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281. A case of a maintenance hemodialysis patient with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease who underwent living donor liver transplantation alone due to refractory liver cyst infection Full Text available with Trip Pro

A case of a maintenance hemodialysis patient with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease who underwent living donor liver transplantation alone due to refractory liver cyst infection Liver cysts are observed in 83% of cases of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Although not as prevalent as renal cyst infection, liver cyst infection is a serious complication that is sometimes difficult to treat. We report the case of a maintenance hemodialysis patient with ADPKD who (...) received a living donor liver transplantation alone (LDLTA) due to refractory liver cyst infection. The patient was a 67-year-old Japanese man who developed fever and right-side abdominal pain, and liver cyst infection was suspected. Treatment with multiple antibiotics was ineffective. Many liver cysts were observed on magnetic resonance imaging scans and a cyst in liver segment S6, which produced the strongest signal variation, was drained. The fever subsided temporarily, but multiple infected liver

2018 CEN Case Reports

282. Case Report: Severe back pain, epigastric distress and refractory nausea; an unusual presentation of mediastinal bronchogenic cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Case Report: Severe back pain, epigastric distress and refractory nausea; an unusual presentation of mediastinal bronchogenic cyst Background: Bronchogenic cysts are congenital malformations from abnormal budding of embryonic foregut and tracheobronchial tree. We present a case of bronchogenic cyst with severe back pain, epigastric distress and refractory nausea and vomiting.   Case Presentation: A 44-year-old Hispanic female presented with a 3-week history of recurrent sharp interscapular pain (...) radiating to epigastrium with refractory nausea and vomiting. She underwent cholecystectomy 2-years ago. Computed tomography (CT) abdomen at that time showed a subcarinal mass measuring 5.4 X 5.0 cm. Subsequent endoscopic ultrasound diagnosed it as a bronchogenic cyst. Endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) guided aspiration resulted in incomplete drainage and she was discharged after partial improvement. Current physical examination showed tachycardia and tachypnea with labs showing leukocytosis, elevated

2018 F1000Research

283. An unusual presentation of ovarian dermoid cyst: a case report and review of literature Full Text available with Trip Pro

An unusual presentation of ovarian dermoid cyst: a case report and review of literature Dermoid cysts or mature cystic teratoma are the most common type of ovarian germ cell tumor. It may be complicated by torsion, rupture, chemical peritonitis and malignant change but is rarely complicated by infection. We present a case of an ovarian dermoid cyst with super-infection caused by Schistosoma haematobium (S. haematobium). We present here a case of incidental finding of S. haematobium eggs (...) in an infected cystic teratoma of the ovary because of the rare occurrence of this lesion. A 45-year-old Moroccan woman admitted to the gynecological department because of abdominal pain and fever. Gynecological examination, ultrasonography, and abdominopelvic computed tomography scan revealed an ovarian mass thought to be a dermoid cyst. The pathological evaluation suggested infected ovarian dermoid cyst with the presence of adult worm in the tumor, contains same eggs of S. haematobium. Super-infection

2018 Obstetrics & gynecology science

284. Discovery of new Toxoplasma gondii antigenic proteins using a high throughput protein microarray approach screening sera of murine model infected orally with oocysts and tissue cysts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Discovery of new Toxoplasma gondii antigenic proteins using a high throughput protein microarray approach screening sera of murine model infected orally with oocysts and tissue cysts Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite that causes congenital toxoplasmosis, as well as other serious clinical presentations in immune compromised humans. The parasite has also been recently linked to behavioral diseases in humans and other mammalian hosts. New antigens are being (...) administered orally with oocysts or tissue cysts. The aim was to discover the antigens that overlap in the mouse profile with human antibody profiles published previously. For this, a reactive antigen list of 240 antigens recognized by murine IgG and IgM was identified using pooled sera from orally infected mice.Analyses of screening data have identified plenty of antigens and showed strong immunogenicity in both mouse and human antibody profiles. Among them, ROP1, GRA2, GRA3, GRA4, GRA5, GRA6, GRA7, GRA8

2018 Parasites & vectors

285. Robotic-assisted surgery for pediatric choledochal cyst: Case report and literature review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Robotic-assisted surgery for pediatric choledochal cyst: Case report and literature review Our paper describes the key surgical points of pediatric choledochocystectomy performed completely by Da Vinci robotic system. A choledochocystectomy was safely carried out for a girl at our hospital, and without any complication. Then systematic literature review was done to discuss the methods of intestine surgery and intestinal anastomosis, the use of 3rd robotic arm, the surgical safety and advantages

2018 World journal of clinical cases

286. Intrapelvic Localised Hydatid Cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intrapelvic Localised Hydatid Cyst Hydatid cysts, caused by Echinococcus granulosus, is an important health problem in endemic areas. The disease can localize most commonly in the liver and lungs. Primary pelvic involvement is a rare condition. In this case report, we aimed to present a 75-year-old male patient with a pelvic mass, which was diagnosed preoperatively as a hydatid cyst.

