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21. Differences in Inflammation and Bone Resorption between Apical Granulomas, Radicular Cysts, and Dentigerous Cysts. (Abstract)

Differences in Inflammation and Bone Resorption between Apical Granulomas, Radicular Cysts, and Dentigerous Cysts. Dental cysts can be of inflammatory (radicular cysts) or noninflammatory (dentigerous cysts) origin. Apical periodontitis is a necrosis of the pulp and infection of the root canal causing the development of apical granulomas or radicular cysts. The immunology of granuloma and cyst formation is important because modern root filling materials are immunologically active and can (...) contribute to the resolution of apical granulomas. In contrast, radicular cysts often require apicectomy. A better understanding of the pathophysiology of inflammation and bone resorption in apical periodontitis could be the basis for developing new root filling materials with superior immunomodulatory properties.Forty-one apical granulomas, 23 radicular cysts, and 23 dentigerous cysts were analyzed in this study. A tissue microarray of the 87 consecutive specimens was created, and human leukocyte

2019 Journal of Endodontics

22. Older age and larger cyst size in children with spontaneous rupture of periorbital dermoid cysts. (Abstract)

Older age and larger cyst size in children with spontaneous rupture of periorbital dermoid cysts. We analyzed clinical and histopathologic data of 97 pediatric patients who underwent excision of dermoid cysts. On review, 16.5% of the sample population demonstrated localized chronic inflammatory changes, including the presence of giant cells and epithelial disruption. These features were considered indicative of prior cyst rupture. Age at time of initial presentation was significantly older (...) and cyst size was significantly larger in patients with histopathologic signs of previous rupture. Longer time to presentation and time to excision were associated with increased odds of spontaneous rupture.Copyright © 2019 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

23. Novel Methylated DNA Markers Discriminate Advanced Neoplasia in Pancreatic Cysts: Marker Discovery, Tissue Validation, and Cyst Fluid Testing. (Abstract)

Novel Methylated DNA Markers Discriminate Advanced Neoplasia in Pancreatic Cysts: Marker Discovery, Tissue Validation, and Cyst Fluid Testing. Pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs) may be precancerous. Those likely to harbor high-grade dysplasia (HGD) or pancreatic cancer (PC) are targets for surgical resection. Current algorithms to predict advanced neoplasia (HGD/PC) in PCLs lack diagnostic accuracy. In pancreatic tissue and cyst fluid (CF) from PCLs, we sought to identify and validate novel

2019 American Journal of Gastroenterology

24. Differentiation of sublingual thyroglossal duct cyst from midline dermoid cyst with diffusion weighted imaging. (Abstract)

Differentiation of sublingual thyroglossal duct cyst from midline dermoid cyst with diffusion weighted imaging. to differentiate sublingual thyroglossal duct cyst (TGDC) from midline dermoid cyst (DC) with diffusion weighted imaging (DWI).Retrospective analysis of 22 consecutive patients (11 male and 11 female aged 5-15 years) with midline cystic lesion at floor of mouth. They underwent DWI of floor of mouth. Apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of the cystic lesions was calculated

2019 International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology

25. Laparoscopic-assisted cyst excision and ductoplasty plus widened portoenterostomy for choledochal cysts with a narrow portal bile duct. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Laparoscopic-assisted cyst excision and ductoplasty plus widened portoenterostomy for choledochal cysts with a narrow portal bile duct. Complete cyst excision with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is the standard procedure for choledochal cysts (CCs). In recent years, neonates have been increasingly diagnosed with CCs prenatally. Earlier treatment has been recommended to avoid complications. For type IVa malformation without extensive intrahepatic bile duct dilatation, laparoscopic (...) hepaticojejunostomy is technically challenging, and anastomotic stricture is a concern. Therefore, we propose laparoscopic synthetical techniques-laparoscopic excision of cyst and ductoplasty plus widened portoenterostomy to avoid stricture in CCs with a narrow hilar duct.An anastomosis was created around the transected end of the common bile duct in 12 minipigs (Group A), and another 12 minipigs (Group B) received conventional cholangiojejunostomy. Anastomotic diameter measurements and cholangiography were

2019 Surgical endoscopy

26. Prenatal Diagnosis and Clinical Course of a Patent Urachus Associated with an Allantoic Cord Cyst and a Giant Umbilical Cord Full Text available with Trip Pro

