery, the neonate was admitted because of respiratory distress due to mass effect. At right lateral thoracotomy, a 105 × 65 mm of solitary smooth-walled cyst containing serosanguineous fluid was found in the posterior mediastinum, which was excised completely. Histologic examination

2018 Case reports in obstetrics and gynecology

389. Infantile Dermoid Cyst in the Lateral Wall of the Cavernous Sinus: A Case Report and Literature Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Infantile Dermoid Cyst in the Lateral Wall of the Cavernous Sinus: A Case Report and Literature Review Dermoid tumors originating from the cavernous sinus are typically intradural, and thus, presentation with ophthalmoplegia is uncommon. Infantile dermoid tumors originating from the interdural space of the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus are also very rare. We herein present a 4-year-old infantile case of a dermoid cyst that was embedded in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus (...) . To the best of our knowledge, there have only been two reports of infantile dermoid cysts in the lateral wall of the cavernous sinus. We herein describe their clinical characteristics with the previous review and introduce surgical tips for the resection.

2018 NMC Case Report Journal

390. Large adrenal cyst masquerading as a pancreatic cystic tumor: a rare diagnosis based on endoscopic ultrasound Full Text available with Trip Pro

Large adrenal cyst masquerading as a pancreatic cystic tumor: a rare diagnosis based on endoscopic ultrasound Adrenal cystic lesions constitute a rare finding and usually are diagnosed incidentally as retroperitoneal cysts during imaging studies. A major issue, especially for the large-sized ones, is their preoperative diagnosis and management, as imaging modalities often fail to detect their exact origin prior to surgery. We report a case of a big adrenal cyst that was mistakenly diagnosed (...) and followed up as pancreatic cystic tail tumor. Our thorough workup, which included endoscopic ultrasound (EUS), managed to delineate an adrenal gland-originated cyst and altered further management of the patient. According to our knowledge, this is the first report in literature in which EUS proved its superiority over other imaging studies in clarifying the origin of an ambiguous big retroperitoneal cyst. We believe that for cases of large retroperitoneal cystic lesions, EUS consists the optimal

2018 Endoscopy international open

391. A giant hemorrhagic adrenal pseudocyst mimicking hydatid cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

A giant hemorrhagic adrenal pseudocyst mimicking hydatid cyst 30276129 2019 02 26 2214-4420 21 2018 Nov Urology case reports Urol Case Rep A giant hemorrhagic adrenal pseudocyst mimicking hydatid cyst. 104-106 10.1016/j.eucr.2018.09.015 Bibi Mokhtar M Department of Urology, LA Rabta Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia. Sellami Ahmed A Department of Urology, LA Rabta Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia. Ouanes Yassine Y Department of Urology, LA Rabta Hospital, Tunis, Tunisia. Zehani Alia A Department of Pathology

2018 Urology case reports

392. Insulated-tip knife: an alternative method of marsupializing a symptomatic duodenal duplication cyst in a 3-year-old child Full Text available with Trip Pro

Insulated-tip knife: an alternative method of marsupializing a symptomatic duodenal duplication cyst in a 3-year-old child 30402584 2018 11 14 2468-4481 3 11 2018 Nov VideoGIE : an official video journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy VideoGIE Insulated-tip knife: an alternative method of marsupializing a symptomatic duodenal duplication cyst in a 3-year-old child. 356-357 10.1016/j.vgie.2018.08.006 Salazar Ennaliza E Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology

2018 VideoGIE

393. Genome-wide analysis of genes encoding core components of the ubiquitin system in soybean (Glycine max) reveals a potential role for ubiquitination in host immunity against soybean cyst nematode Full Text available with Trip Pro

Genome-wide analysis of genes encoding core components of the ubiquitin system in soybean (Glycine max) reveals a potential role for ubiquitination in host immunity against soybean cyst nematode Ubiquitination is a major post-translational protein modification that regulates essentially all cellular and physiological pathways in eukaryotes. The ubiquitination process typically involves three distinct classes of enzymes, ubiquitin-activating enzyme (E1), ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme (E2 (...) significantly altered after soybean cyst nematode (SCN) treatment, suggesting the soybean UBS potentially plays an important role in soybean immunity against SCN.Our findings indicate the presence of a large and diverse number of core UBS proteins in the soybean genome, which suggests that target-specific modification by ubiquitin is a complex and important part of cellular and physiological regulation in soybean. We also revealed certain members of the soybean UBS may be involved in immunity against

2018 BMC plant biology

394. Transcriptome analysis of Azospirillum brasilense vegetative and cyst states reveals large-scale alterations in metabolic and replicative gene expression Full Text available with Trip Pro

Transcriptome analysis of Azospirillum brasilense vegetative and cyst states reveals large-scale alterations in metabolic and replicative gene expression Several Gram-negative soil bacteria have the ability to differentiate into dormant cysts when faced with harsh environmental conditions. For example, when challenged with nutrient deprivation or desiccation, the plant-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense differentiates from a replicative and motile rod-shaped vegetative cell (...) into a non-motile dormant spherical cyst. Currently, little is known about either the metabolic differences that exist between vegetative and cyst cell types, or about aspects of cyst physiology that allow dormant cells to survive harsh conditions. Here we compared transcriptomic profiles of vegetative and encysted A. brasilense. We observed that approximately one fifth of the A. brasilense transcriptome undergoes changes in expression between replicative vegetative cells and non-replicative cysts