2018 Cureus

287. Treatment of simple bone cysts using endoscopic curettage: a case series analysis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Treatment of simple bone cysts using endoscopic curettage: a case series analysis Endoscopic curettage is considered applicable for the treatment of simple bone cysts with the expectation that it might be less invasive than open curettage. In this study, we investigated the efficacy of endoscopic curettage for the treatment of simple bone cysts. The goal was to investigate the incidence of cyst recurrence and bone healing after endoscopic curettage. Moreover, complications and functionality (...) at the final follow-up were evaluated.From 2003 to 2014, 37 patients with simple bone cysts underwent endoscopic curettage. Twenty-four were male and 13 were female, with a mean age of 14.7 years. Endoscopic curettage was performed with the support of an arthroscope via 7-8 mm holes penetrated by cannulated drills with a small incision. The cysts underwent curettage using angled curettes, rongeurs, and an electrical shaver until the normal bone was observed in the medullary cavity. To investigate the bone

2018 Journal of orthopaedic surgery and research

288. Surgical excision of an acutely symptomatic subpubic cartilaginous cyst in a 70 year old male Full Text available with Trip Pro

Surgical excision of an acutely symptomatic subpubic cartilaginous cyst in a 70 year old male 29998064 2019 02 26 2214-4420 20 2018 Sep Urology case reports Urol Case Rep Surgical excision of an acutely symptomatic subpubic cartilaginous cyst in a 70 year old male. 62-64 10.1016/j.eucr.2018.07.002 Faraj Kassem K Mayo Clinic Hospital, Department of Urology, 5777 E Mayo Blvd, Phoenix, AZ, 85054, USA. Gross Kelli K Mayo Clinic Hospital, Department of Urology, 5777 E Mayo Blvd, Phoenix, AZ, 85054 (...) , USA. Beauchamp Christopher C Mayo Clinic Hospital, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, 5777 E Mayo Blvd, Phoenix, AZ, 85054, USA. Castle Erik E Mayo Clinic Hospital, Department of Urology, 5777 E Mayo Blvd, Phoenix, AZ, 85054, USA. Khan Aqsa A Mayo Clinic Hospital, Department of Urology, 5777 E Mayo Blvd, Phoenix, AZ, 85054, USA. eng Case Reports 2018 07 05 United States Urol Case Rep 101626357 2214-4420 Cysts Dysfunction Erectile Neuralgia Perineum SCC, Subpubic cartilaginous cyst Subchondral 2018

2018 Urology case reports

289. Unicameral bone cysts: Current concepts Full Text available with Trip Pro

Unicameral bone cysts: Current concepts Unicameral bone cysts (UBC) or simple/solitary bone cysts are benign fluid filled cavities that enlarge over time, resulting in thinning of the bone. Usually these cysts are reported in the metaphyseal areas of long bones with open physes. 85% of UBCs occur almost exclusively in children and adolescents. UBCs are more aggressive in the first decade of life and correspondingly the recurrence rate for these patients is four times that for adolescents (...) . The proximal humerus and femur account for almost 90% of these cases. UBCs are classified as active when they are within 1 cm of the physis and latent as they progress to a diaphyseal location. Differential diagnoses for UBC include aneurysmal bone cyst, fibrous dysplasia, enchondroma, and intraosseous ganglia. By the time of skeletal maturity most UBCs tend to resolve. Nonoperative treatment may be a viable option for many patients with small or symptomatic lesions. Interventions include steroid injection

2018 Annals of Medicine and Surgery

290. Enhanced expression of IL-34 in an inflammatory cyst of the submandibular gland: a case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Enhanced expression of IL-34 in an inflammatory cyst of the submandibular gland: a case report Cysts of the salivary glands are common lesions that occur in the context of various etiologies. Although the diagnostic importance of cysts in salivary gland diseases has been well studied, molecular mechanisms that control the related pathological process remain largely unknown. IL-34 is a novel cytokine that was discovered recently as a tissue-specific ligand of colony stimulating factor-1 receptor (...) . Since its discovery, accumulating evidence has revealed emerging roles of IL-34 in various pathological conditions and has been suggested to correlate remarkably with inflammation. In this study, we report a medical case of an inflammatory cyst within the submandibular gland, through which evaluating the possible involvement of IL-34 in salivary gland disorders.A 37-year-old male patient suffered from a sudden swelling in the right submandibular region, started initially small and had gradually

2018 Inflammation and regeneration

291. Discal Cyst of the Lumbar Spine: Case Report of a Rare Clinical Entity Full Text available with Trip Pro

Discal Cyst of the Lumbar Spine: Case Report of a Rare Clinical Entity Being a rare clinical entity, discal cyst presents indistinguishably from other causes of lower back pain and radiculopathy. It is an extremely rare pathology with unclear pathogenesis, indeterminate natural history with no consensus on the ideal management of the condition. We report a rare case of discal cyst in a patient who presented to our centre with localised low back pain and subsequently left sided radicular pain (...) . With the aid of MRI and with clear surgical indication we proceeded with endoscopic removal of the cyst and intraoperatively confirmed its origin from the adjacent disc. The patient had immediate relief of his symptoms and no postoperative complications. We recommend that endoscopic surgery can be an effective alternative to conventional open surgery for discal cyst of the lumbar spine.

