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241. Suprasellar keratinous cyst: A case report and review on its radiological features and treatment outcome Full Text available with Trip Pro

Suprasellar keratinous cyst: A case report and review on its radiological features and treatment outcome Keratinous or epidermoid cysts (ECs) are encapsulated lesions lined by squamous cell epithelium. They comprise approximately 1% of intracranial lesions. Contrary to dermoid cysts, they lack dermal elements such as sebaceous or apocrine glands and hair follicles. The sellar region is the second most common intracranial site following the cerebellopontine angle. Here, we report a case of EC (...) suprasellar lesion pushing on the optic chiasm. She underwent endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery, which confirmed a keratinous cyst on histology. Postoperatively, complete resection was confirmed on imaging. She did well although her hospital stay was prolonged due to diabetes insipidus and hypocortisolism.Chronic endocrine disturbances can be the presenting complaints of a suprasellar EC, whose T1-weighted MRI appearance can be non-specific, mimicking other differential diagnoses, such as a Rathke's

2018 Surgical neurology international

242. Postoperative Seizure Rate After Transcortical Resection of Subcortical Brain Tumors and Colloid Cysts: A Single Surgeon’s Experience Full Text available with Trip Pro

Postoperative Seizure Rate After Transcortical Resection of Subcortical Brain Tumors and Colloid Cysts: A Single Surgeon’s Experience When deciding on a surgical route to reach subcortical brain tumors and colloid cysts, many surgeons advocate the use of transcallosal, transsulcal, or skull base approaches over transcortical approaches due to a high reported incidence of postoperative seizures. We have retrospectively analyzed all patients operated upon by a senior neurosurgeon (Ricardo J (...) . Komotar) who undertook transcortical approaches for the resection of subcortical brain tumors and colloid cysts. We have also performed a comprehensive review of the literature to estimate postoperative seizure risk after transcortical approaches for the resection of deep tumors and colloid cysts. Of 27 patients who underwent transcortical approaches for the resection of subcortical brain tumors and colloid cysts, zero had postoperative seizures. A comprehensive review of the literature shows an 8.3

2018 Cureus

243. Genome-wide association study uncovers a novel QTL allele of AtS40-3 that affects the sex ratio of cyst nematodes in Arabidopsis Full Text available with Trip Pro

Genome-wide association study uncovers a novel QTL allele of AtS40-3 that affects the sex ratio of cyst nematodes in Arabidopsis Plant-parasitic cyst nematodes are obligate sedentary parasites that infect the roots of a broad range of host plants. Cyst nematodes are sexually dimorphic, but differentiation into male or female is strongly influenced by interactions with the host environment. Female populations typically predominate under favorable conditions, whereas male populations predominate (...) under adverse conditions. Here, we performed a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in an Arabidopsis diversity panel to identify host loci underlying variation in susceptibility to cyst nematode infection. Three different susceptibility parameters were examined, with the aim of providing insights into the infection process, the number of females and males present in the infected plant, and the female-to-male sex ratio. GWAS results suggested that variation in sex ratio is associated with a novel

2018 Journal of experimental botany

244. Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of Arising from a Bronchogenic Cyst of the Diaphragm Full Text available with Trip Pro

Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma of Arising from a Bronchogenic Cyst of the Diaphragm Bronchogenic cysts may rupture or become infected, and malignant degeneration may occur. Although various types of malignant degeneration have been described, only a few reports of mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising from a bronchogenic cyst have been published. We report such a case.A 77-year-old female was referred to our institution for evaluation of left chest pain. A computed tomography scan showed an enhancing 65 (...) × 70 mm mass of the left diaphragm. Based on the intraoperative findings of an intradiaphragmatic tumor involving the lower lobe of the left lung, the resection of the tumor with the wedge resection of left lower lobe and partial resection of the left diaphragm was performed. Histopathologic examination revealed a mucoepidermoid carcinoma arising from a bronchogenic cyst of the diaphragm with the presence of fibrous adhesion to the lower lobe.We believe that complete resection of any bronchogenic

2018 Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery

245. Lateral cervical thymic cyst in a child: a case report Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lateral cervical thymic cyst in a child: a case report Cervical thymic cysts are uncommon lesions, rarely considered in the differential diagnosis of neck cysts in children.We report a rare case of multiloculated thymic cyst in an 8-year-old boy on the right side of the neck. Perioperative diagnosis was a cystic hygroma. Macroscopic examination showed a cystic mass measuring 6.5 cm in total length. Histopathology of the excised specimen revealed thymic tissue with prominent Hassall's corpuscles (...) associated with multiloculated cyst. The cyst wall is bordered by a flattened or multilayered epithelium, often abraded.This case is presented here for its rarity and should be included in the differential diagnosis of neck masses in children. So, it's a lesion to be well aware of, particularly by pathologists.

