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201. Intracranial endodermal cyst presenting with nonobstructive hydrocephalus: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Intracranial endodermal cyst presenting with nonobstructive hydrocephalus: A case report. Endodermal cysts are rare benign lesions in the central nervous system. Their common symptoms include headache and neck pain caused by mass effect or inflammatory reaction. We report the case of an elderly woman with intracranial endodermal cyst who presented with nonobstructive hydrocephalus.A 78-year-old woman presented with acute deterioration of consciousness caused by acute hydrocephalus. She (...) subsequently underwent ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement. Eighteen months after this operation, she developed numbness of extremities and gait and progressive cognitive disturbances.Initially, the endodermal cyst could not be recognized, but it became clinically evident in the craniocervical junction after ventriculoperitoneal shunt placement. MRI revealed multiple cystic lesions in the pontomedullary cistern. Postoperative pathology confirmed the diagnosis of endodermal cyst.Subtotal resection

2019 Medicine

202. Transcranial endoscopic treatment of thalamic neuroepithelial cyst: case report and review of the literature. (Abstract)

Transcranial endoscopic treatment of thalamic neuroepithelial cyst: case report and review of the literature. Thalamic neuroepithelial cysts are rare, benign lesions. Thirteen cases have been published in eight articles. The most frequent symptoms are headache, hemiparesis, tremor and related signs of hydrocephalus such as gait disturbance, confusion, and Paranaud's syndrome. Surgical interventions include endoscopic fenestration, open surgery and stereotaxic biopsy or aspiration. We report (...) a case of a 63-year-old woman who had headache and right hemiparesis for 1 week, but no hydrocephalus. We treated her with transcranial neuronavigation-guided endoscopic complete resection. The patient recovered completely after cyst removal.

2019 British Journal of Neurosurgery

203. The scolicidal activity of the essential oil obtained from the needles of Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe on hydatid cyst. (Abstract)

The scolicidal activity of the essential oil obtained from the needles of Pinus nigra Arn. subsp. pallasiana (Lamb.) Holmboe on hydatid cyst. This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro activity of the essential oil of Pinus nigra subsp. pallasiana against protoscoleces of Echinococcus granulosus sensu lato. In traditional Turkish folk medicine, the essential oils and resin of P. nigra and P. sylvestris are used externally for wound healing. They are also used in cattle for treating worms (...) and as boiling essence against cold and stomachache. Protoscoleces were aseptically aspirated from sheep livers having hydatid cysts.Three concentrations (10, 30, and 50 mg/mL) of the essential oil from P. nigra subsp. pallasiana cones were used for 10-60 min. The essential oil was applied to protoscoleces of hydatid cyst to determine the scolicidal activity of the essential oil. Viability of protoscoleces was observed by 0.1% eosin staining.The rate of dead protoscoleces was found to be 2.27% in the control

2019 Journal of Ethnopharmacology

204. Surgical management of tailgut cysts: A rare case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Surgical management of tailgut cysts: A rare case report. Tailgut cysts are a type of very rare congenital polycystic lesions that are always located posterior to the rectum and anterior to the sacrum. The symptoms of tailgut cysts are nonspecific and misleading. Therefore, a full understanding of the characteristics of tailgut cysts is important for their diagnosis and treatment.We report a 46-year-old female with a sacrococcygeal mass that had been present for about 2 years.Pelvic magnetic (...) resonance imaging (MRI) indicated several cystic masses, the largest of which had a diameter of about 2.8 cm, near the ligaments of the sacrospinous and rectum. Pathological examination confirmed the tailgut cysts, with no signs of malignant transformation.The patient received complete surgical cysts resection, which was performed through the sacrococcygeal region.The patient recovered well with no obvious complication and was discharged on the sixth-day post-surgery. Follow-up 6 months later revealed

2019 Medicine

205. Intraosseous Epidermoid Cyst of the Radius. (Abstract)

Intraosseous Epidermoid Cyst of the Radius. We report the rare case of an intraosseous epidermoid cyst of the distal radius associated with an acute infection in a 79-year-old woman.Copyright © 2018 American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