Prenatal Diagnosis and Clinical Course of a Patent Urachus Associated with an Allantoic Cord Cyst and a Giant Umbilical Cord 30255165 2019 02 26 2509-596X 4 3 2018 Sep Ultrasound international open Ultrasound Int Open Prenatal Diagnosis and Clinical Course of a Patent Urachus Associated with an Allantoic Cord Cyst and a Giant Umbilical Cord. E104-E105 10.1055/a-0633-3879 Tekesin Ismail I Prenatal Unit Stuttgart, Prenatal Unit Stuttgart, Stuttgart, Germany. Küper-Steffen Regina R Klinikum

2018 Ultrasound international open

27. Multislice computed tomography performance in differential diagnosis of high‐density thymic cyst and thymoma in lesions less than 3 cm Full Text available with Trip Pro

Multislice computed tomography performance in differential diagnosis of high‐density thymic cyst and thymoma in lesions less than 3 cm This study was conducted to evaluate the performance of multislice computed tomography (MSCT) to diagnose high-density thymic cysts and thymomas in lesions measuring < 3 cm.The records of 42 patients admitted to Ningbo No. 2 Hospital with an anterior mediastinal mass (diameter < 3 cm) suspected of carcinoma originating from the thymus were retrospectively (...) analyzed. All patients underwent surgery and pathological examination. Twenty-eight were diagnosed with thymic cysts and 14 with thymoma. The features of thymic cysts and thymomas revealed on MSCT were compared.Mediastinal masses with a triangular or teardrop shape and a straight mediastina-lung border were more likely to be diagnosed as thymic cysts (P < 0.05), while those with a bulging nodule-lung border were more likely thymomas (P < 0.05). Using the CT value as a reference for differential

2018 Thoracic cancer

28. Postobstructive Cyst Formation in Pancreatic Duct affecting Surgical Approach Full Text available with Trip Pro

Postobstructive Cyst Formation in Pancreatic Duct affecting Surgical Approach How to cite this article: Ezer A, Parlakgumus A. Postobstructive Cyst Formation in Pancreatic Duct affecting Surgical Approach. Euroasian J Hepato-Gastroenterol 2018;8(1):99-100.

2018 Euroasian journal of hepato-gastroenterology

29. Laparoscopic Surgery for Seminal Vesicle Cysts and Ureterocele with Urination Disorder: A Case Report of Zinner Syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Laparoscopic Surgery for Seminal Vesicle Cysts and Ureterocele with Urination Disorder: A Case Report of Zinner Syndrome Background: Zinner syndrome is defined as seminal vesicle cysts with ipsilateral renal agenesis and an ectopic ureter. Symptomatic cases are very rare. In this article, we present a laparoscopic approach for a case of Zinner syndrome. Case Presentation: The patient was a 21-year-old male with difficult urination. A right seminal vesicle cyst and right kidney agenesis (...) associated with ureterocele were found on examination and he was diagnosed with Zinner syndrome. First, we performed transperineal puncture of the ureterocele because it closed the bladder neck during voiding. Although voiding symptoms temporarily improved, the ureterocele recurred soon and the urination disorder was reexacerbated. Next, we selected laparoscopic removal of the ureterocele and the seminal vesicle cyst. The procedure was performed with transperitoneal access using four trocars

2018 Journal of endourology case reports

30. Effect of cladribine therapy on lung cysts in pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Effect of cladribine therapy on lung cysts in pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis Cladribine therapy may be beneficial in advanced forms of pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis, even that with multiple cystic changes http://ow.ly/yeLr30i0Tt6.

2018 ERJ open research

31. Rescue technique for complete removal of an accidentally ruptured orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst: A case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Rescue technique for complete removal of an accidentally ruptured orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst: A case report To report a rescue technique for complete removal of an accidentally ruptured orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst.A 33-year-old female presented with left proptosis with retrobulbar discomfort for 3 months. Computed tomography images showed an orbital dumbbell deep dermoid cyst. A lateral orbitotomy was performed under general anesthesia. The cyst was ruptured during osteotomy (...) of the lateral orbital rim. The cyst was opened vertically from the ruptured site using a Stephen's tenotomy scissors to visually confirm the internal wall of the cyst and to keep the epithelial lining intact while separating the external wall of the cyst from the bone. There was a small defect of the epithelial lining at the inferoposterior margin of the cyst. Granulomatous inflammation of the lacrimal gland was found adjacent to the defect site. The cyst was completely removed and the lacrimal inflammation

2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

32. Solitary eyelid neurofibroma presenting as tarsal cyst: Report of a case and review of literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