2018 Malaysian orthopaedic journal

292. Marsupialization and sclerotherapy with povidone iodine and ethanol of a branchial remnant cyst in an Arabian filly Full Text available with Trip Pro

Marsupialization and sclerotherapy with povidone iodine and ethanol of a branchial remnant cyst in an Arabian filly Branchial remnant cysts are an uncommon cause of masses of the throatlatch area in horses. Two methods of treatment have been proposed in literature, both with complications. This manuscript proposes a method (marsupialization and sclerotherapy) for the treatment of a cyst in a 1.5-year-old Arabian filly. Diagnosis was made by ultrasonographic, radiographic and endoscopic (...) examinations, revealing an anechoic fluid-filled structure and a well-defined capsule not in communication with other structures. After emptying the cyst, the skin was sutured circumferentially to the cyst wall; it was then flushed first with a solution of ethanol and povidone-iodine, then with sterile saline. Eight months after surgery, the filly had no recurrence of the cyst and the stoma was healed.

2018 Journal of Equine Science

293. Evaluation and Immunolocalization of BMP4 and FGF8 in Odontogenic Cyst and Tumors Full Text available with Trip Pro

Evaluation and Immunolocalization of BMP4 and FGF8 in Odontogenic Cyst and Tumors Growth factors like bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) and fibroblast growth factor 8 (FGF8) play a major role in organogenesis and specifically in odontogenesis. They are also believed to have a role in oncogenesis. Thus, any discrepancies in their standard behavior and activity would lead to serious abnormalities including odontogenic cyst and tumors. The present research work investigated the expression (...) of BMP4 and FGF8 in odontogenic tumors (OT) and cyst as well as developing tooth germs to elucidate their roles. Dental organs of various odontogenic stages and 30 OTs including solid multicystic ameloblastomas (SMA, 10 cases), ameloblastic fibroma (AF, 10 cases), odontogenic myxoma (OM, 10 cases), and odontogenic cysts: odontogenic keratocyst (OKC, 10 cases) were evaluated in both epithelial and mesenchymal components for the expression of BMP4 and FGF8 using immunohistochemistry. The epithelial

2018 Analytical cellular pathology (Amsterdam)

294. Müllerian cyst in posterior mediastinum: A report of a case Full Text available with Trip Pro

Müllerian cyst in posterior mediastinum: A report of a case A Müllerian cyst is a recently defined rare benign tumor of the posterior mediastinum. It is necessary to distinguish it from neurogenic tumor or bronchogenic cyst arising in the posterior mediastinum. Herein, we have reported and reviewed a case of Müllerian cyst in the light of the existing literature.A 40-year-old woman was referred to our department for abnormal mediastinal tumor on computed tomography (CT). Chest CT revealed a 2 (...) -cm nodule in the left posterior mediastinum, while magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) T2-weighted scan revealed an elliptical, homogenous, and high-intensity neoplasm, and bronchogenic cyst or neurogenic tumor was suspected. She did not present with any symptoms. A thoracoscopic surgery was performed for the cyst removal. Histopathological examination revealed that the cyst wall was covered with a layer of columnar epithelium. Immunohistochemical staining revealed the presence of estrogen receptor

2018 International journal of surgery case reports

295. Contribution of Imaging in Diagnosis of Primitive Cyst Hydatid in Unusual Localization: Pleura—A Report of Two Cases Full Text available with Trip Pro

Contribution of Imaging in Diagnosis of Primitive Cyst Hydatid in Unusual Localization: Pleura—A Report of Two Cases Hydatic disease has always been the most common in countries where large amount of sheep and cattle is raised, but increased travel and immigration have made this condition a serious worldwide public problem. Cyst hydatid may affect all parts of the human body like the heart, the bone marrow, the eye, the brain, the kidney, and the spermatic cord. Humans can become infested (...) by accidentally ingesting the eggs that are passed in the feces from definitive hosts (usually a canid, such as a wolf, fox, or dog). Even in endemic countries, the primitive pleural hydatid cyst is exceptional, and it is very difficult to distinguish from other pleural and parietal cystic masses especially that in majority of cases the immunologic tests are negative. We report two cases of pleural hydatid cyst discovered in two young patients, with a nonspecific clinical presentation. The interest