2018 Microbial Genomics

395. Oxidative stress and hepatic injury induced in mice fed a Sarcocystis hirsuta cyst extract Full Text available with Trip Pro

Oxidative stress and hepatic injury induced in mice fed a Sarcocystis hirsuta cyst extract We studied the toxic effects of a Sarcocystis hirsuta cyst extract fed to mice. Degenerative changes were found in mice gavage-fed fresh, frozen, and heat-treated S. hirsuta cyst extract. There were increases in the levels of serum aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase as well as hepatic and brain malondialdehyde (MDA) levels along with concomitant decreases in catalase (CAT (...) ) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities of mice receiving fresh and frozen S. hirsuta extracts. Gavage feeding of heat-treated S. hirsuta cyst extract had no effects on liver enzymes or brain MDA content, but the liver MDA level did increase. Mice in the heat-treated cyst group showed reduced CAT and SOD activities as well as increased hepatic MDA levels compared to those in the control group. These results indicate that an extract of S. hirsuta cyst can induce oxidative stress and hepatic injury, even

2018 Journal of veterinary science

396. Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Heterodera schachtii and the Newly Recorded Cyst Nematode, H. trifolii Associated with Chinese Cabbage in Korea Full Text available with Trip Pro

Morphological and Molecular Characterization of Heterodera schachtii and the Newly Recorded Cyst Nematode, H. trifolii Associated with Chinese Cabbage in Korea The sugar beet cyst nematode, Heterodera schachtii is a well known pathogen on Chinese cabbage in the highland fields of Korea. However, a race of cyst forming nematode with close morphological resemblance to H. trifolii was recently isolated from the same Chinese cabbage fields. Morphological species differentiation between the two cyst (...) nematodes is challenging, with only minor differences between them. Thus, this study described the newly intercepted H. trifolii population, and reviewed morphological and molecular characteristics conceivably essential in differentiating the two nematode species. A comparison of morphometric measurements of both infective juveniles and vulval cones of cysts showed significant differences between the two cyst nematodes. When total RNA and genomic DNA were extracted from a mixed field population, COI

2018 The Plant Pathology Journal

397. Azygos vein varix mimicking bronchial cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Azygos vein varix mimicking bronchial cysts Azygos vein varix is a very rare disease associated with a risk of rupture or thrombosis. Here, we report a case of azygos vein varix mimicking bronchogenic cysts. A 79-year-old female patient presented with abnormal shadows on a chest X-ray during an annual check-up. A plain chest computed tomography (CT) showed a well-defined tumour, approximately 66 X 65 X 45 mm in size, behind the trachea. An enhanced CT scan was refused due to asthma (...) complications. A high signal on T2W1 images from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) indicated a cystic tumour. Diagnosed as a bronchogenic cyst, a cyst excision was scheduled. Upon observation with a thoracoscope, a dark purple-red saccular tumour was observed continuing on to the azygos vein and was removed using linear staplers. The patient is alive and well 4 years after the operation. If a cystic tumour located in the right upper mediastinum is observed, the presence of azygos vein varix should

2018 Respirology case reports

398. Concomittant fibrous dysplasia with aneurysmal bone cyst formation within the skull, humerus and rib Full Text available with Trip Pro

Concomittant fibrous dysplasia with aneurysmal bone cyst formation within the skull, humerus and rib Polyostotic fibrous dysplasia (FD) is a rare pathology characterized by the abnormal and gradual replacement of normal bone (calcium hydroxylapatite of osteoid matrix) with fibrous connective tissue. Aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is a tumor-like benign lesion with blood-filled cavities that can affect virtually any bone in the body. We report on a 20-year-old male presenting with an extremely rare

2018 Journal of surgical case reports

399. Evaluation of pineal cysts with magnetic resonance imaging Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation of pineal cysts with magnetic resonance imaging To evaluate radiological imaging findings of patients who had been found to have pineal cyst (PC) in brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).A total of 9546 patients who had brain MRI examination in March 2010-January 2018 period were studied. Fifty-six patients (44 female and 12 male) found to have PC were evaluated. Eighteen of the patients had had follow-up examinations of 2-94 mo (mean 30.50 ± 28.83). PC dimensions and volume (...) of the PCs were typical (62.50%) and 21 (37.50%) were atypical. No significant difference was found between initial and final imaging sizes of PCs which were monitored by follow-up examinations (P > 0.05).PCs are cysts which do not show clear size and natural changes and are more frequently observed in females and in adult ages. Most of them are isointense with cerebrospinal fluid on T1 and T2A weighted images, hyperintense compared to cerebrospinal fluid on fluid-attenuated inversion recovery; sequence

2018 World journal of radiology

400. Perineal squamous cell carcinoma arising from an epidermal cyst: a case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Perineal squamous cell carcinoma arising from an epidermal cyst: a case report Epidermal cysts and squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) are common skin lesions. However, a malignant change in an epidermal cyst is very rare. The incidence of a malignant change from an epidermal cyst to cutaneous SCC is 0.011-0.045%. In particular, malignant transformation of an epidermal cyst in the perineum is extremely rare. To date, three cases have been reported in the English literature.We report a case of 51

2018 World journal of surgical oncology

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