2018 BMC research notes

246. Paediatric aneurysmal bone cyst: not as easy as ABC Full Text available with Trip Pro

Paediatric aneurysmal bone cyst: not as easy as ABC Aneurysmal bone cysts (ABCs) are expansile cystic lesions that can affect any bone of the body. Whilst these lesions are histologically benign, the lesions are locally aggressive and can affect the integrity of the affected bone as well as surrounding structures. ABCs arising in the head and neck region, particularly the paranasal sinuses are rare and they are limited to case reports in the literature. Due to the proximity of critical

2018 Journal of surgical case reports

247. Robot-Assisted Thoracoscopic Resection of a Posterior Mediastinal Mullerian Cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Robot-Assisted Thoracoscopic Resection of a Posterior Mediastinal Mullerian Cyst First described in 2005, the Mullerian derived cyst in the mediastinum is a rare finding with few subsequent reports. We report a case of Mullerian cyst occurring in the mediastinum of a 49-year-old female that was resected by robot-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. To our knowledge, this is the first report of robot-assisted resection of Hattori's cyst. Histopathologic analysis revealed ciliated Mullerian-type tubal (...) epithelium positive for paired box gene 8 (PAX8), estrogen receptor (ER), and progesterone receptor (PR), confirming Mullerian differentiation. We also review the clinical presentation, pathology, and differential diagnosis of such cysts.

2018 Case reports in pulmonology

248. A Life-Threatening Bronchogenic Cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

A Life-Threatening Bronchogenic Cyst A bronchogenic cyst causing cardiac tamponade is a rare condition. We report an unusual case of a bronchogenic cyst that caused cardiac tamponade. A 49-year-old female patient presented at our emergency room with complaints of palpitations and shortness of breath that had lasted for 5 days preceding the visit. Echocardiography revealed a very large cystic mass compressing the left a trium posteriorly, and a large amount of pericardial effusion caused (...) the diastolic collapse of the ventricles. Atrial fibrillation and aggravated dyspnea were observed, and the patient's vital signs were unstable after admission. We therefore performed an emergency operation. The bronchogenic cyst was resected by thoracotomy and the patient was discharged 12 days after the operation without any complications over 5 years of follow-up.

2018 The Korean journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery

249. Spontaneous Disappearance of a Pericardial Cyst: Case Report and Literature Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

Spontaneous Disappearance of a Pericardial Cyst: Case Report and Literature Review Pericardial cysts are rare benign anomalies generally discovered as incidental findings on radiographic images. Rarely, pericardial cysts cause symptoms and may lead to complications. A 56-year-old woman presented to the emergency department for mild chest pain. A cardiovascular and respiratory examination revealed no abnormalities, while a chest X-ray and subsequent thoracic computed tomography (CT) showed (...) a pericardial cyst. The patient refused both percutaneous treatment and thoracic surgery. Three years later, a thoracic CT scan showed that the pericardial cyst had disappeared. Although the spontaneous resolution of these lesions is rare, this article highlights the possibility of conservative management in select cases.

2018 The Korean journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery

250. Experimental Nanopulse Ablation of Multiple Membrane Parasite on Ex Vivo Hydatid Cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Experimental Nanopulse Ablation of Multiple Membrane Parasite on Ex Vivo Hydatid Cyst The impact of ultrashort nanopulse on cellular membrane is of biological significance and thus has been studied intensively. Different from cell study, this ex vivo study aims to investigate the biological effects of nanosecond pulsed electric field (nsPEF) on an independent multimembrane parasite, human hydatid cyst, to observe the unique influence of nanopulse on macromembrane structure, permeabilization (...) , and biochemistry. The 300 ns nsPEF was delivered on an experimental model of single human hydatid cyst ex vivo with eight different parameters. Then pathological changes during 7 days of 48 parasite cysts were followed up after nsPEF. The laminated layer, the germinal layer, the protoscolex, and cyst fluid were evaluated by the morphological, pathological, and biochemical measurements. The parameter screening found that nsPEF can damage hydatid cyst effectively when the field strength is higher than 14 kV/cm