Solitary eyelid neurofibroma presenting as tarsal cyst: Report of a case and review of literature To report a rare case of solitary eyelid neurofiboma presenting as tarsal cyst.A 64 year old male, presented with a painless, non progressive swelling in the right upper eye lid. Examination revealed a non tender, firm, mass adherent to the underlying tarsus. Excision via a conjunctival approach was performed and the histopathology was suggestive of neurofibroma. Immunohistochemistry was positive (...) for Vimentin and focally positive for S-100. The patient did not have any features of neurofibromatosis.and Importance: Solitary neurofibroma of the eyelid does not have any systemic association with neurofibromatosis, and only seven such cases have been reported in English literature. We report a case of solitary neurofibroma of the eyelid presenting as tarsal cyst. A thorough review of literature of previously reported cases is included.

2018 American journal of ophthalmology case reports

33. Ovarian Cysts in Postmenopausal Women

Ovarian Cysts in Postmenopausal Women The Management of Ovarian Cysts in Postmenopausal Women Green-top Guideline No. 34 July 2016The Management of Ovarian Cysts in Postmenopausal Women This is the second edition of this guideline, which was previously published in 2003, and reviewed in 2010, under the title ‘Ovarian Cysts in Postmenopausal Women’. Executive summary of recommendations Diagnosis and significance of ovarian cysts in postmenopausal women How are ovarian cysts diagnosed (...) in postmenopausal women and what initial investigations should be performed? Clinicians should be aware of the different presentations and significance of ovarian cysts in postmenopausal women. [New 2016] In postmenopausal women presenting with acute abdominal pain, the diagnosis of an ovarian cyst accident should be considered (e.g. torsion, rupture, haemorrhage). [New 2016] It is recommended that ovarian cysts in postmenopausal women should be initially assessed by measuring serum cancer antigen 125 (CA125

2016 Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists

34. Symptom relief and not cyst reduction determines treatment success in aspiration sclerotherapy of hepatic cysts. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Symptom relief and not cyst reduction determines treatment success in aspiration sclerotherapy of hepatic cysts. To assess whether quantitative assessment of symptom reduction is a better outcome parameter than cyst volume reduction for treatment success in patients treated by aspiration sclerotherapy.We included patients with symptomatic, large (> 5 cm), hepatic cysts from a randomized controlled trial (NCT02048319). At baseline and 6 months after treatment, symptoms were assessed (...) with the polycystic liver disease questionnaire (PLD-Q) and we measured cyst volume using ultrasonography. Patient-reported change in health was assessed on a 5-point Likert scale (much worse to much better) after 6 months. We tested whether PLD-Q scores and cyst volumes changed after aspiration sclerotherapy (responsiveness). Changes in PLD-Q scores and cyst volume were compared with change in health as a measure of treatment success (discriminative ability). As secondary analysis, we compared baseline

2018 European radiology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

35. The prevalence of midline prostatic cysts and the relationship between cyst size and semen parameters among infertile and fertile men. (Abstract)

The prevalence of midline prostatic cysts and the relationship between cyst size and semen parameters among infertile and fertile men. When is the investigation and treatment of midline prostatic cysts (MPC) of clinical value in the work-up of males of infertile couples?With a prevalence of 10.2% in infertile men, MPC should be investigated according to a seminal algorithm detecting a MPC volume >0.117 ml, which may impair semen parameters, and could be treated to improve sperm count (...) , a longitudinal evaluation of 11 infertile men undergoing trans-rectal ultrasonically-guided cyst aspiration (TRUCA), semen analyses 1 and 3 months after TRUCA and a follow-up 1 year after TRUCA to assess natural pregnancy were performed.All subjects underwent, in our outpatient clinic, clinical, hormonal, scrotal and transrectal US evaluation and semen analysis within the same day. Of 693 males of infertile couples, 648 (37.1 ± 7.9 years, mean+SD) without genetic abnormalities were studied, along with 103

2018 Human Reproduction

36. Ovarian reserve evaluation after laparoscopic cyst enucleation, depending on applied haemostasis technique and with particular consideration of endometrial cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Ovarian reserve evaluation after laparoscopic cyst enucleation, depending on applied haemostasis technique and with particular consideration of endometrial cysts was an evaluation of the effects, exerted by obtained haemostasis on ovarian reserve, depending on haemostasis technique, applied after laparoscopic enucleation of endometrial cysts.Sixty-six female patients, at the age of 20-35 years, were included into the study. The diameters of the cystic lesions were within 40-70 mm. The patients (...) were randomly assigned to two study groups. Group 1 involved patients after laparoscopic enucleation of ovarian cysts, in whom haemostasis was achieved by ovary suturing, while Group 2 included patients with haemostasis achieved by bipolar coagulation technique. Cyst enucleation was performed in all the patients by the stripping method. Ovarian reserve markers: AFC (antral follicle count), AMH (anti-Müllerian hormone), and inhibin B were assayed before and three months after the surgery.The