2019 Journal of Hand Surgery - American

206. Obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to a perianeurysmal cyst: a case report. (Abstract)

Obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to a perianeurysmal cyst: a case report. Perianeurysmal cysts are an extremely rare association with cerebral aneurysms. We report the case of a 64 year old male who presented with obstructive hydrocephalus due to a perianeurysmal cyst. The cyst originated in association with a thrombosed, right-sided, terminal internal carotid artery aneurysm. Definitive management was offered with craniotomy and surgical clipping of the aneurysm together with endoscopic (...) cyst fenestration. The patient made a full recovery and was asymptomatic at 3-month follow-up. We review the literature and discuss the potential mechanisms of cyst formation.

2019 British Journal of Neurosurgery

207. Cranial vault unicameral bone cyst. (Abstract)

Cranial vault unicameral bone cyst. Unicameral bone cysts (UBC), also known as simple bone cysts, are common benign bone lesions filled with fluid, primarily occurring in children and adolescents. Although they can develop in any bone, UBCs usually affect the long bones.A 53 year old male patient was found incidentally to have a calvarian lesion in the parietal region overlying the superior sagittal sinus (SSS) ( Figure 1 ). The differential diagnosis included a large arachnoid granulation

2019 British Journal of Neurosurgery

208. Utilizing real-time contrast medium to detect the fistula of giant spinal arachnoid cyst and treat with minimal invasive surgery. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Utilizing real-time contrast medium to detect the fistula of giant spinal arachnoid cyst and treat with minimal invasive surgery. Spinal arachnoid cysts are rare and have varied clinical manifestations depending on the affected spinal region and nerve roots. A complete cyst excision with fistula closure is the first choice of treatment. However, it might be difficult to localize the specific position of the fistula because previous images have no enhancements or the fistula is too tiny (...) to be detected.This case is a giant lumbar extradural arachnoid cyst. We administered a lumbar injection with contrast medium into subarachnoid space under digital subtraction angiography (DSA) and disclosed the fistula. Confirming the location of fistula enabled us to perform minimally invasive surgery to ligate the fistula. Surgical intervention for a spinal arachnoid cyst might encounter the problem of the formation of a postoperative cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) fistula. We propose the option of detecting

2019 BMC Surgery

209. Papillary glioblastoma exhibiting a neuroradiological cyst with a mural nodule: A case report. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Papillary glioblastoma exhibiting a neuroradiological cyst with a mural nodule: A case report. Glioblastomas are malignant, infiltrating gliomas classified as grade IV by the World Health Organization. Genetically, most glioblastomas do not exhibit the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1/2 gene mutation and rarely harbor the 1p/19q co-deletion. Neuroradiologically, glioblastomas rarely form a cyst with a mural nodule lesion.In this study, a 78-year-old woman, with speech difficulty

2019 Medicine

210. Knee osteoarthritis patients with more subchondral cysts have altered tibial subchondral bone mineral density. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Knee osteoarthritis patients with more subchondral cysts have altered tibial subchondral bone mineral density. Subchondral bone cysts are a widely observed, but poorly understood, feature in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Clinical quantitative computed tomography (QCT) has the potential to characterize cysts in vivo but it is unclear which specific cyst parameters (e.g., number, size) are associated with clinical signs of OA, such as disease severity or pain. The objective (...) of this study was to use QCT-based image-processing techniques to characterize subchondral tibial cysts in patients with knee OA and to explore relationships between proximal tibial subchondral cyst parameters and subchondral bone density as well as clinical characteristics of OA (alignment, joint space narrowing (JSN), OA severity, pain) in patients with knee OA.The preoperative knee of 42 knee arthroplasty patients was scanned using QCT. Patient characteristics were obtained, including OA severity, knee