2018 BioMed research international

251. Cystic echinococcosis in marketed offal of sheep in Basrah, Iraq: Abattoir-based survey and a probabilistic model estimation of the direct economic losses due to hydatid cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cystic echinococcosis in marketed offal of sheep in Basrah, Iraq: Abattoir-based survey and a probabilistic model estimation of the direct economic losses due to hydatid cyst Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a highly endemic parasitic zoonosis in Iraq with substantial impacts on livestock productivity and human health. The objectives of this study were to study the abattoir-based occurrence of CE in marketed offal of sheep in Basrah province, Iraq, and to estimate, using a probabilistic modelling (...) approach, the direct economic losses due to hydatid cysts. Based on detailed visual meat inspection, results from an active abattoir survey in this study revealed detection of hydatid cysts in 7.3% (95% CI: 5.4; 9.6) of 631 examined sheep carcasses. Post-mortem lesions of hydatid cyst were concurrently present in livers and lungs of more than half (54.3% (25/46)) of the positive sheep. Direct economic losses due to hydatid cysts in marketed offal were estimated using data from government reports

2018 Parasite Epidemiology and Control

252. Cystic biliary atresia: A distinct clinical entity that may mimic choledochal cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Cystic biliary atresia: A distinct clinical entity that may mimic choledochal cyst Cystic biliary atresia (CBA) is a relatively uncommon but clinically significant variant of biliary atresia. The presence of a cyst in the hepatic hilum on imaging in an infant with cholestasis supports the diagnosis of CBA, but can also be seen in patients with a choledochal cyst-the main differential diagnosis in patients with CBA. The reported case outlines the clinical presentation and imaging findings (...) in a patient with surgically confirmed and treated CBA and emphasizes the importance of distinguishing CBA from choledochal cyst at diagnostic imaging given the disparate timing and type of surgical treatment necessary for successful management of these distinct entities.

2018 Radiology Case Reports

253. The Role of Endoscopic Ultrasound-guided Drainage for Autoimmune Pancreatitis-associated Pancreatic Cysts: A Report of Five Cases and a Literature Review Full Text available with Trip Pro

The Role of Endoscopic Ultrasound-guided Drainage for Autoimmune Pancreatitis-associated Pancreatic Cysts: A Report of Five Cases and a Literature Review Objective Autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP) has been recognized as a benign disease, which that shows a prompt response to corticosteroid treatment (CST). It was previously believed to not be associated with cyst formation; however, a few cases of AIP-associated pancreatic cyst (PC) have been reported. Some cases were reported to have been

2018 Internal Medicine

254. Unilateral Nasal Obstruction Caused by a Large Nasopharyngeal Cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

Unilateral Nasal Obstruction Caused by a Large Nasopharyngeal Cyst 29531499 2018 11 14 1308-8734 50 1 2018 Feb The Eurasian journal of medicine Eurasian J Med Unilateral Nasal Obstruction Caused by a Large Nasopharyngeal Cyst. 62-63 10.5152/eurasianjmed.2018.17341 Ata Nurdogan N Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Medicana Konya Hospital, Konya, Turkey. eng Journal Article 2018 02 01 Turkey Eurasian J Med 101557701 1308-8734 Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest was declared

2018 The Eurasian journal of medicine

255. An incidental diagnosis of a giant paraovarian cyst in a female teenager: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

An incidental diagnosis of a giant paraovarian cyst in a female teenager: A case report. Paraovarian cysts (PCs) are cystic tumors that can be encountered between the ovarian hilum and the ovarian fimbria located within the mesosalpinx and broad ligament, being usually diagnosed within the 3rd and 4th decade of life.We report the case of a 15-year-old female admitted in our clinic for consciousness loss, who was incidentally diagnosed with a giant pelvic cystic at ultrasound.The magnetic (...) resonance image showed a cystic mass of 170/140/85 mm, suggesting an origin from the left ovary, reaching the subhepatic area.The surgical intervention revealed 3 PCs, a giant one and 2 smaller ones within the large ligament. The cysts were removed by laparoscopic approach, and the histologic examination did not reveal any signs of neoplasia.In addition to their rarity, giant PCs can be an incidental diagnosis in patients presenting unrelated symptoms resulting in increased difficulties related