2018 Case Reports in Radiology

296. Orthokeratinized odontogenic cysts: a Spanish tertiary care centre study based on HPV DNA detection Full Text available with Trip Pro

Orthokeratinized odontogenic cysts: a Spanish tertiary care centre study based on HPV DNA detection The role of human papillomavirus (HPV) in orthokeratinized odontogenic cysts (OOCs) has rarely been studied. The objective is to describe the clinicopathological findings in a series of OOCs from a Spanish population that were investigated in relation to the possible presence of HPV.A clinicopathological retrospective analysis followed by a molecular analysis of 28 high- and low-risk HPV (...) genotypes was performed in OOC samples of patients seen during the last 15-years in a Spanish tertiary care center.Of 115 odontogenic cysts with keratinization, 16 cases of OOCs were confirmed and evaluated. OOCs occurred predominantly in the mandible of males (mean age 36.06 ± 13.16 years). Swelling of the jaw followed by pain were the most common clinical symptoms, and 56.5% of the OOC cases were associated with an unerupted tooth. After a mean post-cystectomy follow-up of 3.8 years, only one

2018 Head & face medicine

297. The development of a polypoid intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst in the bronchial lumen Full Text available with Trip Pro

The development of a polypoid intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst in the bronchial lumen Intrapulmonary bronchogenic cysts are rare in adults and most are outside the trachea and bronchi. There are reports of clear link with the trachea, but the cyst itself occurs outside the trachea. Thus, bronchoscopy will not reveal the cause, which often leads to a diagnosis by surgical resection. We herein report an extremely rare case of an intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst that was located entirely within (...) the left main bronchial lumen. Bronchoscopy revealed a shiny and smooth surface mass with abundant blood vessels in the lumen that blocked the left main bronchus. The patient was successfully treated with bronchoscopic resection and remained stable at 16 months of follow-up. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of an intrapulmonary bronchogenic cyst located entirely within the bronchial lumen.

2018 Respirology case reports

298. 18F-Fluorocholine-Positron Emission Tomography/Computerised Tomography is Useful in Localising 99mTc-Sesta-methoxyisobutylisonitrile-Negative Parathyroid Cyst Causing Normocalcemic Primary Hyperparathyroidism Full Text available with Trip Pro

18F-Fluorocholine-Positron Emission Tomography/Computerised Tomography is Useful in Localising 99mTc-Sesta-methoxyisobutylisonitrile-Negative Parathyroid Cyst Causing Normocalcemic Primary Hyperparathyroidism Parathyroid cysts are extremely rare and are rarely associated with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT), which are difficult to localise, as they are 99mTc-sesta-methoxyisobutylisonitrile (sestaMIBI) negative. We report for the first time the utility of 18F-fluorocholinepositron emission (...) tomography/computerised tomography (PC-PET/CT) in localising parathyroid cyst causing normocalcemic PHPT. A 76-year-old lady with progressively worsening osteoporosis from 2014-2017 (in spite of annual zolendronic acid infusions, daily calcium and vitamin-D supplementation) with persistently normal serum calcium and vitamin D, but elevated parathyroid hormone, had normal sestaMIBI scans of the neck on multiple occasions. FC-PET/CT finally revealed soft tissue uptake, suggestive of right superior

2018 European Endocrinology

299. A Novel, Minimally Invasive Technique in the Management of a Large Cyst Involving the Maxilla in a Child: A Case Report Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Novel, Minimally Invasive Technique in the Management of a Large Cyst Involving the Maxilla in a Child: A Case Report The conservative management of large, odontogenic, developmental cysts involving the jaws in young children using the technique of decompression has become increasingly popular to reduce the incidence of morbidity associated with aggressive treatment modalities. The lack of development of a stock device has made clinicians to explore various possible and readily available

2018 Cureus

300. Left ventricular hydatid cyst mimicking acute coronary syndrome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Left ventricular hydatid cyst mimicking acute coronary syndrome Hydatid disease is caused by the larvae of Echinococcus granulosus. Domestic dogs and cats are the primary carriers of echinococcal organisms. In some particular regions of the world, this parasitic infection is still endemic. Despite the fact that hydatid disease is most frequently located in the liver (50%-70% of cases) and the lungs (20%-30% of cases), it can occur in any organ or tissue. However, intracardiac localization (...) of hydatid cyst is very rare and it is found in less than 2% of the cases. Cardiac involvement can be caused by systemic or pulmonary circulation or direct spread from adjacent structures. After the cardiac hydatid cyst remained asymptomatic for many years, the cyst opens into the pericardium, causes cardiac tamponade, and mimics acute coronary syndrome, or it may get into the circulation and cause anaphylactic shock, which happens rarely. Because clinical signs and symptoms of cardiac hydatid cyst

2018 Radiology Case Reports

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