2019 BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders

211. Differentiation between hepatic cystic echinococcosis types 1 and simple hepatic cysts: A retrospective analysis. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Differentiation between hepatic cystic echinococcosis types 1 and simple hepatic cysts: A retrospective analysis. This study aims to evaluate the clinic value of ultrasound, computed tomography (CT) and serological testing in the differentiation between hepatic Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) types 1 and simple hepatic cysts.Totally 50 patients with CE Types 1 and 50 patients with simple hepatic cysts were included. All patients examined by ultrasound, CT and serological testing respectively (...) %, positive likelihood ratio was 3.07, and negative likelihood ratio was 0.19. Disease prevalence was 50%, positive predictive value was 75.44%, and negative predictive value was 83.72%. Combined ultrasound and immunological test, the sensitivity and the specificity was 82% and 100% respectively. Combined CT and immunological test, the sensitivity the specificity was 70% and 82% respectively.In the differentiate diagnosis of CE Types 1 and simple hepatic cyst, ultrasound is better than CT with high

2019 Medicine

212. Lipid Peroxidation Drives Renal Cyst Growth <i>In Vitro</i> through Activation of TMEM16A. Full Text available with Trip Pro

Lipid Peroxidation Drives Renal Cyst Growth In Vitro through Activation of TMEM16A. Transepithelial chloride- secretion, through the chloride channels cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) and TMEM16A (anoctamin 1), drives cyst enlargement in polycystic kidney disease (PKD). Polycystic kidneys are hypoxic, and oxidative stress activates TMEM16A. However, mechanisms for channel activation in PKD remain obscure.Using tissue samples from patients with autosomal dominant (...) PKD, embryonic kidney cultures, and an MDCK in vitro cyst model, we assessed peroxidation of plasma membrane phospholipids in human and mouse polycystic kidneys. We also used electrophysiologic Ussing chamber and patch clamp experiments to analyze activation of TMEM16A and growth of renal cysts.Peroxidation of phospholipids in human and mouse kidneys as well as MDCK cysts in vitro is probably due to enhanced levels of reactive oxygen species. Lipid peroxidation correlated with increased cyst

2019 Journal of the American Society of Nephrology

213. Calcifying odontogenic cyst, dentinogenic ghost cell tumor and ghost cell odontogenic carcinoma: a systematic review

Calcifying odontogenic cyst, dentinogenic ghost cell tumor and ghost cell odontogenic carcinoma: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

214. Assessing the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions for Bartholin Cysts or Abscess

Assessing the effectiveness of therapeutic interventions for Bartholin Cysts or Abscess Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence: Organisation web address: Timing

2018 PROSPERO

215. Clinical features and long-term outcomes of patients with intracranial neuroepithelial cysts: a systematic review

Clinical features and long-term outcomes of patients with intracranial neuroepithelial cysts: a systematic review Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

216. Accuracy of KRAS mutational analysis in pancreatic cyst fluid obtained by EUS-FNA for diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Accuracy of KRAS mutational analysis in pancreatic cyst fluid obtained by EUS-FNA for diagnosis of pancreatic cystic lesions: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g

2018 PROSPERO

217. Dentigerous cysts resolution with conservative and extensive surgical methods : a systematic review and meta-analysis

Dentigerous cysts resolution with conservative and extensive surgical methods : a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne") for correspondence

2018 PROSPERO

218. RANK, RANKL, and OPG immunoexpression in dentigerous cysts, odontogenic keratocysts, and ameloblastoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis

RANK, RANKL, and OPG immunoexpression in dentigerous cysts, odontogenic keratocysts, and ameloblastoma: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith" or "Joanne

2018 PROSPERO

219. Color Doppler ultrasonography diagnostic value in detection of malignant nodes in cysts with pathologically proven thyroid malignancy: a systematic review and meta-analyses

Color Doppler ultrasonography diagnostic value in detection of malignant nodes in cysts with pathologically proven thyroid malignancy: a systematic review and meta-analyses Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation

2018 PROSPERO

220. Accuracy and diagnostic yield of genetic testing versus microforceps biopsy for diagnosis of pancreatic cysts: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Accuracy and diagnostic yield of genetic testing versus microforceps biopsy for diagnosis of pancreatic cysts: a systematic review and meta-analysis Print | PDF PROSPERO This information has been provided by the named contact for this review. CRD has accepted this information in good faith and registered the review in PROSPERO. CRD bears no responsibility or liability for the content of this registration record, any associated files or external websites. Email salutation (e.g. "Dr Smith

2018 PROSPERO

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