2018 Medicine

256. Clinical Outcomes Following Prenatal Diagnosis of Asymmetric Ventriculomegaly, Interhemispheric Cyst, and Callosal Dysgenesis (AVID). Full Text available with Trip Pro

Clinical Outcomes Following Prenatal Diagnosis of Asymmetric Ventriculomegaly, Interhemispheric Cyst, and Callosal Dysgenesis (AVID). When identified prenatally, the imaging triad of asymmetric ventriculomegaly, interhemispheric cyst, and dysgenesis of the corpus callosum (AVID) can indicate a more serious congenital brain anomaly. In this follow-up series of 15 fetuses, we present the neurodevelopmental outcomes of a single institution cohort of children diagnosed prenatally with AVID.Our (...) fetal ultrasound database was queried for cases of AVID between 2000 and 2016. All available fetal MR imaging studies were reviewed for the presence of (a) interhemispheric cysts or ventricular diverticula and (b) dysgenesis or agenesis of the corpus callosum. Clinical records were reviewed for perinatal management, postnatal surgical management, and neurodevelopmental outcomes.Fifteen prenatal cases of AVID were identified. Twelve were live-born and three pregnancies were terminated. Of the 12

2018 Prenatal diagnosis

257. WoMan-Trial RCT: word catheter for the treatment of Bartholin cyst or abscess appears to be more cost effective than the conventional incision and drainage. Full Text available with Trip Pro

WoMan-Trial RCT: word catheter for the treatment of Bartholin cyst or abscess appears to be more cost effective than the conventional incision and drainage. 27813283 2018 10 12 2018 10 12 1471-0528 124 2 2017 01 BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology BJOG WoMan-Trial RCT: word catheter for the treatment of Bartholin cyst or abscess appears to be more cost effective than the conventional incision and drainage. 250 10.1111/1471-0528.14375 Bakour S S Aston Medical Research (...) Institution/Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Teaching Trust, City Hospital, Birmingham, UK. eng Journal Article Comment 2016 11 04 England BJOG 100935741 1470-0328 AIM IM BJOG. 2017 Jan;124(2):243-249 27640367 Abscess Bartholin's Glands Catheters Cysts Drainage Female Humans 2016 11 5 6 0 2018 10 13 6 0 2016 11 5 6 0 ppublish 27813283 10.1111/1471-0528.14375

2018 BJOG : an international journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Controlled trial quality: uncertain

258. Fibrin glue-assisted excision of a large recurrent microphthalmic cyst. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Fibrin glue-assisted excision of a large recurrent microphthalmic cyst. Microphthalmic cysts are rare. Although small cysts can be left in situ to promote orbital expansion, large cysts require drainage or surgical excision. Complete surgical excision is notoriously difficult, and incomplete excision may result in cyst reformation. We describe a novel method of using fibrin glue to aid successful complete removal of a large recurrent microphthalmic cyst in a 6-year-old child who previously had

2018 JAAPOS - Journal of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus

259. Synovial cysts of the hip joint: a single-center experience. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Synovial cysts of the hip joint: a single-center experience. Synovial cyst of the hip joint is a rare clinical condition in need of evidence-based guidelines for its diagnosis and management. Normally, synovial cyst of the hip joint requires no treatment, but when it intrudes into surrounding structures, various clinical symptoms appear. Because of its rarity, a symptomatic synovial cyst is often confounded with a tumor as a space-occupying lesion or with other diseases, depending on its (...) various clinical presentations. Therefore, guidelines for the precise diagnosis and appropriate management for synovial cyst of the hip joint are required.We retrospectively studied 7 cases of symptomatic synovial cyst of the hip joint, some of which showed lower limb edema due to mass effect. We compared physical exam findings on presentation, imaging findings, and size and location of the cyst.All cases were managed successfully with surgical excision. We found that, instead of the size of the cyst

2018 BMC Surgery

260. An Extrafollicular Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor Mimicking a Periapical Cyst Full Text available with Trip Pro

An Extrafollicular Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor Mimicking a Periapical Cyst Adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT) is a rare noninvasive odontogenic tumor that occurs mostly in the second decade of life. Based on its tooth association, AOT can be classified into three categories of follicular, extrafollicular, and peripheral types; the follicular classification is considered as the most common type of AOT. This study reported a large extrafollicular case of AOT in a 40-year-old female. She

2018 Case Reports in Radiology

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