2018 PrzeglaÌœd menopauzalny = Menopause review Controlled trial quality: uncertain

37. Splenic epithelial cyst mistaken with Hydatid cyst: A case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Splenic epithelial cyst mistaken with Hydatid cyst: A case report Cystic lesions of the spleen are infrequent and usually diagnosed incidentally. These lesions are rare and their differential diagnosis is very wide. Splenic epithelial cysts are the most common type of primary splenic cyst (4%). Surgical treatment is indicated for cysts larger than 5 cm or symptomatic. Nowadays, spleen preserving surgery is the gold standard treatment considering the immunologic role of the spleen (...) and the increased risk of post-splenectomy infections.A 17 year old girl presented to the outpatient clinic with moderate left upper quadrant abdominal pain of 2 weeks duration with loss of appetite and denied fever, chills, sweating and jaundice. Abdominal examination showed tender splenomegaly. The abdominal imaging (Ultrasound, CT SCAN, MRI) was suggestive of hydatid cyst of the spleen, for which she received Albendazole for 1 month and then operated by laparotomy with partial resection and un-roofing

2018 International journal of surgery case reports

38. Clinical significance of intrapancreatic choledochal cyst excision in surgical management of type I choledochal cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical significance of intrapancreatic choledochal cyst excision in surgical management of type I choledochal cyst Objective To investigate the effectiveness of intrapancreatic choledochal cyst excision in treating type I choledochal cyst, and increase understanding of the need for thorough surgical management of the disease. Methods Primary and secondary (including multiple) surgical cases, treated between 2005 and 2015, were retrospectively analysed, and follow-up data of post-treatment (...) effectiveness to date were reviewed. Differences in curative effects were compared between whole and partial excision of the choledochal cyst. Results Out of 350 cases, patients with whole excision of the choledochal cyst ( n = 272) experienced no associated symptoms in the long-term (3/272 [1.1%] experienced stomach ache or fever). Patients with partial resection of the choledochal cyst ( n = 78) developed associated symptoms, including new cyst, calculus of the bile duct (51/78 [65.4

2018 The Journal of international medical research

39. Solidification of hydatid cyst fluid with an injectable chitosan/carboxymethylcellulose/β-glycerophosphate hydrogel for effective control of spillage during aspiration of hydatid cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Solidification of hydatid cyst fluid with an injectable chitosan/carboxymethylcellulose/β-glycerophosphate hydrogel for effective control of spillage during aspiration of hydatid cysts Cystic echinococcosis (CE)/hydatid cyst is one of the most important helminthic diseases in the world. The treatment of hydatid cyst ranges from surgical intervention to chemotherapy, although the efficacy of chemotherapy is still unclear. Postoperative complication which results from the spillage of cysts (...) during surgical operation is one of the most important concerns in surgical treatment of hydatid cyst. The aim of the current study was to solidify the hydatid cyst fluid (HCF) with an injectable and thermosensitive chitosan (CS)/carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC)/β-glycerol phosphate (BGP) hydrogel for effective control of spillage during the aspiration of hydatid cysts. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), water uptake, rheological analysis, and Alamar Blue

2018 Progress in biomaterials

40. Interactions between Macrophages and Cyst-Lining Epithelial Cells Promote Kidney Cyst Growth in <i>Pkd1</i>-Deficient Mice. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Interactions between Macrophages and Cyst-Lining Epithelial Cells Promote Kidney Cyst Growth in Pkd1-Deficient Mice. Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the leading inherited renal disease worldwide. The proproliferative function of macrophages is associated with late-stage cyst enlargement in mice with PKD; however, the way in which macrophages act on cyst-lining epithelial cells (CLECs) has not been well elucidated.We generated a rapid-onset PKD mouse model (...) by inactivating Pkd1 on postnatal day 10 (P10) and compared cell proliferation and differential gene expression in kidney tissues of the PKD mice and wild-type (WT) littermates.The cystic phenotype was dominant from P18. A distinct peak in cell proliferation in polycystic kidneys during P22-P30 was closely related to late-stage cyst growth. Comparisons of gene expression profiles in kidney tissues at P22 and P30 in PKD and WT mice revealed that arginine metabolism was significantly activated; 204

2018 Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

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